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Spring witch hazel is an amazing plant that adorns the garden at a time when the rest of its inhabitants are resting. That is, its very unusual and decorative flowers appear in early spring or even in winter, during the period of frost. How to grow shrubs in your garden can be found in the article.

What is witch hazel

The most common witch hazel bushes are found on the American continent and in eastern Asia. Here they have long been successfully cultivated in gardens and parks. You can see it in some places of the Caucasus.

The people witch hazel is referred to as a magic nut, witch nut, witchcraft nut. All these nicknames were given to the shrub in connection with the outward resemblance to a nut (hazelnut) and very unusual for plants to bloom periods.

Witch hazel looks like this:

  1. The crown of the bush is very sprawling. It can reach a height of 5-6 m, a width of 5-5.5 m.
  2. Petals long (up to 10 mm), yellow. Some varieties of witch hazel color is different.
  3. Cups of flowers of dark red color.

Attention! The witch-hazel is allocated with one interesting property - petals of its flowers twist in cold weather.

Spring witch hazel blooms 5-7 years after planting. Buds on it can be seen in late April, when the leaves on the shrub have not yet dismissed. After 5 months (September-October), small green fruits appear.

Witch hazel grows very slowly (10-20 cm per year). With prolonged exposure to severe frosts in bushes growing in open ground, shoots can be damaged.

Varieties of spring witch hazel and shrub planting rules

There are 4 known plant species. Through the efforts of breeders obtained several varieties of spring varieties.

  • Sandra. Differs unconventional, purple leaves. And so only young copies are painted. In the future, the plate on top of the green.
  • Purpurea This variety inflorescence burgundy color.

  • Autumn Embers. The variety is endowed with faded petals.
  • Squib. The grade is allocated with yellow escapes and a green cup of a flower.
  • Lombarts Weeping. The flowers have an original shape.
  • Christmas Cheer. Buds on the shoots of shrubs appear before anyone else.

Planting witch hazel is not particularly difficult. The place planned for growing the plant can be both open and in light shading.

The most suitable soil for witch hazel is loam. This type of soil absorbs moisture well and keeps it for a long time. Limestone plant does not like. In such a soil it does not grow and can quickly die.

When planting be sure to equip a good drainage. For this, the bottom of the pit is covered with stones or expanded clay. Ensuring good water permeability will not allow the roots to rot.

Plant culture either in early spring or late in the fall. Do this as follows:

  1. They dig a hole, which should be several times larger than an earthen ball on a seedling.
  2. In the center of the fossa set the plant, straighten the root and fall asleep with a mixture of soil and humus.
  3. A little ram landing and well watered.

Council In order to fill the void between the roots of a seedling well, after watering it must be gently pulled up and gently shaken.

After planting, the near-root zone is covered with a thick layer of hay or leaves. This will not allow the plant to die in the winter.

Witch hazel care and exotic breeding

Witch hazel can not be called a capricious plant, but for the culture to feel good, some rules for care should be observed.

  • Watering is necessary when the soil dries around. During dry periods the shrub is severely depleted, therefore in the morning and in the evening it is advisable to irrigate the entire crown.
  • Periodically required to loosen the ground at the roots of witch hazel.
  • Pruning shrubs needed in case of strong thickening of the crown. Branches growing in the wrong direction are advised to cut into a ring already at two-year-old seedlings. In the spring should arrange sanitary pruning, while removing the frozen shoots.
  • Up to 5 years, the plant should provide shelter for the winter. For this, the ground around the trunk is covered with hay or a thick layer of compost. This procedure will protect the roots from freezing.

Due to slow growth, the first buds can form on the plant after 5 or even 10 years. Only then can a bush truly demonstrate its beauty.

How to breed witch hazel

The shrub is propagated by seeds and cuttings. Hybrid forms do not lose their properties only when using the second option.

Cutting occurs as follows:

  • In the middle of summer cuttings are harvested. For this fit the tops of the shoots with 3-4 internodes.
  • For several hours, the material is immersed in a root formation stimulator.

  • At an angle of 45 °, the cuttings are inserted into a loose and nutritious substrate.
  • Moistened with a spray bottle.
  • Cover with a film and arrange in a warm, but not hot, shade place.
  • After 4-6 weeks, roots appear.

Witch hazel seeds are harvested in September-November and immediately begin sowing. Boxes with crops arrange for a cold wintering in a room where the temperature does not fall below + 2 ° C.
Seed germination can be expected only in the second year in early spring. Shoots are very gentle and require special care. During the year, seedlings rise to 20 cm, no more.

Spring witch hazel can be called a valuable plant. It is used in medicine and cosmetology. Having planted this exotics on the plot, the amateurs acquire not only a beautiful shrub, but also the opportunity to improve their health and improve their appearance.

GAMAMELIS: SUMMER LANDING

In general, witch hazel grows best in the middle zone of the country, but if in the southern latitudes to create good conditions for it (sufficient moisture), then there it will take root.

For planting witch hazel is suitable light, well-drained, without stagnant soil. Be sure to make a month before planting the usual compost. Consider that the plant is light-requiring.

Plant witch hazel better 8 early July.

Prepare a hole - its size should be greater than the volume of the root system of your seedling. Place the seedling vertically in a hole and fill it with a mixture of earth and compost, taken in equal parts. Before the onset of frost, the seedling will take root, but before the first wintering, cover it with a layer of hay.

HOW TO CARE FOR HAMAMELIS IN HOME CONDITIONS

Caring for witch hazel is simple.

In spring and autumn, fertilize the shrub with compost by adding it to the tree trunk. During dry periods, water with warm water. In early summer, lay a pillow of chopped bark under the bush so that the root system does not suffer from excessive heat and the soil retains moisture longer.

The fruits of the witch nut ripen the next year after flowering. As the fruit ripens, the boxes crack and scatter the seeds several meters around the plant. So self-seeding is possible. although they sprout pretty bad.

IN THE PRICE - LEAVES OF HAMAMELIS AND HIS COOR

As a medicinal raw materials used leaves and bark of the plant. The leaves are collected in the fall and dried, spreading a thin layer on the newspaper in the room. The bark is cut from the branches in the spring and dried in the sun or in the oven at 50 °.

Witch hazel has antibacterial, anti-inflammatory and astringent effects. It reduces pores on the skin, reduces inflammation, strengthens the vascular walls. That is why it is often used as a remedy for varicose veins, hemorrhoids and face creams. In addition, witch hazel heals wounds and burns on the skin, stops bleeding and eliminates intestinal upset. This plant is used to treat inflammation of the genitourinary system, kidney disease and joint inflammation.

A decoction of witch hazel leaves.

Take 10 g of crushed leaves and pour 200 ml of boiling water, boil for 5 minutes. and cool. Use as a lotion - it helps to improve the condition of the skin, well treats rashes, acne. If you moisten a cotton pad in this broth and put it on a bruise (it is advisable to do so 3 times a day, it will pass very quickly. You can also drink 50 ml of this broth 3 times a day for intestinal upset.

Broth witch hazel bark.

20 g of crushed witch hazel bark, pour 200 ml of boiling water and boil for 15 minutes. Then cool and strain. Use 50 ml in case of inflammatory diseases of the urogenital system, inflammations of the gastrointestinal tract, bleeding. Also, the decoction can be used as a means to rinse the throat and nose during illness.

For the treatment of varicose veins and hemorrhoids, pharmacy ointments with witch hazel help. But the bark of the plant, crushed into powder, is used as powder from burns on the skin and diaper rash in children.

What is the Hamamelis spring

The most common witch hazel bushes are found on the American continent and in eastern Asia. Here they have long been successfully cultivated in gardens and parks. You can see it in some places of the Caucasus.

The people witch hazel is referred to as a magic nut, witch nut, witchcraft nut. All these nicknames were given to the shrub in connection with the outward resemblance to a nut (hazelnut) and very unusual for plants to bloom periods.

Witch hazel looks like this:

  1. The crown of the bush is very sprawling. It can reach a height of 5-6 m, a width of 5-5.5 m.
  2. Petals long (up to 10 mm), yellow. Some varieties of witch hazel color is different.
  3. Cups of flowers of dark red color.

  • The general view of the witch hazel flower in the photo very much resembles a bunched fringe.
  • The leaves are oval, wide, rough to the touch. They are characterized by great similarity with the leaf plates of the nut.
  • The fruits of the bush are boxes with interesting “horns”. Their maturation occurs in six months or more.
  • Note!The witch-hazel is allocated with one interesting property - petals of its flowers twist in cold weather.

    Spring witch hazel blooms 5-7 years after planting. Buds on it can be seen in late April, when the leaves on the shrub have not yet dismissed. After 5 months (September-October), small green fruits appear.

    Witch hazel grows very slowly (10-20 cm per year). With prolonged exposure to severe frosts in bushes growing in open ground, shoots can be damaged.

    Spring witch hazel is a spring-flowering species

    Flowers in this type of plant appear in mid-April, while the leaves have not yet been revealed. The light yellow petals of the flower reach 1 cm in length, and look a little out of the cup of a dark red hue. After flowering, leaves of obovate or oval shape appear on the bush. In September, green fruit-boxes become noticeable. The plant begins to bloom and bear fruit at 5-7 years of age. The shrub perfectly transports both light and partial shade in a good place protected by tall trees. To soil conditions unpretentious. The witch hazel grows rather slowly, the annual growth of shoots is also small, rarely reaching 10-20 cm.

    General information

    The genus of this witch hazel is not diverse, it has only 4 varieties. North America is the birthplace of the first two species, and the remaining two appeared in East Asia. Cultivating witch hazel began in the twentieth century, and so far this shrub does not lose its popularity among gardeners who love bright and exotic plants with a mass of beneficial properties.

    The flowering time in the shrub can fall in the fall or spring. Here, everything will depend on the type of witch hazel. This exotic plant, depending on the weather, can change the color of foliage during the autumn period from yellow to reddish. In addition to its decorative, shrub rich tannins, essential oils and tannins. In Europe, it is almost universally used in homeopathy.

    If you want to decorate your site, planting witch hazel on it, then our tips on growing and caring for it will help you.

    Types and varieties

    Hamamelis virginsky - this type of plant was cultivated in 1736. Witch nut is a shrub that has a spherical crown and reaching a height of 3 meters. The plant has dark green leafy plates that look like hazel leaves. The flowering time of the shrubs falls on autumn. Inflorescences have a light purple or scarlet shade and pleasant aroma. Witch hazel blooms before the first frost.

    Witch hazel soft - China is the birthplace of the plant. It grows mainly in mountainous areas. This variety has a slow growth and is a shrub with a sprawling, luxurious crown. It possesses small leafy plates of an egg-shaped form, pubescent from the underside. Due to the pubescence, they feel velvet to the touch.

    With the onset of autumn, the dark green shade of the crown is replaced by red-orange. The flowering time is in early spring and lasts about 1.5 months. Inflorescences have a bright yellow color and a pleasant aroma. After the plant ottsvetet, the first leaves begin to appear.

    Witch hazel vernalis - USA is considered to be the birthplace of the plant. The shrub reaches 3 meters in height and has a luxurious crown with lush foliage. Flowering time in warm regions lasts from January to February, and in cold from April to May.

    Flowers have a bright yellow color with a red center. With the onset of autumn, the foliage acquires a red-yellow shade, which gives the shrub a special decorative effect.

    Witch hazel planting and care in the open field

    Plot for planting witch hazel is best to choose a light, warm, moist and protected from the north wind. It is important to ensure that no cold air accumulates on the site where the bush is planted. The plant will feel good next to a small pond or near the house or fence.

    You can plant witch nut in light shading of nuts and birch trees. The soil must be nutritious and have a good drainage layer. It is important to bear in mind that the plant does not tolerate drought, and with a prolonged absence of water, it may die. When planting witch hazel, care should be taken that there are no “neighbors” next to it that will limit its growth and development.

    Planting witch hazel should be planted in March. As soon as the ground warms up well, you can start rooting young bushes. For this purpose, it is necessary to dig a hole in such a size that it is much wider than the root system of the seedling. At the bottom of the pit you must put a layer of expanded clay or broken brick. When the drainage is laid, a thick layer of fertile garden soil and compost should be put on top. It will also be useful to add humus.

    After the mixture is placed on the ground in a hole, a seedling should be placed on top, straightened its roots and covered with earth, having rammed it well. Then shake the trunk so that all the voids between the roots are filled with earth and mulch the tree trunk with compost. Next spring mulching will need to be repeated.

    Forsythia is an ornamental plant that vaguely resembles witch hazel. Grown when planting and care in the open field without much hassle, if you follow the rules of agricultural engineering. All the necessary recommendations can be found in this article.

    Watering witch hazel

    Regular watering will depend on the weather. It is necessary to ensure that the land in the area of ​​the circle wheel does not dry out. The soil should be wet and loose. Dryness is allowed only in the upper layer of the earth. Watering the shrubs during droughts is very important.

    Long heat has a detrimental effect on the plant, leading to its depletion. In order to prevent this, in hot weather it is necessary to spray the crown of the tree every evening. Sprinkling can be carried out both in the morning and in the evening.

    Soil for witch hazel

    Soil for witch hazel should be fertile, so before planting it, the ground mixture should be prepared in advance. First of all, the plant needs to provide a good drainage layer, which is ideal for expanded clay. Then it is necessary to remove the upper fertile layer of the garden soil with a depth of about 2-3 bayonet spade and mix it with compost and humus.

    In the resulting land mixture can be planted young shrubs. Pristvolny circle must complace with compost so that it protects the ground from drying out and gives the tree useful substances.

    Witch hazel transplant

    Often it is impossible to replant the plant, due to the fact that the shrub has a very slow growth. It is necessary to move the plant to a well-lit, heated area without drafts and stagnant water. If the wrong place is chosen, the witch hazel may stop growing and bear fruit, and in the worst case, the bush will die.

    Ground for a witch nut should be loose and fertile. It is better to replant a shrub with a native lump of earth, carefully transferring it to a previously prepared pit. It takes about half a year for witch-hazel to take root in a new place and take root.

    Fertilizer for witch hazel

    In making the feeding witch nut needs spring. As a fertilizer, horn shavings and compost are used, which must be applied to the trunk circle.

    In the summer, you need to feed the plant phosphate fertilizers. With proper feeding, witch hazel will grow and bear fruit faster.

    Witch hazel bloom

    The flowering time of the witch nut depends on the variety. Некоторые растения цветут ранней весной до появления листьев, остальные же – осенью, радуя садоводов своими яркими цветами до первых морозов.

    Inflorescences may have different shades: from light yellow to bright mauve. Petals of flowers resemble twisted ribbons, which, depending on weather conditions, can twist or straighten.

    During the flowering of witch hazel garden area becomes not only bright and beautiful, but also filled with a delicate, pleasant aroma that the plant exudes.

    Witch hazel pruning

    Shrub rarely needs pruning. It is necessary only when it thickens strongly. In this case, you need to wait for the witch hazel to fade and thin it, pinching off the branches directed inside the crown.

    To give the plant a decorative form, the gardener is recommended to take two-year-old seedlings and carry out a circular cut of improperly growing shoots. Thanks to this, it will be possible to evenly distribute the branches of the bush in the future.

    Some believe that you do not need to trim the shrub. But it is not. If time does not remove the root growth, the plant will lose its decorative effect and become neglected and thickened.

    Witch hazel shelter for the winter

    In winter, a young plant up to the age of seven should be covered with fallen dry leaves or hay.

    Pristvolny circle mulched with a thick layer of compost in order to protect the root system from freezing.

    Reproduction of witch hazel cuttings

    It is possible to propagate an ornamental shrub by cutting or by using seeds. However, so that the plant does not lose its hybrid properties, it should be propagated only by cuttings.

    Cutting is carried out as follows:

    • Planting material harvested in the summer. For this purpose, use the tops of the branches with 4 internodes.
    • The resulting cuttings are placed in a solution of the root growth simulator for several hours.
    • Then take the cuttings and at an angle of 45 degrees insert them into the loose, nutritious earth by moisturizing it from a spray bottle.
    • Further, they are covered with a film and placed in a warm place with shading.
    • After six weeks, the roots appear.

    Witch hazel seed growing

    Seed material collected in the middle of autumn and immediately it is sown. Then a box with sown seeds is placed in a cool room with a temperature not lower than +2 degrees until spring.

    Seeds will begin to germinate only in the second year after planting. After the emergence of young shoots, it must be watered in time and maintain a favorable microclimate. During the year young plants grow no more than 20 centimeters.

    Hamamelis homeopathy indications

    On the basis of witch hazel, many homeopathic preparations are produced that have a wide range of indications for use. The most popular of these is tincture.

    It is made from the bark and leaves of the plant and is used for varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, external skin lesions, problems with the lungs, and also as an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory mouthwash.

    Witch hazel tincture is used strictly for the purpose of the specialist. The course of treatment and doses are selected individually depending on the existing disease.

    Alcohol-free and people with poor blood clotting must stop using tincture.

    Witch hazel is not only a plant with excellent decorative properties, but also a real home doctor, which will preserve the beauty and health of its owner. By planting this exotic bush on your plot and properly caring for it, you will get double the benefit, becoming the owner of the truly most amazing plant on the European continent.

    Content

    • 1. Description
    • 2. Growing
    • 3. Diseases and pests
    • 4. Reproduction
    • 5. First steps after purchase
    • 6. Secrets of success
    • 7. Possible difficulties

    Plants of the Hamamelis family grew on Earth long before our era. Only a few managed to win the battle with time and survive natural disasters. In the number of "lucky ones" came the Hamamelis family. True, in a very modest quantitative composition. If in the 20th century it consisted of 4–5 species, then in the current millennium, according to the classification system, only two, the soft and virgin, have the right to bear the generic name.

    Deciduous shrubs and trees with shallow root systems rarely grow to 5 meters in height. Spreading branches form a broad crown. Shoots covered with thick "felt." Numerous leaves are arranged alternately, sitting on short petioles. Leathery laminae have an ovoid shape, with a rounded tip and jagged edges. They are painted in dark green color. Before the leaves become yellow-red. Clearly visible longitudinal streaks.

    In the early spring or late autumn Witch hazel blooms. Flowers collected in bunches appear in the leaf axils. Long thin petals look like spider legs, painted in yellow, red, orange color. With a cold snap, they coagulate, with warming, they straighten again. Conventional stamens with purple anthers and modified (staminodes) protrude from the center. Bloom lasts from two weeks to a month. The plant is pollinated by insects, mainly flies.

    Fruits can be seen only in a year. That is, boxes resembling nuts with tiny horns, side by side with new flowers on the branches. This property and caused the name of the genus, translated from Greek, sounding like "along with the fruits." In the people the Witch hazel is often called a magic or witch nut. After ripening, the boxes open, and the seeds fly apart up to 15 meters from the parent plant.

    Witch hazel in the culture until infrequent. Growing a tree or a bush is a chance to acquire a plant wonder that preserves year-round decorativeness.

    Growing up

    Witch hazel can be grown as a tapeworm or as part of a group. It is very important to provide each plant with enough free space. Also required to choose a site protected from the winds.

    These representatives of the flora do not get along with their neighbors. They cannot withstand plants with a more powerful root system. The best companions for Witch hazel are bulbous.

    Plant reproduction is a rather complicated process. Seeds need annual stratification. Germination takes the same amount of time. Germination is about 10%, and seedlings bloom only for 7 years.

    It is also possible to cut green cuttings in spring. Segments after treatment with root stimulator are placed in the substrate with the addition of perlite. Cover with polyethylene, place in a well-lit place and provide lower heating. Periodically air and gently moisturize. After 2–2.5 months, carefully transfer them into a container with compost. A year later, landing in open ground is permissible.

    First steps after purchase

    It is recommended to purchase one-year-old seedlings with a closed root system. The older the plant, the more painful it suffers transportation and worse it takes.

    The dimensions of the landing pit should be twice the size of the earthy coma, it is also necessary to take care of the drainage layer and apply fertilizer to the depleted soil. Before planting, flattened roots should be straightened. When dredging it is important to leave the root collar just above the soil level.

    Planted plant plentifully watered. It is advisable to cover the near-stem circle with a 5–7-centimeter layer of mulch — rotted leaves or peat.

    Secrets of success

    Witch hazel grows well in partial shade and in lighted areas. In the second case, it is necessary to provide additional protection to the surface root system from direct sunlight.

    The plant needs constantly moistened, but not flooded soil. Moderate watering should be done regularly. It is recommended to mulch the stem.

    Witch hazel is fed in winter and spring. The use of organic fertilizers is desirable to refuse. Complex mineral fully meet the demands of the plant.

    Trimming is not included in the list of mandatory activities. As a rule, only damaged and weakened branches are removed. If the owner’s plans include forming a bush, then it is recommended to carry out the procedure immediately after flowering.

    Possible difficulties

    When growing witch hazel, it should be borne in mind that it grows very slowly. The plant reaches two meters in height no earlier than at 8–9 years of life.

    Witch hazel is resistant to pest attacks and is not susceptible to disease. However, exceeding the norms of watering or accumulation of liquid in the soil turns into rotting of the roots and death of the plant. These representatives of flora respond to a lack of moisture by twisting and wilting the foliage.

    Even the most seasoned Witch Hazel must be wrapped for winter at a young age. Frozen shoots of adult plants are recommended to be pruned.

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