Tender miniature shoots, equipped with small oval-pointed leaves, topped with touching clouds, caps of inflorescences, have long and firmly taken their place in the Russian garden. It is an alissum, or sea loburia, a representative of the Cabbage family, a magnificent honey plant, uniting more than a hundred plant species distributed throughout Europe, Asia and North Africa. The history of wild Alissums has more than 20 centuries, but in the culture these wonderful flowers appeared not so long ago, but quickly gained popularity and recognition of gardeners. And nature has not cheated the plant with its virtues: unpretentiousness, endurance, excellent aroma and lovely decorativeness - everything lies in this garden culture. We will talk about the cultivation and care of the most interesting ground-bearers honey plant.
Despite the fact that alissum is often called lobularia, they are different plants, but the closest relatives are very similar in appearance and combined into one genus. They are distinguished only by the color of flowers: cream or yellow in alissum, and white or lilac-pink in lobularia, although the efforts of breeders derive all new varieties and species with different shades of flowers. For example, alissum sea white pleases gardeners with excellent snow-white flowering.
Depending on the variety, it grows up to 15-40 cm, the alissum is a short, well-growing groundcover with strongly spinning shoots that grow at the base. Small delicate flowers are collected in spectacular brushes, replacing one another throughout the summer season: the plant blooms in May and ends flowering in the late fall. Seeds ripen in the fruit-pod and retain a high germination rate of more than three years. The decorativeness of alissum emphasizes the pleasant aroma that attracts bees.
It is planted in rabatkah, in flower beds, used in curb lines. In rockeries and alpine slides, alissum replaces the bulb cultures that quickly fade away.
Get acquainted: alissum rocky
Cultivate perennial and annual plants. One of the most common perennials is rocky alissum, forming decorative hemispherical crowns on low spreading shrubs. Blooming in spring with bright yellow flowers, this ground cover reaches a height of 25-30 cm, and 30-50 cm wide. Rocky alissum bloom is short-lasting 4-5 weeks, but pruning can be achieved secondary flowering at the end of summer: the bushes are pruned until left above the ground of the shoots 10 cm high. A lower cut will destroy the plant, so excessive zeal is not needed here. The most famous varieties - Citrinum, Compactum, Golden Wave, Plenum.
Alyssum is rocky unpretentious and drought-resistant, it successfully endures harsh winters and is not afraid of spring cold snaps, it is excellent for the entourage of alpine hills. The one-year brothers of this honey plant are also decorative, but they bloom much longer, for example, as the marine alissum. In warm regions, this plant is perennial, but in temperate latitudes it does not tolerate harsh winters. About him and will be discussed further, although the recommendations on the agrotechnology of growing plants of this genus are the same for all species.
Alyssum Marine: Description
Growing in height only up to 20 cm, this plant diverges in width up to 30-35 cm due to strongly branching stems and forming fluffy bushes with dense oval, slightly pubescent leaves. Small flowers, collected in the brush, have an excellent honey aroma. Alyssum Maritime is a champion of the genus in terms of flowering time: reaching the beginning of summer of growing age, it goes under the snow with flowering tops of the shoots. The rapidly growing alissum forms a continuous flowering carpet, excellently carries sanitary haircuts and is instantly restored. Despite the fact that it is grown as an annual plant, in temperate climates with a mild winter it grows self-sowing, freeing the gardener from sowing and transplanting works. Usually, having landed a marine alissum once, a gardener has to renew plantings only once every 2-3 years. Thanks to selective developments, new varieties have appeared, the colors of which are very diverse and can be white, yellow, pink, lilac and even violet in different interpretations and intensities.
Popular varieties of alissum marine
The most famous and sought after:
• Tiny Tim is a dwarf (up to 8 cm in height) ground cover with white inflorescences.
• Easter Bonnet Deep Rose - hot pink alissum.
• Princess In Pearl - ampelous variety with hanging stems up to 35 cm long and fragrant purple flowers.
• Violet Konigin - compact branchy alissum (up to 10-15 cm) with bright purple flowers.
How to grow marine alissum
Cultivation of seedlings is grown in the warmer regions and the seedless method is used, but the flowering will be delayed, since the seeds planted in May will take time to germinate, thin out, enter into force and the bushes will bloom only by July. Sow the seeds in the ground in the prepared grooves, deepening by 1-1.5 cm. When seedlings appear, plant the plantings, otherwise the plants will begin to oppress each other. Most often, the off-seed method is used for sowing perennial varieties before winter: they are sown in November, over the winter they are stratified and germinate in spring. But this does not apply to such a plant as sea alissum. Cultivation from seeds of this species is practiced extremely rarely.
The seedling method for temperate latitudes is safer and more economical, since with it, as a rule, there are no excess seedlings. In addition, it allows you to get a flowering lawn by the beginning of summer. It all depends on the time of planting, and in order to get a flowering honey plant earlier, seeds are sown for seedlings in March-April. Note that from the time of sowing to the beginning of flowering takes 6-7 weeks.
The first step in growing seedlings will be the acquisition of a light nutrient soil with a pH index of 5.5 to 6.2. Seedling containers are disinfected and filled with ground for two thirds of the volume. Then it is well moistened and seeds are sown, controlling their uniformity on the soil surface. The seeds of the alissum are small, so you can not fill them with earth, but only lightly press them against it. The containers are covered with any transparent material, creating the necessary microclimate, and placed in a cool (10-15 ° C) and bright place. Shoots appear after 6-9 days. From the beginning of seed germination, covering material is removed, seedlings are gently moistened, preventing them from drying out.
