Cow dung is one of the nicest fertilizers. A large number of owners of dacha plots, gardeners, gardeners know that in order to get a good harvest it is necessary to fertilize the soil layer, since often there is a shortage of certain substances that are required by plants for full growth and development. To do this, use different substances.
All modern fertilizers are divided into several categories, the main of which are the class of mineral fertilizers and the class of organic. Cow dung belongs to the second and is considered one of the best universal remedies due to the fact that it can be used for different fruit and berry, vegetable and decorative crops. In its composition there are many chemical elements required by plants for growth and development, for example: potassium, nitrogen, phosphorus, and in addition some trace elements (zinc, calcium, and others). Apply this fertilizer and in a fresh form, and in the form of rotten residues, tinctures and solutions.
Cow Manure Species
There are several types of these tools, including:
The first type, litter, is cattle excrement mixed with straw or hay in litter. Also, peat is sometimes used instead of hay - as a result one of the best fertilizers is obtained, containing a large amount of ammonium nitrogen absorbed by vegetation several times better than ordinary nitrogen. If straw or hay has been used, then potassium and phosphorus will be present in large quantities in the fertilizer, which are used by plant organisms for good growth and resistance to various temperatures.
Also in the composition there is magnesium, contributing to an increase in the quantity and quality of the crop. This type of fertilizer is used in the manufacture of compost and a complete top dressing of the soil layer in the autumn period.
How to improve the yield?
We are constantly being written letters in which gardeners' lovers worry that because of the cold summer this year there is a poor harvest of potatoes, tomatoes, cucumbers, and other vegetables. Last year, we published TIPS, on this issue. But unfortunately many did not listen, but some still applied. Here is a report from our readers, we want to advise plant growth biostimulants, which will help increase the yield up to 50-70%.
We advise PLEASANT to prepare for the summer season, pay attention to this biological product. A lot of positive feedback.
Top dressing with manure.
Only humus from manure.
We can talk for a long time about the glory of manure as a fertilizer, so let's not get carried away and briefly summarize what we do with it in the spring.
Alexander - fertilizers, including dung, is breakfast for the garden and trees and the vegetables growing in it ...
Pig manure is considered one of the most "caustic." In fact, it contains a large amount of nitrogen in the form of ammonia, a high concentration of which is present in the urine of these animals.
Total nitrogen - 3.5 g,
In order to make a compost pile according to all the rules, it is necessary to lay the last year's substrate on its base, which will provide the collar with the necessary number of bacteria that ferment organic matter. The following layers are made from any organic waste (herbs, tops, peel of vegetables and fruits), which is sprinkled with manure. Such a "layer cake" is erected until it reaches a height of 1-1.5 meters. Then a lot of water is poured over it, and left to overheat. Recycled manure as a fertilizer can be used within a few months. However, the optimal period for maturing compost based on livestock waste is a time interval equal to a year.
First select the container in which the nutritional cocktail will be prepared for your plants. The container is filled with fresh manure and water. On one bucket of mullein should take five buckets of water. If you add wood ash at the rate of 50 g of ash per 1 tin of infusion, then your fertilizer will also be enriched with potassium. Daily content needs to be mixed. Preparing a mullein takes about two weeks. During this time, the fermentation process will end in the tank.
Well absorbed by plants
Fertilizer - Mullein
Not only feeds, but also helps in protection from plant diseases.
Tomatoes begin to feed manure only 20 days after transplanting to the beds. Half a liter of mullein stir in a bucket of water and add nitrophoska - a tablespoon. Consumption - half a liter for each plant. When the second flower brush is dissolved, it is necessary to make one more top dressing. And the third - during the flowering of the third brush.
In manure, there are nitrogen, and potassium, and phosphorus, and calcium, and magnesium, and trace elements. The introduction of manure into the soil not only reduces the harmful effects of excess salt, but also reduces the excess acidity that occurs during the interaction of plants with chemical fertilizers. On the ground, fertilized with manure, cultivated plants absorb much less radioactive particles, various toxic substances and herbicides.
