General information

How to choose a philodendron for your home: the name and photo of the main types


When I first became acquainted with floriculture, I stubbornly confused the name of this plant, calling it rhododendron.

But then she learned that rhododendron is a spreading shrub that grows in a flower bed and is covered with lush flowers, and the philodendron is something like a hybrid of monstera and scandapsus, whether a vine, or a roomy bush with spreading leaves. And I loved this plant even earlier. And for good reason!

What is this plant and where is it brought from?

Philodendron (emphasis on the last "o") - the king of unpretentious flowerpots. Although it is hot in your apartment, or spartan cool in the winter months, the pot will happily turn green and not complain.

The plant is originally from the tropical forests of South America. Translated from the Greek, its name sounds like "loving trees." Still, after all, wild philodendrons live mostly on the trunks of large tropical giants.

The philodendron blooms like this. True, such "cobs" appear except in greenhouses. If you have been nursing philodendron at home for a long time, but it does not bloom, do not worry - you are not alone, this plant does not bloom in almost any home.

The most popular types of philodendron

Here you have where to roam - on sale more than a dozen species (and in the wild, their number generally “rolls over”, reaching 900!).

By the way, experienced flower growers are not afraid to plant several different types of philodendrons in one big pot. “Guys” get along well with each other, creating interesting decorative compositions.

Many species grow aerial roots, with which they cling to trees in the wild. In the apartment you should not cut them off - it is better to attach a support wrapped with palm fiber to them. So the branches will get more nutrition, which means they will be decorated with more healthy and bright leaves.

Sello (Zello, biconistinal)

The large leaves of this tree-like bush resemble a brush with fingers.

The plant loves light, can grow on the windowsill even under direct rays (although it is better still when the light is diffused).

Adult bushes grow cuttings on the side of the trunk - they can be separated for plant reproduction.

Another "woodsman", but its leaves are more like enlarged oak leaves. Sheet plates grow to 40 cm.

Not afraid of shade and prolonged drought.


It has amazing leaves - noticeable (about 20 cm), soft, with a pattern, resulting from deep-set veins and a different shade of the plate. Its name was due to the wart seta, located on the petioles.

It will not be able to live without high humidity, so in winter the plant is better “equipped” with an air humidifier.

Climbing (creeping, ivy-shaped)

Lianoid philodendron. Looking at the previous species, it is even hard to believe that they are relatives, because their leaves are completely different in size. The shape of the sheet plate creeping philodendron resemble a heart. Some species have a motley color plates.

Depending on the variety, the branches can grow both horizontally and vertically. The species can be used in the form of a “puffer” or ampelous plant.

He likes light soil.


Depending on the variety, such a plant may have a reddish stem, red young leaves (which later turn green), or a general shade close to red.

This species loves penumbra.


Liana with a very flexible stem that needs a base - for example, you can buy or make a special ladder. Just when they appear, the leaves resemble a heart, but when they grow, they become like in the photo.

The view loves moisture.

Another creeper, which is better equip support.

On the leaves there are whitish "droplets".

Golden black

The most noticeable view, as it has almost black leaves. And it is interesting that in a young plant they grow to 5 cm, and in a mature (especially wild) plant - up to 40 cm.

This, again, is a vine.

What kind of care does all this variety need?

  • Shine. His plant loves, but the rays should not be straight.
  • Temperature. For summer, it can be 20-25 degrees, for winter - about 15 degrees. The plant will survive a slightly lower temperature, the main thing is not to flood it and protect it from drafts.
  • Watering. Moderate, without "puddles", but so that the soil was constantly wet. Always defend the water, the pot is afraid of lime and other "useful" additives, which the water in our taps is rich in. In autumn and winter, philodendron needs less water than in spring and summer. Also, the plant must often be sprayed. If the leaves are smooth, they can be wiped with a moist handkerchief.
  • Nutrition. Complex mineral fertilizers - the most it. In the cold season they are given once a month, in the warm - twice. In the spring and summer of philodendron, you can buy a special composition for decorative leaf plants.
  • Pests. The plant is afraid of spider mites, scarab and thrips.
  • Disease. Most often it is rotting roots when transfusing philodendron. And if on the contrary, moisture is low, the leaves will turn yellow at the plant. Also, large leaves can suffer from sunburn, if they will constantly fall on direct rays.

Important! If you want to buy a healthy plant that will not get sick, but to please you, do not take a philodendron with strange spots on the leaves.

Also proudly pass by, if the soil in the pot is wet. Having brought home the philodendron, remove the top layer of soil, fill it with fresh (surely dry), do not water the plant for a week.

You will learn more about choosing philodendron and the intricacies of caring for it from this video: