Planted variety Karina. The decorative honeysuckle grows nearby. Will pollination occur?
Planted variety Karina. Will there be pollination from decorative honeysuckle?
Thanks for the info and nice clean site.
Last year I purchased 3 honeysuckle bushes. Two had to give this year's harvest, they woke up in the spring perfectly, started to pick up the leaves, and then some kind of leaf drying began, now on the leaves, or rust, or something else. Good your site, but I would like to read about diseases and methods of struggle in honeysuckle. Sprayed the drug from spider mites, because there was a cobweb.
Tell me, please, if you had to plant bushes in the following way: honeysuckle-currants-honeysuckle, will this affect the yield? Between the bushes of honeysuckle distance 2.8 m.
at this distance - no
What will please honeysuckle
In the last 10-15 years, edible honeysuckle bushes have appeared on many dachas. They bloom beautifully and stably supply the owners with very useful and tasty fruits, and moreover before many other berries. Honeysuckle gardeners happy and unpretentious.
It is possible to grow up culture on slightly shaded sites. If the soil is acidic there, at least one month before planting it, it is necessary to sprinkle it with lime or chalk: 500-600 g per 1 square meter. m
Planting material is easiest to get by dividing an overgrown bush. This method provides high
survival rate of seedlings. For plants to bear fruit, they must be at least 2-3. It is better to plant honeysuckle according to the 1 × 1.5 m scheme. The pits should be 0.5 m deep and about 60 cm in diameter. It is advisable to fill not very large stones at the bottom, but 8 soil, which the roots will be filled with, add some organic fertilizer. Formative pruning can be done only 1 time in 2-3 years.
Already 3-4-year-old bush of honeysuckle gives 1.5-3 kg of berries. They are quite useful in any form. Only 1-2 tsp. per day significantly improve well-being.
Useful but demanding
I love honeysuckle! This is a very valuable berry, which improves the strength and permeability of blood vessels. Its berries are beneficial to those suffering from cardiovascular diseases, atherosclerosis and hypertension.
Young branches of honeysuckle brew, pour the broth into the bath, it is very helpful in the treatment of articular rheumatism.
But the main thing is that the honeysuckle is a very fast-growing and early-growing berry, with high winter hardiness. And very early, I gather the harvest in early June. It is completely indifferent to returnable spring frosts, but to the conditions it is demanding. Dry and too wet places are not for honeysuckle. She loves the sun and wind protection.
If you decide to plant this plant, it is better to do it in the fall. Planting in the spring is less desirable - in this case, the honeysuckle is very sick. Bushes planted at a distance of one and a half meters from each other. The base of the stem when planting a little bit deep. I propagate the plant with lignified and green cuttings and layering.
Easy care - loosening, destruction of weeds. Watering in the ring grooves at a distance of half a meter from the bush. Then - mulching. Top dressing-spring and early summer.
The berry season at summer houses each year opens blue honeysuckle. Strawberries have not ripened yet, currants are green, prickly and inhospitable gooseberries. And on the lush honeysuckle bushes, oblong ripe berries, soaked with a gray-haze, are already visible ...
This plant in our gardens came from the Far East - it was the local inhabitants who in the 19th century began to transplant this prolific berry shrub from the taiga closer to the house. In the XX century professional gardeners became interested in honeysuckle. Today we are attracted to these berries by their healing power. They support the energy of the heart and the strength of the circulatory system. The pectins contained in the berries bind harmful substances in the human body, radionuclides and remove them naturally, with benefits for our health. There are monosaccharides here, there is ascorbine, which strengthens the immune system, and, most importantly, it is perhaps the active phenolic compounds that keep the thinnest blood vessels in operation - capillaries, including those that feed the brain. So, those who regularly eat honeysuckle berries are not afraid of sclerosis!
The best varieties of garden honeysuckle were left in our memory by Professor Maria Nikolaevna Plekhanova from All-Russian
Institute of Plant Industry. N.I. Vavilova. She visited all corners of Russia, where honeysuckle grows in a wild form, and successfully carried out its cultivation.
The taste of these berries is different - sour, sweet, juicy or dryish, according to their consistency they are tender, dense, leathery ... Each honeysuckle variety is characteristic
fruit shape. There are some varieties whose berries resemble ancient Greek amphoras! One of them is called - Amphora. M.N. Plekhanova led him along with colleague A.V. Kondrikova near Petersburg, at Pavlovskaya VIR station.
Professional fruit growers of the Leningrad region in collaboration with scientists and lecturers for many years conducted a variety test of this important garden crop, so that amateurs know which berries are the most productive, unpretentious in the conditions of country life. When grown in the Luga district of the Leningrad Region, the Morena variety was in the first place in terms of yield: on average per year it produced 39 centners of berries per hectare. In the second place in terms of yield, the Pavlovskaya variety is 29 centners per hectare. On the third - the Amphora / l Blue Spindle varieties (24 centners per hectare). The maximum yield for the years of testing - 85 centners per hectare - was obtained again on the berries of the Morena variety.
And how big are the honeysuckle berries? The largest in the Amphora variety - 1.6 g. V variety Morena - 1.4 g. According to the tasters, the most delicious berries are Honeysuckle Violet.
In the dacha garden, four bushes are enough for us for berries - a couple of different varieties.
Beautifully write you would write books!
A few years ago, I became interested in sowing honeysuckle seeds. When, after 3-4 years, the seedlings had the first berries, they tasted them, selected one with the best berries, sowed again, and picked them again. The last selection was made from 150 seedlings - singled out one with sweet fruits. My wife, Valentina Sergeyevna, first tasted it and immediately offered to expand the planting by removing old varieties. Then on
the tasting was attended by familiar gardeners, they also liked sweet berries very much. I share the green cuttings, I hope the variety will not disappear. And I named it in honor of the first taster - my wife - Valentine.
Bullfinches birds are very beautiful, but, alas, and harm is harmful.
They got into our hands to pluck the kidneys from the honeysuckle. One bush is almost ruined. Now, in late autumn, above the bushes, we install lightweight structures from bars and a simple fishing net. Now the bushes for the birds out of reach!
Description of varieties
The steady and lush shrub with a height of up to 4 m has a dense crown formed by hollow shoots and green leaves of an egg-shaped form. At the end of spring, a long flowering of the culture is observed, in which flowers of various color bloom, exuding a light scent with a sweetish hint. At the end of the summer there is a phase of fruiting.
The brightest representatives of the form:
- Tatar Honeysuckle Rosea is a spectacular shrub with a pyramidal crown, tipped with bright pink buds in late May. Flowering in the middle lane is observed in early summer, when the plant is decorated with five-petal flowers with a pink tinge. Fruits are orange.
