Quarantus - an unpretentious and very cute flower, which is better known as periwinkle pink, feels great in a garden in a flower bed, containers, and also in pots on window sills. The plant is small, compact, branched and, importantly, quickly growing and easily propagating. But in order for the carantus to please the eye with its immaculate flowering, one must still know some rules for caring for it.
The soil should be nutritious and loose.
For this it is best to take on one part of peat, humus, coarse sand, turf and leafy land. But, in general, any fertile soil for quarantus is also suitable, especially if there is no excess salt in it. For cultivation in pots, you can use the land for geraniums. The main thing is not to forget about the drainage, using small clay.
Watering and humidity.
Like all plants, Carantus Pink loves water. Therefore, it should be watered regularly, but in no case should not be poured, especially in containers or pots. Therefore, if a flower pot does not stand on a pallet with expanded clay, then it is better to pour out the excess water from the pan.
Flower growers with pink periwinkle growing in the garden are well aware that plant growth slows down in a rainy too wet summer. A flower that is poured all the time, if it grows in addition to too dense soil, may suddenly die due to rotting of the roots.
However, it should not be brought to drying the earthen coma. In some plant varieties, a lack of moisture causes leaves to curl. The leaves are curled up into tubules, and it seems that the flower has died. But do not immediately despair. Abundant watering - and after an hour, the leaves unwind again.
In order for the quarantus not to suffer from excessive moisture in rainy weather, do not plant it too crowded. It should not be too crowded to plant the plants in a container: after all, spraying is a little rain.
Every ten days, water your periwinkle with a special fertilizer containing potassium and phosphorus. Fertilizers are suitable for roses. House flower will thank you for this particularly spectacular flowering.
If the catarantus does not like too wet ground, then he, on the contrary, welcomes high humidity. Spray a flower often, in winter it is better to do it with warm water. And also, take care of ventilation.
Location and temperature.
If the quarantus grows in a house, then it must stand on a bright place. The more light, the better. In the case of a lack of lighting, the stems will be stretched, they will become thinner, the flowers will become smaller, and their number will also decrease. Eastern and western windows are great places for growing carantusians. Pink periwinkle is a native of the tropics, so it loves heat. The room temperature should not fall below 5-8 degrees. The optimum is 15-30.
On the street to the bright sun, it is better to train carantus gradually. When planting seedlings, consider: will this place be protected from the cold wind? Draft and cold wind will be able to destroy the plant.
Although pink quarantus is a distant relative of our usual periwinkle, but, unlike him, he cannot spend the winter in a flower bed in the garden. A flower growing on the street with the onset of frosts will die. Therefore, if you want to admire the same kind of carantus for the next year, you need to break the cuttings and root them, transferring them to a warm house. Even in summer, it is better to bring room quarantus to a balcony and place it in a bright place. Let him "breathe" fresh air.
Transplant and pruning - quarantine and care.
It is necessary to replant a plant often, every year, because the plant is fast-growing. Some even consider it a disadvantage. Growing in a pot plant, stretched out over the winter, every spring should be cut off to better bush. If the plant has become too stretched, disrupting the intended picture with its appearance, then it can be slightly cut off in the summer. But we must remember that the flowers on the trimmed stem will appear only after two or three weeks. The main stem will become a tree.
Although the quarantine and perennial (if growing in a house or at home), but to keep it at home for more than three years is not worth it. It is better to rejuvenate the plant by cutting. Young plants look more impressive. But, if the carantus is cut off by more than one-third, the flowers and leaves will become much smaller. (With good care, leaves reach seven centimeters, and flowers - five centimeters).
A flower planted on a flower bed should be pinned down as mercilessly as a room one once a week for a month or two. Thanks to such a merciless nip, the flowerbed will be just gorgeous. After all, the flowers appear on the tips of the stalks, in the upper leaf axils. The more stems - the more flowers. Although it must be admitted that scientists have deduced varieties in which the branching is laid genetically.
Do not forget that the plant is poisonous. Eighty alkaloids contained in pink periwinkle - this is not a joke. Skin irritation may occur, so it is better to work with gloves or to trim with small scissors.
To sum up the above:
In order for the quarantus to be beautiful and richly flowering we must do the following:
- Water moderately, but regularly (not flooding).
- Spray frequently.
- Plant the plant in loose soil in a bright place.
- Replace each year.
- Crop annually in spring.
- Fertilize three times a month in spring, summer and autumn.
If you fulfill all these simple care requirements, then the quarantus, as a very grateful plant, will surely decorate your garden and home with its flowers as a sign of gratitude for your care.
Growing quarantined seed
The seeds of the quarantine can be bought over the Internet, you can - in a regular store, and you can - collect yourself from your plant to sow them next year. But, it is necessary to honestly admit that only an experienced florist can independently collect seeds from kartntus. It is all about a temperate climate: under its conditions they are simply not tied.
But on the windowsill it is quite possible. If there is additional coverage, you can sow seeds on seedlings without waiting for spring in February. The seeds of the quarantine are not the seeds of petunia, which are difficult to discern. Compared to petunia, they are large and powerful.
Sowing depth should not be more than one and a half centimeters. First water the soil, wait until the water is absorbed, and only then proceed to the sowing of seeds. Darkness is required for seeds. Therefore, they need to cover with a dark film and patiently wait for the result of seven to ten days, if the temperature is about 23-24 degrees. When sprouts appear, the film is removed.
This is the official version of sowing seeds. But from the experience of amateur gardeners, one can conclude that even without a film, the seeds germinate well too. It is good to grow seeds in peat tablets. However, because of the small amount of soil, you need to carefully monitor the watering of the seedlings: do not overdry, do not over-wet when you remove the film.
The appeared sprouts remain at the same level for a long time - they build up their root system. But do not rush to feed sprouted plants with fertilizer. From the moment the sprouts appear before the first feeding, it should take at least two or three weeks.
The first pick is carried out if the plant already has four leaves. It is better to plant two or three plants in a pot, and then also transfer them together into open ground together so as not to disturb the root system.
If you try to divide these bushes, the woven roots will tear, and pink periwinkle suffers a very painful operation like this, and then, if it does not die, it slows down in growth for a long time. The distance between such planted groups of plants should be at least thirty centimeters.
Quarantus - "fast" flower. Therefore, by the end of the summer he will cover the ground with a flowering rug.
Reproduction of catarantus cuttings
If you do not have seeds, but there is an opportunity to get a cutting, then growing in such a vegetative way will also not be difficult. Cuttings should not be stiff. For propagation of periwinkle in a vegetative way suitable apical green cuttings. They are well rooted in water, especially if you add a few drops of a stimulant there. And you can plant the cuttings immediately in the wet sand, mixed with fertile soil. But in this case, it is better to cover them with a polyethylene bag or a regular can. Cuttings can be rooted both in the spring after pruning and in the fall, by cutting off the green shoots from a plant that grew outside. But the temperature to rooting cuttings passed successfully, must be at least twenty degrees.
Quarantus and pests - problems in cultivation.
If the periwinkle grew in the street in the summer, then before bringing the plant into the room, check whether the aphid has attacked it. Also a spider mite and a scythe can attempt on a flower. If it happened indoors, then the air for the flower is too dry. Spray the plant more often, and remove the pests with a brush dipped in alcohol and treat with special products. Not bad in this case helps the soap solution, which can also be processed leaves without harm to the plant. Also brown rust can attack the quarantined. The leaves are then covered from the bottom with pustules.
Care for quarantus - as well as for any home plant you need to watch:
- If the leaves become soft, turn yellow and die off - this means that too much direct sunlight.
- If the tips of the leaves dry and turn yellow, then the plant lacks moisture in the air. This happens in winter when the heating works.
- If the yellowed lower leaves fall off, and the rest of the foliage is bright and green, you can not be afraid - this is a natural process.
- Little flowers - cold air. The higher the temperature, the more abundant the quarantus blooms.
- If the roots cover the whole earth in a pot, the plant will no longer bloom, the leaves will dry and turn yellow.
Carantus Culture Overview
Quarantus belongs to the botanical family Kutrovye and the same genus. True, this was not always the case. For a long time, scientists attributed this flower to the genus Periwinkle (Vinca). Here played the role of an extraordinary resemblance of the reproductive organs of the two plants. Botanists were not even embarrassed by the fact that periwinkle was common on the European continent, and the quarantus was born in Madagascar. Later it turned out that, although the indicated cultures are related, but still not so much as to place them in one section of the representatives of the flora. Therefore, today our hero belongs to the genus Qarantus, since 1837.
Florists do not stop these things, and they continue to call the exotic flower Vinca. In addition, the quarantus has many other names, and, moreover, one is more beautiful than the other. Here are just a few of them: cayenne jasmine, Madagascar vinka, lochner, pink perinka. The official name of the culture is of Greek origin and is translated into Russian as “pure flower” (“catharos” is pure, “anthos” is a flower). This is no accident, since the reproductive organs of an exotic plant are actually quite pure in shades.
In addition to Madagascar, the quarantus grows on the territory of Indochina, the African continent, Indonesia, and the Philippine Islands. The life form is an evergreen shrub. Distinctive features: strong trunk, prone to branching, brilliant, sessile leaves, painted in juicy green color and having in the middle a vein of beige shade, flowers consisting of five petals, up to 5 cm in diameter with a color varying from snow-white to saturated dark- burgundy. Carantus reaches a height of not more than 0.6 m.
The genus Qarantus has 8 species. Their lion's share will grow in the wild only in Madagascar. In room conditions and those of a garden in Eurasia, only one representative of this genus is cultivated - Carantus Pink.
Cultivation Conditions Exotic Carantus
- Lighting. Quarantus develops best in places where there is enough diffused sunlight. Therefore, the flower should be placed on the east, southeast, west or southwest windows. If you cultivate exotic as a garden culture, it should grow on a plot with a limited amount of bright light. Wintering outdoors is not allowed.
- Thermal mode. Tropical plants are suitable for permanent habitat regions with a mild and warm climate. During the growing season, it requires air temperature in the range from + 20ºС to + 25ºС. In winter, the plant needs a cool content at a temperature of + 12 + 18 ºС.
- Air humidity. Like other tropical cultures, quarantus does not tolerate low moisture content in the surrounding atmosphere. To maintain a room with a high humidity flower, you should either place the plant pot in a tray filled with wet pebbles, or periodically spray the leaves of exotic water with soft water.
Quarantus, although rare, can still be damaged by insects. The owner of the flower should beware of appearing on the green pet mealybug, aphids, scythophies, as well as the whitefly. Too plentiful moistening of the soil under the exotus is capable of provoking the development of fungal diseases in the culture. The main symptom of a similar misfortune is the appearance of brown tints on the foliage of the plant. Yellowing and softening of the leaves, followed by death, indicates an excess of direct sunlight. To avoid drying of the tips of vegetative organs, increase the humidity of the air in the room with culture. Exot will not bloom profusely at low air temperatures.
One last thing: carry out all activities regarding the plant only with gloves. Quarantus is poisonous!
Memo for the care of the plant
Well-lit places are suitable for Qarantanus, but without hitting the scorching rays of the sun. An excellent option for quarantined would be eastern or western window sills.
On the south window you will definitely need shading, as the bright sun can cause burns on the leaves.
In the warm season, pink periwinkle is recommended to take out into the open air: in the garden or on the balcony. At the same time it is important to choose a shaded, protected from rainfall place.
In winter, it is recommended to rearrange the plant on the southern window sill, because due to lack of light, shoots are stretched and lose their decorative effect. At this time, additional lighting is recommended phytolamps or fluorescent lamps.
In the summertime, the quarantus will feel comfortable at 20-25 degrees. In winter, the temperature of the content should be reduced to 15-18 degrees.
Since the quarantus is a representative of the tropics, a strong drop in temperature is destructive for him. Therefore, in winter the temperature should not fall below 8 degrees.
Quarantus loves fresh air, so when the weather is warm outside, it can be carried out on the balcony, loggia or garden. It is necessary to choose a place protected from the scorching rays of the sun, rain and drafts. With the first cold snap in August, the plant should be taken back to the house.
The flower tolerates temperature fluctuations relatively normally, but it is better to provide it with the most comfortable conditions. Then he will be pleased with abundant lush flowering.
In spring and summer Quarantus requires abundant watering - 3-4 times a week. The soil in the pot should always be a little wet.
In winter The regularity of the procedure is reduced to 1 time per week. Before the next moistening, the top layer of the soil should dry well.
When watering the quarantus, balance must be maintained. For the plant is detrimental as waterlogging, fraught with root decay, and drying out of the ground, which can provoke twisting and falling leaves. Therefore, water from the pan should be poured in 20-30 minutes after watering. Do not allow the complete drying of earthen coma.
Water for irrigation should be defended for several days, it should be at room temperature.
For planting a quarantine you will need a nourishing lightweight primer. You can buy ready-made substrate for flowering plants in the store.
When preparing yourself, you should mix sand, peat, turf ground and humus in equal proportions.
Another option - turf, leaf soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 1: 2: 1: 0.5. Before planting, the mixture should be decontaminated by spilling it with a solution of potassium permanganate.
The pot must have openings for draining. At the bottom it is necessary to lay out a 4-centimeter layer of drainage.
