Raspberry Hussar is included in the category of the so-called "golden varieties". Its popularity is due, above all, unpretentiousness. To ensure a good harvest does not require special skills and great effort. The variety is suitable for central Russia, as well as the southern regions, where there is a lack of moisture. The shape of the shoots is straight, garter does not require.
Malina Hussar and its distinctive features:
- Raspberries have fairly powerful stems that can withstand even strong gusts of wind. When creating optimal conditions of maintenance, the bush reaches 3 m in height. The berries are large, reaching a mass of 12 g. With good fruitfulness, up to 16 kg of raspberry can be harvested from one bush. The berries are conical. When they reach the stage of technical ripeness, they become sweet with a sour taste. They contain vitamins C, K, B6.
- The culture leaves are wrinkled, slightly pubescent, dark green.
- Fruit stalks are located throughout the entire shoot.
- Fruits are conical in shape, scarlet shade, with a ruby overflow. On taste - sweet, with a little sourness. Characterized by a strong berry flavor.
- The average weight of berries is 3.2-3.5 g. There are specimens reaching 10-12 g. The sugar content in fruits reaches 10.9%. Vitamin C accounts for approximately 37%. Berries deserve a tasting score - 4.2 points.
- Malina Gusar is characterized by resistance to viral and fungal diseases.
- Culture tolerates low temperatures and drought.
Planting and growing
In order for the variety to please fragrant berries in the first year of planting, it is necessary to take into account certain nuances.
Culture prefers soils with a neutral pH. It is adversely affected by acidic soils. If the bush grows in the shade, this also contributes to a drop in yield. To maintain the metabolism you need sunlight. Take care that the landing site is protected from drafts. It is especially important to take care of this at the beginning of spring and at the end of autumn.
It is advisable to select areas where cultures with different types of diseases did not grow before, because bacteria can persist in the soil for a long time. The raspberries planted in such a place will soon be struck by them. It is strongly not recommended to plant raspberries where potatoes and carrots used to grow.
Dig a trench or hole in advance. It is recommended to do this 4 weeks before planting.
There are two ways to grow plants:
- Trench. Planting seedlings produced in a row, tape. Trenches with a depth of 15 to 20 cm are arranged. After this, they are poured with water and organic fertilizers are poured. Then seedlings are planted in the soil.
- Handicraft The stems are planted in groups of 10 pieces, so that later they form a kind of bushes. Between individual groups of such stems must be at least a meter distance, otherwise it will be difficult to care for them.
Both the first and second methods are popular with our gardeners. You can decide which of them is more convenient for you. In any case, fertilizer should be enough to grow shrubs upright, and their stalks remain strong. Optimal nutrient supply and provides good taste of berries.
Fertilizers are laid in pits and trenches. They are taken with the calculation - 2 kg per stem. After entering the soil, the trench is covered with soil 5 cm high. This is required to avoid direct contact of the fertilizer with the raspberry roots. If this happens, they will be seriously damaged, especially if there is a shortage of moisture.
Ammonia fertilizers should not be ignored, especially if you are replanting bushes. Ammonium nitrate promotes rapid growth of the plant and its strengthening. Enough to take 20 grams per bush. It will take relatively little time, and the plant will have new shoots.
This raspberry variety requires regular watering, although the crop tolerates drought well. But if you want to get a rich harvest and berries of excellent quality, you will have to ensure the plant a comfortable life. However, you should not treat raspberries as rice, for example, and keep it all the time in water. It is enough to prevent the drying of the topsoil. In the spring and summer months, you can water 2 times a week.
Garter is optional. Stems are durable. On the other hand, during the ripening of the berries, you can make supports so that the quality of the fruits is better, and just for aesthetics. Supports will serve as support for the plant, since a large crop weight can put pressure on the stems.
There are several types of garters:
- Fan. Take support, which are hammered to the left and right of the stems. The branches are tied to them at a distance of 5 to 10 cm from one another. As a result, raspberry bushes look like a fan, hence this name.
- Shpalernaya. The supports are hammered along the entire perimeter, after which they stretch the rope between them. Branches are fixed on them. Externally, the bush becomes erect.
