There are many varieties and types of watercress. The most favorite varieties of gardeners:
Watercress "Danish" - this variety matures early. Two weeks after planting leaves appear. The leaves are spicy and spicy, delicate. One plant weighs about eight grams.
Variety "Openwork" - ripens a little more than a month. The height of the sockets to 20 cm, diameter up to 30 cm. The leaves are large, not too fibrous, light shade. Taste is gentle, without special sharpness, but with pronounced aroma.Variety "News" - Matures within a month, differs in a magnificent and high form of the socket. In height reaches 40 cm, in a volume of more than 60 cm.
Watercress "Ducat" - This is an early variety. It matures in 18 days, and is distinguished by a large percentage of germination - 99%. The weight of the plant is up to 20 g. It tastes spicy, pleasant, with a slight sharpness.
Soil preparation for planting
For planting watercress the soil is prepared in advance. In the autumn, they dig up a plot, choose weed grass and introduce humus. Possible complex, if the soil is not very good. Per square meter is prepared: potassium chloride - 15 g, superphosphate - 20 g, humus - 4 kg. In spring, the soil is loosened by adding compost or humus.
Scheme and depth of sowing seedsSeeds are sown into the soil prepared from autumn: deepen into the ground by a centimeter and cover with a film (if sown in March, the seeds may freeze over). Sow salad can be in rows, ribbon or solid beds. The shoots which have started up the third leaf, thin out. If you want large and lush rosettes, leave 5 cm between sprouts, after a dive - 10 cm. Condense the soil over the crops, and the seedlings will appear in three days.
The plant loves moisture, with its lack of watercress sprouts shoot arrows and lose taste. On hot days and in the absence of precipitation, watering should be daily, in cloudy weather - once every three days. The salad responds well to spraying the leaves, its greens are poured with juice and acquire a delicate flavor.
Thinning saladFirst thinned at the time of emergence of the third leaf of the seedlings, then again - with the appearance of the fifth leaf. At the same time, keep an eye on the distance: at least 10 cm. When growing watercress, it is undesirable to do frequent thinning: individual sockets can lose their accuracy and pomp. If necessary, with thinning make fertilizer.
It is very important to monitor the cleanliness of the soil, loosen and remove weeds. On this will depend on the health of your crops, it is also important to prevent stagnant moisture in the soil. The main care for the soil is its cleansing and fertilizer before planting watercress, as it is not recommended to process the leaves during growth, for your own health.
Collection and storage of cress seeds
To collect the seeds on the site leave the largest copies of lettuce. As soon as the leaves turn brown, the rosettes are uprooted. In a dry ventilated room, the plant is dried in a hanging position, having spread a pre-film or thick paper. Crumbled seeds collected and collected are folded into fabric bags and stored in a dry place.
Prevention and control measures against possible pests
Watercress can be attacked by two pests: cruciferous flea and cabbage moth (butterfly). When attacking flea beetles, dissolve wood ash or tobacco dust in water and spray it. This method will scare away the parasite and will not harm you.It is more difficult to cope with the butterfly moth, so when it is detected you will not use chemical means. Butterflies appear in June, and caterpillars spend the winter in the soil. For the prevention of such a pest should treat the soil: dig up, remove weeds before planting. During the appearance of butterflies, the only thing that can help is to catch them, luring them with light. Another factor in the appearance of pests is overflow or underfilling, and in the first and second cases the plant is at risk.
So strictly follow all these recommendations, choose your favorite variety and plant watercress.
Useful properties and main types of watercress
This fragrant green of the cabbage plant species is a real storehouse of vitamins, essential oils, ascorbic acid and trace elements useful for our body.
This grass is popularly called feverish grass, garden cress, horseradish, tsitsmati, etc.
If you regularly eat cress, you can:
- improve immunity
- cure different types of cough,
- avoid the occurrence of beriberi and anemia (anemia),
- clear the bronchi
- asthmatics - to prevent asthma attacks,
- normalize blood pressure and metabolism
- improve the functioning of the bodies
- to strengthen the naughty nerves
- get rid of tormenting insomnia
- quit smoking faster (watercress can reduce nicotine cravings).
Salad of avocado, cress and oranges
And homemade ointments, lotions and creams made from crushed leaves of this salad will help to quickly get rid of acne and cure traces of acne.
