Tar ordinary - perennial plant from the family of cloves. In the people it is also known as adonis, marsh vizovitsa, slumber, tar tar. For many years, its medicinal properties are widely used in traditional medicine.
Tar ordinary grows most often to 60-80 cm in height. The bare stem of its erect, reddish color. It has small nodules with sticky substances, for which the plant received its name. It is also popularly known as tar tar. Dark green narrow leaves with a pointed tip located opposite. Their length is from 5 to 7 cm. Crimson hue flowers on short pedicels of 5-6 pieces are collected in a panicle.
The fruit of tar ordinary is a box of egg-shaped, located on the stem. The flowering period lasts from May to June.
Breeders created another type of this plant - tar ordinary terry. It is distinguished by larger and lush flowers (up to 4 cm in diameter) and used in landscape design.
This plant is found almost throughout Russia, with the exception of its northern parts, as well as in Belarus and Ukraine, Moldova and the Caucasus, the western regions of Siberia. The plant grows most often in the meadows, sandy slopes or the edge and pine forests, on meadow and sandy soils - light and breathable.
Tar adhesive, or ordinary (Latin name - Viskariya) - is perennial flowering plantwhich belongs to the family of cloves.
Most often it grows in cool areas. Beautiful flowering plant reaches about 20 cm in length, but can grow up to 30 cm.
The terry variety of tar is also very popular - it has a slightly different real look, but the fit and care is no different from the ordinary form of the viscaria.
Most often, the plant is used to decorate balconies and windows of houses, as it forms a thick bright "cap" of flowers. Often tar is planted along fences and walls of various structures - colorful lush curbs look very attractive.
Lighting and location
Quality care begins with choosing a planting place: you need to find well lit place in the garden, as tar light-requiring. In such conditions, it will develop much better and grow much more magnificently (as in the photo).
If you land a viskariya in the shade, it will lose its pomp and color saturation.
Land should be drained, loose. The reaction of the soil is neutral or slightly acid. Tar grows well on fertile soils.
It is suitable light soil, in particular, the viscaria feels comfortable in the lime types. Clay soil is not recommended for use, as it does not let in water well, dries quickly in the sun, crusts and eventually begins to crack.
If, nevertheless, it is impossible to find suitable soil on your site, then you can add sand to it. So the plant will take root better.
It is necessary to prepare in advance the area on which the landing will be made. To make the soil loose, you need to dig it up. So the earth will be filled with oxygen. During this process, take care to fertilize the earth.
The best time for planting - in early spring, or in early August. It is better not to do this later, since the root system will not have time to take root deep enough into the ground. Frosts will overtake her, and then the roots will freeze, and the plant will die.
At a convenient time, dig a bush from your previous habitat. This should be done carefully, so as not to damage the root system with tools. Next, divide the excavated plant into several bushes.
Then spread the separated parts into the ground so that between them there is enough free space for further growth.
In addition to the method of dividing the bushes, you can use the other - rosettes, cuttings.
To do this, it is necessary to separate part of the shoot from the plant along with the flower. The cut is better to do a little obliquely, and not across the stem. So the plant further takes root and takes root better.
Next you need to root the plant in order to be able to place it in the ground. The best way to do this is to put the escape into the water, after a while it will take the first roots.
After that you can plant a young plant in the ground. Cover it with a wrap to create a greenhouse effect. But at the same time it should be in the penumbra.
Basics of proper care
It is important to know how to care for tar, otherwise all your work after planting a flower simply does not pay off.
The plant loves water. Tar should be watered regularly, preventing the soil from drying out. You should not wait until the ground goes cracked, regularly check the soil for moisture. On average, water the tar you have to two times a week. Although this figure you must adjust yourself. In hot summer, the land can dry out and much faster.
Weeding and soil care
The main rule in the care of the soil in which the whiskey lives is weeding. This process is necessary in order to remove from the site where planting bushes, weeds and crops of extra cultivated plants grow.
The best way to get rid of weeds for a long time is to tear them out with their roots. So they will not appear on the site for a longer time.
Helpful advice: if you do not want to do the hard work of cutting harmful grass, you can simply cover it with something, thus limiting the flow of light. In such conditions, the weeds quickly fade themselves.
It is better to fertilize tar three times per season. First dressing spend even before flowering. Use superphosphate, carbamide and potassium sulfate. Each substance will be needed in the amount of one tablespoon per bucket of water. Expect that you will spend about 3 liters of such fertilizer per square meter.
Second time to feed plants with nutrients is necessary during the flowering of tar. It is better to buy fertilizer called "Agricola". Mix it with potassium sulfate and superphosphate in a bucket of water. Here you also need to take a spoonful of each of the drugs. This time it will take about 5 liters per square meter.
For the third feeding use the same fertilizer as in the flowering period. The last time you need to fertilize the soil in the fall.
It is very important to periodically carry out the pruning of the whiskey - it is best to do this in the fall. It is necessary to cut off the entire above-ground part: the stem, the leaves and the inflorescence itself. Almost everything is removed: it is necessary to leave only 5 cm of the stem above the ground.
In order for the plant to feel well, not only in a flower bed or flower garden, but also in a pot, you need to constantly prune those inflorescences that have already dried out.
Diseases and pests
Growing tar does not cause much trouble, as the plant is not very susceptible to various diseases. And from the pests, the whiskey protects its stem - it is sticky and fuzzy, so the insects that have caught on it can no longer escape and simply die.
Yet sometimes pests such as aphids, leafworms, slugs, and red spider mites stick to the plant. In order to free them from tar, you can spray it with garlic solution or soapy water.
Viskaria can also become infected with fungal infections that cause rust and root rot. To prevent this from happening, take preventive measures: make sure that the soil is not over-moistened, periodically thin out the bushes.
Simple tar is a beautiful perennial plant that will please the eye not only in the garden, but also at home on the balcony. Give him a little time to provide quality care, and the cost of acquiring and planting a flower will pay off a hundredfold.
Useful properties of the plant
For medicinal purposes, the most commonly used leaves, flowers, more rarely - the stem of the plant. Tar adhesive is harvested during its intensive growth and flowering - in May-June, when the plant is gaining its strength and useful properties. It contains a high content of valuable phenol carboxylic acids, saponin, saporubin. In addition, flavonoid chemical compounds were found in large quantities in it.
In folk medicine, the plant is recognized as an excellent hypnotic and anti-inflammatory agent, has expectorant and wound healing properties. Tar ordinary promotes rapid blood clotting, so the decoctions from it serve as an effective hemostatic agent, as well as a natural antiseptic. In addition, the plant has a slight analgesic effect and choleretic effect.
The infusion of tar is used for hepatitis, kidney problems and in the diagnosis of jaundice. In case of catarrhal diseases, decoctions from the plant are indicated as an expectorant, they are also used to stop uterine bleeding or during painful, heavy menstruation, bronchitis and stomach cramps. In case of nervous overvoltages and failure in normal rhythm of sleep, an infusion of tar is recommended as an effective hypnotic and sedative.
Use in traditional medicine.
In pharmacy, tar is very rarely used. The use of alternative medicine in medicine is found in the form of various infusions, decoctions and other forms. Herbalists and traditional healers use tar very often.
From the above-ground part of the plant, an infusion is prepared, which has excellent medicinal characteristics. In particular, it is used as an effective expectorant - the plant has pronounced mucolytic properties. In addition, the infusion and decoction of tar is recommended for pathologies and malfunctions of the kidneys, as well as for diagnosing certain diseases of the respiratory system.
In addition, decoctions and infusions of the plant are shown not only for internal, but also for external use. In most cases, the decoction is used for skin problems, various dermatological pathologies - they are treated with purulent abscesses and boils, used for scabies, boils and ulcers. It is recommended to rinse cuts and abrasions with infusion and decoction of tar. Its bactericidal effect has long been known to herbalists.
In folk medicine, tar is used mainly in the form of decoction and infusion.
The broth is prepared simply - in 0.5 liters of boiling water steam 3 tbsp. l raw materials and boil, not boiling, over low heat for 10 minutes. Then it is allowed to stand for an hour and is used as a lotion - for washing wounds, especially purulent, nonhealing ulcers for a long time, for scabies and all sorts of rashes.
To prepare the infusion of 200 ml of boiling water take 2 tbsp. l plants, bring to a boil. After that, the infusion is removed from the heat, insist a few hours. Such a pre-cooled and filtered infusion is taken in 50 ml up to 4 times a day - with coughing episodes, as an effective expectorant, as an anesthetic decoction for colic - in the same dosage and with the same frequency of intake. For a hypnotic and sedative effect - 150 ml.
Terry tar: characteristics, description of main varieties and varieties
Tar terry, or as this plant is popularly called lychnis, dawn, is a perennial herb that belongs to the family of carnations. Under natural conditions, the plant is found in the open meadows of the entire Northern Hemisphere (right up to the Arctic). Often tar (whiskey) is called "sticky" because of the specific characteristics of the plant: its stems are covered with a thick sticky substance, which prevents the possibility of self-pollination of the whiskey.
The plant is represented by a fairly powerful rhizomatous perennial with well-developed stems (of which there are usually quite a few), at the end of which a luxurious species grows luxuriant, dense thyroid inflorescences (less often - some other). The leaves of the plant are smooth, elongated lanceolate form. flowers are quite large, there are several flowers: white, red, pink, etc. They can bear fruit.
Among the existing varieties of tar terry (and there are about 40), the following can be singled out (you can read them in detail in the photos below):
- Lychnis koronchaty. Grows mainly in the south of Europe. Quite high (reaches 50-90 cm in height) perennial, covered with gray foliage and rather thick, but small inflorescences of white. Active flowering usually begins by July. The plant is very enduring: he is not afraid of cold winters.
- Lychnis of Chalcedony (Dawn). Widely distributed in Siberia, Mongolia, Central Asia. This is a giant plant - its height is about 80-100 cm. The scarlet flowers of the plant are gathered in a small size of corymbose inflorescences. The species is actively bearing fruits. Differs incredible endurance (able to survive the cold to -35 degrees). The species has a garden form.
- Lychnis Jupiter. In nature, it is found exclusively on the sunny slopes of the Alps. The plant has a fairly powerful, but short root system. It is represented by a large shrub reaching a height of about 80 cm. It has a well-developed stem structure. The flowers have a beautiful gentle purple color, the size of the average - about 3 cm in diameter. The variety is not afraid of cold and drought, but does not like acidified soils.
Planting in open ground
Usually tar (any variety) is not very fastidious in relation to the place for cultivation and does not require complex care, but nevertheless some nuances should be taken into account if you want to achieve the most luxuriant flowering of the variety of tar chosen for planting. First of all, pay attention to the soil: the plant grows well on almost any soil, but rather sluggishly behaves on acidic, heavy and poorly drained soils.
Council If in your garden plot there is only such soil as described above, be sure to carry out a number of simple, but plant-important procedures: lime the soil (if the soil is acidic), add sand to the soil - about 10 kg per 1 square meter. m (if the soil is poorly drained), or apply organic (humus) and mineral (superphosphate) fertilizers to the soil if the soil is sufficiently poor.
A place to plant a plant must be sunny. You can, of course, plant it in the shade, but you will hardly be able to achieve lush flowering in this case. In the previously prepared (carefully flooded and fertilized) soil in spring, the planting of tar is carried out taking into account the size of the adult plant: the distance between the bushes should be at least 25-30 cm. The depth of the holes should be such that the earthen room together with all the roots will fit into it. After planting in open ground, young plants must be watered with high quality (but not poured into “stagnant” water).
Features care for tar
Tar Terry - the plant is quite unpretentious, so it does not need special care, but it is important to follow a certain agrotechnology: regular watering, fertilizer plants and protection from pests.
In order for the plant to bloom actively and in a timely manner, it is enough to feed it with nutrients only 3 times during the whole season. The first feeding should be made before the beginning of the flowering period - in a bucket of water you need to dissolve 1 tbsp. l superphosphate, potassium sulfate, urea. Usually on 1 square. m takes about 3 liters of finished feeding. The second time feeding is made in the period of active flowering plants. The composition of the top-dressing can be taken identical to the first one, but at the same time, the amount of nutrient solution to be applied should be increased from 3 to 5 for each square. Well, and finally, for the third time, top dressing is introduced already with the onset of autumn (the composition and amount of the top dressing to be applied are identical to the previous version).
Tar does not need a lot of moisture, so the question of watering the plant should be approached very carefully. It is better to moisturize the soil only when it becomes completely dry under the plant (thus you can prevent rotting of the rhizome, which can occur with an excess of moisture). By autumn, watering can stop.
By the way, tar terry practically not afraid of pests and sick very rarely. To avoid plant disease, it is enough to plant it in a suitable place, periodically monitor the condition of young bushes (if necessary, immediately remove dying stems), do not get involved in watering (no stagnation of moisture should not be). With the right actions to take care of the plant, even disease prevention is not required.
Plant propagation features
The reproduction of viscaria is usually carried out in one of three ways: by dividing a bush, by cuttings and by seeds. The division of the bush - the easiest way to reproduce any plant. Для этого достаточно в период активного роста вискарии выкопать хороший здоровый куст, разделить его на несколько одинаковых частей, каждый из которых должна иметь несколько качественных корешков и осуществить пересадку в предварительно подготовленное место. После пересадки почву обязательно следует увлажнить.
When the plant propagates by cuttings from a healthy bush, in the summer period (usually in June), several large shoots not less than 20 cm long are cut off, rooting of which is carried out according to standard technology. After 45-60 days, the grown sprouts can be transplanted into the open ground.
When a plant is propagated by seeds, it is sown in the spring or in the summer (depending on the climate). The optimum temperature for high-quality seed germination is 18-20 degrees.
Combination with other plants in landscape design
Terry tar is often used not only as a single plant, but also in garden groups. Suitable for growing in mixboards, flowerbeds, rockeries. Looks great in tandem with any coniferous trees and plants growing in the garden.
A good combination of tar with any plants of compact size. For example, you can plant tar in the neighborhood of primroses, daisies. It will be excellent to adjoin the plant with any types of ground cover plants (for example, saxifrage).
To create an original and bright decorative effect in the garden, it is important to remember a simple rule: tar should not be covered by other plants, otherwise it will grow worse, and the desired effect will not work.
That's all the subtleties that you need to know for high-quality cultivation of terry tar in open ground. As you can see, this process is quite simple, does not take much time, and the result will be more than pleasant. Good luck!
Viskaria: growing from seed
Anticipating the onset of spring, most flower growers begin to keep an eye on the plant seeds for the flower beds and the balcony already in January-February. In such a pleasant and exciting lesson, do not overlook the very sweet and unpretentious herb of the family of cloves - the viscaria. Many gardeners, this culture is well known as mynalnyanka, dawn, smolevka (tar) or adonis. In phytodesign, whiskey is widely in demand due to its decorative effect, undemanding content and resistance to adverse climatic conditions.
With minimal care, stunted (25–30 cm) forms of culture quickly grow into a chic blooming carpet and look very organically in the design of curbs, rockeries, rabatok, Moorish lawns and rock gardens. Tall (from 30 cm) varieties of viscaria experts recommend planting along fences, walls of economic and residential buildings, as well as around adult trees. Cute flowers with a diameter of about 2.5 cm, externally similar to carnations, please the eye with a variety of colors - they can be pink, purple, blue, white, purple. And with all this magnificence it is pleasant and easy to grow a viscary.