With the advent of the first true leaflets, the plant is fed with organo-mineral fertilizer for flower seedlings. Suitable, for example, "Humat Sakhalin", a very effective drug for a plant such as alissum. Seedlings should be fed every 10-14 days. If necessary, grown seedlings dive in separate pots, when 3-5 leaves grow on the stems, but more often they are planted directly on the flowerbed.
Planting in open ground
Seedlings are planted to a permanent place when the danger of frost returning is past. Alyssum Marine prefers sunny locations with water and breathable dry fertile soil. The reaction of the soil can be any - neutral, slightly acidic or slightly alkaline. Alyssum (photo, published in the publication, this is confirmed) grows well between stones heated in the sun, apparently, the preferences of wild-growing fellows, prevalent mainly in the mountains and foothills, affect. Therefore, rock gardens and rockeries for alissum are most preferred.
What to consider when landing
When planting seedlings, it should be borne in mind that the plant grows rapidly in all directions, and, in order to avoid oppression with each other, it is necessary to observe intervals, focusing on the variety. For example, for dwarf species it will be 15-20 cm, and for larger ones - 35-40 cm.
Planting holes are dug up in size slightly larger than the roots of a plant with an earthy clod. Strong depths are avoided; it is necessary to plant the bushes, keeping to the level that was in the seedling tank or the picking pot. After planting, the plants generously watered. If the plants placed in a flower bed have grown too much and have violated the composition, they can be divided and transplanted into smaller independent plants. To avoid infection, root slices are treated with pharmaceutical green paint or powdered with crushed coal.
As far as the process of planting an alissum is simple, care for it is just as simple, consisting in timely watering, loosening the soil, weeding, feeding and pruning. Water the plant regularly, and in dry hot weather, the intensity of moisture increases. Decorative culture depends on the normal water exchange, and when there is a lack of moisture, the plant drops flowers and buds. These are the biological characteristics of such a plant as alissum. Care of the culture - this is mandatory loosening, since the roots need access to air. Spend them after watering. Mulching landings free from loosening and weeding, and water will have much less.
The plant also needs quality feedings. Alyssum marine blooms constantly, so its nutrition should be intense. During the season it is fertilized 3-4 times: the first - during the growth of green mass (mainly with nitrogen preparations or organic), the second - at the beginning of flowering, and then 3-4 weeks before the end of the season with complex mineral fertilizers.
Decorative flower is supported by timely and correct pruning. After the first wave of flowering, dried flower stalks remain, which should be removed in order to increase the formation of subsequent buds and prevent seed formation. Therefore, they carry out periodic pruning, shortening shoots by 5-7 cm, stimulating branching and subsequent flowering. In addition, pruning will give bushes well-groomed and compact look.
When seeds are harvested
The end of September or the beginning of October is the time of gathering the seeds. To do this, choose a windless day, cut the plants and, rubbing the inflorescences with their hands, pour the seeds onto a spread newspaper. Dry the seeds in a dry well-ventilated area and store until sowing in a cotton fabric bag.
These are the features of a magnificent groundcover called the mysterious name Alissum. The photos presented in the article convey the charm of this culture, but after seeing it live, every gardener will want to settle it in his garden.
Popular types of alissum in the garden
The following types of alissum are most widely used in floriculture:
- lobularia (Lobularia) - has one-year and perennial species, among which the most common one-year received alissum sea, or sea lobula (Alyssum maritimum, Lobularia maritima),
- rocky alissum (Alyssum saxatile, Aurinia saxatilis) - perennial with yellow flowers.
Also in the gardens there are other perennial species of alissum with yellow and white flowers, for example: alissum Gmelin (A. Gmelinii), alissum pyrenean (Alyssum pyrenaicum, Ptilotrichum pyrenaicum), cassion alissum (Alyssum repens, Alyssum transsilvanicum, Alyssum trichostachyum, Alyssum virescens).
Alyssum rocky is an attractive and bright perennial plant that forms dense and wide (up to 40 cm in diameter) hemispherical shrubs with well-branching shoots that are 30 cm tall. The shoots of the alissum rocky are covered with pilous gray leaves.
A distinctive feature of rocky alissum is that the lush flowering of this species occurs in early spring and lasts more than a month. With good care and suitable weather, he may re-bloom in August and autumn.
Flowering shrub alissum rocky completely enveloped in short tassels of yellow inflorescences. At the peak of flowering closed plants look like a solid yellow carpet.
In the gardens are common cultural forms of rock rock alissum:
- plenum (f. plenum) - up to 30 cm tall, blooms for a very long time with double golden-yellow flowers,
- citrinum (f. citrinum) - with lemon flowers,
- compactum (f. compactum) - has undersized bushes (up to 18 cm high) with small inflorescences,
- prostrate (f. procumbens) - forms bushes creeping on the ground up to 8 cm in height.
Many varieties of rocky alisum have been developed, including the Golden Wave. Seedlings bloom in the second year after planting. The plant is low, forms a dense carpet, has very fragrant yellow flowers.
The grade of alissum rocky "Dudley Neville" has terry yellowish-brown flowers. A variety of "Variegata" is different motley leaves.
With age, the rocky alissum needs rejuvenating procedures, as its shoots gradually become bare.
In the photo: alissum rocky variety “Golden Wave”, lobularia of the Aphrodite variety series
Growing alissum in the garden
Alyssums are unpretentious, flowering plants that grow well in open sunny areas. In the shade, they also feel good, but their flowering becomes more rarefied.
A sunny place for planting alissum need to pick up a dry, well-drained.
Alissum is undemanding to the soil composition, but prefers a neutral substrate, acidic soils and wetlands are not suitable for its cultivation.
Alyssum tolerates heat, does not suffer from a lack of watering. It is able to bloom well even in a dry period, but the duration and intensity of flowering with a prolonged lack of moisture decreases.
Excessive watering has a detrimental effect on alissums, however, young plants in the process of growth need moderately moist soil.
For the cultivation of alissum need space, as its young shoots quickly expand to the sides. Florists plant alissum bushes at a distance of up to 30 cm. Within a month after planting, under good growing conditions, a young plant covers a fairly large area.
If necessary, carry out the collection of alissum seeds after they ripen.
If the seeds are not needed, and to avoid self-sowing, the flowering inflorescences of the alissums are immediately pruned, so that the plant does not waste strength on the formation of unwanted seeds.
Alissum crops in open ground and on seedlings
One-year-old alissum breeds only with seeds, which are best sown immediately on a permanent place - in flower beds or garden vases.
The best time for sowing alissum in open ground is the end of April or the beginning of May. If the nights are cold, then it is advisable to cover the seedlings with a nonwoven covering material.
After the seedlings of alissuma get stronger, if necessary, they can be carefully transplanted.
Annual Alissum marine and perennial species of Alissum are often grown through seedlings (seeds sown in March), which allows for the earlier flowering of seedlings.
Seeds of alissum rarely and evenly spread over the surface of the soil. It is not necessary to sprinkle the seeds with earth, because they need light for germination.
Capacity with crops of an alissum cover with glass or a package, place in a warm light place. At emergence of the first shoots glass needs to be removed.
Seedlings of alissum are rather small, care for them should be carried out carefully. Pick in separate cups is carried out in the phase of four true leaves.
In order for the bush of the alissum to branch well, it is necessary to nip the seedling when it reaches a height of about 10 cm. Soon, the annual alissums are covered with buds.
Alissum saplings with intact roots well tolerate planting in open ground.
You can sow seeds of alissums directly in open ground in autumn or early spring.
Sub-winter sowing of alissum seeds allows you to get plants that bloom before the others. At the same time their flowering will be more magnificent. The subwinter seeding of the alissum is carried out when steady cold weather has established in the fall. But if it gets warmer, then shoots of alissum may appear, which in regions with severe winters need shelter.
Spring sowing of alissum seeds in the garden is carried out when the air temperature is not lower than 15 degrees.
Small shoots of alissum need good care for good development: weeding, watering in dry hot weather.
Thinning seedlings of alissum is carried out when they are strong enough, leaving at least 15 cm between neighboring plants. Such plants bloom no earlier than July.
Vegetative reproduction of perennial alissum
Gardeners successfully propagate perennial alissums not only by seed, but also vegetatively - by dividing the bush and grafting.
Alissum grafting is carried out in summer. Cut shoots are planted in a light nutrient soil, watered.
The division of the bush of a perennial alissum is carried out in spring, during the sowing of seeds, in late April or early May. To do this, the old overgrown bushes are dug and divided with a sharp knife so that each of them has enough shoots with roots. In the new place, the planted plant is taken care of for the first time: shading, watering, weeding.
Perennial alissums are winter-hardy, they do not require any special care. The whole process is reduced to cutting after flowering and pruning bare old and too long shoots.
После зимовки с кустика алиссума убирают все поломанные побеги и засохшие листья. В конце цветения нужно убрать с кустика цветоносы и слабые ветки, что стимулирует повторное цветение в конце сезона.
Подкормки алиссума (два раза в сезон) минеральными комплексными удобрениями или органикой хорошо сказываются на состоянии растения. Подпитка придает алиссуму силы для нового роста и обильного продолжительного цветения.
При повышенной влажности грунта алиссум подвергается заболеваниям: серая гниль, мучнистая роса, ржавчина и пятнистость. Sick plants destroy. При неблагоприятных погодных условиях, в качестве профилактики проводят опрыскивания растений противогрибковыми препаратами.
Алиссумы в ландшафтном дизайне
В ландшафтном дизайне часто сочетают однолетние и многолетние алиссумы, которые замечательно дополняют друг друга. Они хороши и в самостоятельной посадке, и в разнообразных группах.
Садовые дизайнеры широко используют алиссумы при создании альпинариев, рокариев, всевозможных клумб. Алиссумы отлично сочетаются с другими растениями в любых цветниках.
Я располагаю кустики алиссума в группах с турецкими гвоздиками, карликовыми ирисами и тюльпанами, с бархатцами, с флоксами.
To achieve a bright color contrast, yellow alissums are planted next to plants that bloom blue flowers, and white alissums are especially good next to red flowers.
Alissums look wonderful along with a variety of decorative leafy plants - the gray color of the leaves of alissum pleasantly contrasts with different shades of greenery and purple leaves.
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Varieties and types
Sea lobularia (seaside) Mediterranean annual plant forming dense bushes up to 30 cm in height, with fine pubescent foliage and small flowers of white or light purple color. The inflorescences in the form of brushes exude a rich honey aroma from May to October. Flowering is interrupted in the hot and dry summer.
Lobularia Alissum (simply alissum) is a perennial variety of lobularia, which is often equated to marine lobularia.
