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Distinctive features of tiger lily care

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Lily is rightly called one of the oldest and not deprived of the attention of mankind plant on Earth. Her beauty was praised in the very first written works of Japanese poetry (8th century) and perpetuated in Cretan frescoes and ancient Egyptian drawings. For many centuries, it was considered a symbol of purity, freedom, hope, and even royal power. Today, the lily takes the second (after roses) a place among the most popular flowers in Europe and fourth in the world popularity rating, although in gardening it took its rightful place, alas, only at the beginning of the twentieth century. The fact is that wild species of lilies succumbed to "domestication" with great difficulty, since they demanded that gardeners study the characteristics of their development in nature and necessarily create similar conditions in amateur gardens. And this, especially in cases with the most spectacular species (for example, the golden lily), turned out mostly only for experienced collectors. The situation radically changed with the appearance of the first hybrids in the 19th century, which were characterized by a greater decorative effect and resistance to changing conditions of detention. The first "hybridization tests" were the most unpretentious and hardy in terms of winter-hardiness of the species, including Tiger Lily or Lanceolist (Lilium tigrinum, Lilium lancifolium). Despite its East Asian origin (its historical homeland is Japan and China), it even demonstrated in its climate the very “Siberian character”, as it could withstand the Russian winter no worse than the Siberian natural species L. tenuifolium, L. spectabile and L. pulchellum.

In addition to high winter hardiness, the unpretentiousness and decorativeness of this lily played a significant role. Compared to other species, it always places less demands on irrigation, soil nutrition and lightness: it is content with a minimum of fertilizers applied during planting, and with moderate soil moisture and good drainage it develops equally well in the sun and in light penumbra. This lily grows rather large (90-120 cm) and blooms in mid-summer (July-August), which allows you to successfully combine it with other single-flowering and perennial blooms (dahlias, phloxes, gladioli) blooming in summer, or revive it with flowering. flowering shrubs in spring, as well as hardwoods (ferns, hosts) and conifers. Like many other species, tiger lily looks gorgeous in group plantings of landscape style and hedges, where its relatively small (up to 12 cm in diameter) drooping dark-like flowers look like Chinese lanterns floating in the air. Characteristic features of this type of lily are its natural “tiger” color - usually rich orange with black or dark red spots, and the lack of smell in flowers.

Forms and hybrids

Interestingly, the mottling of the petals and the lack of smell are always transmitted during hybridization, although the pronounced natural talmiform form and the “drooping” type of inflorescences are not always, therefore, tiger lily hybrids are often classified as separate species and give them individual species names. The most famous garden forms of tiger lily are: “standard” tall bright orange (L. tigrinum var splendens), terry (L. tigrinum var plenescens), yellow-flowered (L. tigrinum var flaviflorum) and with salmon-orange shade of flowers (L. tigrinum var fortunei). The hybrids of this lily that go on sale can have the most unpredictable color with dark specks - from white ("White Tiger") and all sorts of shades of pink and orange ("Pink Flavor", "Pink Tiger", "Flore Pleno", "Red Tiger" ) to a rich red-burgundy ("Night Flyer", "Hiawatha"). Note: since the smell is not present in both of them, it means that even people who are prone to allergies or “fragrant migraines” can grow them in the garden and use them for cutting without a threat to health.

Distinctive features of tiger lily

Considering that among species lilies there are several similar ones (tall, with orange flowers and dark specks), and the name “lily” is popularly used to denote even other plants (the same day lily, euharis, etc.) indicate the features that, when buying a real tiger lily, will help to distinguish it from “false lilies” and similar species, and even from hybrids. Quite often, inexperienced growers call the Tiger Naturalized Orange Daylily (Hemerocallis fulva), a perennial rhizomatous plant, which also blooms from mid-summer with orange flowers on high peduncles and is characterized by relative shade and frost resistance. It is easiest to distinguish a daylily from a tiger lily by leaves: the first one has long, arched, gathered in the rosette, and the flower stalks have no leaves, and the second has a shorter, narrow lanceolate-shaped (hence the second name of the species), are located along the stem to the very the tops. In addition, the flowers of the daylily are funnel-shaped rather than turbid-like, and fade after 1 to 2 days, while the lily keeps for almost a week. As for the other species, the characteristic Lilium (L. superbum) and Lily Henry (L. henryi) are also characteristic of the turbid-shaped form of flowers and the specks on the petals. Outwardly, the first of them is easy to distinguish from the tiger lily according to the structure of the leaves: their next arrangement is observed only in the upper part of the stalk of the lily splendid, since in the lower part they are arranged in whistles (small rosettes on the stem) with 5-7 leaves each. Lily Henry, on the other hand, can be identified by the color of a violet-red bulb (it is white in a tiger lily) and the presence of a nectar-bearing furrow (reminiscent of the “bearded” bearded iris) on the flower petals. The clear difference between both species and the tiger lily is that the latter forms in the upper leaf axils small dark brown pochkolukichki, with which it can easily reproduce even without the participation of the gardener.

Pay attention: pochkolukovichki a tiger lily formed on the stem very early - literally from the second year of life, although the plant begins to bloom only in the 3rd - 4th year. At the same time, with age, the number of povkolukovichek grows annually: in the first year there are an average of 20, in the second - about 40, and in the third - more than 80. Interestingly, in the first year of development, a planted pokkolukuchka increases only a whorl (outlet) from 5 - 8 leaves 15–20 cm long, and the tiger leafy stalk characteristic of the lily with buds with small leaves — only from the second year of life. Tiger lily hybrids also form pokkolukovichki from the second year of life, but with the entry of plants into flowering, their number, on the contrary, decreases and, in the end, they, alas, most hybrids cease to form. Considering that the collection and planting of buds are the easiest and fastest way to reproduce these lilies, it is recommended to start this procedure as soon as possible when growing hybrids. By the way, when buying planting material to distinguish a real tiger lily from a hybrid, pay attention to the marking of the plant, which indicates that the lily belongs to a particular group (from 1 to 9), the direction of its flowers (a - up, b - sideways or with - down) and their shape (a - tubular, b - cup-shaped, c - flat or d - small-shaped). In accordance with the International Classification, tiger lily hybrids belong to the group I (Asian hybrids, The Asiatic Hybrids) and, depending on the direction of the flowers, may be labeled Ia, Ib and Ic. A tiger lily together with other species of lilies included in group IX (species of lilies, Kinds of lilies) and always has the mark IHC / d, which means - "species lily with drooping tall-shaped flowers."

Lily mosaic virus

By the way, the noticeable differences between the tiger lily and its hybrids are not limited to this. As a result of many years of observation, botanists have discovered that this species is a permanent natural carrier of the lily mosaic virus (atypical spots on the leaves). And although it doesn’t manifest itself in any way on the decorative effect of tiger lily and its development, in the garden it may pose a threat to other varieties and species. Theoretically, the lilies of Ganson, Brown, leopard and wispy ones are tolerant to viruses, and Sargent, Henry, Wilmott, the drooping and royal lilies are affected very much, so before planting a tiger lily in the garden you will have to evaluate the risks for the collection already growing in it. Considering the fact that viral diseases are transmitted by sucking insects even from neighboring sites, and the affected plants are no longer cured, it is recommended to combine tiger lily in the garden with the above virus-resistant species or similar natural carriers - L. Testaceum lily, or grow it in the country, and valuable varietal specimens - in the garden. Fortunately, tiger virus lily hybrids are not “inherited” by inheritance, so they don’t pose a special risk for a valuable collection unless, of course, carelessly planting material is infected in a nursery.

Tiger lily planting

If these shortcomings do not frighten you and look like trifles compared to the decorative and resistant tiger lily, plant it in a garden in a place protected from strong wind and slightly elevated, where she would grow at least 3 - 4 years without transplanting. Prepare the soil for planting by the beginning of autumn, because immediately after the end of flowering, the lily bulb will be loose, with thin scales, and will gain elasticity only after 1 - 1.5 months. In the harsh climate, where the frosts begin early, it is desirable, of course, to transfer this procedure to spring. Both tiger lily and its hybrids develop best on nutritious, slightly acidic light soils. Therefore, at the site of future planting, pre-deep (30 - 35 cm) loosening and, if necessary, add sand (in heavy clay soil), ash or lime (in too sour) and fertilizers - humus, phosphate (superphosphate) and potash (potash salt) fertilizers - at the rate of 7–8 kg, 100 g and 50 g, respectively, per each square meter. As a rule, with such preliminary soil preparation, the tiger lily and its hybrids do not need further dressing until the next transplant, which is recommended to be carried out no later than after 5 years. By this time, the plants are already too thickened, bloom worse and lose decorativeness. Plant the bulbs in a 20 x20 cm scheme to a depth of 10 to 15 cm, and preferably on a drainage “cushion” of sand, and after the procedure, pour freshly planted lilies abundantly. In the future, the care of plants will be minimal: they do not need to be sheltered for the winter, they should also be fed, but weeds should be watered, watered in dry weather, the soil should be loosened and the dried stalks should be removed (unscrewed). For better preservation of moisture, planting tiger lily and its hybrids can be mulched with peat or compacted with short growing flowers (such as Drummond's phlox).

