Cucumber "Libella", or "Libelle f1", is a hybrid form from German breeders, which has gained immense popularity among the gardeners of our country. In addition to unsurpassed taste, a special value of this variety is the increased yield at the end of summer.
"Libell" is a long-varietal, parthenocarpic, mid-season hybrid form intended for fresh consumption, use for canning or pickling. The taste of the fruit is very good. The harvest has high commodity qualities.
The plant has a high resistance to defeat by powdery mildew, as well as olive spotting and is intended for cultivation in any type of soil.
The length of the fruit is from 12 to 14 cm, the surface is characterized by a small tubercula. The shape of the ripened fruit is elongate-ellipsoid. The average weight varies from 110 to 145 g. The pulp of ripe cucumbers without bitterness. Mass fructification occurs on the 50th day of sowing seeds in the ground. Ovaries tuft type. Productivity with proper care reaches 10 kg per square meter of planting.
Advantages and disadvantages
Cucumbers "Libella" have many advantages that make them popular in many countries:
- excellent taste,
- marketability of the harvested fruit for a long time,
- high disease resistance
- high yield
- prolonged fruiting.
Features of growing
The plant is very responsive to high agricultural practices and forms a high yield, subject to the cultivation technology. One of the important characteristics is that the hybrid form is intended both for sowing in open soil, and with the use of film shelters. The period of mass harvesting lasts from June to September.
Cucumbers "Libella" grow well and abundantly bear fruit when sown directly on the ridge of open ground. Seed seed should be after the threat of spring frosts, when the soil on the ridges warms to 10-12 ° C. When sowing seeds should be deepened no more than 3.5-4 cm.
Standard sowing scheme - 50x30 cm. It is allowed to sow 2 seeds in one hole according to the scheme 60x60 cm. After sowing, when cultivating the Libell cucumber in areas of temperate or cold climate, the bed should be covered with foil. Watering the seedlings of cucumber is required every 2-3 days with warm, not below 22 ° C, water.
Cucumbers "Libella" can be grown in a seedling way, which will allow you to get an earlier harvest of fruits. Sowing on seedlings produced in late April or early May. Before sowing, the seeds need to be sorted, selecting the largest, and then pour 3% salt solution.
Only full-weighted, dropping to the bottom of the tank, seeds are subject to sowing. When sowing, seeds should be buried no more than 2.5-3 cm. Before germination, the temperature should not be below 23-24 ° C. After the emergence of shoots it should be slightly reduced.
Before planting in open ground need to spend a week hardening seedlings. Planted seedlings in open ground should be in accordance with the scheme 50x30 cm. Cucumbers should be placed on fertile, most loose and enriched with humus soils. In the first days after planting, seedlings should be pritenyat and protected from a sharp decrease in temperature by a film or other covering material.
Cucumbers "Libella" responsive to good care. For stable growth and abundant, high-quality fruiting, plants need timely watering, regular weeding, loosening the topsoil and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, which are carried out according to the recommendations:
- cucumber plantings are first fed with fertilizers at the flowering stage, using for this purpose 10 liters of water, 0.5 liters of mullein and 1 tbsp. l Nitrofoski or Kemira products,
- at the beginning of fruiting, cucumbers should be fed two times with an interval of 20 days, using a composition similar to the first one,
- water cucumber planting is required every 2-3 days with warm, not below 22 ° C, water in the evening,
- loosening is carried out after each irrigation, which will significantly increase the soil aeration capacity,
- tying up lashes and growing cucumbers with long lashes on the trellis greatly facilitates the care of plants and reduces the likelihood of being affected by many cucumber diseases,
- timely collection of ripened cucumbers has a positive effect on the formation of high yields,
- to protect against major diseases and pests requires preventive spraying of folk remedies, you can use the infusion of onion peel or decoction of the nightshade. When diseases appear, systemic fungicides are used.
Cucumbers "Libella" are long-time inhabitants of the household plots in our country and the near abroad. This hybrid has proven itself in our climate and bears fruit very well on the ridges of open ground. Abundant harvests in the last summer days make it possible to use the collected fruits for canning for the winter.
Cucumbers grow very leveled form, tasty and beautiful. Look great in canned form, and are ideal for salads. Cucumbers, as many know, are very fond of soil moisture, and they begin to taste bitter without sufficient watering. But according to reviews of vegetable growers, this variety is very resistant to reduced watering and bitterness can rarely be observed. In addition, for a long time, no empty mass or falling of the ovary was observed.
How to grow cucumber seedlings (video)
All subsequent care for cucumbers varieties Libella f1 depends on what this culture loves and what does not tolerate. About the preparation of the soil and the choice of the landing site was described above. All cucumber care comes down to the following points:
- It is necessary to water culture plentifully, but only with warm water. In hot weather, it is necessary to wet the soil often, as soon as the top layer of the earth begins to dry out. In the cloudy, cool - less. But you can not "drown" cucumbers in the water - it contributes to the development of rot, powdery mildew and other diseases
Cucumber Libella f1 is suitable for growing in a private garden and in large vegetable farms. This variety is good fruit, even in the Northwest. Zelentsy ripen in medium terms, but they have good taste and attractive appearance, suitable for fresh consumption and winter harvest.
The main characteristics of the variety
Libella F1 is a German hybrid variety of cucumber with a good yield. Received widespread in Russia. Experienced gardeners collect up to 10 kilograms of fruit from a square meter of bed. Best of all fruits at the end of summer.
It is well combined on a bed with other hybrids. You can plant it together with the early ripe varieties Annushka F1, Sultan F1 and others. A distinctive feature of the hybrid - accelerated growth. The stem is formed quickly, sprawling, has many leaves and fruits.
Cucumber Libella: characteristics of the fetus
The fruit of the Libel F1 hybrid is called a gherkin. It looks like a small spindle (elongated-ellipsoid). In length grows to 15 centimeters. The mass of each fruit is about 100-150 grams. The peel has a dark green color, there are few ribs and tubercles on it, but there are soft white spikes.
Fruit ripening occurs one and a half to two months after the appearance of the first shoots. The flesh is light in color, dense and juicy. Inside there are several cameras with seeds. The fruit has a pleasant cucumber smell and taste.
97% of the fruit consists of water, there is also a little fat, protein and carbohydrates. In the cucumber you can find essential oils and organic acids.
There are several problems with growing this crop. Gardeners note some periodicity in fruiting in the Libella F1 variety. The yield of Libell cucumbers can differ dramatically over the years. Key factors affecting plant development are environmental conditions. Cucumber extremely whimsical to temperature and humidity. Pests can also reduce the number of fruits.
To accelerate the growth of plants using greenhouses or film shelters. In open ground, it is recommended to plant Libell cucumbers in the southern regions with favorable weather conditions. The optimum temperature of the soil at the same time should be 20-22 degrees, and the air should be heated to 25 degrees.
To ensure the necessary humidity, you need to regularly water the plants with enough water. To do this, use warm water. The recommended frequency of watering is 2-3 days. With a lack of moisture, irregularly shaped greens with a bitter taste can form.
Once every ten days in the water for watering add dressing. It may be urea or manure. The concentration of the active substance should be low. For manure it is 100 grams per liter of liquid, and urea will require no more than 1 gram per liter capacity. Watering and dressing is usually carried out in the evening.
Cucumbers Libella F1: the fight against disease
The main threat to the crop of cucumbers is powdery mildew, olive spot. Many hybrids, including Libell F1, are resistant to these diseases. In practice, he showed his immunity to perinospora and clavosporioza.
It is necessary to protect the beds from hypothermia. Because most of the cucumber disease is activated when the temperature drops below plus 10 degrees.
How to grow seedlings and care for her
In planting cucumbers of this variety is nothing complicated. In order to get a crop of cucumbers in early June, it is necessary to use a seedling method of planting vegetables. This will require peat cups and substrate. The soil can be dug directly on its plot (but before planting the planting material it will be necessary to warm it up and disinfect it), or buy a special mixture for vegetable crops.
The most favorable time for planting Libell variety cucumbers is the last days of April, or the first days of May.
Before planting in the soil planting material is sorted. To do this, it is necessary to prepare a saline solution. Take 1 tbsp. l ordinary salt and pour it with 1 cup of warm water. Dip the seeds into the solution. After some time, poor-quality seeds float to the surface. They can be thrown out, the rest can be planted.
When the seedlings grow a little (the first full leaflets are formed), it can be transplanted to a permanent place. Dig the soil, mix it with manure and make small grooves for the bushes. The distance between the holes should be at least 30 cm. After planting, the seedlings should be watered abundantly. For the night beds are covered with a warm cloth.
It is possible to transplant the seedlings to the street when the weather is very warm and there is no heavy frost at night.