Schizanthus or Schizantus (Schizanthus) is an incredibly beautiful and exquisite plant. His homeland is considered South America and southern Africa. Schisanthus belongs to the family Solanaceae.
The beauty of this culture will amaze even the most experienced grower. No wonder the culture is compared to the exquisite and many beloved orchid. Because of the visual similarity, the plant is often referred to as the “poor man's orchid”. However, schizantus has one advantage over the orchid - it is less whimsical, not so capricious, and not the most experienced grower can grow it, although there are still difficulties in growing the plant.
Schizanthus has a rich flowering. By its nature, this flower is a perennial, or more precisely, a two-year flower, but in the conditions of central Russia it is grown as an annual.
The leaves and stems are covered with hairs. The flowering period is long - from May to the first frost. Ornaments to the plant give the flowers of the most exotic, varied colors. They can be white, red, pink, purple and yellow. In addition, the petals are often patterns, specks and shtrishki. The flowers themselves are shaped like butterflies, for which the schizantus has received another popular name - “butterfly flower”.
A variety of varieties allows you to choose the desired variety of plant height, the color of the petals.
The height of the culture varies from 30 cm to 1 meter. Schizantus is very beloved by insects - bees and butterflies. Culture is used in landscape design, can become an ornament to any garden plot.
The genus includes 12 species. The most common:
- Graham (S. Grahamii) - It is an annual plant about 60 cm high. The flowers have a purple color with a pinkish tinge. On the petals there are numerous spots of yellow and touches of purple. Thanks to breeding works, varieties of this variety with pink, white and purple flowers appeared. The stem has a strong branching. Clans is a species from the mountainous regions of Chile,
- Cirrus (S. Pinnatus) - one-year variety. Plant height does not exceed 50 cm. Small flowers form inflorescences in the form of brushes. The inflorescences are shaped like an orchid. Species flower color - purple. However, varietal forms are bred with white and hot pink flowers. Also in the center of the flower and at the base of the lower petal there are numerous specks and strokes,
- Wiseton (S. Wisetonensis) - This is a hybrid version of Graham and Peristone schizantus. It grows no higher than 60 cm. The flowers have an irregular shape, their diameter is about 2 cm. They are pink in color and all shades of this color can also be white. This is the most popular garden species, which is characterized by incredible showiness and beauty.
Breeders please flower lovers with a variety of schisantus varieties.
Angel Wings - This is a varietal variety of the schisantus of Vizeton. The height of this annual does not exceed 40 cm. Small flowers (about 2 cm in diameter) form inflorescences, located on the tops of the stems. With proper care, flowering is so abundant that it is difficult to see the stem behind the flowers. This is an elegant set of various colors: white, pink, carmine, violet. Flowering is long - from May to September. The grade can be grown up in flower beds, and also in flowerpots and containers. Suitable for growing in ambient conditions.
Monarch - This is a one-year variety mixture. The height of erect stems does not exceed 40 cm. Small flowers of irregular shape (about 2 cm in diameter) form inflorescences, which are located on the tops of the stems. Coloring: red, carmine, pink, cream. Flowering is long and abundant. It blooms from May to frosts. The variety can be grown in open ground in flower beds and flower beds, as well as in containers.
Piccolo - This is a one-year variety of Schizanthus Cirrus. It grows no more than 45 cm. Numerous small flowers are collected in apical inflorescences, which have the shape of brushes. Petals can have a cream, pink, raspberry color. The grade is applied to cultivation in flower beds and flowerpots. Flowering is long - from May to September.
Fiji - elegant exotic variety. Stems form a pyramidal bush. Flowering is abundant, flowers tightly cover the stems. They have a tubular shape, diameter - no more than 2 cm. Colors: white, pink, purple. On the petals there are many stripes and specks. Flowers form inflorescences in the form of panicles. Fiji is a great option for flower garden, rock garden or growing in containers.
F1 hybrid mix - This is a Viseton schisantus. This is an annual, its height is not more than 55 cm. The bloom is numerous and long - from the beginning of July to September. Small, no more than 2 cm in diameter, the flowers form inflorescences in the form of panicles. Colors: cream, pink, crimson with numerous patterns on the petals. Hybrid mix can be used for decoration of flower beds and rabatok, prefers the sun.