Breeding

Please note: the uncontrolled reproduction of the lily of the tiger-tree chrysolimidae can lead to excessive thickening of the plantings. So, it is better to take control of this process right away — collect the onion in August-September and plant them in a prepared place to a depth of 5 cm in the grooves with a minimum row spacing of 10 cm. They are rooted in the fall and usually overwinter well, but in case of severe frosts , with the beginning of soil freezing, it is advisable to cover the bed until spring with a layer of leaves (no thicker than 10 - 15 cm). Self-seeding in the matter of thickening of tiger lily is less of a problem, since the germination of its seeds is usually very low (below 70%). Reproduction with the same scales, which is better to combine with the transplant procedure, is also acceptable, but more troublesome. After separation from the mother bulb, it is necessary to powder the scales with charcoal or TMTD powder, then germinate in greenhouse conditions (20 - 25 ° C) for 2 to 3 months in wet sand (sphagnum, sawdust, etc.) and keep until planting spring in a cool, dimly lit place. Despite the fact that lilies grown from flakes can bloom a year earlier (2–3 years) than those grown from buds, most gardeners prefer not to bother with scales and more often use a simpler method of reproduction.

Medicinal properties

Speaking about the advantages and disadvantages of tiger lily, it is impossible not to mention that this plant is not only beautiful, but also useful. The bulbs and flowers of this lily are used in traditional medicine for the preparation of decoctions and preparations that have anesthetic, hemostatic, tonic and expectorant effect. They are prescribed in the treatment of heart and lung diseases, menstrual pain, abscesses, furunculosis, to improve appetite, etc. The active ingredients of this lily are one of the components of “Mastodinon” - a herbal preparation for treating menstrual disorders and mastopathy. In the East, tiger bulbs and flowers are regularly used for food: the first is eaten raw or cooked in milk, and the second is dried as a seasoning. Note: despite the usefulness and safety of this plant, it can have a toxic effect on cats (no more on any animals).

And, finally, another advantage in growing tiger lilies and its hybrids can be considered the possibility of their rapid forcing at home. Compared with other natural species and varieties that require from 70 to 200 days to start flowering from the start of distillation, in tiger lily it occurs after 40 to 60 days, and in hybrids 60 to 70 after the emergence of sprouts. For distillation, it is necessary to select 3-year-old dense onions in the fall during transplantation and plant them one by one in any nutrient subacidic soil in pots (drainage is obligatory!) With a diameter of 14-15 cm or 2 - 3 bulbs in pots wide (25 cm in diameter). After that, the pots need to be moved to a cool place for two to three months and constantly maintain the soil in them in a slightly moist state until sprouts appear on the surface. From this point on, the temperature of the content should be gradually increased to 18 - 20 ° C, and then the distillation plants should be transferred to the brightest room (under artificial light) and they should be regularly irrigated with water at room temperature. The blooming of the distillation lily of the tiger and its hybrids lasts on average about a month, but if desired, it can be delayed if after dyeing the buds to bring the plants to a cool (+5 - 8 ° C) greenhouse or to a glazed loggia. By the way, the bulbs can be planted in pots not immediately after the digging, but after short (not longer than 1.5 months) storage in the refrigerator (at +2 - 4 ° C), which will allow even longer stretching the flowering of several vigorous plants. Obviously, in comparison with the cut-off lilies, which in a vase retain freshness for no longer than 2 weeks, flowering much longer, distilling look more attractive at home, although they require more attention from the florist. By the way, further vilage lilies with regular transplants can be successfully reused for forcing or as container plants for decorating well-lit verandas or gazebos.

Despite the fact that the reputation of the lily of the tiger can often “spoil” its natural propensity for viral diseases, it would be foolish to ignore the merits of this plant even today, when the choice of modern varieties and hybrids of lilies is about 4000 names. After all, if you wish, and for its cultivation, you can pick up, if not quite “typical”, but the right approach.

Varieties of tiger lilies

In the wild, this perennial herb is found in China and Japan. In addition to tiger, it bears another name - lance lantolithous lily. The first description was given by the famous Swedish botanist Karl Linnaeus in 1753.

In height it grows up to two meters, it has a large whitish bulb. Leaves narrow, lanceolate. The flowers hang on the stalks. They are orange or red-orange, covered with dark purple spots and gathered in racemes. Wild plant served as the basis for the creation of many cultivated varieties. A variety of gardeners is very popular Splendens, featuring large bright orange flowers. At grade “Yellow flowers” ​​(Flaviflorum) lemon-yellow flowers, in variety Night flyer - red and maroon, and Pink tiger - pink. The variety "Forchuna" (Fortunei) is distinguished by an earlier onset of flowering.

Soil preparation and planting

Ideal for tiger lilies are light and slightly acid soils. Before planting, the soil is loosened, while the depth of loosening is 30-35 cm. If the soil is heavy, clay, then sand and ash are added to it. In the case of poor soil, it is desirable to fertilize it with humus, superphosphate and potassium salt at the rate of 7 kg of humus, 100 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium salt per square meter.

The bulbs are planted in conditional cells measuring 20 x 20 cm. The depth of planting is 10-15 cm. Sand is added to the bottom of the landing holes - this “cushion” is needed for better drainage. Before planting the bulbs, they are kept in a manganese bath for about half an hour (use 5 g of potassium permanganate per bucket of water). Чтобы высаженные луковицы гарантированно пережили зиму, клумбы укутывают лапником (еловым или сосновым).

Полив, подкормка, уход за почвой

После посадки тигровой лилии в открытый грунт особый уход за ней и подкормка не требуются. However, in hot weather, need watering every night, and when watering water should not fall on the foliage, because it can cause sunburn in the plant. To retain moisture, mulching with peat or sawdust is also used. The soil is loosened periodically.

Fight against diseases and pests

The plant is quite resistant to diseases and pests, but can still be affected by gray rot, rust, fusarium. To combat them, various fungicides are used. Of the pests that can damage lilies, you can mention a lily fly, aphids, moth, leaf beetle, thrips. Insecticides are used against them.

Distillation at home

One of the most useful properties of the tiger lily is the possibility of forcing it, i.e., artificially accelerating development in the home. For distillation using three-year bulbs, which are planted in the fall in pots. These pots for 2-3 months are placed in a cool place, while the soil should remain slightly moist. After the appearance of sprouts, the temperature is gradually raised to +20 ° C, and then the plants are transferred to a bright room. The flowering of such a lily lasts about a month.

So, the tiger lily is very attractive to the gardener, despite some shortcomings (danger to cats, the source of the viral disease). This spectacular flower can be an ornament to any flower garden.

When and how to plant lilies

Cultivation of any plant begins with its planting. If the tiger lily only recently caught your attention, it means that the bulbs you purchased in a store or on the market. Remember that you must treat them with extreme care - damaged ones, they either will not spawn a plant at all, or it will not bloom in you. Until planting, the bulbs should be kept cool so that they do not prematurely produce sprouts. In order for a beautiful and strong tiger lily to grow, it must be planted in the spring, when you are completely sure that the frosts are over. However, if you have your own planting material, the bulbs can be planted in the soil in the fall.

Replanting adult lilies is useful at least once every two years. If they feel great and flowering is not scanty, then you can extend this period to five years. But if the flowers are affected by a disease, an unplanned transplant will be necessary to save them.

Subtleties of care

What is especially good tiger lily, so it is their relative simplicity. First of all, she doesn’t need daily watering. Water is required only with a rather deep drying of the soil. At the same time, it should be given in sufficient volume so that it reaches the bulbs. Even taking into account the absence of the need for regular fertilizing, when it is the tiger lily that is grown, caring for it, however, still involves fertilizing. This is especially important during the period of active growth and flowering. Fertilizing flowers will have at this time every three weeks. In addition to these actions, it is also necessary to cut the leaves and stems when they are yellowing, remove the pods, weed weeds and remove faded flowers. As you can see, nothing complicated and time consuming.

If you want a lot of lilies

Some varieties of these flowers form, near the stem base, in the foliar sinuses, a kind of bulbous. Gives them and tiger lily. Breeding it becomes very simple, if you use these bulbochki. In late August and almost until mid-October, they are carefully collected from plants and planted in containers filled with sand. These boxes for wintering clean in a cool room - the basement, shed, garage or attic is quite suitable. In the spring they are transferred to the soil. The bulbs of such bulbboxes will be at best in a year, but they will be strong and full. If you live in places without harsh winters, bulbochki can be placed immediately in the ground, but it will have to carefully monitor the temperature: when lowering it to minus two, the ground must be covered so that the planting does not freeze out.

When using pokolukovitsev for reproduction, we must remember that next year they already give a plant that can bloom. However, it should not be allowed to bloom: the tiger lily at this age has not yet got stronger, it will have small flowers, and she herself is very exhausted and can die. It is better to pinch the buds at the stage of formation and wait for the next year, when the plant will get stronger and come into full force.

