Mint is propagated by vegetative means. In the first half of autumn, cuttings are cut or they dig up a bush of mint with roots and a clod of earth. This lump should be cut with a knife so that 2-3 shoots with roots or buds remain in each lobe. Separated parts or cuttings should be planted in pots with a diameter of about 10 cm.
Drainage is placed at the bottom of the tank, and then the moistened mixture is poured from a part of garden soil or two parts of humus. Plant roots should be in the ground, and the above-ground part is cut at a height of 5 cm above the surface.
To speed up the process of leaf growth, the planted mint is placed as close as possible to the light.
Plants should be regularly watered with settled water at room temperature. It is desirable that she always was in the pan, because the mint prefers air humidity of about 80%. It is also useful to periodically spray the leaves.
When the mint is rooted, and the leaves begin to grow, you can spend one top dressing with a solution of urea (for 1 liter of water 1-2 g of urea). As a rule, feed the plant in late September. In winter, fertilizing is not carried out, they are renewed in February, when the sun appears.
How to grow lemon balm
The seedlings sow seeds of lemon balm to early March. To do this, in a container with the finished soil mixture (one part of peat, sod land and humus) in the grooves with a depth of 0.5 cm to lay dry seeds and shed with warm water. Before the emergence of seedlings, the soil should be sprayed every other day. Shoots appear after 8-10 days.
Seedlings should be planted in the period from April 25 to May 5. Sit plants 12 cm apart from each other. Watering lemon balm 3 times a week. When the plants reach a height of 20-25 cm, and buds appear, they should be pinched, preventing flowering. So the side branching will be increased, and during the summer period the greens can be cut 2-3 times.
When the plant reaches a height of 40-50 cm, it is cut off along with the stem, leaving 10 cm. Thus, the pomp of the lemon balm bush will be increased several times.
Melissa is not afraid of the cold, so you can leave it on the loggia or balcony until late autumn cold. Further cultivation continued on the windowsill. At the same time in each flower pot along with lumps of earth from the box is placed 1-2 plants. Plant nutrition is not needed. For this purpose, you can use for watering the sleeping tea and the infusion of egg shells.
Conditions for growing at home
Breeding lemon mint at home will allow year-round to have on hand a fresh, fragrant spice. Creating a comfortable environment will significantly reduce the care of the plant, the risks of cultivation in the open field. Culture does not tolerate drafts, sudden changes in temperature, strong wind. In the summer it can be taken out on the balcony, but it is necessary to protect it from direct sunlight and bad weather.
Cultivating lemon balm at home suggests:
- creating an optimal microclimate (humidity, temperature),
- soil preparation, good drainage, capacity,
- presowing treatment of seeds, rooting cuttings or dropping cuttings in the country,
- compliance with landing techniques
- ensuring proper care.
Culture likes light, so it should be placed on the south, southeast or southwest windowsills. From direct sunlight, it is desirable to shade, so there is no burns of foliage. Melissa grows in domestic breeding even in winter, so additional illumination about 4-6 hours with fluorescent or phytolamp at a height of 60 cm from it may be necessary.
With a lack of light, the plant will not die, but it will stop growth, the leaves will be small with a low content of essential oils, lighter in color.
Humidity and temperature
Seeds germinate at + 18-20 ° C, the optimum temperature for the next period of development is + 16-18 ° C, it can be raised to + 25 ° C. Humidity is desirable to maintain in the range of 55-65%. In summer, when cultivating at home, the bushes need to be sprayed 2 times a day with separated water from a spray bottle. To carry out watering moderate, not allowing the periods of a drought or remoistening. In winter, less moisture is required, but if Melissa is located near the heating system, you need to water as the land dries.
Requirements for soil and growing tanks
Lemon mint prefers light, well-drained, nutrient soils with neutral acidity. As a basis, you can use the loam, adding turf soil, sand and mineral fertilizers. A universal substrate for indoor plants from garden stores is also suitable for growing lemon balm in a pot. Before applying the garden land and river sand should be disinfected in an oven at + 75-80 ° C. In the quality of the drainage layer pour claydite, broken slate or crushed stone.
Capacity, you can choose any - container, box, long plastic or round pot. It is advisable not to use wooden packaging, since it is difficult to treat it from pathogenic microorganisms and it will not work for long-term cultivation. The main requirements are a minimum height of 15-20 cm and the presence of holes at the bottom. Before planting, wash the container, treat with a solution of potassium permanganate, dry. It is advisable to immediately plant in a large container to eliminate the need for picking and replanting.
Features of growing
Melissa on the windowsill can grow for many years, in the care of unpretentious. Home environment reduces the influence of negative factors. With sufficient nutritional value of the soil and proper care, the plant is not sick, protected from pests. Harvest can be the second year after planting. Before the start of flowering, the smell and taste are most pronounced, so it is recommended to break off the resulting inflorescences if the height of the lemon mint is higher than 20 cm. Pruning of the twigs will form a lush green bush.