Growing from seed
How to plant schisantus seedlings at home or immediately in open ground?
Growing a seed culture is not difficult, it is enough to do it right. cultivation is possible in two ways:
- Sowing seeds for seedlings,
- Sowing seeds in open ground.
How and when to sow seeds for seedlings?
Sow seeds for seedlings can be either in the spring or autumn. In spring, this is done at the end of March or at the beginning of April. In this case, the flowers will bloom around July. If you sow the seeds in the fall - in September, then you can enjoy the flowers by the end of May.
Soil for sowing should be used lightweight with good water permeability. In addition, the substrate must be rich in nutrients. Seeds are recommended to deepen about 3 mm into the ground. The seedlings should be kept at about 18 degrees Celsius. Seed germination usually occurs at night. Germination period is about 3 weeks. Crops are required to cover the black film.
With the arrival of warm days, boxes with crops are recommended to be put on well-lit places in the apartment - either on the south window or on the balcony, where a lot of sunlight gets. A pick of the seedlings will be required when at least three true leaves appear.
In the open ground seedlings are planted when blowjob threat of night frost. The distance between seedlings should be at least 25 cm.
If you sow the seeds in the autumn, the flowering can be seen in May. At the same time, it is recommended to keep crops in a cool place with plenty of sunshine in winter. If necessary, you can dosvechivat using artificial lighting. If some shoots seem sluggish and weak, they do not need to be thrown away. You just have to wait for the moment when they get stronger and plant in a flower bed. Strangely enough, it is from such shoots that the most beautiful and abundantly flowering plants are obtained.
Application in landscape design
Schizanthus due to its spectacular appearance and long flowering is actively used by landscape designers for decorating gardens.
It can be used both in single and in group plantings. Also, the plant can be planted in the foreground of flower beds and flower beds. In addition, the schisantus can become an adornment of the alpine slide or rock arias.
Culture is perfect for planting in flowerpots, including hanging, containers and balcony boxes. This is especially true for undersized varieties. Shizantus able to decorate the corners of rest, verandas and terraces.
Photo schizantus planted in outdoor pots.
Combined with such cultures:
Photos on the flowerbed and in the flower beds:
When to plant schisantus seedlings?
It is better to grow seedlings from seeds, because when sown in open ground flowering occurs later.
To obtain the earliest flowering sowing of seedlings on seedlings carried out in the fall (early September). When sowing on seedlings in spring (March-April), flowering will occur by the middle of summer. Experienced growers recommend sowing on seedlings several times during the period September-April, maintaining a period of 4 weeks - you will achieve continuous flowering of schisantus on the site.
Schizanthus of seeds at home photo shoots
Fill the container with loose nutrient soil. Spread the seeds over the surface, lightly sprinkle with sand. Cover crops with film or glass. Put in a dark place, keep the air temperature between 15 and 23 ° C. Germination will take 2-3 weeks. When 2 true leaves appear, spread out in separate pots (1-3 seedlings in one container).
Schisantus seedling ready for planting
Pinch the tops of the shoots twice: with a height of 8 and 16 cm. "Autumn" seedlings winters in a lighted, cool place. In the spring, keep the air temperature at 16-18 ° C. Before planting in the open ground gradually accustom to direct sunlight. Do not get rid of weak seedlings: most often they give the most original flowering color. Landing in open ground spend in late April and early May.
How to plant seedlings in the ground
How to plant schisantus seedlings in the ground photo
- Planted seedlings are planted in pre-prepared wells, a little larger in comparison with the volume of the horse system of plants. At the bottom of the hole is desirable to put a handful of humus.
- Trying to land, maintaining the level of the root collar.
- Transfer the plants along with the earthy ball.
- Keep a distance between plants of 25 cm - for undersized, 40 cm - for medium, up to 70 cm - for tall.
- For tall bushes need support.
Reproduction schisantus cuttings
Vegetatively schizantus reproduce rarely.
At the end of the summer you can cut the cuttings. Root in the tank with sand-peat mixture. In the spring transplant the cuttings in open ground.
You can also dig a bush in the fall, plant it in a pot and keep it until spring. Then cut the cuttings and root immediately in open ground.
