On their garden plots, many people are enthusiastically engaged in the design of flower beds. Blooming multicolored flower beds adorn these gardens. To date, many plant varieties are available for planting.
It is important to make the right choice of plants for the site and take full care of them. Among the large number of flower species, there are those that do not need very careful care and watering.
What are these flowers and their photos?
Marigold is an herbaceous ornamental plant of the Aster family, or Compositae. The Latin name of these plants is Tagetes, they are also called Chernobrivtsy or, thanks to the English, marigold (“Mary's Gold”). Their velvety flowers are yellow, orange or red-brown. They have a developed root system and strong upright stems.
Their leaves are all tones of green. Depending on the species and varietal accessories bushes are both low and high, ranging in height from 20 cm to 2 meters. There are marigolds from America, from where in the 16th century conquistadors were brought to Spain. Then they spread in Europe, Russia, Asia Minor and other countries, almost all over the world. There are about 53 species of these plants.
Now marigolds are the permanent inhabitants of most of the garden plots of Russia and Ukraine. This flower is very beautiful and unpretentious, so even beginners can grow it. Also, in addition to decorative purposes, they are used as a medicinal plant and spice. In folk medicine, flowers are suitable for improving digestion and immunity.
This is how marigold flowers look:
The necessary conditions
Marigolds prefer fertile light soils with low and medium PH. In general, the soil they are picky.
For marigolds on the site should be warm and sunny, while they can tolerate drought and partial shade. But they are afraid of frosts. With a cold snap, the trunk and foliage turn black and cannot recover anymore.
Can grow along the roads, as well tolerated exhaust gases. Long rains have a bad effect on the state of these flowers, because they originally come from arid areas. The period of their flowering lasts from June to late autumn.
If it is not possible to grow seedlings, flower seeds are sown directly in the ground. It is better to do it in the middle or at the end of May. Make a furrow depth of 5 cm, shed it with water, sow the seeds and sprinkle with earth. In a couple of weeks sprouts will appear. The marigolds will bloom by mid-summer. It should be planted in the sun. Borders can be made of them and planted along the beds, as they deter pests.
How to care for Montenegrin at home?
Seeds for sowing can be taken from a faded bud or bought in a store. The soil needs to be heated. Land for growing mixed with sand.
In the hot season they need to be watered every day. At another time as the soil dries. The marigolds tolerate drought well, but their appearance will be spoiled. The plant will grow better and bloom if the soil is regularly loosened. In this case, the root system will be provided with moisture and oxygen.
Buds that wilted gently removed. This gives room for new ones.
Since the soil in the pot is quickly depleted, the plant needs feeding. Mineral fertilizers for this can be found in specialized stores.
Lack of flowering can cause an abundance of fertilizer and a large amount of moisture, as well as drought, lack of air in the soil or lack of natural light. Often the plant gives all its strength to the development of green mass and the ovary is absent. To activate flowering:
- The sun's rays make flowering lush. But the lighting, however, should be in moderation. Morning and evening light activates flowering. At hot noon the bush can be covered with agrofibre, creating an artificial shadow.
- It is necessary to monitor the watering. When the first buds are formed, the amount of watering decreases. Excessive moisture provokes the formation of rot and prevents flowering. It is advisable to water the flowers every 2 days with warm water.
- Fertilizers. Feed the bush only when the stem is larger than 10 cm in size. Complex fertilizers are applied only before or after the flowering process. Clean and fresh humus is not used. A mixture of nitrogen, potassium, phosphorus and trace elements is added.
- Air. The soil is loosened and weeded after each watering. Also, the soil is covered with hay and sawdust, it will reduce the evaporation of moisture.
Pests and diseases
The fragrant aroma of marigolds and their root secretions protects against fusarium and other fungal diseases for both the flowers themselves and for everything that grows nearby. Therefore, many grow these flowers throughout the site. The health of marigolds is highly dependent on their care.
- In dryness a spider mite may appear (sprinkling and spraying act against it).
