[ads4]Lantana - an amazing plant with color-changing flowers is a godsend for any interior.
The possibility of the formation of lantana in the form of a tree or bush and lemon mint flavor able to charm any grower. And proper care will allow the plant for many years to surprise and delight the home.
Rod Lantana or in Latin Lantana, which includes about 150 species, comes from the verben family. Tropical America is rightly considered the birthplace of lanthanum, from where it spread throughout the world.
In a temperate climate, lanthanum grows, but does not withstand winter. Interestingly, this plant tends to grow, crowding out "neighbors".
Lantana is rightfully recognized as one of most ornamental plants for home or garden.
Unpretentiousness and ability to adapt even to the poor land made this plant favorite of many flower growers. Young lantana blooms more abundantly and longer than adults.
The most common type, called lanthanum prickly or Lantana camara. In room conditions, the plant reaches half a meter in height.
Lantana prickly differs covered small spines stem, dark green toothed leaves and white pubescence on the underside of the leaf.
With age, lanthanum grows, and its the stems turn wood. This allows you to form a plant in the form of a bush or a stem tree.
Plant inherent pink, yellow, carmine-red and even purple hues. Colors replace each other, and at some point the inflorescence is colored in all colors at once. Flowering occurs from May to August.
There are several popular varieties of lanthanum prickly:
- Goldensonne - golden flowers,
- Cocktail - inflorescences of brick-red and orange shades,
- Naida - white flowers with a yellow eye,
- Aloha - Golden inflorescences,
- Sunkiss - brick-red and orange flowers,
- Schneewittchen - white flowers with a yellow eye,
- White dwarf - white inflorescences,
- Samanta - lemon yellow inflorescences.
A rarer, but no less beautiful view is lantana montevidea or in Latin Lantana montevidensis with flexible shoots. It is great for ampel growing.
The leaves of this plant are slightly smaller in size, and the inflorescences are painted in lilac-pink or purple shades. Flowering occurs from june to november
Selection and lighting
Lantana is very big lover of light. She needs at least 3 hours a day in direct sunlight on the south window.
Plant tolerates well and partial shade, but in this case not so plentiful blooms. In the warm season it is advisable to place lantana on the balcony, veranda, and best of all in the garden.
Optimal temperature the content of the flower in the summer - from 16 to 24 ° C. In winter, lanthanum is best placed in a cool room with a temperature of around 10 ° C.
Watering and moisture
Water the lanthanum need regularlyso that the soil always remains slightly wet. From the drying of the soil the plant can reset the inflorescences and even refuse to bloom.
In the cold season watering is reduced and the soil is only slightly moistened.
Lantana tolerates moderate humidity quite well, but regular spraying will only benefit her. In addition, water treatments will protect the plant from dangerous pests.
Soil for lanthanum should choose nutritious and loose, so that it is well missed water and air. Ready mix for flowering houseplants.
But the best thing make an earthy mixture yourself. To do this, mix:
- 1 part of coarse river sand,
- 3 pieces of turf land,
- 1 part of humus earth,
- 4 pieces of leafy ground.
Transplanted plant annually in spring. It is advisable to take the pot 1–3 cm more than before: the lanthanum roots are small and weakly branched. Do not forget about the layer of drainage at the bottom of the pot.
During the period of active growth and flowering, it is recommended to feed lanthanum with complex fertilizer for flowering plants once a month.
All information about the reproduction of ficuses at home can be found in our material.
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Trimming and Pinching lanthanes allow you to form it in the form of a lush bush, stem tree or ampelous plant.
The best thing begin pruning in the spring after a period of rest, reducing the shoots by two thirds. With proper pruning, lantana shrub is covered with a solid hat of bright inflorescences. Withered flowers should be removed in time.
Reproduction of lanthanum
Lantana propagates in two ways:
- Seeds. In early March, the seeds of lanthanum should be planted in a wet peat-sand mixture, slightly pressing them into the soil. Capacity with seeds is placed on a bright window with a temperature of not more than 20 °C. The first shoots usually appear within two weeks. After the seedlings reach 10 cm in height, you can pick them in separate pots, and lower the temperature to 15 ° C. it will help to avoid pulling seedlings.
- Cuttings. During spring pruning, it is necessary to cut the cuttings from 8 to 10 cm long, clean them from the lower leaves and moisten the tips of the cuttings with a growth stimulator. Root them should be in a wet mixture of equal parts of sand and peat in a closed "greenhouse", airing every day. After 3 weeks, the shelter must be removed by placing the container in a bright place. For better branching regularly pinch the tops of young plants.