Site selection and ground
Choose a sunny plot for the plant.
The soil requires nutrient, drained. In depleted soil for digging make compost and slightly rotted manure.
Watering requires balanced: waterlogging or overdrying of the earthy coma is equally destructive for the plant. Water as the topsoil dries. Bring the water gently under the root so that the water does not fall on the soft inflorescences.
After watering, loosen the soil, regularly remove weeds.
Feed complex mineral fertilizers. From planting to flowering, do monthly, then every week, but add a dose of half the concentration. To make the bloom brighter, it is recommended to focus on phosphate fertilizer before starting it.
Diseases and pests
Diseases and pests schisantus photo of flowers in the garden
- Anthracnose - brown spots appear on the leaves. This happens due to high humidity, lack of potassium or phosphorus in the soil or high acidity of the soil.
- Pytioz (root rot) - the causes are over-wetting of the soil or overdose of nitrogen supplements.
- Late blight - leaves are covered with spots, bloom of brown color.
It is necessary to remove the damaged areas and treat them with a fungicide.
From pests can disturb thrips, aphid, whitefly. Treat the plant with insecticide.
Schizanthus Graham Schizanthus grahamii
Schizanthus Graham Schizanthus grahamii photo
Plant height is 60 cm. The stem is hard, well-branched. The petals are colored bright purple or pink, with yellow spots and purple lines. Flowers are located on the tops of the shoots and in the leaf axils. In hybrid forms, flowers have a white, red, purple color.
Schizanthus pinnate Schizanthus pinnatus
Schizanthus pinnate Schizanthus pinnatus photo
Reaches a height of 45 cm, branches less active. Numerous flowers are collected in the apical raceme. Petals are most often painted in purple with purple spots.
Schizantus of Viseton Schizanthus wisetonensis
Schizantus of Viseton Schizanthus wisetonensis photo
The hybrid form obtained by crossing the two previous species. The plant reaches a height of 80 cm, the stem branches well. The diameter of the corolla is about 2 cm. The flowers are collected in the apical thick racemose, the color is varied.
Schizanthus Angel Wings Schizanthus candidus Lindl
Schizantus angel wings growing from seed photo
Schizanthus Angel Wings has a pure white color of petals resembling angel wings. But breeders have already bred and multi-colored varieties, which are usually sold mix, so the club has all the shades of bright colors.
Schisantus varieties deserve attention: hookers, alpestris, parfilus, littoralis, Angel Wings, Fiji, Monarch, Pikollo.
Schizantus in landscape design
Schizantus in landscape design photo
The schizantus looks most advantageous in the foreground of the flower bed and closer to the paths - so that it is possible to examine the oddity of the color of the petals. Good for landing on alpine slides, in rockeries.
Low-growing varieties are planted in pots, containers for decorating balconies and terraces.
Suitable neighbors will be: petunias, lobelia, alissum, chamomile, phlox, pelargonium, foxglove.
The homeland of the schisantus (or schizantus) - South America and South Africa, this is where this lush biennial is a very common wild plant. The plant is very branched with many small flowers. Many of his flowers resemble an orchid. In this case, the petals of flowers are painted in bright juicy colors with a variety of patterns of dots and dashes.
In our area, the schizantus has not yet gained wide distribution, but many gardeners are already paying their attention to this plant.
In the wild, there are 15 types of schizantus, but man uses in design only the most beautiful of them. The most common for disembarking are the following types:
- Cirrus Schizantus - it grows up to 45 cm in height, does not branch so much compared with other species, but on the other hand there are many racemes at the ends of its branches. Its flowers are most often violet and have purple blotches. The species is also used to create various hybrids of this plant.
- Schizanthus Graham - this flower grows to 60 centimeters, it is very branched, and the stems of this plant are tough. Flower petals are colored pink or light purple, they are literally covered with yellow spots and purple lines. If this type of plant is used for hybridization, then the result is white, red and purple flowers.
- Vizetonsky shizantus. This plant is a hybrid of the feathery schisantus and Graham's schizantus. From these two species, the flower took over the best qualities: it grows to 80 centimeters, it is strongly branched and has an abundance of flowers on its branches. Both the leaves and the petals of the flowers have a subtle, rugged shape, and in size the average flower reaches 2 centimeters in diameter.
