Black currant in Russia - traditionally one of the most beloved berries. There are many varieties of her breeders, so the gardener only needs to make the right choice. As a rule, they focus on taste, disease resistance, ability to adapt to the harsh climatic conditions, yield and size of berries. Those who are important to the last two points, most often choose the variety Yadrenaya.
Description of black currant varieties Yadrenaya
Yadrenaya Black Currant is a relatively recently bred variety obtained at the beginning of the XXI century in the Altai Territory by specialists from the M. A. Lisavenko Horticultural Research Institute of Siberia. Hybrid is the result of cross-pollination of black currant Dovinka, Bredtorp, Favorite of Altai. Only after appearing in the State Register, the variety rapidly began to gain popularity not only among domestic gardeners, but also among those living in the countries of the former USSR. Culture is zoned in the West Siberian and Volga-Vyatka regions.
Vigorous is a fairly compact bush, with a height and width of not more than 1.5 m. The growth rate of the shoots is average. Crohn's not thickened. In comparison with the berries that cover the shoots, the leaves are few. On each hand, 6–12 berries ripen, easily separating from the stem. The skin of a fully ripe currant is not damaged at all. On one branch of an adult bush at the same time about 600 berries ripen.
The leaves are medium in size, wrinkled and knobby. Streaks are greyish or brownish-pink. Because of the highly developed central veinlets, the leaves are slightly concave.
The culture shows high adaptive properties, retaining the ability to abundant fruiting even after the harsh Siberian winters, for which the frost is below -30 ºС is a completely ordinary phenomenon, and after long summer droughts. Fruits ripen in mid-July, fruiting is massive. From one bush 4-6 kg of berries turn out. If you wait another 3-5 days, Yadrennaya will become significantly sweeter. From the bush during this time, the berries do not fall off and do not overripe.
The variety is characterized by precocity. The first berries from the annual seedlings planted in the spring, can be removed as early as next summer. But a more realistic perspective is the harvest for 2–3 years after disembarkation.
The main advantage of Yadrynaya is the size of the berries of almost regular spherical shape, a bit similar to grapes. The weight of each berry is about 5–7 g, some “champions” - up to 9–9.5 g. The skin is thick, but not hard, slightly shiny in the sun. Many rather large seeds. Interestingly, the maximum size of the berries reach not in the warm southern regions, but in their homeland, in Siberia.
The taste is balanced, with a light acidity. Although gardeners who grow Yadrenaya about it, have diametrically opposed opinions - reviews vary from enthusiastic to sharply negative. The average taste score is 3.8–4 points out of 5. However, they, like yield, can be improved by planting on the site several different varieties. Cross-pollination has a positive effect on the quality of fruits, and on their quantity.
Sour, according to some, undesirable, due to the high, compared to most varieties of black currant, vitamin C content (about 1.5-2 times more than other varieties) - 95 mg per 100 g. significantly preserved after heat treatment.
There are some disadvantages:
- Low indicators of flatness and transportability, despite the rather dense skin. Berries must either be eaten quickly, or processed into winter preparations. However, long black currant is not stored in principle.
- Demanding care. Bushes Yadrёnoy need to constantly pay attention. Especially it concerns a cutting and top dressing.
- Short life of plants. After 7–10 years after planting, the Nucleus has to be completely uprooted and replaced with new seedlings.
Preparation for landing and disembarkation in soil
Gardeners planted blackcurrants of this variety both in the spring (up to the moment the leaf buds bloom) and in the fall (until mid-September). The landing time is not of critical importance, but the second option has more followers. Before the first frost the seedling will have time to adapt to the new habitat. In the spring, the culture immediately begins intensively to increase the green mass, there is no strength left to strengthen and develop the root system.
The best place for planting Yadrenia is where the ripening berries will be provided with heat and sunlight, but light partial shade is acceptable. Ideally, from the north, bushes should cover a building or other structure that protects them from sharp and cold drafts. In the shade and in the cold, yield and taste characteristics of berries are significantly reduced.