Thanks to the efforts of flower growers-breeders, in addition to the original specimens of lobularia with white and light purple flowers, today it is possible to acquire varieties with other colors - pink, crimson, lilac, and purple.
Lobularia royal carpet - a variety that combines both original and cultivated shades - white, purple, raspberry and purple. Low growth (up to 12 cm) allows you to successfully use it as a curb and ground-covering mixture, which is characterized by continuity of flowering from early summer to October, a refreshing view and excellent compatibility with other representatives of the garden.
Lobularia purple king - also low (up to 15 cm), compact, densely branched variety with purple flowers.
The name “white lobular”Does not officially classify a number of varieties with the corresponding color of flowers, which include:
- white and white and fluffy lobularia snow carpet,
- extraordinarily high for the genus as a whole lobariya weiss rizen (up to 35 cm)
- on the contrary, very tiny lobularia mystery tim (only 8 cm tall) and others.
Violet Queen lobularia It differs from white varieties not only in a dark purple shade of flowers, but also in a less pronounced smell.
Lobular heart note has bushes up to 12 cm tall, which are densely branched and dotted with small lanceolate foliage. The diameter of the flowers of this variety is about 4 mm, however, gathering in the inflorescences of pink-red color, they create a continuous cover of the bush during the flowering period.
Lobularia landing and care
Lobularia can not be attributed to the capricious plants, and, as usual, caring for it is not very different from that in cases with other garden crops.
This turns out excellent border decoration, beautifully filled space between the tiles of the tracks or not closely growing perennials - at the discretion of the grower.
The plant develops well in street vases, containers, and, grown in a box on a window or balcony, will hang as it does with ampelous plants.
After planting, and already adult lobularia should be systematically watered with warm water, it is very important not to allow waterlogging of the soil and to adjust the amount of applied moisture under weather conditions.
Soil for lobularia
Lobulyariya loves easy garden, not crude and not rich, a ground. The soil must be loosened, as the plant requires a certain amount of oxygen.
Top-dressings in the form of complex fertilizers should be applied no less than once every 7-10 days.
Strong heat can cause wilting, which can be managed by trimming the bushes - leaving 5-6 cm of escape.
Then it is necessary to fertilize and water the soil, after which the gaps in the “rug” will begin to gradually (within 2 weeks) be tightened with new stems.
Lobularia growing from seed
Severe climatic zones relevant to the northern regions of the Russian Federation do not become an obstacle to seed germination. Therefore, sowing lobularia can be carried out directly on the plot in the open ground in the last days of April or in November.
In order to get seedlings, they are sowing in greenhouses in March, and 4-10 days are expected to emerge. Planting on a permanent place is made in May, it is recommended to plant the plants at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other. Flowering begins 40-50 days after sowing.
Sparseness of crops - one of the most important points in understanding how to grow lobularia and achieve its abundant flowering. Moreover, densely planted plants can be affected by powdery mildew.
It is desirable to thin out the seedlings, especially if the seedlings have risen a lot - leave 2-3 pieces 10 cm apart, and it is even better to dive them into cups or pots.
Before sowing lobularia in open ground, the plot should be loosened, leveled and applied complex mineral fertilizers. Sowing is done on the ground surface. One of the advantages of growing this annual is self-sowing with preservation of varietal characteristics, and independent crops are ahead of seedlings in development.
Sowing small-seed lobularia in the snow is also very effective. For its implementation, it is necessary to cover the ground with a layer of snow and evenly distribute the seeds over it. When the snow melts, it will pull the seeds along with it to the required depth, while a short-term cooling will have a stimulating effect on the germination of the embryo, which will be the key to more rapid germination.
Diseases and pests
The most common disease of lobiliariya is the root rot noted above, associated with overdosing in watering and frequent rains. Its manifestations can be judged if leaves begin to turn yellow.
In such a situation, a plant transplant will help to transplant to another place, the benefit of this procedure is very good. The root system should be pre-washed with a weak solution of potassium permanganate (with a pink tinge), and it is better to treat the landing site with insecticides.
Alyssum varieties and types
Alissum marine, orsea lobula(A. maritium, or Lobularia maritime). Homeland - the Mediterranean. Perennial. In Central Russia, it is grown as an alissum annual. Height is 20-25 cm. Stems form undersized compact sockets. The length of the stem to 40 cm. The plant does not overwinter in open ground. Flowers of alissum navy blue, pink and white. Blossom begins in May and pleases the eye before the onset of frost. Actively growing and tolerates a haircut.
It has several garden varieties:
Bentham (var. Benthamii (Voss) Bailey) — plant 30-40 cm tall, white flowers. Its most famous varieties: 'Weiss Risen' - a plant up to 35 cm tall with large white flowers, can also be used for cutting, 'Schneeshturm' - a plant up to 25 cm tall, white flowers, large,
Compact (var. Compactum hort.) - plant 12-15 cm tall, white flowers. Known variety: 'Violetkenigin' ('Violetkonigin') - bush 10-15 cm tall, compact, densely branched, purple flowers, 'Capet of Snow' ('Carpet of Snow') - Allissum ‘Snow carpet’, a variety with large white flowers. Stems creeping, form a dense carpet, bush height of 11-15 cm, the aroma is very strong.
Prostrate (var. Procumbens (Bailey) Boom). The most famous varieties: 'Schneeteppich' ('Schneeteppich') - bush 8-10 cm tall, compact, densely branched, white flowers, gathered in short brushes, 'Rosie O'Day' - bush 8-10 cm tall, flowers dense pink, 'Konigsteppih' - A plant up to 10 cm tall, the flowers are purple-violet.
Variegated (var. Variegatum hort.) - plant up to 12-15 cm tall with yellowish-white-bonded leaves and small white or light purple flowers, as well as tetraploid variety - 'Tetra Schneetreiben' - Bush up to 25 cm tall, richly and continuously blooming, large flowers, white.
Of the relatively new varieties worth noting:'
'Easter Deep Rose' - one of the youngest varieties of marine lobularia. It is distinguished by its short stature and intensive flowering. The corollas are bright pink in color. This group of varieties also includes 'Easter Bonnet Pink' - coloring of small flowers lilac-pink.
Inflorescences of plant varieties 'New Apricot' seem pure white. Only upon closer examination can a pale apricot shade be noticed on the corolla.
For grade 'Paletta'characteristic rich color palette - corollas can be pink in several shades, crimson, lilac, red, brownish, and white. Small plants only about 10 cm tall look cozy and old-fashioned, although 'Paletta' appeared only in 1997
Petals of lobularia 'Salmon ' painted in the most fashionable color at the present time - pink gray. The height of the bushes is also about 10 cm.
Plant varieties 'Tiny Tim' even smaller, their height is only 8 cm. This is a real dwarf variety. Since this lobularia has creeping shoots, it has a high ground cover ability. In the summer, the bushes are almost entirely hidden under the boiled-white caps of the inflorescences.
‘Easter Bonnet White’ - variety with white flowers.
‘Klein Dorrit’ - variety with white flowers. Height 15 cm.
‘Lilac Queen’ - variety with dark lilac flowers.
‘Little Dorrit’ - variety with white flowers and straight stems. Height 15 cm.
‘MorningMist’ - A variety with flowers of several shades.
‘Oriental Night’ - variety with dark lilac flowers. Height 10 cm.
‘Royal Carpet’ - variety with purple flowers.
‘Snow Krystals’ - Burachek with white large flowers. Height 25-30 cm. Good for growing in hanging baskets.
‘Wonderland’ - Alissum with flowers of bright pink color. Height is 5-10 cm.
Alissum Rock (A. saxatile, or Aurinia saxatilis). Homeland - Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Western Black Sea, Asia Minor. Perennial. The height of the stems is up to 30 cm, this alissum has a lot of interesting leaf shape, with a juicy gray tint. The leaves of this species can be stored on the stems even in winter. Flowers clustered in panicles, yellow. The plant blooms early and shortly, only from April to May. We know several varieties of rocky alissum:
‘Compactum’ - undersized variety, height up to 18 cm.
‘Plenum’ - rock cape with golden-yellow double flowers, plant height up to 30 cm. Flowering is longer than that of the main species.
‘Procumbes’ - dwarf creeping variety, height up to 8 cm.
‘Dudley Neville’ - with yellowish-brown flowers.
‘Citrinum’ - with lemon yellow flowers.
"Golden Wave" - quite lush plant with yellow flowers, which reaches a height of 20 cm. It blooms only from the age of two.
Alyssum Pyrenean(A. pyrenaicum, or Ptilotrichum pyrenaicum). Homeland - the Pyrenees. Long-term alissum. Height 15-20 cm. The leaves are oval, fleshy, silvery, pubescent. The color of the flowers is white. It blooms in summer.
Alissum creeping(A. repens, or A. transsilvanicum, or A. trichostachyum, or A. virescens). In its natural environment it grows in the steppes and mountains of Eastern and Southeastern Europe, Western Asia. Perennial. Height 40-60 cm. Basal leaves are oval, collected in the outlet. Stem leaves of lanceolate form. The color of the flowers is bright yellow. It blooms in late spring.
Alissum silver(A. argenteum). Long-term alissum. Height up to 80 cm. The stems form a silver-green outlet. The leaves are small, silver-gray below, green above. Coloring lemon-yellow flowers. It blooms in May and July.
Alpine alpine (Alyssum alpestre). Homeland - Mountains of Europe. Perennial up to 6cm tall. Short, bunched, stem. Grayish small elliptical leaves. Yellow four-petal flowers, collected in spherical apical inflorescences.
Alyssum borage (Alyssum alyssoides). Homeland - Scandinavia, Central Europe, the Mediterranean, Asia Minor. Suckling in North America, Australia, Africa. Perennial with woody roots up to 40 cm tall and woody at the base of gray-pubescent, straight or ascending stems. Lower leaves from obovoid to lanceolate, upper leaves already. Flowers 0.2-0.4 cm long, spaced. Sepals 0.2-0.3 cm long, long-lasting. Fruits are rounded 0.3-0.4 cm in diameter, densely pubescent, fruit flaps bulging with thickened edges. Seeds are 0.1-0.2 cm in diameter, narrowly winged. Shine. Seed propagation.
Alyssum Borzi (Alyssum borzeanum). Perennial with woody roots. Stems numerous, covered with white hairs. Stem leaves, narrowed to the base, grow old during flowering. Inflorescences are simple or complex plates with small yellow flowers.