- Tatar Honeysuckle Hack Red - flowering shrub with a spreading crown. In late spring and early summer, when the flowering phase begins, rich red flowers bloom, contrasting against the background of pink, still closed buds. After a time, on the site of the inflorescences you can see the round fruits of purple color.
- Tatar Honeysuckle Grandiflora is a delicate variety, distinguished by white and fragrant flowers that adorn shoots with rich green foliage.
Planting Tatar honeysuckle in the open ground
Planting honeysuckle Tatar includes several main stages.
Site selection. Undemanding culture with a luxurious crown perfectly developed as in light shading, and in sunny areas. Culture in the wild gives preference to loose, drained soils with a good fertile layer and a neutral reaction. Can grow on saline soil.
Preparation of planting material. In order for the shrub to develop quickly and enjoy good health, it is necessary to purchase high-quality seedlings. The best option would be to buy a two-year planting material with 3-4 well-developed skeletal branches in a specialized store or nursery. Sapling should be carefully examined for the presence of damaged or dry shoots, roots.
Terms and technology of landing in open ground. The planting dates depend on the root system of the seedling: if it is open, it is better to carry out the work in early autumn, and for the closed one the whole growing season will do. The landing is carried out according to the following scheme:
- Planting pits with dimensions of 40x40 cm are dug 5 days before planting.
- The distance between the holes is maintained from 1.5-3 m, depending on the goals of planting and height of the selected grade.
- At the bottom of the drainage is placed a layer of 5 cm of broken brick or gravel.
- 1.5 kg of compost, 50 g of superphosphate and some ash are poured onto the drainage layer.
- At the time of planting, the pit is filled with water, after which a small mound is made of a substrate composed of a mixture of sod land, peat and sand in a ratio of 3: 1: 1.
- A seedling is placed on the tubercle, the roots of which are laid out.
- Honeysuckle sprinkled with soil mixture so that the neck slightly protruded above its level.
- The soil in the wheel circle is compacted, watered and mulched with sawdust or peat.
Care activities are quite simple and will not take a lot of time and effort from the gardener, which is ideal for busy people who want to decorate the garden with original and spectacular plants.
Water treatments. Regular watering is necessary only for young plants. Over the years, it will take 2-3 times for the entire season to moisten the tree trunk at the rate of 10 liters per bush.
Loosening and mulching. To loosen the soil under the honeysuckle is recommended after each irrigation, which will ensure free air circulation and full development of the plant. In the middle of autumn, it is recommended to mulch the stem around the trunk, which will protect the root system from the negative effects of winter frosts.
Top dressing. During the growing season, you should feed the plant three times with various fertilizers:
- For the first feeding, which is carried out before the awakening of the kidneys, suitable nitrogen fertilizers (urea, ammonium nitrate).
- Phosphate-potassium complexes should be introduced into the phase of budding under the shrub.
- After completion of fruiting, wood ash is introduced under the digging of the tree trunk.
Crop. The shrub is pruned before the start of sap flow or in the middle of autumn. When pruning shoots are shortened by part. Sanitary haircut is carried out only from 6 years of life of the honeysuckle, when all dry and damaged shoots are cut.
Diseases, pests and methods of dealing with them. Tartar honeysuckle is often subjected to attacks by aphids, spider mites, scythos, leaf beetles. If you identify one or more of these pests should immediately spraying the crown insecticidal solution according to the instructions indicated on the package. Among the diseases are powdery mildew, spotting and mosaic, which must be controlled by spraying with copper-containing fungicides.
As preventive measures, in order to prevent harmful organisms from honeysuckle damage, it is recommended to carry out spring spraying with Bordeaux mixture and timely remove dead leaves in the autumn period, which serves as an excellent bedding for pests and pathogens.
Honeysuckle Tatar (Lonicera tatarica) can reproduce both in a generative and vegetative way, which is considered the most productive and effective.
Cuttings. The procedure is usually carried out in the summer using cuttings that are cut from green shoots 12 cm in length with 2-3 knots. The slices on the cuttings are processed by a growth stimulator, after which they are submerged at an angle into the substrate of peat and sand. The container is contained under the film to rooting cuttings. For the winter the box is moved to the room. Planting in the garden is carried out next spring.
Reproduction by layering.A quick way in which three to four year old shoots are buried in the grooves and rooted during the summer. Separation of the parent specimen only for the next year.
Edible or not Tatar honeysuckle
Despite the attractive appearance of small berries of red or orange, the fruits are inedible and have a bitter aftertaste, as well as poisonousness. Thus, the unpretentious shrub Honeysuckle Tatar with lush, decorative crown and bright or delicate flowers - an excellent culture for landscaping homestead and landscape gardening areas.
Type Honeysuckle Tatar - deciduous shrub. Crown of average density, shirokoraskidisty.
Height 3 m, width 4 m. Growth rate is fast. The annual increment is 30 cm in height and 40 cm in width.
To a final height it grows in about 10-20 years.
Germination: 88%. Charming dwarf mixture. Identical branchy bushes, only 15-20 cm tall, bloom at the same time, very early and have the unique ability to bloom in both spring and autumn. A variety of shades of exquisite two-color and classic monophonic flowers add charm to this adorable little girl. Used for flower beds, rabatok, group and mass plantings, mixborders, in addition to shrubs, for gardening balconies, vases, potting culture, cutting and forcing. In the cut form are 7 to 14 days, with all the buds bloom.
Honeysuckle tatar reproduction
For cutting plants with buds that have revealed only the first lower flowers are best. Plants transplanted in the fall in pots and transferred to the room, long retain decorative. The snapdragon is cold-resistant, light-requiring, undemanding to the soil, needs watering during the dry season. Grown seedling way. Sowing is carried out from the beginning of March to mid-April. Shoots appear after 8 to 12 days. Seedlings are planted in the second half of May, the distance between the plants is 20 cm. You can sow the seeds in the open ground before winter, in this case the flowering begins in August.
Honeysuckle: what it is, beneficial properties, planting, care and reproduction Honeysuckle. What it is? Honeysuckle - upright or curly, creeping shrubs belonging to the family of honeysuckle. Flowers can be blue, white, pinkish, yellow.
Honeysuckle Tatar - Lonicera tatarica L.
Berries of different varieties differ in taste. Fruits have a sweet or sour-sweet taste with a slight bitterness. The homeland of the plant is considered to be the main characteristics of the plant. Honeysuckle is a perennial plant that gives tasty fruits. The height of the shrub can be from 50 cm to 3 m, it all depends on the variety and the surrounding conditions. The whole plant is covered with oblong smooth leaves, 2-3 cm in size. On the outside they have a bright green color, the leaves are paler from the inside. In the middle of May, when the leaves are not yet half a strawberry. Yeniseyka variety - Siberian Oasis. Yeniseika strawberry variety is bred to Minusinskaya OSSiB. Plant Description Honeysuckle Flowers Kaprifol have a complex "cascade" shape and change their color when blooming Honeysuckle berries Honeysuckle species common in horticulture There are about 22 species available on Russian territory. A little more than ten are suitable for growing in gardens. For convenience of description, they can be divided into vines and shrubs. Curly Honeysuckle Nabo 10 secrets of honeysuckle harvest Many gardeners and gardeners, planting honeysuckle on the site, are disappointed with its yield. Despite the fact that the culture is very unpretentious, high yields can be obtained under certain rules or secrets, if you want. Based on many years of experience in the cultivation of honeysuckle, I want to share with the reader Blackening of the leaves is one of the most common problems in many domestic plants. Is no exception, and the most popular flower - ficus, and regardless of its type. In fairness, we note that most often this attack lurks precisely ficus rubber, with its fleshy, large leaves. Their ... 2018- Can be used as a focal plant in the composition of woody landscape groups and as a hedge. Watch the video, it shows both some of the shrubs described by us, and plants that are not included in our selection. General recommendations for growing perennial garden shrubs Most often, ornamental shrubs in the care do not present any particular difficulties, “Perennials can be used for flower beds as the main background or to complement landscape compositions.” Landscape compositions All perennial crops are divided into groups of resistance to cold. В незащищенной почве могут зимовать астры, нарциссы, лилии и ландыши. Нельзя оставлять в почве лютики, гладиолусы и георги Горлянка посудная — см. Лагенария Горная пальма — см. Хамедорея В 11 -12 номерах журнала в 1989 г.an article was posted Kustanay beekeeper Alexander Ivanovich Volokhovich. She provoked passionate disputes - some even vehemently denied the very possibility of using his method, others admired him with the same passion. They went to Alexander Ivanovich, studied with him, and in
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In nature, it grows from the Volga in the west to Kazakhstan in the east, as well as in Central Asia and China, forming often large thickets on the slopes of hills, in hollows, on forest edges, in river valleys of the steppe and forest-steppe zones, sometimes in the undergrowth of deciduous forests.
Tall, up to 4 m tall, densely leafy shrub with oblong, dark green above and dull, glaucous below to b cm long. The flowers are dark pink to white, fragrant. Fruits are yellow or red to 0.7 cm in diameter. Flowering and fruiting abundantly and annually from three to four years. Duration of flowering sometimes reaches almost a month.
In GBS since 1954, 6 samples (12 copies) were grown from seeds obtained from natural habitats; there are plants for seed and vegetative reproduction of GBS. At 10 years, height up to 3.0 m, crown diameter up to 230 cm. Vegetation from mid-April to late September-October. Growth rate from medium to fast. Blossoms from 3 years, from mid-late May to early-mid-June, about 2 weeks. Fruits in 3-4 years, annually, abundantly, the fruits ripen in the second half of July and the first half of August. Full winter hardiness. Seed viability 100%, 40% germination. Rooted 100% summer cuttings.
It tolerates shading, salinization, frost-resistant, drought-resistant, to soil and moisture is undemanding. It grows pretty fast. Withstand transplant at any time. The speed of growth and simplicity contributed to the wide spread of Tatar honeysuckle in landscaping. Propagated by seeds and cuttings. A significant drawback in her is the damage to young shoots of aphids and viral disease (“witch's brooms” are formed), which affects the decorativeness of the whole plant, however, this species is still very widely used in landscape gardening, in groups, on the forest edges and in hedges. In culture since 1752.
It has many decorative forms: white (f. alba) - with white flowers, large-flowered (f. grandiflora) —with white, larger flowers, Siberian (red) (f. sibirica) - with red flowers, crimson (f. punicea) - with dark pink flowers and large leaves, broadleaf (f. latifolia) - with large leaves up to 10 cm and large pink flowers, narrow-leaved (f. angustifolia)
with narrow leaves and hot pink flowers, low (f.
Honeysuckle Tatar photo
nana) is a short, dense shrub with small pinkish flowers and ovate-lanceolate leaves tapering to the base, yellow (f. lutea) - with yellow fruits. Varieties: ‘Arnold Pink‘(‘ Arnold Pink ’) — dark pink flowers. ‘Hax Red’ (‘Hack’s Red’) — flowers are dark purple. 'Arnold Red‘(‘ Arnold Fed ’) — flowers are pink, berries are larger than the main species.
SortRosea‘Is a slender, almost pyramidal bush. Flowering in the suburbs begins in late May and lasts more than two weeks. The buds are of a deep pink color, the flowers are bright pink, five-petalled, with a diameter of more than 2 cm. In the period of full flowering, the bushes are very beautiful, they are visible from afar and resemble a peach garden in bloom. At the same time, lilac varieties, early irises and peonies are blooming, so that from these plants you can create colorful compositions suitable for a wide variety of uses in ornamental gardening. Faded shrub is covered with inedible, but beautiful round orange-colored berries. Plants are shade tolerant, undemanding to soils, tolerate pruning, transplanting, crown formation well. Easily propagated by green cuttings.
SortHack red‘- exceptionally beautiful shrub, more spreading than the previous one. Flowering begins in the second half of May and continues the first decade of June. Simultaneously with the growth of new shoots, buds of dense-pink color appear in such an amount that the bush as if envelops pink haze. Numerous bright pink-crimson flowers stain the whole bush. After flowering, the plants are decorated with dark red fruits.
Choosing a landing site
Tatar honeysuckle (lat. Lonícera tatárica) is a deciduous ornamental shrub with a very dense crown. It reaches a height of 1–3 m. It is characterized by rapid growth - up to 35 cm per year.
Its leaves are ovate, 3–6 cm long, dark green in color, sometimes with a blue, bluish tinge. Blossoms fragrant, medium-sized, pale yellow or white flowers. The flowering period is in May-June. The plant is a honey plant. Bright red fruits appear in July-August In total, there are about 250 species of honeysuckle plants. If your goal of planting Tatar honeysuckle is not only its decorative qualities, but also the fruits, and you are interested in the question of whether it is edible or not, then the berries of this type are inedible.
Because of this, the people called them wolf berries. For the preparation of jam, jam, drinks and dessert dishes use different types (Altai, Kamchatka) and edible honeysuckle varieties ("Vitamin", "Blue Bird", "Dessert", "Blue Spindle", etc.), the fruits of which contain vitamin C , carotene, sugars and other beneficial substances.
They taste sour and sour-sweet. Edible fruits are usually blue or black in color. Inedible painted in bright shades of red and orange.
Tatar honeysuckle belongs to undemanding plants - it can grow on any soil and under any conditions: in gas pollution, shade, drought and frost down to –34 ° C. However, in order to achieve the greatest decorativeness of the shrub, you should follow some recommendations on its planting and farming techniques.
The best and most lush flowering can be admired if you plant a shrub in a well-lit area or in light shade. The less light will fall on the plant, the worse and smaller it will bloom.
Honeysuckle prefers to grow in loose fertile soil, which must be well drained beforehand. It can tolerate saline soils, but does not grow on heavy, too wet and poor soils. Also, it should not be planted in the lowlands, where there are frequent water stasis, and in areas where the earth dries out quickly. Groundwater at the landing site should be no closer than 1 m.
The optimum pH level of the soil is 7.5–8.5.
Selection of seedlings when buying
To get a beautiful and healthy honeysuckle Tatar, to carry out its successful planting and care, the first thing you need to choose successful seedlings.
To do this, use these tips.:
- Go shopping at a specialty store.where the consultant can provide you with all the necessary information about the plant you are purchasing.
- Buy for planting two-year seedlingshaving 3-4 branches that have already reached a length of 30-40 cm and a thickness of 5 mm at the base.
- In the store carefully inspect all parts of the plant.: from top to root. They should not be dried or damaged places. The branches should bend well. They must be with the kidneys.
Planting rules seedlings
If you purchased a sapling with an open root system, then it should be planted in September. It is at this time that the plant falls into a state of rest and will be able to endure winter favorably.
Saplings with a closed root system can be planted during the entire growing season. The transfer method is well suited for this.
Wells need to prepare for 3-5 days before landing. They should be dug 40 cm long, 40 cm wide and 40 cm deep. The optimal distance between plants is 1.5–2 m for varieties with low growth and 2.5–3 m for high varieties. At the bottom of the landing pit to put a 5-centimeter layer of drainage. For him use broken bricks, gravel, expanded clay and other materials.
In the hole make a soil mixture of this composition:
- turf ground (3 parts),
- peat or humus (1 part),
- river sand (1 part).
- compost (2 buckets),
- superphosphate (50 g),
- ash (1 kg).
In the center of the hole make a small earthen mound, which put a sapling. If the root system is open, the roots should be carefully distributed over the pit.
Immediately after watering, the ground in the wheel circle is mulched. To do this, use sawdust, peat, straw or other materials.
Care for shrubs will be minimal: watering, feeding, pruning, if necessary, treatment of diseases and parasites. The more thorough the care, the more decorative the plant will be. Although, again, honeysuckle can grow and with rare signs of attention to it, it will simply be less beautiful.
Watering, loosening, mulching
Only planted a seedling in the first year of his life should be watered regularly. In the future, you will need 2-3 irrigation per season. In the hot period, you must use a bucket of water for each bush. After watering, it is advisable to loosen the soil in a circle at a depth of 20 cm. Every autumn, the bush must be mulched. The mulching procedure will protect the root system from frost and retain moisture in the soil in the spring.
Fertilize honeysuckle recommended three times during the growing season:
- in early spring, before the kidneys advance, with preparations containing nitrogen (20–30 g per 1 sq. m),
- before flowering - with complex preparations (for example, Kemira-Universal, 20 g per 10 l of water),
- after fruiting in the fall - wood ashes (200 g per 1 sq. m for digging).
Pruning shrubs can be in the fall, after the leaves fall, and in the spring, before the buds bloom. As a rule, they follow standard guidelines when pruning - leave 1/3 of the shoots.
Old bushes should be rejuvenated by cutting out dying and weak shoots. This procedure is carried out once every 2-3 years.
Annual sanitary pruning is done on plants over 6 years old. Old, dry, diseased, damaged branches are removed, as well as those that are too close to the soil. Shrubs tolerate a trim haircut well, they retain their shape for quite a long time.
Pest and disease control
The defeat of diseases and harmful insects is the most vulnerable spot of most species of honeysuckle, and Tatar in particular.
Therefore, it is necessary to introduce preventive measures and know the methods by which you can overcome the infection, in case of its occurrence.
The most commonly attacked plants are:
- honeysuckle aphid - sucking pest capable of destroying the decorativeness of the shrub, drinking the juice from its leaves and shoots,
- spider moth and honeysuckle mite - a sucking enemy who is able to destroy a plant
- shitovki and false shield - as a result of their malicious activity, shoots shrink and bend, the plant stops growing,
- leaf beetles - parasites gnawing leaves,
- cadren tracks - cause heavy damage to the foliage of honeysuckle.
- various kinds of spotting,
- powdery mildew,
Tatar honeysuckle tolerates especially extreme cold, and flowers and leaves can withstand temperatures as low as –8 ° C.
Therefore, the bushes do not need special measures before the winter period. Only young plants up to 2 years old should preferably be covered with spruce leaves.
Features reproduction cuttings
Tatar honeysuckle reproduces in 4 ways:
- dividing the bush
Cuttings need to be watered, sprayed and periodically opened. Roots should appear in 2–3 weeks.
In the fall, planting young plants in open ground is not recommended - they may not survive the frost. It is better to cover the box with spruce branches and place it in a protected place.
On the site where the honeysuckle will grow constantly, the young should be planted, already when the weather is warm enough in spring. If reproduction was carried out correctly, then flowering should be expected in a year.
Application in landscape design
The most common use of honeysuckle is planting in hedges. They love to use it for landscaping city streets, parks, alleys, streets.
However, the plant also looks great as a tapeworm. It can be landed at the dacha near the fence or at home, on the background of the lawn. Good plant looks and in the foreground of other ornamental crops, herbaceous, perennial plants.
Biological signs and varieties of plantsHoneysuckle Capricole prefers well-moistened soil and timely care, which begins immediately after planting is completed. It is recommended to grow all varieties in partial shade - it is recommended to bring the plant to sunlight for at least a few hours a day. But it also grows quite well in deep shadow. It is well tolerated as alkaline (although on very alkaline soils it sometimes starts to get sick), and acidic soils. Proper care ensures the perfect appearance of the shrub.
In the autumn, planting honeysuckle is recommended for those who have experience in growing such shrubs. In general, planting bushes of this decorative culture provides for the following rules:Japanese honeysuckle grows quickly, gives a lot of layering. Blooms magnificently in June. The flowers are white with a purple tinge, very fragrant. In the middle lane can only grow in the sun.
There are varieties of honeysuckle curly:
Varieties and ornamental features of the plantThere are many forms of blue honeysuckle:
- In nature, there are about 200 species of honeysuckle.
- Early varieties of honeysuckle, such as "Number 100", "Blue Bird", "Vitamin", "Early", "Bellflower", ripen in mid-June, medium varieties ripen on June 20-25, late ones at the very end of the month.
- Best of all, honeysuckle grows on slightly acidic and neutral soils, a necessary condition is sufficient moisture, the humus content is at least 2.5%. Does not tolerate excessive moisture, close location of groundwater, strong shading.
- The buds are mixed, generative-vegetative, located in the axils of the leaves, one above the other in two or four pieces. They are narrow, tetrahedral, with two pairs of outer scales.
The plant normally grows at a temperature of even - 15 degrees. Growth is moderate. If other flowers and varieties grow alongside, then they can climb and continue their growth and development already on them. Flowers are very fragrant (especially at night), which attracts pollinator butterflies. Actively produce fruits, berries, but, however, bear fruit only after a hot summer. The following are photos of honeysuckle capricole in various angles:
Honeysuckle Tatar planting and carePlot should choose and prepare in advance. It is better to choose a sunny place where there are no drafts. Honeysuckle will not grow on swampy soils. On clay without good drainage, the results of cultivation will also not please.
- However, even with excellent care will not bloom every year. If desired, Japanese honeysuckle can be grown in indoor conditions.
- ('Belgica') 'Belgica'
- Exquisitely colored
The most successful reproduction of honeysuckle occurs lignified cuttings, layering, slightly worse seeds. The main disadvantage of seed multiplication is that the best qualities of the propagated variety (for example, large-fruited) will inevitably be lost.
Winter hardiness is high: the flowers are not damaged by frost to –5 ... -7 degrees. It has a very short dormant period and with a long fall in December it can bloom or significantly reduce its frost resistance.
Kidney stipules in honeysuckle are spliced between themselves and with petioles, so they form a kind of circle or disk.The cuttings are carried out both with young shoots in the summer, and lignified cuttings, cut off at the beginning of winter and stored until spring in the copse. The substrate for the germination of cuttings is a mixture of sand and peat. The cuttings are treated with a root formers, they can be heteroauxin, and placed at an angle of 45 degrees in the seedling box, covering the top with a film to create a microclimate in the greenhouse. After the appearance of the first leaves of the plant should be left to develop in a protected place, covered for the winter with spruce frost. Spring cuttings to land on a permanent place.Honeysuckle should be transplanted when stable heat comes. Under favorable conditions, flowering will come next year.
A tall bush of honeysuckle growing up to 4 meters grows in the wild on sunny slopes and is in places a continuous underbrush. Detached bushes are spreading and represent an umbrella or funnel. Very decorative leaves of the shrub. They are dull, dark green above, and gray below. Even with a slight breeze, the leaf plays and the bush of the Tatar honeysuckle seems to be waving affably, inviting to walk.For honeysuckle requires constant care, during which you need to follow all care tips, otherwise a beautiful swan will turn into a terrible, untidy lump of something incomprehensible. So that your shoots do not hang as if they were horrible - create for them a good metal or wooden support stretched in the necessary direction. Young shoots are best sent soma, evenly dividing them across the surface. Planting honeysuckle Capricole is carried out after selecting a variety that meets all requirements.
The pit for planting should be 50x50 cm and 70 cm deep. As a drainage layer, the bottom of the pit can be laid out with coarse sand, gravel, and fragments of brick. On top it is worth waking up 50 grams. lime and some earth.
Planting, care and reproduction of honeysuckleThe Japanese honeysuckle has a very elegant form - with delicate leaves in a yellow mesh - 'Aureoreticulata'. This variety is also possible to grow indoors.
- The flowers are white with red stripes, then they turn yellow.- with thin red shoots and oblong leaves, flowers are thinner than those of the main species.Unpretentious, hardy, its flowers are very gentle, and the berries are very spectacular, and some even edible.
If you want to propagate honeysuckle cuttings from annual shoots, then prepare two-node shoots from the most powerful plants, then root at the very end of flowering.
Fungal diseases honeysuckle is not affected. Leaves are affected by leaf-eating and leaf-sucking pests.As a rule, the middle or lower buds are first to bloom, at the base of which 3-10 inflorescences are formed. Lower and middle buds form shoots from 7 to 30 centimeters long.
It is possible to quickly propagate the plant, wearing a part of the bush when it becomes an adult, after three years. Honeysuckle bush propagates by layering, which is instilled into the ground. At the same time, during the summer the twig will take root, but it should be transplanted to a permanent place only next spring.
Within a month, it attracts bees and insects with twin double-lipped flowers on a long tubule. Flowers have all shades from white to deep pink. As a result of pollination by the end of the summer the bush is littered with bright shiny berries. The color of honeysuckle is constantly changing from the game of leaves, the shade of flowers and the gradually reddening and reddening berries.
Another good way to keep your plant tidy at the time of grooming is regular pruning. With it, you can not only keep your bush in order, but also give the desired shape and keep it for a long time. If you understand that the bush is too old - it is better to completely cut off all the stems. Thus, you will awaken old buds from sleep, which in the near future will delight us with new shoots. By the way, after such a pruning during care, the honeysuckle honeysuckle begins to actively bloom.
When starting planting, it should be borne in mind that the root neck of the seedling should be located flush with the ground. Plant roots when diving into the hole should be carefully straightened to prevent the formation of air pockets. Saplings after planting will need special care. It consists in abundant watering of the roots. And also, the fact that the plants will need pruning. As a rule, each branch is cut by 40-50 cm.
How to care for plants
('Graham Thomas') 'Graham Thomas'
Separate attention deserves an edible form. It grows in moist mountain forests, preferring calcareous substrates in the Far East, Eastern Siberia, Korea, China, and Japan.
Under natural conditions, honeysuckle species are unevenly distributed. Most species are concentrated in Southeast Asia. In general, honeysuckle grows in the northern hemisphere, occupying large areas in Europe and Asia.
Lignified cuttings opposite the harvest in the fall, immediately after the leaves fall, and in winter they are stored, tied up in bundles in the basement, placing them in any suitable substrate - peat, sawdust. Their replanting should be carried out at a temperature of 21-24 degrees, and with high humidity (87-90%).
Stem shoots are used to replace skeletal branches.
How to grow honeysuckle seed can be found in the literature, or on the website. But when growing from seeds, the varietal characteristics of the mother plant are not preserved. Therefore, the reproduction of bushes is better to lead vegetatively.
Young shoots from the Tatar honeysuckle hollow. The bark of young branches has a brown color, old - gray, with peeling bands. Bark exfoliation is a common feature of all types of honeysuckle. Tartar honeysuckle blooms in May or June, depending on the habitat. The plant for the winter is exempt from foliage.
Diseases and pests - honeysuckle honeysuckle slope to the attacks of mold and black flies.
After 2-3 days of planting it is recommended to mulch. For this you can use peat or humus, laying the material around the trunks of shrubs.
Honeysuckle shrubs grow to medium size. As a rule, they reach a height of 15, -1.8 meters. The plant itself is representative of the Cross-pollinated. And therefore, planting on one site of several varieties at once is considered an ideal option.
- White flowers, when they bloom, become yellow.
Straight shrub with brown bark. Leaves of different size and shape. The flowers are yellow or yellow-white. Fruits are almost black with a bluish bloom, resemble blueberries in taste. The shrub begins to bloom and bear fruit for 4 years.