- From dampness fungus and decay (treated by drying and heat).
- From low temperature, humidity and too thick planting on the stems gray mold can appear in the form of dark brown wet spots.
Marigolds are the most popular flowers among gardeners. Marigolds are planted almost anywhere, except for water bodies and dense shade. These flowers can be planted edges, for example, beds with vegetables.
In addition to their decorative function, they also protect everything that grows around them from fungal diseases. For them, moderate sunlight, sparse watering, loose soil and the use of mineral fertilizers are important.
Marigolds can be both annual and perennial plants. Their homeland is considered to be South America. Presented in the form of a bush with a height of 30 to 130 cm, consisting of erect sufficiently strong stems. The root system of the plant is fibrous, the leaves are pinnately dissected.
Marigolds bloom with luxurious round baskets of various shades of orange, yellow and brown.
Remarkably, plant seeds can produce self-seeding and retain their germination for several years.
Marigolds - very unpretentious planttherefore, it is possible to grow them not only at home, but also in open ground.
Since the marigolds are well tolerated by cold and even frost, they can be planted immediately to a permanent place, without sheltering, because young sprouts of marigolds do not need protection at all.
Determining the optimal time for planting, you should be guided solely by weather conditions: when planted in open ground, the air temperature at night should be above +5if plants “live” at home, they can plant throughout the spring.
When growing marigolds at home, provide the plants with enough sunlight. Immediately after sowing / planting, marigolds should receive not only natural, but also, if necessary, additional lighting. They are very fond of sunshine, so do not be afraid to leave the plant in the open sun: it will only be happy for this and will surely respond with lush flowering.
Marigold loves nutritious light neutral groundtherefore, it is desirable to plant in such a soil. If it is not as fertile as necessary, it will be necessary to increase the number of feedings.
Since in most cases marigolds are annual, after the end of flowering, they are simply pulled out of the ground. If you want to use them for growing next year, carefully collect the seeds and leave them in storage (with the arrival of spring you can plant them again).
At home, it is best to cultivate the marigold seed method. For this, first of all, you need to collect seeds from previous plants: you will need a flowering bud (or you can buy ready-made seeds).
- The soil for sowing seeds must be thoroughly heated. First, mix it with a small amount of sand and pour it into a container for growing (it must have a drainage layer). Put it in a very warm place (you can even have a battery) for a good warm-up.
- Before sowing, seeds are soaked for 15 minutes in a weak manganese solution, and then dried thoroughly.
- In the heated ground, small grooves are made with a depth of about 1 cm. Seeds are sown at a distance of about 2-3 cm from each other. Since the seeds are very small, you should gently sprinkle them on the ground and sprinkle them with water from a spray bottle. Then cover the pot with plastic wrap and place it on the window sill in a room with a temperature of at least +22 degrees.
- In a few days, the first shoots should appear. Immediately after that, you can remove the film and rearrange the pots in a cooler place with a temperature of about +18 to strengthen the young seedlings.
- When the height of the marigolds reaches 4 cm, it is possible to pick them into separate pots. Immediately after transplanting plants gently watered with warm water.
- A couple of days after transplantation, be sure to feed young plants with minerals (root dressing), and after a couple of days - with fertilizer for the green part of the plant. Before the appearance of the first flower ovaries try to periodically spray the seedlings with warm water.
How to grow marigolds from seeds in open ground or in pots at home, you can learn here, and from this article you will learn about when and how to plant seeds for seedlings, and then plant in your summer cottage.
In order for the marigolds to delight you with their beautiful flowering, it is necessary to provide them with proper care, which is most often represented by the following procedures:
- Watering. Watering should be of high quality and regular. If the plant is grown at home, you should water it daily (in especially hot weather - twice a day) but you should not fill it with an earthy lump so that there is water. During the flowering period, watering stops, otherwise it is possible to provoke rotting of the root system, which will lead to the death of the plant.
- Feeding. Since the soil in pots and any other closed containers is quickly depleted, it is necessary to provide the plant with high-quality, timely top dressing (you can find out how to feed marigolds for abundant flowering here). Marigolds respond well to complex fertilizers for flowering plants. The first time the fertilizer is applied when the plant reaches 10 cm in height, the second time - when the first buds appear and, finally, the last time - with the beginning of flowering.
- Ground treatment. The marigold root system loves to "breathe", so it is important to provide access to the roots of the oxygen plant. To do this, at least once a week, loosen the top layer of soil in a pot with a small spatula, chopsticks or a cultivator. Believe me, the plant will respond only positively: it will start to grow faster and, possibly, will bloom earlier.
- Crop. If the bush grows bulky enough, you can prune some stems, giving the plant the desired decorative appearance. It is also desirable to promptly remove faded blossoms: this will stimulate the rapid emergence of new ones.
On the proper care and planting marigolds in open ground, read here, and from this article you will learn about
features of growing marigolds in pots or drawers at home.
Diseases and pests, possible problems
Marigolds very rarely get sick, but in some cases they may still be adversely affected by pests or various ailments (how to detect the disease and pests of the Barkhais and how to treat a bush, read here). So, the plant can strike gray rot, having revealed in the form of a white raid on stalks and leaves, turning in time into gray fluffy spots. To fight the disease is extremely difficult. The simplest option is to immediately remove diseased plants so that they do not infect the rest.
In very dry summers a spider mite can appear on the marigolds. You can eliminate it by spraying the plant periodically with onion or pepper vodka (an infusion of red hot pepper). To avoid the appearance of a pest on marigolds, it is possible, at least several times a week, to increase the level of humidity in the room with marigolds (spray water from a spray bottle near the plants).
It is also important to properly care for the plant in order to avoid possible problems.
Do not "overfeed" marigolds in the spring, combining this process with rather high temperatures in the room: this can lead to a rapid growth of green mass and poor flowering.
That's all the subtleties that you should know for growing marigolds at home. Follow the simple rules of care, and you can grow a strong healthy plant. Good luck!
Description and features of the plant
Tagetes (marigolds, Chernobrivtsy, lights) are bushes that can reach up to 130 cm in height. Leaves pinnate-separated or pinnately-excised, in various shades of green. The plant blooms from early summer until the first frost. His flowers are large, yellow, orange or with a brown tint.
In addition to decorating the beds, marigolds have many useful properties:
- their smell scares off insect pests,
- lutein, which is contained in flowers, reduces the likelihood of developing cataracts and improves visual acuity,
- infusion of flowers marigold relieves inflammation of internal organs, relieves stress,
- dried raw materials are seasoning for food.
Planting marigolds in open ground and caring for them is a simple task. It is enough to buy seeds 1 time, and then you can collect them from adult plants. If you do not take part in the reproduction of taggetes, new flowers will sprout independently from the seeds.
Rules for planting in open ground
Seeds of marigolds can be purchased in the store or collected from the plants you like, which have already faded. In the future, they remove their boxes, which are formed on the site of flowers. Next, they must be dried and stored at room temperature until spring.
Planting marigolds in open ground and care for them does not require prior preparation. Seeds can be planted in one of the ways:
- Dry seeds are placed in previously prepared and watered furrows with a depth of not more than 3 cm at a distance of 5-10 cm from each other.
- Seeds can be germinated 2-3 days before planting. They are soaked for 10 minutes, then left in any container and cover with a napkin with water. When the first shoots appear, they are transferred to the bed in the same way as the dry seeds.
Marigolds protect nearby plants from insect pests
When planting marigolds in open ground depends on the region and the type of soil. In any case, it is better to plant them in spring, after warming, so that the seeds do not freeze and rot over the winter. The sooner they are planted, the sooner they will rise and begin to bloom. The flowering period lasts until the first frost.
Planting marigolds in open ground in autumn is not always possible. They will survive the winter only in the southern regions, where there is no severe frost. In addition, these plants quickly absorb moisture and can rot when a large amount of snow melts.
Planting marigold seeds in open ground and caring for them does not seem difficult even for novice gardeners. The main thing is to remember that the plant is very thermophilic, and make sure that the soil has warmed up before planting. Planting marigolds and care in the open field with frosts is not always possible. In cold regions they are propagated by seedlings. Seeds are germinated at home or in a greenhouse, and transferred to the street only when the soil warms up.
Plants require frequent and abundant watering. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that the soil remains loose and permeable to air. Otherwise, individual inflorescences and leaves will begin to rot. They must be carefully removed with scissors and the soil loosened.
Tagetes grows well in any light. The difference is that in open, lighted areas, the bushes will reach maximum height, and the flowers will be larger. In the shade marigolds will grow low, but they will not lose their beneficial properties.
Marigolds grow on any type of soil. They can be planted even on depleted or sandy areas, but on condition of additional feeding. For these purposes, suitable organic fertilizer - compost or humus.
Diseases of the marigolds
Chernobrivtsy very resistant to pests. Phytoncides, which they secrete, scare away insects, protecting not only these plants, but also neighboring ones. For infectious and fungal diseases, they also retain immunity.
The variety of varieties allows you to create whole compositions of Chernobrivtsev.
There are several dangers to which these flowers are exposed:
- In the period of prolonged drought - spider mite. To get rid of it, plants are pollinated with a solution of colloidal sulfur or use it for fumigation.
- With abundant watering flowers attract slugs. To combat them, it is enough to place containers with bleach between the beds of the beds.
Diseases of marigolds in the open field can be easily avoided. If you control the soil moisture and pay attention to the pest invasion in time, Chernobrivtsy will grow tall and healthy. Их цветки будут украшать грядки и лечить владельца от множества разных заболеваний, а растения на соседних грядках окажутся под надежной защитой от насекомых.
Уход за бархатцами
Marigolds can grow in shade and partial shade, but will bloom more luxuriously in the sunniest places. The main thing that they were not too wet and dark. Before germination, a temperature of 22-25 ° C is desirable. With a cold wind, flowers need protection. The soil should be well hydrated during growth. Care for flowers evenly, without any special sorting. Of all the marigolds, the most unpretentious - rejected, take root in any soil and will bloom profusely even without fertilizer. If you want to feed, then do it no more than once a month, otherwise the bush will grow rapidly and will not bloom for a long time.
During growth, watering should be moderate, and later it will need to be reduced so that there is no stagnant moisture, from which the plants get sick, rot and do not bloom. In the summer heat is better to water in the evenings. Marigolds may well live without supplements, but will respond very gratefully to them. Fertilizers are applied three times: when the seedlings grow to 10 cm, when the first buds appear and by the beginning of flowering. You can use complex fertilizers.
Weed regularly and loosen the soil, as the marigolds like loose soil and must breathe. Summer pruning - it will help to form a lush beautiful bushes. They bloom stronger if you remove the flowering inflorescences.
In the autumn after withering and drying they are removed from the garden bed.
Marigolds can grow great in a pot. For this purpose, plant them in the fall, and then the bush will bloom until spring.
Marigold and landscape design
You can plant marigolds on almost any place, except near water bodies and in thick shadow. Depending on the shape of the bush (spherical, compact, inverted pyramid) and the height of the stems (20-120 cm), try to plant the lowest-growing border around the edges, and the taller ones closer to the center of the bed, so that all the flowers are clearly visible in the flower garden. According to the color palette, the flower bed can be almost monochromatic (for example, all shades are yellow-golden) or contrast (red-white, brown-yellow). From summer to autumn, the flowers will not lose their decorative effect, because dried inflorescences will hide under blossoming.
The usual problem of all lovers is to plant the land with their favorite fruits and vegetables to the maximum and there is enough space for flowers. So, marigolds can be planted around the perimeter, even the beds with potatoes or any other vegetables. It will be cute and fun!
