General information

Grapes: fruit or berry?


In Russian, the fruits of trees and shrubs can be called both “fruit” and “fruit”. For example, no one says "fruits of trees," but "fruits of trees." The name “fruit” is considered domestic, and “fruit” is botanical. In many languages ​​there is no such separation. In Russian, berries are often called fruits, as the definition is: “Fruit is a fruit with juicy flesh and seeds growing on a tree or shrub”.

From a botanical point of view, a fruit is a part of a plant that develops from a flower and contains seeds.

So what can be meant by a berry?

According to the dictionary of the Russian language Ozhegova, berries are fruits growing on shrubs, subshrubs and herbaceous plants. As you can see, everything is also not easy here, because fruits, according to one of the formulations, grow on trees and shrubs. It should be noted that both fruits and berries are characterized as juicy fruits with pulp, skin and seeds inside.

From a botanical point of view, berries are fruits. Berries have thin skin, juicy pulp and a lot of seeds.

Grape history

It is noteworthy that grapes is one of the oldest fruits. Its history has more than sixty million years. Nevertheless, the wild grape variety was known even earlier. In those immemorial times it was grown very much, and archaeological excavations from time to time find various artifacts with his image. It is reliably known that in Georgia every now and then find ancient utensils with clusters painted on it.

Homeland grapes recognized Asia. Subsequently, it spread throughout Europe, except the northern regions. In Rome and Greece it is impossible to imagine a single feast without the presence of this wonderful berry, not to mention wine. In later times it began to grow in America, there was also found one of its wild varietiesIndians enjoyed it. Nevertheless, during the period of European colonization, varieties were brought to North America from Europe, which had the best taste qualities and were more suitable for wine production.

Cosmetology and Dietology

For cosmetic purposes, most of them use grape seeds, because they contain various active substances. They are widely used as an antioxidant and as a means to strengthen the vascular system.

Based on it, all kinds of creams are created., and also aromatic oils for massage. In addition, funds based on it help to restore skin elasticity, heal wounds, burns and peeling of the skin. It is not surprising that it is used in the complex treatment of skin diseases.

It is also known that berries are rich in sugar content, in connection with which it is very nutritious and satisfying. 100 g of white grapes contain about 40 calories, and red - 65. Contrary to popular myth, it does not contribute to an increase in fat mass, but improves appetite. If you eat about fifteen berries a day, it will not add extra pounds.

Terminology features

Returning to the main question, this is a fruit or a berry, it is necessary to pay attention to the terminology of both concepts. There are several points of view that help determine what grapes belong to.

Why are the fruits of grapes fruit

In our language, the words “fruit” and “fruit” can be equated and replace each other. In some cases, only one of them is used, for example, “fruits from a tree”, since practically no one says “fruits from a tree”.

“Fruit” is considered a more everyday and everyday word, “fruit” refers to botanically correct and verified terms.

In the botanical dictionary there is such a definition of a fruit - a part of a plant that develops from a flower, with seeds inside. Very often, the berries are also called fruits, as they are more familiar in everyday speech.

Why are the fruits of grapes berries

The encyclopedic dictionary reports that a berry is a fruit with pulp, thin skin and seeds inside. Referring to Ozhegov's dictionary, you can also define a berry as a fruit growing on shrubs and shrubs, as well as herbaceous plants.

The botanical term “berry” refers to a fruit with many seeds, a juicy inter-fruit and an intra-fruit. At the same time, there is no such word as fruit in botanical terms - it is borrowed from Polish, just means juicy fruit and is used to name larger berries.

So the grapes, according to these opinions, can be considered just a berry.

Some more terminology: Is grapes a tree or a shrub?

Although many people will say with confidence that the plant is a shrub, and the name "grape bush" is already fixed in the people, yet it is not a shrub, and even not quite a tree. Grapes - it is a vine, or rather a woody vine under the Latin name Vitis.

This perennial woody liana reaches 20-25 meters in height and clings to the support with the help of antennae. Liana belongs to the heat-loving plants, and therefore grows in hot countries.

But today there are such types of vines that are less demanding of weather conditions and can be grown in temperate climates.

