Gardeners of the northern region are widely practiced planting cleoma in open ground. This flower is loved for its unusual appearance and relatively small cost of care. Despite the fact that the plant is perennial, in the conditions of the northern climate it can survive only one season.
Botanical description of cleoma
Cleoma is included in the genus of the same name, which includes about 70 species. The plant is a high glandular peduncle. Its height can vary from 80 to 100 cm. The leaves are located exactly, to the top of their size decreases. In form, they are linear and elongated, with smooth edges.
At the top of the plant are racemes, each of them in size does not exceed twenty centimeters. The inflorescences consist of several small flowers, their diameter does not exceed 3 cm.
Due to such an unusual inflorescence in the people of cleoma, it was called “flower-bouquet”. Another “nickname” - “spider-flower” is also widespread. After flowering a fruit appears - a multi-seeded box, the length of which can reach 3 cm.
Cultivation of cleoma does not take much time, especially if you know some tricks.
Seeds can be purchased at almost any store specializing in the sale of planting materials. When buying, you should pay attention to the date of harvesting seedlings, the most profitable option would be to purchase seeds collected a year before the purchase - their cultivation will give maximum results. Later fees should not be bought, since such seeds may not grow, even if they are provided with proper care.
Planting is done by one of two methods:
- planting seedlings
- outdoor cultivation.
Each method has its own characteristics, so it is worth considering each of them separately.
Growing sprouts cleoma produce in order to achieve an earlier and even flowering, in addition, the initial planting of cleoma not in the open field will increase the germination rate.
For growing seedlings need to purchase special flower pots, but you can use wooden boxes. For the flowers to give maximum germination and to be healthy, without requiring special care, they need a nourishing soil. You can prepare it yourself, for this you need to mix several ingredients that any gardener can find in the following proportions:
- 1/5 sand,
- 2/5 of humus
- 2/5 of the soil from the garden in which the flower will grow in the future.
Also, to increase germination, you can start caring for the seeds before planting. So, before sowing, they can be soaked for several hours in growth stimulants, which can be purchased at any store that sells seeds.
The landing itself takes place quite quickly in a few steps.
- In the soil, in a pot you must make a hole with a depth of no more than one centimeter. Initially, you can plant several plants, the distance between them should be at least 10 cm, so that the roots of the shoots do not constrain each other.
- One seed is placed in the dimple and covered with soil on top to the level of the soil in the pot.
To supplement the plant from above, the ground should be covered with a thin layer of ash or compost.
After that, it remains only to wait for the first shoots to appear, and to water the soil as it dries. Usually pecking lasts from 2.5 to 3 weeks. After that, the flower does not require special care, it is enough to put a container with seedlings on a warm and sunny place and water moderately. Cleoma is very fond of light, because if you wish in the evening you can turn on the plants a special lamp, the procedure should be carried out from 2 to 5 hours.
Transplantation into separate containers can be carried out after the cleomer has got stronger. It is easy to determine this, since developed sprouts begin to form full-fledged leaves. If there are more than five of them on a sapling, then it is time for each plant to provide a separate “living space”. Usually planting in the open field is made in May.
Cleoma does not like transplants, because for temporary use special peat-humus cups are used, with which the plant can be transferred to the garden. In addition, the flower must be carefully removed from common containers, so as not to damage the roots. Also for this purpose it is not recommended to remove the ground from which the flower was removed from the old pot.
The distance between plants can vary from 40 to 50 cm, so that the roots develop fully, without interfering with each other, and the flower does not need additional care.
After transplantation, the cleoma does not need lamp light and develops independently. Flower care is not required, except watering for one and a half weeks. After the end of this period, the plant should be fed, for this suitable mineral fertilizers.
After the flower is transplanted into the garden soil, you can completely relax, because this plant does not need special conditions, and it should be watered rarely, but plentifully.
Planting in open ground
If there is no time for seedlings, then it is possible to grow the flower immediately in the garden soil. In this case, the care of glue in the open field is practically not needed since the sowing. But for the rush will have to pay, as the percentage of germination will be much lower than the same figure, if you grow seedlings in separate containers.
Planting glue in open ground can be both in autumn and spring. In the first case, this should be done in October, but not all seeds can survive the winter. Therefore, the best option to start cultivation is spring sowing, it can be done at the end of April, when the soil is already warm.
It is worth noting that the bloom of bloom planted in open soil begins later. But she, as well as sprouts from pots, needs nourishment. Therefore, before planting, you should pay attention to the soil and the area in which the flower will be planted.
The place where cultivation will be carried out should be in a well-lit area. The soil should not trap moisture. To be nutritious, it should be prepared for planting. First of all, the earth must be re-digged in order to saturate it with oxygen, and during this process it should be mixed with compost. The same method is suitable if planting is done not by sowing, but by transfer of seedlings.
For a more nutrient composition in the soil, you can add a solution of mineral fertilizers - proportions 2 tbsp. spoon fertilizer 5 liters of water. This amount of nutrient fluid will be enough for 1 m 2 of soil.
Cleoma is an exotic-looking flower, however, in order to follow it, no special floricultural skills are required. If gardeners have time to take care of the flower, then it is better to plant it first in the pot to increase the percentage of seedlings and speed up the flowering process.
But if there is no time for cultivation, then you should not be upset, because the flower gets on beautifully in the open field, even if it was planted without seedlings. Although the probability that the seedlings will give far from all the seeds, greatly increases.
Everyone will choose the most suitable way for themselves, but in either case the plant will be happy throughout the summer season with its beautiful inflorescences.
How to care for cleoma seedlings
The first sprouting of cleoma appears only after 14-21 days, after which the containers need to be transferred to a bright place, and in the evening provide the plants with additional lighting. It is necessary to moisten the soil systematically. and make sure that the ground has time to dry in between watering.
To prevent possible root diseases, one-time prevention is carried out, watering sprouts with a pale pink manganese solution. After the appearance of a pair of true leaves, cleoma saplings should be transplanted into separate pots of natural materials and buried in the ground. After 14 days produced top dressing seedlings cleoma mineral complex in diluted form. Subsequently, fertilizers are applied once every two weeks. It is recommended to systematically rotate the capacitance to the light to avoid one-sided development.
Where and when to plant glue in the garden
The planting time of the cleoma is chosen in such a way that the threat of sudden frosts is finally over. Usually this is the end of May - the beginning of June. Cleome fit sunny place on the plot without a draft. Fertile soil recommended on such a land, the cleoma will grow much better than on depleted soils.
In the latter case, fumbled compost is added with the addition of flower fertilizers.
How to care for glue in the garden
There are no particular difficulties in the care of glue. need to water the plants in a strong drought quite plentifully. Top dressing is made once in 14 days, diluted with 2 tablespoons per 10 liters. If the plant is weak, then the cleoma is additionally sprayed with the same fertilizers, but in smaller quantities - one teaspoon per 3 liters.
It is possible to accelerate the blooming of buds with a zirconium solution, spraying is performed at the stage when the buds begin to form.
With the exception of the above care, you need to remove weeds, loosen the soil, you can protect yourself from the last event, if you pre-apply mulch to the soil.
Collection of cleoma seeds
If you wish to save the glue in the coming year, you will have to take care of collecting the seeds. This is done with the onset of autumn, after full maturation. Determine this stage is quite simple. Seeds should be round, and have a yellow or brown color - it depends on the plant variety. In order not to have to collect seed material on the ground, the pods are tied with gauze, and after disclosure of the pod, they end up in this peculiar case.
With the proper cultivation of cleome will become a real garden decoration.