In one container, it is permissible to arrange 2-3 seedlings in 1 row at a distance of 15-20 cm from each other.
Growing melissa at home for a long time will allow the implementation of a number of agrotechnical measures:
- sufficient watering
- loosening with the formation of a dense earth crust,
- maintaining an optimal microclimate,
- making feedings
- timely pruning of shoots.
Melissa at home is propagated by seed, cuttings or layering. The first method is the most difficult and long. Seed lemon mint is not distinguished by good germination, even at home. Preparation before sowing is soaking and disinfection. In one container, you can sow several kernels on the surface, then remove the weakest. Before the appearance of the first shoots, cover with film or glass, occasionally airing and removing condensate. Then remove the covering material, put the container in a cooler room.
Cutting is considered the easiest way to reproduce, especially when home breeding. A sprig of 8-10 cm in length can be cut from any adult bush or bought in a store, it is important that it has an internode. It is advisable to put in water or wet sand on the day of cutting. The roots will appear in 1.5-2 weeks. Rooted cuttings to plant in the prepared soil mixture, pour. The fact that the seedling has taken root will become noticeable by the formation of new leaves.
There is another way to plant a crop. For home cultivation of lemon balm in spring, young shoots of an adult plant, 10–15 cm long, should be bent to the ground, pinned with a sprig or crushed with a small stone, sprinkled with earth in this place. Do not forget to water, remove around the weeds. A year later, to separate the new bush from the queen plant, to plant at home.
The procedure is required as needed. Drying the soil will cause lethargy, stop plant growth, and waterlogging will lead to rotting of the root system. When grown at home in the latter case will help a good drainage layer, the excess liquid will not stagnate in the ground. Spraying lemon balm and air around from a dispenser with distilled water at room temperature will create the necessary humidity. This is required on hot days and in the heating season if the containers are located above the battery. Do not allow the leaves to be wet when they are exposed to direct sunlight, as this will cause burns.
It is possible to grow melissa on the windowsill only with regular watering, because excess liquid flows into the pan and evaporates, and the rains do not flow at home.
Fertilization in the soil for home cultivation of lemon mint is required 2 weeks after planting by the vegetative method or after the appearance of the first shoots in the seed method of reproduction. Subsequent procedures are carried out before the flowering period after each pruning.
For feeding use:
- folk remedies - eggshell, herbal infusions, tea leaves,
- complex mineral fertilizers - superphosphate, urea, ammonium sulfate, potassium salt.
Home cultivation of lemon balm is widespread due to the fact that the culture is unpretentious, it is well adapted to the new environment. Creating a favorable microclimate and compliance with the main agrotechnical measures contribute to obtaining fresh spicy greens all year round.
Melissa can be found in Europe, and in the North of America, and in Iran, as well as in Central Asia and in the CIS. This lemon grass chooses for itself a place of growth on forest edges, among bushes, on clearing and clearings, and also in mountains. It develops well on moist soils.
It adapts quickly enough to shady places, but in the lit areas more fragrant representatives of lemon balm grow.
People, having noticed its benefit, began to grow lemongrass as a medicine everywhere, including in our country, in the Krasnodar Territory and other areas. There are many options for using lemon balm as a natural healer. It is good as tinctures, decoctions, teas, which have a positive effect on the human body.
On the beneficial properties and contraindications of lemon balm lemon in more detail can be found in this article.
It is a pleasant warm summer evening in the country, with your family, to enjoy the birds singing, the sound of the wind, the fresh air and sips to drink a delicious herbal tea with an exquisite lemon scent. The combination of mint and lemon balm - the most popular for the preparation of tasty and healthy drink.
Melissa officinalis - height from 30 cm to one and a half meters, the stem is straight, branched, tetrahedral. The leaves have a petiole - the stem to which they are attached, oval in shape, at the edges with grooves.
The surface of the grass is covered with small hairs. Melissa flowers are tiny, on short pedicels, pale crimson, light magenta or white in color. They are located in the axils of the upper leaves of the plant.
Healing grass happy flowering from the second year in the second half of summer.
The fruit is very interesting shape - it consists of 4 oval nuts of light coffee color.
Melissa contains an essential oil that has a pleasant light lemon scent. The aroma has the greatest strength before flowering, and then the smell becomes much weaker and even becomes unpleasant. The homeland of lemon grass is the eastern Mediterranean. This wonderful grass was grown two thousand years ago in ancient Rome. It was from there that the plant got to the rest of Europe.
What does lemon balm look like and how is it different from mint?
People who monitor their health actively use healthy herbal teas. Especially popular are two fragrant herbs: lemon balm and mint, which are often grown in the garden plots.
The leaves of these herbs are similar, they are often confused, so you need to know the difference between mint and lemon balm. Let's look at these differences in the table.