These are the most common species of this flower, which grow in gardeners. Consider how you can grow this plant from seed.
This flower is very fond of sunny places, so it is best to plant it on a site with intense daylight.
In order for the plant to grow beautiful, you need to plant it in fertilized, loosened soil.
Schizantus is planted at a distance of 25 centimeters between seedlings and buried sprouts to a depth of 10 centimeters.
In order for the plant to grow well and bloom profusely, you need to carefully consider the soil in which it will be planted. It is best to plant a flower in chernozem.
The ground should be moderately moist, for a more vibrant color of the flower it is better to fertilize the soil with phosphate fertilizers.
Schizanthus does not tolerate high and low temperatures, the best option for this flower is the range of +15. +24 degrees.
This flower needs moderate watering, so that the soil is not too dry or wet. Watering the schisantus should be carefully, a stream of water to direct under the root, so as not to damage the fragile flowers.
Shizantus needs moist air and does not tolerate dryness. The most optimal humidity will be 70-80%.
In the active period of growth, which falls in the spring and summer, the plant is fed complex fertilizers. Such fertilizers include nitrogen, phosphoric acid and potassium.
In the spring, the frequency of feeding is reduced to once every two weeks, and during flowering the plant is fertilized once every seven days. But during the period of active growth, it is necessary to reduce their concentration, thus feeding the plant more often, but with a smaller amount of fertilizer.
Many gardeners want to extend the wonderful flowering of the schisantus. If after the flower blooms for the first time, you cut it, then after three weeks it will begin to bloom even stronger.
Shizantus is a biennial plant that cannot winter on the street. To save a flower, it is worth moving it to the house. In the spring, you can again plant it in a flower bed.
In landscape design and combination with other plants
При формировании клумбы с этими цветами их всегда высаживают на передний план, ведь кустистые цветки выглядят очень ярко и красиво. На уличных клумбах высокие схизантусы окружают лобелиями, крестовниками и алиссумом.
The main rule of the neighborhood of this flower is that it should be planted next to plants that love moisture. Low shizantusa types are planted in pots and they decorate the terraces and balconies.
Difficulties in growing
The main problem that occurs during the cultivation of this flower is the drying of the sprout. This problem occurs in dry areas with a lack of watering.
The opposite problem is considered to be rotting schizantus due to an overabundance of moisture. Therefore, to keep the flower in order, you should carefully consider the humidity of the air in the room and the frequency of watering.
Diseases and pests
These flowers are characterized by such diseases as:
- Anthracnose - affects the plant with high humidity, high acidity of the soil, as well as a lack of potassium or phosphorus in the soil. You can notice it on the brown spots on the leaves of schizantus.
In order to prevent the development of diseases, you should regularly inspect the plant and immediately remove the affected leaves and stems, and treat the places of removal with a fungicide.
Among the pests include eternal aphid, whitefly and thrips. These insects are fought with insecticides. Do not be afraid to grow a schisantus in your flower bed. This unpretentious plant will not require excessive care from you, but it will perfectly decorate your flower garden.
Varieties, varieties of schisantus and flowers photos
In nature, there are about 15 wild species of schizantus, but only the most impressive ones are cultivated. Most often on sale there are three types.
- Schizanthus Graham grows up to 60 cm in height. It strongly branches, its stalks rather rigid. The flowers are painted in bright pink or purple, mottled with yellow spots and purple lines. Inflorescences are placed on the tops of the stems and in the leaf sinuses. This type of schisantus served as the basis for a variety of garden hybrids, the flowers of which may be white, and red, and purple.
- Schizanthus feathery reaches 45 centimeters height. Branches are not so active, but it can boast of many racemes on the tops. Most often, the flowers have a purple color with purple spots. It has also been used to create various multicolor hybrids.
- Schizantus of Viseton - the most spectacular and abundantly flowering hybrid of the feathery species and Graehem's schisantus, who took the best from their “progenitors”. The plant is strongly branched and is able to grow up to 80 cm in height. Both the leaves and the flowers have a characteristic elegant, rugged shape. Dense and frequent apical inflorescences may have a different color, flowers reach 2 cm in diameter.
Choosing a place for planting flowers Schizantus
Schizantus loves the bright sun, so choose a well-lit place for it. After all, with a lack of light, the plant is strongly drawn out and very poorly blooms.
Also for the successful development of the plant requires fertile, well-drained soil. If the soil is not nutritious, apply compost or some amount of rotted manure.
We recommend to read the article on our website, the perennial gypsophila and its cultivation from seeds, all the details here.
Planted schisantus with an interval of 25 cm between the bushes. If you do not keep a distance, the inflorescences of neighboring plants will cling to each other, preventing proper growth and reducing the decorative effect.
Schizantus care, watering and fertilizing
Shizantus requires standard moderate and uniform watering without waterlogging and drying - both can be detrimental to the plant. Watering should be carefully, under the root, so as not to crumple and not knock off delicate flowers with a water jet.
In the spring and summer, the schisantus is fed with fertilizers.
In the active period (spring and summer) the flower is fed with complex fertilizer. In the spring, this is done twice a month, and during flowering - once a week. However, during this period, the concentration of fertilizer should be reduced by half. It should be noted that it is recommended to start top dressing at the very early age of the schisantus: for home seedlings, top dressing is added to water.
Important! If before the beginning of flowering to add phosphoric dressing, the color of the petals will be brighter.
Otherwise, no special approach to the cultivation of schisantus is required. Regular weeding and periodic loosening of the soil under young bushes, watering and fertilizer is all that the plant needs for a beautiful full bloom.
The cultivation of schisantus from seed
Schizanthus is propagated by seeds, most often sowing is carried out in August or September. Schizantus seeds are sown in a container with a light sandy soil mixture, not buried, but lightly sprinkled with earth on top. Capacity covered with glass or film. When sprouts will get two leaves, they swoop on 1-3 seedlings in a separate pot. Then placed in a well-lit, but cool enough place for the winter (but the temperature should be "positive"). Schizantus is planted on seedlings in spring - in March or early April - but spring specimens bloom late (in the middle of summer) and not very magnificently.
Some growers sow seedlings several times, from September to April, maintaining an interval of 4 weeks. So they give the convenience of continuous flowering in the flower bed.
The optimum temperature for an active (non-wintering) seedling period is from +16 to +18. The air should be humid, watering - moderate. After the spring frosts, saplings are gradually taught to the open sun and then planted in the ground along with a whole earthy clod. As a rule, the landing of the schisantus in the ground falls at the end of April or the beginning of May. The stalks should be tied to the pegs so that the wind does not break them. Tops pinch for better branching.
Important! Do not reject weak seedlings - most likely their flowers will have the most unusual color.
Place of schisantus in landscape design
The flowers of the schisantus, though gathered in thick brushes, are themselves rather small. It is very spectacular. It is for this reason that the bushes of this plant are planted in the foreground of a flower bed, as well as closer to the paths - so that you can take a closer look at the bizarre pattern of petals. The plants themselves are quite tall, so they are usually surrounded by stunted fellows (for example, alissum). The main rule of the neighborhood: put a schisantus planted next to plants that love moisture. It happens that the schisantus is grown as a single landscape decoration - it looks so impressive.
Schizanthus is usually planted in the foreground of a flower bed.
Low species of schisantus are grown in pots - at home, on balconies and terraces. Often, several (3-4 pieces) seedlings are planted in wide tanks at once. In the flowerbeds they are surrounded by high lobelias, baptisers and other flowers.
Tunbergia, an interesting plant that can be grown both in the garden and at home, for details on the link http://cveti-rasteniya.ru/tunbergiya-virashivanie-iz-semyan.html
Schizantus is a non-capricious and very beautiful plant that deserves to become a bright accent on a bed of your backyard or in your homely floristic collection. He fascinates with his subtle and unique beauty, and even in the form cut off for a gift bouquet, he retains his beauty for a long time.
More about the flower
Flower Schizanthus comes from South Africa and South America. It is a richly flowering branchy biennial plant. It belongs to the family Pasanova. It has leaves and stem covered with small hairs. Blossoming buds are like wings, so the people have another name - “Flower-butterfly”, and one of the varieties is called “Angel Wings”.