2 Manure is brought mainly in the spring (not in the fall),
- Fresh manure should never be used, but in March, if you need it, you can pull it away on the snow that has not yet melted. At night, it will freeze, thaw out during the day, and podprevat, and crumble, and by the time when the average daily temperature will pass for 0 °, it will be available to plants by twenty percent. Now it should be shallowly covered with bushes and trees, or mumulified with something acceptable - in order to lose less nitrogen.
- Macroelements are called this way because they use the maximum amount: nitrogen primarily for growth, phosphorus and potassium, roughly speaking, for strength. And it is impossible to do without trace amounts of microelements: they are like cogs, fasten large biochemical blocks, the totality of which is any living organism.
- Total nitrogen - 8.13 g,
- Potassium (oxide) - 1.4 g
Mullein fertilizer - application
Manure composting with the use of worms (vermicomposting) provides not only useful fertilizer, but also a permanent, self-renewable source of food for the soil, because with this substrate the worms are applied to the beds, where they continue their livelihoods and reproduction, processing the soil around myself.
Now let's see which plants need a mullein watering, and how best to do it.
- Korovyak contains the whole complex of elements necessary for plants: nitrogen, potassium, copper, iron, sulfur and others.
- Potatoes respond poorly to fertilizing with both organic matter and mineral fertilizers. But if the plants are pale and have a "stunted" appearance, before hilling, you can feed them with a weak (half-liter per 10 liters of water) solution of liquid mullein - 3 to 4 liters per square meter.
Top-dressing garden plants with manure during growth, flowering and fruiting for most of them gives very good results and can significantly improve the quality and quantity of the crop. But this should be done carefully, because an excess of manure, like any other potent fertilizer, can do more harm than good.
- 3. There are plants in which manure is generally contraindicated. (For example, irises, ephedra).
- Consumption is as follows: a third of a bucket under a bush, a half-bucket under a young tree up to 5 years old, a half-bucket under an adult, a half-meter ring below the inner border of the crown projection. The amount of rotted manure is twice as much, once, after snowmelt and when the earth recedes by about a span. And immediately we close it up in the soil.
- The first task for the plant in the spring is to increase green mass and bloom (most of our green friends bloom after or at the same time as the leaves bloom), and as a result fruiting with a chain of continuation of the genus. Therefore, the main component of spring fertilizers is nitrogen.
- Phosphorus (oxide) - 7.9 g,
When choosing the concentration of feeding, it should be borne in mind that, depending on the age and sex of the animal, the chemical composition of the manure may vary. For example, in the feces of adult cows nutrients are 15% more than calves and calves in the first year of life. It is recommended to bring this substrate in the amount of 7-10 kg per square meter, depending on the fertility of the soil.
How to cook mullein?
Under the conditions of the middle band for vermicomposting, agronomists recommend choosing a hybrid of red Californian worms with worms of the Kuban natural population. Before using them to process manure into fertilizer, the substrate must be acidified with slaked lime, ash or bone meal to a pH of 7.5-8 units, as the worms cannot live in a neutral environment.
Very responsive to mullein:
Mullein is fresh and rotten.
- Zucchini begin to feed manure before flowering. About 10 grams of nitrophobia is added to a liter of mullein. Pour 10 liters of water and, mixing, water at the rate of one liter per root. During flowering, feed again, using a liter of fresh chicken manure, diluted with water 1x3, and a tablespoon of any complex fertilizer. The mixture is diluted in a ten-liter bucket of water and use 3 liters per square meter.
- Not in time or incorrectly made top dressing may, for example, unnecessarily prolong the growing season, which will lead to late maturation of the wood in perennial plants, or excessive growth of green mass in root crops. Too abundant and concentrated top dressing with manure can burn young leaves and roots of annuals. With fresh manure weed seeds are capable of getting into the soil and even pathogens.
