Description of the plant:
Common cucumber 'Aquarius' is a variety bred by the All-Russian Scientific Research Institute for Vegetable Breeding and Seed Production. Permitted for use in the Central, Volga-Vyatka, Central Black Earth, North Caucasus and Middle Volga regions in 1989.
It is recommended for cultivation in an open ground.
Size and shape of growth:
Variety 'Aquarius' is represented by medium-weedy plants with a main stem length of 65–100 cm. First-order shoots are 2–4. Leaf is green, pentagonal, relatively dissected. The blades at the base do not reach the stem.
The ovary is oval. The surface is tuberculate. The pubescence is thick, mixed, white and brown.
Size, shape and color:
Zelenets of elongated oval shape, 12–14 cm long, 4.0–4.5 cm in diameter, 108–121 g in weight. The surface is rare-tubercular with a smooth, slightly elongated base. In cross section, the fruit is rounded-triangular.
Tastes of fruits are excellent.
Maturation and yield:
Cucumber ordinary 'Aquarius' refers to the varieties of early ripening (early ripening). Enters fructification for the 58th day after emergence of full shoots. Pollinated by bees. The variety is characterized by a friendly formation of the crop. Marketable yield of 2.2–3.2 kg / m 2.
The variety is relatively resistant to fruit rot, brown and olive spots. Susceptibility to peronospora, bacteriosis and anthracnose is average.
Methods of use:
It is recommended to be used for pickling purposes.
Other varieties "Common cucumber"
"> Cucumber "Zozulya"
"> Cucumber 'Herman'
"> Cucumber "Earer"
"> Cucumber 'Siberian garland'
"> Cucumber 'Real Colonel'
"> Cucumber 'Phoenix plus'
"> Cucumber 'Masha'
"> Cucumber 'Emerald Flow'
"> Cucumber 'Courage'
"> Cucumber 'Parisian Gherkin'
"> Cucumber 'Crane'
"> Cucumber 'Chinese Snakes'
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Characteristics of cucumber Aquarius
The plant of this variety has the following features:
- main stem 0.6–1 meters long,
- the average number of first-order shoots is from three to four
- leaves are dissected, pentagonal,
- the plant is pollinated by bees
- ovaries are located singly, have an oval shape, covered with tubercles, there is an intense pubescence of brown and white flowers.
Description of the fetus itself:
- varietal greens have an elongated oval shape,
- its diameter is from 4 to 4.5 centimeters,
- the cross-section of the fetus is trihedral,
- length 12-14 cm,
- weight 110–120 grams,
- the surface is covered with tubercles, smooth at the base,
- in the taste of the fruit bitterness is absent, it is juicy and sweetish. Does not become bitter, even if grown in arid conditions,
- the green color is constant, the fruit does not turn yellow,
The variety generally has the following characteristics:
- early maturing, fruiting begins 57 days after shoots appear above the ground,
- fruit picking in July and August
- Greens are formed together, abundantly, at the same time,
- the yield of the variety is high, from 2.2 to 3.2 kilograms per square meter,
- fruiting is long, in this parameter, the variety exceeds other early maturing by one to two weeks,
- Zelentsy have an excellent presentation and tolerate transportation.
Aquarius grows best in fertile soil. It is desirable that it was light, loose. In particular, suitable soils of the following nature:
- light and medium loam,
- black soil
At the same time, this variety does not take root on soils:
- with high acidity.
The best indicator of acidity for a plant is ph 6.5.
Note! In case of excessive acidity, you can correct the situation by liming the soil.
Lands that are located in the upper parts of the floodplain and soon freed from melt water will become a good place for sowing. Aquarius can also be successfully grown on virgin soil or deposits if the ground is sufficiently moist.
Cucumber Aquarius is grown mainly in vegetable gardens in the southern regions of Russia, in some cases, the variety is planted in the fields.
Cucumbers in open ground
You should not plant cucumbers in one place for two years, not to mention several. It should be alternated with other cultures. Plant makes sense to plant after the following predecessors:
- early potato varieties,
- white cabbage is also early,
- peas (green peas),
- cereals, such as alfalfa, oats, buckwheat, corn.