Use and application of grapes

Berries have a fairly large range of useful properties. Not only the pulp is used, but also the bones, which are widely used in cosmetology and skin treatment. It is also a major component of the wine industry. In addition, berries are often used for cooking or decorating dishes.

In cooking

Berries are often used to make juice and jam. Everyone is also familiar with raisins - dried berries of different varieties, which are used in baking, making salads and other dishes.

Snacks or desserts are prepared with him, often added as a decoration to chilled desserts and jellies. Wine vinegar is also in demand, which is used by many chefs in various main dishes.

In winemaking

There is nothing to say here - grapes are the main component of winemaking. At the same time, there is no exact number of cultures that exist today - there are more than five thousand of them, however, not all of them are suitable for making wine.

For the production of the drink, about a hundred technical varieties are used, of which about a third are taken only to make red wine, and another third for white. From their choice depends not only the quality of the drink, but also the taste, color, bouquet and aftertaste.

The most popular red grapes are Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Sangiovese, Syrah, or Shiraz, and others. For white grape berries are suitable such varieties: Chardonnay, Muscat, Riesling and others.

All varieties can also be divided into 4 categories:

  1. Wine that is used for making wine and tincture, characterized by small size and small berries.
  2. Canteens - a large group, which includes large varieties. Mostly used independently.
  3. Drying, from which prepare raisins. May be white or dark. The group is quite small.
  4. Universal, which are used for making drinks, and for eating.

For the manufacture of wine used mainly European varieties of such berries.

In medicine

Fruits contain quite a lot of nutrients, include fiber and vitamins of groups P and B. Also in the berries are pectin and beta-carotene. Useful acids, such as tartaric, amber, citric and malic, are also found here in large quantities. Here there is also iodine, potassium, manganese, fluorine, iron and a lot of other useful components.

That is why grapes are used in the treatment of a large range of diseases, including:

  • cardiovascular,
  • intestinal problems
  • kidney and liver disease,
  • infectious and catarrhal diseases
  • asthma attacks.

Also, grapes are often prescribed for pregnant women, as there are many components they need. It is very good to take it during mental activity, as the fetus improves memory and improves overall tone.

In cosmetology

In cosmetology, grape seed oil is mainly used, since biologically active substances are preserved in them. It is used as an antioxidant and an excellent means to improve the tone of blood vessels.

Included in many creams, often used in massages as the basis for aromatic oils. The tool helps to restore the elasticity of the skin, fights burns and abrasions, quickly heals skin peeling. Also, this oil is included in the complex therapy against skin diseases.

In nutrition

Fruits contain a fairly large amount of sugar, so they are well satisfy hunger and give a boost of energy. Per 100 grams of white grapes on average, about 40 calories, red - 65 calories.

It does not promote weight gain, but improves appetite. Such a quantity will be optimal - 15 berries a day, then there will definitely be no weight gain from the grapes.

Grapes are not only sweet and tasty, but also quite healthy fruit. It includes a large number of substances that are used not only in cooking, but also in medicine and other industries. And regarding the question, this is a berry or a fruit, we can safely say that grapes are a berry.

Fruit or vegetable, or berry?

Grapes belong to the genus Vinogradovye, really refer to the berry, although it is mistakenly called fruit. As Wikipedia writes: “the fruit is covered with a thin skin, inside which there is a juicy, tender flesh with hard bones - called a berry”.

They grew tasty berry in ancient times. Archeologists in the territory of modern Georgia, was found dishes with the remnants of the vine. This wild plant began to be domesticated many thousands of years ago. Thanks to the selection in our time is known about 3 thousand varieties of grapes.

Appearance Description

The grape is a shrub plant that can bear fruit for many years. On average, the vine can grow about 35 meters in length. Flowering begins in the last month of spring. Inflorescences resemble small butterflies, represented by such color shades as: yellow, white, pink, purple color. Depending on the variety of berries come in a round, oval, oblong shape. On the surface of thin skin, you can feel a slight wax coating, which is called pruyn, it can be of different thickness. From very thin to thick, merging with the pulp forming a single whole.

Important! The thickness of the peel affects the taste of the fruit. The denser it is, the tastier the berry, as well as the storage time doubled. Fruits with thick skins spoil less and serve to rot.

Different types of grapes can boast such flavors:

  • ordinary taste, does not have strongly pronounced shades, slightly sour,
  • the fruit is sweet-tasting,
  • nutmeg berries,
  • a mixture of strawberry flavor with pineapple, characteristic of the Isabella variety, the pulp has a slimy structure.

Interesting! Most varieties give clear juice, except for some species, they are dominated by red.

Grape application

The great benefits of grapes for the body is its composition. Thanks to him, it is often used in traditional medicine in the treatment of various diseases. Grape juice, as well as berries are used for such diseases:

  • gastrointestinal tract,
  • with frequent constipation, a glass of juice has laxative properties,
  • with heart disease,
  • bronchial asthma, bronchitis.

It is undesirable to use grapes for people suffering from obesity, diabetes mellitus, berries contain a large amount of fructose.

Use in cooking

It does not matter whether the grapes are fruit or berry, because it has an exquisite taste, thanks to which it is widely used in cooking. In the preparation of dishes they use not only berries, but leaves. Use both fresh and ready-made.

During the processing process, products such as are obtained:

  1. Berries are used in the preparation of delicious desserts. The leaves are used in the preparation of the national Azerbaijani dish - dogma. By pressing fresh berries get delicious grape juice.
  2. Raisins are dried grapes that have high nutritional value. They are quite high in calories, it is worth considering those who follow the figure. Raisins add pastries, desserts, cooked compotes.
  3. Alcoholic beverages are produced as a result of the fermentation of technical grape varieties. The strength of a natural wine does not exceed sixteen percent, if more means it is added alcohol. With the use of special technologies to prepare the alcoholic drink called brandy.
  4. Wine vinegar, for its production apply sour wine, of poor quality.
  5. From seed oil is prepared, which is used for cosmetic purposes. Masks, face and body creams are prepared from grapes. Enter many hair care products.

Grapes are used not only in cooking and traditional medicine, but also in landscape design. Thanks to the long vines, he plants trees and hedges. The grapes are not capricious in the care, tolerates winters, which makes it available for cultivation.

Press "Like" and get only the best posts on Facebook ↓

What is different from fruit berry

Scientists do not use the term "fruit", replacing it with the word "fruit." This definition is used to describe the edible part of the vegetation formed due to pollination of a flower or ovary. Vegetables do not belong to this variety.

Fruits number:

  • an Apple,
  • pear,
  • plum,
  • peach,
  • cherry,
  • gravy is pennsylvania,
  • cherry plum.

In simple words, the fruit is considered to be any fruit of the plant, ripening on trees and having juicy flesh and seeds for reproduction.

Experts attribute to the berries all fruits, developing from one ovary, and having a juicy flesh and a lot of small seeds. Ovary, in the process of ripening berries, transformed into pericarp suitable for consumption. The fruits in question may have up to several thin-skinned carpels. This category is allowed to include products familiar to everyone, for example, gooseberry, watermelon or banana. Wikipedia confirms the theory described.

The seeds in the berries are embedded in the pulp, with the exception of pepper. Its seeds are located in the hollow inner part of the fruit.

Examples of these berries:

  • banana,
  • avocado,
  • cranberry,
  • Rowan,
  • gooseberry,
  • currant.

Why not all berries have seeds in the center? Experts highlight the concept - false berries or polynokoshki. These include fruits that have bones on the surface or immediately under the shell, for example, strawberries or raspberries.

False berries develop and lower ovary. Their peculiarity is that in the structure of the berry flower tissues develop that are outside the ovary.

Example of false berries:

  • strawberries
  • raspberries,
  • blackberry.

In everyday life, berries are called all fruits with a sweet-sour taste and small size. Inside there should not be large stones, edible seeds are not taken into account.

Citruses are considered modified berries with a dense skin and juicy pulp. Experts gave such fruits the name - orange. Fruits with an even more dense skin, such as squash or zucchini, are berries, but have a special name - pumpkin.

How to distinguish the fruit from the berry

In botany there is no concept - “Fruit”. Everything that develops from the ovary is considered a fruit. Berries belong to this category, only they have a narrower name “multi-seeded fruit”. You can summarize - everything that has juicy pulp and a lot of small seeds inside are berries, and everything else is fruit.