Pruning is a crucial moment. It improves the yield of the variety and favorably affects the appearance of the whole garden. Pruning raspberries should begin after picking berries and at the end of winter. In the first case, it is enough to remove 30 cm, and also cut out all non-bearing branches.
With the onset of spring, remove all excess shoots that make the shrub too thick. Fruiting shoots can be cut at around 20 cm above ground level. But even excessively shortened shoots, fear the consequences are not worth it. Raspberries grow quite quickly, and a small stem height will be compensated by the appearance of side branches and an increase in fruitfulness.
Reviews of raspberry hussar
Olga: “I liked the hussars both to my taste and the size of the berries. First planted last year, while it is difficult to talk about the yield. Saplings reached a height of 1.6 m. It is noteworthy that even in the absence of berries, the stems began to bend. Next year I will equip the trellis. ”
Sergei: “I tried different varieties, Gusar turned out to be the most vigorous. The bush has grown to 2.5 m. But I have already pinched it several times from 1.5 m. I think that it must be tied up, although its stalks are strong enough. ”
Raspberries are quite demanding on moisture. This feature can be explained that in the wild, some varieties grow directly in the water. Watering should be frequent and abundant, but the soil should not turn into a swamp. If the bush lacks moisture, it adversely affects the juiciness and size of the berries.
To keep the ground as wet as possible, experienced gardeners recommend mulching the soil. Wood ash is perfect for this purpose.
Characterization of breeding methodsThere are several ways to propagate raspberries varieties Gusar at home. It can be:
- reproduction seedlings.
Most gardeners prefer the first option. For this perfect scions who do not have their roots.
The workpiece should be carried out when the scions reach 3 cm in height and about three leaves are formed on them. After cutting the cuttings, they need to be carefully tied, and all cuts are processed using a growth stimulator. Prepared cuttings should be placed in a nutrient medium. To cook it will require peat, humus and earth. It is important that the substrate is constantly wet.
On average, it takes about 2–3 weeks to form the roots of the system. After the appearance of the roots, cuttings can be planted on the main place where they will grow. For landing it is better to wait for cloudy weather. The first few days the plant needs a little pritenyat.The second method of reproduction involves the purchase of seedlings. You need to purchase them only from trusted suppliers who give a guarantee of quality for your product. In the autumn, it is better to refuse planting the cuttings, as they simply may not survive the winter.
Variety history, its description and characteristics
Malina Gusar was bred in 1979 by the famous Soviet breeder V. Kazakov. For more than 40 years of his work, Kazakov made an invaluable contribution to the development of remontant varieties, which include the Gusar, which was included in the "golden collection" of the scientist. But this variety received mass distribution since 1994. Since then, raspberries Gusar began to grow successfully in all Russian regions, although initially it was supposed to be cultivated in the North Caucasus.
Raspberry variety Gusar different yields of large berries
The variety belongs to frost-resistant, it is able to transfer the temperature to -40 ° C for a long time without consequences. The drought of raspberry hussar is also not terrible, as well as not very fertile soils and open terrain.
Shrubs of this variety are sparse, but sprawling, therefore it is desirable to tie them up. Strong upright shoots grow to a height of 2.7 m, if they are not pruned, and in the third year of bush development their number can greatly increase.
Raspberry Hussar has powerful upright shoots.
The sheet plates are wide, dark green. The berries are large, juicy, conical shape. With one bush, you can remove up to 6.5 kg of fruit. Each berry weighs 5-6 grams, and some specimens reach a weight of 12 g. They are valued not only for taste and aroma, but also for the content of nutrients:
- sugars (fructose and glucose) - up to 10.9%,
- organic acids - 1.8%,
- ascorbic acid - up to 27.4 mg.
In addition, Hussar berries contain vitamins K and B6.
Selection of young seedlings
We recommend that you purchase seedlings in nurseries and specialty stores to ensure you get high-quality planting material. A good sapling has one shoot no more than 45 cm long, the base width is 1 cm. The root system is powerful, roots are from 15 cm long.
Seedlings should be strong, healthy, without visible damage.
On the seedling from the roots to the top there should be no signs of rot and other damage. In addition, it should be remembered that a stalk with fully formed leaves will not take root after planting.
Since raspberry hussar is undemanding to the composition of the soil, its seedlings will take root well in almost any area. But if you want to achieve higher yields, choose a good place to plant.
The territory on which the cultivation of raspberries is planned should be well lit. In the shadow of the shoots of the bush can not become strong and well developed.
For planting raspberry hussar choose a well-lit area
Best for planting raspberries fit a flat place or a very small slope. Groundwater deposition is not higher than 1.5 m to the surface, since waterlogging is not recommended for raspberries.
The qualitative composition of the land on the ground is also important. Perfect light fertile soil with good aeration (breathability) and acidity not higher than 6 pH.
Do not plant raspberries where strawberries, potatoes, eggplants or carrots grew in the previous season. Larvae of pests and sources of diseases characteristic of these crops, can greatly spoil your raspberry.
Raspberry Hussars can be planted in early spring, before buds begin to germinate, or in the middle of autumn, before a cold snap.
Landing can be carried out in three ways: trench, belt and artisanal. Consider that in any case you will need to add organic fertilizer. For this fit humus. You can also use rotted manure. It is recommended to sprinkle a little fertilizer with earth, so that the roots of the seedling are not in direct contact with it.
So that the seedlings gain strength before planting, soak them in water for 2 hours.
Trench landing method
- Dig a long trench in the selected area. Its depth must be at least 20 cm.
- Fill the trench with water, evenly pour in fertilizer.
- Spread out seedlings, keeping a distance of about 50 cm between them.
- Cover the ground from above, holding the cuttings so that they are fixed in an upright position. Tamp the soil a little.
- After planting, water the seedlings again, but not abundantly.
Trench planting method is very convenient for the further cultivation of raspberries.
You can calculate the required trench length based on the number of seedlings and the distance between them.
- Dig a few holes in a row according to the number of seedlings at a distance of 30–40 cm between them. Their width should be 40 cm, depth - 50 cm.
- If you plant raspberries in several rows, leave 2 m between the rows.
- In each pit, lay the fertilizer to the middle and sprinkle a little with earth.
- Place the seedlings in the pit, straightening the roots. While holding them in a vertical position, pour in the soil and lightly tamp.
Applying a belt planting method, keep the distance between seedlings and rows
The history of the raspberry Hussar
Garden raspberry remontant type is known for more than 200 years. However, the second wave of fruiting was insignificant. Productive foreign remontant varieties on the territory of Siberia and the central regions did not have time to give up to 70% of their harvest before the onset of early frosts.
In the 70s of the 20th century, work on the creation of frost-resistant species began at the Kokinsky stronghold of the VSTISP. “The father of Russian remontant varieties”, the “wizard” is called the scientist Ivan Vasilyevich Kazakov, who created a fundamentally new berry culture. Having visited its experimental plantations, domestic and foreign experts described what they saw as a miracle. The result of the thirty-year labor of the breeder is the production of fruitful, cold-resistant, practically unaffected by diseases and pests of repair varieties, the best of which, according to gardeners, is Gusar. I. V. Kazakov obtained it by pollinating the American Kenby hybrid with species immune to viral diseases. No wonder the new variety, superior parent forms, received such an unusual name - Hussar, which means durable, brave, brave.
The variety was included in the State Register in 1999 with admission to use in the Central, Middle Volga, Volga-Vyatka, North-West and North-Caucasus regions. For remontant raspberries, unlike ordinary varieties, not only biennial, but also annual shoots are fruitful. During the season you can get the harvest twice - in summer and autumn.
Hussar is a raspberry of early ripening, so she has time to fully ripen in the sunny period and give the main crop before the cold. Gardeners who cultivate this variety, speak with admiration about him. At one place the berry bush bears fruit well for 20 years. The pronounced wax coating on the shoots protects them from excessive evaporation of moisture and makes the plant drought-resistant. Possessing frost resistance, Hussar bravely tolerates lowering the temperature to -25 ° C.