It can be found in deciduous, mixed and coniferous forests of temperate climate. Of course, adapting, the shrub can have a different form of growth and require different conditions to moisture, soil, light. In the tropics there are evergreen types of honeysuckle, which temperate climate with its cold winters is not suitable.
Planting honeysuckle seeds can be better, if the seeds are pre-stratified, it is possible under the snow in the substrate. Seed stratification time is 15-20 days.
Blue Spindle, Start, Blue Bird, Azure, Cinderella, Early, Bell, Vitamin, Reliable, Pavlovskaya, Jug, Amateur, Berol, Long Fruit, Bachkarskaya.
Leaves from wide oval to oblate ellipse, small, narrow, oblong, lanceolate, sharp.
Caring for an adult plant is easy to maintain. An unpretentious plant can be quite decorative with minimal attention. Care and trimming of honeysuckle will add decorativeness to it. So, if the bush is thickened, then the branches will deviate and the bush will look running. Spring pruning and formation will add a number of flowers and give the plant the desired shape.It should be noted that the fruits of honeysuckle are not only inedible, but poisonous. Century wisdom is confirmed. If in large quantities poison, in small medicine. The exact dose between small and large know only experts.
Planting this plant involves the formation of a beautiful landscape garden design with shady corners. To do this, select the appropriate varieties of honeysuckle honeysuckle. This will help the description and photos that can be viewed below.
As for the characteristics of planting varietal varieties, there are no special requirements. Basically, both curly ornamental forms (Kaprifol, Late, Brown, Curly) and non-poisonous varieties (Edible Honeysuckle) have a root system growing underground up to 70-90 cm around the main stem.
There are more than 150 varieties of honeysuckle. All of them differ in forms, breeding options and height of adult bushes. Some varieties are especially valued in ornamental floriculture. Usually, these types of honeysuckle are easily grown. And most importantly, they bloom profusely, retaining the decorative effect for a long period, and are also capable of filling the garden with an unforgettable pleasant aroma. Often, these are shrubs that have a lianoid shape (curly honeysuckle).
Hardy, unpretentious. Recommend, as a fruit shrub. Perfectly propagated by cuttings and seeds. Blue honeysuckle is not only beautiful, but also a useful shrub is now familiar to many, because it began to grow in the gardens as a fruit and berry plant.
Unfortunately, not many ornamental honeysuckle species are used in current gardens and parks. In addition to such very famous plants as the Tatar honeysuckle and the honeysuckle, there are a large number of different and resistant honeysuckles worthy of special attention.
Honeysuckle - reproduction and care
After stratification, sow them in boxes with earth (on the surface) and sprinkle them with peat, half a centimeter layer. Seed shoots usually appear within a few weeks. For the entire time of planting, the temperature in the room should be in the range of 22-23 degrees Celsius. Autumn planting honeysuckle seeds in the ground gives worse results than spring.
Summer residents and gardeners amateurs often grow edible honeysuckle and Kamchatka honeysuckle. In the last variety, the berries are large, they have a sweet taste, ripen very early - the crop can be taken as early as the second half of June, that is, in most regions of Russia, even before strawberries and strawberries ripen.
Young leaves strongly pubescent with short straight hairs on both sides.
In the spring, the honeysuckle bush can be fed with complex fertilizer before flowering, and in the fall you can add ash to the tree trunk. When honeysuckle is grown, as a decoration of the garden, care for it should consist not only in watering and fertilizer, but also in protection from pests and diseases. With the advent of disease, beauty is lost not only in man.
The bush which is perfectly keeping an attractive form does not demand big leaving. Therefore, the owners of country estates gladly planted honeysuckle bush, as a decorative ornament in the spring, when the flower garden is still poor. But this bush and in the summer pleases the eye, settling there, where others do not grow, on saline soil or in conditions of gas pollution. Mainly widespread varieties of European breeding:
Edible honeysuckle is also called blue honeysuckle. By itself, honeysuckle capricole is inedible - like most of the similar varieties - this is only a decorative variety, which very much resembles a vine. You will get the most edible fruits from the Kamchatka honeysuckle variety, which grows in the Far East. The first berries appear on the plant in the first weeks of May - it turns out about a week earlier than strawberries. It is better to plant this variety in the autumn, since the growing season is very short, and planting closer to the winter time does not harm it at all - the honeysuckle is absolutely frost-resistant. Approximate time of planting varieties - September-October. If you have chosen September - do not forget about constant watering, since the sun still has a noticeable effect on the soil, which often dries out. In October, you can plant these varieties completely calmly, without fear of harm.
Honeysuckle edible, as well as other varieties of this culture (Kaprifol, Brown, Tatar), is not considered to be “frivolous”. Often, the care of plants requires a minimum. With a properly selected area, for the maintenance and cultivation of shrubs will need watering and fertilizing. Honeysuckle is poured on hot days, as the plant is quite drought-resistant. As for fertilizing, complex fertilizers are suitable for all representatives of this crop.
Honeysuckle we can meet in almost any garden. There is not only edible honeysuckle, but also bushes on which poisonous fruits grow.
- inside the flowers are creamy white, purple outside.
Also with her in ornamental gardening, 3 other Far Eastern species of honeysuckle are desirable: Kamchatka, Turchaninov's honeysuckle, Altai honeysuckle. All three species have edible fruits.
At honeysuckle is located close to the surface. The foliage of honeysuckle is opposite. As a rule, they are uniform in shape, entire, or with a wavy edge, elliptical or oval. The top of the leaf is pointed or rounded, less often - sharp-pointed. Honeysuckle flowers are melliferous and have a scent. Honeysuckle species are found with yellow, cream, white, crimson and pink flowers.
Planting honeysuckle is made in early autumn. Planting pattern 1.2x2.5 m. When planting, the root neck is 3-5 cm higher than the soil level. During the summer, watering is done 7-10 times at the rate of 20 liters per plant.
Planting and trimming honeysuckle
The taste of Kamchatka honeysuckle is very similar to ordinary garden blueberries and most importantly not in the berries of that bitterness that is present in all other honeysuckle varieties, while all its beneficial properties are preserved completely.
On the vegetative shoots the leaves have wide stipules.
Of the pests leaves honeysuckle loves aphids. But mites and all sorts of bugs and caterpillars love this shrub. Taking into account the fact that this shrub does not participate in the human food chain, it is worth processing it in a week with such strong preparations as Actellic. The fact is that the pests that have multiplied on the bush will later move to cultivated plants.
In addition, there are four popular varieties of honeysuckle capricole:
For some forms, extra care includes preparing the bushes for wintering. Lianovidnye varieties will need pruning. It should be carried out in the second year after landing. Such a procedure will stimulate branching.