In the nation, all fruits of small size with a pleasant, sweet-sour taste and bright color of the rind are called berries, no matter what category these products belong to botanists. All fruits that can not be taken with two fingers is called fruit.

Berries taken to use one or the whole handful. You cannot do this with fruit, it is too big and you need to bite off pieces of it.

Herbal products are distinguished by type of growth. All that grows on grassy plants or shrubs is berries, and only fruits grow on trees. But it should be noted that in this theory there are inconsistencies, as rowan belongs to berries, despite the fact that it grows on a tree.

Fruits consider some fruits growing on cultivated plants. And berries can be both cultural and wild. Small fruits can be edible and poisonous. Fruits have no such separation.

How to explain to a child

In order for a child from childhood to have a correct understanding of the world, he needs to be told about the difference between a berry from a fruit and a vegetable.

For children, information becomes the most accessible if it is offered with a clear example.

To explain what a berry is, the child should be shown a sectioned view of the product, so that he can clearly see that the fruit in question has fleshy flesh and a lot of seeds inside. The most convenient way to do this is by the example of the gooseberry, as it has a visual structure.

In order for the child to understand the difference between a berry and a fruit, you should suggest that he compare the apple and the grapes. Первый имеет плотную структуру, крупные размеры и плотные косточки отделенные от мякоти плотной перегородкой, структура винограда значительно отличается, она как и у большинства ягод, мягкая и сочная, а семечки расположены в прямом контакте с тканями плода.

Конечно, ягода полезна и при беременности, ее с удовольствием любят дети. Therefore, I recommend everyone to find out in detail what is the particular watermelon? Below in the photo you can see how it looks, the method, how watermelon is grown in the greenhouse.

And then you can read interesting articles about the benefits and properties of watermelon, watermelon seeds are useful for the body and much more. Enjoy reading!

To learn more about the berry and its benefits for the body, read our articles below, as well as see photos of how the berry looks.

The use of blackberries can normalize pressure, strengthen the walls of blood vessels. Benefit for women is invaluable! Thanks to the berry, the skin is rejuvenated, it becomes firm and elastic.

Below you can see a photo of what a blackberry looks like and what varieties there are. And also read interesting articles to learn a lot of new!

Bilberry helps to normalize pressure, improves eyesight and restores the intestinal microflora.

You can read more about the beneficial and healing properties of the berries in our articles in this section. And also see the photo of what blueberries look like, how it grows and how to collect it.

Rose Hips

The flowers of this plant have also found use in traditional medicine due to the unique composition:

  • essential and fatty oils,
  • acids,
  • glycosides,
  • flavonoids,
  • tannins and other items.

Drugs containing flowers have anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties. Broth from this part of the plant is used in the treatment of conjunctivitis, blepharitis, stomatitis. The use of the inside helps to strengthen the heart muscle.

Rosehip oil

From this plant make an oily hood, which has many properties. It contains in its composition fatty acids (linolenic, stearic, oleic, palmitic), vitamins A, E, C, F and other useful components.

Due to its unique composition, rosehip oil is used as a choleretic agent. It can be used as a medicine for the treatment of hepatitis, cholecystitis. An additional effect that can be obtained by using an oily extract is an improvement in digestion. Also, this drug significantly lowers blood cholesterol, which will be useful in the presence of atherosclerosis.

Rosehip oil can be used as a fortifying agent to saturate the body with useful substances during the period of spring avitaminosis. It increases metabolism and even contributes to weight loss.

This medicinal substance is also used as an external agent:

  • for nursing mothers who have cracked nipples
  • to improve skin condition. It becomes more elastic, moisturized, fine wrinkles are smoothed, irritation is eliminated,
  • for healing wounds, scratches, abrasions,
  • with stomatitis,
  • eliminates age spots.

Important! Rosehip oil can be instilled into the nose for rhinitis, rhinitis, pharyngitis. Also apply to the face of wrinkles.

Medicinal properties of fruits

In the juicy fruits of the shrub contains a large number of nutrients with medicinal properties of wild rose:

  • vegetable fiber and various acids,
  • tannins,
  • vitamins - C, PP, K, E, B6,
  • minerals - molybdenum, calcium, magnesium, potassium and others,
  • essential substances.