Carantusians, grown as letniki, are fed once a week. Perennials should be fertilized every 2 weeks from March to September.. Between October and February, fertilizing is not needed.
The dose should be done 2 times weaker than indicated on the package.
Carantuses grown as letniki need more frequent fertilizing than those who plan to keep it next year.
Top dressing should be brought in the damp soil after watering. Do not exceed the fertilizer concentration indicated on the package, as this may cause a root burn.
Sometimes you can alternate mineral supplements with organic ones. В качестве последних отлично подойдет раствор золы (20 грамм на 2 литра воды). Один раз в месяц вместо корневой подкормки можно провести опрыскивание по листу. Для этого рекомендуется использовать препарат Эпин Экстра.
Quarantus prefers high environmental humidity - no less than 60%. To provide such conditions, you can use several methods:
- Place a container with water around the flower,
- In the heating season, put a damp cloth on the batteries,
- Use a humidifier
- Place the pot in a wet-filled tray - sphagnum moss, pebbles or expanded clay.
The spraying of the quarantus should be approached wisely. On the one hand, the plant loves increased humidity, on the other hand, dropping flowers on the flowers is undesirable. During flowering spraying should be done very carefully.
In winter, in a room with dry air, pink periwinkle, which is at rest, can be sprayed every day, morning or evening. For this purpose, warm distilled water and a fine-grained atomizer are used.
Trimming / Support / Garter
In the spring, before transplanting, the shoots of the plant should be shortened by 1/3. Thus the quarantine can rejuvenate and form a lush flowering shrub.
Cropped pieces of shoots of the quarantus can be used for breeding.
Pruning is necessary for the formation of a compact bush, luxuriant flowering and rejuvenation of the plant.
Quarantus grown as a perennial, it is recommended to cut in the spring, because over the winter the plant is strongly drawn out and loses its decorative appearance. Pruned shoots recommended 1/3. If the plant is strongly drawn out in summer, it is recommended that the formative pruning be done by pinching the ends of the shoots. Cropped stems will release new buds a few weeks later.
Pruned shoots can be used for propagation of periwinkle by grafting. Although the plant can be grown as a perennial in indoor conditions, it is not recommended to keep one specimen longer than 3 years.
This is explained by the fact that the lower leaves on the shoots dry out and fall off, and the flower “bald”, loses its attractiveness and decorative appearance. Young, renewed with the help of grafting, the quarantuses look much more presentable.
Brown rust can strike the quarantine, which is recognized by the presence of pustules on the back of the leaves.
Damaged parts are removed and the plant is treated with a fungicide, such as Fundazole.
Among the pests, aphid, spider mites, and scale insects are a threat to pink vinca.
Pest control can be done by mechanical removal. using a soap solution or treatment with insecticides: Aktellik, Fitoverm or Nurell-D.
Prevention of the appearance of insects is proper care, in particular, maintaining a high humidity.
As a rule, problems with quarantus arise due to improper care or unfavorable conditions of detention:
- The leaves of the plant begin to turn yellow, become soft and die off, mainly due to an overabundance of sunlight,
- If there are few buds on the quarantined, then it is cold. The higher the temperature, the greater the flowering,
- Yellowing and twisting of the leaves indicates insufficient watering,
- The stems are drawn when there is a lack of light,
- The tips of the leaves dry out due to the low humidity
- Poor growth and poor flowering indicate a lack of nutrients in the soil,
- Carantus can discard buds when there is a lack of light or moisture.
The name "Qarantus" from the Greek language is translated as "clear flower". In nature, there are 8 known species of this plant, but as a result of breeding, decorative varieties were obtained, which are widely distributed in Europe. The most common are the 4 following varieties:
- Albus - blooms with white flowers.
- Parasol - is a short representative of the species, and its flowers are white with red pigment in the center.
- Cooler - shrubs from this series have flowers of various shades of pink and red.
- Ocellatus - flowers in color are similar to Parasol, but this species is not short.
Many flower growers call catorantus cayenne jasmine, and catarantus pink call periwinkle pink. Periwinkle pink blooms a very beautiful deep crimson color and is one of the most popular varieties of this plant.
This amazing flower is able to grow in open ground and in pots as an indoor flower. Depending on the method of cultivation are determined and features of plant care.
This plant is unsafe, it contains alkaloids and can cause severe poisoning and an allergic reaction. Therefore, it is necessary to handle the flower with care, it is also not recommended to plant it in places where young children and animals walk.