When to plant
Viscaria seedlings are incredibly resistant to low temperatures, so sowing of seeds can be done at the end of April - beginning of May, without fear of return frost. Many flower growers, in order to speed up flowering, prefer to sow the whiskey before winter. Having undergone a natural stratification, autumn crops produce amicable shoots by the last week of April.
In view of the light-loving nature of the Viscaria, it is desirable for her to allocate an open solar platform. When planting in the shade, it will also be quite comfortable, but in this case the bushes will grow not so lush, and the flowering will not be so abundant. Soil culture likes drained, loose, with a neutral or slightly acid reaction.
The plot can be prepared in autumn or processed in the spring, a few days before sowing. Digging a plot, it is useful to fill the soil with organic fertilizers - compost, humus or rotted manure. Before sowing, it is recommended to actively loosen and level the prepared area with a rake.
Sowing in the ground
The seeds purchased in the winter for 20–30 minutes are pickled in a solution of potassium permanganate for disinfection and removed for stratification to the vegetable section of a domestic refrigerator. The material intended for under-winter cultivation needs only disinfection, it will be treated with cold under natural conditions. During sowing, it is recommended to follow the following procedure:
Depending on the variety, the seed germination process takes from 10 to 15 days. Friendly shoots develop rapidly, and after 35–40 days, the viskaria enters into mass flowering, which lasts 2–3 months.
The main care for planting viscaria does not take much time and boils down to carrying out activities typical for flowering plants:
From time to time you should avoid planting and tear off faded flowers, making room for new buds and giving the bushes a neat, well-groomed appearance.
About 400 species and varieties of viscaria are known in horticultural crops, the most popular of which are the following:
- Viskariya "Holiday" - miksovy variety of culture, including several types of short-growing whiskey with multi-colored flowers - peach, purple, blue, bright pink, white. From the moment of sowing to the beginning of flowering no more than 30 days pass. The variety is very good for balconies and curbs, you can use it as a seal for group planting.
- Viskaria eye "Rumba" - grassy annuals, characterized by cold resistance and long flowering period. Brightly colored non-double-leaved flowers are abundantly covered with elegant openwork bushes to the very frost. The petals are colored lilac, cyan, magenta, white and pink.
- Viskaria "Blue Angel" - dwarf variety of culture, quite thermophilic compared to others. Charming sky-blue flowers bloom 45–55 days after sowing. It feels great in pots and flowerpots, so it is widely demanded in the decorative landscaping of balconies and open porches.
- Lychnis Viskariya is a perennial form of culture that grows up to 1 m in height. The technology of planting and care differs little from the cultivation of other species. Bushes successfully winter without additional shelter. Timely removal of peduncles promotes repeated flowering. Among the varieties of Likhnis, flower growers appreciate “Red Ball” (bright scarlet), “Vyskashnee” (snow-white), “Nymph” (soft blue).
Be sure to plant a whiskey on your site, and its gentle, bright bloom will delight you until the fall.
Flower viscaria - description
Among the many varieties emit undersized (up to 20 cm) and tall (over 30 cm). The stems are upright, fleecy and sticky - hence the origin of the names tar, tar, by the way, "visco" from Latin means "glue". Flowers resemble wild carnation and delight the eye with a variety of shades of white, blue, pink and purple. With minimal care, the viskaria quickly grows into a lush floral carpet.
Tar is successfully used for plotting and gardening balconies, as it can be grown both in open ground and in flowerpots. Due to its simplicity, it is successfully used in landscape design as an element of rockeries and alpine slides, in which it organically fits. It is noteworthy that bright flowers have almost no odor, which allergics can especially appreciate.