How to increase the amount of planting material

Most of the brooches give young lilies. That is why experienced flower growers advise regularly to update flowerbeds, plant new plants to old plants. A lot of buds appear in a wet, rainy summer. If you need planting material, you can simulate a suitable weather: shade the area and put the sprinkler. Just approach the sprinkling carefully so that the bulbs of adult plants do not start to rot. The formation of bulbs and in the absence of flowering increases, so you can simply pinch off the buds. This method is most effective at the earliest stage. If the buds have already begun to be colored (and, all the more so, bloom), the number of buds will not change at all, or only slightly.

general description

In the wild, the plant has become widespread in Japan, China, Europe. In the Russian Federation is found on Sakhalin, the central black-earth part of the country, the Kuriles and Primorye.

Sometimes the flower is called "grassy lamb" or "lanceolate perennial." Tall flower reaches more than 1.5 meters.

It has a creeping root system. Has a miniature oval bulbs snow white. The stem of the plant is straight, cylindric, brown.

It has a small snow-white felt pubescence. The leaves of the flower are lanceolate. In the boxes at the base of the stem, miniature oval bulbs of black color are formed.

Visually see the Tiger Lily in the photo below:

Home care

Consider how to care for tiger lily.

Flowers stalky, very large. In diameter reach 7-9 cm. The main color is bright orange.

Some hybrids can be pink, red, golden hue. The flowers have small purple blotches. Flowers have a pleasant delicate floral aroma.

Also, some forms of the subspecies may be terry. They have small soft fibers.

On palpation, they resemble natural velvet or velor. Terry flowers have different shades. But they don't smell.

REFERENCE! Such a subspecies was derived especially for people with allergic reactions to sharp floral smells. Flowering begins in early July.

Holding up more 20-25 days. If not enough good conditions can last 6-8 days. After flowering fruit box is formed.

After flowering is necessary cut dried flowers.

ATTENTION! In summer, you can not trim the leaves. They need a flower for photosynthesis.

In late August, the plant must begin to prepare for the winter. To do this, cut off the stem. There should be a stump equal to 8-10 cm.

Planting and transplanting

In open ground, plant a flower should be on an elevated site. At home, use wide and deep containers. Soil should be light and loose.

It is necessary that the soil was with a slightly acid or neutral reaction. Drainage must be placed on the bottom of the pot. Pebbles, expanded clay or broken shards can be used.

Bushes are planted in the middle of the tank. Depth of landing should not exceed 5 cm. Width should be equal to 10 cm.

It is better to plant one bush in one pot. When transplanting, you can use the scaly method of reproduction.

Temperature

Plant prefers warm temperate climate. Grows actively at temperature 19-26 ° C.

IMPORTANT! At home, it is not recommended to place containers with a flower near heating appliances. In this case, the humidity of the air will be dry. The plant will have to be sprayed daily with water from a sprayer.

If the flower grows on the west or north side, it is almost does not need. In hot weather with abundant sunshine, for active formation will require moderate systematic irrigation.

They are best carried out in the morning or afternoon, so that over the day excessive moisture can evaporate. After flowering, the procedure should be gradually reduced. To hold the water, you can use pallets with wood moss or sawdust.

The chosen place for the growth of bushes should be well protected. With a lack of light, the plant will not form. Growth will slow down a lot. Lilies bloom only in good light. Therefore, they are recommended to grow in bright spacious rooms.

How to help lilies survive the winter

For all its unpretentiousness, the tiger lily is very vulnerable in the cold. Wintering bulbs easily freeze, so they must be carefully "hidden". The best covering materials are peat or manure, and their layer must be at least 10 centimeters. In the absence of both, it is possible to cover the ground with fallen leaves covered with polyethylene. But note: the leaves may contain wintering pests for which you will thus create the ideal conditions for survival.

Among the representatives of the lily family, the place of honor is taken by the tiger lily, the beauty of which does not leave indifferent any woman.

In the wild, this perennial plant grows in Japan and China, and its second name is Lanceolate Lily. Despite its East Asian origin, the tiger beauty has a true "Siberian" frost resistance, unpretentious care and excellent decor.

Description of varieties of tiger lilies, their features and photos

Tiger lily can reach two meters in height. It has a large whitish onion with a diameter of 6-8 cm with wide scales, which can be edible. It is noteworthy that in China, Japan and Korea, this lily is cultivated as a vegetable: sweet bulbs are eaten, and flowers are used for seasoning.

The flowers of the tiger lily are orange or brick-red in color, against which large dark-violet inclusions adorn. They have a turbid shape, their diameter is 10-12 cm, the smell is absent. Inflorescence loose, on one strong dark stem about 5-7 flowers (but not more than 15). The flowering period is in the middle and end of July.

Interesting. All components of the tiger lily, including pollen, are deadly for cats. Swallowed plant parts can cause renal failure and, as a consequence, sudden death.

Wild tiger lily became the basis for the creation of a large number of cultivated varieties. Splendens is one of the most popular. It is characterized by large fiery orange flowers with a lot of dark purple spots. Blooms profusely - up to 20 flowers in the inflorescence. The height of the stem is about 100 cm. It is a hardy and unpretentious lily, which grows well both in the sun and in the shade.

A photo. Wild tiger lily

It also occurs variety of Night Flyer, distinguished by red-maroon flowers with rare dark patches. This variety reaches a height of 120 cm, the diameter of the flower is about 16 cm. It blooms in the second half of summer, multiplies quickly and without problems. Maintains the lowest temperatures.

A photo. Tiger Lily Night Flyer

Distinctive feature Pink Tiger varieties are flowers of pink or reddish-orange shade with dark specks. Plant height varies from 70 to 120 cm, the diameter of the flowers is up to 10 cm, the shape is chalmous, drooping. Representatives of this variety are most susceptible to viral diseases.

A photo. Pink Tiger Lily Tiger

Not less interesting hybrid is considered terry lily flora pleno (flore pleno). Has up to 36 petals, color bright red with black specks. The uniqueness of the variety is that as the flower comes off, the petals start to bend back. The height of the terry lily is from 60 to 90 cm, the diameter of the flower is 10-12 cm. In winter it can withstand up to -34 degrees.

A photo. Terry Lily Flora Pleno

Another variety of tiger lily - Citronella (Citronella)with flowers of pronounced yellow color with dark patches. Especially appreciated by gardeners for long flowering (20-25 days). Height - 100-130 cm, diameter of flowers - 8-12 cm.

A photo. Tiger lily citronella

Planting tiger lilies

The advantage of tiger lily is its undemanding and easy to care, but you should know the basic rules of planting this ornamental plant. The best time for planting is considered to be the last decade of August or the beginning of September, but under the condition of early frosts, planting is postponed until spring after the cessation of frosts.

An ideal place for growth is flat, isolated from strong wind, slightly elevated terrain with quality drainage. The tiger lily likes to soak up the sun, but the basal area should be shaded with the help of low-growing plants, such as dense decorative greenery.

For growing lilies of this variety, light, slightly acidic and nutritious soils are optimally suited. Before direct planting, the soil should be loosened, taking into account the loosening depth - 30-35 cm. In the presence of heavy clay soil, it is flavored with sand, ash and lime. If the soil is not fertile, it will not be superfluous to fertilize it with humus, potassium salt and superphosphate in a ratio of 7 kg x 50 g x 100 g per 1 square meter.

Tiger lily bulbs are planted in the prepared and heated soil.

The landing process boils down to a few simple steps:

  • Prepare 20 x 20 cm cells with a 10-15 cm depth of planting material,
  • fill the bottom of the wells with sand, since such a “pillow” provides good drainage,
  • bulbs before planting, soak in a solution of potassium permanganate (5 g of substance per bucket of water) and land after half an hour,
  • After planting, pour abundantly, and cover the soil on top with a high layer of peat chips.

Watering and loosening the soil

If the choice of planting place fell on the north or west side, then the plant practically does not need watering. But in hot weather with excessive exposure to sunlight should be carried out regularly moderate watering, it is better in the morning or daytime for the timely evaporation of excess moisture.

When watering water should not fall on the leaves - it is fraught with sunburn. To preserve moisture, you can resort to the use of pallets with sawdust, peat or forest moss. After flowering, the frequency of watering should be gradually reduced.

From time to time it is necessary to loosen the soil, weed weeds and remove faded flowers. After flowering, dried flowers are cut off, but this cannot be done in the summer, because they take part in photosynthesis. In late August, the plant is prepared for winter: the stem is cut, leaving a stump 8-10 cm tall.

If lilies grow on the southern side of the site, they are periodically watered at the root.

Protection against diseases and pests

This representative of the flora is sufficiently resistant to diseases, but like everyone else there is a risk of infection with some diseases: rust, gray rot, gall tumor and fusarium. To combat them, fungicides and bactericides are used: Alirin-B, Bordeaux liquid, Baktofit, Hamair, Diskor, Maxim, etc.

