Pachypodium is found in the savannas and semi-deserts of Africa and Australia, and is also common in Madagascar. Its second name is "Madagascar palm", which the plant received because of its unusual shape. The plant has a thick trunk covered with sharp spines, and its top is decorated with a rosette of many long and narrow leaves.
In room culture, pachypodium started growing not long ago.. This is a large plant that is not suitable for small apartments, but its popularity continues to grow.
In the category you will see photos and views (Lamer, Sanders and others) of pachypodium.
Types and varieties
Of the many types of pachypodium in apartment conditions, no more than ten are grown. This is the most compact species with an interesting shape of the trunk. The most popular today are single-trunk species: Zhayi and Lamera. Also interesting is the branching Sanders and the succulent.
- Pachypodium Zhaya - A tree succulent reaching 6 m in height in nature has thin green leaves up to 3 cm wide. It does not branch. At home, rarely above 60 cm,
Pachypodium, which varieties it would not have, is suitable even for a beginner grower, because it is completely unpretentious and multiplies very simply, with the help of seeds.
Succulents do not need constant watering, spraying the foliage and seasonal feeding.
He can live all year round on the windowsill. However, despite all these advantages, it is necessary to observe some rules for the care of the plant, so that it pleases the owner with lush beautiful flowers.Pachypodium, born in Africa and Madagascar, easily tolerates heat and sun rays. Sunbathing is what he needs.
The plant will perfectly feel on the window sill, whose windows are facing south.
A small shadow is not critical for the flower, but the constant lack of sun will lead to a deterioration in the appearance of the trunk.
If you learn about all the features of pachypodium, then growing it at home will not be difficult. The main thing is the desire to see a beautiful succulent on your window.
When replanting indoor pachypodium, try to act carefully so as not to damage the root system of the plant. If the succulent is healthy, simply transfer it from the old pot to the new one and fill the remaining space with soil mixture. Free the plant with diseased roots from the old soil, remove the rotten or dried-out areas, treat the wounds with coal powder and only after that complete the transplant.
The indoor pachypodium flower grows very slowly, so its first flowering has to wait six or seven years, but if the plant is poorly or improperly cared for, it may not bloom at all. Follow the rules for the care of the succulent, do not allow the formation of drafts in the room, make sure that the plant lacks nutrition and light, and then one fine day you will be lucky to see the flowers of the pachypodium.
Pachypodium diseases and their treatment.
Pachypodium at home is very sensitive to excess moisture, and therefore prone to various rot. In order for the plant not to suffer from fungal diseases, its watering must be balanced. Keep in mind that this succulent is more easily tolerated by a lack of moisture than excessive moisture, which makes the stem thinner and rot, blacken and fall leaves. If the flower shows signs of rotting, immediately stop watering, place the plant in heat, process it and the substrate in which pachypodium grows, with a solution of fungicide and review the watering regime so that there will be no recurrence later.
Pachypodium pests and control.
In a room with dry air, pachypodium may be affected by spider mites sucking cellular sap from plants. Because of the small size, it is difficult to notice these pests, but if you find a thin web on the plant, immediately start fighting ticks: wash the flower under a warm shower and try to slightly increase the humidity in the room so that the ticks become uncomfortable. This is achieved by spraying pachypodium every night with warm, settled water. If the pests have multiplied, they will have to be destroyed with acaricides: Aktar, Aktellik, Akarin or Fitoverm.
Under the same conditions - at high temperature and low air humidity in the room - thrips, also feeding on cell sap, can parasitize on the pachypodium. Light spots and silvery streaks will begin to appear on the upper side of the leaves, and pests can be found on the lower side of the leaf plate. They destroy these insects with the same preparations as ticks.
Characteristic and description
Pachypodium or in Latin Pachypodium comes from the family Kutrovye and is a perennial succulent in the form of a tree or shrub. In the room culture, he came from the hot spots of Australia, southern Africa and Madagascar. The people of this succulent even got the nickname Madagascar Palm Tree, although it has nothing to do with palms. Only its appearance in adulthood, when a tall, spiny stem crowns a bunch of long leaves, gives the impression of similarity with this tropical tree. The Latin name of the plant comes from the phrase "fat leg", which indicates the impressive size of the stem.
In nature, slow-growing pachypodium sometimes grows up to 10 m, whereas indoors - up to 30 cm (maximum for some species) or up to 1.5 m. You can admire the “green friend” for 15 years or longer depending on the conditions of detention.
Some lovers of flora notice in pachypodium similarity with euphorbia, and this is not accidental. Plant too poisonous and dangerous however, its juice does not leave burns on the skin. Still, it is better to avoid contact with the milky sap, very carefully replant the tree and place it away from children and animals so that they do not hurt themselves with sharp spines.
The leaves of the "Madagascar palm" are simple and whole and grow from the very top of the trunk. The stem of the tree is very thick, fleshy and covered with sharp spines. The flowers are collected in a brush, snow-white, rather large and elegant tubular shape. They reveal and delight the florist for their beauty, they are mostly during the day.
Exists at least 20 varieties of this amazing succulent. In indoor floriculture can be found:
- Pachypodium Lamer, or in Latin Pachypodium lamerei Drake - This tree is very popular in home culture. The mighty, sometimes branching, stem with prickles and dark green leaves forming an outlet on its top make the plant a classic member of the genus. The flowers are creamy or pale pink with a yellow throat and a diameter of up to 11 cm. The spines are arranged on the tubercles arranged in a spiral - 3 pieces each. In the room, this representative of the flora grows up to 50 cm.
A flower with an unusual look. I don’t know with what colors he flowers and whether he blooms at all, since mine has not yet blossomed, even though I have been in it for three years already. Maybe you need to somehow feed something? At first he grew in my medium-sized pot. Then, when the flower grew, I, especially for him, made a wooden box and not a pot, something medium and large. Now the roots more space and flower more comfortable. In the summer, I stand on the site, it is in the sun near the house, beautifully.