The cucumber itself will be a successful predecessor for most popular vegetables.
At the same time, there are a number of crops, after which cucumbers will grow poorly. This list includes:
- white cabbage of late varieties,
- beets, also late,
- pumpkin, zucchini and squash (close relatives of cucumbers),
- melons (melons and watermelons),
Seedling cucumber Aquarius can both grow independently by buying seeds, and buy ready-made.
To grow seedlings yourself, you need to prepare them after buying the seeds. One of the following methods (optional):
- soak (wrap in a damp cloth),
- hardening (storage for two days in a refrigerator at a temperature from zero to +2).
Next, the seeds are planted in separate containers, it can be plastic cups. They are filled with soil mixture (equal proportions of soil from the garden, peat and sand) and place a seed (or two) in all glasses to a depth of 1.5 - 2 centimeters. Plants put to the window on the south side or on the balcony. It makes sense to constantly light their fluorescent lamps.
Important! When buying ready seedlings, you should choose seedlings no older than a month. It is desirable that they had a strong, not thinned trunk.
In the Black Earth, it is recommended to land the Aquarius not earlier than mid-May. In the second half of this month, the temperature at night is consistently kept at a minimum level (not lower than + 12 ° C), suitable for this plant, and serious frosts are unlikely. In the more southern areas, sowing is allowed in the first half of March or even in early April. Further, the hybrid will ripen optimally if the temperature is kept in the range of 20 to 25 degrees.
The optimal distance between plants is 10–12 centimeters.
Before planting, it is recommended to prepare the soil:
- add on each square meter of soil from 10 to 15 kg of manure,
- add a combined fertilizer comprising 30 g of superphosphate, 20 g of urea, 20 g of potassium sulfate.
When growing cucumber varieties Aquarius is required to follow some recommendations:
- After planting seedlings need to close the film.
- It is advisable to tie the main stem of each individual plant to the trellis to give it a horizontal direction. Otherwise, the stems may begin to intertwine. Also the garter will give the chance to more rationally use space of a bed.
- All the time while cucumbers are growing, it is necessary to loosen the soil around the plants (approximately once every ten days, the best time is the next day after watering or rain), taking care not to damage their roots, which are located relatively close to the surface. This uses forks.
- We need a garden bed as needed.
- If the weather is relatively hot, it is necessary to water the garden bed every evening with warm water (25–28 ° C) at the root. In the morning, if necessary, water on the leaves. If the temperature is moderate, one irrigation is enough every five days in the proportion of 10 liters of water per 1 m2. If regular rains occur, watering can be reduced.
- During the period of fruit ripening, it is necessary to produce 2 or 3 supplements with a complex of fertilizers that are soluble in water.
The advantages of the variety
The varietal advantages of Aquarius include the following:
- very early fruiting
- synchronous ripening of fruits
- a relatively longer harvest period, up to two weeks longer than other early varieties,
- fruits have excellent taste
- they are perfectly stored and do not turn yellow,
- suitable for salting.
With proper care Aquarius will not disappoint and will give a great harvest.
Caring for cucumbers is and in tying shoots plants that need to be carried out regularly - as they grow.
After the formation of 6-7 leaves the main stem of the cucumber is necessary pinch, by this you stimulate the branching of the plant and increase the yield.
Do not forget about the regular collection of fruits (2-3 times a week), it will contribute to a more abundant fruit formation.
Open Field Cucumber Hybrids
Varieties and hybrids of cucumbers every year becomes more and more. At the same time, their composition is significantly updated annually - preference is given to the earliest, well-fructifying, relatively resistant to various diseases.
Open Field Cucumber Hybrids
Remember that all F1 hybrids do not retain their unique properties in the second generation, that is, there is no point in collecting seeds.
Mid-season fruitful bee-pollinating hybrid with a predominantly female type of flowering, relatively cold-resistant, extremely resistant to powdery mildew and downy mildew as well as olive spotting. Grow cucumbers 'Farmer F1' in protected and open ground. Zelenitsa fruit reaches 12 cm. The peculiarity of this hybrid lies in the intensive growth of the main whip and the rapid emergence of lateral shoots, with the growth of which comes the peak of mass fruiting.