Among the advantages of this raspberry - immunity to major diseases. There are almost no wormy berries on it, it is rarely affected by the weevil, gallitsa. And due to the absence of abundant root growth, the culture does not overwhelm the garden space and directs all its forces to the formation of the harvest.
Raspberry Hussar belongs to remontant varieties and can bear fruit twice per season.
The hussar grows as a tall (up to 2.7 m in height) spreading shrub. Stems are straight, powerful, covered with a wax coating, without pubescence. Biennial shoots brown shade. Small spikes of medium size, dark purple color, located in the lower part of the shoot. This feature facilitates the care of plants. Dark green wrinkled leaves are large, slightly twisted, slightly pubescent. Sheet plate on the edge of the gear.
Raspberry hussar forms a tall spreading shrub with straight stems
Berries average weight of 3.2 g, have the form of a blunt cone. The flesh is a bright ruby color, juicy, fragrant, sweet-sour, taste rating - 4.2 points. The fruit contains: sugar 10.8%, acid 1.8%, vitamin C 27.2%. The average yield is 83.6 centners per hectare. Up to 3-4 kg of berries can be harvested from a bush.
Raspberries - a natural doctor, has long been used in folk medicine for neurasthenia, atherosclerosis, and blood diseases. Berries are consumed fresh, dried, frozen, prepared vitamin preparations: juices, compotes, jam.
The disadvantages include a large spreading of the bush, which requires a significant area under the raspberry tree: you must leave at least 1 m distance between plants and 1.5–2 m between rows. In addition, branches with a height of more than 2 m must be tied to a support in order to keep harvest
Being a reliable and proven variety, Gusar is still inferior to modern remontant species, which produce higher yields and are distinguished by gigantic fruits (weighing more than 10 g).
Conical raspberry berries Hussar bright ruby color, juicy, sweet-sour to taste
Choosing a place
Under the berries take the most lighted areas. Even a slight shade delays the ripening of fruits, negatively affects the quality of the crop. Berry culture should receive as much heat as possible, so they plant it on the south side of the garden, along fences, sheds, protect it from cold winds by planting fruit trees, hedges.
К почвенным условиям нетребовательна, но предпочитает рыхлые плодородные земли. Очень важное значение для малины имеют предшествующие культуры. Не следует закладывать ягодник на участках, где ранее росли томаты, картофель. Хорошо растёт культура после огурцов, бобовых, кабачков. Прекрасно уживается малина рядом с яблоней, вишней, красной смородиной. А виноград и облепиху желательно посадить в другом уголке сада.
The repair raspberry prefers to grow in well-lit areas: the more sun the plant receives, the sweeter the berries will be
High yields can be achieved if planting siderats (lupine, mustard), which heals the soil and increases its fertility, before planting raspberries. They plow into the soil a month before planting.
You should not plant bushes in low-lying areas that often disappear after the snow melts, as well as in areas with low groundwater levels. Excess moisture is detrimental to the root system of raspberries, the risk of developing diseases increases, and frost resistance decreases.
The culture grows well on sandy or light loamy soils with neutral acidity. The plant will also take root on clayey areas, but in conditions of high humidity the bush will grow intensively, and fruit ovaries will grow poorly. Therefore, to improve the quality of clay soil, sand must be introduced (1 bucket per m 2). Sour ground lime (500 g of lime per m 2).
Usually planted raspberries along the fence or near the outbuildings to protect it from strong gusts of wind
At the site raspberries can be planted in small groups of 3 plants 70 cm apart. You can grow the culture in a tape way, arranging the rows in 1.5–2 m. Often, remontant raspberries are used as a decorative element, planting 3 bushes in a triangular pattern. Especially elegant look varieties with a varied color of the fruit: red in Gusar, yellow and orange in other varieties. Such a combination of juicy green foliage with colorful berries looks like an exotic bouquet in the garden.
Planted culture in spring and autumn. In the spring, it is necessary that the temperature be above zero throughout the week. However, during spring planting, fruiting is not so abundant, because all the forces of the plant go for survival. The most suitable period for planting is autumn, 20 days before frosts: the seedlings will have time to take root, prepare for winter, and in the spring all forces will be directed to the growth of shoots and yield formation.
Selection of seedlings
Nurseries offer a large selection of raspberry seedlings. When choosing a plant, you should carefully consider it. The seedling must have a developed root system, with no signs of rot, and the branches must be flexible, without spots. Planting material, acquired in late autumn, is instilled in the garden until spring.
Recently gardeners have preferred container saplings - small plants with 5–8 leaves, grown in pots. They can be planted throughout the garden season. In addition, such seedlings further develop a more powerful root system and strong shoots.
Get better seedlings in pots: they take root more easily and develop a more powerful root system
20 days before planting, they dig up a plot, remove weeds, add 2 buckets of humus, 50 g of superphosphate, 30 g of potassium salt, or 300 g of ash per 1 m 2. Lime is added to the highly acidic soil (500 g per m 2).
During the formation of raspberries from individual bushes, pits of 60x45 cm are dug at a distance of at least 1 m from each other. When grown in a linear way, trenches 50x45 cm wide with a distance between rows of 1.5–2 m, between bushes - 1 m are prepared.
On large areas, raspberries are grown in rows, landed in trenches
- A few hours before planting, the roots of seedlings are immersed in a solution with Kornevin, Heteroauxin - biostimulants, which accelerate root formation and increase stress resistance.
- At the bottom of the hole or furrow poured mound of the fertile layer of the earth.
- A sapling is lowered onto it, the root system is evenly distributed over it.
The seedling is lowered into the pit, while the root neck should be at ground level.
The soil around the seedling is covered with a layer of mulch.
In a temperate climate for more intensive growth of shoots and an increase in yield in early spring, raspberries are free from snow and covered with black film. This contributes to a better warming of the soil, an earlier start of the growing season (by 2 weeks) and an increase in yield by 500 g from 1 m 2.
Watering and loosening
The culture is moisture-loving; watering in the arid summer is especially necessary. Moisturize raspberries every 7 days (10 liters per bush). However, water stagnation in case of excessive watering has a depressing effect on plants.
Use different methods of watering raspberries. Imitation of rain with the help of sprayers allows to moisten not only the soil, but also the foliage and air. However, at the time of fruiting, this type of watering is not used to avoid rotting the berries.
When sprinkling, the soil and leaves are well moistened, the air is moistened
Often use watering through the grooves, laid around the bushes or between the rows. After moisture absorption, the grooves must be closed up. Drip irrigation is carried out with the help of tapes with droppers into which water is supplied under pressure. This type of irrigation allows you to maintain the required soil moisture, and also significantly reduces water consumption.
Drip irrigation reduces water consumption and provides uniform soil moistening.
Before the onset of cold weather, it is necessary to conduct prewinter watering (20 liters of water per bush). After each watering, the ground is loosened to remove soil crust, preventing air from reaching the roots. Loosening is carried out at a shallow depth (7 cm) in order not to damage the surface root system. Then stack a layer of mulch from straw, humus.
Repair raspberries are more demanding on nutrition than ordinary varieties. From the 2nd year after planting the berry must be fed. In the spring, nitrogen fertilizers (30 g of urea per m 2) are applied to stimulate intensive growth of shoots. In the middle of summer, shrubs are fertilized with Nitrofos (60 g per 10 l), at the end of the season - with superphosphate (50 g) and potassium salt (40 g per m 2). You can use Kemira, Nutrisol, Yaromil-agro liquid fertilizers together with water when irrigating through a drip irrigation system.
Raspberry Hussar responds well to fertilizing with complex mineral fertilizers
A good organic feed for raspberries - mullein, bird droppings, diluted in water 1:10 and 1:20 (5 liters of solution per m 2). In the autumn, the soil under the bushes is mulched with humus or compost - this mulch reliably warms the roots in the winter cold, and by spring, having overheated, turns into a useful fertilizer.
Do not recommend the use of fresh manure: it contributes to the development of pathogenic microflora, can cause burn root system.
The source of calcium, potassium, magnesium and other elements necessary for the growth and development of plants is ash (500 g per m 2). But even organic fertilizers can harm the plant if they are applied in excessive amounts.
Root top dressings should be combined with extra root. Spraying the foliage with liquid fertilizers Uniflor-micro (1 tablespoon per 10 liters), Crystalon (30 g per 10 liters) not only saturate the raspberries with nutrients, but also save them from pests.
On well-fertilized soil, raspberry hussar gives excellent yields.
Experienced gardeners use grass extracts to feed raspberries. Dandelion, nettles are put in a 50-liter barrel, 100 g of ash, a handful of earth, 100 g of yeast, 1 kg of chicken droppings are added, filled with water and left to ferment for 7 days. Then the infusion is diluted with water (1:10) and 0.5 liters are poured under the bush.
Pruning raspberry pruning has its own characteristics. If the berry is grown to produce one full-fledged late summer crop, at the end of October all the shoots are cut. This pruning simplifies the care of the berry, does not require shelter for the winter. Together with the stems, pests and diseases wintering on the aboveground parts of plants are destroyed.
If they plan to get 2 crops per season, only two-year-old stems are removed, the annuals are shortened by 15 cm. In the spring, the bush must be inspected, and the frozen and dry stems are removed.
Pruning raspberry when growing as a one-year and perennial crop is different: with a perennial cycle, only seedlings are removed, and with one-year, all
In the summer, completely cut off the excess shoots, leaving 3-6 branches. When such pruning creates optimum illumination, the bush is well ventilated, receives the necessary food.
Growing on a trellis
Branches laden with fruits sometimes linger, with strong wind gusts breaking out of weak shoots can occur. Therefore, it is better to grow raspberries on the trellis, which also greatly simplifies care: it is easy to approach shrubs and harvest, they evenly warm themselves in the sun and are well ventilated. Garter shoots to the trellis carried out at a height of 50 cm, 1.2 m and 2 m.
When grown on a trellis, the stems are tied at a height of 0.5, 1.2 and 2 m
You can use the fan method of garters to support. On two sides of the bush, pegs are set, to which, at different heights, part of the stems of one plant and part of the branches of the neighboring plant are tied.
You can form bushes in the form of a fan, tied to the pegs at different heights of the stems of one plant and part of the branches of the neighboring
Preparing for the winter
Growing raspberries as an annual crop and cutting the stems allows you to safely survive the winter cold. It is only necessary to cover the roots with a layer of mulch. However, gardeners usually prefer to harvest twice per season. In this case, only two-year-old shoots are removed in the fall; annuals are harboring.
Hussar is a frost-resistant variety that carries the winter without insulation under a snow cover at least 40 cm thick. However, in snowless winters and under adverse conditions, plants may freeze slightly. After a prewinter irrigation and mulching with humus, arcs bent by an arc are attached to a wire stretched along a row, covered with a nonwoven material. To avoid vyprevaniya shoots, cover them no earlier than a week before frost.
Before the onset of cold weather raspberry bushes bend and cover with agrofibre
Malina Hussar - variety description
Raspberry Hussar is not a remontant tall variety and reaches a height of up to 2.5 m. The shoots are powerful, upright. The leaves on the shoots are large and wrinkled. Raspberries of this variety do not need props. Shrubs do not slope to the ground even with a bountiful harvest and strong gusts of wind.
Raspberry Hussar shoots are not pubescent with a dense wax coating. The few thorns are located only in the lower part of the shoots, which is a distinctive feature of this variety and facilitates picking berries. Lateral processes are formed from the middle third of the main shoot.
Raspberry bushes Hussar high and spreading
Raspberry Gusar is characterized by high winter hardiness and drought resistance, which makes it possible to grow it in the southern and northern regions of the Russian Federation. The variety is resistant to diseases such as mosaic and curly, and is not attacked by the raspberry stem gall midges.
Bushes of this variety are developing rapidly. The root growth of the raspberry Hussar is practically not formed, since the root system has only up to 10 offsprings. This feature of the variety simplifies the care of raspberries and allows you to grow bushes in one place for up to 25 years, but excludes reproduction by layering.
Malina Hussar, the description and photo of which are presented in the article, is a medium early variety. In the southern regions, the berries ripen in early July, and in the middle belt and the northern regions, the harvest is carried out in August.
Fruits of conical shape with a blunt nose, bright ruby color. The average weight of the berries is 3-4 g, and with intensive care - up to 10 g. The taste of raspberry Hussar is sweet and sour, the aroma is pronounced. The sugar content of berries is up to 10.8%. The dense structure of the pulp makes the fruit strong. They do not crumble from the bush, do not disintegrate during harvest and are well transported.
Raspberry berries Hussar large with a sweet-sour taste
The yield of the raspberry variety Hussar is up to 6 kg per bush. Berries universal purpose. They are suitable for fresh consumption and for preparations for the winter (frost, jam, stewed fruit).
Selection of raspberry seedlings Hussar
Choosing seedlings, it is worth contacting specialized stores or nurseries to be sure of their variety. Healthy planting material raspberries Hussar has a single formed shoot. Its height should not exceed 40-50 cm, and the diameter at the base is about 1 cm.
Saplings of raspberry Hussar in the nursery
The roots of the seedling should be at least 15 cm long, elastic, with no signs of rot. The plant whose leaves are fully formed at the time of purchase will not take root on the site.
Features of planting and caring for shrubs
Raspberry Hussar is not demanding to care. Under adverse weather conditions, the bushes are able to produce an average yield, but in order to increase the fruiting it is necessary to follow certain rules.
Planted in the ground raspberry Hussar is recommended in the middle of spring, as its roots are afraid of icing, which is not uncommon in early spring thaws. Autumn planting is allowed until mid-October. The plot for the raspberries should be protected from winds through, and well lit.
Raspberry hussar planted at a distance of 100 cm from each other
The distance between the seedlings when planting should be 80-100 cm, and between the rows 100-150 cm, since the adult bushes are quite tall and spreading. Planting pits need to be well filled with organic matter (compost, humus, rotted manure), and after planting, the seedlings must be watered every day until they are fully adapted (2-3 weeks).
Raspberry Hussar calmly tolerates even prolonged drought, but it needs abundant watering to increase yields. Especially important is watering during the flowering of the bush and the growth of berries.
Trimming and Garter
For the formation of bushes and stimulation of fruit buds raspberry Hussar needs proper pruning. The first pruning is carried out in the spring, removing damaged and shortening overwintered shoots to the first living bud.
When the bush grows to 1.5 m, pinch the top, stimulating the growth of lateral shoots. After the harvest, the seedlings are cut out. The rapid growth of the bush allows radical cutting.
Raspberry care Hussar includes the right pruning
Despite the powerful upright bushes, gardeners tied raspberries Hussars during abundant fruiting to support the branches and preserve a neat type of planting. You can use any available garter.
Malina Hussar - gardeners reviews
Gardeners reviews about the raspberry variety Hussar are mostly positive. They note that the bushes develop powerful, rarely get sick and bear fruit well. The percentage of frost culture is very low even in harsh winters, so the variety is grown in the Urals and Siberia. In the summer heat without watering raspberries do not dry, and the branches do not become brittle with low humidity.
Raspberry variety Hussar suitable for growing in the Urals
Of the disadvantages of gardeners noted that there are varieties more productive. Raspberry bush Hussar brings 2.8-3.6 kg of berries, and Polka, Arbat, Turuasa varieties more than 4 kg. At the same time, their fruits are larger, and have greater sugar content and better flavor.
Choosing varieties for laying raspberries, you should pay attention to the raspberry Gusar - unpretentious and high-yielding, with a high threshold of resistance to frost, drought and disease.
- At a distance of 1–1.5 m from each other, dig holes 50 x 50 cm in size, pour water into them and place fertilizer.
- Divide saplings into groups of 10 pieces. Each group is located in a separate hole.
- Cover the pits with earth so that the basal buds on the seedlings remain on the surface. Tamp the soil and water each stalk.
Irrigation and Mulching Rules
For raspberry hussar important timely soil moistening. After spring planting you need to water the seedlings daily for 2 weeks. In hot, dry summers, ensure regular watering: do not let the soil dry out. The amount of water - 1 bucket for every 3 bushes. However, one should not get too carried away and fill up the bushes, because the soil will begin to sour from overmoistening and the roots to rot.
In addition, the soil under the bushes need mulching. It will provide the root system with nutrient access and powerful development. To do this, compost, straw, humus, manure or peat are spread on the ground with a layer of about 5 cm.
As soon as warm weather is established and new leaves begin to unfold on the raspberry bushes, start feeding.
- The first stage is the application of organic fertilizers. You can use a mullein diluted in water in a ratio of 1: 5, or 1:10 solution of bird droppings. Each bush will need 1 liter of fertilizer. You can pre-make from above rotted manure, a bucket under a bush when the soil thaws.
- The second stage of feeding is carried out with the beginning of flowering. To do this, add 10 g of phosphorus and potash fertilizers in 10 liters of organic infusion.
- In the autumn, spend the same dressing. It is optional if the bush develops well and the soil is sufficiently nutritious.
In addition, in the summer, pour wood ash 1–2 times a month into the aisle, 0.5 l per 1 m 2 of planting.
Since the raspberry Hussar has strong, strong branches, it does not need to be grown on a trellis until a certain point. But with the beginning of fruiting a large number of berries, as well as their total weight, strongly stems the stems to the ground. At this particular time, it is advisable to tie them up so that the branches with berries do not spread along the ground and do not break off.
You can tie a raspberry hussar in a trellis or fan pattern.
- The trellis garter is as follows. Вбейте по линии роста кустов колышки, натяните между ними проволоку в 3 ряда на высоте 80, 120 и 180 см над уровнем грунта. Подвяжите молодой саженец к первому ряду, а по мере роста фиксируйте на верхних рядах.
Метод шпалерной подвязки малины
Веерный способ подвязки отлично подходит для сорта Гусар
Для хорошего развития и роста куста малины, а ещё его обильного плодоношения, требуется обрезка. And if almost all representatives of remontant varieties cut out the shoots completely before winter, then raspberry Hussar does not need it.
Timely correct pruning will significantly increase crop yield.
- Spend the first pruning in the spring, when the snow melts and warm weather sets in, but before bud break. Carefully inspect all the branches, cut off those that were damaged or weakened during the winter at the root, without hemp. It is enough to leave 5-6 new strong shoots.
- In June, do a trimming trim. By this time, the branches reach a height of one and a half meters, and you need to shorten them by 30–40 cm. So the nutrients are properly distributed from the stems to the flower buds.
- The second time shortening the trim done near the middle of July. At the same time, the central stems are left unchanged, and the lateral shoots are cut by 10–15 cm. Remove the root growth to a depth of 5 cm with a spade or pruner.
Propagative raspberries are multiplied in several ways. The seed method is rarely used, it is quite time consuming, and varietal characteristics are lost.
Culture propagates well with green cuttings. In early summer, young shoots with a height of 5 cm are cut under the ground and planted in a greenhouse at an angle of 45 degrees. Regularly moisturize, air out. Rooting occurs after 15 days. Green plants need to be fed with complex fertilizer and a week later planted in the garden according to the 10x30 scheme for growing. In the fall they are transplanted to a prepared place.
It is easy to propagate raspberries using green cuttings that root 15 days after cutting
Raspberries quickly multiply root suckers. In the summer, 15-centimeter shoots are dug along with the roots and planted in the designated area. It is easy to propagate raspberry by dividing the shrub. The bush is divided into parts with the root and shoots. Each part with branches shortened to 45 cm is planted separately.
Raspberries quickly multiply root suckers
Raspberries are also propagated by root cuttings. At the end of the season, the roots are cut into pieces of 10 cm and planted on the site, after making fertilizer. Water, mulch the soil and cover with coniferous legs for the winter. In early spring, freeing the beds from lapnik, stretch the film over them. With the appearance of green scions, the film is removed. In the fall, the seedlings are transplanted.