For many lovers of country life, flowers in the country house become the main interest. Vegetables can be bought. But the flowers - this is a special joy. Now there is such a variety of seeds, seedlings that you can grow everything that your soul and eyes like.
If you like heather plants, try to grow calcium.
It should be noted that narrow-leaved calcium can grow in the middle lane in the open field. With proper preparation for wintering, the calmia narrow-leaved in spring pleases its owners.
Kalmiya broadleaf suitable for growing indoors. Apartment, office, insulated loggia - all of them are suitable for growing such calcium in a container.
An important feature of calcium is that it needs acidic soil.
How to prepare a place for planting calcium
The width of the pit should be 60-70 cm, and a depth of 30-40 cm. And this is on condition that the soil in the pit is loose, permeable, with good aeration, acidic. If the soil on the site is heavy and clayey, then the pit should be 20 cm deep, but very wide (90-100 cm), the soil pH is 3.5-5.
The composition of the soil can be from different components. For example, two parts of sour peat and one part of sawdust and sand. Possible options. In the soil mixture it would be good to add 200 g of complete mineral fertilizer and 50 g of sulfur.
Kalmya seedling must be held in a container of water. Let the clod of earth become completely wet. Having placed a sapling in a pit, it is necessary to fill in the prepared soil. It should be slightly compacted and in small portions pour water under a bush. If you make a roller around the perimeter of the crown, the water will not spread and the soil will quickly become saturated with moisture. As needed, planted bushes should be watered with a small amount of water: 2-3 liters.
Mulching for calcium is necessary. The root system of this plant is usually located close to the soil surface, so loosening can damage the roots. And the mulching does not allow the soil to dry up, thicken.
The annual autumn mulching with a layer of sawdust of 6-7 cm will improve the overwintering of calcium. Speaking of overwintering, it makes sense to say that at the beginning of winter it would be good to install a skeleton over calmia, cover it with lutrasil and throw it with lapnik.
When the plants bloom, there will be new worries. First of all, watering. It is during the flowering of calcium that abundant watering is required. If the weather is hot and dry, the bushes should be sprayed.
With watering everything is not as simple as it might seem at first glance. This is the case when it is necessary to take into account the pH of the water so that there is no alkalization of the soil, the pH of the water should not be higher than 4-5 units.
If the soil becomes alkaline, the calcium is deficient in nitrogen. The leaves turn yellow, dry up. And then the whole plant dies.
What can acidify water?
1. One ml of sulfuric acid in a bucket of water.
2. 3-4 g of oxalic acid per bucket of water. You can use acetic or citric acid too.
If you are ready for such feats for the sake of flowering bushes of calcium, go for it. Beauty is worth the labor.
In preparing the text used materials of the Belarusian magazine "Flower".
Shrub General Information
The charming branchy shrub has unusual oblong lanceolate leaves. Their length reaches up to 6 cm. From above they are green, and from below a bluish ebb is seen. Their tips are pointed, which resembles bay leaves.
With the onset of the summer season, delicate cupped flowers appear on numerous stalks. They are:
Interestingly, the buds are collected in small umbellate bouquets. Each of them reaches a diameter of 1 cm. When the shrub blossoms, a huge number of such delicate inflorescences appear on it. In this photo, the calcium is striking in its charm and beauty.
There are many different varieties of overseas shrubs that grow well in Russia. Many of them are quite winter-hardy, therefore they are used in summer cottages and in the Moscow region. One of these varieties is broadleaved calcium.
Description of the famous view
This type of calcium is a wide-spread plant, reaching a height of about 3 meters.
In the natural environment there are trees of calcium, which grow up to 12 m in height. At the same time, they are distinguished by a wide and branched crown. In the suburban areas are most commonly used shrubs.
The height of broad-leaved kalmia in the Moscow region reaches an average of about 80 cm. During the year it grows by 2 cm.
The leaves of the plant are elliptical, lanceolate. Outwardly, they resemble leaves of laurel tree. Their average length is from 10 cm to 50. The upper plate is painted in dark green color, the lower part - with a yellowish tinge.
