In the last decade, new varieties of very tall lilies, called tree-lily, have appeared in garden stores. Since then, disputes about this plant have not subsided: some call it a myth, others recommend it as a new original hybrid variety. Let us try to understand what the lilies-trees are, planting and caring for which interest not only florists, but also all gardeners.
What does a tree look like?
Although many distrustful gardeners believe that a lily is still a flower, a tree with such a name exists and amazes with its size and beauty of flowers. With proper care, it can become taller than its owners (some specimens reach a height of 2.5 m). And its flowers have a large gamut and fireworks of shades, and some resemble the size and shape of children's panama girls. On one plant can be up to 20 flowers tubular shape, similar to a turban or cup.
Such a huge plant exudes a gentle and lasting aroma, which, combined with external beauty, gives it not only an exotic, but also an aristocratic look.
Trees such plants are called only conditionally for their high growth (up to 2.5 m), and in fact they are varieties of very large and tall flowers, bred not only by natural means, but also with the help of plant breeders growing with active gardeners on the plots.
Those varieties that are now sold in stores are lily-trees, varieties of which are of two types:
- species of lilies (or cardiocrinum), growing in nature in the wild,
- FROM hybrids, which are obtained by biologists by crossing tubular and eastern varieties of lilies.
These types of lilies are completely different in terms of growing conditions, requirements for soil and agricultural technology. They slowly multiply and bloom only 2-3 years after planting.
This plant in science is called cardiocrinum ("heart-shaped lily" - Greek), the name was given to it by the shape of the leaves. In the world there are only 4 species of such plants growing on Sakhalin Island, the Japanese Islands, in the Himalayas and in China.
Cardiocrinum is a bulbous plant (a white bulb in the shape of a cone), its stems are hollow inside, have a diameter of 5 cm near the ground.
The leaves, similar in shape to hearts, are with mesh venation, alternate, attached to the stalk by long petioles. Flowers, most often white or pale green, tubular, usually deflected horizontally or appear drooping, are arranged on short pedicels.
Cardiocrinum blooms only for 4-5 years after planting in very large flowers, after which the bulb dies off, forming little babies that are suitable for later reproduction.
On gardening plots in the open ground only 2 varieties of lily trees are grown: giant and Chinese. Lily-tree, the photo of which is presented in the article, is impressive even for experienced gardeners.
Cardiocrinum gigantic at home (in the Himalayas) grows on mountain slopes and has a height of up to 3 m. It usually blooms in August, the inflorescences have up to 20 large greenish flowers, each up to 15 cm long, emitting a very pleasant smell.
Chinese Cardiocrinum grows at home in the mountains near the rivers and in the forests of the Center and East of China. Plant height reaches 1.5 m with leaves located at the top of the stems. Flowers are only up to 5 pieces in size about 10 cm, pale green in color with small red spots on the top.
How to plant and care
Cardiocrinum prefers very warm fertile places, located a little in the shade (does not like direct sunlight). In order for such lilies-trees, planting and caring for which will require some experience from gardeners, it is necessary to carefully prepare the soil before planting: make drainage (the bulb can rot because of high humidity), add leafy ground. The optimal landing time is the beginning of autumn.
The hole is made large, 60 cm in size, by adding sand and soil. When planting, the tip of the bulb should peek out of the soil. The distance between adjacent bulbs is at least 1 m.
For the winter period, a special air shelter is constructed from the twigs, covering the whole plant. This shelter should not be removed in the spring immediately, but you need to wait until the spring frosts pass (for this time, sprinkle with snow). After opening the plant must be protected from the sun.
It is important that the tree develops correctly. Lilies do not require specific care, you need a few supplements with the help of complex mineral (in spring) and organic fertilizers (in summer). To reduce the acidity of the soil is recommended to make wood ash (the plant does not like acidic soil) or add bone meal.
Water cardiocrinum should be 1-2 times a week (in rainy weather less often). When watering, you can add growth promoters directly to the water. High stems need support so that the plant does not fall and is not broken by the wind or its weight. Every winter, lily tree should be pruned and sheltered from frost and cold.
For reproduction, the daughter buds should be separated from the dead and dried mother-bulbs in time (and better before their germination and the appearance of young roots). If the children in the beam are left to spend the winter in the ground, then they most often die from the cold.
Also, cardiocrinum can be propagated with the help of seeds, which are usually harvested in the spring before the beginning of the growing season, and then sown in the prepared soil.
OT hybrids - what is it?
Another breeding variety of giant lilies was created by scientists in Canada, who bred lily-trees - OT class hybrids. In scientific circles they were given the name Oriental X - tubular. These lilies make an indelible impression with their beauty and unusual.
The first offer for the sale of lily-trees appeared in Holland in the catalog of flowers, in which trees with a height of up to 2.5 m with an unimaginable number of flowers (50-60) were promised to customers. Since then, discussions of the reality of the existence of such plants occur regularly in scientific circles and in the open spaces of the worldwide network.
Then the question of the legitimacy of the name "trees" remained open. Already in 2009, one of the Canadian firms registered the Lily Tree trademark, and this name was assigned to them.
Another name given to such lilies by foreign breeders - Goliath - is due, of course, to their size. In recent years, these mighty beauties, with the help of experienced gardeners, began to be grown in the middle latitudes of Russia. However, to get flowers on such a miracle tree, you need to wait 2-3 years.
Over the past few years, many varieties of hybrid plants have been developed. Lily-tree, the photo of which you can see in the article, may have different degrees of frost resistance. Also different may be the height of the stem, flower color, duration of flowering, the requirements for care.
Lily-tree - varieties (photo and colors):
- Aventino (pink with a yellow star),
- Anastasia (pink-crimson with white border flowers, very tall stem)
- Big Brother (vanilla yellow flowers),
- Donato (hot pink),
- Carboner (dark cherry or red with a yellow middle),
- Corsini (pink with yellow-green middle),
- Gold Class (yellow-red with dots),
- Holland Beauty (raspberry with cream border),
- Honeymoon (honey yellow),
- Miss Patchwork (dark maroon with dabs of chocolate color in the middle and white border),
- Holland Beauty (raspberry with cream edging),
- Mr. Jobe (brown-maroon with a green asterisk in the middle and a cream stripe along the edge),
- Pionon Moon (cream with purple in the middle and yellow dust)
- Pret Vumen (white)
- Pearl Prince (burgundy-purple)
- Robin (crimson with white center),
- Zelmir (salmon) and many others.
The highest grades: Friso, Donato, Anastasia, Robin.
Very popular now are varieties such as Purple Prince, lily-tree, Pret Vumen, planting and caring for which require more attention than low varieties.
First of all, it is necessary to clarify that such hybrids do not reach their maximum growth and flowering before 3 years of age: in the first year such a lily grows by about 30 cm, in the second - by 50-60 cm, and only in the third its height reaches not less than 1.5 meters. All hybrid varieties bloom for 2-3 years.
The most popular variety now is the Preti Vumen lily-tree, in which the flowers (25 cm in diameter) have a soft creamy white shade with a slight pink tint; after flowering, the buds become completely white.
Such a lily is obtained by crossing oriental and tubular lilies. In the inflorescence usually has up to 30 flowers funnel-shaped or cupped, with a pleasant aroma. Flowers, as a rule, are directed upwards or slightly to the side, there are several shades of color: yellowish, pink, light orange and multicolor. Flowering time - the second half of summer.
The stem of such a lily tree is strong and durable, up to 180 cm high, and under very favorable conditions the plants can grow up to 2.5 m in 3 years. This variety has good winter hardiness and increased disease resistance.
Also very popular is such a variety as the lily-tree "Honeymoon", featuring a high winter hardiness (does not freeze out even during hard frosts down to -35ºС). The tree grows up to 2 meters and is capable of releasing more than 18 beautiful buds, which then bloom in an unusual moon-honey color (with a darker middle) with a rich aroma.
Lily-trees: planting and care
Such plants have some specific features of agrotechnics when landing in the ground, during the period of growth and flowering. Some varieties like sour soil, some - alkaline.
Consider as an example such a now popular hybrid variety as the Preti Vumen lily-tree, which is planted and cared for similarly to other plants of OT-hybrids.
For such a lily tree, the soil is needed slightly acidic, with a high content of fertilizers (but not fresh organic matter). This plant does not like the close location of groundwater, so the optimal place where a lily (tree) can be planted is planting on raised little beds, provided with good drainage. For drainage use crushed stone and river sand, poured in a layer up to 20 cm.
It is better to place the planting of lilies in slightly shaded places, for example, located under the canopy of fruit trees, giving a diffused shadow.
The time of growth and flowering of such lily trees is 4-5 years, because in the 5th year the bulb is depleted, which leads to a decrease in the growth of the peduncle, a decrease in the number of buds, possible diseases and even death of the tree.
Planting of bulbs is carried out either at the beginning of autumn, or in April-May. The soil is prepared in advance, when planting the bulbs under the bottom and around it pour sand, the planting depth is 15-20 cm from the roots to the surface. After that, the soil must be mulched.
Watering lilies should be done 1-2 times a week all summer, and especially during the flowering period. For these plants it is very important to do top dressing, especially when forming buds. The last dressing of the season should be carried out until mid-August with a predominance of potash fertilizers, which will help the bulb to recover faster after flowering.
And so, a cold autumn came, a lily (tree) planted in spring grew over the summer. “How do they winter?” - this question is most often asked by gardeners when preparing the plant for winter frosts. Although there are varieties with high resistance to cold, it is necessary to carry out the insulation of lily trees.
In late autumn, the trunk of the plant is cut, plantings are warmed using dry mulching and covered for the winter with a layer of 5-10 cm (for example, rotted compost or pine litter). This helps the remaining bulbs in the ground not to get sick and survive the winter frosts.
In the spring, such a shelter becomes mulch, which rescues from frost first, and then serves to maintain soil moisture. It is very important in the spring not to loosen the place of planting of the lily tree, because it gives a lot of shoots that can be broken.
Reproduction of lily trees
Garden lilies are usually propagated with the help of seeds, babies, cuttings and bulbs.
Liliaceans (for example, the lily-tree of Pret Vumen) are most often propagated with the help of bulbs, although the number and rate of their growth in hybrid varieties are small. The breeding process is rather laborious and slow, because the bulbs are very sensitive to moisture and can deteriorate in the autumn.
In addition, babies can be obtained only a few years later, when the plant begins to bloom in full force. The oldest tree (4-5 years old) forms a whole nest with bulbs suitable for planting.
Also, lily trees can be propagated with the help of seeds that are in boxes at the top of the stems (late autumn). Before the onset of cold weather, they are cut off (together with a part of the stem) and placed in a warm place for ripening. Sowing ripe seeds is best done immediately because of the high probability of losing their germination.
Lily pyramids exist?
Pyramids or spray lilies do not exist in nature, despite assurances from some private sellers or firms selling various flower varieties. The number of buds on such pyramids is advertised for more than 40 pieces, which is completely unrealistic.
The explanation for this may be the phenomenon of fasciation, when there is an accidental splicing of several stems at once for some reason:
- adverse conditions or failure during plant growth, when damage to the bulb or shoots is possible,
- bacterial infection, effects of pesticides or radiation,
- excessive use of bioregulators and growth stimulants or mineral fertilizers,
- mutations associated with changes in temperature or lighting and humidity.
In this case, the curvature or deformation of the shoots that become flatter is possible. There are some varieties of lilies (for example, Marlene) that are prone to fasciation.
Variety Marlene belongs to the species of Asian hybrid lilies, the advantage of which are winter hardiness, previously flowering, very strong spawn formation. The height of the stem - up to 1 m. The flowers are quite large, pink at the ends and white in the middle. The flowering period lasts up to 2 months. One of the unusual differences is that they absolutely have no smell.
Lilies varieties Marlene with the phenomenon of fascia peduncle can form from 40 to 100 flowers. But this phenomenon is completely spontaneous and is not regulated by man. This is also explained by the ability of plants to release several shoots from a single bulb, which can grow together under the influence of fasciation, forming a single thick peduncle.
Although the advertised bush and pyramidal species of lilies do not exist, it is the Marlene variety that is not issued for. This type of hybrid lily itself is worth separate words of admiration.
Lilies-trees in the design of the garden plot
Lilies-trees, planting and caring for which are very simple, suitable for decorating any garden plot. Many cultivated hybrid varieties have a wide variety of colors and are perfectly adapted to grow between fruit trees in the garden or around the house.
When creating flowerbeds with such tall plants, it is necessary to calculate in advance the possibility of planting other flower plants and arrange them between lilies (different types of asters, delphiniums, gladioli or chamomile will do).
On the edge of such a flower bed you can plant onion varieties of tulips, crocuses, daffodils and hyacinths. As a background, stunted species of marigolds, garden carnations, perennial iberis and others are planted.
As neighbors for lilies fit juniper, thuja, cypress or ferns. Using planting several varieties of lilies at once, you can pick them up at the time of flowering to ensure long alternate flowering of plants.
In our country, such a plant is engaged in so far a small number of gardeners. Many are either not familiar with these kinds of flowers, or do not trust sites that advertise a lily-tree. Reviews of those professionals who purchased lily trees, were able to grow them and wait for flowering (3 years of waiting - still a considerable time) indicate the extraordinary beauty of such flower trees and the originality of their size.
The lily tree: reality or myth
So does a tree really exist? Those who know all about daylilies will say no. On numerous pictures and among all descriptions there is information only about the variety of lilies. True, this lily gives high, on average, one and a half meters shoots topped with large flowers. Sometimes these shoots are so dense that they resemble the trunk of a young tree. But, nevertheless, the plant in its essence still remains a flower.
Чтобы примерно понимать, что такое лилейное дерево, приведем краткое описание растения. Это многолетнее луковичное растение с полыми стеблями, сердцевидными листьями, которые расположены на длинных черешках поочередно. Длиннотрубчатые, чалмовидные или кубковидные наклоненные цветки держатся на мощных цветоножках и достигают в диаметре 30 см. Появляются они в июле и держатся около месяца. Количество лилий на одном стебле может быть разное, но они неизменно выглядят очень эффектно.
Выбор участка под посадку
Growing a lily tree in the garden requires careful selection of a place to plant. This should be a sunny area, but not open to the sun and wind. Direct rays desiccate the plant, and winds can break tall stems. In addition, the plant does not tolerate drafts. If a lily tree is planted in the southern regions, for planting it is better to choose a place that is lit for 4-5 hours in the morning.
The lily tree loves moisture. Without it, good growth and lush flowering is not achieved. To do this, the lower outlet of the plant and the roots, it is desirable to cover. Usually, for this purpose, low-growing plants are planted, which with their leaves protect the lower part of the tree from direct sunlight and help retain moisture. In this case, an excess of moisture for the plant is also destructive. Therefore, for planting it is necessary to choose the area where the groundwater is not too close to the surface.
Proper planting of the lily tree bulbs
The lily tree as a whole is not very capricious, therefore planting, as well as caring for the plant, is relatively simple. You can focus on the rules of cultivation of lilies, but with a few nuances. First consider the question of how to plant a lily tree.For landing it is necessary to prepare the holes at 50 cm in depth and width. The distance between them must be at least a meter, otherwise the plants will argue for moisture, light, and will not be able to give all the power to develop. The bottom of the pits is filled with a drainage layer of about 20 cm. It can be broken bricks, crushed stone or sand. Top of them sprinkled with a mixture of earth and humus (or compost). The prepared wells are left for about 7 days to allow the earth to settle a little. Then you can plant the bulbs. In this case, the rules of planting onion crops do not apply. That is, it is not necessary to deepen the bulb by 2/3 of its height, simply sprinkle it with earth, so that at the beginning of the growing season the bulb protrudes slightly above the surface.
An interesting question is when to plant a lily tree in open ground. Do it in late September or early October, so that the bulb overwintered in the ground. At the first frost planting mulch needles or fallen leaves. If the winter is given out with little snow, it is advisable to put snow on future beds - this helps the plant to winter without unpleasant consequences. In the spring, the first rosettes of leaves should be protected from the dangerous spring sun and return frost.
Although the plant itself is very impressive, it looks great in combination with other flowers in the garden, especially with grassy perennials. Therefore, deciding what to plant with a lily tree in a flower bed, choose something from low-growing plants. They are planted in mixborders, along fences and as a hedge.
Features care for lily tree in the process of growingAs already mentioned, the plant does not require scrupulous care. It is enough to protect it from excess moisture, direct rays of the sun and ensure that the ground does not dry out. But due to its specificity, the lily tree puts forward some special requirements for care.
Garter to the supportThe plant grows high, and when buds form on it, its balance is disturbed.
The heavy top easily slopes downwards under strong gusts of wind, it can break or glance. Therefore, it is recommended to tie the plant to the support.
How to prepare for winter
How to care for a lily tree in winter depends on how old it is. If this is the first planting, the beds with bulbs are covered with a special cover, for example, plastic wrap.
The plant that has the stems should also be closed for the winter, but a little differently. Some gardeners leave stalks that have shed their leaves so that you can comfortably bind them and close the plant for a period of cold weather. Another easier to pre-cut the stems.
Reliable wintering ensures proper care of the lily tree during the growing season. It is especially important to monitor the proper level of soil moisture in the fall. If you follow the above rules, then already in the 2-3rd year, the lily tree will delight you with the first flowers that will be densely littered with a long stem.
Liliaceae tree: description, varietal variety
A lily tree can become a truly royal decoration of any site. This flower has received this name for the height of the stem from 1 to 2.5 m. In fact, of course, this is not a tree, but hybrid varieties of lilies, which breeders in Canada bred. The correct name is "Oriental X Tubular Lilies."
The lily tree or “Goliath”, with proper planting and maintenance, can form large inflorescences consisting of 30-40 flowers with a diameter of more than 10 cm. If you want to purchase such a tree, purchase bulbs in specialized stores. On the package should be written "Lily. OT-hybrid.
Market traders often resort to deception, give the usual lily for the tree, showing fake photos. There are several varieties of hybrid, which differ in stem height and flower color. The photo shows the most popular ones.
- When crossing tubular and oriental varieties of lilies, they received the Scheherazade variety, the distinctive feature of which is the variety of shades: red, orange, pink, yellow. With proper care, this hybrid can reach 170 cm in height.
- "Donato" has purple-red flowers, with a yellowish middle. Also reaches 2 m in height.
- The variety of "Black Beauty" is distinguished by a stalk-like flower. Cherry petals with a bright border.
Plant reproduction, planting and care
The main method of reproduction lily - bulbs. This is the easiest and most effective way. Multiply tree lilies seeds will not work, as it is a hybrid. You can separate the scales from the bulb and put in a box, then in open ground. But this should be done carefully so as not to damage the bulb. Hybrids are planted in the spring in the last decade of April or in the fall in early September to allow the plant to take root.
Lilies love moisture, so they must be watered often during the dry season. Weather conditions often bring surprises, and even in summer there is an excess of water, which leads to the rotting of the bulbs. Therefore, it is necessary to plant "Goliath":
- into drained soil
- on the dais.
Before planting, treat the bulb with a base solution, place pebbles on the bottom of the hole, cover with sand, then a small layer of soil. The depth of planting should be about 25 cm. For full growth and development it is necessary to keep a distance between bulbs of about 35-50 cm. To get a tree with a height of 2, 5 meters, you need to try and follow the rules of care:
- it is necessary to plant an onion in an open ground in well lit part of a site, if necessary pritenyat,
- ensure constant soil moisture
- at the end of flowering we reduce watering, by the beginning of autumn we stop,
- carefully loosen the soil around the seedlings,
- when the first leaves appear, treat the plant with Epin growth medium,
- feed the plants before the buds appear, then feed should be stopped,
- monitor the condition of the leaves and shoots, handle against pests and diseases.
If the bulb was planted in the fall, it is necessary to warm the landing site to prevent freezing.
Fertilizer types and dressing
The amount and frequency of fertilization depends on the type of soil. If in autumn the soil was prepared, a sufficient amount of fertilizer was added, the following feeding is carried out at the beginning of flower budding. If the soil is not fertile enough, fertilize before planting.
Attention! Do not make fresh manure and compost before planting. It is better to use mineral fertilizers.
For the entire growing season, mineral complex fertilizers are applied 3-4 times. When the first leaves appear, treat the lily tree with Épinay, this will protect the plant from diseases and give strength for growth.
Diseases of the lily tree, methods of control and prevention
Thanks to the work of breeders, hybrids are less susceptible to disease than ordinary lilies. However, watch carefully for your pets. Types of lily diseases:
- Botrytis is a common disease. A more common name is gray rot. The most vulnerable plants are rainy spring, when the soil is over-moistened. Detect the disease can be on brown spots on the leaves, which look like scalded with boiling water. Gray rot can destroy a plant in a few days. Spraying with Hom and Oxy drugs can stop the disease.
- When transplanting or loosening the soil can damage the bulb. A fungus settles on the damaged areas, which leads to the death of the plant. In this case, the escape can continue to grow and even bloom. This disease is called fusarium. Before planting, carefully inspect the bulb for damage, place for half an hour in a 2% solution of foundationol.
- If the bulbs are not properly stored, they can be affected by blue rot. Discover it just on a greenish tinge. For prophylaxis and if a blue rot is detected, pickle the onion in the foundationol solution, and pour the soil around the planting with a 0.4% solution of colloidal sulfur.
- Waterlogging of the soil, the introduction of a large amount of nitrogen fertilizers can lead to the defeat of bacterial rot. With this disease on the bulb are formed smelly spots. To determine the disease can be on brown spots on the leaves. The next stage is the yellowing and falling off of the leaves and buds. This disease is easier to prevent. To do this, disinfect the bulbs and storage sites, as well as the soil before planting. Treatment consists of spraying the plant with fungicides.
- A similar disease is root rot, but it does not affect the bulbs, but the roots. The treatment is the same as with bacterial rot. Symptoms can be identified by yellowing tips of the leaves.
- Prone to lilies and rust. It is easy to identify a diseased plant, brown spots appear on it. To be treated by spraying spraying Bordeaux liquid (1%) or fungicides. To prevent the transmission of the disease, the affected leaves and shoots are destroyed.
- The most dangerous diseases of lilies are viral:
- tobacco mosaic,
- cucumber mosaic,
- virus variegation.
These diseases can not be cured, so the affected plants are destroyed. Further reproduction of the diseased plant is undesirable, the disease can be transmitted to the next generations of the hybrid. Aphid is a carrier of viruses. The only method of control is aphid prevention.
Linea tree in landscape design and combination with other plants
From-lilies themselves are a decoration of the garden or the site. Large flowers stand out brightly against a green background. The lily tree can serve as a decorative fence if you plant them in a row. With their help, you can select functional areas on the site. The lilies planted in a row along the fence can become a practical solution, the more the issue of support for the shoots will be solved.
Lily cascade - another design decision. You can plant lilies according to their height, we get a cascade of flowers.
Next to hybrids you can plant peonies, then the flowerbed will delight with its flowering for a long time. The tree lily looks good in combination with phloxes, anemones, barberries. Lilies are planted in front of the trees. It is better to plant in the center on the bed of “Goliath”, then low-growing flowers along the circumference. The perfect combination of lily "Goliath" and hydrangea. You can select a long flower bed on the plot and plant OT-lilies of different varieties.
Properly planted lilia tree with good care will decorate the garden or the plot. The plant is little susceptible to diseases and pests. It is easy to grow it: timely watering and a few dressings - that's the whole care. But this “royal tree” will ennoble your garden, make it elegant and bright.
Description of the lily tree
By and large, this is a kind of unusually powerful, high lilies, which grow thickly in the upper part, forming the so-called crown.
Due to its impressive size, this flower is often called the Goliath. To avoid fraud on the part of the seller, the bulbs should be purchased only in specialized stores, and the inscription “OT-hybrid” must be present on the packaging.
That is how Canadian breeders called the fruit of their labors - Oriental X.
Under favorable conditions, the plant is able to reach a height of 2–2.5 m and form volumetric inflorescences of 20–30 large fragrant flowers with a diameter of up to 10 cm. The shape of the flower is tubular, resembling a goblet or a turban. Coloring - the most diverse. As seen in the photo, the flower looks unusually impressive.
Planting and caring for a lily tree
Since Goliath is a hybrid form, it is propagated only by the bulbs. Before planting, it is important to choose the right place for the flower - the site should be protected from wind and drafts, it should be warm up well, but without direct sunlight. Ensure that the groundwater does not rise close to the surface. Excess moisture will destroy the daylily.
Plant bulbs in spring, in late April - early May, or in the fall, in the first half of September.
Dig holes that are 15–20 cm deep, remembering to lay a drainage layer on the bottom: crushed stone or coarse sea sand. The thickness of the drainage layer - up to 20 cm. Sprinkle it with soil with the addition of compost, humus. It is advisable to prepare the wells a week before planting so that the soil settles.
The distance between the holes should be at least 30–40 cm. The bulbs should not be buried, it is enough to sprinkle with earth.
After planting, moisten and mulch the soil.
A prerequisite for lush flowering and active growth of Goliath is a high level of humidity. Water it once a week, at excessively hot weather - twice as often.
Fertilizing with mineral fertilizers is necessary only during the budding period. It is not recommended to fertilize the plant directly during flowering, this may lead to a reduction in flowering time.
Plant reproduction and planting
The main method of reproduction of lily trees - bulbs. It is the easiest. This is a hybrid, so the seeds of the plant does not multiply.
Plant landing algorithm:
- Carefully separate the bulb flakes,
- Drop in a special box
- Properly prepared soil. Must always be wet
- After - landing in open ground. It is important not to damage the bulb. The best landing period is the end of April and the first weeks of September. This time is enough for a lily tree to take root.
In the period of drought, you can just water the plant, that's enough. During rains, there is a possibility of overmoistening of the soil, as a result of which the bulbs may rot, which will affect the entire lily tree. To avoid this situation, you need to specially prepare the soil for the plant.
Grade "Goliath" should be planted in:
- Soil with good drainage to prevent stagnation of water inside the soil,
- On the hill, which contributes to the draining of excess water down, thereby saving the roots from waterlogging.
At exhibitions on floriculture, gardening can offer a variety of "unusual lilies." The photo shows interesting flowers that attract with their color, which is not typical of natural flowers. For example, blue, blue lilies. As an option, trees amaze with their huge growth. Beauty is so enchanting that I want to immediately buy everything. Do not hurry.
Often under the guise of "miracle plants" sell ordinary lily bulbs. Photos are simply created in Photoshop. Beginners buy 3-4 times more expensive than what you can buy for a penny. Be carefull.
Remember: lilies of blue, blue shades do not exist yet. But lily trees are already on sale.
Are there really trees among the lilies?
The question is interesting. There are no lily trees in nature. Some unscrupulous sellers are simply cashing in on the simplicity and gullibility of amateur gardeners. Showing beautiful photos with plants of impressive size, different color colors, they ask a lot of money for buying ordinary lily seeds. Then it turns out that there is no tree.
Honestly, there are just giant lilies, large sizes. These are not trees.
With proper and proper care, you will definitely get a result. The plant will be lush, with many flowers, even taller than a person. The best option is to grow such plants in a greenhouse, because the Russian climate is harsh for them.
The lily tree can be as decoration of the room of the house or the seasonal dacha. Plants can be planted in a row, thus creating a fence. Planting trees along the fence will create a durable, sturdy decorative ornament. A modern solution is a cascade of flowers. Line cascade looks amazing.
Interesting facts about Lily
Some unexpected facts about the lily family:
- Lily plants have medicinal properties. For example, they can be used for burns.
- Use for food,
- The bulbs are ground into flour, from which delicious tortillas are made.
- The starch derived from the bulbs is also popular in the application.
Still, the plant is appreciated for its majestic, aristocratic appearance, elegant aroma.
A lily tree, planted in the right place with all the conditions of planting, will surely become a decoration of the garden. Resistant to pests, it does not require complex care: watering and fertilizer.
Lily tree - garden decoration
На приусадебном участке есть много различных ярких и декоративных цветов, но глаз останавливается на прекрасной королеве и главной изюминке сада - на крупной лилии. Происхождение этого слова имеет греческие корни. Переводится оно дословно, как «кардио» – «сердце», а «крион» – «лилия», полное название получается - «сердцевидная лилия».
О том, что она растет в саду, можно догадаться по нежному, но довольно стойкому характерному запаху. Так может источать аромат только удивительно гармоничное и аристократичное лилейное дерево. Многие селекционеры, которые занимаются выведением новых сортов, хотят поразить наше воображение удивительными, новыми видами этого цветка.
For example, scientists have deduced a new type of these plants - hybrids that belong to the OT class. They received another name - lily tree. This new breeding variety was created in Canada, and in scientific circles it is called - “Orientali X - tubular lilies”. Why are they so interested gardeners and fans of this type of plant? Most likely, because the lily tree amazes with its decorative and unusual look.
This firework of colors and shades is very atypical for garden flowers, moreover, the plant never ceases to amaze with its size. For example, such a beauty on your site, if properly cared for, can grow into a host's growth or even more. There are cases when the lily tree reached a height of 2.5 meters. At the same time, the number of spectacular buds was numerous, and the flowers were the size of a children's panama and had the form: tubular, cup-shaped or talm-like.
This new class of OT-hybrids is called “Goliath” by foreign breeders. This name was determined because of the size of the foreign beauty, which begins to take root gradually in our latitudes. Of course, in order to grow these new varieties of lilies of wondrous beauty, you have to work hard, however, you should not be afraid of difficulties, experienced gardeners know that the most pleasant thing is the anticipation of a miracle and its reverent expectation.
New varieties of lilies from the class of Otbibrids with a clear use of instructions will reach the peak of flowering and their optimum growth only in the second, and maybe in the third year of your efforts. In this case, care for them is not very different from the traditional. To ensure the decorativeness of the flower and give it the opportunity to show all its beauty, we need properly selected and effective dressings and special planting conditions.
Remember, this is an unusual plant, because it has a tall peduncle and many flowers. In order for them to fully develop, it is necessary to plant intact bulbs in a sunny place to a depth of at least 25 centimeters.
Landing site pre-dig deep and provide the necessary drainage. Lilies are moisture-loving, but do not like ground and surface water in autumn and winter. If you decide to plant several bulbs, then the distance between them should be at least 1 meter.
Do not forget about weekly watering and growth stimulants. There are a lot of them, but give preference to analogues of "Epin." Consider that an adult plant with huge flowers will require serious support. That's so lily! Does the tree need to be covered for the winter? The answer is simple. The tree is cut, as usual, at the shelter of any plant for the winter. Only, in this case, it is necessary to make a dry weatherization of the plant, since this will save the bulbs from harmful microbes and at the same time from the coming cold weather.
Do you know that lilies have excellent medicinal properties and are used in food? This plant helps from burns, and grind flour from bulbs and bake flat cakes. Starch from the bulbs is popular because it is of the highest quality, but most of all this flower is interesting for its exquisite beauty and delicate aroma.
The lily tree: photo illusion or truth?
The lily tree: photo illusion or truth?
The photo, of course, was impressive - every owner of the site would like to purchase and grow this luxury in his house. However, the lack of information in reference books and flower catalogs about the lily tree confused.
I want to tell about the information that I managed to find out. As it turned out, lily trees in nature simply do not exist, and some pseudo-sellers are trying to deceive with beautiful photos of gullible amateur gardeners: agree that when you see a photo of a lily up to 2.5 meters high, and covered with many delicate flowers, few gardeners refuse to try her in the plot.
To be honest, the giant lilies do exist, but to call plants trees is completely wrong. However, one cannot believe that tall flowers, hybrids of the Martagon group, reaching h = 2.4 meters, are just a group of lilies, bred by man. And buyers are “led” to descriptions of the type “Lily-tree!”, And pay for bulbs 3-4 prices from the usual cost. But they will never see lignified shoots on their pets.
In fairness, I note that with good care, you will get a lush flowering plant with a high peduncle (taller than a man) and many beautiful flowers. The best option is to grow them in a greenhouse, as our climate is too harsh for eastern sissies. How to care for a huge “lily tree”: the bulb must be properly planted - in a sunny place, with sand added to the hole, deep - up to 20 cm. The opinion of florists-enthusiasts is effective in the treatment of growth stimulators and requires binding to a reliable support.
She concluded that it is more correct to buy OT-hybriles of lilies - there is more hope that quality flowers will grow, suitable for cutting as well, than to pay money for the photo illusion.
I propose to share flower growers with your opinion about the lily tree, the reader of the website of the EBT- Market.ru Margarita Golman.
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Myths and Reality
Tree lilies do not exist in nature. All lilies are herbaceous perennials with an aerial part dying off in winter, and the selection of lilies for huge sizes has not been done. There are varieties in favorable conditions capable of growing up to 1.5–2 m tall. But whether they will be so in the conditions of a particular garden is unknown. Every spring, the stem grows anew: it can be higher in one summer, lower in another. So a good result is not guaranteed, although it is possible!
Suitable varieties of tall lilies
I did not set myself the task of growing “lilies-trees”, but they grew up with me. In the photo next to the lily I stand, my height is 165 cm. It is easy to understand how tall the plant was. This lily grew out of a single bulb, and if you plant several bulbs after 40–50 cm in a circle, the effect may be greater. I reached such a height of lilies on the 3rd, 4th, and even 5th year after planting.
Tall and powerful, like a tree, grow some varieties of the group O-hybrids (or orientpeta). These are exactly varieties with names in English, and not unnamed bulbs. They are sold in garden centers and collectors, but not on the market.
OT-hybrids are descendants of Oriental (Oriental) and tubular (Trumpet) lilies. All of them are distinguished by their large size, thick, durable stem, good health and strong aroma. But most of the OT hybrids have a height of about 1.2–1.3 m. And only a few show a tendency to gigantism, sometimes growing to 1.5–2 m, even if the lower height is indicated in the catalog.
Here is a list of them (the height is given according to the International Lily Variety Register).
Anastasia. 1998 Light pink center with white wavy edges. Dark pink papillomas - outgrowths on the inner side of the “petals” (which in lilies are correctly called perianth segments). Height 120–190 cm. The only OT-hybrid with a flower color resembling a beautiful lily.
Black Beauty. 1957 The first OT-hybrid. Dark cherry red with a thin white edging on the edge and papillomas. The shape of the flower is straw-shaped. Height is 120–190 cm.
Conca d’Or. 2000. Yellow, lightening to the edges. The flower is very large, with papillomas. Height 110 cm. In my garden is clearly higher.
Donato.2004 Purple-purple with a white center. Height 140–205 cm. The highest lily in my garden!
Friso. 2008 The flower is large, fragrant, unusual for OT-hybrids color: the edges without the slightest yellowness, pure white, sometimes pink, and the throat is wine-red. The shape is close to tubular. Height is 130 cm. But my Friso is much taller!
Garden Affair. 2010. Flowers unusual for tubular-shaped OT hybrids, cream-white with orange throat and purple spraying on the outside. The color resembles a royal lily, but the flowers are much larger. Height 180 cm
Honeymoon. 2004 Light yellow, there are papillomas. Height is 100-120 cm.
Leslie Woodriff .1987 Flowers look down. Dark cherry with white border. Height 120–150 cm.
Maywood. 2006 Pink. Height 130–170 cm.
Montego Bay. 2010 Light yellow with a red dusting. Height 160 cm
On Stage. 2010. Pink and orange, iridescent color. Height 180 cm
Orania. 2001 Yellow-orange with a purple coating on the outside. Height 120 cm.
Pretty Woman. 2011 Color white, sometimes with pale pink edges. Noticeable papillomas. The gardens have already grown to 170 cm.
Purple Prince. 2007 Purple, the color is paler to the base of the lobes, central vein purple-red. There is a point. Height 145 cm
Red Dutch. 2001 Dark red with a yellow edging on the edge. Height 100–115 cm.
Robert Swanson. 2003 Burgundy with orange-yellow border. Dots are dark red. Height 110–140 cm.
Robina. 2004 Purple-dark pink, white throat. Height 110–150 cm. I grow 9 years old without a transplant. In 2010, the height reached 160 cm, then the bulb divided into two, and until the lilies were taller.
Rosselini. 2010 Salmon pink color. Height 180 cm
Scheherezade. 1998 Burgundy, the edges are yellow with a narrow white border. Height 100–190 (up to 240) cm.
Time Zone. 2008 Pink with white "star". The shape of the flower is close to tubular. My lilies of this variety are very young, but already noticeably stand out in growth. Height 100 cm
Yelloween. 2003 Yellow, throat light green. Points and papillomas are absent. Height 120 cm.