A uniquely early hybrid: the ripening of small tuberous fruits begins as early as 45 days after sprouting.
Cucumbers without bitterness are ideal for fresh consumption
Othello F1 crispy cucumbers are distinguished by a pleasant taste (even over-ripe fruits remain sweetish), genetically devoid of bitterness. Fruits can maintain excellent taste and presentation for a long time. Resistant to powdery mildew, cucumber mosaic virus, downy mildew and cladosporia. The hybrid is cultivated not only in the open field, but also in greenhouses, as well as with the use of temporary film shelters.
Medium early hybrid. Used for growing under temporary film shelters and also in open ground. Variety is prone to parthenocarpy, sufficiently resistant to viruses of cucumber mosaic, root rot, pathogens of powdery mildew (real) and cladosporia. The graceful fruits are also devoid of bitterness and differ in excellent taste, ripening as early as 50-55 days after germination.
A rather early and high-yielding hybrid, resistant to stressful conditions and various diseases. Distinctive feminine type of flowering, so good fruit. Cucumbers with large bumps are great for salting.
Early ripe hybrid. Due to the predominantly female type of flowering has high yields. Equally superstable to stressful conditions and diseases. Recommended for cultivation in tunnels and open ground. Fruits - dense pimply cucumbers are characterized by high pickling qualities: they lack bitterness, with small seed chambers. Many growers consider it the best hybrid for canning.
Dense bumpy cucumbers are good for pickles
In addition to the above, are good for growing in open ground and such varieties of cucumbers, such as:
- 'Paris gherkin',
- 'Moscow gherkin'.
Hybrids of cucumbers for protected ground
To make it easier to choose hybrids by quality, we divided them into two groups.
Hybrids of cucumbers for protected ground
In the first place bee-pollinated: to obtain the fruit will require pollination by insects.
Yield fast-ripening hybrid of the gherkin type. Cylindrical fruits are dark green, spinous, absolutely devoid of bitterness, reach a length of 5-10 cm.
Bee pollinated hybrids need pollinating insects
'Octopus F1' is resistant to bacteriosis, cladosporia and is relatively resistant to root rot and downy mildew.
Mid-season hybrid. The length of the main whip is about 3 m, with medium branching. Fruits are cylindrical, with a smooth base, slightly ugly, without bitterness. In one bundle, 3-4 fruits are simultaneously formed, the mass of the greens reaches 100 g.
Early hybrid, partially parthenocarpic. Fruiting occurs already at 45-50 days after shoots appeared. The fruits are cylindrical, rarely tuberous, without bitterness, 13-25 cm long. Up to 25 kg of cucumbers are removed from 1 m².
Parthenocarpic hybrids have got into the second section, which set fruits without insects.
Early: fruiting occurs already at 43-55 days after mass shoots. Cereals are large-celled, cylindrical in shape, 20-22 cm long, weighing 150-190 g. Excellent taste (without bitterness), suitable for both fresh use and canning. It is characterized by complex resistance to ascochytosis, powdery mildew, brown spot and peronospora.
Self-pollinating early super-productive hybrid. With the right agrotechnology with 1 m², you can get over 25 kg of gherkins of excellent quality: the fruits are not bitter, they are stored for a long time.
Partenocarpic hybrids do not need to be pollinated by insects.
It is characterized by a long period of fruiting, in addition, it is resistant to diseases, and also tolerates stressful conditions quite easily. Gives the most stable yields under film. It can grow well not only in the open field, but also on the balcony or window sill.
Recently bred early self-pollinating hybrid. It differs mainly in female type of flowering, that is, it gives a lot of cucumbers: the fruits are finely foamed, with elastic flesh. Resistant to 'Patti F1' and to various diseases.
Variety of cucumbers "Aquarius" is an early maturing, bee pollinating and high-yielding. Designed for open ground, but can be grown in greenhouses. Suitable for planting seedlings and seeds. Cucumber plant of this variety is as follows:
- The bush is average, with 2-4 lashes of the first order.