Growing viscaria from seed
Choosing a place for planting a viscaria does not have to worry too much, because this remarkably stable plant will take root in almost any conditions, therefore you should be guided, first of all, by considerations of aesthetics. The plant prefers open well-lit areas, but the wave feels comfortable in the shade. It is not particularly demanding for soil, but still prefers light, slightly acidic or neutral well-drained soils.
Seeds before planting should be stratified, keeping for a few hours in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is possible to sow in an open ground in April-May when the soil warms up enough, and the weather will be established. But even if at some point the spring frosts catch up with the growing viskaria, this will not affect its viability at all, since it has amazing cold resistance and does not require shelter.
Seeds are planted in such a way that the distance between the estimated bushes was 25-30 cm. The flowering period is long and lasts approximately from July to September. Care for tar is extremely simple and consists in timely, but moderate watering - it absolutely does not tolerate stagnant water in the soil.
It is propagated by seeds that can be harvested at the end of the season or by vegetative division.
Types of viscaria
As mentioned above, in the world there are a huge variety of varieties of this flowering plant. Consider some of the features of the most popular of them, which are most often used in landscape design and floristics.
- Viskaria "Holiday" - is an interesting mixture of all possible colors with a stem height of about 25 cm. It blooms 4 weeks after sowing seeds. Unpretentious light-loving plant for beds and borders. Planted preferably according to the scheme 10 to 10,
- Blue Angel viscaria - blooms later, after about 6-8 weeks, but forms a solid blue carpet of flowers with a diameter of 3.5 cm,
- Lychnis - a perennial and tall species of viscaria - the stems reach 1 meter in length. Inflorescences are corymbose, flowers turn white, red and pink. Planting and caring for this type of viscaria is not much different from others - the plant still loves light, moderate humidity. Excellent surviving frosty winters without any insulation and shelter. Gratefully responds to dressing.
- It is noteworthy that if at the end of flowering the dried stalks are removed from the stems, then we can wait for the “second wave”.
Tar adhesive (ordinary): features of planting and care
The sticky tar that looks like a wild carnation amazes with a variety of colors and shapes. For unpretentiousness and longevity, this plant was loved by many gardeners. But in order for tar to please the eye for many years, it is necessary to arrange suitable conditions for it and provide quality care.
Tar (Siléne) - herbaceous, perennial plant, dvuhdolevnoe, which belongs to the genus Smalyovkov and the family Gvozdichnyh It has a straight stalk, slightly branched, naked, sticky, grows in height from 30 to 90 cm. The name of the plant comes from the stem, because it is a little sticky. Flower in the form of inflorescences, pink, lilac color. Fruit box, change brown.
Common tar in Europe, America. Many species are used in decoration, for cultivation in the garden. Duration of flowering about a month, mostly in summer. Then you need to cut the stem for better flower growth. Tar terry is considered a more popular type of flower.
Tar - care:
The tar needs the light and the sun. So she feels more comfortable. In the shade, the flowers may be small and not so bright. So before planting this plant you need to choose a sunny and suitable place for it.
Tar is hardy at the expense of air temperature. Easy to carry light frosts. Shelter for the winter does not require. Since the snow is the best defender against freezing. In cases of severe frost and lack of snow, Tar may freeze out. The optimum temperature for good growth and active flowering is 20 - 27 ° C.
Tar loves regular watering. Do not allow dry soil, although it can withstand it. Watering the plant costs twice a week. In the absence of rain and excessive dryness, the frequency of watering can be increased. But in no case do not overdo it, do not allow a strong stagnation of water.
Tar is quite moisture-loving plant. Spraying with water does not require, as the flower grows in the open air and can be exposed to rain. Only in the case of a severe drought, you can slightly spray Tar with cool water. The recommended air humidity for a good flower existence is 50 - 65%.
For abundant flowering, it is recommended to feed Tar with mineral fertilizer at least once a week. In the absence of dressings, the flower looks less healthy and beautiful. Mineral fertilizer is suitable for any, but not too high concentration.
Tar does not need frequent transplantation. Prefers a loose, fertile soil with the addition of peat and humus. In case of transplanting Tar, we do it in early spring, when the flower is not yet active. So he quickly takes root and begins to grow.
Tar looks very good in landscape design one by one or in small groups. The flower is very beautiful, especially bright crimson colors. Near the plant should be planted not high flowers at a distance of approximately 20 cm from each other. Different types of tar differ from each other in color, size, flowering time. That or another type of flower for growing you choose yourself. In the garden Smolka looks very beautiful, choosing it, you will not regret it.
Tar - diseases and pests:
Tar is almost not ill. If you notice that something is wrong with the plant, the leaves have turned yellow, spots have appeared, or it has begun to grow less actively, then some kind of fertilizer should be added. Leaves damaged remove. Perhaps Tar was damaged by some kind of insect, aphids, spider mites, slugs or pennits, spotted rot. But that rarely happens. We buy special drugs to combat these pests.
Terry tar: features of cultivation in an open ground
Likhnis or terry tar - an ancient plant that was previously used not only as a luxurious decorative element in flower beds, gardens and other places where ornamental plants were planted. The leaves of some varieties were used as candlesticks, and the roots - for washing hands and removing grease stains from clothes. Today, tar terry is used exclusively for decorative purposes and is very popular among gardeners around the world because of its unpretentiousness to the growing conditions, ease of planting and care. Further, about the features of growing plants in the open field (attached detailed photos).
How to grow viscaria from seed
Many gardeners are concerned about how grow viscaria from seed itself. We will talk about this in this article!
Viskaria (other names: dawn, litnis, adonis, tar, soap, Tatar soap) is a garden plant of the family of carnations. Propagation occurs by cuttings or seeds, but often plant growers prefer the second option. A brief description of these unpretentious and frost-resistant colors is presented in the following table:
How to use viskarya for decorating garden plots?
Low-growing varieties of whiskey are often grown in pots.
Plants of medium height are planted in the garden: in group plantings (litnis is combined with meadow crops - bells and gypsophiles), near the borders and in flower beds (mixborders and rabatki). They are also used by landscape designers as an element of rockeries and alpine slides.
Tall plants are ideal for decorating fences and walls.
Cutting lithnis is not recommended: at home in a vase, it usually costs a short time.
How to grow a whiskey at home? Let's look at the points.
Growing sprouts in greenhouse
The second method of cultivation of lichen - sprouts. Viscary seeds for seedlings are sown in a greenhouse (always on loose soil) in early spring. By the end of May, the grown seedlings are fully strengthened and good roots are formed - then they are transplanted to the ground.
If you do not have a greenhouse, seedlings can be sown in boxes and flower pots, which are then stored in a cool room for about three weeks. Then seedlings can be kept in a room with a normal temperature of 18 - 20 degrees, where the plants grow and mature. After that, the seedlings are planted on the open ground.
The third variant of planting relates to the most frost-resistant varieties of viscaria. In mild climates, it can be planted in the fall. In this case, it is advised to plant a whiskey on the flower beds simultaneously with other flowers. Обязательно нужно выбрать хорошо освещённый участок, тогда первые всходы Вы увидите ранней весной, а будущим летом растение уже зацветёт.
Важно знать при посадке:
1. Семена лихниса очень мелкие (около 5000 шт. в одном грамме). Если Вам нужно получить сто растений, Вам понадобится совсем мало семян – всего 0,1 г.
2. Сеять вискарию лучше всего гнёздами, по три-четыре семени. Расстояние между гнёздами – 20 — 25 см.
3. With the seed method of propagation, the blooming of the malice begins in the second year.
4. Seeds of viscaria will sprout approximately two weeks after sowing.
5. Blossoming begins in July and usually blooms until the end of August - beginning of September.
How to care for a viskariya?
Despite the fact that the whiskey is an unpretentious plant that is resistant to pests and various diseases, it still needs some care.
In summer viscaria will not damage moderate watering (especially if it has not been raining for a long time) and fertilizing with various mineral fertilizers. You also need to regularly remove wilted flowers - this will help to increase the period of flowering of lihnnis. Weeding the plant is carried out as the emergence of weeds. It is also recommended to fully dig up nearby dandelions and other flowers and herbs with long roots.
In the autumn, the above-ground part of the viscaria is usually cut almost to the root, leaving about 5 cm of the stem. Also in the fall you can produce mineral dressing.
As the viskariya is frost-resistant, it does not need shelter for the winter. However, there are exceptions: if your site is not covered with snow, the plant is better to cover.
Plant Description Smolka
Tar (Viscaria) is a genus from the family of Cloves (Caryophyllaceae). Previously, plants were isolated in a separate genus in it were 5 species. But not so long ago it was combined with the genus Lychnis (Lichnis), which has about 50 species.
These are annual and perennial herbaceous plants. Their erect stems are often sticky, which protects the plant from selfing. Leaves linear-lanceolate, basal obratno-lanceolate.
Branched roots, rod-shaped in terry varieties, tar has a rosette. Paniculate inflorescences, flowers bell-shaped blue lilac white, pink, yellowish or bright red.
Good tar will be on nutrient, loose and moderately moist soil. It is necessary to provide the plant with good drainage. To do this, you can use sand, pebbles. Before planting, dig up the soil, removing all weeds. You can make humus, peat, compost, a little mineral fertilizer. Add wood ash to the well. After planting, the plant is well watered.
Care of Tar
The plant prefers open sunny places. Here it will bloom brighter, and in the partial shade, flowering can be scanty. A tar must be weeded regularly, to loosen the ground. Mulching will help retain moisture in the soil, reducing watering. If the flowering is very abundant, especially in terry varieties, then it is better to tie up the stalks of tar by making supports for them.
Watering tar should be moderate. From excessive moisture in the plant can rot the root. Well water it 2 times a week. In dry weather, you can increase moisture. If the drought is very strong the bushes are sprayed with water a little.
It tolerates frosts under the snow. Tar can freeze in a snowless cold winter. In the fall, the upper part of the plant is cut, leaving 5 cm on the surface.
It is optimal to make complex mineral compounds 3 times per season. Before the growing season, during budding, flowering and autumn.
Tar blooms from May to August, depending on the species. Possible re-bloom in late summer. This contributes to pruning wilted inflorescences.
If tar is badly grown shoots can be shortened by 1/3 and remove some of the outlets. Then mix the plant with fertile soil. All dried shoots must be cut off.
Perennial varieties of tar can grow in one place for about 5 years. After that, they need a transplant. Replant and divide the plant preferably after flowering.
For open ground, seeds are also kept in a solution of manganese. They can be sown in autumn in the winter, in the spring to get shoots of tar. Autumn sowing is carried out in regions with a mild climate. To protect the planting from freezing, they are sown between other already mature plants.
Spring sowing tar is better to produce when the night temperature becomes stable. Soil before it loosened, make a little fertilizer.
In early spring, you can sow the seeds in the greenhouse, where they will sprout and strengthen the seedlings of tar in May to move to open ground. The plant usually blooms next year.
The optimal time for this is spring. The adult bush is dug out and divided into parts. Delenki seated and watered.
They are cut in June, planted in the sand and covered with foil. So they quickly take root. You can pre-treat them with root. Needle cuttings need regular airing and humidification. It is possible to replant them in an open ground in August.
Terry species of tar propagate vegetatively, they do not give seeds.
Common Tar (V. Vulgaris)
Perennial. Height varies from 40 to 100 cm. The flowers are small purple or white. It blooms about 1.5 months at the end of May. There is a terry variety about 30 cm tall with flowers of lilac color. Terry species have larger flowers. Flowering time mid-may