Quail is one of the most popular poultry. Most of the owners of dacha or household plots are decided on her divorce. Firstly, this bird is distinguished by unpretentiousness to food and living conditions, and secondly, how many eggs a quail carries makes it economically viable. Let's find out how much one bird can give a useful product.
It largely depends on the breed. For example, the Japanese breed is naturally highly productive and one bird can carry 2 eggs per day. The species bred on the territory of the post-Soviet space are less productive, therefore they can bring one time every few days. However, even this intensity of masonry is enough to provide a whole family with a useful product. If you increase the number of poultry, then the egg can be sold and get a good profit.
In nature, quail is carried only during the breeding season. Their number can vary from 8 to 18 pieces depending on the breed. Also the number will be affected by the age of the bird. For example, a young female may be significantly more active, while an older bird rarely brings more than 10 of them.
In the household
A person is actively engaged in breeding quail, while improving the productive qualities of poultry. Naturally, a lot of effort was put in, but now the bird can be carried all year round. Under appropriate conditions of keeping the female brings 20-25 pieces. Simple calculations allow us to find out the average bird productivity per year, and it is about 2500 pieces. This means that with 50 quails, you can get up to 14 thousand eggs per year. Such calculations make it obvious that, despite numerous disputes between supporters of breeding chickens and quails, quail business is more profitable.
In the household, quails begin to lay eggs at the age of 40 days. The incubation period does not exceed 17 days. This makes it more profitable to grow young stock on the plot with the help of incubators, as compared with the cost of buying chicks. The molting period of the bird is relatively short, but even at this time it does not cease to be carried. The only thing that can reduce egg production is stress. Quails are very shy, so they should be protected from any shocks in order to get as many eggs as this or that breed suggests.
The weight and composition of quail eggs
The appearance of quail eggs is special - small size, weight - maximum 12 grams, the main white color and spotted dark specks. The shell is very thin, therefore fragile, but this is not a defect, but the norm. The fact is that quail chicks are born very weak, therefore, due to their insufficient physical abilities, they simply cannot break through the shell.
There is a version that the quail can carry eggs in which there is no salmonella. Accordingly, they can be eaten raw without fear of salmonellosis, but this is not so. Birds have a really high temperature, which causes many harmful bacteria to die, but not all. The pullorosis virus is transmitted through this product, therefore, the necessary heat treatment of this product is indispensable.
The composition of eggs is filled with the most useful components, including protein, vitamins of groups B, A and PP, minerals - calcium, potassium, iron, phosphorus, cobalt, copper and amino acids. ]
If we talk in more detail about the caloric content of quail eggs, then 100 grams of the product contains only 153 calories, which allows you to safely add them to the diet or sports nutrition system.
First of all, the egg production of quails depends on the breed, egg breeds can boast a high egg production rate of 270 - 300 eggs per year, but the birds themselves have a small weight of 110 - 130 g.
- Black english
- White English.
Breeds of meat - egg direction weighs 140 - 160 g, egg production about 250 eggs per year:
Meat breeds have a relatively greater weight (females 200 g, males up to 300 g, some individuals reach 400 g), but their egg production is already lower - about 180 to 200 eggs per year:
The table shows popular breeds of quails, their egg production, egg weight, bird weight, etc.
What can I say about the egg production of Japanese quail? In fact, they can and will carry 300 eggs a year if they are planted for special feeding with the addition of premixes, but in fact they carry a little less eggs.
If we talk more precisely how many quail eggs carry per day - about one egg and not every day in a row, for example, three days for an egg, then a day break and again.
Therefore, when you decide to start quails in particular of the Japanese breed and will calculate the projected profit, then focus on the egg production of about 250 eggs per quail per year.
Egg-laying begins in quails at the age of 40 - 60 days, the first eggs will be small, then larger.
Lighting in the sparrowing house.
The conditions of detention also affect egg production; for quails, the daylight hours should last at least 14-15 hours a day, since the winter day is short, you need to install additional lighting in the first place with quails. This bird does not like very bright lighting, it becomes aggressive to start fights and flaunts between individuals, so it is enough to make a dim, slightly muffled light in the sparrower.
In the wild, in quails, egg-laying takes place once a year, the female can carry about a dozen eggs, in domesticated quails, egg-laying lasts almost all year round, except for the molt periods, molting itself lasts 3 weeks. But so that egg-laying does not stop with the onset of cold weather, in the winter period, it is necessary to provide heating in the quailhouse, the optimum air temperature for quails is +18 degrees.
Feeding quails is one of the most important factors that affects egg production. In the last article I described in detail the feeding and recipes of compound feed for quail of different age groups, therefore I recommend reading the article from which you will learn how to save and make quail feed yourself.
From myself I want to add, if the bird is given food made strictly according to the recipe, then the bird will receive all the necessary substances and egg production will be good enough. But if you drastically change the composition of the feed, for example, remove one ingredient, say sunflower meal, the egg production in birds decreases sharply.
Therefore, in the first place, feed the quails only with balanced feed, it is not necessary to feed the bird only with rubble or feed intended for chickens.
To summarize, quails have a good egg production, you need to follow a few basic points:
Choosing the right breed, if you need eggs, then choose the egg breed, if meat, then meat breed.
Observe the conditions of the poultry: lighting 14 - 15 hours a day, the temperature in the house + 18 ° C, humidity 75%, as often as possible remove the litter from the cages.
Observe the density of planting birds in cages, for 5 - 6 individuals relies 1 m² of floor space of the cage, if some individuals often fight among themselves they need to be sown against each other.
Use a compound feed designed for quails, better self-cooking.
Table: comparison of the content of nutrients in quail and chicken eggs.
Video home mini-farm with Mikhalych: collecting quail eggs.
When quails begin to rush.
For a start it is worth understanding that quails, like many animals, are tied to the season of the year and to their biocycle of life, which affect the frequency and volume of egg-laying. Also, the rate of egg production depends on the age of the quail.
The last factor will not make you incur losses, as these birds begin to rush already at 35-40 days of their life, which makes them quite profitable.
During the first month after puberty, the bird can produce no more than 8-10 eggs. Next, with each month, this figure will gradually increase to 25-30 eggs per month from one individual, which will be about 300 units per year. Quails rush, as a rule, in the afternoon or closer to sunset, some breeds do it immediately after eating.
Breeders have worked well, bringing new breeds of hens among quails. Thanks to scientific advances, it was possible to increase the productivity of hens to 300 and higher eggs during the year. The maintenance of this level of egg-laying is influenced by many factors, including:
- indoor temperature
- cleanliness and sterility
- sufficient ventilation, but without drafts,
- optimum air humidity
- selected feed,
- no stress (noise, other large animals and birds, etc.).
How many eggs do quails bear depending on the breed
In addition to the above factors, the breeding rates of quails are influenced by their breeds, the specifics of which will be discussed later.
The Japanese species is in second place in performance among all the birds of the quail squad. Their average egg production per year varies in the range of 250-300 eggs, which is considered a very good indicator by many poultry farmers.
The weight of the egg is about 9-11 grams, which is the average among all quail. The fertility rate in this species is 80-90% - this indicates a high efficiency of this species as hens.
Despite the fact that this subspecies applies to those who are fed for meat, yet their egg-laying rates are not so far behind the Japanese, namely, up to 220 eggs per year. It should be noted that the mass of these eggs is much higher than the previous ones and is 12-16 grams.
This indicator is one of the highest among quail. Like the Japanese quail, the pharaoh's fertility rate is 80-90%.
About 270-280 eggs per year can produce a subspecies of white English quail. And although they are a little behind the Japanese subspecies, their eggs are a little more weighty - 10-11 grams per unit, and the fertility rate of white English quail is 75%. This feature affects the rate of egg production of this species.
Black english This subspecies has similar previous indicators. Between the white and black English quail differ only in the color of the feather color. The rest of their characteristics are very similar: about 280 eggs per year, with a mass of 10-11 grams per unit, and 75% is the coefficient of fertility.
Tuxedo quail This gallant aristocratic subspecies of quails also carry 280 eggs a year with a mass of 10-11 grams, but they are distinguished from previous counterparts by the fact that the coefficient of fertility is much higher and amounts to 80-90%.
Manchurian Up to 220 eggs per year can carry Manchurian quail. But do not immediately exclude this subspecies as unsuitable, because the weight of their eggs stands out significantly from the rest of the quail and varies in the range of 16-18 grams, which makes this type of quail a record among the rest in terms of the mass of eggs.
An 80% fertility rate is also included in the list of benefits for this species.
The Estonian subspecies, which can carry up to 320 eggs a year, closes the list of the best laying hens among all types of quails, which makes it an undoubted record-holder in quantitative indicators of egg production. With an egg mass of 12 grams and a fertility rate of 95%, this species is considered the best of all quails.
Conditions of detention
The main factors for the successful maintenance of quail are lighting, temperature and humidity, ventilation and the absence of drafts, as well as stressful situations. Requirements for light in quail are special.
They need 14-15 hours of daylight hours, which means that in winter you definitely have to install additional lighting in the sparrowhouse. At the same time, such artificial lighting should not be too bright, because in this case fights will start between the individuals, which will lead to injuries and rascals.
Video: how to increase egg production quail The only situation where quails can stop being carried is the molting period, which lasts up to 3 weeks in winter. Just at this time, birds especially need additional heating. It is optimal to maintain a temperature regime of + 18 ° C throughout the year to ensure the highest possible laying rate.
Maintaining a humidity of 70-75% is also important for good laying performance. Humidity can be adjusted using special humidifiers or just basins with water.
But it is also impossible to humidify the air too much, and to prevent this from happening, periodically ventilate the room. It is important to remember that quails are very sensitive to drafts, so use only one air source for ventilation. In addition, it is important to surround the quails with an atmosphere of complete security. They should not be afraid or afraid of anything, otherwise the birds are capable of depression for a few weeks and stop rushing. It is better to equip a separate room for their maintenance so that quails do not collide with other animals and birds. You also can not make noise in their presence or shout.
How to increase the number of eggs by adjusting the food
In addition to the factors of proper care, the chosen feed also affects the egg-laying performance. To do this, use special feed, designed only for quail.
If you use, for example, feed for chickens, egg production rates will consistently decline. The same applies to low-calorie feed, such as dough (grain, crushed with grain crushers or mills without special cleaning) or millet. Be sure to combine the components.
Try to use only proven and patented feed, which received their recognition among poultry farmers and ornithologists. You can also cook good quail food yourself.
To do this, use a variety of fillers, among them: corn, wheat, soybean meal, fish, herbal and meat and bone meal, dry reverse and many others. But if you are an inexperienced poultry farmer, it is better to use specialized feed lines, which are already pre-staffed for different ages, taking into account all the necessary minerals, vitamins and microelements.
Why birds stop trotting: the main reasons
Birds can stop rushing for many reasons, the main of which we will try to describe for you:
- Lack or excess of light. Both the absence and an excessive amount of normalized daylight can undermine and disrupt the habitual way of life of quails, reducing or completely stopping the laying of eggs. You can not illuminate the sparrowhouse, for example, 18 hours, or neglect additional lighting in winter, when the lighting period is not more than 8-10 hours. The optimum light mode for quails is 14-15 hours.
- Temperature mode. When the temperature in the sparrower drops to + 16 ° C or increases to + 25 ° C, egg-laying rates will decrease significantly. The optimum temperature mode is + 18-20 ° С.
- Draft. This indicator can affect not only the number of eggs, but also appetite, and even premature molting.
- Humidity. Deviation from the norm of 75% by 20% plus and minus can significantly shake the stability of the egg-laying.
- Nutrition. Incorrect dosage, unbalanced feed, or late feeding can change the performance of your quail farm. It is also important to track the presence of a sufficient amount of protein and calcium in the feed, because they are directly related to the quality and number of eggs laid.
- Overpopulation Too many individuals will also not improve quantitative indicators. The norm is 5-6 individuals per 1 square meter of the sparrowhouse.
- Stressful situations. Such moments can cause prolonged depression in birds, lasting up to 1 month. Stress can cause anything: transportation, other animals, harsh sounds, noise, changes in the composition of the feed, draft and much more.
- Shedding. During this period, quails do not rush by nature, and you will not affect this factor.
- Change of power. Replacing the dominant male in the flock will also delay egg laying by about 1 week, but this is also a natural process where you cannot do anything.
- Disease. At the first suspicion of the presence of the disease on your farm, you should contact the ornithologist or veterinarian.
- Old age. Like all living creatures, quails also have their own life span. Starting from 10 months, the quail will reduce its activity, but will continue to sweep up to 30 months of age.
Video: quailing errors
Breeding of any animals or birds, first of all, is associated with risk and great responsibility. In order to feel calm and not worry about your pets, you should be very careful about the arrangement of the sparrowhawk and its supply with all the necessary elements to make the life of the quails on your farm comfortable, healthy and long. А они, в свою очередь, порадуют вас высокой эффективностью и обильной яйцекладкой круглый год.
Перепелка – очень популярная в плане разведения домашняя птица. Для ее выращивания достаточно иметь приусадебный или дачный участок. По показателям яйценоскости данная порода считается экономически выгодной при разведении. After all, quails are unpretentious in food and do not require the organization of special conditions for their maintenance.
To competently create your farm, you need to calculate how many eggs a quail carries per month. And for this you need to find out how many eggs are quail in one day. But first you need to understand the features of the productivity of this breed of poultry.
Quail begin to make masonry quite early. Some species are born for the first time at the age of 1.5–2 months. At the same time, the productive period of this breed lasts about a year. The maximum egg production will be at the age of 3–6 months, then there is a gradual decline.
It is worth noting that in natural conditions (in the wild) the bird lays eggs only during the breeding season. At this time, the hen can lay 8–18 pieces. The exact amount depends on the variety.
In the household, quail is more productive due to the organization of special conditions of detention. Thanks to this, birds can carry year round. In this case, the productivity of the quail will be at the level of 20-25 pieces. Thus, based on how many eggs a domestic quail carries per day, you can calculate the annual productivity.
Depending on the breed, a hen day can produce one or several testicles. Up to 280 birds from one individual can be obtained per year when birds are kept in optimal conditions. As a result, 50 hens per year will bring 14 thousand pieces to the farmer. Due to the high productivity of quail business is considered more profitable than breeding chickens.
In order to correctly calculate how many eggs a quail gives per day, you need to find out at what age these birds begin to be born. The first testicle at home quail gives at the age of 40 days. The incubation period for this breed is 17 days. Therefore, young animals are profitable to grow with the help of an incubator, and not to buy on the market.
Knowing the level of productivity of quails (how many are carried per day and at what age), one can calculate the profitability of a quail farm. And already on the basis of these calculations to build your business.
What determines the number of eggs
Above, it was told how many eggs a domestic quail carries per day. With this knowledge, you can roughly calculate how much production will be received per month with quail farm. However, it is necessary to take into account that home quail can give greater productivity in creating certain conditions for it.
The egg production of this breed depends on the following indicators:
- proper nutrition. The diet should be balanced. It is best to use special feed. How many feedings per day should the hens receive, be determined depending on their age,
- care and maintenance. One bird in the house should have approximately 180–220 cm² of free space. Productivity is negatively affected by both too dense and very free content. Cells should be cleaned periodically. The house should be well protected from drafts. Indoors with birds, the temperature is + 20 ... + 22 ° C, and the humidity is within 35–60%. Such conditions must be observed for high productivity,
- breed. Each species has its own level of productivity. For example, Japanese quail per day bears 2 eggs,
- daylight duration. For normal productivity, this indicator should be at least 16 hours per day. The length of daylight depends on the region of cultivation. In case of insufficient light, birds should be additionally illuminated with artificial light.
Egg stresses also affect egg production. This breed is quite shy. Therefore, in order for the hens to continue to run, they must be protected from loud noise, new neighbors and other factors that can arouse them.
The productivity of quail also affects productivity. Young females bear more than adults. It is worth noting that the molting of quails does not last long and has no effect on their productivity.
As we see, in order to calculate how many home quail eggs carry, it is necessary to take into account factors affecting their productivity. This will avoid falling bird egg production and possible financial losses due to this.
The composition and weight of eggs
Quail eggs are considered very useful. At the same time, they are small and weigh about 10–12 g. Their shells are painted white, which is diluted with dark spots. Normally, the shell is very fragile.
It is believed that quail eggs are safe because they do not contain salmonellosis, which means they can be eaten raw. However, this is not quite true, because they often contain the pullorosis virus. Therefore, heat treatment is necessary, as it allows you to destroy all malicious viruses.
The composition of this product contains useful components: vitamins (PP, B and A), protein, minerals (iron, calcium, cobalt, potassium, copper, phosphorus and amino acids). The caloric content of one egg is 153 kcal per 100 g of product. Due to its composition, quail eggs are a key component of sports and diet nutrition.
Having information about how many eggs a quail carries per day at home, you can easily build a successful business and make good money by selling farm products.
How many eggs does a quail carry at home breeding?
A young healthy quail is able to carry from 250 to 300 eggs per year. This is the average range of egg production. The number of eggs laid affects:
- breed of quail,
- age of the bird.
The secret of high profitability of quails is their early breeding ability. When females turn 35-40 days, they begin to lay eggs.
Choosing a breed of quail for breeding, you need to compare its capabilities with the goals. The number of eggs laid for a certain period of time depends mainly on the breed, then on the housing conditions and the season. The average figure for quails is 25 eggs per month.
The number of eggs laid by quail for a certain period of time:
- In a day. There are breeds of quails, the females of which can be carried several times during the day. For example, Japanese quails can carry 2 eggs per day, other, less productive breeds, rush every few days. The average for quail is an egg per day.
- Per month. The number of eggs laid in a month depends not only on the breeds and seasonality, but also on the age of the female. Productivity changes like this:
- beginning of laying - 8-10 eggs per month,
- in some breeds, by the tenth month, the number of eggs laid increases to 13 pieces per month, in others it drops to 7-8 pieces.
- In year. Highly productive egg breeds - Japanese, Estonian and others carry 280-320 eggs per year. Meat-egg breeds - 260-280, meat breeds give 200-220 units per year.
When do quails begin and end?
Wild quails live up to five years, the life of domesticated species is even shorter - only 2-3 years. With such a short life, the birds have to ripen early. Quail is able to produce eggs when:
- she will be 35-40 days
- she will gain 100 grams of weight.
Wild quails rush much later. Breeders, breeding domestic breeds, tried to accelerate the maturation of birds, and they succeeded. If you provide the required housing conditions, the birds will begin a stable egg production from the second month of life.
The highest productivity is observed one week after the start of egg-laying. After 3 months, the egg production is reduced, then the bird stops nosing - this happens after another 5-7 months. Such dynamics is explained by the short life of quails. Recommended:
- change livestock upon reaching 8 months of age,
- incubation eggs taken from 2-month-old females - then the chicks will be stronger and healthier.
It is believed that quail eggs laid by females after a year of life, are inferior in taste to eggs from younger quails.
Layers after a year of life are considered unpromising. Maximum productivity ends after 10-12 months. In the second year of life, egg production falls by 50% - it is unprofitable. After two years, the number of eggs drops significantly.
This breed is a kind of benchmark for egg production, meat productivity, and other characteristics. "Egg" indicators of the Japanese breed:
- the number of eggs per year - 250-300 pieces,
- the weight of one egg is 9-12 g,
- the beginning of egg-laying is 35-40 days.
Japanese quails have a high fertility rate - it reaches 90%. Under favorable conditions, females are able to carry 320 eggs.
High fruitfulness in this breed lasts about a year, then the egg production falls by 50% or more.
The advantages of the Japanese breed:
- undemanding to conditions of detention
- resist disease
- quick weight gain - weight of an adult bird is reached on the 40th day of life,
- sexual signs appear on the 20th day - birds can be planted in different cages in the early stages.
This is a meat breed, but their egg production is not far behind the "Japanese" figures. They carry an average of 220 eggs per year. The egg mass is 12-16 g. Pharaoh's fertility is as high as that of the Japanese breed - 80-90%. The Pharaoh successfully combines high egg production with heavy carcasses - the bird is twice as heavy as egg quail. Pharaoh's females weigh 300 g, whereas the weight of egg quails is on average 140-180 g.
Quail eggs are significantly superior to chicken nutritionally. They contain more vitamins, amino acids and microelements.
The breed was bred by the British, in Russia they are bred from the 80s of the last century. There are two subspecies of English quail - white and black. Nothing but feather color, these quails do not differ. Their egg production rates are the same - they carry 270-280 eggs per year. The mass of one egg is 10-11 g.
But the fertility rate of the "English" is lower than that of previous breeds - at the level of 75%. White breed is especially promising for industrial breeding - they not only carry a lot of eggs, but also feature attractive pale pink carcasses.
Record holder egg production. Estonian quail females carry up to 320 eggs per year. Egg weight - 12 g. Fertility - 95%. The best choice for cost-effective breeding quail egg direction.
“Estonians” are valued for universality, they are profitable for any direction - egg or meat. The bird quickly gains weight and carries many eggs. The breed was bred by Estonian breeders in 1989, crossing the Japanese breed with pharaohs and English white quails. The resulting breed was different from all previous ones:
- a combination of high egg production with good weight gain
- high life expectancy
- egg laying duration
- good survival rate.
This is a breed of egg and meat direction, bred by crossing white and black "English". The name of the breed received for the original color - the back, wings and tail of tuxedo quails are dark, and the neck and belly are white.
Tuxedo quails are often kept for beauty, but they are also excellent laying hens - only slightly inferior to the Japanese and Estonian breed. Females carry the first egg at the age of 6-7 weeks.
The color of females and males is impossible to distinguish. It is possible to understand who is who, only after sexual maturity is reached, by the cloacal gland under the tail of the males.
These beauties are great eggs. It is even difficult to determine - to which direction they relate more - to meat or egg. Golden birds are very beautiful - they are often kept for decorative purposes. Homeland breed - China. A characteristic external sign of the Manchu breed is the pattern on the head.
Golden quails have less body mass than broiler breeds, but more than egg-bearing ones. But in terms of the number of eggs laid, they are inferior to the leaders - Japanese and Estonian quails.
The hybrid of the Japanese breed differing in smoky coloring. Divorces on plumage resemble the structure of marble. Color varies - quails can have light gray, gold, white and other plumage. By egg production and other indicators do not differ from the Japanese breed. Very high egg production and relatively large eggs - up to 10 g. The ideal breed for decorative content.
Comparative egg characteristics of these and other popular breeds, see table 1:
More on quail breeds
The most important point in determining egg production is the breed of quail. After all, they are also a large number. Those breeds that are distinguished by a specialized focus on egg production, bring 300 or even more eggs in one year. Although the quails themselves have a very small weight, only about 100 - 120 grams.
Table 1. Yaytsenoskie breeds of quail
Japanese quail - quite large in size birds. Their weight can reach up to 200 grams, but this happens in rare cases. Most quails do not weigh more than 150 grams.
This breed has a high level of egg production. They start giving eggs already at the age of two months, having the opportunity to lay about 250 eggs a year. Japanese quails carry eggs directly to the floor, always at the same time. The weight of eggs reaches 10 gr.
Marble quails weigh up to 200 grams. Males are lighter, about 150 - 170 gr. In one year, marble quails produce almost 350 eggs. Their eggs are larger than those of the Japanese breed - up to 20 gr.
Marble is more suitable for producing eggs for sale. To get 1 kg of eggs, you need only 2.5 kg of feed. Meanwhile, the price of quail eggs is now quite high.
Black english quail
White english quail
Table 2. Gain newborns quail egg breeds
Table 3. Quail meat breeds
This breed is called the pharaohs and albinos. They come from Texas, from where they got their name. Compared with the egg-bearing breeds, Texas white is more powerful. The weight of females reaches 460 g., And males - 360 g.
Eggs are from two months, and in this breed they have healing properties: they improve digestion, brain activity, strengthen the immune system. Their meat is dietary and quite tasty.
Table 4. Gain quail meat breeds
Proper maintenance and proper care of quails - a pledge of great returns and successful promotion of eggs for sale. The main principles in the maintenance of quail is to maintain the correct temperature, light and humidity, as well as the possibility of airing the room.
To create the perfect conditions for the existence of your birds, follow the small instructions:
Step 1. Pick the right room.
Here, the requirements are quite simple and are no different from the conditions of other birds. The main condition - a spacious ventilated room without drafts.
Also, you should take into account that these birds are especially shy, and therefore you need to remove everything that can annoy them (noises, various loud sounds and sharp jolts and movements).
Quails contraindicated drafts
How to independently build a cage for quail? Look for detailed instructions in our article.
Step 2. Pick up the temperature.
The best option is 20-25 degrees. If the temperature is above normal, quail will fade from the worthy stuffiness. If the temperature level will strongly deviate from the norm and fall below +8 degrees, the birds will die.
Observe the temperature conditions
Step 3. Install the lighting.
The light in the quail should be for 15 hours a day. In the cold season, daylight hours are much shorter, and therefore additional lighting is required.
note the fact that the light in the chicken coop should be muffled, dull. Bright light greatly affects the irritability of birds, leading to constant fights, disagreements and bad behavior.
When placing quails you need to take care of both artificial and natural lighting.
Step 4. Maintain the required level of humidity.
For quails, this is about 75%. You will be able to regulate it with the help of ordinary containers filled with water or humidifiers. This item is especially important for quail egg production.
In quail feeding, rational meals are very important, the exact number of times per day and at the same time. Try to give food to the birds as correctly as possible in order to get good returns from them.
Table 5. Feeding quail
On the first day of life, chicks can be fed with hard-boiled eggs, mixed with fine shell.
On the second day, you need to add cottage cheese for food, calculated for 1-2 gr. on one head.
On the third day, in addition to the above, finely chopped greens are added.
Then every day they increase the amount of cottage cheese, and the eggs, on the contrary, are slowly removed.
In drinking use yogurt.
When the chicks are older, they can be transferred to the feed. It is important to use only the one in which the amount of protein is less than 25%, and the calories are about 290.
At this period, young chicks go to the real quail feed. However, due to the fact that they are not used to it, it is necessary to supplement it with vitamin supplements. This is done to ensure that quails have already begun to rush and at the same time maintain their health.
The dose of vitamin E and A increase by 50%, and the amount of protein is reduced by 15%.
Quail life span
Under natural conditions, quails live much longer than at home, about 6-8 years. At home, this figure is reduced three times and here the life of quails is already reduced to two, maximum three years. After that, the whole herd is slaughtered. Однако, если этого не делать и позаботиться о продолжении жизни животных, ее можно продлить до 6-7 лет.
В среднем перепела живут 6-8 лет
Вообще в естественных условиях, перепелки несут яйца только весной, когда наступает период размножения. Здесь количество яиц очень далеко от того, которое мы получаем от домашних птиц. Quails in nature carry only 10-25 eggs for this period.
But as a result of breeding, scientists produced new breeds that are suitable for home keeping and increased egg production to 300 eggs per year. And only as a result of breeding people achieved that birds carried eggs all year round, and not only during the breeding season.
The time of onset of egg production and its duration
In about a month and a half, quails begin to give the first eggs. They usually carry 1 egg per day. Of course, it depends on the breed. For example, Japanese quail sometimes gives two eggs a day.
Every week, quails rest and do not give eggs at all. This occurs after 5-6 egg-bearing days for 1-2 days.
Quails start to be born at the age of 1 month
The largest and most productive period of egg production in quails begins at the age of 3-6 months, after they start laying eggs. So for a month you can get a little less than 30 eggs from one bird. At the very beginning of the egg-laying they give a maximum of 10 eggs per month. After 10 months, the productivity of birds decreases, and they already carry a maximum of 14 eggs per month. Some breeds of quail bear even less.
How old are the quails rushing?
This question is of great concern to all people interested in their household. Since quails are kept mainly for the sale of eggs, it is important to know what age quails are considered to be the most productive.
In fact, quail eggs carry a very short time. A large number of eggs they can carry only up to 12 months. Then the birds give eggs for another 6 months, only with productivity reduced by half, after which they cease to nest at all.
Quails can carry eggs for up to two years
After two years, quails stop laying eggs. Therefore, they live in the household for about two years, as they are slaughtered for meat.
Causes of egg production decline
In a quail farm, it can happen that females practically stop giving eggs. And this is only one explanation - violations in the conditions of the quail.
Quails stop giving eggs if:
- They have too much or not enough light. Light day should be about 15 hours a day. Increase or shorten this period is not necessary. Quails are carried only in the light and therefore the room must be muted and bright. This factor first affects the egg production of females.
- They are cold, or vice versa, too hot. In terms of temperature, it is recommended to keep it at around 18 degrees all year round. Strong and abrupt changes should not be, it will immediately destroy them. To avoid such situations, make sure that there are no drafts in the hen house. And at the same time, they do not tolerate heat. Therefore, ventilate the room regularly and make sure that the temperature does not exceed 22 degrees.
- Indoors little humidity. As already mentioned, it should be about 75%. If it is higher - resort to airing. If below - put a basin with water or store humidifiers.
Air can be moistened by placing water in a cage.
If the birds do not carry eggs at all, you need to establish the cause by selecting one or more of the above and eliminate it. If the birds have few eggs, you need to resort to the procedure of increasing the level of returns.
Normally quail eggs
How to increase the level of egg production in quails?
In order to increase the egg production of birds, follow the simple instructions:
Step 1. Add some ingredients to the bird ration: gravel or shells (these products will help restore the required number of trace elements in the body of birds), fish meal or meat bone (it contains a large amount of proteins and amino acids that are necessary for proper nutrition of quails).
Step 2. Restore the regime and stick to it clearly. Feed the birds necessarily three times a day at the same time. On one quail enough about 30 grams. feed per day, that is, 10 grams. feed at one meal.
Follow the diet
Step 3. Do not overfeed females. Give them just the right amount of feed. Make sure that he does not remain in the feeders, this should not be. Birds' appetite should be good. At the same time, obesity of birds reduces the percentage of their productivity.
Do not add extra feed to the feeder
Step 4. Choose the right food. Use special feed for layers. It contains more essential substances and helps increase the egg production of females.
Buy special feed
Keeping quails is a rather complicated and responsible matter. They require careful care and a lot of attention to themselves. But all this is easy to master if you follow all the rules mentioned in our article. Then your birds will have good health and a great return of eggs.
Nikolay Zhuravlev Chief Editor
Author of the publication 10/19/2018
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