The gooseberry is a light-loving shrub that grows well and bears fruit only when there is enough light. It does not tolerate either shading or thickening, therefore regular pruning is necessary for it, as well as air. And how to do it correctly, we will look at this article in detail.
Pruning is the main shrub care event., as a result of which we get a properly formed and abundantly fruiting healthy plant. It helps to control the growth of young shoots, to form old ones, to remove excess ones. Condensed plants produce small yields of small berries, and even those due to their thorniness will be very difficult and traumatic to harvest.Gooseberry Pruning
Depending on the purpose, pruning is divided into:
- formativewhich results in a well-formed compact bush,
- sanitaryconducted for the improvement of the shrub when the diseased, broken, dry branches that hinder the normal development and growth are removed from the plant,
- rejuvenatingperformed to stimulate the growth of new shoots.
The timely cutting of the gooseberry will help protect it from most of the diseases associated with plant thickening and extend the period of its full fruiting.
Before planting shrubs to a permanent place crushed and dry shoots are removed from the plant, the rest are shortened, leaving four buds on strong shoots, and if the shoot is weak then two. Thin shoots are removed completely. Such a strong pruning pledge of good development of the bush. Gooseberry will quickly take root and recover, as it has the ability to quickly grow shoots.
The gooseberry bush is in the dawn of its strength until the age of 8, after which the fruiting is reduced, if not completely. To prolong the full life of the shrub requires its rejuvenation. From 8-10 years of age they begin to make strong pruning annually, which consists in cutting in the late part of the third part of the shoots of the whole bush for three years. This will trigger the growth of zero (growing from the ground) shoots. Growing for the year zero shoots need to cut about 1 примерно4 of their length.
Gooseberry bushes older than 20 years to rejuvenate does not make sense.
The classical scheme of pruning and the formation of gooseberry bush
This is the formation of the most ordinary bush. In the first year of life on the shoots of the current year leave 4-5 buds and choose 3-4 strong zero escape . Shoots growing horizontally, inside the bush, the sick and the weak are removed without regret. The following year, new shoots grown shortened by 1/3 , and zero is already left in the amount of the previous year up to 8 . In the third year of life a bush will have to 12 branches between the ages of one and three. Pruning is carried out according to the same principle: the branches of the current year are shortened, from the zero ones, up to 4 best ones are chosen. The bush is already fruiting. By the age of five, the period of full fruiting, the bush should consist of 20 powerful branches of different age. And from this point on every year the old branches are completely removed. They differ from other shoots in darker bark color. The further pruning principle is the same.
If this pruning technology is observed, the bush will be constantly young and abundantly fruiting.
Unusual methods for trimming and shaping
By cutting in a certain way you can form standard bush form or grow it on a trellis.
it growing shrubs in the form of trees. This bush looks very nice and takes up less space on the plot, harvesting is simplified.Growing gooseberry on a shtambe
To form a trunk, the strongest vertically growing shoot is chosen; all the others are removed.. All side shoots are also removed to the height of the selected trunk, usually a meter height is taken. Re-growing lateral shoots on the stem should be constantly removed, to facilitate the care of the stem, it is desirable to put a tube (metal or plastic) on it and bury part of the tube in the ground. This will serve as a kind of support for the trunk, in the winter it will be easier to warm it, in order to avoid freezing. Near the bush must install a peg and produce a garter trunk to him in several places.
Further formation takes place according to the classical scheme: up to 5 strong shoots are left annually; shoots of last year are shortened by about half. Escape - the sequel is not shortened. Removed as shoots growing down and growing inside the bush. All shoots that grow from the soil at the base of the trunk are removed. As an option - the soil under the bush zamulchirovat crushed bark and beautiful and the growth will not break through it.
The disadvantages of this form of trimming shrubs is a low frost resistance, the life span of the plant is only 10-12 years, since the stem is aging and it cannot be rejuvenated. But you can arrange the rotation of the standard bushes on the site. To do this, each year to form new plants and then the replacement will be retiring constantly.
This is a bush growing on a trellis. Mandatory installation in the rows of supports and the tension between them three rows of wire at a height of 50, 80, 100 cm from the ground . Bushes in rows are planted at a distance of 70-100 cm, the distance between the rows is 1.5 m.
The bush should consist of 3-4 branches. They are placed in a fan and tied to the bottom wire trellis, their further growth lead vertically. When performing pruning achieve horizontal growth of growing shoots3-5 of the strongest are tied to the trellis, slightly shortened, the rest are removed. The following year, these branches tie up without cutting to the second wire. The central shoots are shortened more strongly, and the horizontal ones are weaker so that they do not lag behind in growth. Zero shoots, thickening bush removed. Starting from the sixth year of life, begin rejuvenating pruning bush. Cut out the old branches, replacing them in advance left young.
With this method of growing bushes are very well ventilated and illuminated.. Harvesting is a pleasure.
Pruning and rejuvenation of gooseberry in the spring, timing
Gooseberry spring wakes up very early and if the decision on spring pruning is made, you should not be late with the deadlines. As soon as you can enter the garden and become warmer - proceed. Remove the dry and blackened shoots (branches, recovering from powdery mildew).
If this is the second year of a bush's life, then weak shoots are removed, leave 3-4 strongest zero escape. And they do this for the first five years. To the beginning of full fruiting (from the fifth year of life) bush must have up to 25 strong shoots.
If you are not able to cut the gooseberries in the spring, then you can do it in the fall. It is not recommended to carry out pruning pruning in early autumn: this may affect the growth of new shoots that do not have time to woody before the onset of cold weather and will die. Therefore, the autumn pruning is carried out in the period starting after harvest and leaf fall and continuing until the onset of cold weather.
- Inspect the shrub and completely remove all blackened shoots.
- Thin the shrub: remove unviable and defective branches (crooked, diseased, broken), as well as inconveniently located (for example, strongly protruding from the common bush or low hanging over the ground). Try as much as possible to clean the middle of the shrub to get rid of the newly formed shoots and low-yielding vigorous branches.
- Be sure to use the garden bar to cover up the places of large cuts.
Remember that the maximum number of cut branches should not exceed 1/3 of their total number.