- Yes, yes! -If pereperet good. For this, they pile it up and don’t touch it for a year or two. In the sense of not contributing anywhere. Then he perevarivaet and super! In the meantime, a bunch of new ripening can be folded next. Then the first has ripened (pereprel) it contribute. And further along the same lines. While holding a cow all my life they did it. And we, and everyone in the villages are doing this. And do not hesitate. Tested by many decades and more than one generation.
- In principle, there is enough phosphate and potassium in manure, but it doesn’t hurt to sprinkle under the bushes and trees in a half-liter jar of furnace ash under the first and a half and a half under the second one in 10 days after manure. And if you add some more to the bushes and trees (handful and three respectively) of fish meal - the garden will be happy!
- In organic fertilizers it is by definition the most, only the forms and availability for plants differ somewhat. We'll keep silent about bird droppings here: it is very good, but it is a separate independent topic.
- Potassium (oxide) - 4.5 g
- Fresh liquid cow manure contains a significant percentage of helminth eggs, such as trichocephalus, strongylats, and monies, so it is advisable to use personal protective equipment when working with them. A good way to get rid of these unpleasant parasites will be composting or fermentation of bovine excrement.
These natural supplements are used to accelerate the fermentation process of the manure substrate during its composting. They make the use of manure very economical, since after its treatment with bioactive drugs, the rate of application of this organic fertilizer can be reduced three times, while maintaining the same efficiency. The price of manure in this case is also reduced, due to a decrease in its use.
Watering with a solution of mullein is better to produce along the furrows and grooves, rather than pouring on plants from above.
- Fresh mullein can be used:
- Pumpkin is fed with a weak solution of bird droppings (1x15) or slurry (1x5) in the phase of the appearance of the third true leaf.
- Manure, well rotted in the compost heap, not only enriches the earth with the nutrients necessary for plants, but also increases the effectiveness of the action of mineral fertilizers introduced simultaneously with it.
I read the answers - it seemed that people were not connected with the earth at all! What are you specifically interested in? How will planting manure affect? For the most favorable - the tops will develop fine - you will not wait for the fruits (if you bring in a lot or unchanged), but this will continue for one season. Next year you will not enjoy the harvest. Regarding conifers - this is true, they do not like anewing, by the way, tulips, too. What else? Contribute in the spring. .. I never bring in - I bring in the fall - if the manure is not ripe, then it will rot over the winter. We feed from spring and throughout the season. We kindle a fresh mullein in the barrel with water, a barrel in the sun, everything wanders around and we feed the tomatoes and cucumbers carefully with the fermented mass. 1 liter for 10-30 liters of water (just spill on the beds, and then a full bed of water.) Well, and. Go
Now let's talk about "chemistry" - about mineral fertilizers. Do not be afraid of them! With basic compliance with the instructions on the packages, they work fine, and even earthworms are not offended. The main thing is not to overdo it. It is permissible and very crude to use them, on the basis of the fact that a handful of an adult is 30-40 g of granulated fertilizer.
Good fertilizer. Quite rarely, who now can allow to fertilize plants with manure - soon we will forget what it is.
So, by the set of properties, the best one was and still is
Rabbit excrement is used as well as waste of cattle, they are applied to the ground for digging or digging, insisted on compost, and liquid fertilizers are prepared from them. But there is one method of processing that is impossible for other species — dry powder is made from rabbit droppings, which is used not only in the backyard area, but also at home, to feed household flowers. To prepare it, the pellets are dried in the sun and pounded in a mortar. After that, mixed with the earth, at the rate of 1 tbsp. spoon 3 l. lands, and fall asleep in pots intended for planting home flowers. Rabbit dung can be bought not only on farms, but also in large supermarkets of garden goods.Phosphorus (oxide) - 3.8 g,In the autumn it is used when digging the soil. The application rate for manure is 1 bucket (10 l.) Per sq.m., the embedment depth is no more than 30-40 cm.