Among the pests, tiger lilies are susceptible to lily flies, aphids, leaf beetles, scoops, thrips and hops. Spraying with insecticides will help to get rid of annoying insects, the most popular of which are Aktara and Konfidor.

Attention. The tiger lily is a natural carrier of the lily mosaic virus, characterized by atypical spots on the leaves. In the garden, such a plant can be a threat to other varieties and species, as the virus is carried by insects. Tiger lily hybrids do not inherit this virus.

Some diseases cause damage to the leaves and flowers of tiger lilies.

Breeding methods

Tiger lily can be grown from seeds or bulbs.

Tiger lily can breed by different methods. In the pokolukovichny method, the collection of planting material is carried out in late summer - early autumn. Plant bulbs should be in wide boxes on the previously prepared soil. In mid-autumn, the plant is fully rooted, and winter is tolerated fairly easily. It is important to remember that the uncontrolled reproduction of lilies with pokkolukuchikami can cause excessive thickening of plantings.

Sowing seeds is another breeding method that does not give a picture of thickening. However, seed germination is extremely low - less than 70%.

Reproduction scales - more time-consuming process, which is optimally combined with the procedure of transplantation. After the discharge from the mother bulb, the scales are flavored with charcoal, after which for 2-3 months they are germinated in moist sand in greenhouse conditions with a temperature of 20-25 degrees. Before planting in spring, they are stored in a cool, dimly lit place. The lilies obtained from the scales may bloom for the 2–3th year.

Use in landscape decoration and combination with other colors

Tiger lilies are often found in the landscape design of the garden plot. Given the impressive height of these royal plants, it is advisable to place them in the background using a flower arrangement. At the same time it is necessary to take into account the shades of plants, the texture of their leaves and flowers.

Brick-red tiger lilies will look great surrounded by lupine, cornflower, delphinium, and escholtion. Желтые гибриды лилий превосходно сочетаются с нарциссами, лапчаткой, бересклетом и тюльпанами. Розовые лилии хорошо выглядят на фоне папоротника, пионов и астильбы, а махровые лилии могут создать великолепную композицию с пионами и флоксами.

Tiger lilies blend beautifully with many garden flowers.

Ground-cover ornamental plants planted between tiger lilies look very advantageous: Sedum, saxifrage, rostrum, terry or feathery carnation, young, periwinkle small and large. No less original will be the combination of high lilies with stunted conifers, such as cypress and juniper.

Information on growing and caring for tiger lilies.

Tiger lilies bewitched by large flowers, painted in fiery orange color with dark specks. You may well remember them from your grandmother’s garden, where they were lost among peonies and lilacs. Today, to a large extent, nostalgic lilies have been supplanted by newer Asian hybrids.

Tiger lilies (Lilium lancifolium or Lilium tigrinum) - perennial bulbous plants that can reach up to 75-150 cm in height. They were first described by the famous Swedish botanist Carl Linnaeus (Linnaeus) in 1753. The name "tiger" probably refers to the dark purple or black spots on the petals. There are two varieties: Oriental tiger lilies (Lilium lancifolium or tigrinum) - multiply by the bulbs that form in the leaf axils (or division) and Wild tiger lilies (Ditch Lily) - breed by tuberous roots.

We will talk about eastern tiger lilies. They come from China, Japan and Korea. Previously grown in the East as a food crop. And all thanks to edible bulbs that taste like our potatoes. In the West, tiger lilies landed in perennial gardens, as ornamental plants.

These plants are winter-hardy and unpretentious. Flowering stems are usually tough and durable. They are able to produce up to ten flowers on the stem. Flowers grow in mass on top of one stem. Flowers can be simple and terry (Lilium lancifolium flora-pleno).

Simple tiger lilies consist of six stamens, one pistil. Anthers are large, well visible. Sepals effectively curved. Flowers stalky, can reach up to 8 cm in diameter. Terry tiger lilies (Lilium lancifolium flora-pleno) have from 24 to 36 petals. And at the same time - you will not see any stamens. Therefore, terry flowers are ideal for cutting. The orange color of the flowers is predominant, but yellow, white and red varieties of tiger lilies are also known. Leaves lanceolate, densely sessile. Flowers exudes a strong, sweet and distinct lily aroma. There is an old belief that if you smell tiger lily flowers, you will have freckles.

How to grow tiger lilies:

Growing tiger lilies can even do a beginner florist. They grow well in the sun and in partial shade, and require fertile soil. Can successfully grow up to 6 years or more in one place. Therefore, be sure to consider all the requirements of lilies.

Since these plants grow from bulbs, they will not tolerate moist soil. Therefore, be sure to plant them in well-drained soil. Otherwise, you may find that the onions have rotted. To ensure proper drainage, it may be necessary to make “corrections” to the soil before planting. This can add compost or humus. Peat moss, sand, straw can not only improve drainage, but also retain moisture. If the soil is poor, before planting it is necessary to add organic or mineral fertilizers (but in no case fresh manure). The depth of planting depends on the quality of the soil, the variety and the size of the bulb. The optimum planting depth is equal to the diameter of 2-3 bulbs.

You can plant tiger lily bulbs into containers and keep them in the basement until germs appear. At low temperatures, roots will begin to form. When it gets warmer, you can take out the containers to the open air, or even transplant young plants along with a clod of earth into the open ground. The planting period is spring or autumn.

Tiger lily: how to provide her care:

Right tiger lily care prolongs the flowering period and prevents the aggravation of the disease in the flower garden. If you expect cold weather after planting, grumble lilies. Remember that young shoots should be protected from late frosts. Fertilizers are needed only for the poorest soils. Provide approximately 2.5 cm of water in one weekly watering, except during hot, dry periods when additional watering may be necessary.

Tiger lilies resistant to drought and disease. They are sterile, and do not give seeds. They can, however, be propagated by the onion that grows in the leaf axils. Also, all 4-5 summer plants should be divided in the fall. Dig out the bulbs and separate them. Immediately proceed with their planting, using only healthy bulbs. In late autumn, the ground part is cut, and the plants are mulched with a 10-centimeter layer.

Tags: tiger lily bulbs, terry tiger lilies, tiger lilies, tiger lily care

Lilies - Planting and Care in Open Ground

Lilies - planting and care in the open field

Lilies are very loved by growers of all countries, but they are especially revered in France, it’s not for nothing that the lily is a symbol of the royal power of this country. For one variety of lilies, royal status is official - it is the royal lily (L. regale). It originates from China and grows in a valley of a mountain river, has tubular flowers up to 15 cm in length and is famous for its very strong aroma.

Growing lilies in the garden has its own subtleties that you need to know if you want this flower to please you with its beauty.

Different flower growers apply their tricks in growing lilies. But there are general principles that are best followed if you want to achieve an excellent result.

How to choose lily bulbs for planting

When choosing bulbs in the market and store, carefully ensure that the bulbs are healthy and large. You can not take the bulbs of lilies with dried scales.

If you bought bulbs out of season, it is important to know how to keep them safe and sound.

If the bulbs are bought in the spring, when it is too early to plant in the ground - then you need to store them in the refrigerator tray. If your lily is in the package, but has already begun to germinate, then simply cut a hole for unimpeded growth of the plant, otherwise the stem is deformed and this will affect its further outlines.

When buying lilies in the fall before planting, you can keep them in a dark room. In the fall you need to have time to plant the bulbs until mid-October.

Planting lily bulbs in the ground

A place for planting must be chosen carefully, because the lilies do not like to be disturbed by the year 4. And then they will still need to be seated. It is best to plant lilies of one sort in groups - so your flowerbed will look more attractive.

You should not buy one bulb of different varieties, it is best to buy at least three of one variety - the group will be more attractive to see flowers in the garden.

Make a hole about 40 cm in size and 20 cm in depth, put a layer of fertile land about 5 cm at the bottom. Place three onions 20-25 cm apart and cover with earth. As a rule, lilies in the ground are planted to a depth of two heights of the bulb.

Fertilizer for lilies

When planting lilies should be mineral fertilizers, to which these flowers are very responsive. You can simply sprinkle the planting site with granulated mineral fertilizers for the bulbous. It is best to fertilize lilies at least twice a year - in the spring, when the sprouts make their way, and in the fall before wintering.

Organics under the lily should not make! This can provoke a number of diseases, which we, of course, do not want.

It is best to choose a place for a flower bed with lilies in the partial shade, so that the sun shines before lunch, and after dinner there is a shade of coolness. Plant a lily so that it is in the sun, and its leg is in the shade.

To do this, under the lily can be planted low plants, ground cover or sredneroslye. Lilies with hosts that cover their lush leaves with lush leaves will look very nice. Also it can be astilby, daisies, many low annuals.

For the lily to bloom well, she must have enough sunlight. Frequent watering of lilies is not needed, but in the summer heat, when there is no rain, it should be watered at least after 2 days. After flowering the plant should not be watered.