Important! There are phytoncides, carotene, organic acids, tannins in hips.
Teas and decoctions from fruits are used as a general tonic for children, during pregnancy and for women who breastfeed. These medicines can be safely consumed in the presence of fever, muscle aches, coughs, and runny nose, when most medicines are contraindicated. They can also be used for the prevention of colds.

Rosehip has a positive effect on the circulatory system, metabolic processes in the body. It is used in the treatment of scurvy, anemia, inflammation of the bladder, kidneys.

Means containing the fruits of plants have choleretic properties, removes from the body the excess fluid that can accumulate in the tissues. Regular consumption of rosehip tea normalizes blood pressure, improves the functioning of the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, intestines. It strengthens the walls of blood vessels, has hemostatic and anti-inflammatory qualities.
Read! How to brew rosehip and drink it for the treatment of various diseases can be found in our article.

Rosehip infusion

It is used to improve well-being during colds and flu, stimulates the digestive system, cleans the walls of blood vessels from cholesterol plaques, nourishes the body with useful substances.
Important! Rosehip infusion can be used for rinsing the mouth with bleeding gums, stomatitis. If you want to brew dried rosehip, how to do this, read our article.
To prepare the medicine, use two or three handfuls of dry shrub fruits, which need to be put in a thermos and pour 930 ml of boiling water. Infuse healing liquid throughout the day, after which it can be applied inside.

Sing three cups of rosehip infusion per day. During treatment, do not consume more than a liter of fluid per day. To improve taste, add a spoonful of natural honey or sugar to the prepared medicine.

Remedy for men

Hawthorn in combination with wild rose has a positive effect on the sexual function of men.

The recipe for healing remedies:

  1. Use 1 tbsp. l hawthorn to pour 230 ml of hot rosehip infusion.
  2. Put this liquid in a small container in a water bath. Keep on low heat for 18 minutes.
  3. Remove from heat, leave for 50 minutes in an airtight container.
  4. Strain the prepared infusion, take in the form of heat.

An hour before the main meals, drink a means, previously dividing it into small portions.


Rosehip infusion is very useful for the human body, but it must be taken with caution when:

  • gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer,
  • with gastritis, which is accompanied by high acidity,
  • with thrombophlebitis.

Cooked drugs contain a large amount of acids in their composition, so after using them you must rinse your mouth with plain water. Also, do not take funds with the content of wild rose for a long time. It is best to take short courses of treatment for 7-10 days each with short breaks.

What is the difference?

And what difference do you ask, the grape is a berry or a fruit? Why is it so important to call it a berry?

  • First, according to the explanatory dictionary, we can learn that the berries include all the fruits growing on bushes. But fruits are also fruits, but they grow on shrubs and trees. Again you can get confused.
  • Secondly, according to botany, only the fruit whose seeds and flesh developed from one ovary, and the clusters of this plant fit the description, can be called a berry.

Based on these data, the question: “Grapes are a berry or fruit” should not arise.

Grapes are ...

If a person does not have an education in the field of botany, it is not surprising that when asked about what a grape is - a berry or fruit, it will not immediately find the answer.

For many, this is the same thing. The confusion is also due to the fact that the fresh fruit is a berry, and the dried fruit is already dried fruit.

In addition, our subconscious also works: we take everything sweet, tasty and juicy to the fruit category.

Some terms and concepts

In order to determine whether a grape belongs to a certain category, it is necessary to turn to the biological sciences and consider in more detail the terminology of the notion “Grapes”. It is best to ask for help to the sciences, for example, botany or popular dictionaries.

The grapes are considered ovoid or spherical berries., which belong to the type of fruit growing in individual clusters and have from 15 to 300 stuff in each. The berries can vary in color, there are white, green, purple, crimson, black, dark blue and even pink.

By the way, the white variety of this fruit is not white at all, but green, but evolutionarily derived from the violet variety. The encyclopedia dictionary reports that ripe grapes are sweet berries. The answer is obvious: this food product, in its mature form is a berry, has a thin skin and flesh.

Plant history in Russia

The history of this plant goes deep into antiquity. When first planted a vine is difficult to find out even to historians. One can only assume that it was about 9 thousand years ago in the territory where Syria is now located.

From there, the plant was brought to ancient Egypt. Wine from its fruit was very much appreciated by the inhabitants, but with the adoption of Islam, its breeding fell into decay. This is explained by the fact that the Quran forbade the use of wine.

In Russia, the first vineyard arose in Astrakhan in 1613, which at that time was called “the gate to Russia”. A little later, the father of Peter the Great Alexey planted a vine near Moscow. Peter the Great continued the direction of his father. He decided that the grapes were a useful and profitable shrub, ordering the Don Cossacks to grow a “noble” plant.

Currently, more than 2000 grape varieties are grown in our country. Sunny Georgia is famous for its amazing varieties of these berries in flavor and taste. The age of the vine, on which the grapes grow, can be determined by the thickness of its trunk and branches. For example, the diameter of a 40-year-old vine is about 11 centimeters.

There are old icons in Georgiawritten on a vine 40 cm wide, which means several centuries of its age. I. V. Michurin, in order to move the “great vine” to the north, created a whole series of new frost-resistant varieties of this fruit specifically for the northern territories of our country. By the way, there is much more vitamin C in grapes than in lemons.

Popular varieties

There are many varieties of grapes. This is due to the age of the plant and its taste.. There are four main varieties:

  • wine: small sizes of berries are used for wine and tinctures,
  • table: large berries are used in cooking,
  • universal: for juices, compotes, billets and cooking,
  • drying: the color of the berries is dark and light, mainly used for the preparation of raisins.

Benefit for health

The fruit of the grapes is called a berry, beneficial to humans. In ancient times, these fruits treated various diseases. Even now, "grape treatment" is used for such diseases:

  • anemia,
  • the initial stage of tuberculosis,
  • breakdown and exhaustion.

In grape juice a lot of sugar, which is very well absorbed by the body. From grape seeds produce oil used in cosmetics and medicine. The use of grapes in cooking is equally important. Juices, jams, dried - not the whole list of the use of the fruits of these small trees.

A variety of desserts and pastries is used as decorations for jelly and jelly dishes. Cooks use wine vinegar to highlight the taste of some dishes.

Grape berries are the basis for making wine. Among the many varieties for winemaking most often used technical varieties. About a third is used to make red wine, and the same amount for white. The quality of the wine drink depends on the fruit selection of grapes: the original bouquet, the individual color and aftertaste. Cabernet Sauvignon, Syrah, Merlot - the most popular red grapes. For the manufacture of white wine are more Muscat, Chardonnay, Riesling.

Medical applications

In addition to fiber and other nutrients in the berries contain vitamins B and P, iodine, iron, cobalt, copper, manganese, fluorine, zinc.

The fruits are used in the treatment of the spectrum of diseases, which include: intestinal problems, cardiac pathologies, colds and infectious diseases, asthma, anemia. They improve metabolism, help with nervous exhaustion.

Purpose and methods of growing

The purpose of growing grapes can be landscaping or arbours and getting cuttings for reproduction. On our planet now this shrub planted more than 80 thousand square meters. The plant is grown by cutting.

To get quality grapes, cuttings need to be prepared. They are planted in a pit 80 cm deep. After that, the plant should be well watered and fertilized with manure. For further growth the bush needs support. The distance between the holes when landing should be at least one meter.

What is the best frame to use for support - decides himself a lover of landings. The main thing is to be durable - for example, from rebar. The method of cultivation depends on the particular variety. In any case, the goal of agrotechnical measures becomes a rich harvest.

Careful care of young shoots in the first three years from planting is the key to good fertility of the shrub.

So different tastes

Despite the fact that the plant is one, it has a very wide flavor spectrum. Experts call the four basic tastes of this fruit:

  • ordinary taste, it is called neutral - has no clear distinctive features, contains acid and sweetness,
  • taste of cedar, reminiscent of the taste of berries of northern herbaceous plants,
  • the taste is "isabel," is similar to the taste of pineapple or grapefruit,
  • The taste is nutmeg, the taste of nutmeg is clearly captured.

