For a long time, tomatoes are one of the most demanded vegetable crops, which are cultivated by both agricultural enterprises and summer residents. On the beds more and more unusual copies of yellow and even black color began to appear. It is proved that it is the "dark-skinned" tomatoes, and among them the tomato Chernomor, have in their composition the maximum amount of ascorbic acid, in addition, they are good aphrodisiacs and prevention of cancer tumors.
Characteristics and description of the variety
Tomatoes varieties Chernomor find an increasing number of their fans, and this is due to many factors. Firstly, it is a mid-season variety, and it is equally suitable for growing on open ground, and for cultivation in greenhouse conditions. Chernomor belongs to semi-determinant varieties, combining the best qualities of indeterminant and determinant species. Secondly, the harvest can be obtained 2-3 weeks earlier, and secondly, the plant reaches a height of 1.5-2 meters in height, and this is an ideal condition for film greenhouses. For better growth will require pinching and garter bushes. Brought this variety in China, and in Russia permission to grow it was obtained in 2000.
Attracts gardeners "Black Sea" also because the variety shows quite high yields. Experience shows that even gardeners who are inexperienced in matters of agricultural technology can get 3-4 kilograms of juicy tomatoes from one bush for a season, although ideally you can collect 6-7 kilograms of tomatoes from one bush.
Resistance to diseases and adverse conditions
In order to get a good harvest, it is necessary to take a number of measures aimed at combating pathogenic microbes and fungi, as well as the fight against insect pests, although this variety has high resistance to late blight and moderate resistance to other diseases. Meanwhile, in order to reduce the risk of disease, you will have to take measures to disinfect the seeds. To do this, you can use simple folk remedies:
- copper sulphate capable of increasing the degree of protection against late blight,
- an aqueous solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate),
- wood ash, which should be poured under a bush.
Periodic ventilation of the greenhouse will help to prevent the occurrence of late blight, and mulching using peat or straw will be a good solution against insect pests. In general, Chernomor tomatoes can be called unpretentious, although there are some restrictions on cultivation in different regions. Unfortunately, not all gardeners have the opportunity to enjoy these unparalleled fruits.
In which regions are grown
If some varieties of tomatoes, such as French manure, for example, can be grown even in Siberia, then with the Chernomor variety it is becoming more difficult. Naturally, in greenhouse conditions, it can grow everywhere, and as for open ground, it is better to refuse cultivation of this variety beyond the middle zone of Russia.
"Chernomor" is a mid-season variety (110-120 days from the moment of planting into the ground until fruit ripening). The tomato is semi-determinant, suitable for both outdoor and greenhouse conditions.
The height of the bush depends on the growing conditions, on average it reaches one and a half meters. The variety requires a garter to support and moderate staving. The best yield was achieved with the formation of a bush of 2-3 stems.
Features of growing
Seeds for seedlings sown 60-70 days before planting in a permanent place. Seedlings dive in the 2-leaf stage. When disembarking "Chernomor" on the beds, on 1 square. A meter is usually placed no more than 4 plants. Competent care of tomatoes consists in regular watering, timely weeding, use of mineral fertilizers.
Tomato varieties "Chernomor" are characterized by flat-rounded fruits, purple-burgundy, weighing from 150 to 300 g, with juicy fleshy pulp. Suitable for both fresh consumption and for home canning.
Variety of tomato "Chernomor" is widely known in the circles of experienced gardeners. We offer to get acquainted with the most interesting views of gardeners about him.
- Planted tomato "Chernomor" in the greenhouse. He grew up under two meters, had to be cut off. And so good tomatoes. As for taste, I can say that the sweetness comes from them closer to autumn. And in summer, they do not differ in taste from ordinary tomatoes. (Oleg Petrovich, Orenburg)
- Chernomor was advised by a neighbor. The variety gave a great harvest. 43 hefty delicious tomatoes from just one shrub. Next year I plan to plant more. (Alevtina, Krasnodar)
- I read on the Internet positive reviews about the variety. Planted 4 bushes on trial. The taste of tomatoes like, very juicy, sweet. The downside is that some fruits are cracked. I do not even know what it can be connected with. (Olesya, Izhevsk)
- I grew Chernomor in a greenhouse. The harvest was extremely rich. Tomatoes have grown delicious, with fleshy pulp, an unusual exotic color. My whole family is loved. (Fedor Sergeevich, Serpukhov)
- Great tomatoes! Ideal for salting! Rolled burgundy "Chernomora" in cans, along with yellow and red tomatoes. The combination turned out great. Very pleased with the eye. (Anastasia, Neftekamsk)
Sort very much. Withstood cold weather and heavy rains. The harvest was good - 6-7 kg from a bush. Fruits are sweet, with a slight sourness. Well suited for fresh salads and for making tomato juice. (Julia G., Veliky Novgorod)
Growing conditions and care
It is worth planting seedlings in March 60–70 days before disembarking to a permanent place. It is better not to use the purchased mixture, and take the land from the site on which you plan to land. During the germination of seedlings, it is important to maintain the temperature, timely wetting of the soil with warm and settled water.
It is recommended to replant in open ground in the first decade of June, and in a greenhouse you can be three weeks earlier. From shoots to harvest, 115-120 days pass.
With proper care, namely, regular watering, weeding, fertilizing with organic and mineral fertilizers, pasynkovanii and prevention of pests and diseases, the representative of dark-fruited will please with abundant and high-quality harvest. On 1 square. m. recommended to plant no more than 4 shoots. About 6-7 kg of tomatoes are removed from one bush.
The variety is popular with summer residents. Opinions about Chernomore come from all over the country: from Orenburg, Krasnodar, Veliky Novgorod, from Moscow region.
Reviews indicate that the variety produces a very abundant crop - more than 40 fruits from one bush. Tomatoes taste juicy, sweetish with a slight sourness, fleshy. The variety withstood cold and rainy weather. Special delight was caused by salting a tomato in the same jar with other varieties. The original combination of hand-grown vegetables was pleasing to the eye.
Advantages and disadvantages
The advantages of Chernomor more than negative qualities:
- large fruits with original color,
- excellent taste,
- high yield
- resistance to cold
- opportunity to grow in a greenhouse, in the open field, under the film,
- fruits are high in sugar and vitamins.
Advantages and disadvantages of the variety
Summing up, I would like to highlight the positive aspects of growing the “Black Sea” and focus on the shortcomings of the variety. Among the advantages of particular attention are high yields, unique appearance and taste, also do not forget about the high content of vitamin A and ascorbic acid. Tomatoes, besides, are stored for a long time, ideal for preservation. Medium resistance to various diseases and sufficient resistance to temperature extremes is something that should also be noted. As for the shortcomings, it is possible to identify the cracking of especially large fruits, but this can be attributed, perhaps, to a violation of the cultivation technology.
Characteristics of the variety
The variety Chernomor belongs to mid-ripening, since it takes at least 115-120 days from sowing to harvesting. The plant has a large and strong trunk. The shrub is determinant and in height can reach from 1 to 1.5 m. Since its fruits are heavy, the branches of the bush must be tied up.
- Chernomor tomatoes are large fruits, during ripening they can weigh up to 300 g.
- Tomatoes have a rounded shape with mildly expressed longitudinal furrows.
- A distinctive feature of the variety is its dark color.
- The taste of the tomato is pleasant, with an average acid content.
- The flesh is dense and juicy at the same time.
- Use the fruit more often in fresh for the preparation of salad or juice.
- Due to the thick skin, the Chernomor variety perfectly tolerates long-distance transportation.
- You can store it up to 20 days in a dry cool room.
When purchasing seeds of an exotic type of vegetable, it is necessary to immediately study the description of the variety on the package. After all, there are tomatoes that require special care when grown. On the package must also be a photo with the image of already ripe fruits.
The variety Chernomor grows well both in open ground and in greenhouses or greenhouses. Productivity directly depends on the care and irrigation of the crop. This species of plants is enriched with black soil, plenty of sun and regular watering.
Durability and disease resistance
One of the features of the Chernomor variety is its high resistance to late blight. Description of the variety shows that for good growth and abundant harvest the plant must be protected from many harmful insects and diseases. The disease resistance of this culture is medium. That is why gardeners recommend preventive measures. In particular, add wood ash to the soil, mulch using peat and straw.
For plants grown in greenhouses, increased moisture is harmful. It contributes to the appearance of pathogenic bacteria, so it is worth regularly to ventilate the room.
For those who planted an exotic tomato on their site, it will be difficult to find an alternative to its taste and special appearance. If Chernomor tomato was grown competently, observing all requirements, then its taste will be sweet and fragrant. The appearance of sourness may indicate a lack of light or excessive feeding.
Rules of growing and care
Sowing seeds for seedlings carried out in the first half of March. When purchasing tomato seeds, you need to make sure that the photo shows exactly this variety. Planting material should be soaked in a solution that stimulates plant growth.
Seeds prepared in this way should be planted in the ground to a depth of 1.5-2 cm. It is best to cover the container with the seedlings with foil, but do not forget periodically to ventilate the mini-greenhouse.
With the advent of the first shoots, the container is exposed to sunlight. Watering exercise moderate. It is important not to wash the seeds when watering. The water used is separated at room temperature.
Tomatoes Chernomor: variety description
Chernomor - mid-season high-yielding variety. The bush is semi-determinant, reaches a height of 1.5 cm. Branches with heavy fruit require tying.
Fruits are large, rounded flat, slightly ribbed. The weight of an average tomato is about 300 g. A distinctive feature of the variety is the coloring of the fruit. In the process of ripening, the tomatoes change color from light green with a spot at the stem to a rich red-burgundy with a purple tint.