- Main lashes reach a length of 60-100 cm.
- Leaves are green, pentagonal, mid-dissected, with non-reaching lobes at the base.
- Type of flowering - mixed.
- The ovaries are solitary, oval, strongly ugly, with dense pubescence of white and brown color.
- early maturity
- high yielding
- friendly fruit formation,
- fruits without bitterness even during the dry period,
- the shape and length of cucumbers are optimal for preservation,
- cucumbers with excellent taste, suitable for use fresh and for pickling,
- good resistance to certain diseases and pests
- high marketability of fruits.
Let's name some possible disadvantages of the variety:
- culture does not like the lack of light,
- heat-loving variety, does not tolerate low positive temperatures,
- pollination depends on the presence of insects,
- the seeds will not yield, because the hybrid variety,
- demanding of soil composition.
Fruit characteristics and yield
Features of the fruits of this hybrid:
- Cucumbers are early ripe, from 12 to 14 centimeters in length, 4-4.5 cm in diameter.
- The surface is tuberculate, smooth at the base.
- Technical maturity occurs on the 45-50th day from the moment the sprouts appear.
- Cucumbers are not bitter, fragrant, sweet and juicy.
- Fruits are green, do not turn yellow.
- The weight of each fruit is from 100 to 120 grams.
- Good yield - 2.5-3.0 kg per 1 square. m
Selection of seedlings
The choice of cucumber seedlings should be approached very carefully, because further harvest will depend on this. Therefore, acquiring seedlings, it is important to pay attention to the following points:
- Sold seedlings should be in separate containers, from which you can easily move them to a permanent habitat in the open field.
- Best for the acquisition of suitable seedlings of monthly age.
- Allowable plant height - 20-30 cm.
- The distance from the root collar to the cotyledons is no more than 5 cm.
- The barrel should be strong enough, not thinned, about 1 cm thick.
- Number of leaves - 5-6 pcs.
- The leaves and stem are dark green.
- The root should occupy the entire capacity.
- Earthy lump should not exude a rotten smell.
Soil and fertilizer
For cucumbers suitable fertile, loose, breathable soil, with optimum acidity pH 6.5:
- light or medium loam,
Soils not suitable for planting cucumbers:
- others, heavy in composition and infertile.
Acceptable precursors can have a good effect on the growth of cucumber culture:
- early potatoes
- early white cabbage
- peas (green peas),
- green crops
- cereals - corn, buckwheat, oats, alfalfa.
- late beet,
- late cabbage
Even if the soil in its composition is ideal for the cultivation of cucumbers, before planting seedlings it still needs to be prepared:
- Introduce 10-15 kilograms of cow manure per square meter.
- Fertilizer mixture application will also be useful: 20 g of potassium sulfate + 20 g of urea + 30 g of superphosphate.
- If the soil on your site is more acidic than acceptable, then the situation can be saved by liming, which is carried out under the green manure (cabbage, green herbs).
As mentioned above, this variety of cucumbers is demanding of some growing conditions:
- Temperature. Seedlings can be planted on the bed from the end of May, when the threat of frost has passed, with a constant soil temperature above +13 degrees and air - above +15. At lower mercury levels, cucumbers will stop growing and start to hurt. For further normal growth and fruiting the most suitable temperature is from +20 to +25 degrees.
- Shine. The plants of this variety are light-requiring, therefore they need open areas with sufficient intake of sunlight.
- Humidity. A sufficient amount of moisture is one of the main conditions for growing this crop. In hot weather, cucumbers need abundant evening evening watering with warm water. At moderate temperatures, they can be watered 1 time in 5 days.
- Top dressing. During the whole growing season, plants need two or three timely feeding with complex water-soluble mineral fertilizer.
- Garter. In order to whip cucumber plants are not tangled with each other, as well as to save space on the site of the plant it is better to tie up to the trellis, sending the main stem horizontally.
- Further care Immediately after planting, the seedlings need to be covered with a film. Further, during the growing season, it is necessary to weed cucumbers and loosen the ground under them.