Not so long ago, Tatar honeysuckle ("Wolf berries") was popular, and it can still be found in parks, gardens and wild plantings. These shrubs have a dense upright crown, bloom from May to June. The berries are poisonous and have a bright red color. Usually, the fruits of such a culture grow in pairs, and sometimes even grow together. Planting of such berry bushes pursues exclusively decorative purposes. Especially since the care they need is minimal - they easily tolerate both cold and dry weather. And pruning for this form of shrubs is not required, and can be done at will.('Minister') 'Munster'Honeysuckle is a hybrid of honeysuckle rough and evergreen. Curly shrub with shoots about 2 m long. Brown honeysuckle is very decorative due to its bright color of flowers and their peculiar shape. Blooming profuse, inflorescences appear in early July.
Flowers of climbing species of honeysuckle are collected in capitate inflorescences, usually without pedicels. The inflorescences are surrounded by oval or circular discs formed by the fusion of leaves.
Fruits on the growths of last year, therefore, the annual sanitary pruning is necessary to stimulate plant sprouting in the crown.
Description and variations
In its wild form, it also grows in the most seemingly inappropriate places - on sands, peat, too stony and little-fertilized soil.
The first three years, the apical growth of the primary stem, then 2-4 years - the period of tillering, the formation of shoots at the base of the bush, at the age of 7-12 years, comes full fruiting, the formation of stem shoots in the crown of skeletal branches.
Honeysuckle edible and some other species have blue-black fruit. Most types of honeysuckle have inedible or even poisonous red fruits.
In addition to these, there are varieties with white and yellow peduncles, with different flowering periods and different forms of leaves. Select the desired plant can be guided by the advice of experienced gardeners and specialists.
Also have pale pink flowers, but their border is white.
Description and photo of deocrative honeysuckle capricole on this page perfectly illustrate the magnificence of the plant, planting which is not difficult. And care for this type of shrubs is timely pruning and feeding. Honeysuckle Capricole is an energetic deciduous plant. It can reach a height of up to 8 meters. The shape of the leaves can vary - from ovoid to ellipse. From above it is brilliantly green, and from the bottom they have a bluish-gray tint. The lower leaves are located on short stems with a broad base.
- Among the hybrids, the decorative variety of Brown deserves special attention. Planting it in the garden is to decorate the site. Such honeysuckle grows rather slowly, the weaves curl weakly, the inflorescences of the Brown bush resemble fuchsia flowers in shape. It is better to plant this form of culture in sunny places, in areas with fertile soil. Brown honeysuckle, unlike most varieties, is not frost resistant. Therefore, the care of the plant must necessarily include additional measures for removing the stems from the support and wrapping them with dry leaves for the winter. Pruning this variety of shrubs can also be carried out at will, to maintain the decorativeness of vines.
- Telman's honeysuckle is valued for its lush flowering and dense foliage. Used for vertical gardening. Demanding on soil fertility. It is photophilous, but can also bloom in partial shade. In cold winters it can be damaged by frost. To avoid this, it is necessary to remove the vines from the supports and cover with spruce leaves.
The shrub grows rapidly, therefore, the form is well restored, after frosting during the winter period of one-year shoots, and since the curly honeysuckle blooms on the shoots of the current year,
Loves a little shading. Perfectly tolerates a haircut. Undemanding to the soil. Well propagated by seeds. Honeysuckle brilliant thermophilic. Charming bush for edges, borders, bordering groups.
How and when to land
But she will thank you if you plant honeysuckle in a damp place of the site, but with a water table no more than a meter. Soil acidity does not play a special role for honeysuckle either.
The beginning of the growing season with an average daily temperature of 2 to 3 degrees, flowering lasts 7-20 days. The growth of shoots begins with flowering, ends in the period of full ripening berries. Honeysuckle is almost self-infertile and requires cross-pollination of several forms or varieties. The main pollinating insects are bees and bumblebees; in their absence, the fruit sticking is greatly reduced. Ripens simultaneously with strawberries, the difference between early and late varieties - 7-12 days. Maturation stretched to 10-15 days.
- There is a lot of information on how to grow honeysuckle. All forms of this species reproduce:
- And here
- Flowers most often red, cream and yellow shades are collected at the end of branches on three inflorescences. The fruit is made in the form of a juicy coral-colored berries. It will become a real decoration of your garden together with fragrant cream flowers, which in summer acquire a pink hue. Planting a suitable variety will allow you to solve many problems of landscape design.
Curly honeysuckle is known and loved by many gardeners, thanks to its decoration. Its inflorescences are not only beautiful, but also have a pleasant aroma that will decorate the site throughout the summer season. Berries, due to which curly honeysuckle becomes more spectacular, appear in early autumn. Like the Kaprifol variety, the height of the bushes of this variety of honeysuckle can reach 5 meters. Therefore, they also need pruning.
Honeysuckle Gokrota - a hybrid of American and evergreen honeysuckle.
How to care for plants
It has decorative forms: golden - golden leaves at the beginning of development, Belgian - with more plump leaves than the previous form, purple flowers.
It grows in the undergrowth of mountain forests, swamps, along the slopes. Under natural conditions, it is found in the north of the European part of Russia, but it is not used in gardening in the central regions, although it is a remarkable honey-bearing shrub.
(Lonicera x purpusii) does not stand out in any way.
Many gardeners notice that later honeysuckle harvests are highest if they are planted where the cherry grows and bears fruit - this is true or not I cannot say, since recently I replaced all the cherries in the section with cherries.
Description and photos of decorative honeysuckle capricole
Honeysuckle seeds are best sown after they ripen on the windowsill. Before this, you need to store them for about 2 months in a cool place and sow them as quickly as possible. After they grow enough to be processed, you can start planting seedlings in separate pots and continue to grow in the greenhouse during the first winter. A permanent habitat is recommended to replant the plant closer to the end of spring or early summer, after the most recent frosts.
Proper care of honeysuckle capricole
But the late curly honeysuckle deserves special attention - the vine is about 3 m in length. Annual shoots are slightly pubescent or bare, yellowish or red at the top. From above the foliage is dark green, from below it is gray, ovate.
Blue honeysuckle - sprawling shrub with brown-red shoots. The leaves of blue honeysuckle are oblong-lanceolate, rounded at the base, with a blunt tip, about 8 cm long. Honeysuckle blue is valuable with its dense crown. This honeysuckle is a valuable early honey plant.
Planting honeysuckle capricole, disease and pests
But in December, the buds appear on them, and in February, the march, delicate, creamy-white flowers fill the garden with a wonderful fragrance, reminiscent of jasmine. These sprawling shrubs with long branches reach a height of 1.5-2 meters and are suitable for planting both individually and as a group, as well as in mixed hedges. Both types of honeysuckle are heat-loving winter-flowering shrubs and grow mainly in regions with mild winters, such as the Crimea. However, they can withstand short-term freezing to -15 ° C.