Dense skin prevents tomatoes from cracking. The taste is pleasant, rich-sweet with a slight sourness, the flesh is dense and juicy.
The grade of the Russian selection, is suitable for cultivation in greenhouses and in an open ground. Recommended for the middle band, but successfully grown in other regions, except the north.
Productivity is good, the collected fruits are stored for a long time and are subject to transportation. Chernomor tomatoes can be plucked in the phase of technical ripeness, they will acquire a rich color and taste at home. Tomatoes can be eaten fresh, used to make salads, hot dishes, soups, side dishes, sauces, juices. For canning is rarely used.
Like other dark-fruited tomatoes, Chernomor is rich in antioxidants and can be recommended for baby and diet food.
The table below shows for comparison data on the weight of fruits in other varieties of tomatoes:
Pests and Diseases: Control and Prevention
Tomatoes Chernomor are sensitive to some ailments of the nightshade families. The main problem is late blight.
Frequent airing of the greenhouse, timely staging and weed removal will help to avoid it. Recommended preventive spraying copper-containing drugs.
Obtaining the rules of watering and the treatment of plantings with phytosporin or another antifungal drug will help to get rid of gray or basal rot.
From insect pests will save the soil mulching with peat or straw. The detected aphids are washed off with an aqueous solution of household soap, and the flying insects are destroyed with the help of insecticides.
The variety of tomato Chernomor is a very interesting variety, it should be planted in its own garden. Several bushes will provide seven large and beautiful tomatoes with excellent taste.
Features of tomato agrotechnics
For a healthy and high-quality crop of tomatoes, seedlings must be strong and healthy. Seeds before sowing must be treated with potassium permanganate solution and any growth stimulant.
Land for seedlings is prepared in advance, better in the fall. It should be light and breathable. For its preparation, mixed garden soil, taken from the beds, on which neither potatoes, nor tomatoes, compost, or ash had previously grown, is mixed. If the garden soil has a clay structure, sand or peat are added to the composition.
Sowing seeds for growing tomatoes in greenhouses start in the first decade of March, for open ground seeds are sown two to three weeks later.
Tomato seeds are sown in moist soil at a distance of 1.5 -2 cm from each other, covered with a layer of earth (about 5 mm) and slightly compacted from above with my hands.
The temperature regime in the room in the first week after germination is maintained at night of 12-13 degrees, in the daytime 15-16 degrees for hardening seedlings. In the following weeks, the temperature is gradually increased by 5 degrees. Seedlings throughout this period must be watered very carefully.
As soon as real leaves appear, tomatoes dive into pots or other larger boxes, the distance between the plants is increased to 20-25 cm. Fertilizing with fertilizer for seedlings can be done a week after transplanting.
The soil for planting tomatoes in the beds and in the greenhouse is prepared in advance: in the fall, lime or dolomite flour is added, sidderats are sown. The wells for planting seedlings make at a distance of 40 cm between the plants and 60 cm between the rows, they make compost, ash, mineral fertilizers.
Immediately before disembarking, the wells are watered, the seedlings are planted, on sunny days they are covered from the sun.
In the future, care for plants includes:
- Watering once in 7-10 days.
- Weeding, loosening.
- Fertilizer fertilizer every 2-3 weeks.
- Garter bushes to supports or trellis.
- Masking, thinning leaves when thickened.
- Top dressing with green manure (10% solution of mullein grass).
- Control over the appearance of plants.
When growing Chernomor tomatoes in a greenhouse, pay attention to the following:
- The variety has a high sensitivity to high humidity, so watering must be carried out either under the root, or using a drip irrigation system.
- To reduce the humidity of the air, it is recommended to use soil mulching with grass, cardboard or other auxiliary material. Mulching will also help you in weed control.
- Be sure to ventilate the greenhouses with vents or doors, while it is undesirable to create drafts.
- In a greenhouse, it is necessary to take a more resolute approach to trimming leaves and stepsons.
Diseases and pests
According to reviews of vegetable growers, the Chernom class of tomato is sensitive to such tomato ailment as late blight. Airing of greenhouses, timely staining of plants, adjustable soil moisture will help to avoid the disease. For the prevention of diseases using phytosporin or other antifungal drugs. Recommend prophylactic treatment of plants with copper preparations.
Since plants are demanding on the nutrient composition of the soil, it is necessary to constantly monitor the appearance of the plants. This will allow you to determine whether the plant needs additional feeding and what content:
- So with a lack of potassium, the old leaves turn yellow, and the new ones roll up.
- With a deficiency of phosphorus leaves get purple hue and twist inside.
- With a shortage of copper in the soil, the leaves curl into tubes, the plant sheds leaves and does not form ovaries.
Top-dressing with appropriate micronutrients will help you grow a healthy and disease-resistant plant.
The popularity of black-colored tomatoes has recently grown thanks to new varieties with excellent taste and healing properties, which have a beneficial effect on the health of children and adults.