Groundwater level is important. If they approach the surface closer than 1–1.5 m, look for another area. When this is the only option, pour a hill not less than 50 cm high or provide good drainage, filling the bottom of the landing pit with river sand, small ceramic shards, brick chips. You need to create a layer at least 5-7 cm thick. Cold damp air, a plant that stagnates in spring, does not like thawed water either, so marshy lowlands are absolutely not suitable.
The soil is desirable light, breathable, in which moisture does not stand, but is retained. The best option is podzolic, sierozem, sandy loam.
Unlike most fruit and berry crops, the Nucleus prefers a slightly acidic soil. Inquire in advance about the acidity of the soil in the selected place, if necessary, neutralize it with the introduction of wood ash or dolomite flour (respectively 500 or 250 g / m²).
If there are several seedlings between the plants, it is necessary to leave a gap of 1.75–2 m, and between the rows of bushes - 2–2.5 m. So each plant will be able to sufficiently provide themselves with moisture and food from the soil. Too close "neighbors" are undesirable, they will take away from the currant it needs useful substances.
The best predecessors for Yadrëna are any vegetable or decorative flowering crops. Any other currant and gooseberry is undesirable. Pathogenic bacteria, fungal spores, eggs of pests accumulate in the ground. If possible, try to move the landing at least 0.75–1 m in any direction.
Landing pit preparation
Landing site weed and dig, while removing stones, rhizomes, and other debris. The depth of the pit - about half a meter, the width is the same. Dig it for a couple of weeks before the planned landing. The less fertile the soil in the chosen place, the deeper the pit is made and the more humus is added to it.
The upper 15–20 cm of fertile land is poured separately, adding to it 10–15 liters of rotted manure or humus, 90–100 g of superphosphate and 35 g of potassium nitrate. Another option is chemical fertilizers containing simultaneously potassium and phosphorus (ABA, Autumn, Nitrophoska). Uncured manure, fresh chicken manure, nitrogen-containing fertilizers do not make. The first two can simply burn weak roots, the latter stimulates the intensive formation of green mass, which in the fall prevents the seedling from preparing for winter normally. The plant has a negative attitude towards chlorine in any form, therefore, potassium chloride, for example, will not work as a fertilizer.
The earth mixed with fertilizers is poured to the bottom of the planting pit in the form of a knoll. Before planting it is covered with slate or some other waterproof material.
Landing on a permanent place
12–15 hours before planting, the roots of the seedling Jadrina are immersed in a weak solution of potassium permanganate in order to disinfect, or in a solution of potassium humate, Epin and Topaz preparations in order to stimulate their growth. When 2-3 hours are left before the procedure, they are dipped into fresh cow manure with the addition of powdered clay (the finished mass resembles thick sour cream in consistency) and dried in the sun.
Directly landing looks like this:
- The soil is well moistened.
- Sapling gently put on a mound of soil in the pit, straighten the roots so that they are not directed upwards.
- Gradually pour the remaining barren soil. When the earth reaches the upper edge of the planting hole, the root neck of the Jadruja should remain 4–7 cm below the soil level, and the seedling itself should be slightly tilted - this will stimulate the formation of new shoots. If you need a compact bush, keep it upright.
- All shoots available to the plant are cut to 2/3 of the length, leaving 3–4 leaf buds (7–8 cm).
- Currants watered with heated water (3-5 l per each seedling). After waiting for the liquid to go into the soil, the near-stem circle is covered with dry peat, hay, straw. Often used as mulch sawdust in this case is not suitable - they increase the acidity of the soil.
Currant Yadrenaya: variety description
The name of the variety was not chosen by chance. The currant bush itself is quite compact. In width reaches no more than 1.5 m. Shoots grow at an average speed. The leaves are not very many, so the berries fully ripen. On the brush is tied up to 12 pieces. After they ripen, the fruit is easily separated from the stem. As a rule, the peel of a ripe currant without any damage. The yield of an adult bush is approximately 600 berries from one branch.
The leaves of this variety have a rich green tint. Streaks may be slightly brown or grayish-pink. To the touch, they are hilly and wrinkled. As a rule, leaf size rarely exceeds average parameters.
Given that this variety was bred in the harsh Siberian conditions, it is fairly stable and has high adaptive properties. Easily tolerates long summer droughts. Fruit ripening is in the middle of July. Gardeners recommend after blackening wait about 5 days for the berry to become sweet. The peculiarity of this variety is that even overripe, the fruits do not crumble.
The first harvest bush gives a year after planting. However, it will not be numerous. Approximately in two or three years you can get the largest number of berries from a young currant bush Yadren.
Description of the variety will be incomplete if you do not tell about the size of the fruit. Sometimes they can reach 1-1.5 cm. The average weight of a fruit is 7 g, but there are also some berries that reach 9 g. In ripe currants, the skin glistens in the sun, has a dense texture.
Landing in the ground
Unpretentiousness different black currant varieties Yadrenaya. It grows well and bears fruit in any conditions. However, this does not mean that you should not pay attention to some of the nuances of planting and care. For a start, let's look at how young bushes are planted in the ground. Both spring and autumn periods are suitable for this. In the first case, disembarking is done before the first leaf buds appear. In autumn, the bush can be planted until mid-September. This period will be enough for him to adapt to the new environment. It is important to note that those bushes that were planted in spring begin to build up the green crown at an accelerated pace, so very often they lack the strength to develop the root system.
Those who decided to plant black currants of this variety, it is necessary to properly prepare the place where the bush will later emerge. First of all, the plot is free from weeds. After that, they dig it up and clean it from debris and roots of previous plants. The pit itself should be about 0.5 m deep. It is desirable to make the width the same.
The place where Yadrenaya currant will be planted is prepared in two weeks. Be sure to use fertilizer. Put it on the bottom of the pit, then covered with slate.
It is also necessary to prepare currant seedlings. To do this, they are soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate for a period of 12-15 hours. This will help protect the hive from certain diseases. You can also use drugs such as Topaz or Epin to stimulate growth.
Immediately two or three hours before planting the rhizomes, it is recommended to dip it in cow dung mixed with powdered clay. After which they must be dried in the sun.
- Moisturizing the soil.
- Lower the shrub into the hole and straighten the roots.
- Cover with earth, tilting a little seedling. This will stimulate the growth of new shoots. When planting, it is important to pay attention to the fact that the currant neck is about 5-7 cm below the soil level.
- To prune shoots, leaving no more than 4 buds per branch.
- Watering is carried out with warm water. For one bush, the optimal amount of fluid is 3-5 liters.
After water is absorbed, the soil around the bush sprinkled with straw, peat or hay. Sawdust for these purposes is prohibited, as they significantly increase the acidity of the soil.
Currant Yadrenaya rarely gives a lot of trouble to gardeners. If you compare it with other fruit crops, it is considered the most unpretentious. However, it is necessary to understand that simply plant a bush and sit waiting for the fruit does not work. Show care and attention will still be necessary.
First of all, you need to regularly weed the area near the bush. The fact is that a currant needs nutrients and moisture, which it absorbs intensively from the soil. It is not recommended to plant flowers, greens or other crops near Yadren.
To ensure that the area near the currant does not overgrow with weeds, it is necessary to replace the old layer of peat and straw with a new one in autumn and spring. It is important not to forget before laying it is good to loosen the soil to a depth of approximately 8 cm.
As the breeders say, Currant Yadrenaya perfectly tolerates a long period of drought. However, those who want to increase the yield and size of fruits are recommended to water the bushes regularly. This should be done before sunrise and after sunset with an interval of two to three days. The optimal amount of water under one bush - 10 liters.
Of course, the best nutrition for currants is rain. In regions with dry summer, it is recommended to make a groove at a distance of about 50-60 cm from the bush and pour water for irrigation into it.
It is important to prevent the currants from drying out during the period when fruit ripening occurs. It will also be useful to increase the yield regularly to water the bush from July to August. At this very moment, the formation of new flower buds takes place. If you do this, then the next season currant will give a lot of fruit. Some gardeners recommend spraying the leaves from underside at temperatures above +30 ° C.
The last time to water the currants is necessary in late September. Further, it will be quite enough rain in the form of rain.
How to fertilize?
If you properly prepare the site for planting, then currant Yadrenaya the first year will be able to do without feeding. It is recommended to apply fertilizer since the second year. It is necessary to do this for the season 3-4 times.
- In early spring, after the soil thaws, use ammonium sulfate granules or urea. After a few days you can water the bush with manure.
- The second feed is administered during the blooming of the buds. Use for this potassium sulfate and superphosphate.
- After the flowering period has passed, the currants are watered or sprayed with liquid mineral fertilizer.
- The last time do prikormku in early autumn. A humus mixed with potassium sulphate and superphosphate is laid out around the bush.
Learning to do pruning
Black currant varieties Yadrenaya will regularly bear fruit only if you do pruning. The first time it is necessary to hold immediately after transplanting the seedling into the ground. Subsequent are made in spring and autumn. All dried, broken and sore branches should be cut to the very root. Experienced gardeners recommend that they be immediately destroyed, and not stored on the site. The cut sites must be treated with a solution of copper sulfate concentrations up to 5% and covered with garden pitch.
During each regular pruning, you need to get rid of 15-20% green crowns. The optimal periods for this procedure are:
- before the first frost - in the winter,
- before bud break - in spring.
Conducting pruning can change the shape of the bush. To do this, all the unsuccessfully located branches are cut to the level with the ground. Gardeners do not recommend leaving them sticking out above the ground.
In the spring you need to inspect all the young shoots. Choose from about three of the strongest. The rest of the weak and deformed are cut off. For high yields on the bush should not be more than 20 branches.
Diseases and pests
Learn the best varieties of currants? Vigorous (see photo in the review) then by all means should get into the list of those that should be preferred. It is considered the most resistant culture for all sorts of diseases. It is immune to rust, powdery mildew, kidney mites. Unfortunately, there are such diseases that can lead to the death of the plant. Consider the most common ones.
Anthracnose and septoriosis
If brown spots appeared on the leaves, framed by a bright border, this may indicate such a disease as it is an anthracnose. The affected areas are rapidly increasing in size. В центре этих пятен образуются небольшие бугорки, в которых находятся споры. Со временем на листьях появляются дыры, а участок вокруг них высыхает.
Для того чтобы защитить смородину от этого заболевания, ранней весной необходимо опрыскать куст раствором бордоской жидкости, а в грунт залить разбавленный в воде «Нитрофен».
Также листья этого сорта смородины могут быть поражены белыми пятнами. Внешне они выглядят практически прозрачными. Это означает, что куст заражен септориозом. In the summer, any drugs that contain copper are used to combat this disease. The treatment of the fungus can be carried out no later than three weeks before harvest.
Currant Yadrenaya, photos that are in the article - the favorite plant of harmful insects. One of them is aphid. Two types can be distinguished: red-bull and gooseberry sprout. The latter feeds on the sap of the leaves. First, the youngest are affected. The leaf is strongly deformed, twisted. After a while it dries.
Krasnogallovaya aphid infects currant bushes with whole colonies. Their favorite place is the bottom of the sheet. Outwardly, it looks pretty tight with twisted edges inside. On top you can see the change in color to cherry or brown.
In order to prevent gardeners use the drug "Aktellik." You can spray the bush before the leaves appear and after picking the berries. In cases where there are a lot of aphids, it is necessary to use insecticides. Spraying is performed several times.
Planting black currant
Black currant bushes are planted in spring or autumn. In the spring, the process is carried out before the movement of the juice in the plant and bud break. In the autumn period, the culture is planted in the ground in September or October. The ideal time for planting currants is precisely autumn, because the plant, planted at this time of year, is actively growing in the spring.
Culture is considered unpretentious in terms of soil and a certain area in the garden. It will develop well in the sun, in the shade and on wet soils (they should not be swamped).
However, it is better to choose the best comfortable place for a bush to get more yield.
- Fertile land.
- Windproof location.
- A place with enough space, but it can be a bit dark.
- Allowed to land on the hill.
- Requires land with an acidity level of 6 - 6.5 pH.
- It is not recommended to choose too wet soils where groundwater flows close to the surface.
- You can plant a culture separately from other plants, and you can select a place between the rows.
How to choose seedlings?
When buying, pay attention to the root system. It should be strong and strong, with two or three main branches, the length of which reaches 25 centimeters.
There should be no dry and diseased roots with injuries. Quality seedlings have fresh bark without wrinkles. Pinch off some bark: if there is a green trunk under it, then the seedling is alive, and if the trunk is brown, you are offered a dead plant.
The preparatory work and the landing process itself include the following steps:
- Dig pits measuring 40 centimeters by 40 centimeters at a distance of about one meter from each other.
- Add to the pit a bucket of humus, 150 grams of superphosphate, 300 grams of wood ash and limestone.
- Mix all fertilizers with the earth and water.
- In the prepared hole lower the seedling, tilting it at an angle of forty-five degrees.
- Spread the roots.
- Pour the root system with an earthy mixture, making sure that all the voids are filled.
- Pile the ground above the pit.
- Plant water and mulch.
The awakening of the black currant from hibernation occurs very early, so the gardener must catch the time before the kidneys swell to get rid of the damaged and diseased branches, and also remove the kidneys injured by the kidney mite.
In the spring, in addition to sanitary pruning, pruning is performed, with which the bush is given the necessary shape. If hilling was carried out before winter, now you need to remove the soil from the tree circle.
Carefully dig up the soil and cover with mulch in a layer of 5 to 10 centimeters. As a mulch, you can use humus or manure, which unfolds around the plant with respect to the distance from the branches of the shrub to 20 centimeters. Germinating weeds are removed in a timely manner.
Black currant belongs to moisture-loving crops, so it must be regularly watered, especially in the case of a snowless winter and a dry spring without rain. After watering, it is convenient to immediately weed and loosen the soil. Loosening is carried out about two to three times a week, but the mulch soil can be loosened less often.
As the currant wakes up early, it threatens to return spring frosts. Gardeners protect the crop from sudden changes in temperature with polyethylene film.
The bush is of medium size, semi-sprawling, it can be successfully grown even in small areas
Yadrennaya - a variety of black currants of medium ripening period, by the middle of July the bushes are abundantly covered with berries. Adult bushes are mid-range, branched. Young shoots are green, straight, medium thickness, slightly pubescent. Adult branches woody, thick, dark brown.
Kernels - one of the most large-fruited varieties of black currant. Bred in the Research Institute of Horticulture of Siberia named after M. A. Lisavenko. Included in the State Register in 2000.
The leaves are dark green, five-lobed, of medium size, shiny, without pubescence, wrinkled, with deeply depressed veins. The color of the main veins is dirty pink. The base of the sheet with a shallow, open recess. The teeth are of medium length, folded.
The brushes are long, straight, of medium density, directed at right angles to the shoot. On the branch is usually more than 600 berries, which differ in very large size. Their diameter is up to 2 cm, weight is from 3 to 8 g (the size can reach the size of a five-ruble coin). The fruits are round, one-dimensional, black, slightly glossy, with a large number of large seeds. The skin is dense, fleshy. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour, refreshing.
The variety of black currant Yadrynaya is very popular because of the large size of the berries
It is distinguished from other varieties by its high winter hardiness, large-fruited, rich harvest.
The advantages and disadvantages of the nucleus
The advantages of the varieties of black currant Yadrennaya include:
- high winter hardiness
- resistance to diseases and pests
- high yield - up to 4 kg of berries from one bush,
- large berries,
There are disadvantages to the variety:
- short shelf life of berries,
- rapid aging of the bush.
Yadryonaya black currant variety is characterized by high winter hardiness and rich annual yield
Black currant Yadrynaya prefers moist soil. For planting it is advisable to choose a sunny or slightly shaded area, protected from the wind.
Planting currants is desirable to do closer to the fall, and even better - in mid-September. All landing work must be completed by October. The bush during this time will take root well, the earth will settle down firmly over the winter period and in spring the plant will grow.
Landing is also possible in the spring, but it should be started as early as possible. Planting is necessary before budding, as soon as the thawed ground allows.
Selection of seedlings
Seedlings in specialized stores and nurseries are sold in pots with a substrate and individual processes with a bare root system. Usually it is annual plants.
It is necessary to pay attention to the root system. It should be well developed, not dried or rotted, with no visible damage.
Currant seedlings should have a lot of fibrous roots (thin)
Proper planting currants
You can plant currants in the second half of April or in the period from the first decade of September to the beginning of October. The site must be selected with well-drained loamy soil and an average level of acidity.
Groundwater should be located at a distance of 1 m from the ground. The yield of currants depends on the light. The culture can withstand a slight shade, but it will negatively affect the fruiting.
Important! Currants love moisture, but wetlands are not suitable for them.
Step-by-step landing process
- Before planting inspect the root system of the seedling. If it has dried up areas, they are removed.
- The plant is placed in a pit, straighten the roots and fall asleep with soil. The root system in the process of planting is buried by 5–7 cm.
- Currants watered, pouring 10 liters of water under the seedling.
- At the final stage, the earth is compacted and covered with peat. Mulching helps retain moisture, prevents the development of weeds, and is also an additional fertilizer feed for currants.
- After planting, the first pruning of the bush is performed up to 15 cm above the ground level. This contributes to the rapid development of the root system and good branching.
Step by Step Currant Planting Process
- 2 weeks before planting, prepare the landing hole. They dig up the soil on the bayonet of a shovel, remove the weeds. The depth of the pit should be about half a meter and of such diameter that the root system of the plant can be freely placed in it.
Before planting seedlings, the soil needs to be prepared: level, dig deep, apply fertilizer
Soil mulching is one of the important elements of black currant care.
In order for the plant to grow strong and healthy, not affected by diseases and pests, it is necessary to remove all the weeds in the tree trunks. During the beginning of the formation and ripening of berries, currants consume a lot of moisture, and weeds can pick up both nutrients and water, so it is very important to remove them in a timely manner.
If possible, the ground around the bush should be dug up, trying not to damage the root system. After digging the ground around the plant is mulched with peat, sawdust or humus. You can also use chopped grass as mulch.
Currants require a lot of water when the crop is ripe, so it needs frequent and abundant watering, especially in dry times. Weekly watering in the amount of 4–5 buckets of water would be the best option.
Important! For the active laying of new buds for future crops, autumn irrigation watering is needed - 70–80 liters per bush at the end of September.
It is necessary to feed blackcurrant Yadrenaya annually (starting from the second year after planting) during growth in spring and autumn.
In early spring, nitrogen fertilizers should be applied, for example, 40-50 g of urea. Starting at 4 years after planting, the amount of urea should be reduced to 25–40 g. Adult healthy bushes grow in width to 1.5–2 m. This area should be fertilized.
In the fall, under adult bushes it is necessary to add 2 buckets of humus or 100–120 g of superphosphate and 30–40 g of potassium chloride. Fertilizers can be scattered near the bushes or diluted in water and combined with irrigation.
In June - July, foliar supplements with microelements are useful for black currants. 5–10 g of potassium permanganate, 2–3 g of boric acid and 30–40 g of copper sulfate are taken to a bucket of water. Each preparation is dissolved separately, and then the solutions are mixed and sprayed with the composition of the bushes.
Once every 4 years the soil is lime, using 300–500 g of lime per 1 sq. Km. m
Black currant responds well to mulching with a mixture of peat and rotted manure. This not only provides fertilizing the plant, but also retains moisture, prevents the growth of weeds.
Formation of black currant bush
Currant Yadrenaya - sredneraskidisty plant, so pruning must be done annually, otherwise the upper branches will fall to the lower.
This procedure is best done in early spring or autumn. It is important to use the right tool - a well-sharpened pruner.
In the middle of the bush choose the oldest branches and cut them at the base. About 15% of the entire bush is pruned to this pruning. Also remove young, weak shoots. Usually when pruning cut no more than 20% of all shoots. The shrub should grow ungassed. In addition, you need to remove all damaged and diseased branches.
Important! After pruning, all cuts are treated with garden pitch or oil paint.