Alyssum calycin (Alyssum calycinum). Annual, gray-green herb 20-30 cm tall with a pale fusiform root. Stem erect and ascending, often branching from below. Leaves are short, elongated, obovate, gray, star-pubescent. Flowers are collected in the final brush, on short legs. Sepals - except for stellate - are covered at the top and with simple bristles, which after flowering remain near the ripening fruit. Okolovenchikovye leaflets narrow, 3-4 mm long, slightly incised in front, sulfur-yellow, later almost colorless, stamen threads simple. The pods are round, pressed-stellate-pubescent. It blooms from June to September.
Alyssum cuneiform (Alyssum cuneifolium). It is a small herbaceous, pubescent perennial 5-15 cm tall. The leaves are oblong-spatulate, oblong-linear, 0.7-1.5 cm long and 0.2-0.4 cm wide, narrowed at the base, the edges are solid, blunt or sharp at the top. Flowers with oblong sepals about 0.3 cm long, with yellow petals up to 0.6 cm long, collected in the final, ciliated brush. Fruits are elliptical about 0.6 cm long and up to 0.4 cm wide.
Alyssum Dagestan (Alyssum daghestanicum). Perennial, forming turf, gray scales. Stems 4-23 cm tall, simple, densely leafy. Leaves narrow linear spatulate. Brushes few-flowered, almost umbrella-shaped. Peduncles and calyx gray from stellate hairs. Sepals about 0.3 cm long. Petals of fawn color, up to 0.55 cm long. The pods are oval, up to 0.4 cm long and 0.45 cm wide.
Alyssum Dagestan f. rocky (Alyssum daghestanicum f. saxatilis). Strongly branched perennial up to 25 cm tall, forming a hemispherical bush 30-40 cm in diameter. Stems branched, woody at the base. The leaves are elongated or obovate, sulfurous, collected in thick rosettes. The flowers are small, yellow, with notched petals, in short, dense racemes.
Alyssum deserted (Alyssum desertorum). Annual 8-20 cm tall. Stems branched from the base, gray from stellate hairs. Leaves linear-oblong, narrowed to the base. The flowers are collected in a brush, elongated when ripe fruits. Peduncles obliquely upward sticking, 2-3.5 mm long. Petals linear-oblong, notched, rarely dull, pale yellow, later almost white, 2.5-3 mm long. It dwells in steppes, on limestone and chalk slopes, along roadsides. General distribution: Siberia, the southern part of Europe.
Alyssum diversicaule (Alyssum diversicaule). Perennial 5-30 cm tall. Stems numerous, ascending, woody at the base, together with leaves gray from stellate hairs. Leaves linear or spatulate. Flowers numerous, small (3-5 mm in diameter), yellow, racemes branched inflorescence dense. It lives on chalk and calcareous slopes. General distribution: southern Europe. It blooms in the first half of May with bright yellow hemispherical pillows with a diameter of 20-35 cm in rarefied communities, very effectively.
Alyssum cannibal (Alyssum flexicaule). Motherland - Europe. Perennial up to 6cm tall. Short thin weak stem. Grayish green small elliptical leaves. Yellow fragrant chetyrehlepestkovye flowers, collected in apical inflorescences.
Alyssum Gmelin (Alyssum gmelinii). Perennial gray-green plant with a height from 5 to 20 cm, densely covered with stellate hairs, with a thin velenenayuschim root. Stem ascending or lying, branched, with sterile, rosette-like shortened shoots. The lower leaves are short branch, obovate, upper sessile, longitudinally and obversely-lanceolate, entire, covered with sparse stellate hairs from above, gray filamentous from below. The flowers are bright yellow, about 6 mm in diameter, collected in simple brushes up to 3 cm in diameter. Sepals densely covered with adherent stellate hairs. The pods are round and obovate, 4–5 mm long, the sashes are covered with stellate hairs, and the stigma is 2-3 mm long. Seeds ovoid, narrowly winged, two in a nest. It blooms from April to June. It dwells in steppes, dry pine forests, outcrops of carbonate rocks. Europe.
Alyssum holonogy (Alyssum gymnopodium). Perennial herb 15-30 cm tall, lignified at the base and branchy shoots. Leaves obovate, small, gray from stellate pubescence. Inflorescence is corymbose, friable. The flowers are small, yellow. The fruit is an oval pod 0.3-0.4 cm long, star-pubescent.
Alyssum rough (Alyssum hirsutum). Europe. Annual plant with long, stubby pubescence. Stems are straight, branched, 6-36 cm tall. Leaves oblong-lanceolate. Sepals 2-3.5 cm long. Petals are fawn, 2-incised, 0.3-0.5 cm long. The pods are round, about 0.7 cm long. Flowering in April-May.
Alyssum ordinary (Alyssum idaeum). Europe. Perennial up to 10cm tall. Creeping stalk. Grayish-green elliptical leaves. Yellow four-petal flowers collected in dense apical inflorescences.
Alyssum Lena (Alyssum lenense). Peachy perennials with woody stems bases up to 20 cm tall. Stems erect, branched. Leaves up to 2 cm long and 3 mm wide. Цветки до 6 мм в диаметре, желтые в коротких многоцветковых кистях. Обитают на степных каменистых и песчанных склонах. Общее распространение: Восточная Европа, Монголия, Северный Китай.
Алиссум длинностолбиковый (Alyssum longistylum). Родина - Европа. Многолетник до 12 см высотой. Ползучий слабый стебель. Серебристые эллиптические листья. Желтые четырехлепестковые цветки, собранные в длинные густые верхушечные соцветия.
Алиссум горный (Alyssum montanum). Многолетнее серо-зеленое растение высотой от 5 до 30 см, густо покрытое звездчатыми волосками, с тонким деревенеющим корнем. Стебель восходящий, ветвистый, со стерильными, розеткообразно расположенными укороченными побегами. Нижние листья короткочерешчатые, обратнояйцевидные, верхние сидячие, продольно- и обратноланцетные, цельнокрайние, сверху покрыты редкими звездчатыми волосками, снизу серовойлочные. Цветки в простых конечных метелках, черешчатые. Чашелистики густо покрыты прижатыми звездчатыми волосками. Okolovenchikovye leaves are golden-yellow, 4-5 mm long, calyx and corolla soon fall off after flowering. The pods are round and obovate, 4–5 mm long, the sashes are covered with stellate hairs, and the stigma is 2-3 mm long. Seeds ovoid, narrowly winged, two in a nest. It blooms from April to June.
Alyssum mountain (Alyssum montanum subsp. Brymii). Sterile shoots are not expelled, the plant is covered with 12–16-radial stellate hairs, the leaves are orange and dark yellow, 5–6 mm long, the filaments are winged, ending with two or three teeth, inhabiting the calcareous rocks of Slovak beauty.
Alyssum mountain Gmelin (Alyssum montanum subsp. Gmelinii). The stalk is often branching only in the upper part, the leaves are light yellow, 3–4 mm long, the threads of relatively long stamens are winged on both sides, inhabiting sand dunes and mounds in lowlands.
Alyssum wall (Alyssum murale). Motherland - Europe. Perennial up to 30cm tall. Thin straight stalk, woody at the base and with creeping branches. Gray elliptical leaves. Yellow four-petal flowers, collected in apical inflorescences.
Alyssum obovate (Alyssum obovatum). Western and Eastern Siberia, Central Asia, Mongolia. Annual or biennial with thin, easily pulling out roots, the stems at the base are not woody. Plant up to 15-20 cm tall, silver. Stems ascending, woody in lower parts, branched near apex. Leaves back-oval or spatulate, blunt. Inflorescences thick, racemes, from bright yellow flowers. Flowers 0.6-1.0 cm long. Sepals 0.2 cm long. Fruits are round or elliptical, 0.3-0.5 cm long. Seeds are rounded elliptical, 0.1-0.2 cm long. Seed propagation.
Alyssum Savransky (Alyssum savranicum). On the chalky outcrops and in the rocky steppes of the Voronezh and Belgorod regions, this Eastern European species is encountered with a flat, rounded pod 3-4 mm long.
Alyssum spiny (Alyssum spinosum). Loose spiny shrub 40-50 cm tall with oval silver leaves and fragrant white flowers, gathered in short brushes. May bloom.
Alyssum tortuous, or Alyssum tortuosum. Motherland - Europe, the Caucasus, Central Asia. This is a very polymorphic species. Perennial. Stems at the base of woody, ascending or straight, winding, 8-30 cm tall. The leaves are back oval-oblong or reverse-oval, small, rounded-oval or oblong, the upper ones are often back-lanceolate, always narrowed towards the base, gray-haired from the pubescence. Inflorescence branched, squamous paniculate. Sepals about 0.2 cm long, petals 0.23-0.3 cm long, back-oval, golden-yellow. The pods are flat, elliptical. Flowering in April-June.
Alyssum Wulfen (Alyssum wulfenianum). Perennial 30-45 cm tall, forms a low hummock or cushions of gray-green leaves up to 3 cm long, elliptical, gradually turning into petiole. The final inflorescences carry masses of golden-yellow flowers. Fruits are elliptical, up to 0.8 cm long.
Alyssum tight (Alyssum turgidum)
Alyssum argenteum All. - Alyssum silver
Alyssum atlanticum Desf. - Alyssum Atlantic
Alyssum baumgartnerianum Bornm.
Alyssum bertolonii subsp. scutarinum nyar.
Alyssum bornmuelleri Hausskn. ex Degen
Alyssum bracteatum Boiss. & Buhse
Alyssum canescens DC.
Alyssum condensatum Boiss. & Hausskn.
Alyssum constellatum Boiss.
Alyssum corsicum duby - corsican alissum
Alyssum dasycarpum Stephan ex Willd.
Alyssum diffusum Ten.
Alyssum erosulum Gennari & Pestal. ex clementi
Alyssum flahaultianum Emb.
Alyssum granatense Boiss. & Reut.
Alyssum handelii hayek
Alyssum ligusticum Breistr.
Alyssum linifolium Stephan ex Willd. - Alyssum Flaxvy
Alyssum loiseleurii P.Fourn.
Alyssum marginatum Steud. ex Boiss.
Alyssum markgrafii O.E.Schulz
Alyssum minutum Schltdl. ex DC.
Alyssum moellendorfianum Asch. ex beck
Alyssum nebrodense tineo
Alyssum ovirense A.Kern.
Alyssum pateri Nyar.
Alyssum peltarioides Boiss.
Alyssum purpureum lag. & Rodr. - Alyssum purple
Alyssum scutigerum durieu
Alyssum serpyllifolium Desf. - Alyssum serpolistny
Alyssum sibiricum Willd. - Alyssum Siberian
Alyssum simplex Rudolphi - Alyssum simple
Alyssum stapfii vierh.
Alyssum strictum Willd.
Alyssum strigosum Banks & Sol.
Alyssum szowitsianum Fisch. & C.A.Mey.