For use in the garden and the garden, agronomists usually recommend using well-rotted manure,
Peppers.For mulching plants,Why feeding with mullein enjoys such success:
Cucumbers - one of the few plants for the cultivation of which you can use fresh manure. Unlike rotted, it gives an alkaline reaction and a sufficient amount of nitrogen, which is very popular with this culture. Especially on acidic and cold soils. Cucumbers feed manure four times. The first time - at the beginning of flowering. A glass of mullein is diluted in a ten-liter bucket of water along with potassium sulfate, urea and superphosphate - in a teaspoon. The second - at the beginning of fruiting. To this end, one pound of chicken manure is thrown in a bucket, three tablespoons of ash and one is nitrophoscopy. However, if you are not in favor of using chemical fertilizers, you can do without mineral water. Superphosphate successfully replaces bone meal, and potash salts - ash. One should only remember that it is undesirable to use ash simultaneously with fresh manure - as a result of the reaction, a significant portion of nitrogen is lost, and insoluble solid compounds are formed. In about half a month, the cucumbers will need a third feed. On the bucket take a liter of diluted (1x3) water mullein, adding potassium sulfate, urea and superphosphate - a teaspoon. After filtering this solution, water the bed at the rate of 8 to 10 liters per square meter of planting. The last feeding of cucumbers do about two or two and a half weeks after the third. Mix 1 liter of diluted chicken manure and complete mineral fertilizer - a tablespoon. Dilute with ten liters of water. Consumption - 5 liters per 1 square meter.
Not always manure is a panacea. It all depends on what was used as animal litter. Now it is a hurry and a number of fresh sawdust, which absorb all the nitrogen in the manure. Therefore, the benefits of it are very doubtful.
In order for manure to be better absorbed by the plant and not to damage the root system, it is necessary to use humus, that is, rotted manure. To do this, put it in a pile and cover it with a film - let it stand for a year. And after a year, use almost under any plants except those that, in principle, do not really "respect" organic matter. In addition, you can pour a bucket of fresh manure with water this spring, insist and dilute with water beforehand, water the plants in the first summer swimsuit.
Chemical fertilizers - pour or not?
In winter, they pre-fertilize the soil with manure, scattering it around the garden right on the snow cover. The consumption rate is 1.5 buckets per square meter, as with prolonged interaction with air (and in this case, the manure will be on the ground), it loses a significant portion of nitrogen, and therefore this organic fertilizer with this method of application requires more
In which the minimum content of ammonia, and it does not "burn" the roots of plants. Also in its composition there are no harmful microorganisms, they die in the process of decomposition.
25 days before harvesting, feeding is stopped.
For preparation of infusion for watering and spraying plants.
It is a natural and very effective fertilizer,
Is cow dung universal fertilizer? Can I fertilize them all the plants in the garden, because there is unlimited
Cauliflower is fed weeks after one and a half - two after planting. On a bucket of water take half a liter of liquid mullein and a tablespoon of urea. On one plant will need approximately 700 ml of top dressing. The second dressing is carried out only when the head grows the size of a walnut. This time, instead of urea, the same amount of complete mineral fertilizer containing trace elements is added. Under each root pour a liter of solution.
If you put too much and fresh, you can kill the whole garden Everything is good in moderation And manure is better for a year to lie down
That is, roughly speaking, your wife is right.
The use of organic matter as fertilizer for personal plots has never lost relevance, and, in the past few years, in the wake of the revival of the popularity of organic farming, it has significantly pressed mineral fertilizers. Mankind comes to understand that thoughtless exploitation of land leads to their depletion, due to the rapid reduction of the humus layer. The use of animal organics interferes with this process, and contributes to the restoration of fertile soil horizon. This property of natural fertilizers when choosing top dressing for your garden and vegetable garden increasingly inclines the choice of gardeners towards organic matter, because it renews the most important resource - soil fertility, which means it is the fertilizer of the future.