Particularly distinguished saucer-shaped flowers, collected in umbrella inflorescences. The color of delicate buds is most often pink. Inside each flower are dark anthers, which are involved in the reproduction of the plant. During the flowering period of the shrub, the buds cover almost the entire crown of calcium.
If you carefully consider the individual flowers, they look like miniature porcelain cups.
The diameter of such a work of art is only 2.5 cm. The plant begins to bloom in the last month of spring or early summer. After that, fruits appear in the form of elegant boxes, tightly filled with seeds. By mid-autumn, they fully mature.
As biological studies show, flower buds form a whole year before the start of flowering. Therefore, it is not necessary to worry in vain if the young plant did not bloom immediately after planting.
There are some features of planting broad-leaved calcium and caring for it.
If you want to quickly dissolve the shrub in the garden, it is advisable to plant it in the spring. To do this, you can purchase seedlings that are grown in pots.
Plants should have leaves of dark green color, which indicates its vitality. If they are located only on the tips of the shoots, it means that the calcium is damaged, or the fallen root system.
The most suitable place for shrubs is a semi-shaded area in the country. It can be planted next to a tall tree, which will provide the plant with ideal conditions for growth.
Acidic soil with good water permeability is suitable for planting broad-leaved Kalmi. It may be sandy soil, fertilized with humus.
Immediately before planting the seedling in the hole, it is desirable to put peat. So the plant will receive a sufficient amount of useful minerals for growth.
Due to the fact that the root system of calcium is located close to the surface of the soil, it is not necessary to plant other plants next to it. They can stifle it, which will lead to disease or complete drying.
When caring for shrubs, you should follow these rules:
- Top dressing. Three times per season, the soil around the plant must be fed. In the spring, you can use a solution of urea (30 grams per 8 liters of fluid). In the autumn, mineral fertilizers are scattered under the bushes. When the plant is actively developing, the root system can be fertilized with slurry. For this, one part of the manure is diluted with 15 parts of water. Then, bushes are watered with this solution.
- Watering. To shrub well developed, it is necessary to provide competent watering. It is a moderate distribution of moisture under the bush. It is important that the soil dries out a little before the next watering. When preparing a shrub for wintering, it should be plentifully filled with water and mulched with bark and peat.
- Regular care of the branches. As soon as spring comes, the bushes of calcium should be cleaned from dry branches and inflorescences. Cut the plant is not necessary, since it always has a beautiful crown.
- Soil loosening. As a result of abundant spring precipitation, the soil under the bush hardens. Therefore, it is necessary to gently fluff the ground. Due to this, the roots receive oxygen, and the plant develops well.
In addition to the broad-leaved kalmia there are other types of shrubs. Consider some of them.
This type of shrub grows up to 1.5 m in height. Also known and dwarf varieties growing to 40 cm.
The leaves of the plant are lanceolate oblong, about 6 cm long. Their upper part is colored green, and the lower part has a bluish tinge.
Narrow-leaved kalmia is distinguished by amazing cup-shaped inflorescences. Almost always they are pink, and only occasionally - white. Buds are collected in umbellate inflorescences. Each bud in diameter reaches approximately 1 cm. In general, the inflorescences have a chic appearance, especially when they are blooming simultaneously. Therefore, we can safely say that calcium is a real natural masterpiece at the dacha.
Decorative narrow-leaved shrubs began to breed since 1736 outside of Russia. Only a century later, the evergreen shrub was brought to Moscow. Since 1988, the plant grows in the Botanical Garden. There she blooms every year and pleases the eye for a whole month.
This variety of evergreen plant has a compact crown, raised up. The original lanceolate leaves of the multi-leafed calcium are painted in a dark blue-green color.
Buds appear on shoots in late April or early May. In form, they resemble miniature bells, which are collected in exquisite bouquets. Flowers are painted in pink color that looks original against the background of green leaves.
Competent planting of calcium and caring for a plant requires the following requirements:
- land only in loose drained soil,
- prevent stagnation of fluid
- during drought, water 1 time in 2 weeks with plenty of water (up to 10 liters per bush),
- if necessary, watering carried out in the morning or in the evening,
- timely fertilizer contributes to the rapid growth of shrubs.