Alyssum turkestanicum Regel & Schmalh. - Alyssum Turkestan
Alyssum umbellatum Desv.
Alyssum xanthocarpum Boiss.
So, we will get acquainted with lobularia. Of course, as well as alissum, it belongs to the Cruciferous or Cabbage (Brassicaceae) and is also called gaspot. After separation in the genus lobularia there are only 5 species growing in the Mediterranean countries, on the islands and archipelagoes of this region. Among them are annuals and perennials.
All of them - low bushes from 8 to 40 cm in height, beginning to branch from the very base of the stem. The leaves are small, narrow and pointed, have a regular arrangement. The whole plant appears greyish due to the strong pubescence.
Delicate flora lobula
Small flowers - white or lilac - are collected in clusters in the form of a brush. Flowers characteristic of all cruciferous structures, have 4 petals, fruits - small pods. They gave the name to this genus: lobulus in Latin means pod.
Now consider some types of lobularia.
The most common type is seaside lobula(Lobularia maritima). Originally from the Azores and Canaries, where it grows on sand dunes, gravelly and ordinary soils.
This is a small annual plant, up to 30 cm tall, all the branches are covered with slightly oblong pubescent leaves. Petals of small flowers (white, pink or light purple) form elongated racemes-brushes.
Inflorescences lobariya seaside
It blooms for a very long time, throughout the summer and until late autumn, it produces a very pleasant honey aroma. After the haircut is easily restored and continues to delight its flowering. It has varieties and varieties, it was they that became widely spread among gardeners.
Group of compact varieties
- Variety 'Violetkonigin'. A very small bush with a height of 10-15 cm forms a set of branching shoots, the flowers have a purple hue.
- Variety 'Carpet of Snow'. White, very fragrant flowers on a bush 12-15 cm tall.
- Variety 'Schneeteppich'. Bush tiny, only 8-10 cm in height. White flowers form short brushes.
- Variety 'Rosie O'Day'. The baby is 8-10 cm tall, the flowers have a rich pink color.
- Sort 'Kenigsteppih'. Small plant, all covered with purple-violet flowers.
Group of motley
For low (up to 15 cm) plants, leaflets with a border around the edge (yellowish or white) and medium-sized flowers of white or light purple color are characteristic.
- Variety 'Easter Deep Rose'. The youngest variety, the plants are stunted, form bushes, completely covered with bright pink flowers.
- Variety 'New Apricot'. The inflorescences consist of flowers, the tips of which are painted in a very delicate pale apricot shade.
Apricot Flowers Lobularia
- Variety 'Paletta'. This variety has a variety of petal colors - different shades of pink and densely crimson, there are also lilac and even brown.
- Variety 'Salmon'. Small bushes 10 cm tall, decorated with inflorescences fashionable salmon-pink color.
- Variety 'Tiny Tim'. Just a dwarf (up to 8 cm) with creeping shoots, looks like a ground cover plant, all covered with dazzling white flowers.
Other types of lobularia
Canarian lobularia(Lobularia canariensis). A small perennial bush, an endemic plant of the Canary Islands and the Cape Verde archipelago. Libyan lobularia(Lobularia libyca). Annual with a height of not more than 40 cm with white flowers. This species is characterized by large fruits bearing 4-5 seeds.
Libyan lobularia. Photo from all-begonias-tamaravn.blogspot.ru
In our market you can find seeds of different varieties of lobularia. Choose the right for your site, you can by clicking on the link.
Growing seaside lobularia
Growing this plant is not difficult. It propagates by sowing seeds in the spring. To get an earlier flowering, sow better in the middle or end of March on the seedlings. Choose loburia seeds in our planting material catalog.
Shoots appear fairly quickly, after about 7-10 days. When the seedlings grow a little, it is desirable to pick them up in a larger box or individual cups, then there will be enough space for the seedlings to grow. Landing should be kept on a very bright sunny window. Planting seedlings in the ground produced in late May.
Seedlings loburiarii. Photo from fioriconfiori.ru
A place for lobularia should choose the sunniest, because it is a plant of open spaces. It is undemanding to the soil, ordinary garden land is quite suitable. Young bushes are seated after 20 cm one from the other, then they will close up, grow, and form a solid carpet or border. Thickening planting is not worth it, in this case, the bloom will not be abundant and beautiful. You can sow the seeds of lobularia immediately into the ground, as soon as the soil allows, this flower is quite cold-resistant. After sprouting, the seedlings are either thinned or deposited with the grown-up surplus in another bed. You can also sow plants in late autumn. In this case, the seedlings will appear in early spring, and flowering will also begin early.
Caring for lobularia is the easiest: weeding and loosening is necessary at first. It should be watered on particularly hot days, but remember that the plant does not tolerate stagnant moisture, that is, it should not be overfilled. When flowering lasts for some time, and the bushes become untidy, pruning will help rejuvenate the plants, and they will continue to bloom until late autumn. Even the first frosts they are not afraid.
Lobularia in the garden
This plant seems indispensable in the garden. It is used in a variety of ways. Probably, this is one of the best curb annuals: along the path and along the edge of the flower bed, white varieties will perfectly shade any flowers of the most diverse colors.
Flowerbed of lobularia
On the Alpine hill or in rock arion, lobularia of any color will also look very organic. They are suitable for flowerpots and balcony boxes. And what aroma lobularia publishes, especially on hot sunny days, attracting bees to collect sweet nectar!
Grow lobularia in the garden, let it please you with its long flowering throughout the summer.