Types of marigolds
Almost 60 species of marigolds are known to professional gardeners. Of these, in our area only three are considered the most popular: erect, rejected and fine-leaved. In America, they not only adorn garden beds, but are also used in medicine. In some countries, they make a popular seasoning - Imereti saffron (the leaves have a specific spicy, fragrant aroma).
Flowers by analogy with chamomile can be simple, semi-double and double, resembling a clove. Dark green leaves are no less beautiful than flowers, which can stand for a long time in cut water.
African marigolds upright (Tagetes erecta)
Annual plant. The bush has a distinct main shoot, it can be compact or spreading. Stems strongly branched, up to 1.2 m high, branched, fine finned with large inflorescences-baskets up to 13 cm in diameter on long peduncles. Inflorescence monophonic yellow shades or two-color. Blooms in late June - early July.
Marigolds french rejected, small flowers (Taget es patula)
Annual with straight branched stems, linear-lanceolate pointed-serrated leaves. Heads of inflorescences of medium size sit on thickened legs. Leaves grow together. Blooms in the second half of July.
Marigold Mexican thin-leaved (Tagetes tenuifolia)
Annual, low compact shrub 20-40 cm tall, densely branched with small leaves. Small baskets of inflorescences are simple, they sit on short peduncles, collected in corymbose inflorescences of yellow or yellow-orange shades.
Aniseed marigolds (Tagetes anisala)
The stem, leaves and flowers have the smell and taste of tarragon, while much nicer and stronger. The aroma is heard even at a considerable distance. Blooms profusely all summer. Good for any type of flower bed, even with a limited amount of soil. Unpretentious, drought-resistant, but loves heat. Even in flowering form can easily transfer transplant.
There are many more varieties of marigolds with different colors, terry and sizes of plants and flowers. For example, grade "Harlequin":
But more often, marigolds for planting are chosen according to their size:
- Giant - up to 130 cm.
- High - up to 90 cm.
- Medium - up to 50 cm.
- Stunted - up to 40 cm.
- Dwarf - up to 15 cm.
Lovers stop at one or another variety, depending on where they plan to grow flowers. For example, for balconies fit only stunted and dwarf. And the giant marigolds, planted in the middle of a flower bed, will become its pride and the main decoration.
Also marigolds are divided into erect, rejected and thin-leaved.
Erect - annuals, can grow more than 1 m in height, flowers - plain, from yellow to orange shades. The most famous variety is Kilimanjaro.
Rejected - got the name because of their shoots. Lush bushes, with small colors. The most beloved by summer residents is the marigold Antoshka.
Thin-leaved - rarely above 40 cm, the flowers resemble daisies, the decoration is thin carved leaves. Popular variety - "Gnome".
Sowing seeds in the ground
If you live in a fairly warm area, where at the end of spring shoots will not be threatened by frost - you can plant marigolds from April 20 to May 15. Then after about two months you will admire their flowering.
Preparing for planting, it is desirable to germinate the seeds. They take a separate saucer for each variety, put a clean cloth in there, pour seeds on it and pour in some water at room temperature. Each saucer is placed in a plastic bag and put in a warm place - for example, on a window sill near the battery. Day after 3-4 days the seeds can be planted.
It must be remembered that each seed will turn into a bush, so when planting you must observe the desired distance between future flowers.
Then the ground in the garden line and watered. When shoots appear - look - if they are not too close to each other. Thin sprouts if necessary.
Planting seeds for seedlings
Since the warm season in Russia is relatively short, it is preferable to grow marigold seedlings. Typically, flower growers who do this, buy ready-made soil in stores "Nature". But you can make it yourself. To do this, take the land, you can forest, peat and some river sand. In this case, in order to decontaminate, the soil is calcined in a stove on a baking sheet or watered with a solution of potassium permanganate.