In Eurasia, a flower such as lily, is found everywhere. Thanks to his beauty and grace, many poems of great poets are devoted to this flower of the lily family.

Also associated with the lily are many legends that came to us from ancient Greece. One of them associates the white color of some varieties of lilies with the droplets of milk of the ancient Greek goddess Hera. In Christians, the same white lily symbolizes the Mother of God.

How to choose and store the bulbs?

Lily bulbs should be large, fleshy and healthy, without dried scales. Before planting, the bulbs when stored in the spring are stored in a dark cool place that can easily become the bottom drawer of the refrigerator. If the purchase was made in the fall, the onion, in this case, it is better to store in a dark ventilated area.

Do not forget that the deadline for planting lilies is mid-October.

As in the case of planting any other plant, you must first choose the right place for planting.

  • Choose a site that is protected from wind and draft, as this can destroy the plant.
  • Sunshine should be generously lowered to the chosen place, that is, a permanent shadow is not acceptable.
  • Suitable drained and not too dense soil, to achieve what it is necessary to loosen.
  • The acidity of the soil is selected depending on the type of plant.
  • Before planting lilies, it is important to fertilize the soil (about a month) and water it abundantly.

How exactly is the planting of this flower in autumn and spring?

  • At the site in the ground to make holes, at the bottom of which fall asleep sand.
  • Next, dip the bulb, not forgetting to straighten the roots, after which it is covered with coarse sand.
  • The rest is covered with fertile soil and watered.

This is the main care for the lily, as well as skilful weeding. The flower needs frequent watering, especially taking into account the lily flowering period. After flowering, watering should be minimized or even completely stopped.

Watering is better to carry out under the root, since the moisture will penetrate to it much faster, but the strong moisture of the leaves will lead to gray rot.

Care during flowering

The main measure for the care of a lily during flowering is garter. Since many varieties have quite large flowers, several on one stem, a fracture of the plant is not excluded. To prevent this, you need to tie up to some kind of rod.

If you want to please yourself with a fresh cut bouquet, then cut the stem obliquely, after having previously washed the cutter, so as not to spread the infection. It is important to leave the stem in height 2/3 of its primary growth, otherwise it carried may bloom the next time.

After flowering is necessary to remove dried flowers.

Preparing for the winter

Before the onset of winter, the lily stems should be cut to the very root, leaving only 10-15 cm. The diagonal cut is the priority so that during the rain it does not accumulate moisture. Then the daylily should be covered with something, for example, with leaves or a simple film, however, provided that this process takes place on dry soil, otherwise the bulbs will rot under the film.

The first few years of lilies do not transplant, then it is done in the fall. However, do not disturb the plant during flowering and the next few weeks after it, because the bulbs are too weak to disturb them.

Transplantation is carried out only if the flowerbed is overgrown, and one flower does not give another to grow to the end.

The transplant process is easy. The ground is poddevaetsya forks and from there are selected several bulbs, which will be transplanted.

Problems in growing lilies

  • If you grow eastern varieties of lilies, then for better growth they must be sheltered from the rain.
  • If you re-moisten the soil, the flowers will not bloom for a long time and quickly fade. To prevent this, you do not need to flood the flower, you should reduce the frequency of watering, because not always more is better.
  • In addition, the plant may wither due to overheating of the roots. To prevent direct sunlight from reaching the root system, plant other flowers around the lilies. They will create a peculiar barrier from the sun and provide shade for the roots of the plant. Also, as a barrier, sun protection shelters represented by leaves will do.

Despite the fact that after such treatment, the flowers will become less attractive for a while, but they will be healthy and continue to please the eye during the next flowering.

Plant morphology

A lily flower consists of six tepals of the perianth - it can look like a bell, and maybe like a wide open cup with a diameter from 5 centimeters to 25 centimeters. In the very center of the flower is nectar, which attracts pollinators who love sweets.

The pistil has a thick 3-lobed stigma, and stamens that have long legs grow around it. The underground part of the plant consists of roots and bulbs. Pictures and photos of various varieties of lilies, as well as their varieties of color, are now widely represented on the Internet on specialized sites for summer residents / gardeners.

The reproduction and planting of lilies is also described in detail on such web resources.

The process of bulb formation occurs during the first year after planting the seeds. Nevertheless, as long as such plants, such as white lilies, do not grow enough (3-5 years), they bloom poorly or do not bloom absolutely.

After reaching a bulb of a certain size, the plant begins to bloom every year.

In the process of breeding such plants as, for example, beautiful Asiatic lilies in the garden, one should take into account the fact that susceptibility to viral diseases in those flowers whose reproduction originated from seeds is much less.

Lily: care features

The most important step, which includes competent care for lilies, is the need to comply with certain requirements in the process of planting, which will ensure ease of grooming this plant in the future.

It is almost impossible to grow beautiful garden lilies the same as those shown in advertising brochures or in photographs in print publications! Reproduction and cultivation of lilies in the country - the process is not simple and requires some knowledge.

For example, it is important to remember that the plant needs to get stronger and develop, in connection with which most of the buds should be removed - this will give such flowers as Asian lilies, for example, the ability to maximize vitality.

Feeding it should be done more than once. At the first feeding, a full complex of fertilizers is applied to the soil in the amount of 50 grams per square meter. This feeding is necessary to hold before the lilies begin to grow, that is, at the very beginning of spring.

The second dressing is carried out after 2–3 months, during the period of bud formation, with the help of dry fertilizer spreading over the ground before watering or rain. A full liquid fertilizer in consistency per square meter of 40 grams in 10 liters of water is also successfully used for this.

It is necessary to carry out the third top dressing when flowering is over - not later than August 15! In this case, liquid fertilizer is used at the rate of 40 grams / 10 liters per square meter. If you plan to grow such a species as pink lily, the concentration of fertilizer for dressing should be as accurate as possible.

It should be remembered when planning the cultivation of lilies, planting and competent feeding - these are very important steps that require accurate compliance with all recommendations of florist.

Extremely useful is the enrichment of soil with ash, which should be carried out during the season several times - 100 grams of ash per 1 square meter of land. This procedure provides an opportunity to reduce the incidence of plants and grow brighter and larger flowers of lilies.

In order to plant lilies was carried out correctly and to obtain a good result, you should carefully read the recommendations of experts on how to plant lilies in the garden.

Only by studying all the features of the process, you can be sure that the cultivation of lilies will bring pleasure and give a good result.

It should be borne in mind that such a plant as a garden lily does not like excessive humidity - in a dry climate, it must be watered as much as possible at the time when bud formation takes place. In the process of watering is required to try to moisten the leaves as little as possible due to the fact that it contributes to the appearance of various diseases.

When lily flowers are not planned to be replanted, then after the onset of frosts, it is necessary to cut flower stalks to the ground level. It is not recommended to do this before cooling because the stem and leaves provide for the supply of nutrients to the bulbs before the onset of frost.

Being engaged in breeding such an ornamental culture as a lily, you need to know that in order to prevent the incidence of cut flower stems, as well as the leaves, it is best to burn. Розовая лилия, растущая в саду или на дачном участке, перед зимним периодом времени года укрывается перегноем (листовым грунтом) толщиной в 10 сантиметров.

Поверх этого слоя необходимо насыпать слой листьев, толщиной в 10 сантиметров, а затем укрыть лапниками ели/сосны. С наступлением весны, перед тем как возникнут ростки, все укрывающие слои следует убрать. It should be remembered that when frosts need to protect young shoots - they can be covered with a film.

This is the care of the lilies during the cold season.

Gray rot

A very common disease affecting such plants, experts believe gray mold. Stalk, flowers, lily leaves with this disease begin to cover the spots of fluffy mildew mold - there are pictures of plants in the network that are sick with this disease. In the case of the first signs of the disease, immediately prune the affected parts of the lily and burn it!

The most effective means providing an opportunity to really get rid of the gray rot in a flower like lily is drugs that contain copper (for example, 0.5% solution of copper sulfate). When it is damp on the street, it is necessary to carry out preventive spraying with such preparations. Directly during the season three sprays are required.

Soft bulb rot

The soft rot of the bulbs of this plant is caused by the Fusarium Mushroom. Growing lilies that are affected by this disease is impossible without timely treatment. Therefore, in order to grow beautiful plants, it is important to pay attention to the very first symptoms and start fighting the disease in time.

On the scales of the bulb, there is a formation of watery spots, which quickly turn black, the root system under the bulb, and the bulb itself becomes soft, with mold on it. With such symptoms, you should dig the bulbs, which are damaged, sprinkle with coal and sulfur in a 1: 1 ratio, pickle the onion with a 0.3% rm burnout for at least an hour.

In the event of a significant damage to the flower, it should be dug out and then burned.

Viral diseases

In addition, garden lilies are prone to viral diseases. "Mosaic" is the most common disease caused by viruses.

The first symptoms of this disease is the appearance of light spots on the leaves, which have an elongated shape, then the whole leaf dries out.

As a preventive measure, in order to prevent the appearance of some kind of viral disease, the lily cannot be planted in the immediate vicinity of plants susceptible to them, which include: dahlias, tobacco, cucumbers, etc.

It is impossible to use in the process of cutting one pruner! In addition, it is mandatory to weed out peddlers of such diseases, to get rid of weeds. Diseased plants such as Asian lilies and other varieties of these crops should be immediately destroyed - any other measures are absolutely not effective.

Serious harm comes from rodents eating the stem of the plant, as well as the seeds and its bulb. Laying moles in the ground moves negatively affects the root system - destroys it.

The most popular method of dealing with such pests is to install poisoned baits for them - it helps a lot, no matter what types of lilies are grown.

Here are the basic rules of how to care for lilies in general.

Varieties of lilies and their characteristics

For each of the classes of lilies are characterized by certain features. Their study and consideration in the process of growing lilies provides an opportunity to obtain the best possible result.

  • If we talk about, for example, Asian hybrids, then these plants are considered the most unpretentious, they are well grown in any place, in any conditions - even with the permafrost characteristic of Alaska. In harsh winter conditions, flower stalks should be cut to the ground level - they should not rise and look out from under the snow cover. The optimal soil for growing this type of plant is slightly acid,
  • For Martagon hybrids, or konvatyh lilies, also characterized by endurance: they have an increased resistance to various diseases, high frost resistance, durability and give abundant flowering, so this kind of plants can be grown even in Siberia. Nevertheless, the soil around the lilies of this species is not recommended to be mulched using sawdust and pine needles due to the fact that in this case the degree of soil acidity will increase - the appearance of the plant will be depressed. Actual here is the use of humus, in which ash is added. It is necessary to plant marchagoni under the shade of trees, in sunny places such plants are not followed by planting - they will grow poorly and slowly die in general,
  • The homeland of such plants as hybrids Candidum, or white lilies, is the eastern territory - the countries of the Middle East. "Rest" in flowers such as the eastern lily, comes in the middle of the summer season (at this time it is necessary to conduct a transplant). At the same time, the vegetation process is autumn, after a rosette appeared on the leaves,
  • The best soil for growing plants such as yellow lilies is alkaline, with a pre-treatment of 30 centimeters. If we talk about planting depth, then it is minimal, the top of the bulbs should be slightly covered with soil, otherwise the flowers will not appear at all. The best place to grow such lilies is the eastern part of the site, as well as those places that have good ventilation. Are suitable for this and areas that are located on the southern side of the slope. In the north, in the winter season, garden lilies should be covered with foil, which will provide an opportunity to keep rosettes of sheets until the spring period. With the arrival of spring, this shelter is required to be removed gradually, especially if it is an eastern species of lily. In order for the rapid development of the root system of such plants to occur, they must be watered with lukewarm water. It is necessary for any plant, regardless of what species of lilies are grown,
  • If you understand the characteristics of plants such as American hybrids, they originated from species that grow in different climatic zones and on different soils. Accordingly, the rules for the cultivation of a variety of this type of hybrids are also different. On the territory of the middle zone of the Russian Federation, the cultivation of Western American lilies is successful and popular, but if it is not too cold, they can freeze slightly in severe winter. The soil for growing such hybrids should be light, loamy, it may even contain lime. Full bloom in such plants begins a year or two from planting in the fall. The bulb should be planted to a depth of 25 centimeters on the ground, which provides good drainage. It is best to plant between shrubs that are small in height, which surround a plot - you can plant different types of lilies in this way, combining them or alternately,

  • Longiflorum hybrids that were bred at the time of I.V. Michurin and I.A. Gulf, perfectly tolerate the winter conditions characteristic of the middle belt. Their reproduction can be performed using all vegetative methods, including with the help of leaves. If the landing of children and seedlings was carried out in the autumn period, and the plants were properly covered for the winter, then flowering is possible even next year,
  • If we talk about tubular hybrids, then the variety of colors of such lilies really affects the variety of colors. The variety of shapes, colors, aromas, as well as good resistance to viral / fungal diseases are also striking. The soil for growing this type of lily should be neutral, fertile and breathable,
  • The eastern variety of lilies, i.e., eastern hybrids, are exotic varieties of amazing beauty. Nevertheless, only an experienced grower can get a quality plant. Because oriental lily is characterized by the fact that it has an increased susceptibility to viral diseases - such a plant is extremely demanding on the conditions in which it grows.

Lily will decorate any garden 4

Hardly anyone would argue that one of the main decorations of the garden is, of course, lilies. Lily is a perennial bright-flowering bulbous plant. Lily has been used in culture for many years due to its beauty, the shapes of flowers are graceful and very perfect. Flowers are located 0.3-2m, densely covered with leaves of a linear shape. Flowers lilies.

Lilies - decoration of any garden 5

Like most amateur gardeners, I grow not only vegetables, berries and fruits, but also beautiful flowers on my summer cottage. I attach special importance to lilies. They have a bright yellow color. Lilies are visible from afar, so I am especially proud of these flowers. I grow lilies for several years. Periodically transplant lilies from place to place, do.

My favorite is lily. 7

Here comes the lily flowering period, although they bloom not for long, but it is worth waiting for. Lilies are my favorite flowers, and I take care of them very carefully. They are perennial, so they do not need annual disembarkation. In the spring I dig a bed to give her the opportunity to breathe after a long winter. Then I apply fertilizer, mostly animal.

Lily in my garden. 6

This lily is a little different from the rest of the lilies, it is slightly smaller in size, and it blooms much longer. I planted them along the alley, so they either bloom or accompany you along the alley with green leaves that remain green until October. I like the fact that they require a minimum of attention, and to replace them every year.

The flowering time of rainbow lilies. five

I love blooming lilies. Their different sizes, and many different colors. I want to tell you how to look after the lily in the summer.
My lilies are starting to bud. And 1 month before that I had fertilized flowers. Do not fertilize the plant during flowering. See now whether there are pests, namely aphids on flowers. If a.

Lily on the flowerbed. four

I have been cultivating lilies for more than a year, and I noticed that care for lilies is needed not very scrupulous, but it is needed. Lilies - a perennial plant and it requires planting every year. In order to give the lilies a breath after a long winter, I dig up the earth around their bushes. I also follow the soil moisture under the flower, if necessary, water it.

Beautiful and tender lilies 4

I am an amateur florist with experience. Sometimes, it is even a shame that I do not know the names of many plant varieties, but this does not prevent me from loving them. For example, my favorite yellow lilies. When they gave me an onion, it was small and defenseless, and they said, they say, maybe it will grow, or maybe not. And she grew up !! And so beautiful and so prolific. Autumn already.

Double breeding lilies 8

I love lilies very much - lilies of various varieties with different flower shapes and different colors grow in my flower bed. You can find different bulbs for sale - you want to buy different ones, but it turns out to be very expensive, because lilies look good only when they are planted in fairly large groups. I do this: buy by.

Storage and planting lilies 2

This year I bought lilies back in February, and in order for them not to sprout much from me before planting, because they need to be planted when it is already warm enough outside, around the second half of April, they need to be properly preserved, otherwise last time almost did not bloom in the box. Lily bulbs should be stored in a dry, dark, cool.

Lilies in the garden. 6

Two years ago I planted several lilies in my garden. Friends said that they are very difficult to care for. But it turned out to be completely different. The most important thing is to choose the right landing site. I planted my lilies in a slightly shaded area. As I suggested, the scorching sun lily does not like. Specific care lily does not require. So.

How to plant lilies in spring 2

In order to properly plant lilies in the spring, care must be taken to ensure that the earth is well prepared. It is necessary to take into account that the soil should be loose and should contain a large amount of sand, it is simply necessary for good growth of the lily. If the bulbs are large, then they need to be planted to a depth of 20 cm from the top of the lily, if so.

What is the reason for the yellowing of lily sheets? 3

I bloomed lily, she has a charming flower. But today I noticed that one leaf turns yellow and fades. Tell me, what is the reason for the yellowing of lily leaves?

A beautiful flower, I will even say more, I like lilies, but for some reason I cannot stand the orange color, I wanted to remove it altogether, but my hand did not rise. In principle, I don’t have any problems with this flower: I’m growing, I’m not digging up for the winter, but I’m not very lush as I would like. At the moment I have only 1 species in the flower garden, which is in the photo.

Plant care How to care for lilies?

The following year I decided to plant lilies in my garden. I really like these flowers, but I have no experience in caring for them. How to properly care for lilies? What a place to land to choose.

Hello dear readers of the site, please tell me what care lily flowers need, because I am a beginner in this business, I would like to know the details of care.

Lily Disease Garden flowers: cultivation, care

Judging by the beauty and elegance of the inflorescences, it is quite difficult to find another flower that will be able to compete with the lily. It should be noted that the agricultural technology of this plant is quite simple, even a novice in gardening can grow a stunningly beautiful flower bed. That's just to keep it much more difficult. It is necessary to know the diseases of lilies, distinguish their symptoms and take preventive measures in time.

In order to avoid mass destruction of flowers, it is necessary to observe the agrotechnical method of their cultivation. You must carefully examine the bulbs before planting them in the soil. It is better to destroy the diseased bulbs immediately and carefully remove the damaged scales.

Prophylactic bulb treatment

As you know, the best way to avoid infection is prevention. This statement is true for the flower garden. Many diseases of lilies are recorded in the soil with the children purchased on the market. Therefore, before planting the bulbs in the soil, it is necessary to soak them for two hours in any disinfecting solution. This may be potassium permanganate or "Inta-Vir." Excellent result gives a new drug "Silk". It not only disinfects the bulb, but also increases its own resistance to diseases. However, all these preventive measures do not guarantee 100% resistance of your plants to diseases, so you need to be ready to constantly inspect the plants and take steps to solve the problem at the first signs of disease.

Top dressing lily

Garden lily is very responsive to fertilizing. On poor soil, it will not bloom so well. However, it is desirable to choose special drugs for these plants, as otherwise you can not calculate the need for nutrients. Thus, an excess of nitrogen and potassium deficiency reduces resistance to diseases and pests. By the way, it is very important to periodically change the place of growing lilies.

At the beginning of summer, nitrogen fertilizers are applied to stimulate the growth and development of stems and leaves. A great option would be nitrophoska, ammonium nitrate or complex liquid fertilizer. You can use and organic - this infusion of mullein or bird droppings, rotted manure.

The most interesting moment comes: the garden lily is picking up the buds. At this time you need to make dressing with a predominant content of phosphorus and potassium. This is superphosphate, potash nitrate or any liquid fertilizer for flowering plants. A large amount of potassium and phosphorus contains wood ash.

Classification of varieties

The first group in the classification is Asian. This is the most common group in Russia. Lily bulbs belonging to it (more than 5,000 species) are sold in shops and markets, they can be ordered by mail and asked from neighbors. These colors have one difference - they practically do not smell. At the same time in the group there are dwarfs and giants, that is, you can choose the optimal plant for your garden.

Why is this group chosen by most gardeners? It's simple: they are the most unpretentious and perfectly tolerate the winter. In addition, Asiatic lilies reproduce easily and quickly, as well as resistant to diseases. Since the conditions in Russia are not everywhere suitable for the cultivation of heat-loving beauties, this group has become practically the property of the republic.

The second group - curly hybrids. They have interesting inflorescences resembling a candelabrum with drooping, small inflorescences. In the inflorescence can be up to 30 flowers. Plants are unpretentious, but bloom only a few years after planting. Large white garden lily is very popular. The flowers of the snow-white group are capricious, badly enduring wintering. American hybrids are easily recognizable by strong specks. These are brightly colored inflorescences, very showy and well-suited for bouquets. These are tall plants that grow well in partial shade, they are not too picky, but do not tolerate transplantation.

Very effective are long-flowered hybrids. They are distinguished by the elongated shape of the flower, most often the inflorescences are directed downwards and have a very strong aroma. However, they do not tolerate winter, so they are grown only in greenhouses. Tubular hybrids are practically not common in us (for the same reason). Very interesting group of eastern hybrids. Это растения с крупными соцветиями и яркой окраской, однако они очень требовательны к теплу и составу почвы, поэтому цветут только в оранжерейных условиях.

Вирусные заболевания

Цветение лилий может быть полностью испорчено вирусами, которые поражают растение буквально в одночасье. Симптоматика может быть достаточно разная, но наиболее распространено изменение окраски листьев и цветов — обычно она становится пестрой, нечистой. Viruses are transmitted through insect pest bites, and pathogens overwinter in the ground, entering it with infected seed. Such plants cannot be cured, and the sooner you get rid of it, the more chances you have to save the rest of the garden. In this case, it is impossible to throw the affected flowers into the compost pile - they need to be burned.

Fungal diseases

Most often they are the result of improper maintenance, so first of all you need to optimize the care of your garden. Flowering lilies are affected by dangerous fungi primarily in the rainy period, so it is advisable to carry out prophylactic treatment before it occurs. In the first place is botrytis, or gray mold, as this disease is called in the common people. The infection spreads very quickly, first the leaves are affected, then the stem and the buds. If the weather is favorable for the development of the disease, then within a few days your plant can turn into a rotting monster. August-month loves this fungus very much, with its coolness at night, dews and rains. Prophylactic treatment can be done with the help of drugs "Hom", "Oxy" and others. For the prevention of this disease, you need to remember that you need to water the lilies in the morning, not in the evening, at the root, and not on the leaves, and only with warm water.

All types of garden lilies are prone to another fungal disease - root rot, or phithium. It can be caused by contaminated soil. In such a lily the tip turns yellow, the plant is stunted, the leaves become shallow, and the buds fall. If you dig an onion, you can see that it is healthy, and the roots are covered with brown spots. If the disease has not developed too much, then try to remove all the affected areas, disinfect the bulb and plant it somewhere else.

We considered the main ailments from which lilies can suffer. Diseases and their treatment are presented briefly, but this instruction should be enough for a novice gardener to save his flower garden. It remains to disassemble pest control measures. The most dangerous enemy of lilies is the fire beetle, or, as it is also called, the squeaker. In fact, the insect itself does not pose a particular threat, but its larvae are very voracious. They feed on leaves and carry viruses. You can collect bugs and larvae manually, but it is much better to use system insecticides. But beware: this beetle is resistant to many chemicals.

The second dangerous enemy is the lily fly. She prefers young buds, so it will easily ruin the beauty of your garden. Moreover, the larva lives in the bud and leaves it even before its full maturation, and when it blooms, the fruits of its labors will be visible. Against her, systemic insecticides work very well. This also applies to such misfortunes as the cobweb mite and aphid, which, feeding on the juice of flowers, cause them to dry and twist.

Spring frosts

If suddenly there were late frosts, and you did not manage to cover your flower bed, the lily will react to this very first. The description of a frost-bitten plant says that this is similar to the effects of a viral disease. The top layer of cells exfoliates, the leaves become blistered, warp, and the gardener may well destroy the planting, considering it a serious illness.

Let's sum up

Lily is a whole world, gentle and beautiful. If you are breeding this flower, then be sure: it will never be boring. They are so diverse that you can take new varieties endlessly, change with other gardeners, and your plantings will not be repeated, each species will be different from the previous one. Lily is gorgeous in the flowerbed and in the cut. And the bulb can be planted in a pot, and then it will become a favorite indoor plant.

Lily - flower, which can rightly be called the queen of flowers, along with a rose. This perennial bulbous plant belongs to the lily family.

Lily has a lot of varieties, in total there are about 85 of its species. Their bright flowers can be painted in a wide range of colors: yellow, orange, red, lilac, white, with small patches or micro-stripes in contrasting colors. The variety of shapes and sizes of this beautiful flower also strikes the imagination: cupped, bell-shaped, tubular, funnel-shaped, etc., reaching a diameter of up to 30 cm.

How to care for lily? When choosing a site for planting these magnificent flowers, it should be noted that lilies prefer a loose, nutritious soil, which is well permeable to moisture and cleared of weeds. Prepare the soil in advance, because the lily is a perennial plant, it grows in one place up to 5 years, without requiring transplantation.

On heavy soils, before planting, it is necessary to add humus, sand and peat. On podzolic, poor soils, add humus at the rate of 9 kg / m2, and on average leached chernozem, 5 kg / m2. If you are going to plant lily bulbs in nutrient-rich black soil, you can get by with even less normal humus.

When digging or plowing the land along with organic fertilizers, it is necessary to make mineral fertilizers, the most important of which are phosphate, nitrogen and potash fertilizers. On soils differing in average nutritional value, approximately 100 g / m2 of mix is ​​necessary.

Before planting the lily bulbs, it is necessary to inspect, discard the sick, and separate the rotted scales. You also need to cut lifeless roots and shorten too long live ones. At the completion of all procedures, pickle the bulbs in a solution of foundationol (0.2%), and if necessary, an insecticide (phosphamide 1%, chlorophos, etc.).

Plant the lilies in the wells or funnels to a depth of about 2-3 times the height of the bulb itself. Moreover, it is necessary to count, starting from the top of the bulb and to the very surface of the soil. After planting, mulch the ground with humus or peat. For planting lilies suitable for both spring and autumn. September is considered to be the best time for landing. In a warm autumn bulbs have enough time for rooting. In the case of early frosts, cover planting with insulating material. Be sure to water the newly planted bulbs.

Lily care simple enough. Since the leaves of these plants are sensitive to water ingress, they need to be watered at the root. It is better to apply fertilizing before watering or at the same time. In the 1st year after planting, for better development of the bulbs, it is necessary to fully or partially remove the buds so that the fragile plant does not spend strength on flowering. In the 2-3rd year after planting, the flowering of lilies is especially abundant, in the 4-5th year the growth of the plant usually decreases, and the blooming of the garden flower also weakens. This serves as a signal that it is time to divide and transplant the lily to a new place.

The two most common ways of breeding lilies are most common.