These types of calcium multiply in two ways: by means of seeds and by separating the roots from the main plant. Choosing the appropriate option, you should consider your capabilities.
One of the simple methods of breeding calcium is the use of root shoots. For this, the offsprings are planted in containers, where they develop over 3 years. When the plant turns into a full-fledged sapling, it is transferred to the garden plot. There he occupies his honorable permanent place, where he will serve for many years to adorn the front garden.
In order to grow calcium from seeds, planting material should be collected on time. The most suitable period is the middle of autumn. After collecting the seeds, they must be dried and stored in a dry place.
For better germination, seeds are kept in the cold for about 2.5 months, and only then they are sown.
Sown in special containers of calcium, will ascend after 30 days. At first they grow very slowly, but with patience, we will receive a reward. When they grow to 4 cm, seedlings can dive, if necessary.
After 2 years, the seedlings begin to feed mineral fertilizers. Because of this, they will start to grow faster. When young Calmia begin to branch, it is better to transplant them into new containers, where they will be up to 5 years of life. Then the seedlings are planted in a permanent place in the garden. And then they will become the gentle charm of the summer cottage in the Moscow region.
Depending on the species, these shrubs grow from 40 cm to 2.5 m. There are many flowers, and they are 1-3 cm in size. Petals are white, pink, purple, and some have two-colored ones.
Lanceolate leaves have a length of 2-15 cm. They are dense and spirally arranged along the stem. Leaves vary with a frequency of 2 years.
Rules for the purchase of seedlings
It is best to buy seedlings from trusted suppliers who have been selling plants for many years - they will not risk their reputation and will not offer low-quality shrubs.
Saplings should have dark green leaves. Plants whose leaves are only at the ends of branches, it is better not to buy - this means that they have fallen roots, and they will grow poorly. Saplings must be sold in containers. There should be no damage on the leaves and branches.
Stepwise landing process
Favorable time for planting shrubs is spring. After selecting a place, it is necessary to dig a hole, which will be 2 times the root ball of the plant. When planting several plants, it is necessary to adhere to the distance between them not less than 80 cm.
Next you need to get the calcium from the container and straighten the roots. A small amount of earth is poured at the bottom of the pit. Full mineral fertilizer can be applied to the soil. The shrub should be planted at the same depth as it grew in the container.
Next, the hole must be covered with earth. The soil must be well compacted around the plant and watered. It is recommended to mulch the soil with bark - this will help retain moisture and retard the growth of weeds.
Use in landscape design
Calmium is often used for landscaping. They are valued for beautiful flowering and for the fact that they retain their decorative effect all year round. These plants are decorated with gardens, ponds, stone gardens, rock gardens. These shrubs are evergreen and have dark foliage, so they look good in compositions. The main thing - to choose the right neighbors. Kalmiya grows well with heather, fern, and rhododendrons. The plant also develops well along with hornholes.
Watering, weeding and loosening
The plant can tolerate temporary drought. But for full flowering it is necessary to water the bush in hot time 1 time in 2 weeks, using 10 liters of water for each plant.
To loosen the soil around the calcium is necessary after watering, so that no earth crust is formed. This should be done carefully so as not to damage the roots. You also need to weed the ground as weeds appear.
From April to mid-June, they fertilize the plant 2-3 times. In the spring of 30 g of urea is diluted in 8 liters of water and fed shrubs. During active growth, it is necessary to dilute the slurry 1:15 and use 3-5 liters for each bush. Calcium can also be fed fertilizer for rhododendrons.
Calmia needs sanitary pruning. Remove broken and dead branches. Thickened bushes are recommended to ventilate, thinning them slightly.
Disease and Pest Resistance
This shrub is very resistant to pests and diseases. Very rarely, if improperly watered plants, they can be affected by fungal diseases. With a local lesion, diseased leaves are removed and burned.
If the fungus has engulfed many parts of the shrub, then it is recommended that Calmate be sprayed with a solution of “Benlate” or another fungicide with the same method of action.