Growing from seed
Growing pink periwinkle (as well as other varieties of this plant) is performed by the seedling method. As you know, the cararantus is considered a perennial flower, but due to its natural thermophilicity, it does not survive the winter, and the seeds do not have time to ripen. Therefore, some gardeners prefer to purchase them again, and some dig a bush and send them to a warm room for wintering.
As a rule, sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in late winter - early spring. Seeds are pre-soaked in a solution of manganese. The solution is prepared based on 1 liter of cool water 2 g of manganese. Before you carry out the procedure, the seeds are pre-wrapped in gauze, folded in half. The procedure itself lasts no more than 40 minutes. After soaking, the seeds are opened and left to dry on gauze for 2 hours. The main thing - do not leave them in the scorching sun, otherwise they will burn.
Next, seeds are sown to a depth of 2 cm in a shallow box, the substrate should be loose with nutrients and good air and moisture conductivity. The box is left in the room at a temperature of 25 ° C, previously covered with glass.
Quarantus is a spectacular evergreen tropical flower, also known to Russian florist as periwinkle pink. It is not as common as petunia or nasturtium, but in terms of the abundance of flowering it is not inferior to these crops. In this article, we will discuss the cultivation of quarantus from seeds in open ground, reproduction by cuttings, and which additional fertilizer and fertilizer it is best to use.
The origin and general characteristics of the quarantine
Botanical genus Qaranthus belongs to the Kutov family and consists of eight species. Seven of them are considered endemics of the island of Madagascar, and one comes from India. In a culture cultivated only - Madagascar periwinkle pink (Catharanthus roseus).
It is noteworthy that this plant is valued not only by growers, but also by herbalists. In herbal medicine, periwinkle is used as a strong anticarcinogenic agent.
Cultural quarantus is a highly branched herbaceous shrub. Shoots up to 60 cm, branched at the top. Leaves lanceolate, large, glossy, dark green. Five-petalled flowers, with a flat rim, about 3 cm in diameter, arranged in the axils of the upper leaves in small inflorescences. Quarantus is characterized by prolonged extended bloom - from June to October.
The shape of the flower carantus resembles phlox.
Quarantines in the room and in the open field
Under room conditions, the quaranth is able to demonstrate continuous, almost year-round flowering. Of course, it costs the plant dearly, and it is quickly depleted, losing attractiveness. On this basis, it is rather difficult to decide where it is better to grow periwinkle. Some flower growers prefer something in between: they grow catarantus in containers, which they put in the street in the summer, and in the fall they send them for “wintering”.
Tip # 1. If the house has small children or pets, with the cultivation of quarantus you need to be more careful. The leaves of this plant contain alkaloids that can cause severe poisoning.
Periwinkle pink: a brief description of the plant
Decorative shrubs belonging to the family Kutrovye - this is characteristic of quarantus. The flowers of the plant are distinguished by a wheel-shaped corolla with 5 petals, 3 cm in diameter. They have a tremendous resemblance to the flowers of phlox. Their distinctive feature is that they are not collected in inflorescences.
Mostly pink has a carantus. The colors of his hybrids may be of a different color. The most amazing of them is the blue-violet color.
Quarantus is a plant with a maximum height of 60 cm. It is distinguished by upright stems and long dark green leaves (7 cm). They are shiny and have white midrib in the middle. Flowering period: from early May to early October.
Quarantus: home care
Fans of this plant, who are going to grow it, it is important to follow some rules to grow a wonderful and healthy carantus. Care at home is in compliance with the following recommendations, tips:
- Lighting. The plant prefers diffused light, although it will take root well on the windowsill. It is only important not to forget to protect it from the direct rays of the sun in the morning. In winter it is also necessary to provide a warm place for carantus In case of poor lighting, the plant will be stalked upwards.
- Temperature. The ideal temperature for periwinkle pink in summer is a maximum of 25 degrees Celsius. In winter, this figure is only 16 degrees.
- Watering. Strongly recommended to bring to drying carantus. At home it is necessary to provide the plant three times a day watered. If the periwinkle rose is excessively consumed, there is a risk that the plant roots will rot. Therefore, after 15 minutes after irrigation, it is important to drain the water from the pan.
- Pruning - is an important step in the life of such a plant as quarantus. Care in the home in this direction should be carried out each spring.
- Fertilization. Feed the plant preferably three times a year: in summer, spring and autumn.
Compliance with the above recommendations will provide a quarantous fresh, healthy and lovely look.
Quarantus: growing and care
Propagate periwinkle pink in two ways:
Particular attention should be paid to the preparation of the soil. For her, an excellent option would be a mixture of peat, humus, sod land and coarse sand. Each component is taken in the same amount.