All varieties of honeysuckle are very resistant to frost, for example, the aforementioned Kamchatka variety withstands up to - 50 degrees.
Berries can be used for processing (jam, jam, jam, etc.). But their main value is that when fresh, they are a source of vitamins (P-active compounds up to 1800 mg%, ascorbic acid up to 150 mg per%, there are B vitamins in it, carotenes).
Differs from the rest in light and form - their flowers have an elongated tube, and the petals have an unusual color of white and yellow shades.
- Honeysuckle Capricole can be propagated by cuttings from semi-ripe wood in July-August - their length should be at least 10 centimeters. Scientists have identified a higher percentage of germination of flowers grown in this way. Cuttings of mature wood - up to 20 centimeters, they can be cut in November. The percentage of germination is also very high.Planting honeysuckle bushes can be carried out in the autumn and spring periods. In the latter case, it is better to perform landing work quite early. This is due to the fact that honeysuckle forms the kidneys much earlier than most other cultures.
- It is a very fragrant semi-evergreen vine. The one who was in the Caucasus, probably saw her along the roads, and near the shelter. The homeland of Japanese honeysuckle is - Korea, China or Japan.The flowers of this honeysuckle are two-lipped, dark red outside, then turn pale, inside they are yellow. Curly honeysuckle blooms profusely and for a long time, from June to August. The berries are red. Very like gardeners. In Russia, in the middle lane, it is recommended to remove shoots from supports in the fall and cover with spruce leaves and a dry leaf from above.
- Dark blue berries with eight seeds ripen in July. Blue honeysuckle grows slowly, but forms thick bushes, shade-tolerant, hardy. Sensitive to drought. The fruits of this honeysuckle are considered healing.Honeysuckle fragrant and Purpus honeysuckle - semi-evergreen plants: for the winter they shed a significant part of their dense foliage, but some leaves remain on the branches and in the cold season. These types of honeysuckle are not very demanding for care - they grow quickly both in the sun and in partial shade and develop well on any nutritious garden soil. Pruning is limited to the removal of dried branches.
- Even blooming flowers can withstand frosts down to -7 ... -9 degrees, but the buds can withstand 13-14 degrees. This is very important for Central Russia as the honeysuckle usually blooms in early May, and at this time frosts may still return.Honeysuckle is a good remedy for housing and utilities diseases and for the prevention of atherosclerosis, as well as hypertension. They have a tonic effect on the body, improve the functioning of the liver and stomach, and are useful in skin and eye diseases. A decoction of edible honeysuckle and Altai honeysuckle leaves is used for sore throats (gargling).The crown of the shrub is quite dense, with a diameter of from 1.5 to 3 m, rounded, semicircular, back-conical. The bark on the skeletal branches of brown color with a yellowish or brownish tinge, cracking, peeling, exfoliating narrow longitudinal stripes. On fresh, new shoots, the bark is brown with an anthocyanin tint, undated or densely pubescent throughout the entire shoot.
Bushes Tatar honeysuckle grow to a height of 4 meters and is framed by lush crowns.
Leaves two-colored ovate-oblong, the outer side is green, the inner side is blue.
Branches gray color has a cavity inside, young saplings of gray-brown color.
Smell Honeysuckle has a sweetish scent of flowers, and the color depends on the variety, they can be white, light pink, bright pink, there are varieties with yellow and brick-red flowers.
Blooms Honeysuckle from May to July.
Fruit have honeysuckle bright red or yellow, can be paired or single berries with a diameter of 0.5 centimeters.
Fruits can not be eaten, they can be poisonous. Fruiting takes place all August.
Tatar Honeysuckle: Rosea variety
Differs pyramidal crown shape, large flowers up to 2 centimeters in diameter, often pink.
The buds appear at the end of May, and honeysuckle blooms for the next 2 weeks. Then on the bush a lot of beautiful round orange-colored berries are formed, not edible, like the fruits of all types of honeysuckle.
Grade Rosea unpretentious care, grows in any soil, easily tolerates pruning and transplanting. Easily propagated by cuttings.
Tatar Honeysuckle: Hack Red variety
A distinctive feature of this variety is bright saturated purple flowers that adorn the bush from late spring to mid-June. Bright flowers are replaced by equally bright fruits, while continuing to decorate your gardens and gardens.
Collect cuttings for planting can be either in summer or autumn.
- In the summer, young shoots are used for this, and in the fall - already stiff, which are added until spring.
- For cuttings choose good shoots of this year, divide them into parts of 10-12 centimeters with two nodes and an internode.
- The cuttings are placed in a nutrient substrate of sand and peat, before planting the cuttings are treated with a means for root growth, and the branches are placed in a box at an angle of 45 degrees.
- Next, the box must be turned into a greenhouse, covered with a thick film and reap the appearance of the first leaves.
- After the appearance of leaves, the boxes are covered with spruce leaves and hibernate until spring.
- In the spring, the cuttings sit down in a permanent place when the temperature is above zero.
For reproduction, the bushes are used for 3-4 years, a part of each layer is excavated in the Summer, the twig is rooted, but it is better to separate it next spring.
Growing bushes and plants from seeds is a rather complicated process and honeysuckle is no exception. And the quality of shrubs from this is lower - the qualities of the parent variety are not preserved, so it is still best to use part of the plants for propagation - cuttings or cuttings.
The soil for honeysuckle should be loose and with good drainage. The deepening in the soil for planting honeysuckle fill a special mixture of sand, peat and turf in a ratio of 1: 1: 3.
5 centimeters of drainage fall asleep to the bottom, honeysuckle will not take root in wet soil.
Useful general care tips
Otherwise, honeysuckle is unpretentious - without much care, an unremarkable shrub can turn a flowering and fragrant shrub into envy for everyone.
But with effort, you can achieve greater effect in less time. Shrub care includes the usual procedures.
Honeysuckle wants feeding, trimming, mulching and prevention of various diseases.
In spring, the plant should be fertilized with nitrogen fertilizers, before flowering it is better to feed with complex fertilizers, and in the autumn to add wood ash.
Honeysuckle requires 2-3 heavy irrigations per season, on hot days each honeysuckle bush requires 10 liters of water.
The soil around the honeysuckle must be loosened periodically.
Honeysuckle trunks need mulching in spring and autumn.
Pruning is best done in late autumn, after leaf fall. To transform the shrub by pruning is necessary in late autumn, when the leaf fall is completed.
For the winter honeysuckle does not require special shelters in our climatic conditions.
Diseases and pests
Dangerous for honeysuckle can also be pincers, scythes, pseudopods, various insects eating leaves (caterpillars, peppered moths and so on.)
The shrub is still subject to fungal attack (spotting and flour dew) and viruses.
The most dangerous for honeysuckle is aphid.
It is possible to fight it only with the help of biological insecticides:
You can also use synthetic: