Perennial grassy vine. In folk medicine, the plant root is used. Valued anti-sclerotic, antirheumatic, anti-inflammatory, analgesic, regenerating, laxative, diuretic, tonic effect.
What is the use of Adam's root in traditional medicine, reviews of treatment, recommendations for preparation and contraindications? The first thing to remember about the toxicity of the plant and be sure to consult with your doctor before taking. The ancient Persians called this vine “white vine”, among the Slavs it is called “fiery root” and “overstep”. The name "Adam's root" is associated with the legend. Once in paradise Adam injured his leg, Eve put the creeper root to the wound - and a miraculous healing took place. Even the ancient healers noted the ability of the grass to "pacify" rheumatic pains, relieve swelling, improve blood circulation. Previously, the root was treated for pulmonary diseases, bronchial asthma, trophic ulcers and bruises, convulsions and digestive disorders.
Features of the medicinal plant
Adam's root (in common parlance Adam's root) has a scientific name - the common tamus, or the ordinary Dioscorea. The plant is widely used in homeopathy and traditional medicine. What are the healing properties of tamus? Can it harm the body?
There are about 600 species from the genus Dioscorea. Most of them grow in the tropical zone. However, some species take root well in the temperate zone (usually in the mountain forest). These include tamus ordinary. This plant can be found in the Crimea, Central Asia, the Caucasus (Armenia, Georgia, Azerbaijan). Rarely found on the territory of Ukraine, Moldova, Belarus. In Europe it grows in the southern regions, in the countries of the Iberian and Apennine peninsulas. Also the liana can be seen in the north of Africa and in Front Asia.
The most valuable species, besides the common tamus, are the Caucasian and Nipponian Dioscorea. Caucasian Dioscorea grows in the western regions of the Transcaucasus, is listed in the Red Book. Dioscorea Nippon grows in the Far East. It contains steroid saponins, from which hormone preparations are obtained.
Dioscorea ordinary. Botanical illustration from the book of O.V. Tome "Flora von Deutschland, Österreich und der Schweiz", 1885.
Grassy vine can reach a length of 5 meters. It is a perennial climbing plant. Root fleshy, growing down, spreading the side roots. The leaves are heart-shaped, flowers are small, yellowish-white, inconspicuous. Fruits of spherical shape, bright red, ripen from July to October, depending on the climatic zone. Highly poisonous, they are strictly forbidden to be ingested in any form.
Harvest tap root vine, less often - seeds and young leaves. The best time for harvesting is autumn (September-October). Although some herbalists indicated that the root can be dug out in early spring. Contact with the toxic juice of the lianas can cause burns, so they wear gloves when collecting and preparing for drying. The root is cut into thin plates, dried in natural conditions (without access of light!) Or in dryers at a low temperature.
Medicinal properties of Adam's root:
- pain killer
- wound healing
- blood cleaning,
- fatty acid,
- organic acids (in particular, formic, oxalic),
The high content of saponins is beneficial in that these substances interact with cholesterol and blood proteins. And this in turn prevents the appearance of plaques and chronic diseases of the arteries.
List of indications
What does the plant treat? What are the indications for its use in folk and scientific medicine?
- Treatment of varicose veins and thrombophlebitis. Adam root strengthens the venous walls, prevents the increase in nodes, provides a normal outflow of blood, reduces puffiness, reduces inflammation.
- Heart and vessels. Refers to mild hypotensive herbal remedies. Reduces pressure, normalizes the work of the heart. Assign in the rehabilitation period after a stroke.
- Muscles, joints and spine. The list of indications includes such diagnoses: gout, rheumatism, sciatica, osteochondrosis, bruises, sprains, heel spurs, polyarthritis, bursitis, muscle strain, sciatica. The drug relieves inflammation, swelling and pain.
- Digestive organs. It helps with liver cirrhosis, gastric ulcer, colitis, hemorrhoids. It acts as a laxative for chronic constipation.
- Respiratory system . Drink from cold and ORVI as a fortifying agent. It also helps with influenza virus (acts as an antiviral drug), bronchitis, tuberculosis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma, pleurisy.
- Urinary system . Broths and tincture contribute to the removal of excess fluid, help with inflammation of the kidneys and bladder.
- Benefit for men. Restores male power. Most often from impotence take alcohol tinctures a long course. It is better to resort to complex herbal medicine.
- Benefit for women. Beneficial effect on the reproductive system, restores hormones, so they drink to conceive. Other indications for use: ovarian cyst, proliferation of the endometrium outside the layer, hormonal disruptions, polyps.
- External use of Adam's root. Promotes rapid healing of tissues, heals bruises, hematomas, bruises, bruises. Water broths and tamus powder are also used to treat warts, skin rashes in case of psoriasis, eczema, dermatitis, pigmentation spots. Alcohol tinctures are used in the form of rubbing and compresses for diseases of the joints, muscle pain. It is useful to rinse with infusion hair - for strengthening and rapid growth.
Application and cooking at home
Recipes from the Adam's root are collected in ancient herbalists and modern fitoposchechnikah. It is important to stick to the dosage and remember that Adam root is poisonous. Allowed to take infusions and tinctures inside for one month, after which you must take a break in treatment.
What is the use of Adam root in modern pharmacology? Drugs based on it are dispensed without a prescription and do not belong to medicines. The Caucasian Dioscorea is officially registered in the pharmacopoeia, and the Dioscorea ordinary (Adam's root) refers to dietary supplements. What do phyto-pharmacies offer?
- Balm It has a warming, soothing, anti-inflammatory effect. Well helps with bruises, sprains, inflammations of joints, muscles and nerves. It improves blood circulation, joint mobility, relieves muscle tension. In its composition, except for Adam's root: fir, pine oil, mustard.
- Alcohol tincture. Apply inwardly and externally. The instructions indicate the daily dose: 75 drops of tincture. It is recommended to be diluted in a small amount of water, taken half an hour after meals, not more than 3 times a day. The course of treatment lasts 30 days. After a two-week break, the treatment is repeated according to indications and doctor's recommendations.
- Dry raw materials. It is better to purchase from certified manufacturers of medicinal fees to avoid counterfeiting. Homemade infusions and tinctures, powder for skin treatment, are prepared from chopped dried root.
Herbalists most often described recipes tinctures with vodka, but you can also use high-quality alcohol 40%.
Preparation of tincture Adam's root
- Take 200 g of raw materials.
- Pour ½ liter of vodka.
- Insist 2 weeks, shake regularly.
To prepare and store the tincture you need to choose an opaque glass container. The root loses its beneficial properties when exposed to light. This tincture because of the high concentration is used only externally. Other proportions are recommended for internal use: for ½ liter of vodka - 100 g of dry raw materials. Instead of vodka, you can use dry wine. Wine tinctures are useful for diseases of the urinary system. Honey is also added to the tinctures.
Recipe for tincture of an intervertebral hernia
- Take 1 tbsp. l dry raw materials.
- Pour 500 ml of alcohol (preferably 70%).
- Insist 10 days.
Bred 1 tbsp. l in 50 ml of water, take no more than 3 times a day. The same recipe tincture Adam's root is useful for joints, with cervical, thoracic, lumbar osteochondrosis.
Against varicose veins, it is better to combine tamus with horse chestnut and Japanese Sophora. You can prepare an oil extract of Dioscorea ordinary and rub it into the skin and joints, with back pain. From butter (300 g), honey (300 g) and root powder (30 g) prepare an ointment. It is rubbed with convulsions of the calf muscles, bruises, sprains, varicose veins. You can also take orally for 1 tsp. after eating in the treatment of bronchitis, pneumonia, bronchial asthma.
Water infusions give less side effects while respecting the dosage. This dosage form is recommended for all the listed symptoms and diagnoses.
- Take 1/2 tsp. dry shredded root.
- Pour a glass of boiling water.
- Insist 2 hours.
Drink half an hour after eating 1 tbsp. l three times a day. Also used externally.
A lot of positive feedback about the action of poultices from Adam's root. Most often they are used for rheumatic, muscle pain, spurs, sciatic nerve diseases, sprains and bruises, skin problems.