Due to dry air or improper care, lanthanum can suffer from:
Pest control Various insecticides are used, which are applied for 1 to 2 weeks every 2 or 3 days.
Diseases and Frequent Problems
Lantana can get sick rust - this is lethargy and leaf spot due to high humidity. The solution is to reduce moisture, remove diseased leaves and use fungicides. Prevention - regular soil loosening.
Common plant problems:
- Yellow spots on the leaves - spider mite attack. The solution is to increase the humidity of the air or use an insecticide.
- The plant sheds leaves for the winter. - a natural process.
- Plant dying off - attack aphids. The solution is spraying with soapy solution with alcohol or using an insecticide.
Description, types, recommendations for the care of lanthanum and reproduction from seed at home, see the video:
Admire the variety of colors and varieties of lanthanum in the video below:
As you can see, to care for the original and beautiful lanthanum is not difficult. Give her a little attention and care - and an unusual and bright plant will give you his colorful flowers and wonderful aroma.
Since in wild conditions this flower prefers sunny places, it also needs a large amount of light in apartment conditions. Thus, in the cold season, it is recommended that lantana be put on the window sill of a window located in the southern part of the room, and with the onset of spring warm days it should be moved to the street. In the case when the transfer to the fresh air is impossible, the plant for the summer is required to be rearranged to the east or west window, and the room must be systematically aired.
In the cold season it should be placed in a rather cool room (from 7 to 10 degrees). In spring and summer, the plant requires heat (approximately, 20-25 degrees). For wintering it can be placed in a winter garden or a cool greenhouse.
He feels fine with low air humidity, but experts advise spraying lanthanum as often as possible.
How to water
In the warm season, abundant watering, and in the cold - moderate. It is impossible to transfuse both the plant and prevent overdrying the earthy coma (it provokes abscission of the foliage). A large flower with lush leaf mass requires more abundant watering. During the cold wintering ground need only a little wet.
There are no special requirements for the soil, but too fertile substrate provokes the growth of foliage, but flowering will be scarce. For planting is suitable a ground mix consisting of garden soil, sand and leaf humus.
During the growing season, lanthanum is fed 2 times a month. For this purpose, a weak solution of a complete complex fertilizer for flowering plants is used. In winter, fertilizing is not performed.
Transplantation is carried out once a year in January or February (almost at the very end of the dormant period). Do not forget about good drainage. Often the plant is not transplanted, and cuttings are cut from it, which are then rooted.
Since the appearance of inflorescences occurs only on young shoots, then in the last winter weeks it is necessary to cut off old and damaged branches. The remaining shoots should be shortened by 1/3 part.
For reproduction using cuttings or seeds.
In the store you can buy seeds of various varieties. Sowing is done in February using loose and light soil. Place in heat (at least 20 degrees). With the emergence of shoots requires a cool, in order to avoid pulling the plants. Emerging seedlings should dive into small cups.
Cuttings from the mother plant cut off the semi-woody and better “with the heel”. Their length should be about 10 centimeters. For rooting, they put it in a mixture of sand and peat, taken in a ratio of 1: 1 and put in a cool place (from 16 to 18 degrees). Before planting, the tip of the cutting is recommended to dip into a drug that stimulates root growth. After full rooting, young seedlings are transplanted into separate flower pots.
Types and varieties
Lantana camara (vaulted or prickly) is a native of Latin America, acclimatized in the tropics and subtropics of other regions of the Earth. In temperate climates, this heat-loving handicraft plant freezes in winter.
Each individual flower of lanthanum inflorescences Camara changes its color at different stages of maturation. Together they create a striking orange-yellow-red-pink multicolor.
Lantana lubava variety based on camar, reaches 1.5 meters in height. It is characterized by 4-sided pubescent shoots, hard grayish-green leaves and small flowers that change color from orange to pink or reddish. The flowering period lasts from spring to the last days of autumn.
Lantana white includes varieties bred for the purpose of producing monochromatic flowers (in this case white), such as lantana white queen.
Lantana variegated - A number of varieties, a distinctive feature of which are variegated leaves with pale green, whitish and silvery speckles. These varieties require additional care measures, as they are weakened by artificial modification.
Lantana montevidea - an exotic type of lanthanum, rarely found in stores. Its flexible lining stems, almost immediately after planting, acquire an ampel form, as if they themselves suggest placing the plant in a container or hanging basket.
This species is characterized by reduced foliage and shortened petioles compared with camara. "Lantana purple“, As they can call this species, has inflorescences, painted in pink-lilac and purple colors.
Lantana home care
As noted above, lanthanum is absolutely not a demanding plant. In nature, it grows well on nutrient loamy soils, to match our nettle. However, when forcing a house, you may encounter a variety of problems with light and location.
The fact is that at home lantana needs space and good lighting - she loves bright scattered rays of light. At the same time, care should be taken to ensure that she has enough space, and to provide protection from direct sunlight during hot midday hours.
In spring and summer, lanthanum should be plentifully watered, allowing only the top layer of soil to dry out, and the water volumes should be increased proportionally to the growth rate - when it slows down, watering is reduced.
In winter, on the contrary, watering should be very moderate so that the soil is well dried, and at lower temperatures, even more rare.
Soil for lantana
The soil for lanthanum should not be very fertile, otherwise flowering will be scarce.
In a pot for room species, leaf humus is mixed, mixed in equal proportions with sand.
Transplantation is recommended every spring with the onset of March. For this purpose, a spacious pot with a good opening for drainage is selected and its bottom is drained by approximately 2 cm.
Soil is made up of light turf soil, leaf soil, humus and sand in the ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1, sometimes pieces of birch coal are added to this.
Pruning lantana in spring
Before the start of active growth, renewing pruning is performed. She is exposed to the old side branches.
This procedure allows you to get the desired shape of the bush - in the form of a ball, a stem tree, an ampelous flower.
Lantana from seeds at home
Some varieties of lanthanum are grown from seeds purchased in the store. Before planting the seeds, they need to be steamed in a thermos for 2 hours, and then put in a growth stimulator solution.
This is followed by preliminary germination, sowing into the soil and covering the top with a film. The first leaves appear no earlier than a month in warm conditions with high humidity. A dive is made not earlier than the moment when 4 leaves are formed.
Diseases and pests
Diseases caused by various fungi are the result of improper care for lanthanum. Their manifestations - wilting, rust, spotting, rot on parts of the plant. For these cases, you should stock up with fungicidal solutions, which, if necessary, spray the beauty from the tropics.
The pest most often affecting lanthanum is the whitefly. This insect can leave as many as 200 eggs on the inside of the leaf, out of which, during the summer (in a humid environment), the offspring appears more than 10 times, feeding on the sap of the donor plant.
Glue traps will help to cope with an adult insect, while foliage with eggs of larvae must be discarded. Other zones of the plant are recommended to be treated in a solution of soap, then wash it off. In this case, phytopherms are also effective, suitable for fighting aphids and spider mites, which attack lanthanum quite rarely.
Lantana is an unpretentious plant that can be grown at home and in the garden. It blooms beautifully and for a long time. However, it should be remembered that the berries and juice of the plant are poisonous, so small children and pets should not be in contact with the plant.
Lantana is a perennial shrub of the verben family, which combines 150 species. This plant grows in the tropics of America, from where it was distributed to countries with a similar climate. If the conditions of existence are favorable, then lanthanum begins rapid reproduction. In temperate climates, the plant in winter completely freezes.
Popular type - lantana camara. In flower pots, the bush does not grow more than 50 cm in height, whereas in the natural environment the height of the bush reaches 150 cm. This species has upright tetrahedral spiny stems. Serrated leaves, oval-shaped, green. The flowers are quite small, collected in spherical inflorescences.
So in a certain period of growth on one bush, you can contemplate the riot of color. The flowering period is long - from May to August.
Very rarely on sale can you see another look - lantana montevidea. This species has flexible creeping shoots, therefore, it is possible to land this species in suspended pots. As it grows, the plant takes an ampel form. Inflorescences with a diameter of not more than 2 cm, in lilac-purple tones. Flowering time - from June to November. Thanks to the glands, which secrete essential substances, when you touch the leaves, a pleasant subtle aroma appears.
Lantana - a beautiful flowerthat can grow at home. For good growth, it needs good lighting, a warm place and protection from direct sun.
In the summer, bushes need to be taken out into the yard, while there is a build-up of green mass and, therefore, abundant flowering begins. Lantana feels great in the hot summer, only requires more frequent watering. In regions with mild winters, the plant can be grown outdoors.
Scattered sunlight and direct sunlight for up to 5 hours is one of the conditions of abundant flowering.
Temperature and humidity
The optimum air temperature for lanthanum - 22–27 ° С. In winter the temperature is lowered to 6 ° С to ensure a rest period. The plant easily transfers dry air in rooms with rare spraying. Spraying is forbidden during the flowering period, as the flowers wither quickly. In winter, the soil is kept slightly moist.
The flower is considered quite unpretentious, it can grow even on scarce soils. At home, to get a luxurious, pleasing to the eye the plant, it is best to use fertile light soil.
Composition, which can be prepared independently: 1 part of garden soil, leaf earth and coarse-grained river sand or perlite.
Особенности ухода в домашних условиях
Since lanthanum is an unpretentious plant, then caring for it at home is no different from caring for other brothers. Light is importantAs mentioned above, the plant needs at least 5 sundials. The overmoistening of the soil is harmful, however, even with its strong drying, the lower leaves die off, which makes the plant not attractive.
For abundant bloom in the summer, the flower is watered every 3-5 days, and in the winter during dormancy - once every 2 weeks. Water should be at room temperature and must be separated.
In the summer, lanthanum needs feeding 1 time in 2 weeks. Preference should be given to organic. Be sure to monitor the nitrogen content, because with its excess will grow green mass to the detriment of flowers. During flowering and strong growth of lanthanum fertilized with complex mineral fertilizer. Conduct such manipulations 1 time per month. In winter, during the rest period, fertilizing is not needed.
Formation of the crown is very important for the plant. With the onset of spring, when everything around comes alive, be sure to pruning lantana. Pruning and subsequent nipping shoots provide an opportunity to get the perfect crown, and also creates the conditions for abundant flowering.
Faded buds need to be removed on time. By trimming the bush, you can give a different shape and shape it to the desired height.
This beauty every 1-3 years must be transplanted due to the rapid growth of the roots. The best time is the middle of spring.
The pot needs to be picked up several centimeters more than the previous one. Flowering does not take place, but the root system will grow. At the bottom of the tank lay out the drainage (pebbles, expanded clay) to avoid stagnation of water and, accordingly, rotting of the roots. Drainage takes 1/3 of the capacity for planting. When transplanting remove part of the earthy coma, add new soil and nutrients for good growth. If the plant is very old, transplanting it is a lot of stress. In this case, if possible, change the topsoil to 1/3 of the pot.
How to multiply lanthanum
Lantana - unpretentious plant, propagated by seeds and cuttings.
Seeds sown in the spring in a pre-moistened soil under the film and maintain a temperature of 20 ° C. After an average of 14 days, friendly shoots appear. When the sprouts grow to 12 cm, it is necessary to pick a pick and lower the temperature to 15 ° C. This is done to avoid pulling seedlings.
The foliage of the shrub is periodically attacked by the following pests: aphid, scale insects, tick and whitefly. In open land, these pests are the most dangerous. For prevention, it is recommended to treat the bushes with Aktara or Aktellik every spring.
Diseases and problems in growing
Lantana in a cool room with excessive watering suffers from leaf rust, even in this situation, root rot can develop.
It is necessary to change the conditions of plant maintenance in winter: to provide a period of rest, to loosen the soil. If the flower is still sick, you need to prune the plant and process it with a fungicide.
As can be seen from the foregoing, the lanthanum flower is very beautiful and completely unpretentious in growing and caring. Therefore, everyone who sees a photo of this plant will immediately want to grow it in his own plot. With proper care of the plant, you will receive a reward - a luxurious bloom.
What does lanthanum look like
Lantana (Lantana) is a genus of perennial plants of the Verbenaceae family (Verbenaceae). It is widely distributed in South and Central America, some species are found in Africa and Southeast Asia. According to various sources, the genus includes from 140 to 170 species.
Lantana grows very fast in nature
The name of the plant gave the famous Swedish systematizer Karl Linna. "Lantana" the ancient Romans called Kalina. Apparently, the choice of botany was influenced by the characteristic celtic shape of the inflorescences.
Fans of houseplants appreciate lanthanum for the unusual flowering. In addition to the fact that it is long (from April to October), the petals gradually change shade. This happens literally before our eyes, within 2–3 days. At the same time on the bush you can see the scarlet, orange, bright yellow, white flowers. They are collected in numerous dense inflorescences in the form of an umbrella or almost a regular ball. It has a pleasant aroma. If lanthanum has enough light, it can bloom continuously almost all year round.
Lanthanum inflorescences in the shape of an almost regular ball
After flowering, small, rounded berries appear, each with two seeds. Unripe green fruits, they can not eat, they are poisonous. Ripe berries, where lanthanum grows, are eaten, most often added to various desserts. The taste is reminiscent of mulberry.
The immature fruits of lantana are poisonous.
The plant branches intensively. In nature, it is a shrub or tree, reaching 3 m in height. Lantana is different growth rate, so in the home needs a regular pruning. You can shorten it to about a height of 30-50 cm. Shoots are covered with smooth greenish-gray bark, sometimes with frequent spikes.
Oppositely located leaves slightly pubescent. The average length is about 4–5 cm. To the touch they are rather tough, rough, as if made of plastic. The shape of the leaves resemble nettle. Edge in the same way cut teeth. Streaks clearly marked.
The leaves also spread a specific tart flavor that is not liked by everyone. It guesses notes of mint, lemon, camphor, and some feel the onion "amber." To make it spread around the room, a light touch to the flower is enough. However, the other smell very much. Dry leaves of lanthanum are even used to make sachets.
The leaves of lantana are also pretty, but this is not the main advantage of the plant
The taste of the leaves is also not very pleasant, give bitterness. The plant produces a special toxin, covering them with a thin film. This feature reliably protects lanthanum from the encroachments of domestic animals.
In countries where lanthanum is not an endemic plant, it is a real disaster. It grows very quickly, mastering all new territories and displacing the local flora. Against a foreign "invader", the states are forced to take tough measures. For example, in Australia and South Africa it is officially forbidden to plant lanthanum in parks and gardens, even private ones.
Where climate allows and where it is not prohibited, lanthanum is widely used in landscape design.
Lantana has many nicknames. It is called “nettle” (for the characteristic shape of the leaves), “girlish word”, “changeable rose”, “switching flower” (for “inconsistency” of coloring), “fried eggs with bacon”, “Spanish flag” (for the same color range) . Other unofficial names - “coastal rose”, “big sage”, “small berry”.
Lantana petals change color literally on the eyes
Species, popular with amateur flower growers
Of the many types of lanthanum, only a few have adapted to domestic conditions. Most of the plants found in amateur florist flats are breeding hybrids, whose "parent" is lanthanum prickly. Many of them have larger and monochromatic flowers. Also, the creators "corrected" other parameters. Such lanthanes grow much slower and rarely reach a height of more than 30 cm.
- Lantana is prickly, spinous or vaulted (camara). Stems are thorny, hence the name. The leaves are rich green, egg- or heart-shaped, covered from the inside out with a short soft “nap” of white color. The “flavor” is specific, not very pleasant. Petioles long. The color of the petals changes from bright yellow to scarlet or from pinkish to peach. Flowering occurs in May-October. The diameter of the inflorescence is about 5 cm.
- Lantana Sello (selloviana). The shoots are thin, flexible, similar to the lash. Leaves with a light edge on the back. The flowers are very small (3-5 mm in diameter), mauve. The base of the petals are bright yellow.
- Lantana montevideisky (montevidensis). The shoots are as flexible, curly as those of lantana Sello, hanging at the base. The flowers are brighter, lavender or purple. The leaves are small (2-3 cm in length). Inflorescence diameter - 2-3 cm. There are natural mutations with white or yellowish flowers.
- Lantana wrinkled (rugulosa). Shrub 1–1,2 m high. Shoots are straight, covered with small thorns. The leaves are dark green, the front side is rough to the touch. The flowers are pale purple.
- Lantana sage (salviifolia). Intensively branching shrub height of about 2 m. The shoots are thin, curly. Prozhilki stand out very sharply. The hue of the petals varies from pastel pink to pale magenta.
- Lantana is blood red (sanguinea). The height of the shrub is about 1.5 m. The shoots are thin, upright. The leaves are large (6–7 cm), oval with a pointed tip. The flowers are red-orange.
- Lantana hybrid (hybrida). Compact shrub height of 70–80 cm. Leaf plate “wrinkled”. Lemon yellow buds change color to red-orange.
- Lantana variegata. Differs in motley leaves with pale green, white and silver spots. This artificial modification greatly weakens the plant, so it needs more thorough care.
There are several dozen species of this plant. But not all are suitable for growing in a pot. Some do not fit in the tub at all - they are so spreading and lush.
Lantana Camara is considered the most popular type of this oriental shrub. In some sources it is called thorny, in others - vaulted. This is a plant with oval, heart-shaped leaves. Gradually, the yellow lanthanum camara blossoms turn red in a fantastic way, and the pink ones turn orange. Magic, and only.
Growing lantana at home does not require special skills. And, perhaps, after the first experience, you will want to “make friends” with other varieties of the chameleon plant. The table presents the most attractive and popular species in the floricultural environment.