The description of the flowers is very diverse due to the significant number of species of schisantus in the wild - 15, and even more varieties. Depending on the variety, the petals are decorated with distinctive patterns consisting of specks, dashes, specks, and have a bright juicy multi-colored color. It has a long flowering period - from May to October, when the first frosts begin.
The most popular types and varieties
Homes most often grow Schizanthus of the 3 most beautiful species:
- Graham Differs in strong branching and hard stem. In height reaches 60 cm. Petals are painted in purple with a pinkish tinge, light purple color with a scattering of yellow specks and purple lines. Hybrid specimens of lilac, white, and red were bred by selection.
- Pinnate. Annual, reaching a height of 45 cm. Not as branched as the others, but it is characterized by many inflorescences in the form of brushes located at the ends of the branches. The flowers are small, purple in color with purple patches in the form of spots and stripes in the middle of the flower and on the bottom leaf. Created hybrids of white and bright pink color.
- Viseton. The most popular among gardeners and gardeners because of their beauty, is a hybrid of Graham and Peristy, which absorbs all their best qualities. Height - from 60 to 80 cm. It has a large degree of branching and flower abundance. The leaves and petals have the original rugged shape, the flowers are painted in various shades of pink.
The following varieties of schisantus are most popular:
- Fiji - bushes in the shape of a pyramid with abundantly blooming lilac, pink or white inflorescences-panicles, impenetrably covering the stems,
- Monarch - variety mixture, plant with inflorescences at the ends of branches of irregularly shaped blood-red, cream, pink color,
- Angel Wings - a small (up to 40 cm) plant of the Viseton type with lush apical inflorescences of small flowers of white, pink, pomegranate, purple shades, behind which it is difficult to see the stem.
A huge choice of varieties of schisantus makes it possible to choose a suitable plant for a home or garden plot for every taste.
It is the preferred breeding method.
Important! For planting any schizantus, be it “Angel Wings”, “Piccolo” or any other variety, it is necessary to use only fresh seeds in order to avoid low germination.
The optimum sowing time is spring or autumn. When growing schisantus in springtime, it is better to do this in the last days of March - the first days of April. If the “Angel Wings” land, it is advisable to land early - in the first days of March. Flowering should occur in the summer, in late June - early July.
In autumn, the most favorable sowing time is the last decade of August - the first decade of September. Flowers will appear in the last days of May.
Seeds need to be sown in a container filled with substrate, sprinkled with earth (layer thickness - about 3 mm). Cover the container with a piece of clear glass or polyethylene film. This will preserve moisture and create a greenhouse effect.
After 3-4 weeks, under all conditions of proper cultivation, the first shoots will appear. Most often this happens at night. When the seedlings appear on 2-3 full leaf, they need to be seated in separate pots for further branching. After the spring frosts pass, young sprouts can be planted on a garden bed in the open sky. The distance between the seedlings should be more than 25 cm, the depth of burrowing sprouts - about 10 cm.
Sowing seeds immediately in open beds
How to grow schisanthus from seeds immediately sown on open beds in the soil in the open? It is recommended to do this after passing frosts, in May - April. Planting and care are similar to the method of planting seedlings.
- well lit by daylight, as its lack reduces the intensity of the flowering of the schisantus,
- be well protected from strong winds
- do not have drafts.
If the climate of the area is too hot, it is desirable to sow the plant in partial shade. Favorable is the temperature range from +15 to + 24 ° C.
Open soil should be loosened, moderately moistened and fertilized with humus, compost, rotted manure. Well, if it will be added to the peat and sand. For more vivid, spectacular "Angel Wings", "Piccolo" and other colors, you can make phosphate fertilizer.
Planting material to disperse at a distance of 25 cm from each other. Otherwise, the schisantus loses its decorative effect. You can gently press the seeds to the soil.
Hint: to get the effect of continuous flowering in the garden, it is necessary to sow all the material not immediately, but gradually, taking breaks between plantings.
To extend the flowering time, it is necessary after the first flowering to trim a third of the existing shoots. After 3 weeks, new buds will appear. Withered inflorescences must be removed, otherwise seed boxes will interfere with the emergence of new buds.
Since the schisantus is a biennial, but it cannot withstand low temperatures, it is dug out for the winter and transferred to the room, and re-planted in the spring. In this regard, some growers choose a different path: they plant flowers in pots, pots that are brought home in late autumn.
Varieties and varieties
Schizantus or shizantus (Shizanthus) is still a rare guest in our gardens, but gradually his popularity is gaining momentum. Annual plant, has flowers of irregular shape of the most different colors. Various patterns are applied to the surface of the petals: specks, stripes and specks of different colors. The plant blooms from May to frost. In the wild, there are approximately 12 species of annual and biennial schisantus species, but in culture they grow Graham's schizantus, feathery schisantus and their hybrids.
Schizanthus Graham. Inflorescences most often purple. Plant height reaches 50 - 60 cm. The historical homeland of the plant is South America. Introduced into culture in 1831, now breeders have developed many varieties with different colors of flowers:
- Var. Lilacinus - has inflorescences of lilac color,
- Var. carmineus - with carmine flowers,
- Var. aibus - has a white color flowers.
Schizanthus feathery reaches a height of 45 cm. Cultivated since 1822, also has many varieties and garden forms of various colors.
Schizantus of Viseton. The most common and beautiful hybrid up to 70 cm in height, many varieties and varieties are derived:
- Brilliant - plant up to 40 cm high with flowers of carmine color,
- Rother Herold - up to 40 cm high, has large beautiful flowers of carmine color,
- ZwergBukett is a low variety with flowers of various colors barely reaching a height of 25 cm.
Attention. Also in the seed shops various varietal mixes of schisantus with different colors of flowers, which are selected according to plant height, are sold.
Planting and breeding schizantus
The shizantus is propagated by seeds in a seedling way. 1 g of seeds contains approximately 2000 pieces. From sowing to flowering plants usually takes 10 to 15 weeks. In the greenhouse for seedlings, seeds are sown from November to April. If you plant a plant with an interval of 3-4 weeks - this will allow you to get a continuous flowering.
Sow in boxes filled with a mixture of peat and clay. The seeds are very small, so they need to be lightly sprinkled or not sprinkled at all. Then put the boxes in a dark and warm place, previously covered them with glass or film. After a week, when the seeds sprout, the glass should be replaced with agrofibre for one week to maintain a stable air humidity.
After the appearance of two leaves, the plants dive, and a month later the schisantus is placed by transfer into individual pots. When the schisantus grows up, the pots should be moved apart so that the bushes do not touch each other.
Throughout the period of growing seedlings need to closely monitor watering. Do not overdry or pereuvlazhnyat substrate. Fertilizer should be added to the water from the very beginning, since the schisantus is extremely picky about nutrition. Two weeks before planting at a permanent place, seedlings need to be hardened so that the plant does not suffer from the sun after disembarkation. When the threat of recurrent frosts has passed, the shizantus is planted in a permanent place with a distance of 25 cm between the bushes.
It is possible to sow directly into open ground with seeds in May according to the pattern 15 by 25 cm. Young bushes are pinched to enhance branching, and the main stem is tied to a support.
Plant care, fertilizer and fertilizing
When choosing a place to plant a plant, note that the shizantus needs to pick a sunny spot. In the penumbra shoots of plants are drawn and lose their decorative effect. The soil should be fertile and well drained. With a lack of nutrition in the soil flowering will be poor, so before planting, make compost or well-rotted manure.
For planting as a houseplant fit ordinary turf land. In order not to provoke the occurrence of fungal diseases, do not get carried away with excessive watering. The soil should be moderately wet. Also do not let the land dry out. Faded shizantus bushes with a dried-up root system practically do not restore the former appearance and may die.
Watering is done at the root, as it is very easy to damage the flowers of the plant with a stream of water. Подкармливают схизантус в период вегетации два раза в месяц комплексными удобрениями для цветов, а после начала цветения подкормку производят еженедельно, но концентрацию раствора при этом уменьшают вдвое. Если перед цветением внести фосфорные удобрения, то это усилит окраску лепестков.
CouncilWhen choosing a place for planting, note that the schisantus does not tolerate the high temperature of the air in combination with low humidity.