General information

Peculiarities of care for a ctenant at home


The unusual and variety of leaves of the original color of this plant made him a welcome guest in the collections of fans of indoor plants.

Unlike other members of the family of maranths, the plant is less demanding of the conditions of detention, which facilitates the care of Ktenante at home.

All about Ktenante you will learn in this article.

Plant description

This perennial herb came to our country from South America and Brazilwhere it grows in tropical forests. At home, Ktenante is two meters tall, at room temperature. height is limited to 80-90 cm.

Ktenante has large oblong leaves, decorated with fancy drawings on a green background, which also complement the pink and white streaks or blotches of beige or silver. The reverse side of the leaves is maroon. She becomes prominent in the evenings when the ctenant lifts the leaves up and folds them into a tight bouquet.

The beauty of the leaves compensates for the inconspicuous flowering of the ctenants. It blooms in the summer with large spikelets covered with bracts.

The following are photos of Ktenantes:

Home grown species

In nature, there are dozens of plant species, the following varieties are grown in indoor floriculture:

  1. Burlet Marx. The leaves of this species are light green with sharply highlighted dark green stripes in the form of a Christmas tree. The reverse side of the sheet is purple-violet. Blossoms in small flowers, gathered in scallops.
  2. Lubbers. Height - up to 75cm. Light green leaves, on which cream brush strokes are applied as if with a wide brush. The seamy side of the leaves is dark green.
  3. Oppenheim. The most popular variety in home floriculture. It grows up to a meter. The leaves are pointed, oblong, with velvety, with green and silver stripes, purple from the inside.
  4. Compressed. Ovoid, large leaves with pointed ends. The most durable and resistant to some errors in the content.

Temperature and light

In the summer you need a flower temperature 22-25, in winter - 16-20. Ktenanta transfers cold, but not below 10 degrees.

The plant needs a bright diffused light. Light shadow Ktenante transfers. But it is not recommended to grow it in rooms of the northern direction. It is optimal to keep it in rooms with a west-east direction.

Watering and moisture

Ktenant moisture-loving, so you need to water it regularly. But do not make a swamp in a pot, the soil should be slightly damp. In winter, watering does not stop, but only reduce the frequency. Water for irrigation take soft, filtered or defended.

Humidity of the plant is necessary in the range of 70-80%. To maintain it, it is advisable to use humidifiers, spraying. If the room is hot and dry at the same time - the plant will die.

About the lack of moisture in the air can signal folded in the daytime leaves. All the antics lift and fold the leaves in the evening hours.
But if your flower does not lower them during the day, it means that it does not have enough moisture. In this way, your Ktenant is trying to retain moisture in the leaves.

Every two weeks during the growing season, Ktenant is watered with mineral mixtures for decorative leafy plants. In winter, fertilizing is reduced to once every 50-60 days.

Soil requirements and transplant rules

The plant will feel good only in loose, slightly acidic soil. For planting take an equal amount of leaf, sod land and peat.

Young plants should be transplanted in mid-spring annually, adults - once in 3-5 years. The roots of the plant are very fragile, so care must be taken when transplanting. Land in a pot before removing the flower must be watered well, so that it is soaked, and the roots are easily freed. It is important when removing from the ground not to tear off small roots, otherwise the plant will not survive well.

Pot for planting need to choose a wide and not too high. For young copies A new pot should be 3-4 centimeters wider than the previous one. With a rare transplant, pick up a larger plant for an adult plant so that the roots have room to grow for several years. Be sure to put a high drainage layer (1/4 of height) on the bottom of the pot.

Cover the soil with fine sand. Do not feed her 30 days.

In the formation of the crown Ktenanta does not need. It is only necessary to periodically remove dry and beginning to die leaves.

We will tell about whether it is necessary to put supports for the Ctenants.

Indeed, when growing tall species, special flower props and trellis can be used to preserve the shape. Stalks are gently tied to them so that they do not lean, and the bush does not fall apart.


For reproduction Ktenantes there are two ways:

  • Cuttings. Produced by apical shoots with a length of 10 centimeters. Favorable time is spring. A handle with two leaves is placed in water and covered with plastic wrap. The roots will appear after about 6 weeks, after which the sprout can be planted in the soil.
  • Division. The adult shrub when transplanting is divided into two or three parts and is seated. Before the appearance of new leaves of the plant must be kept under transparent caps.

Growing from seed

Sowing seeds Ktenantes rather troublesome. In order for them to germinate, you need to create special conditions for them. Sow them in a flat dish in the peat-sand mixture. For germination seeds need a constant soil temperature of at least 20 degrees, so the tank needs heating.

Also, crops should always be kept wet, but there should be no excess moisture in the tank, otherwise mold will appear and the crops will die. Capacity must be covered with glass and put in a bright place.

Sprouts should appear after 25-30 days. In separate pots and soil they can be planted at the age of 30-40 days.

Diseases and maintenance problems

All diseases and troubles that arise during cultivation are related to the fact that the Ctenant is contained in inappropriate conditions:

  • Low temperature and high humidity manifested by the fact that the stems begin to sag.
  • Lack of moisture - curling of leaves and spots on them.
  • If the flower lacks nutrients, leaves will turn yellowish brown.
  • Lack of sunlight will appear in the form of loss of the picturesque color of the leaves. If the lighting is not enough, the leaves become small.
  • From the dry air in the apartment leaves begin to turn yellow and fall off. As soon as you notice the first yellowness on the leaves, immediately begin to humidify the air, spray the plant. Place the pot in a tray filled with stones or moss. Pour water on them, but make sure that it does not reach the bottom of the pot.

Ktenante flower can be affected by such pests as:

  • Shchitovka. Brown dots appear on the leaves. To fight insects you need by washing the leaves with soap and water. After that, the plant must be treated with insecticide.
  • Spider mite Appears if the plant is kept in a dry place. A white, filament-like raid appears on the leaflets. Leaves should be wiped with a weak alcohol solution and treated with Fitoverm or Fufanon.

Ktenante - beautiful interior decoration of any style. To admire her original leaves, follow all rules of care for her.

Description and features

A genus of herbaceous perennials. Affiliation is a family of maranths. Growth area - South America. It prefers a humid and warm climate of the tropics. The genus includes about 15 species.

Often there is confusion - the ctenant is like a calathea. These are different plants, but they belong to the same family of maranths. The main difference between them is in the flowering period. In artificial conditions, both plants rarely bloom, so only experienced growers distinguish them. The conditions of detention are almost the same.

The main value of ktenanta - leaves with interesting colors. The leaves are whole, elongated. Yellowish, light and silver stripes stand out against a dark background. The location is asymmetrical. Their divergence from the center to the edges is characteristic. Blossom has no decorative value, inflorescence - a modest spikelet.

The most interesting species

Many interesting varieties of ktenantov were derived. Each variety has a unique leaf color.

  • Ktenanta Oppenheim. It grows up to a meter in height. The leaves are spear-shaped, with fancy patterns. Scapes are thin, graceful. The surface is velvety. Asymmetrical silvery, cream strips on top. The back side is purple.
  • Ktenanta compressed. Srednerosly grade. Height is no more than 45 cm. Leaves are close in shape to rectangular, uniform green color. The bands are lighter, less pronounced.
  • Ktenanta Burl-Marx. Low-growing variety. The leaves are bright, with a spike. Highly pronounced dark green contrast stripes are highlighted. The back side is purple.
  • Ktenanta pubescent. The leaves are dark, the shape is ovoid. Characteristic pattern resembling brush strokes. The color of the strokes is gray.
  • Ktenanta Lubbersa. Very interesting, unusual leaf color. Yellow feathery spots stand out on a green background. The wrong side is a smooth green color. There is a tall and undersized variety.

Subtleties of care

  • The choice of location and lighting. Light day - 16 hours, the lighting is scattered, bright. In the summer they protect from the open sun, except for burns, the characteristic coloring of the leaves fades. Feels the need for a long light day throughout the year. In winter, artificial daylight lamps are required. Additional lighting is used in cloudy weather and in the evenings. The optimal location is east and west.
  • Temperature. Draft and sudden temperature drops are excluded. During the winter period do not allow a cold snap below 17-18 ° C. From cold glass fence off - overcooling of the root system leads to the death of the plant. The optimum winter temperature is 20 ° C. In the summer in the range of 22-25 ° C.
  • Watering. In the summer it is plentiful after drying of the top 1 cm of soil. By autumn, the amount of applied moisture is gradually reduced, it is watered only in winter, and it is increased again in spring. Drying and waterlogging do not allow - the flower will die. Use only distilled water!
  • Humidity. Not less than 70%. The ktenant is regularly sprayed, put the pot on wet clay, poured into the pan. At night, it is recommended to send the plant in the greenhouse - under polyethylene. For spraying use a small spray, purified softened water. Avoid getting large drops on the foliage, do not allow lowering of humidity.
  • Feeding. Feed in the spring and summer of liquid mineral fertilizers. Use means for deciduous cultures. The dosage is halved from that specified by the manufacturer. After transplantation during the month refrain from fertilizing. The recommended fertilizer schedule is at an interval of 15 days.
  • The soil. Among the store soils choose the mixture for maranth and azaleas. Composition for self-preparation - equal amounts of leafy land with sand and peat mixture. Not obligatory, but desirable additive - the crushed coal.
  • Transfer. The first two years are transplanted annually. In the future, the intervals between transfers increase to 3 years. The optimal time is from the end of spring to the end of summer. Use wide pots of small depth. During the transplant, inspect the root system, remove damaged, dying leaves.

Basic rules for growing ctenants

  • Abundant watering in summer and moderate in winter.
  • Humidity not less than 70%, regular spraying.
  • Light, breathable primer.
  • Scattered light, long light day - 15-16 hours.
  • Protection against temperature fluctuations and drafts.

Breeding methods

It is practiced mainly in two ways - by the tips of the shoots and by dividing the bush.

  • Apical cuttings. Cut off the tops of the shoots with several young leaves. Cutting length - up to 10 cm, cut - just below the leaves. The tips of the cuttings immersed in water with the addition of activated carbon. Roots appear in 1-1.5 months. After that, they can be transplanted into a light sand-peat mixture and cover with foil. Transplantation to permanent ground - with the appearance of signs of stable growth.
  • The division of the bush. The plant is carefully removed from the pot, freeing the roots from the ground. Bush divided into several parts, avoiding damage to the root system. Seated in separate pots, until new leaves are put in the greenhouse.

Ktenanta Oppenheim (Ctenanthe oppenheimiana)

The most popular form in home floriculture. This plant in nature can reach a height of 90 meters. Patterned leaves are located on fairly long petioles and have a spear-shaped form. The velvety leaves, having an oblong shape, are 40 centimeters in length. The strips are creamy silver or pale green. The leaves are painted asymmetrically, and their wrong side is purple.

Ctenanthe setosa

Dark green elongated leaves have an ovoid shape. The strips located on them are colored in gray or light green. They diverge from the midrib in the form of strokes, as if made by a brush. In height, the plant reaches 80 centimeters.

Caring for a ctenant at home

It is not at all easy to care for a ctenant in room conditions, since she is quite capricious. Under natural conditions, it grows in the lower tier of tropical rainforest. The plant, located in the apartment, you need to provide similar conditions, namely: high humidity, constant temperature and the complete absence of drafts. In this microclimate, this plant looks the most impressive, like the other maranths.

Illumination and location

Can grow in a well-lit place and in partial shade. So, it is recommended to place it on the window located in the western part of the room. But you can put around the northern window opening. Also, a quenant can grow on a dummy table located near the south window, and you need a shading from the direct rays of the sun.

It should be remembered that in no case should this flower be placed near the window opened for airing the room, as it is extremely negative for drafts.

Temperature conditions

Ktenanta needs heat. All year round it is necessary to maintain a temperature of 20–25 degrees, while there should be no difference between day and night temperatures (or very small). This flower can not be taken out on the balcony or on the street even in the warmest weather.

Very moisture-loving plant, which recommended frequent spraying. If the air is excessively dry, the foliage will begin to curl. Experts advise to systematically arrange a warm shower flower, but it is worth considering that there should be no drops on the leaves.

How to water

Need regular moderate watering. To do this, use soft distilled water. Make sure that the water in the soil does not stagnate, as well as the earthen clod does not dry out. It is necessary to water with cold water.

In the event that in winter the room is somewhat cooler than in the summer, then watering should be slightly reduced.

Ensure that there is no excess fertilizer in the soil. To feed the queen from April to August, 2 times a month. To do this, use liquid complex fertilizer for home decorative leafy plants (use ½ part of the recommended dose). In winter, fertilizing is carried out 1 time in 4 weeks.

How to transplant

Transplantation takes place every year in spring. To do this, use wide flower pots. Do not forget about good drainage. Experts advise to cover rhizome with moss moistened.

Ground mixture

The earth should be slightly acid and loose. Suitable for tenants are: peat, coniferous, leaf and humus lands, as well as a small amount of sand taken in a ratio of 1: 1: 2–3: 1. You can also use the earth mixture consisting of sod, leaf, humus soil and sand, taken in equal shares.

In the soil you need to add small pieces of charcoal. You can buy ready-made dredger for maranths.

Diseases and pests

Shchitovki can live. In this case, brownish tubercles appear on the shoots and foliage. The leaves turn pale, dry out and fall off.

Another red spider mite can live, but only if the humidity in the room is too low. To destroy this insect is recommended to use insecticide.

Possible problems

  1. Brownish dried up tips near foliage - low air humidity.
  2. Fall foliage - low air humidity or excessively abundant watering, due to which the root system and shoots have rotted.
  3. The leaves become pale - very bright lighting (you need to move in the shade) or too dark.
  4. Spots form on the foliage and it coagulates. - low humidity and poor watering. It is recommended to cover the plant with a polyethylene bag until the leaves are straightened. In some cases, you have to remove almost all the leaves (do not touch the outlet), but after a while they grow back.
  5. Young leaves are quite small - lack of light. It is recommended to put the queen in a more lighted place.

Classification and description

A ctenant comes from a large family of maranths and represents a genus of plants that includes about 15 species. In nature, these evergreen perennials grow in southern and central America, there you can find specimens up to 2.5 m tall. At home, the overall span is more modest, from 40 cm to 1 m. As a room culture in Europe spread at the end of the IXX century.

Among florist growers ktenanta is valued for the decorative leaves. Color, depending on the variety, varies in hue, saturation and pattern. The shoots of the plants are shortened, and the stalks are long. The leaf is about 20 cm, ovate-elongated, the shape may be more pointed or, on the contrary, gently rounded. Annual bloom - an escape with spikelet appears near the stem.

The root system of the plant is superficial, it is shallow, it should be taken into account when planting. The growth in intensity is average; over the year, the culture grows 5–6 new leaves. At home, the ctenant reproduces vegetatively.

Features room content

At home ktenanta difficult, demanding plant. Beginners are always advised to grow her more “compliant female relatives,” such as a stromant or arrowroot.

Ktenanta lover of bright but diffused light - only so on the leaves will remain unique colors and patterns. Species with a monochromatic color can also be found in the penumbra. You should not place the culture near the southern windows, the best choice would be the east or west side. The length of daylight hours is at least 12 hours in any period of the year.

Attention! The reaction of the qutenants to the direct rays of the sun is the thinning of the leaf plates, the loss of color pigment.

In the winter months, the culture is illuminated. High humidity is maintained throughout the year. The pot is not placed near the heating devices, the leaves irrigate or wipe with a damp cloth. It is possible to install the queen on a pallet lined with moss or keramzite. The optimum humidity level is 70–90%.

Summer watering is generous, as the topsoil dries. With a shortage of moisture, the ctenant twists the leaves. Ktenanta has no pronounced period of rest. In the winter months, the plant is protected from hypothermia, watered slightly less than in summer. Moisten the soil with settled soft water.

Comfortable summer temperatures: from + 22 ... + 25 ° C, in winter not lower than + 16 ° C. Tropical plants do not like drafts and abrupt climate change in the room.

Transplantation and reproduction

A young qutennant can be obtained by splitting an adult bush or by cutting. The best time for this is spring / summer.

As the cuttings choose apical shoots. Cut off part of the stem with several sheets, 10–12 cm long. Cuttings are rooted in boiled water under cover. It usually takes a little over a month. With the advent of the first roots, planted in separate cups.

Shrub divide when transplanting. The resulting parts are placed in a new soil. For better survival they create greenhouse conditions. You can loosely wrap the container in a transparent bag. The appearance of young leaves will indicate the success of the operation.

Ktenanta prefers loose moisture-absorbing soil. The ph level is 5–6 (subacid). You can buy ready-made substrate for maranth or make this:

  • leaf earth two parts
  • peat and river sand in one piece.

Add a little crushed charcoal to the mixture.

For ctenants choose a wide, not a deep pot. To prevent the earth from souring, preference is given to unglazed ceramics. At the bottom place the drainage layer, then the soil. The plant is lowered gently, the roots sprinkled with soil, slightly tamping. Depleted stems and other parts of the plant are removed with a sharp sterile instrument. All damages are treated with antiseptic.

Immediately after planting, the plant is not watered, they do it in a day. Flowerpot pritenuyut, so as not to expose the culture of excessive stress.

Council Ready-mixes for azaleas are suitable as soil for ctenants.

Feed in the period of active growth every 2-3 weeks. Use min. fertilizers for deciduous.

Some species and varieties

A ktenant is easily confused with a calathea, a strider. The latter are much more common in the sale. In the culture of a quenant is represented by several types:

  • Bamburanta giant (Oppenheim). The height of the bush is up to 50 cm. On the silvery sheet plate there is a clearly pronounced dark-green ornament, the wrong side is scarlet. The leaves of the plant are very mobile and always directed to the light source. Breeding variety of species - Tricolor (a combination of white, green and burgundy stripes).

  • Burle – Marx. Height up to 0.4 m. The leaf is dusty-green with clear wide veins, the reverse side is purple. On the basis of the species, several hybrids with silvery and bright green leaves are displayed.

  • Lubbers. Tall plant (70–75 cm). The ctenant of this species is distinguished by shade tolerance. The leaf is bright green with pale yellow spots. There is also variegated variety.

  • Compressed. Wide large sheet. The surface is smooth, shiny. Color saturated green.

  • Bristly. Ktenanta – giant, stem height up to 1 m. Fast-growing culture with dark green leaves. The bottom side of the leaf plate is purple.

Ktenanta has very unusual properties. According to beliefs, protects the family hearth, well-being in the house. Soothes young children prone to arousal, helps adults with moral fatigue. In any case, a lush bush with intricate foliage will deliver aesthetic pleasure to everyone.

And what tropical crops do you grow on the windowsill?

Descriptions and photos of species

Like most of the plant family of ktenanta, large, whole leaves are oval or slightly pointed. An adult plant is formed by a powerful herbaceous shrub consisting of erect or lodging stems. The leaves are attached to the shoots with the help of long petioles, and due to the nature of the structure they grow unevenly, and in bunches. Sheet plates are rarely monophonic.

Most types of ktenanta, as in the photo, variegated. They can be recognized by the original light green, silver or yellow-green strokes, ornaments or stripes, diverging from the average vein to the edges.

When caring for a ctenant, many growers note not only the beauty of the foliage, but also its mobility. Depending on the illumination of the leaves of this tropical species can descend or ascend.

If the foliage of the plant is undoubtedly decorative, then the flowering of the qutenants, in the photo, can be not noticed. Small, spike-shaped inflorescences, in which white, yellowish or lilac flowers are revealed, appear from the leaf sinuses.

In nature, there are 17 species belonging to the genus Ctenanthe. These cultures differ in size, habitat and patterns on the leaves, but they have similar preferences for growing conditions and care. Today, only a few of the most spectacular species are used as indoor and garden crops.

Quite elegant, up to half a meter in the height of Ctenanthe Burle-Marxii, Ctenanthe burle-marxii, was fallen in love with gardeners thanks to oval light green or silver leaves, the pattern on which resembles a branch running along the vein. The leaves themselves are oval, about 10 cm long and 4 to 6 cm wide. If their upper side is patterned, the back side has a beautiful, but uniform purple color.

The inflorescences that appear on the tops of the shoots are colored in foliage, and the small flowers have a light cream color.

Much larger than the previous species of Ltbers Ctenanthe (Ctenanthe lubbersiana). Fans of large domestic plants will appreciate well leafy bushes up to 70–80 cm high.

The leaves of this species, as shown, have an oblong-oval shape and a two-sided green color, in which chaotic yellow or light green strokes from the midrib in the edge of the leaf plate stand out brightly.

In the pot culture of Oppenheim's Ctenant (Ctenanthe oppenheimiana) grows up to a meter tall, forming beautiful broad bushes with many oblong-pointed leaves. In this species, the qutenants, as in the photo, the foliage is the most unusual of all the plants described.

Not only is there a pattern of dark and light green stripes on the upper side of the sheet plate, and the lower surface is painted in a crimson-burgundy shade. In part of the plants, asymmetric white or pinkish, broad strokes spread on the patterned side.

In the pictured picture, the ctenants are compressed, or compressa, green leaves up to 35–40 centimeters long.

This is one of the most powerful species, so the plant is used in gardening greenhouses, winter gardens or hallways of public buildings. The culture blooms, forming spike-shaped, almost non-decorative inflorescences long.

Ctenante Burl-Marx

View Ctenanthe burle-marxii discovered in Brazil Roberto Burle-Marx. Of all the species of the maranth family, this plant is the shortest, it reaches no more than 40 cm in height. The foliage is light green, gray, with bottled-colored spots in the form of stripes, has the shape of a rectangle with rounded edges approximately 6 to 10 cm in size, and on the reverse side - cherry.

The view is very well taken root in the garden, spread out in the form of a carpet.

There are several varieties of Berl-Marx ctenants: obscura, amagris and dwarf species. They differ in a shade of leaves.

In obscura type (Obscura) the foliage has a wide malachite border. Ktenanta Burl-Marx Amagris (Amagris) characterized by leaves of pale green with a darker shade pattern in the form of thin streaks. Ctenante Burl-Marx Amagris was artificially bred in Belgium. Leaves dwarf ctenants reach a height of no more than 20 cm, have a beautiful pattern of stripes of grass color on a light background.

Ktenant Lubbers

Ctenanthe lubbersiana leaves the shape is long, tapering upwards. The color of the leaves is emerald green with randomly scattered large oblong spots of pale yellow color. On the seamy side of the foliage is green. Stems of wine-colored plants. A characteristic feature of this species is the growth of leaves on the trunk. Commercially available are the Golden Mosaic, Golden Variegata, Brazilian Snow, and Tropical Dragon varieties. The first is characterized by light green spots of irregular shape on a dark background. "Variegata" is characterized by patches of pale yellow color. The spots on the leaves of the queen "Brazilian Snow" and "Tropical Dragon" are milky, but the first one has large spots, almost half of the leaf. On the leaves of the "Tropical Dragon" spots in the form of broad bands. In the height of the queen Lubbers reaches from 80 cm to 1 m.

Ktenanta compressed

Leaves compressed ctenants (Ctenanthe Compressa) represent rectangles with round edges of pistachio color with imperceptible strips of a light shade in the form of streaks. Science is known stubby ctenant, or ctenant cytosis (Ctenanthe setosa) with bristle cuttings.

Ktenanta come from the tropics, especially care and cultivation provide for the creation of a warm and humid tropical climate. Caring for a ctenant at home includes controlling the temperature, humidity of the air and the soil, the degree of lighting.

The most enduring kind of ktenanta is considered to be a ktenant of Oppenheim.

Air humidity

In the room where the ctenant grows, the humidity should be maintained at a level not lower than 55%, and better - 70%.

Under natural conditions, a ctenant grows in the shade of tropical trees, covering it from direct sunlight. Therefore, an excess of bright sunlight can cause leaf burnout.

If the windows of the room where the ctenant stands, face south, it is good to place the flower not on the window sill, but on the stand or table near the window, so that the scattered rays of the sun illuminate the plant a little, since a lack of light will lead to a loss of leaf brightness and poor growth. But best of all this kind of flora feels in rooms in which the windows face out in other directions. Ktenanta tolerates artificial lighting, which is important in winter.

Ktenanta needs a special soil, not acidified, without lime. In the conditions of home floriculture, the care of a ktenant includes the purchase of a special substrate for maranths. As a substitute, you can use the soil for azaleas.

You can also make a special mixture of your own by mixing 2 parts of leafy ground, 1 part of peat, 1 part of sand and adding a little charcoal. An important condition is to ensure not only nutritious, but also loose soil that is able to retain moisture, so you should definitely check this composition, clenched in your fist. If the ground is loose, you can fall asleep in the pot.

Dividing bush

The essence of this method is to carefully, trying not to damage the rhizomes, during the spring transplant, divide an adult flower that has reached the age of three into several parts and plant in different pots. Flowerpots with parts of the plant should be watered and covered with a polyethylene bag, without tying it, until the qutenant begins to give new leaves (after about a month).

A ctenant stalk is a leaf with a leg on which it is attached to the stalk. Propagation by cuttings can also be carried out in the fall. To do this, cut the petiole dipped in a glass of water for several weeks before the roots. Additionally, you can cover the glass with a plastic bag. When the roots appear, the stalk is transplanted into the pot.

It is necessary to care for such a flower as a ctenant by watering, fertilizing and transplanting.

The humidity of the tropics causes a high demand for water in the ctenants, but do not allow the creation of puddles in the pan, otherwise the roots may rot. To prevent this situation can gravel, moss or absorbent cloth, located on the tray with a flower.

Watering is carried out under the leaves, preventing the formation of large drops of water on the foliage, because of which it can change color.

Water for irrigation and spraying should be pre-settled and heated to room temperature. You can also use rainwater.

The optimal interval for watering the plant is 2-3 days, but the dryness of the soil in the pot must be controlled.

Caring for the soil provides for its mandatory loosening and fertilizing. Fertilizers should be applied at least 1 time in half a month, using special liquid fertilizers intended for decorative leaf. In winter, this interval can be increased. Do not overfeed the plant, you can not allow a high content of calcium and nitrogen in the substrate, it can lead to his death.

It is recommended to replant the qutenta each spring, especially if it has grown heavily. You should not choose a large-sized pot for a medium-sized plant, it can lead to a halt of its growth.

Flowerpot is better to take from baked unglazed clay with holes at the bottom to remove excess moisture.

Do not forget to provide drainage in a pot for draining excess water. For this purpose, nuts or eggshells, small smooth stones, gravel, wood bark, foam plastic, etc. are placed on the bottom of the pot.

Diseases and pests

In case of improper care, a ktenant may be exposed to diseases or become a victim of pests. The following diseases are common:

  1. Root rot - a disease caused by excessive watering. The roots of the plant darken and begin to rot. This problem can be eliminated by cutting the diseased roots by spraying Bordeaux liquid, colloidal sulfur, cuproxate. Sometimes a solution of potassium permanganate or copper sulfate helps.
  2. Mealy dew - diseased leaves are powdered with flour. Treatment consists of spraying with benomyl, teofanate-methyl, rarely with soap and soda.
  3. Black fungus (black) - while the plant seems to be covered with soot. It is possible to neutralize such a fungus by washing the affected areas with soap and treating it with insect repellents.
  4. Rust - this disease is characterized by the presence of rust-colored pimples with a rash on the reverse side. From this disease can help fungicides or Bordeaux mixture.
  5. Leaf spot - wet spots with clear boundaries that arise from exposure to direct sunlight or excessive spraying.
Dangerous microorganisms that harm a ktenante are:

  1. Spider mite - cobwebs leaves and stalks. Turning over the sheet, you will see a brown dot. Alcohol, which needs to wipe the infected areas, will help to destroy it.
  2. Scutellum - round insects of pale brown color, which must be removed by treating it with turpentine, lube or kerosene. The plant should be washed.
  3. The whitefly is a very small white butterfly that eats the plant. You can get rid of them with a fumigator, adhesive tape, onion or garlic water.
  4. Mealybug - an oval-shaped insect plastered with white patina. You can get rid of it by wiping with a soap or alcohol solution, or using special chemicals.
  5. Aphids are small insects that come in different colors, living from the back of the leaves. You can fight them like a mealybird.
Pest control must take place in several stages to destroy the adult individuals and larvae.

Possible difficulties

You may encounter such problems when growing a ctenant:

  1. The leaves dry out and fold. Perhaps the air in the room is too dry, it is necessary to spray the flower.
  2. Spots on the leaves. The reason is exposure to direct sunlight or water. Remove the flower from the window or cover the glass with a curtain. Поливая ктенанту, избегайте попадания воды на листья.
  3. Гниение листьев — происходит из-за сквозняков. Не ставьте растение на подоконник.
  4. Кривой рост цветка происходит по причине недостатка света. Попробуйте переставить ктенанту в другую, более освещённую комнату.
By providing normal conditions to a ktenan, you can easily get a beautiful evergreen in return.

Selection and illumination

For normal development, you need bright diffused lighting. If the light is too bright, the leaves will dim, the size of the leaf plates will decrease. Avoid direct sunlight, especially in spring and summer. In winter, additional lighting is required. It can also grow under extremely artificial light - fluorescent lamps for 16 hours a day.

The best place for a plant will be windows of western or eastern orientation.

Air temperature

A quenta is very sensitive to temperature extremes, drafts, and overcooling of the root system can destroy the plant. The soil should warm up to 18-20 ° C, in summer - up to 22 ° C.

Water sparingly, letting the soil dry at 75% of the pot height. In the warm season, water more often, in winter - less. It is important not to overdry or bog earthy coma.

Watering ktenante requires regular, but no frills, as the drying of the upper layer of the substrate. In autumn and winter, watering is somewhat reduced. Watered with warm soft well settled, and even better filtered water. It is important to take care not to overdry, not to swamp the soil and to prevent cooling of the root system.

Why do ktenanta dry yellowing and curled leaves

Ktenanta dry and curl the leaves photo

The painful appearance of the plant is caused by care errors:

  • From low air temperature in combination with high humidity, the stems wither, rot. It is necessary to remove the affected areas, process the fungicide,
  • From the dryness of the air the leaves slow down the growth, the tips of the leaves dry,
  • Excessive or nutritional deficiencies: the tips of the leaves turn yellow-brown,
  • From insufficient watering, the leaves roll up, brown spots appear,
  • Leaves grow dull from too intense light,
  • Dry air or excessive watering leads to leaf fall,

Leaves dry, curl and turn yellow at violation of the correct mode of maintenance. Be careful: the lack of moisture in the leaves, because of what they curl, is not always a sign of insufficient watering. It is possible that you even poured the plant, from which the roots suffered and began to rot, which is why the above-ground part of the plant began to experience a lack of moisture.

Make sure that there is no stagnant water in the soil, and that the earth lump does not shrivel so as not to let the water through. Only you yourself can determine the cause of the disease condition of a ktenante. Often a transplant is required with mandatory inspection of the roots, replacement of the soil and treatment with a fungicide (phytosporin). Further care should provide the plant with moderate moisture without excesses.

Possible pests: mealybug, spider mite, whitefly, shchitovka. First remove them mechanically. Moisten a cotton pad with soapy water and wipe the leaves. After that, carry out insecticide treatment with repetition in 5-6 days two or three times.

Ktenanta: signs and superstitions about the flower

Like a close relative of the arrowroot, the ctenote attracts attention with its ambiguous energy. It is believed that the flower has a powerful force that protects the family hearth. It is desirable to place a flower in the bedroom of the spouses to strengthen family ties. Ktenanta also will be a good talisman in the nursery, giving even a restless child peace of mind and balance.

Many claim that the plant in an amazing way relieves fatigue, stress and painful conditions. That is why older people also recommended such a positive neighborhood.

As a whole, the plant creates an atmosphere of calm, conducive to peace and mutual understanding in the family.

Ctenanthe oppenheimiana Ctenant Oppenheim

Ctenant Oppenheim Ctenanthe oppenheimiana photo

About 1m high. The leaves are stretched to 20-40 cm. The surface of the leaf plate is velvety, painted green with stripes of light green or cream color, on the back is a purple color.