How to harvest and where to store the crop?
A warm, but not too hot, be sure to dry day is suitable for picking Yadryonaya. Wait until the morning dew dries. If it rained the day before, put the procedure aside - the berries are only good. For collection, use laid out or upholstered with soft material shallow baskets, bowls, trays. The deeper the capacity, the more likely it is to transfer the berries. For the same reason, it is not recommended to pour them.
If transportation is required, the berries are picked with whole brushes 4-5 days before they are fully ripe. Transport them in boxes or wicker baskets with a capacity of not more than 5 kg.
The capacity of the kernels, like any black currant, is no different, therefore, the collected berries should be eaten as soon as possible, processed into winter preparations or frozen. If there are different opinions about the taste of fresh fruits, then jams, compotes, jams are praised by all who have tried them.
In the refrigerator, in a special compartment for vegetables and fruits, berries, packed in airtight plastic bags or containers, lie for 20-25 days. The temperature of the currant should be reduced gradually - this will help avoid condensation in the container. A significant disadvantage of the method is that you are limited by the space in the refrigerator.
Dried berries take up much less space, but not everyone likes them. It is possible to dry both in a natural way, and in a special electric dryer, oven, microwave oven. The finished product is stored in a cool dry place in linen bags.
For a long time to keep currants without prejudice to its taste and benefits will help only freeze. Pre-berries must be sorted out, washed and dried well on napkins or cotton fabric. Prepack them in bags or containers in small portions. Re-freeze unused residues will not work.
Currant Yadrynoy grows 4 bush. I do not like the taste. But the size is good, probably about a centimeter in diameter.
About the Corey: I am very pleased with her! My favorite! The berries are very large, and great taste, not at all sour. I myself do not like the berry sour, and that is why the Corey completely suits me.
Variety Yadrenaya, quite a rather big berry. A husband, when he saw a bush, asked: "Is this a grape?"
The larger the berry, the worse the taste, in my opinion. Yes, large is good, but I want it to be delicious. Large skin has a thick, sour berry. And if someone tells me that Yadryonaya is tasty, he did not eat tasty currants. When the garden 28 varieties, it is possible to compare.
Our favorite variety Yadrenaya shows the best varietal qualities in Siberia. There it reaches the largest sizes and is recommended by experts for cultivation!
The best black currant - Yadrennaya. This summer I finished the test of this variety of black currant, which I was very pleased with. This is the largest of all existing varieties, which are now, berries the size of a five-ruble coin, all as one, and this despite the fact that this season was a strong drought. Variety refers to the late, the taste of the berries of ordinary black currant.
Do not regret that you do not have a nucleus. Not tasty. The skin is thick, sweet-sour (in the annotation), and in fact, sour-sour-sweet. And if there is no proper care, it easily slides down to the smallest detail. I refused from Yadryonaya completely.
Variety Yadrenaya already outlived itself. He became very amazed at the tick, the rate of settlement is 1-2 years.
Currant Yadrenaya - an excellent variety, which is not without significant flaws. It is suitable for gardeners who want to regularly harvest beautiful large berries. We will have to spend time and energy on caring for the bushes, combating diseases and pests, but this is more than enough to pay off with the abundance of fruiting, the versatility of using berries and the taste qualities of currants.
Watering and loosening
For full development currants need moist soil. During the season, the bush is watered 4 times:
- in late May or early June, when ovary formation occurs,
- during fruit ripening,
- after picking berries
- at the end of September to prepare the culture for the winter.
In the spring and summer, 40–50 l of water are consumed for currants. With water recharge irrigation, 70–80 l of liquid is poured under the bush. The procedure is carried out in the evening. In this case, the water during the night will be able to penetrate to the roots. If you water the bush in the morning or afternoon, the liquid will evaporate from the surface of the soil and will not have time to be absorbed.
Moisture culture can be using the grooves or stone receivers:
- In the first case, the ground is scooped up around the bush and a roller is formed with a height of 10–15 cm. Then step by step, as it is absorbed, water is fed into the furrow.
- The second method of irrigation is also effective, it is to build receivers. Near the root system of the bush they dig a hole 20 cm in diameter and 40 cm deep and fill it with broken bricks, pebbles or rubble. To prevent the earth from entering the receiver, a wooden or metal frame is installed on its edge, which should protrude 2 cm above the ground surface. To preserve moisture, the recess is covered with any material and removed only during irrigation. Вода, поступая в такой приёмник, проходит через камни и стенки ямы, после чего поступает к корням. Почва вокруг растения остаётся рыхлой, а также сохраняется целостность мульчи.
С весны и до наступления осени после каждого полива или осадков проводится рыхление почвы вокруг куста. Эта процедура не только облегчит доступ воздуха к корневой системе, но и поможет избавиться от вредителей.
Подкормка чёрной смородины
From the second year after planting under the currant begin to make feeding. The scheme is as follows:
- In early spring, immediately after thawing of the soil, the bush is fertilized with dry urea. For a young plant up to 4 years old, the rate is 40–50 g. Then the amount of fertilizer is reduced to 25 g.
- In September, currants are fed up by adding two buckets of humus or a mixture of 30 g of potassium chloride and 120 g of superphosphate to the ground.
- In June or July, spray the bush. To do this, prepare the composition of 10 liters of water, 2 g of boric acid, 10 g of manganese potassium and 30 g of copper sulphate. Each substance is recommended to be dissolved separately, and then mixed.
Pruning a bush and preparing for winter
Every year you need to prune currants. In spring, the procedure is performed before bud break, and in autumn - after the leaves fall. In the second year, 3–5 most powerful shoots are selected from the bush, the rest are removed. In July, the tops of young branches are shortened by 2 buds. This helps to increase the number of side shoots.
In autumn, the weakest and most poorly developed branches are removed from the middle of the currant, which can obscure the fruit-bearing branches. In the third and fourth years, 4–6 strongest null escapes are left. The branches formed last season are shortened to the level of 3-4 buds.
In the fifth and sixth year pruning is carried out in a similar pattern. On each branch, located on two-year, three-year and four-year branches, 2-4 buds are left. In last year's shoots tops removed. Of the branches of the current season 3-5 are left the most developed. In the autumn perform sanitary pruning.
All damaged areas need to smear garden pitch. It is prepared on the basis of unsalted fresh lard, wax and rosin. The components are combined in a ratio of 1: 1: 4. Paraffin is melted on the steam bath, then crushed rosin is poured. And when the mixture boils, add fat and 10-20 minutes removed from the heat. After that, the bar is cooled, kneaded to a uniform state and used for processing slices. The mixture is stored in a lockable container.
After water recharge irrigation, carried out in the autumn, the soil around the currant is dug up and covered with a layer of 10–15 cm in mulch. The shoots are gathered together and tied with a string with a string, moving from the base of the bush to its top. In winter, snow is thrown onto the plant.
The first crop of currants gives for 2 years after planting. The ripening time is the end of July. Fruits ripen unevenly, the collection must be made in several stages.
An adult plant bears fruit for about 5–6 years, then the number of berries decreases sharply.
With good care in compliance with all the rules of agro-technology, one adult black currant bush Yadrenaya can pick up to 4 kg of berries.
Productivity Yadrёnoy up to 4 pounds per bush
Fresh berries can be stored in the refrigerator for up to 4 days. For long-term storage, it is best to freeze them in the freezer:
- Currant bust, removing twigs and spoiled berries.
- Spread evenly on a tray or board for cutting vegetables.
- Clean for a day in the freezer.
- A day later, pour the frozen berries into plastic bags or containers, close them tightly and put them back into the freezer.
Important! It is necessary to touch the berries carefully, as they are tender and crumpled at the touch.
Black currant Kernel is great for canning. Jams and mousses are made from ripe berries, jam and compotes are made.
Dense, sweet-sour berries of Yadrenoy are suitable for making jam, marmalade, confiture, compotes and jelly
Growing large-fruited and high-yielding black currant Yadrynaya will not cause any particular difficulties even for a novice gardener. If you follow the rules of agricultural engineering and proper care, you can get a rich harvest of tasty, healthy and recyclable berries.