Usually, seeds collected personally should be disinfected in a solution of potassium permanganate. But the planting material purchased in the store does not need this procedure, since the manufacturer let it go on sale already prepared. This also applies to the hybrid variety "Aquarius". But these seeds must be pre-sowed preparation, because it can accelerate seed germination, increase their resistance to adverse conditions and increase yields.
It consists of the following three options, to choose from:
- Soak. Seeds need to be wrapped in a linen or cotton piece of cloth and placed in room temperature water for sticking. Water should only slightly cover the seeds so that air can reach them.
- Hardening Wet cloth with seeds should be placed in the refrigerator for 48 hours at a temperature of from 0 to +2 degrees. It is important to remember that germinated seeds should not be placed in the refrigerator. Also all this time, the cloth with seeds should be wet. After the allotted time, the seeds should be sown immediately. This process will increase the resistance of future plants to cold weather.
- Bubbling. To speed up germination and increase seed germination, they can be bubbled with an aquarium processor. To do this, it is placed in a jar of water, and then there is dipped the seeds in a gauze bag. The bubbling process should take up to 18 hours, after which the seeds should be sown immediately in a container or in the ground.
Content and location
After seed preparation, one of the methods described above needs to decide in which containers you can sow the seeds for seedlings and where to keep them until the seedlings are planted in open ground. To do this, you can use plastic or peat cups, which are placed on well-lit window sills or heated balconies and verandas.
Seed planting process
The technology of planting cucumber seeds at home:
- Capacities for planting seeds are filled with a soil mixture consisting of garden soil, sand and peat (all in equal parts).
- In each cup to a depth of 1.5-2 centimeters, 1 or 2 seeds are buried and watered with warm water.
- Put cups on a warm window-sill on the south or south-east side, or placed on the balcony.
- The deadline for sowing seeds in cups: the second half of April - the first half of May.
If you ensure the proper care of the cucumber sprouts, you can grow full-fledged seedlings, which in the future will be able to settle down on the garden without any problems. Here are some guidelines for the care of seedlings:
- It is desirable to provide future seedlings with additional lighting. To do this, you need to place fluorescent lamps near the cups so that the seedlings are illuminated with additional light for 10-12 hours a day.
- It is necessary to water the seedlings daily with warm separated water.
- The temperature of the content of seedlings: at night - within +18. +22 degrees, in the afternoon - +22. +26 degrees.
- It is important to avoid drafts in the room where the seedlings are kept.
- Before planting seedlings on the beds, it needs to be hardened every day for 30 minutes in the open air at a temperature of +22 degrees. The place must be attached. Gradually, the residence time of the seedlings on the street can be increased.
- If you correctly follow all the steps listed, then 1 month after planting the seeds you will have full-fledged, strong seedlings of cucumbers with four or five leaves.
Transplanting seedlings to ground
Transfer of seedlings from cups to a garden bed is best done in the second half of May, when warm weather is already fully established, not only during the day, but also at night. Next - step-by-step landing scheme and its process:
- In prepared soil, make the holes 15 cm deep and the distance between each 50-60 cm.
- Carefully remove the plants from the cups and deepen in the wells, then cover with earth and pour with warm water.
- To tie the seedlings to the supports with the help of twine.
- Cover with foil.
Land for planting cucumber seeds should be taken to a well-warmed and sunlit place. If there is no such place, then to protect future cucumber bushes from wind or drafts, you can use "backstage" of tall cold-resistant crops, such as early potatoes or flowers, previously sown in early spring next to a bed of cucumbers.
In the open ground:
- Seeds can be any early, bee-pollinated varieties.
- For seeds planted outdoors, the constant temperature of the soil should be at least 15-18 degrees Celsius.
- Due to the threat of morning frost, sheltering is required.
- Soil can be prepared both in the fall, and just before sowing seeds.
- Later ripening fruit than in the greenhouse.
- Seeds come from parthenocarpic (without pollination) or self-pollinating cucumber varieties.
- Seeds are sown one month earlier than in open ground, and they are not afraid of low positive temperatures.
- Beds for sowing seeds need to cook more in the fall.
- Ripening cucumbers will occur much earlier.
Soil loosening and weeding
The first time you need to break through the soil immediately after the seedlings emerge, and then do it every ten days. Cucumber roots are located very close to the soil surface, so loosening should be done carefully so as not to hook the roots. To do this, you can use the forks, drawing straight lines, without scrolling, between the beds with cucumbers, or pierce the soil with them in several places.
Also fit a special rake with small and frequent teeth. Usually, loosening of cucumbers is needed the next day after rains or watering, when the earth dries up and is taken with a crust. Weeding can be combined with loosening. Loosening can also be replaced by mulching.
In order to ensure normal development, to stimulate the growth of the central shoot and to improve the fruiting, it is necessary to stew cucumber plants. To do this, remove all lateral processes (stepchildren), formed in the nodes of the shoots, while leaving the resulting ovary. This procedure can be carried out only when the stepsons reach a size of 3-6 cm. This is done very carefully, without damaging the tender shoots and flowers. It is best to use scissors for this.
Pasying is necessary until mid-July. After that, you need to leave two appendages at the very bottom of the plant, so that at the end of the fruiting, new stalks may appear on the existing root on the old stem. This method will help to prolong the fruiting of a single bush.
Tie cucumbers necessary for the proper development of the bush, because:
- Tied bushes have long rods, on which there are more flowers and a greater number of cucumbers are formed.
- With the defeat of a fungus or a virus, the bush throws healthy lashes upward, which prevents diseases from spreading.
- Tied cucumber bushes take up less space on the garden bed.
- Convenient to harvest.
Here are the main ones:
- Horizontal Stretched in several horizontal rows of twine between two pillars located along the edges of the beds. With this method, the plant stems are first tied to the bottom string, and then to the others, as the borage grows.
- Vertical. Between the two supports along the edges of the bed, the string or string is stretched, to which the length of the string is tied over the entire length and lowered to each cucumber bush. The lower end of the twine is tied around the base of the bush. In the process of growth, the vine will twist around the support and rise upwards.
- Special mesh. It replaces both types of garter, described above, and allows the vines to be placed freely in the cells. The grid can be placed on any support: triangular, rectangular, to stretch between two pillars.
The first feeding of cucumbers is carried out 21 days after the emergence of sprouts and then carried out once a week during the entire summer season. Top dressing consists of mineral and organic fertilizers. Here are a few options for such dressings (per 10-liter bucket of water):
- Dilute two capsules of "Energen" (growth stimulator). On 1 square. m consumes 3 liters of solution.
- To dissolve one tablespoon of the granules "Agricola №5 for cucumbers." Solution consumption - 4 liters per 1 square. m
- Two tablespoons of "Effecta-O". Consumes 4 liters per 1 square. m
- One tablespoon of nitrofoski + two tablespoons of Agricola Vegeta. Consumption - 5 liters per 1 square. m
- Two or three tablespoons of Agricola-Aqua for spraying. This drug is applied from yellowing leaves.
Pests, diseases and prevention
Variety of cucumbers "Aquarius" is considered resistant to the following diseases and viruses:
- fruit rot,
- olive and brown spots,
- downy mildew.
Harvesting and storage
Harvesting a variety of cucumber "Aquarius" begins after 35-45 days after the first shoots. Fruits from creepers should be picked carefully so as not to damage the stem of the plant. It is best to cut them with a knife or scissors, leaving the cutting. Regularity is the main rule of picking cucumbers, so fruits should be harvested every other day, preferably in the morning or in the evening. The size of the collected fruit depends on their purpose:
- Fresh cucumbers up to 12 centimeters are suitable for fresh salad.
- Fruits up to 10 centimeters are suitable for canning.
- For canned salads - up to 4 centimeters.
There are certain requirements for this:
- Fruits are not washed before storage.
- Acceptable storage temperature - from plus 6 to plus 8 degrees.
- Permissible humidity - 90 percent.
- Storage rooms - cellar or refrigerator.
- Storage containers - boxes or plastic bags.
- Shelf life - 10-14 days.