The advantages of some varieties

The absence of seeds in the fruits of some varieties of this shrub tree is a genetic feature laid down by breeding specialists when breeding other varieties with sweet juice.

Boneless grapes enjoy the special love of the consumer. These varieties of plants have a high level. They are cold-resistant and high-yielding. Kishmish and korinka are bright representatives of a seedless berry variety. Kishmish is a white variety, and korinka is a small, black, amazingly sweet fruit of Corinthian origin.

Seedless species are used for the purpose of obtaining new varieties and hybrids. Berries of this type are ideal for making raisins, eating even for children, making exquisite cognacs and aromatic wines.

Some interesting facts

Clusters of fruits are often depicted in works of art in paintings, sculptures, emblems of various cities, medals, and are also mentioned in the Bible. The vine appeared in metaphors as a symbol of Jesus Christ. Perhaps it comes from ancient mythology, where the Egyptian god Shai personifies wealth, fun and abundance.

The Greek god Dionysus personifies luxury and wealth, and the Roman Bacchus is a symbol of prosperity. So it turns out that a bunch of grapes is the emblem of the chosen people. Bunches of grapes are present in the emblems of the cities of Yalta, Izyum, Tashkent, Chuguev, Tel Aviv, as well as the Union republics.

Grapes - one of the most common crops on earth. In all countries, we have tried to grow this sweet, fleshy berry both on an industrial scale and in our own vegetable garden. Breeders, despite the existence of more than 600 varieties of wine berries, continue to display the latest and most unusual.

The secret of the world popularity of grapes lies in its usefulness and sweetness. In its composition, the berries have a large number of nutrients. They are used not only in cooking, but also in medicine and other industries. Grapes are berries, sweet and healthy.

Scope of grapes

A large number of people eat grapes simply in dried or fresh form. This is very useful, because it has a lot of nutrients. For this, as a rule, table varieties are grown. The fruits of the vine are used to make wine, juices, jams, compotes, and even vodka. For these purposes, technical varieties are used. Very often one can observe that the grapes serve as a decorative element, its arches and arbours decorate it with clusters, since it is not so demanding to care for the ground and changes in temperature conditions.

In grapes, not only the flesh is useful, but also the bones, which are widely used in the manufacture of cosmetics: various creams, scrubs and oils for face and body skin care, as well as in the manufacture of therapeutic agents in traditional medicine. Due to its attractive appearance, grapes are used in decorating dishes. In cooking with grapes prepare a variety of dishes: pastries, salads, desserts, snacks. Also, wine vinegar obtained from the fruits of this plant is highly demanded in the preparation of dishes.

The history of the emergence and popularity of grapes

Many people are interested in interest: “Is the grape a fruit, or a berry, or a vegetable?” It is often called a berry, but the raisins are called dried fruit, although it is obtained by drying the grapes. How really? Is grapes a berry or a fruit? The answer may be to consider the history of its origin and analysis of some of the main terms.

The history of grapes dates back to ancient times. This is evidenced by the archeologists found during the excavations with the images of bunches of grapes.

Homeland of this plant is Asia. Later, grapes became widely popular in Europe. In Greece and Rome, no feast could do without these fruits and wine drinks. Even later, the cultivation of this culture has spread in the territories of America.

Is grapes a berry or a fruit?

Returning to the main issue, it should be noted that there are several points of view that allow this to be understood.

В русском языке "плод" и "фрукт" часто бывают взаимозаменяющими словами. Слово "фрукт" используется в обиходе, в бытовой и разговорной речи. "Плод" - это научный термин в ботанике. In the dictionary, it is defined as the part of a plant with seeds that is formed from a flower. And the berry is a fruit with seeds, but also with a juicy inter-fruit. The concept of fruit in the botany dictionary is missing. So what are grapes? Is it a fruit or a berry?

If you look at the encyclopedia, the berry there is defined as a fruit with pulp containing seeds, thin skin. In Ozhegov's dictionary, "berry" is a fruit that grows on shrubs and herbaceous plants.

Grapes should be considered a berry. It consists of thin skin and flesh with small seeds.

And in cooking grapes - is it a berry or a fruit? From this position, the grape is also a berry, because it has a small size.