The question of the age at which quails begin to rush always excites novice farmers or just wanting to do profitable business. But first it is interesting to know how long these birds live in captivity? It turns out that domestic quails live only 2-3 years, while wild quails live 5 years. And the question of how much quail is carried, the answer is accordingly the same.
But at the same time, domesticated quails, unlike their wild relatives, begin to lay eggs very soon.
If you properly and regularly take care of young birds, provide them with a full-fledged diet, then from two months the females regularly carry eggs. Mature - this is a quail of one month of age. Reaching a 100-gram weight, quails begin to trot.
Another interesting question: when do quails begin to fly - day or night? Most often it depends on the breed of bird, but usually this process begins in the afternoon or late in the evening. For example, Japanese quail breeds prefer to rush after feeding.
Quails are rushing according to a kind of schedule: they rush for 5–6 days, then rest for a couple of days. If the "rest" was delayed, then something is wrong and there is cause for concern.
When they start to rush
Let's figure out at what age quail rushes. Quail is a fast-growing species, so it also starts early. Answering the question at what age quails are rushing, one can say that already at the age of 35–40 days, the female begins to lay up to 8 eggs per month. On average, the number of eggs from an adult hen is about three hundred per year.
When do quails start laying eggs? Quails usually prefer to be born in the afternoon and closer to late evening. Some breeds may begin to lay eggs shortly after they have been fed.
If you are just a beginner poultry farmer and your choice fell on quails, then it is important for you to know how quails are moving. As a rule, females lay eggs for 5–6 days in a row and take a break. After a couple of days, the clutch is resumed. Experiencing is only when the pause is significantly delayed. Often the number of eggs per month can vary significantly. It speaks of errors in the maintenance and care.
How many eggs can quail bring
How many eggs you get from quails also depends on the breed: beef (this includes the Pharaohs, Texas whites) or egg. But usually at one month of age a bird brings up to 10 eggs per month. From the age of two months this number increases to 25.
Causes of egg production decline
Typically, the decline in quail egg production at home is associated with a deviation from the rules of growing and caring for laying quail. Here are the main mistakes that lead to lower egg production:
- Insufficient or excessive lighting. Quails, like chickens, love to rush under the light, so artificial lighting is established and the daylight is normalized. It should not exceed 18 hours, regardless of the length of the day and the time of year.
- Incorrect room temperature. For normal development in the "quail house" should be the temperature of 18 to 22 degrees Celsius. Also, the birds do not tolerate sudden changes in air temperature.
- Draft. Take responsibility to ensure that the room "did not walk the wind." This can not only reduce egg-laying, but also lead to diseases.
- High or low humidity. Humidity should be no higher than 75 and not less than 70 percent.
- Improper feeding. Meals should be regular and balanced, rich in protein. Try adding chalk or crushed pebbles to bird food.
- Cramped cells. The quail cage should be tall and spacious. Make sure that in the same cage was the optimal number of birds that should not interfere with and harm each other.
- Stress. Carriage times and loud noises annoy the birds and can cause a slump.
- New male. This is a temporary factor in lowering the egg-laying, so in this case you just need to wait.
- Diseases. When quails begin to flee, watch the shape of the eggs and their eggshells. If you are attentive to your birds, you will definitely notice any inconsistencies - for example, their strange behavior. In this case, it is better to consult a specialist.
- Aging. Annual specimens, by their nature, have a much smaller egg-laying, but in any case they will not cease to be carried up to 3 years.
How to increase egg laying
In the event of a decline in egg laying, poultry farmers are trying to take measures so that quails rush in normal quantities. But trying to get the birds to increase the number of eggs, poultry farmers often make it even worse.
How to increase quail egg production? To do this, you need to carefully observe how many quails rush in a week: if something is wrong, take action immediately.
Keep track of the microclimate - from lighting to the purity of the cells. Under the right conditions, egg-laying quails will be very pleasing.
Balance nutrition: it should contain meat and bone meal or fish meal and minerals that are in the chalk, shell. Young quails can be taught to feed and vitamins.
What factors affect the timing and quantity
Starting breeding, many newbies first of all wonder at what age quails begin to trot, but forget about other factors. Of course, the number of eggs is affected by age and housing conditions. However, the breed is an equally important factor. Most often, how many eggs you will receive from one bird depends on the egg production of the breed. The most productive poultry farmers recognize two breeds: Japanese and Estonian quail. 40–45 is the age when Japanese quail breeds begin to trot. The time when quails rush is different. Japanese quails start laying eggs almost immediately after they have eaten.
A few more egg species: English (she's British), marble and tuxedo. And if you expect to eat quail meat, then the best choice for this purpose will be Texas white, Manchurian quail and the breed Pharaoh.
For quails, the quality of care and the conditions in which they are kept are extremely important. Experienced poultry farmers recommend paying attention not only to the main problem, which has reduced egg production. As a rule, an integrated approach to the issue returns quails to normal in a matter of days.
Quails need free space. The cage in which your birds will live should be quite spacious. For a flock of three dozen quails, for example, a cage of 750 x 350 mm and a height of 250 mm is necessary. Egg-bearing flock is formed from one and a half (and older) chickens. It is important that all individuals are the same age. Another flock with birds of another age must be kept in a different cage. The presence of a rooster in the pack is optional and at your request. However, please note that if the rooster was still and you replaced it with another, then for a while the chickens will stop laying eggs. Usually this period is not more than a week. This is due to the fact that birds are under stress, therefore, experienced poultry farmers do not recommend often to settle with a flock of new individuals.
In the room where the pack is kept, the temperature should be not lower than 20 and not higher than 25 ° C. Humidity is not lower than 40% and not higher than 70%. Deviation in any direction can reduce the number of eggs laid. Draft must be eliminated.
It is equally important to consider the rules of lighting. Quails rush when it is light, so many poultry farmers use artificial light sources. But excessively bright or long (more than 18 hours) light can irritate birds and affect the quality of the laying.
The newly purchased birds will adapt to new conditions for about 2-3 weeks and will move away from the stress due to the move. Stress and loud sounds also cause stress.
Watch out for food. Improper diet without a regime affects the productivity of chickens. Develop a regime, feed the birds with special nutritious foods with high content.
Chickens may temporarily stop rushing during a molt or due to aging processes. Diseases can reduce productivity.
How to quickly increase egg production
To increase productivity, add bone meal or fish meal to food. This is a good source of protein, which must necessarily be saturated feed for birds. Each quail in your flock should receive 30 g of feed 3 times a day. Keep track of the content of vitamins and minerals in food. Do not allow the slightest deviations in the microclimate of the room, which contains a flock. In addition to the mandatory cleaning of birds, from time to time it is useful to put troughs with ashes and sand in chickens. "Bathing" in a mixture of birds clean feathers. It is also a good prevention of skin diseases.
Avoid frequent cell-to-cell transplantation. Any change of scenery is fraught with stress and can reduce productivity. A good option would be a cage with a lattice bottom, under which you can lay a newspaper and change it as needed. So you will not disturb the birds cleaning and keep clean. Drinking bowls and feeders are also located on the outside of the cage, which simplifies access to them and eliminates the need to open the cage frequently.
From time to time, invite a veterinarian to inspect the birds so that the probable or already present diseases do not come as a surprise to you and receive timely and proper prevention and treatment.
Quail egg production
The bird has breeds of a various orientation: egg, meat and egg and meat. Representatives of egg breeds annually demolish up to 300 eggs. And in the first month the female produces only 8 eggs. In the next six months from one bird you can get up to 25 pieces per month.
Rumble females on a specific cycle. After 5–6 days, during which the bird produces 1 egg per day, a break for a couple of days comes. After that, the cycle repeats. In contrast to the breeds of the egg direction, the meat gives fewer eggs, but has a greater weight, reaching 320–350 g. The samochki are larger and their weight is slightly larger than the males. The weight of representatives of the egg direction, depending on the breed, can vary from 130 to 200 g for females, and for males from 110 to 170 g.
The egg production of poultry depends on the breed and on the conditions of detention.
To get the maximum number of eggs, you must follow certain rules:
- avoid overcrowding, the habitat of 1 individual must be at least 200 cm²,
- keep the temperature within +20. +25 ° С, and humidity - 60–70%,
- The length of daylight hours is about 17 hours. If necessary, you can use the fluorescent lighting,
- maintain good ventilation, but avoid drafts,
- keep clean, because the smell of ammonia is bad for the bird,
- avoid noise and loud sounds
- do not dramatically change feed
- need three meals a day. The amount of feed eaten per day is about 30 g,
- add fat supplements to the diet (soybean, rapeseed, corn or sunflower oil),
- the feed must contain at least 50% of the grain, and the addition of protein is a good stimulator of the increase in egg-laying,
- add fish and meat and bone meal to food, as well as sand or crushed shell.
The benefits of quail eggs
Quails are valued not only for tasty and dietary meat, but also for eggs, which are considered to be the source of many vitamins, minerals and other nutrients. The mineral content is 3–4 times higher than in chicken eggs, while protein content is 12–14% (in chicken - 11%). By the presence of biologically active substances quail eggs are also leaders among the eggs of all birds. The composition of this product also includes:
- iron, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus,
- vitamins A, B1, B2 and B12,
- folic acid,
- amino acid lysozyme.
- with increased physical exertion
- prevents fatigue,
- removes toxic substances and radionuclides,
- a positive effect on the mental development of children
- strengthens the immune system
- supports female hormones at the required level
- increases male potency
- quail egg face masks improve its color, and hair masks make them silky and healthy.
Quail eggs help in the treatment of certain diseases:
- bronchial asthma and tuberculosis,
- diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and thyroid gland,
- disorders of the nervous system,
- mitigate the effects of poisoning
- improve eyesight
- facilitate the state of heart diseases, as well as after surgical interventions.
- with brittle bones,
- scoliosis and other spinal curvatures,
- with the threat of colds,
- with anemia,
- with poor hair and nails,
- with insomnia and irritability.
But, as with every product, quail eggs have some contraindications:
- they can cause allergies
- due to the presence of cholesterol, problems may occur in patients with atherosclerosis and diabetes,
- for liver diseases, it is necessary to limit the consumption of the product due to the presence in it of substances that worsen the outflow of bile enzymes,
- infection by various infections is possible.
- do not use eggs that have a shelf life of more than a week,
- the product can be stored for up to 2 months, but provided that the storage temperature was not higher than + 10 ° С,
- Do not abuse the product. Children of preschool age need 1–2 pieces per day, for schoolchildren - 2-3 pieces, and for adults - no more than 5 eggs.
This speckled product is useful at any age. So eat it for health, and if there is an opportunity to breed a bird, then do it. So you will have your own products, in which quality you will be sure.
When quails begin to trot: video
Quails can not be bought when they are already rushing. They need to buy before.
Firstly, you do not know how much they have already rushed from the seller. A century of quails are short-lived. I change my own at the age of 10 months.
Secondly, when moving, they will naturally experience stress, when changing conditions of detention, too, when changing food, too.
After that, they need two weeks to begin to nest again, and about 2 more weeks to reach their normal egg production.
Feed must not be in a cage always available! Quails should eat food in an hour-2 and then sit without food until the second feeding.
Much also depends on the size and design of your cell.