Horse manure as a fertilizer used in the preparation of the soil for such crops as potatoes, cabbage, cucumbers, squash, squash and pumpkins. When fertilizing the soil with manure, it is recommended to bring it in the amount of 5 kg per 1 sq. M. This amount is sufficient, since there is more nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in its composition than in the mullein. If horse excrement is used in the greenhouse as a biofuel, manure must be strewed at least 30 cm thick and carefully spilled with hot water and potassium permanganate to destroy harmful microflora, including fungi. From above it is covered with a layer of fertile land, not less than 20 cm thick.
In the spring - used as a biofuel, in the construction of warm beds for cucumbers and other melons. Mutton dung will be the most preferable for this purpose, since it has a heating temperature inside the heap of at least 60-70 ° C, and cow, pig and horse - 15-20 degrees lower. When applying fresh manure for seasonal fertilizing of garden plants, it is necessary, in accordance with clause 4.4 of GOST 26074-84, to withstand a certain period of time before harvesting, otherwise worms and other unpleasant microorganisms can migrate to the finished products.
Nowadays, there are many methods that help quickly change the structure of fresh organic matter, and improve its consumer qualities. For example, the processing of manure into fertilizer can be done in the following ways, which are available to all gardeners and do not require special equipment:
It is not advisable to feed with a mullein:
If you got fresh mullein, you should remember that oxidative processes are actively taking place in it. If the plants are watered with a solution of fresh mullein, you can burn both the leaves and the roots. Scattering around the site of a non-rotted mullein will also not benefit. Is that sow your garden with weed seeds, in abundance of being in manure.
[I-Your Legend] ™
White cabbage is required to feed manure twice. A glass of wood ash is added to a bucket of bird droppings infused for three days.
Every year, cucumbers were planted in greenhouses in the enterprise. tomatoes and bushes were covered with fresh manure and more than once during the season the harvests were large. Not a single bush burned down or died. Parents even when planting potatoes in the wells added fresh manure. the potatoes were great. And we ourselves buy manure in the spring and lay it in greenhouses. Stems from tomatoes strong. large and tomato and a lot of cucumbers. In the spring of fruit bushes and trees, too, manure is laid out every year. We also use the Repelled.
No, since not all trace elements are contained in manure, therefore, each plant needs to pick up its own fertilizer that is necessary for it. I can help. Write to [email protected]
In terms of phosphorus and potassium, it is not fundamentally different from others, but its value doubles that these elements in part (phosphorus sometimes up to 50%) immediately after leaving the horse's womb are in an easily accessible form for plants: they are not connected into complex organomineral complexes , water soluble, which means they can immediately be dried up by the roots of plants.
I read your article about the correct application of manure. Bought a cottage with a plot, it is unsuitable according to the owner for many years. We decided to fertilize in the spring. Home-made chemistry is not allowed, they say we run from the city, but you want to come back again .. Could you tell me which one would be better for a kitchen garden? Well, in particular, for example, for growing vegetables? And then the mother-in-law says cow, wife advises horse - head spin .. Alexander Doshchitsky. Tver.
Manure drains from pig farms are also used as fertilizers. They include excreta (both solid and liquid), feed residues, bristles, and a small part of the litter (hay, straw, or sawdust).
This type of organic - the most common. Cow dung fertilize all types of plants in all agricultural areas. But it is necessary to use it skillfully, otherwise you can overpower the finished products with nitrates, which are contained in it in large quantities. The composition of this substrate is as follows (per 1 kg of mass):
You can not get the compost, just putting manure in a high shoulder, and waiting until he perepetre, as in the end you get an ordinary humus. In this way, only manure is usually stored. And compost is a fertilizer that is richer in nutrients, since its composition includes many components.