Pot for planting is recommended to take with a hole. It is also important not to forget about the drainage, which can serve as stones, pebbles or expanded clay. This solution will remove excess water and prevent rotting of the roots. To prevent the hole from clogging, it must be cleaned regularly.
Spring is the perfect time to transplant the plant. Some recommendations on this issue:
- The pot is selected several sizes larger than the old one.
- Capacity for planting is important to disinfect, at least pour boiling water.
- The roots of the quarantined are too tender, so it is very important not to damage them.
- The root system before transplanting must be carefully examined to determine the dead roots. In case of their detection, it is necessary to remove this area (4 cm above the sore part). It is also advisable to disinfect the blade or scissors in order to avoid infecting another part of the root system.
- The wound is sprinkled on the root with a piece of charcoal.
These 5 rules for successful quarantine transplantation are fundamental to this process.
Problems with growing periwinkle pink
Pests that encroach on this plant are aphids, scutes, and spider mites. Therefore, taking quarantus from the garden to the house, it is important to carefully inspect the plant for the detection of these “enemies”. In the event that they do exist, it is necessary to act as follows:
- take a brush, moisten it with alcohol, then gently remove pests,
- process the leaves with soapy water.
If the plant does not provide reliable care, then soon the quarantus may have problems, such as:
- yellowing and dying off of leaves (from direct sunlight),
- observing the tendency to reduce flowers - the air in the room is too cold,
- yellowing of the tips of the leaves - insufficient moisture in the air.
It should also be remembered that the plant must be transplanted on time, otherwise it will completely cease to bloom.
Care for the Quarantus
In order to grow in your garden a healthy plant you need to observe the finer points of care. Everyone respects exotic flowers. In this article, the editors intended to lay out a lot of secrets in order to avoid disease when breeding a rare plant. The secrets of the content of most color classes are no different. Every living thing requires a painstaking approach. It seems correct to clarify for useful procedures, to which family the acquired plant belongs.
Quarantus - growing and care
Perennial plants - one of the most common options for landscaping rooms and gardens. This is not surprising, because, planting perennials, you get rid of the need to annually purchase seeds and sow them, waiting - will they sprout?
In this article we will talk about quarantus, planting and caring for this plant.
Quarantus in the garden
Qatarantus belongs to the botanical family of kutrovyh and is an evergreen perennial up to one and a half meters. The leaves are shiny, smooth, dark green color, abundant bloom, the flowers resemble periwinkle. This external similarity was the reason that for quite a long time, scientists considered carantus related to periwinkle and called it "wine" or "periwinkle pink."
It is difficult to determine the homeland of the quarantus, as it is widely distributed in the wild in Africa, India, Cuba, Madagascar, the island of Java and the Philippines.
Quarantus on a bed can be grown only in regions with a mild warm climate. Of course, you can plant it in the garden and in mid-latitudes, but the quarantus in the open field will not be able to winter.
There are the following methods of propagation of quarantus: growing from seed, dividing the bush, grafting.
Adult plants propagate during spring transplantation, simply dividing the bush into several parts and planting each of them separately.
The cutting is also carried out in the spring, dropping into the soil the branches remaining after pruning.
With proper care at home, quarantus often forms fruits and seeds. The collected seeds are suitable for sowing.
Crops karantusa best done in the spring. Seeds before planting should be treated with a solution of potassium permanganate and dry a little (to flowability). the seeds are not large and should not be deeply embedded. Capacity with crops covered with glass and put in a bright warm (+ 25-30 ° C) place. The first shoots appear in 20-22 days. As required, the seedlings dive.
Remember that carantus is poisonous, which means that when growing this plant, you must take precautions - cut and replace it should be in gloves, after working with caratrantus, wash hands with soap and water thoroughly. And of course, you need to carefully ensure that the flower is in a place inaccessible to children or pets.
General Information on Quarantus
caranthus (catharanthus), family kutrovy. Other names: periwinkle, vinka
The number of. In nature, only 5 species are common.
Place of origin. Homeland - tropical rain forests, mostly about. Madagascar.
Using. flowering, pot.
The size of the plant. 35-70 cm tall.
Growth: very fast.
Pests and diseases of the quarantine
Most often it is affected by the shield and spider mite. Contributes to the appearance of pests too dry air in the room. If the quarantus is kept outside in the summer, it may be attacked by aphids. In this case, you need to conduct an inspection and preventive treatment before placing the plant in the room.