- Take 2 tbsp. l crushed raw materials.
- Fill with boiling water.
- Leave it to steam for 5 minutes.
Hot grass wrapped in cotton cloth or gauze and applied to the sore spot for several hours. Such procedures can be done 2 times a day.
The root of Adam in folk medicine is a plant of first choice for diseases of the joints and circulatory disorders. Also, the plant is used in the treatment of female diseases, hemorrhoids, inflammation of the respiratory organs, SARS and influenza, complications after a stroke, to increase potency in men. Outwardly used for bruises, bruises, sprains, psoriasis, eczema, warts, trophic ulcers.
Read more about the plant
Tamus ordinary, or Adam's root, is a perennial dioecious herbaceous plant of the dioscoreae family. Under natural conditions, it grows in mountain forests - most often chestnut and beech forests. Distributed in European countries, the Caucasus and Central Asia. Sometimes this plant is grown for the purpose of landscaping, because it is resistant to low temperatures. Other names for the Adamic root are white overstep, white briony, fiery, serpentine, or greasy root.
Tamus has the form of a creeping vine with several stems, the length can be up to five meters. There are antennae on the stems: they are necessary for the plant to be held on a support.
Tamus flowers are small, yellow-green, collected in axillary brush. Their appearance is noted in April and lasts until June. The fruits of the Adam's root have the appearance of red round-shaped berries with a diameter of about 10 millimeters. Fruiting begins in July and ends in September. Each berry contains round seeds of a reddish or dark brown shade in the amount of 3-6 pieces.
Core massive root of brown shade on the outside and white inside is characterized by a juicy, oily consistency. The length of the root can be up to 1 meter, and weight - up to 15 kilograms.
The leaves are egg-shaped with jagged edges and long petioles, their length reaches 10 centimeters. They have a rough surface. The leaves are alternately arranged on the stem.
When growing tamus in artificial conditions, it is necessary to take into account that this plant prefers moist, well-drained soil. For planting it is advisable to choose a shaded area. Adam root can be grown in sunny places only if the proper level of soil moisture is maintained.
The plant must be watered as the top layer of soil dries. Since tamus likes moisture, the stalk area needs to be mulched, but the mulch should not acidify the soil. Feeding the Adam's root is not necessary, but lime should be added to the soil periodically. When the onset of cold weather tamus cover is not necessary. The ground part of the plant dies off in the autumn, so it is necessary to cut off the shoots to the level of the root before winter.
Tincture of Adam's RootThe healing properties of the adam root (tamus) are well known in folk and traditional medicine. It is used in the form of tinctures and ointments for various diseases, the root is especially effective in:
- bruises, sprains, sprains,
- vein inflammation,
- stomach ulcer,
- inflammation of the appendages,
- eczema, psoriasis,
Such extensive possibilities of the root in the treatment of ailments is caused by the presence in its composition of useful acids, alkaloids, nitrogen compounds, coumarins, fatty and essential oils, tannins, lipids, carbohydrates, micro and macronutrients.
Use mainly the root. This is the main component for the preparation of tinctures, decoction and ointment, as well as powder. Depending on the purpose of the drug, different recipes for which they are prepared.
Popular recipes tincture of adam root for the treatment of joints
For pain in the joints, back and spine, tincture is applied, prepared from 200 g of chopped dry root, which is poured over 500 ml. vodka and aged for a week. The medicine is rubbed into the skin on the painful part of the body.
It is also good to reduce the pain to use fresh root boiled in boiling water. It is still hot wrapped in cloth and make warm compresses to the site of pain.
For gynecological diseases (inflammation of the ovaries, cyst), take 30 grams of chopped root and pour 500 ml of alcohol, incubate for 10 days and use 1 table spoon three times a day according to the scheme: 10 days of treatment, the same amount of rest. Drink is necessary to obtain the desired result.
If the urinogenital system is ill, the tincture is prepared on dry red wine, in a ratio of 100 grams of adam root and 700 ml of wine. Preparing the drug for 4-5 days. Use no more than 20 ml per day, well divided into three doses.
To restore after a stroke of Adam stroke, the root is drawn on vodka in the proportion of 1 tablespoon and 300 ml of vodka. Consume inside after eating in the morning and evening.
Also an excellent tool for internal use for stomach ulcers and asthma, is a mixture of root, well chopped (you can grind in a meat grinder or blender) and butter with honey. All existing components are taken in equal quantities. Everything mixes up. Store in a cool place in a closed container. Dosage - 1 teaspoon 3-4 times daily before meals.
If you mix the crushed root with boric ointment, then you can get rid of warts and eczema by this means.
In diseases of the lower extremities, Adam root is used for rubbing, lotions and compresses. For this purpose, use a specific decoction for the joints or infusion of alcohol.
For example, take 400 grams of raw material, finely chop and add 1000 ml of alcohol. The composition is placed in a dark closet and shaken daily for 14 days. The resulting elixir is rubbed on the knees, feet, woolen socks, knees are tied with a scarf. It is preferable to do rubbing at night. For joints it is useful to warm up well. The finished medicine can be used for three years, with proper storage, but if possible, it is better to make a fresh infusion every year, its effectiveness is much higher.
For the joints and prepare a decoction of plant components and water for internal use. According to the recipes of our grandmothers, a spoon of the preparation is taken and 250 ml of boiled water is poured, the composition is boiled on a steam bath for 30 minutes. To avoid evaporation, cover with a lid. After remove from heat and brew for another half an hour. Drink a decoction for the joints in 30 ml at a time, no more than three times a day.
Tamus tincture is contraindicated for pregnant, lactating mothers and children under three years of age.
Do not neglect the advice of a doctor, which can reveal even hidden intolerance to the components of a plant.
Biological features and distribution
The plant is found in beech and chestnut forests of southern latitudes. It grows in the mountainous areas of the Caucasus, Crimea, Turkey, Moldova and the Black Sea. As can be seen in the photo, it has a liana-shaped stem up to five meters in height, large leaves of a heart-shaped form and inconspicuous flowers of light green color.
Tubers of brown color grow up to a meter in length and can be up to 15 kg in older plants. On the cut, the fleshy root has whitish flesh and oily structure. The berries are saturated red in color at the base of the stem under the leaves, they contain toxic substances and are not used in medicine.
There is a legend that explains the structure and healing properties of the plant. In Paradise, Adam stumbled and severely injured his leg. Eve decided to cure him, but did not know how to do it. A small spine caught the girl's eyes, she dug it out and put it to the wound.Adam quickly went on the mend, and the plant has since begun to reach for the sky and has acquired the name Adam's root. Indeed, in folk recipes, rhizomes of a plant are more often used, less often its leaves and stems.
Bryonium is harvested at the beginning of autumn, when the fruits ripen. At the same time, it is necessary to use closed clothes to prevent irritating action on the skin of the poisonous plant sap. Rhizomes are dug out, thoroughly washed with running water, cut into thin plates and dried in a warm shaded place. Crumble the tubers on a plastic grater or a stainless steel knife. This prevents the oxidation of substances in the composition of the pulp and their premature destruction. Raw materials are stored in a refrigerator in a glass container wrapped in foil.
Useful properties and indications for use
The composition of the cross includes many nutrients:
- alkaloids and steroids,
- glycosides and saponins (brionin),
- fatty and essential oils,
- carotenoids (lycopene, lipoxanthin),
- polysaccharides and amino acids,
- oxalic and formic acid.
Due to the high content of beneficial substances, dosage forms based on the Adam's root have the following properties:
In folk medicine, the step has wide application in the treatment of internal and external diseases:
- radiculitis, rheumatism, gout, osteochondrosis,
- cystitis, pyelonephritis, adnexitis, prostatitis,
- pneumonia, bronchitis, pleurisy, pulmonary tuberculosis,
- gastritis, gastric and intestinal ulcers, hemorrhoids,
- arthritis, arthrosis, bursitis,
- varicose veins, hematomas and bruises,
- hypertension, the state after strokes and heart attacks,
- skin diseases, long non-healing wounds, warts.
Treatment of Bile and Joint Diseases
A dry, chopped tuber in the amount of 35 grams is placed in a half-liter jar of medicinal alcohol, tightly closed with a capron lid and infused for 18 days in a dark place. The filtered product is taken in 40 drops in a small amount of water after each meal. Long-term treatment courses - at least 3-4 months.
Mix the finely chopped root and a bottle of vodka, seal the container tightly and hold for at least a week in a cool place. Used as a rubbing as required on the affected areas with radiculitis, sciatica and osteochondrosis.
Diseases of the genital and urinary organsFinely chopped tubers in the amount of 10 grams pour 240 ml of water, boil for a quarter of an hour and leave for 70-80 minutes. Strained infusion drink after meals 3-4 times a day. Conduct several three-week courses with breaks of 10-12 days.
A liter bottle of dry red wine is mixed with 125 grams of rhizome. Leave the drug in a shaded cool place for 4-6 days, shaking occasionally. Drink several large sips three times a day on a full stomach. The recommended course of 18-22 days, if necessary, repeat the treatment.
States after heart attacks and strokes, hypertension
In the rehabilitation period and with an increase in blood pressure take a tuber tincture, which is prepared from 25 grams of raw materials and half a liter of medical alcohol. The resulting product is kept for at least 20 days in a shaded cool place. Take 22-25 drops twice a day on a full stomach, drinking warm water. Several monthly courses are conducted with a two-week break.
Hematomas and varicose veins55 grams of root powder is poured into the floor of a liter bottle of vegetable oil. The resulting remedy is insisted in the refrigerator for 13-15 days.
Applied as a rubbing on the affected veins of the lower extremities, as well as for the treatment of hematomas and bruises. On fresh bruises put the tuber, pre-scalded with boiling water and wrapped in clean gauze.
It has a hemostatic and analgesic effect, improves the healing of damaged tissues.
Fine rhizome powder is sprinkled on fresh wounds and inflammatory skin lesions to improve healing under a sterile dressing. For the treatment of dermatitis and eczema, as well as getting rid of warts, raw materials are mixed with 3% boric ointment. Lubricate the affected areas of the body three times a day until complete recovery of the skin.
- Individual intolerance of the substances that make up the herb.
- Severe renal and heart failure.
- Children under 6 years old.
- Pregnancy, breastfeeding.
Before using a medicinal herb, it must be remembered that it may irritate the mucous membrane of the digestive tract and cause skin burns. Therefore, one should strictly adhere to the recipe of preparation and the time of exposure to the affected areas of the body.
Before use, it is recommended to test for an allergic reaction. To do this, put the substance on the back surface of the brush. If redness appears within a minute after the onset of exposure to the agent, the use of Adam's root should be abolished.
Description and distribution
This representative of the flora of the dioecious species is called the Latin tamus communis (common tamus). Due to the widespread use of Adam's root in traditional medicine, it is variously called, the most recognizable - inaccessible, lepsura, water, fire root. We will understand what is Adam root and how it looks.
It is a perennial creeper consisting of several shoots that are more than 3 m high. They have thorns and whiskers, thanks to them the tamus rises. Sheets rough to the touch, bright green color, in a form remind heart. They consist of five parts and not more than 10 cm in length. In early summer, inflorescences of white flowers appear on the liana with a slightly noticeable shade of yellow, they bloom for about a month. Of these, by the middle of summer green berries appear first, ripening, have a bright red color, and when they reach out, they turn black to a centimeter in diameter. The plant has a very powerful root system. The rhizome of the tuberiform, thick and powerful can reach in weight up to 15 kg, and the processes of a meter of length. Inside the root is white-yellow, and outside pink-brown.
In nature, in most cases, beech, beech-oak and hornbeam-ash-oak forests and shrubs located in the foothill and mountainous areas are found. Habitat is very wide. The plant is often found in Asia and Europe, in Iran and Turkey, finely ground in the South Caucasus and Transcaucasia, common in the Crimea.
Due to the huge amount of nutrients that are in the Adam's root, it has been used since ancient times for the treatment of many systems of the human body. Tamus preparations are used externally and internally for the treatment of diseases:
- musculoskeletal system - osteochondrosis and osteoarthrosis, sciatica, arthritis in various forms, gout, trauma, rheumatism, bursitis,
- genitourinary system - cystitis, prostatitis, various diseases of female gynecology,
- respiratory system - inflammation of the lungs and tuberculosis, bronchitis, pleurisy,
- cardiovascular system - hypertension, post-stroke and post-infarction conditions,
- circulatory system - thrombophlebitis, varicose veins,
- skin - bruises, abrasions, wounds, warts, boils, ulcers and eczema.
Use in official medicine
Tamus is not officially a medicinal plant, but nevertheless you can find several drugs in pharmacies, the main component of which it is. This is a spirit tincture of Adam's root, which is used both externally and inward. In many cases, it is suitable for the treatment of skin diseases and the musculoskeletal system, and is used internally as a drug of broad spectrum.
On sale there is a balm "Adam's root and mustard", which is used for compresses and chafing. It is used to treat virtually all diseases of the musculoskeletal system, urinary system, lungs, and skin. In pharmacies, you can buy Adam Root Yohimbe capsules, which can be used by men with sexual dysfunction. Tamus is a part of Balsam Golden Us plus Tamus, which is used to treat diseases of the musculoskeletal system, muscles and skin.
Recipes of traditional medicine
In folk medicine there are several recipes for the preparation of tamus remedies for the treatment of ailments. Recipe tinctures for joints with the basis of Adam's root such. 200 g of roots and 0.5 l of vodka are placed in a darkened glass container. The mixture is stirred and infused in the dark from five days to two weeks. After that, it is used for rubbing, compresses, lotions wrapping after sore spots. There is a recipe for making an infusion on vodka with an Adam's root, which after three courses of administration is effective for treating heart attacks and strokes. Mix 300 ml of vodka with one tablespoon of roots, insist for at least 10 days, then strain and take 25 drops a day, twice a meal. You can add drops in half a glass of water.
It is known that a mixture consisting of half a liter of 50 or 60 percent alcohol and a tablespoon of tamus, infused in the dark for 10 days, is effective in treating diseases of female gynecology. For cysts and other inflammations like a woman, you need to add one tablespoon of tincture to the water and drink it three times a day. It is better to do it after a meal in 30 minutes. Repeat three courses.
The recipe for bladder treatment is this. In a liter of wine, preferably dry, add 100 g of the root, insist for three days and drink a tablespoon a day three times.
In case of cancer of the endometrium and polyps, half a teaspoonful of powder from the roots of tamus pour a glass of boiling water, insist three hours and drink three times a day. At the first disease after a three-month admission is a week break. Need to drink three courses. As an anesthetic, you can scald with boiling water and wrap the root in a cloth and apply it on the affected areas. To heal any wounds faster, they can be powdered with tamus powder. Adding it to the boric ointment, you can smear eczema and warts to achieve the effect.
To treat the organs of the respiratory system, powder from tamus is mixed with honey and butter, eaten one teaspoon three times a day.
Collection, preparation and storage of medical raw materials
Adam root is collected in places where it grows, before or after the flowering of the plant, that is, in early spring or late autumn. It is well washed and cut into plates, which are dried in the shade in a warm ventilated place. When ready, the raw materials are collected and stored in tightly closed glass jars for two years. You can, after clearing from the ground and washing, grate the root on a plastic grater and, distributing into portions, store in a freezer. After get it and use for lotions.
Contraindications and harm
Adam root is contraindicated for use in children under three years of age and those who do not individually tolerate the drug. Also in the form of tincture it should not be used by pregnant women and nursing mothers. Tamus tincture may be harmful if taken in excess of the recommended doses. As a result, vomiting, diarrhea and other disorders of the gastrointestinal tract may occur.
With caution, tincture of the adam root should be used by people with cancer.
When applied topically, the drug may cause redness and allergic skin reactions.
Acquaintance with the tamus or the Adam's root gives grounds for the statement that he himself and his tincture can be widely used in everyday life to treat many ailments. The spectrum of the plant is very wide, so it can be noted as a universal preparation for all diseases. The main thing - to do everything right in the preparation and take in moderation.