Lily - just a magnificent flower, one of my most beloved. In my garden, they are everywhere - in single plantings and group plantings on the lawn, in flowerbeds, and in compositions with other perennials. Luxurious lily sometimes even overshadows roses with its lush, bright flowering, but it does not require such complex care.
However, in order for the lily flowers to be large, bright, and for a long time to please their owners, the lily necessarily needs feeding. Without this, the bloom will lose its beauty.
At the same time, it is necessary to fertilize lilies both in spring, before budding, and in summer, before flowering, and in autumn, after the lilies have bloomed. At the same time fertilizers should be different. And you need to know how to feed the lilies.
How to feed lilies during planting
You need to know that lilies, regardless of their variety, love the fertile land. And if your lilies are planted on the garden plot. where the soil is rich in nutrients, the first few years they will bloom beautifully and without top dressing.
However, in any case, after a while the soil will be exhausted, and it will have to be improved. If initially the soil is not very fertile, then before planting it must be fertilized.
At the same time, before you apply fertilizer, you need to understand what type of soil in your area.
- clay or loamy,
If your site is clay, before planting the lilies you need to apply sand, peat and organic fertilizer to the soil - for example, manure. The site must be prepared in advance, carefully digging it up and mixing it into a homogeneous composition.
In the sandy soil you need to add more organic fertilizers and also dig up the area before planting lilies. Likewise, lime soil is prepared for planting lilies.
But in the peat soil for each square meter you need to add at least four buckets of sand and two buckets of clay. Then the soil will be suitable for planting lilies.
When the soil is ready, lilies can be planted in it, and this can be done both in spring and in autumn. However, it is best to plant and transplant lily bulbs in late summer - early autumn. This is the best time for landing.
Spring care for lilies
Spring feeding is very important for the future flowering of lilies. In the spring lilies really need nitrogen, as well as. and other plants. Therefore, thinking about how to feed the lilies in the spring, definitely choose nitrogenous fertilizers.
In spring lilies are fertilized twice:
- the first time before the snow finally came down. Right on the snow cover you need to scatter urea or ammonium nitrate. For the first spring feeding will be enough two tablespoons of fertilizer,
- fertilizers are applied a second time when the first shoots have already appeared, usually in May. Ammonium nitrate is diluted in water, and the resulting liquid is applied directly to the soil next to the plant. In this case, top dressing quickly penetrates to the measles and is excellent for the bulbs.
Around the same time, the shoots should be processed Bordeaux mixture, it is very useful for the growth of lilies manipulation, which is the prevention of many diseases.
Lily care in summer
Top dressing of lilies in the summer is an obligatory component of care of flowers. And for the development of buds, and for a good and long-blooming lily fertilizer application is necessary.
Before flowering, after the formation of buds, ammonium nitrate, diluted in water, must be brought back under the flower root.
Immediately before flowering, in July, when the buds have already started to bloom, double superphosphate should be added to the bud (10 g per 10 l). Kalimagneziya, which is dissolved in water (15 g per 10 l), is also well suited for fertilizer at this time.
In addition, the lily responds very well to the introduction of wood ash into the soil (approximately 100 grams per 1 square meter). Top dressing with wood ash helps to strengthen the plant, as well as brighter and more intense flowering.
Ashes can be brought throughout the entire period of plant growth, from May to September, it will not bring any harm. It is desirable to pour the ash scattered near the lilies with water, making it easier for her to access the roots of the plant.
The last top dressing in the summer is applied to the soil after the lilies have bloomed. This is done so that the bulb recovers and grows stronger after flowering. Use for this feeding can be superphosphate and potassium sulfate.
This feeding is usually carried out in late August or early September. This is the main top dressing, after it you no longer need to fertilize the lilies.
It should be remembered that after flowering, the stems of lilies in no case should not be cut - it is thanks to the juices in the green stem that remained after flowering, and the bulb in the ground feeds, gathering strength for a long winter. In the ground part of the summer all the necessary nutrients are stored onions.
To cut off the stems of lilies should only be after they have turned yellow and withered, that is, they cost almost to frost. And even if the bare stems annoy your aesthetic sense and look ugly, you cannot cut them off.
Try to disguise them with greens, planting some plants next to the lilies that will hide the stems with their leaves.
Many plants and flowers are combined with lilies, both perennial and those that can be planted every summer, changing the design of your garden and its color palette.
For example, perennial hosts with large bright leaves look great near lilies. They grow up to 50-70 cm tall, and close ugly protruding stems almost completely.
Very nice near lilies look low roses, which with their lush leaves will also hide unsightly stems in late summer. If you choose ground cover roses of different colors, you can achieve a very interesting effect.
Some conifers, which, like lilies, love sunny places (for example, some types of junipers feel good just in bright sunshine) will perfectly complement group plantings of lilies and add to your flower bed charm and sophistication.
Fluffy needles of yew or creeping junipers perfectly decorate the tall stalks of lilies.
Remarkably look lilies next to peonies. At the same time, they have different flowering times, and when the peonies are already blooming, the lilies will only begin to appear buds.
At the same time, peonies, unlike lilies, even after they have bloomed, thanks to beautiful carved leaves, do not lose their decorativeness and will perfectly mask the tall stems of lilies.
Care for lilies in autumn
Lilies must be prepared for the winter. Despite the fact that this plant tolerates cold quite well, and winters without any problems, nevertheless, it is better to be safe and help the flower withstand the winter frosts that are very harsh.
In addition, not all varieties of lilies are resistant to cold. If the Asiatic lilies tolerate frosts quite well, then the Oriental and tubular lilies are not so persistent and can die without preparation. These types of lilies should be given special attention.
Therefore, the plot of the garden on which the lilies grow, must be prepared for winter. At first it is necessary to cut off withered stems with a sharp shears.
Cut the stem should not at ground level, and leaving a small piece above the soil, not higher than 15 cm, you can even a little less.
It is desirable to cut the stem at an acute angle, so you are safe from getting infection there.
Then the soil, in which the bulbs will remain for the winter, should be closed (mixed) with dry leaves, sawdust or humus. The thickness of the coating should be at least a few centimeters, then the bulbs will feel great in the ground, even in the most severe frosts.
If you live in areas with harsh winters, where there are severe frosts, and there is little snow, it is advisable to additionally put a lapnik on the mulch layer, which will prevent lilies from freezing.
This will allow the bulbs to winter, and next year again to please you with abundant flowering. In addition, the mulch will serve as an excellent spring feeding for the bulbs.
How to open lilies after wintering
It must be remembered that it is dangerous to open lilies in the spring as too early, while there is a chance of frost, which at night can be quite strong, and overexpose them under a layer of leaves and sawdust.
In the first case, in the spring sun lilies will begin to germinate, but night frosts, which are quite strong, can destroy fragile young shoots.
If you leave the sprouts under a layer of mulch before the onset of heat, then due to the lack of sun, the shoots that will start to appear from the warmed land will be pale and thin, and even die due to debate and excessive moisture.
Therefore, shelter must be removed in a timely and gradual manner. You can leave a thin layer of mulch, through which tender sprouts will already punch, on the surface of the soil. This will protect the lilies from freezing during the spring night frosts, and in addition, will serve as a very good food for bulbs, which begin their growing season.
If you follow our advice, do not neglect to feed your flowers, and make sure that your lilies feel good at any time of the year, they will thank you for their abundant long flowering.
Rules for organizing fertilizing lilies
A lily is a plant that needs plenty of nutrients for luxurious flowering. But mindless application of any fertilizer for this flower is unacceptable.
Lilies need feeding, but they need to be thoughtfully made.
Fertilizing lilies should be carried out, following certain rules:
- Fertilize corresponding to specific periods of flower development.
- Dry, granulated dressings well to close up the soil and water lilies plentifully after their introduction. With a lack of moisture granules will dissolve poorly.
- Liquid feed quickly digested by lily bulbs, but can burn them. Therefore, using liquid fertilizers, it is necessary to reduce the recommended dose by a third.
- The first dressing is carried out only after the soil warms up to plus 6 degrees. In Central Russia, this is roughly the first decade of May. It is useless to feed the lily at a time when the soil is still cold, because the nutrients of the bulb will not be absorbed.
- The composition of fertilizers for all types of lilies is about the same, but some species (Henry, David, Caucasian, Kinky, Tubular) cannot grow in acidic soil. Under planting lilies of these species in the soil must be made of lime. The remaining types of lilies can kill.
Excess fertilizer for lilies is no less harmful than their lack. If there are too many nutrients in the soil, the green mass will begin to grow and the bulbs will grow actively, and the flowering will be short and not bright.
Fertilizers and fertilizers for lilies can be liquid, dry, granulated.
Top dressing of lilies when landing
The first feeding of lilies is carried out when it is planted in the soil. These flowers feel good if there is enough organic matter in the substrate to grow them. However, lilies do not tolerate fresh manure; therefore, only humus that has been rotted for at least 2 years should be added to the soil. On one square meter of a site bring 7-8 kilograms of humus.
If it is not possible to add organic matter to the soil, you can use complex mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium in equal quantities. To increase the resistance of lilies to diseases, 100 grams of wood ash per square meter are introduced into the soil.
Important. Lilies, planted in fertilizer-filled soil, begin to feed only from the second and even third year.
The composition of fertilizers for lilies in different seasons
Lily is extremely demanding on certain substances in certain periods of development. It is impossible to violate the composition of the dressings and the scheme of their introduction, since this will necessarily affect the quality of the colors.
Lilies should be fertilized according to a specific scheme that cannot be broken.
The first top dressing of lilies is carried out in the spring before flowering even in melting snow. At this time, like many plants, lilies need nitrogen to gain green mass. Spring feeding includes ammonium nitrate - 2 tablespoons per square. Fertilizer is evenly distributed in the area where the lilies are planted, and they independently penetrate into the ground along with the melt water.
Important. If the site is under the slope and the meltwater does not linger on it, this option of feeding in the spring is useless. In this case, you need to wait for the complete descent of snow and shed the slightly dried soil with a solution of saltpeter or mullein.
The second feeding of lilies is carried out during the formation of buds on the stems, just before flowering. In order for the flowers to be large and brightly colored during the budding period, nitrogen-phosphorus mixtures are used: azophos or nitrophos. 1 tablespoon of fertilizer is dissolved in 10 liters of water and used for watering 1 square meter of flowers.
In the summer, it is necessary to conduct another feeding during the flowering of lilies. The purpose of this feeding - the extension of flowering. For feeding, a mixture of potassium magnesia and double superphosphate is used. Fertilizer is applied in liquid form, since the granules embedded in the soil will not dissolve at this time.
During the flowering period of lilies, plants are fed with double superphosphate.
Autumn feeding of lilies is carried out at the end of flowering in order to strengthen the bulb and prepare it for the next vegetative period. In the autumn, the plant needs phosphorus; therefore, fertilizer mixtures with a high content of this substance are used.
At the same time, lilies are treated with Fitosporin to protect against fungal infections.
With the onset of cold weather, after trimming the aerial parts. Lilies need to be compressed with compost or humus in a layer of 10 centimeters. In the spring, this layer of mulch is not removed, but mixed with soil during loosening. Such autumn mulching will protect the bulbs from freezing in winter, in the spring it will work as a top dressing.
Recommendations and tips florist
- Experienced growers use in the care of lilies some techniques by which lilies become immune to diseases and bloom in bright, large colors:
- Watering with ash water 5-6 times per season.
- Top dressing during flowering is carried out only liquid fertilizers.
- Refusing to use fresh mullein. Such a solution is more likely to harm than to benefit, since pathogenic microflora in it will cause bulb diseases. Before using the mullein must ferment for at least 10 days, and then it must be diluted in a ratio of 1:10.
In the video, the gardener tells in detail how to properly feed the lilies.
Also, before flowering should be treated ground part of Bordeaux lily liquid. This helps prevent plants from damaging the rather dangerous diseases of lily cultures. In addition, lilies can be treated with folk remedies, which are based on plant components.
Top dressing during budding and flowering
This period is very important during the development of flower culture. Summer fertilization is an integral part of proper care for ornamental plants and should be carried out in accordance with the following recommendations:
- it is necessary to feed the plants immediately after the formation of the first buds on them,
- During the period of active budding, it is recommended to apply nitrogen-phosphorus fertilizers,
- in the summer it is best to use nitrophosphate and azofoski, which are diluted at the rate of 1 tbsp. l on a bucket of water
- To obtain abundant and long-term flowering, as well as to stimulate the formation of bulbs, apply azofosku or nitroammofosku, which are diluted at the rate of 1.5 tbsp. l on a bucket of water.
A good result shows a double introduction of wood ash on the surface of the soil around the lily bushes.
Top dressing in the fall
Flower bulbs in late summer and early autumn after the end of flowering begin to actively grow and store the main nutrients that will be needed next year. To make the plants easier to endure the winter cold and recuperate after abundant flowering, they should be in the first month of autumn feed potassium phosphate fertilizers. It is advisable to use superphosphate-based fertilizers and potassium magnesia during this period.
When the winter cold begins to approach, the plants are prepared for wintering. So that the lilies do not freeze out, they are warmed by mulching with dry fallen leaves or a layer of humus, after cutting off the ground part. In regions with difficult weather conditions, flower culture is additionally warmed for the winter with fir fir branches.
Secrets of successful care
Lilies are quite unpretentious in the care, but you still need to know a few secrets before you start growing this beautiful plant.
When caring for lily, it is important to choose the right place to grow it. Оно должно быть таким, чтобы нижняя часть стебля находилась в тени, благодаря чему можно избежать пересыхания и перегрева земли вокруг луковиц. Для этой цели лилии можно сажать в композициях с цветочными культурами низкого или среднего роста. Особенно хорошо лилии сочетаются:
- с колокольчиками,
Уход за лилиями заключается в проведении полива. During flowering plants moisturize moderately, and if this period coincided with the drought, then the area is watered abundantly several times so that the bulbs avoid water depletion. When the plant ottsvetet, watering and you can completely stop.
If the lilies need to be cut for a bouquet, then be sure to leave above the ground part of the stem with leaves. Due to this, the bulbs will continue to fully develop. It is recommended to make a cut with a scythe so that rainwater does not get inside the stem and it does not rot. In the fall, prune all shoots of lilies, leaving a stem up to 20 cm high.
To prevent winter plants from being exposed to frost, they should be covered. To do this, use spruce, agrofibre, film, sawdust and other materials. The main thing is that the soil and material should be completely dry. In the spring, when the threat of frost disappears, the shelter is removed so that undeformed lily shoots develop normally.
Thus, lilies are very common in garden plots. Due to the huge variety of varieties, wide range of colors and ease of care and cultivation, you can create effective flower arrangements on the site. Such a flower culture must be fed, using various fertilizers at different times. Only then will lilies look healthy and attractive.
Adding an article to a new collection
If the roses are the queens of the garden, then the lilies are the duchess. But to get plenty of flowering, do not do without dressings. Which ones?
One nondescript lily bush consumes from the soil a lot of chemical elements for the formation of large flowers. But is it equally necessary to feed lilies of different species? Yes, all lilies can be fertilized according to the same standard scheme, which is shown below. However, some species (Lily Henry, David, Royal, Caucasian, Kinky, Tubular, and Orleans and Dutch hybrids) need liming the soil before planting, the rest is contraindicated.
Top dressing of lilies in the summer
The following dressing is carried out when the first buds begin to form in the plants. Fertilizing with nitrogen-phosphorus-potassium fertilizer at this time has a positive effect on the size of the buds and the brightness of the petals. Well suited for this Azofoska (Nitroammofoska) - 1 tbsp. on a bucket of water.
Another feeding is needed at the time when lilies are already blooming. Its purpose is to extend flowering, giving the plant a sufficient amount of the substances it needs. To do this, use complex fertilizers containing trace elements. They are diluted in water according to the instructions.
Any summer dressing can be combined with the introduction of wood ash into the soil (100 g per 1 sq. M).
If you properly feed the lilies, they will surely delight you with good flowering
Top dressing of lilies in the fall
The plants have already bloomed, it seems not autumn yet, but summer is already ending. At this time, intensive processes are going on in the bulb under the ground, nutrients are stored for the next year. Phosphate-potassium supplementation will significantly increase the winter resistance of lily bulbs. For this purpose, superphosphate and calimagnese are used. On a bucket of water take 1 tbsp. double superphosphate (or 2 simple) and 1.5 tbsp. Kalimagnezii. Superphosphate dissolves poorly, so the water will first have to be slightly warmed. The resulting solution is shed landing - 1 bucket per 1 sq.m.
The last operation of the season is also in some way fertilizing, it is done already in the late fall. Place the bulbs in the already freezing soil until spring, you need to compost it with a layer of 10 cm. This will simultaneously serve as a dressing for the next year and as a weatherization for the winter.
Take care of the lilies correctly. Only in this case, you can enjoy their magnificent flowering and unique aroma.
Why is it important to fertilize lilies
An onion under the ground, no matter how strange it sounds, is the head of all these flowers. It depends on it how quickly and efficiently the above-ground green mass of the plant grows in the spring-summer period, how fully the buds are formed, how beautiful the blooming flowers will be and how well the lily will be prepared for the next season.
Therefore, it is extremely important to complete nutrition of the underground part of the plant. And this nutrition for the root system of a flower can be provided by timely and high-quality feeding.
Fertilizer in spring
After a winter sleep, the spring awakening of the plant mobilizes all its forces for forcing the green mass and the formation of buds, for which the nutrients stored in the bulb and extracted by the root system are used intensively. So the value of spring fertilizing lilies with fertilizers is hard to overestimate.
The best time for fertilizer
Experts recommend the first dressing to produce no earlier than the temperature of the soil rises to + 6-7 ° C. In different climatic zones, this period comes in different ways. In some areas, it begins in early April, while in others it is postponed until early May.
The main indicator by which you can accurately determine when it is time to begin feeding, is the height of the stem, which should be at least 10 centimeters. Before this period, fertilizing is meaningless, because the bulbs are not yet able to absorb them.
VIDEO: WHAT TO ADVERTISE SPRING LILIES
Choosing the right fertilizer
Sources of extremely necessary in preparation for the flowering of lilies can be both mineral and organic supplements. Purchased
From industry-produced mineral fertilizers containing nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, and some other beneficial substances, fertilizing has proven best of all in the form of:
- ammonium nitrate, which should be used at the rate of one tablespoon per square meter of flower bed,
- nitrophos, a tablespoon of which must be diluted in a bucket of water,
- Azofos, used in the same way as nitrophos,
- nitroammophos, one and a half tablespoons of which should be dissolved in a bucket of water,
- Kemira Lux, with a solution consisting of 10 liters of water and a tablespoon of fertilizer, you should water the flowers a couple of weeks before flowering,
- Kalimagnezii, containing, among other things, also magnesium, which gives brightness to flower petals, and 20 g of which must be applied to each square meter of flower plantings.
Organic supplements are also good suppliers of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium to lilies during the budding period, but they cannot, by themselves, without the addition of mineral fertilizers, provide plants with these substances to the fullest extent.
The greatest recognition among gardeners has received the original folk remedy of top dressing in the form of fermented mullein solution. It is prepared from cow dung and water in a ratio of one part manure and four parts water. These ingredients are mixed in a container and left to ferment for ten days, during which the solution is mixed twice or three times a day.
Ready fermented solution of mullein is diluted in proportion to 1 liter of fertilizer per 10 liters of water.
Fertilizing in the form of wood ash is very useful for these flowers. Any ash produced by burning wood is suitable for this. After sifting, a glass of ash is added to the bucket of water. The resulting mixture can be in small portions to water the flowers all spring.
Actively use flower growers to feed their pets humus from compost or manure. Compost is prepared from any biological and organic substances that decompose in the process of vital activity of microorganisms. This usually occurs in compost pits, where mowed grass, fallen leaves, dry branches, food waste and so on are laid. After two or three years, mature compost is obtained, which has a crumbly consistency. It is scattered over the surface of the ground, where flowers grow, at the rate of five to six buckets per ten square meters.
The manure that has rotted throughout the year in a covered pit or heap is used in the same way.
Choosing the best fertilizer for feeding in the summer
During the flowering period, the greatest effect is achieved from fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
PurchasedThe most effective means to prolong the lush bloom of lilies are double superphosphate and potassium magnesium. They actively contribute to the strengthening of the green mass and make the petals of flowers more vivid, especially pink and light red tones. Usually, one and a half tablespoons of potassium magnesium or two tablespoons of superphosphate are diluted in a bucket of water. And since the superphosphate is poorly soluble, the water must first be slightly warmed.
Sometimes complex fertilizers are used for summer feeding, which include amofos, nitroammophos and azophos. One and a half tablespoons of fertilizer should be dissolved in ten liters of water.
The most popular fertilizer for lilies, which is almost always at hand, because it can be quickly done by yourself at any time, is wood ash. In addition, it belongs to those dressings, to the introduction of which the lilies react particularly clearly. Sifted ash is scattered over the soil surface under flowers at the rate of 100 g per square meter.
Choosing the right fertilizer
Best of all it helps the bulb to prepare for winter and to accumulate a good supply of nutrients, phosphorus-potassium fertilizer, which, among other things, increases the resistance of the plant to diseases. And organic fertilizers in the form of mature compost or humus from manure, covering a place in the ground with a ten-centimeter layer, will not only save them from frost, but also greatly enrich the soil in the spring with useful elements.
The first and main autumn operation to prepare for winter is carried out immediately after the end of flowering by the introduction of complex fertilizer, which consists of superphosphate and potassium sulfate. A teaspoon of each ingredient is diluted in five liters of hot water, and then each bush of the plant is watered with half a liter of this warm solution.
The main rule of application of mineral fertilizers in the fall is the requirement not to make them after the first days of September, so as not to provoke the appearance of young shoots.
The tested fertilizers in the form of compost and rotted manure serve in the autumn as a source of additional nutrition for plants, in winter - a warm blanket for the bulbs, and in spring - an excellent mulching agent.
Magnificent lily flowers that can decorate a plot of land, unfortunately, do not bloom equally brightly and brightly on any land. They need a lot of chemicals to maintain beauty, which they can get in full only with the help of a person. And flower growers have accumulated a solid arsenal in the form of dressings in the struggle to create the best conditions for their darlings.