1. Bulb reproduction. An adult maternal bulb for 3-4 years separates the daughter bulbs. After this period of time, you only need to gently dig up a nest of 3-7 daughter onions, formed around the mother bulb, divide them and plant on a permanent place. It is best to do this procedure in early autumn.

2. Reproduction scales. Thanks to this method, you can get from one onion to 15-100 young plants. It is possible to separate the scales from the main bulb throughout the year, even in winter, provided that the bulb was dug out beforehand and kept in a cool (up to +5 degrees) place. Separated scales for 15 min. placed in a pink solution of manganese, then slightly dried and placed in dishes or bags with moistened peat or sawdust.

Store prepared containers with flakes need at a temperature of +20 +22 degrees. Already after 5-6 weeks on the scales appear small onion with roots, which can be planted in a permanent place in the spring. In the case of the autumn separation of the flakes after the appearance of the bulbs on them, they should be placed in a refrigerator for 4-6 weeks and stored there at a temperature of 0 to +5 degrees. Then young bulbs need to be planted in boxes. And in May-June plants can be planted on a permanent place.

In the second year, in the phase of budding young plants, it is necessary to make the 3rd dressing with full mineral fertilizer to ensure better flowering. For the last time, provide the plants with potash and phosphate fertilizers immediately after flowering (15-20 g / m2 of potassium nitrate and superphosphate).

Lilies Triumphant: variety description, characteristics, reproduction and reviews

The beauty and purity of lilies were sung by the ancient Egyptians, followed by the Greeks, Romans and Persians. Her image was found on coins and ornaments, she was considered a symbol of many noble houses and royal dynasties. Some time ago white flowers prevailed in nature, but modern gardeners were more fortunate. Hundreds of shades, with and without impregnations, monophonic and two-colored, today they decorate flower gardens and parks all over the world. Among them, the lily Triumphator takes a place worthy of its name.

Varieties of lilies

How simple it was in the old days! The varieties of beauties of lilies were “once or twice and miscalculated.” What is the modern gardeners, when in the world there are more than 100 species of these flowers, including 3,000 varieties, each of which is not just beautiful, but unique in its characteristics. Even before the cultivar lily cultivar was bred, botanists, and behind them breeders, to make it easier to navigate in such an abundance of flowers, divided them into 9 sections, eight of which included species and hybrids, and in the latter - plants growing in wild nature.

Currently they are divided into varietal and hybrid types. Here are the most famous of the first category:

  • Progenitress of all varieties - White Lily.
  • Today in the world there are many types of lilies, so flower growers when choosing beauties for their garden are guided by such indicators as: ease of caring for the plant, beauty and fragrance. Not all of these flowers have a smell, therefore, when picking up the next instance for your bed, you should carefully study the description of the variety. Lilies Triumphant, for example, are famous for both fairly strong and pleasant fragrance, and bright colors, for which they immediately liked the domestic gardeners.

    Triumph selection

    Of course, breeders around the world could not pass by such a beautiful plant as a lily, without trying to either “improve” it, that is, simplify its care and adapt it to different climatic conditions, or create completely new, extraordinary flowers.

    Among the hybrid varieties stand out:

  • Asian lily, a distinctive feature of which is the ability to adapt to any conditions and unpretentious care. The most popular flowers in this category are: Tango, Fiesta and Harlequin.
  • Who likes exotic, will appreciate the incredible color and shape of the lilies belonging to the American hybrid. Cold-resistant, but rather demanding to care. The most famous representative of this species is Lake Tuar.
  • The Oriental variety and the Longiflorum group include the Triumphator lily. It differs in flowers of unusually bright shades, therefore it is considered as “exotics” in the world of flowers.

    These are not all types of hybrids, but they and common lilies have common features by which these flowers will be recognized.

    Special "signs" of lilies

    These flowers are easy to recognize, no matter what type or variety they are. Their special "signs" can be seen on the example of the lily Triumphator:

  • In this variety, the stem is in height from 90 cm to 100 cm and without “villi”, although in other plants it can be from 40 cm to 2 m, dense and either pubescent or completely smooth.
  • Bulb in all varieties consists of scales.
  • The leaves of the plant are either distributed alternately on the stem, or collected in whorls. In our example with the Triumphant, they are located one above the other.
  • The flowers are quite large, can be, as distributed one at a time, and collected in an inflorescence of several brushes. This is a distinctive feature of all varieties except wild. For example, in the Triumphant lily, they reach a diameter of 20-25 cm, whereas its “relative” in the wild rarely exceeds 2-3 cm.

    These are the main signs by which not only botanists or breeders recognize these plants, but also ordinary growers who are far from science. The main criterion for their choice, judging by the reviews, is the coloring of flowers and their aroma, which the Triumphator is endowed with in full.

    Variety for winners

    This flower is not without reason has such a life-affirming name. Its main distinguishing feature, if you compare the description of the lily Triumphant with other varieties, are very large flowers of the purest white color with a bright pink center. This is a sign that it belongs to LO hybrids obtained by crossing Long-flowered and Oriental varieties.

    The petals of the plant are fairly wide open and smoothly curved, so that the internal color is visible from afar, which additionally attracts insects to it for pollination. Lily grows Triumphant in height to 1 meter and blooms no more than 20 days in July or August, depending on the climate.

    Gardeners love this variety not only for a beautiful flower, but, above all, for its fragrance, which is intensified by the evening, and spreads several tens of meters from its very source. To enjoy the presence of this lily in your garden, you need to know how to grow it properly.

    Planting lilies

    When giving a description of the Triumphant lily in their reviews, flower growers mention that for its planting it is necessary to take into account several nuances:

    Choosing a place is paramount. For the variety Triumphant is a well-lit space with fertilized slightly acidic or fertile soil. Since this lily has large flowers, it is better to protect it from drafts and pick a place that is more protected from them, for example, in front of shrubs.

    Tip: you can not plant these flowers close to the trees, because near them the soil is usually over dried, which has a bad effect on their flowering. Gardeners recommend plots where cucumbers or radishes have grown before, and even better with good drainage, raised flower beds.

  • The bulb hole must be 3 times larger. The deeper the fit, the better the rooting.
  • The best time to land is April or September.

    Before planting a plant, experienced gardeners recommend soaking a lily bulb for a day in a weak solution of potassium permanganate.

    Plant Care

    If the landing trim was carried out correctly for the Triumphant lily, care for it will be negligible. In their reviews, growers say that there are 2 stages of care - summer and winter.

    In the warm season, it needs a moderate fertilizing with ammofoska immediately after the snow melts and the soil heats up. During the summer, at the beginning of growth and flowering, it is recommended to apply a top dressing from 20 g of calcium nitrate to 10 liters of water for an area of ​​up to 1.5 square meters. After the plant has faded, it is enough to give potash or phosphate fertilizers to restore strength, since the bulb loses them almost completely during this period.

    How do lilies survive the winter?

    Although the lily LO-hybrid Triumphator is considered to be a frost-resistant variety and can withstand temperatures as low as -25 ° C, it still needs protection. For this, gardeners in their responses recommend holding a “dry shelter”:

  • The earth is last moistened and covered with foil.
  • From above up to 10-20 cm mulch is poured, for example, leaves, sawdust or shavings.
  • A film is spread over them again, which can be sprinkled with earth or covered with lapnik branches.

    Such a shelter will not let frost go to the ground, which is very important for LO hybrids, no matter how seasoned they are.

    What lilies do not like?

    These flowers do not tolerate stagnant water, therefore it is better to choose a place for planting on an elevation and water the flowers only when the soil is completely dry.

    They also do not like lily beetles, which gardeners call "firefighters" for their color. They can either be assembled by hand or sprayed with a 0.1% Confidor solution.

    Selection of planting material and breeding

    The quality of the bulb will determine how much the lily will grow and how much it will need care and maintenance. The bulb must:

  • Fit and have healthy scales.
  • Be separated from the maternal bulb at least 4 years old.

    In fact, lilies can be sown with seeds, planted with scales or separated children, but the best way is recognized - planting bulbs. If the lilies on a flower bed have been blooming for more than 5 years, then it is worthwhile to dig them up and divide the maternal “nest” into babies, the larger ones of which should be planted, and the smaller ones should be left for growing.

    Tips experienced flower growers

    As experienced gardeners have noted in their reviews, describing the variety of the lily Triumphant, there are several secrets that should be observed, and then the flower will reveal its aroma and beauty in full force. So, you need:

  • Correctly pick a place for landing.
  • Make sure that under it was not close groundwater, from which the bulb will begin to rot.
  • The well immediately before planting should be treated twice with boiling water to remove unwanted "neighbors" - parasites and insects.
  • Never use manure as a fertilizer. Lily just burned by him.
  • Watering should be moderate, but during flowering you need to make sure that the soil does not dry out.
  • After the Triumphant has faded, it should cut the stem at a height of 10-15 cm from the ground.

    It is enough to follow these simple rules, and a lily with such a proud name will decorate your garden.

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