It is recommended to pour a little drainage into the box so that the moisture does not stand and does not harm the marigold roots. Fit clay, foam, just pebbles.
There is nothing easier. Wait for the marigolds to bloom, and collect the seeds. You can store them in the winter in paper bags.
But since most marigolds are hybrids, flowers that bloom next summer may differ somewhat from their mother plants.
Most often flowers are threatened:
- Slugs Especially a lot of them happens if summer is rainy. With a small number of pests can be collected manually. If a massive attack - will help such a drug as "Thunderstorm."
- Spider mite To combat it, you can purchase special drugs in the store "Nature". According to popular recipes - use onions, yarrow - prepare solutions and spray the flowers.
- Gray rot. It occurs in violation of the rules of watering. It is better to immediately remove the affected plant from the garden - otherwise other flowers will fall sick and die.
With proper care, marigolds, as a rule, do not get sick.
The use of marigolds in landscape design
Bright unpretentious marigolds will decorate any area and will long please the owners with abundant flowering.
Marigolds are planted depending on their size. For example, tall ones can be placed in the center of a flower garden, and short-growing ones will be an excellent frame for a flower bed or garden path.
Another option is to make room for marigolds right on the garden beds. First, the beds with vegetables will begin to look much more beautiful. Secondly, the smell of these flowers scares many pests. So, without the use of chemicals, you will protect the future harvest.
Dwarf and undersized marigolds can be planted in containers on the balconies.
Marigolds are good because they will never disappoint a grower. Virtually any soil, minimal care - and all the same motley elegant flowers blooming, pleasing the eye.
Site selection and soil preparation
Marigolds grow well in open areas, requiring ample sunlight for abundant flowering. At the same time, some hybrid varieties of upright type, for example, white flowersFeel better when covered with a loose shadow during the hottest periods.
On the contrary fine-leaved varietiesWith delicate leaves and delicate shoots, they develop poorly in the shade, quickly losing their attractiveness, so they are planted exclusively in open areas.
Soils are suitable for these plants any, but with high permeability - marigolds do not like stagnant water. Excessive presence of nitrogen leads to the growth of shoots and leaves to the detriment of flowering, because the site should not be fertilized with fresh manure or nitrogenous mineral fertilizers.
Sowing letniki or planting seedlings produced in the spring, while the plot is prepared in advance - in the fall. They dig up the soil on the bayonet of a shovel, carefully choosing the roots of weeds, making humus or compost at the rate of 4–5 kg per 1 square meter. m, adding sand to improve permeability.
In areas where it is possible to stagnant melt water in early spring, grooves are being dredged in the autumn for drying.
Seed preparation for sowing
The article “Marigolds - the best varieties and hybrids” will help you choose excellent varieties of marigolds for growing.
The elongated black seeds of marigolds with beige or yellow membranous tuft retain their germination for 2–3 years and sprout in the following periods:
- erect varieties and hybrids - in 10–12 days,
- rejected varieties and hybrids - in 10–18 days,
- fine-leaved varieties and hybrids - in 12-18 days.
To accelerate the deposition of seeds and the emergence of seedlings, you can soak the seeds in clean water or, more effectively, process one of the growth promoters, for example, heteroauxin. This technique will reduce the waiting time for sprouts by 5-7 days.
For soaking, prepare a weak solution of heteroacusin in a concentration of 0.001% and immerse the seeds for 6-12 hours, after which they lightly dry and sow. For the same purpose, you can use Epin's solution.
In dry weather, sowing swollen seeds, necessarily spend frequent irrigation. In general, the use of stimulants will not only help to obtain early shoots, but will also enhance the development of plants, and have a positive effect on the formation of lush inflorescences.
When processing seeds pay attention to weather conditions - if you have to sow in the open ground, and the weather is cold and rainy, it is better not to soak the seeds, otherwise they may rot or mold. Dry seeds, lying in the ground, germinate at the most favorable moment for them.
Sowing on seedlings. When to sow?
Luxury erect marigolds and fishnet fine-leaved varieties bloom rather late - only in the middle of summer, and some - not earlier than August. Earlier flashing flowers rejected or French marigolds. So, the wonderful variety Petite Gold throws out the buds already in the middle of June.
To get flowering plants early, seeds upright large-flowered marigolds (Lemon Queen) and thin-leaved (Dwarf, Ursula) sown on seedlings in the first decade of March. This will provide an opportunity to observe the lush bloom in the middle of May - early June.
Sorta rejected marigolds, sown on seedlings in late March - early April, and planted, as soon as the threat of frost has passed, will begin to bloom in the twentieth of May.
When sowing seeds for seedlings it is necessary to take into account that the marigolds are not frost-resistant plants and, if the seedlings are planted too early, the plants will die from return frost. At the same time, overgrown seedlings with already opened buds poorly take root, and when planting such bushes, it is desirable to remove the buds.
Sowing is carried out at a depth of 1.0–1.5 cm with a distance of 8–10 cm between rows, and 4–5 cm in a row. For sowing, boxes filled with light soil prepared at the rate of 3 parts of sod or rested garden land are used, 2 parts of humus and 1 part of sand. Successfully use ready-made soil for seedlings, peat pots or Jiffy tablets. Landings are watered, mulched with sand or peat powder, and the surface is covered with polyethylene or glass.
If sowing on seedlings is expected in early April, you can successfully use film covers or cold greenhouses.
Planting seedlings in open ground
Marigolds do not tolerate the slightest frosts, therefore, they start embracing seedlings only after they are completely convinced that the threat of a cold snap has passed. If the seedlings are planted, but frost is expected, you can resort to the shelter of plants with light agrofiber or other materials.
Seedlings upright tall marigolds are planted with distances of 40–50 cm between plants. Some varieties look great in soliter plants, and to increase the decorative effect they are planted in three plants, having a 40–45 cm triangle in the corners of the triangle.
Seedlings sredneroslyh marigolds are placed with distances of 30–35 cm, and dwarf varieties are planted thicker - in 20-25 cm, getting smooth solid flowering borders.
Sowing seeds in open ground
Marigolds are great at sowing in open ground. Such specimens, although they begin to bloom later than those grown through seedlings, form strong bushes, are more resistant to adverse weather and retain decorative properties longer.
Sowing marigolds spend in the warm, well ripened earth, in the middle or the end of April. With a long cold spring, the landing dates are postponed to the beginning of May.
If there is a lot of planting material, the seeds are sown thickly in rows, after the appearance of two true leaves, the plants break through, leaving the best bushes. Distances in a row are the same as for growing through seedlings.
Growing marigolds in pots
Successful selection of varieties, careful preparation of the site, compliance with the main points of growing seedlings and sowing seeds in open ground - these are the main conditions for obtaining a wonderful bed of flowering marigolds. In the care of these plants are quite unpretentious.
Like other flowering plants, marigolds are extremely responsive to watering, which they spend every 7–10 days in dry weather. It should be remembered that large-flowered varieties, especially hybrids, can lose their attractiveness when water enters the inflorescences. Therefore, it is advisable to water marigolds in the ground way at the rate of 8–10 l of water per 1 square meter. m
In spite of the fact that marigolds give plenty of flowering with timely watering and look amazing, they can easily survive long dry periods, partially losing decorativeness, but quickly restoring it as soon as moisture appears.
After the beginning of flowering, when blooming a few buds, plantings begin to feed complex fertilizers with a low nitrogen content. If the plot was well-filled in the fall, 2–3 supplements are sufficient for the season. Fertilizers of the Agricola, Fertik brand and Crystalone have proven themselves well.
For general strengthening every 10–14 days, it is advisable to conduct regular foliar spraying with Humate solutions - this will promote long-term flowering and support the plants in case of adverse weather.
If even yellowing of the leaves is observed, while the veins remain green, the plants suffer chlorosisthat is associated with a lack of iron. In this case, apply special fertilizer brand Agricola "From yellowing leaves" or Ferovit.
Pest and disease control
Making flower beds using marigolds
In general, marigolds are resistant to many pests, which are repelled by the specific smell of plants. But still they can annoy aphid, spider mite and slugs.
Small light green or black aphids stick around the shoots of young plants, suck the juices and are able to quickly weaken the most powerful bushes. To combat the pest use one of the insecticides - Konfidor, Bi-58, Aktar.
Effective treatment of plants with tobacco dust infusion, which is prepared as follows:
- 200 g of tobacco dust pour 5 liters of hot water
- Insist the drug for 48 hours, stirring several times a day,
- The resulting infusion is boiled, cooled and filtered,
- add another 5 liters of water and 20 g of soap chips.
This harmless environmentally friendly tool is effective not only from aphids, but also from thrips, caterpillars and bedbugs.
Spider mite - A common problem when growing seedlings on window sills or in greenhouses. Small sucking insects do not like humid air, so frequent spraying will partially help protect plantings. If, however, the thinnest cobwebs appeared on the plants, and the leaves began to wilt and dry around the edges, urgent measures should be taken.
An effective way to combat ticks is to treat plants with infusions of tansy or tobacco dust using the above recipe. Если бархатцы размещены вне дома, можно использовать специальное средство Фитоверм или препараты серы.
Слизни can plague sprouted seedlings or shoots lingering rainy spring. In this case, it is possible to treat the plantings with the same infusion of tobacco or infusion of dried wormwood, prepared in this way:
- dried wormwood is crushed and 200 g of raw materials are weighed,
- the grass is placed in a bucket and poured 5 liters of water, insist day,
- boil the product on low heat for half an hour, cool and filter,
- add 5 liters of water and spray the plants.
Dangerous marigold disease - gray rotwhich appears in rainy cold weather. To combat the disease, plants and the soil under them are treated with one of the fungicides - Fundazole, Arceride or 1% Bordeaux mixture. Strongly affected plants with brown or black mucus stains are best removed.
Collecting marigold seeds
To preserve the decorativeness of marigolds as long as possible, it is advisable to break off the flowering inflorescences, which will stimulate the formation of buds and allow you to maintain a neat look of the bushes. For seed reproduction, it suffices to leave several maternal plants.
All marigold varieties breed very well with seeds grown at home, but it should be borne in mind that when grown next to several varieties they can be pereopylitsya and the original desired variety can be obtained not always.
It makes no sense to collect the seeds of hybrids - plants grown from them will not retain the parental traits.
Seeds of most varieties begin to ripen in August. To collect wait until the tuft of the remaining inflorescence dries, then tear the boxes and lay out on paper for drying. For picking choose sunny dry weather, otherwise the seeds at this stage may be infected with a fungal infection.
Dried seeds are freed from the remnants of the box, placed in paper bags, signed and stored in a cool dry place before planting.
Marigolds to help gardeners and gardeners
Few know that marigolds are extremely useful plants for the garden. Gluttonous Medvedka It does not appear in areas where these magnificent flyers grow in abundance. The smell of marigolds perfectly repels other soil pests, for example, wireworm and nematode. Read more about this in the article "Tagetes - get rid of nematodes."
Sowing several rows of flowers around the perimeter of the plot and between the beds of tomatoes, peppers, or eggplants, you can protect them from pests and at the same time decorate the plot.
Growing these flowers near the ridges with onions will help protect the vegetables from attack onion fly.
To combat caterpillars and weevils on fruit trees, strawberries and berry bushes apply marigold infusion. To do this, take fresh raw materials and prepare the drug according to this recipe:
- half a bucket of chopped greens is poured over 5 liters of hot water,
- Insist the drug for 48 hours, stirring several times a day,
- filter the infusion, add 40 g of soap chips.
To achieve the destruction of pests, plants are treated at least 2–4 times.