In addition to its beneficial properties, such a salad has an unusual sharp taste, similar to the taste of horseradish (it is not for nothing that people call watercress a crap), and it is also quite unpretentious in its care. The main advantages of growing watercress at home: the very minimum of care, the rapid growth of lettuce, its cold resistance and high shade tolerance.
Herbalists use watercress as a blood purifier.
Today it is known 3 main varieties of watercress.
What you need to grow watercress in the garden on the windowsill?
Cress Salad: Cultivation
The process of growing this salad does not require serious prior preparation and hard-to-reach products. First of all, decide on a cress variety and buy seeds.
Important! When buying seeds, always pay attention to the type of their packaging. A bag of seeds should not be dented or torn. Do not forget to check the shelf life of seeds.
Next you will need:
- capacity for growing height of about 9-10 centimeters. Suitable: plastic container, bowl, bowl, plate, tray or not too deep flower pot,
Capacity for growing watercress
Automatic Proraskivatel "Green Vitamin" (Sprouter)
Hydrogel as one of the substrate replacement options
Nutrient soil for seedlings
Growing watercress: simple step-by-step instructions
So, you decided to grow watercress on your windowsill and have already prepared all the necessary components for this. To begin with, there are 2 main ways to grow this salad at home: using soil or substrate. Choose the most suitable for you. The method of growing in no way affects the germination of seeds and the taste of plants.
Method number 1. Growing in substrate
Step 1. We take a suitable container and place the selected substrate on its bottom. The layer should be at least 1.5-2 centimeters. Moisturize everything with a small amount of warm water (preferably boiled or at least settled). If you chose peat or wood chips as a nutrient medium for watercress, then before using such a substrate, pour boiling water over it, thus avoiding the appearance of mold in the future.
We prepare the soil and capacity
Cotton can be used instead of primer.
Substrate need to moisten
Step 2. Take a glass and pour the seeds out of the bag into it, and then fill them with water. Water must completely hide the seeds. It is necessary that each seed has its own shell.
Step 3. We are waiting for a couple of seconds. Then we transfer the seeds with a teaspoon or simply pour the water with seeds from the glass into a cooked dish with a layer of nutrient medium. Carefully and without haste, distribute all the seeds in a single layer.
Seeds shifted to the substrate
Falling seeds - photo
Step 4. We cover our seed container with plastic film or cellophane to create greenhouse conditions and put it on the windowsill, where there is no direct sunlight.
Note that there should be no hot battery near the seed.
Create a greenhouse effect
Step 5. After a day, check the seeds. Most likely, you will see barely noticeable sprouts sprung from the seeds. And a day later, when there are already real sprouts, you can remove the film.
Salad ascended, the film is no longer needed
Care for this salad is very simple: you only need to water it regularly, turn the container with the sprouts around its axis (otherwise the plants will stretch out in one direction) and, if possible, wet it with water from the sprayer (watercress loves moisture very much). You can feed the plants with any mineral fertilizers (for example, potassium solution or urea).
It is very important not to allow the soil to dry out in a container with plants, as this can lead to a thinning of the salad and the loss of its taste.
Step 6. Only 1.5-2 weeks later the salad is ready to eat.
Salad can be grown in egg shells
Watercress in small jars
Method number 2. Growing in soil.
Step 1. Pour the soil into the prepared container with a layer of about 6-7 centimeters. Then we make even rows for sowing seeds with a depth of half a centimeter and at a distance of at least 10-15 centimeters from each other.
The soil is poured into the box, leveled, compacted with a plate, cut into grooves
And you can make it even easier: pour the seeds out of the glass, as in method 1, directly on the soil and sprinkle them with a thin layer of earth (approximately 1 centimeter).
Conveniently sow seeds on snow
Step 2. Tara with sown seeds can be covered with a film, or you can just leave it like this. The main thing is that the air temperature was not lower than 19-20 ° C.
Step 3. Take note that with this method, the seeds sprout a little longer (1-2 days), because they need to germinate through a layer of soil. After all the sprouts have grown, we necessarily reduce the temperature to 10-15 ° C. This will be a good incentive for the development of a strong root system of plants and prevent their stretching and thinning.
Step 4. Caring for sprouts is the same as in method 1: regular watering, water pollination, turning plants with different sides to the sun and fertilizing with mineral fertilizers.
Features of the harvest
The right amount of lettuce is cut when its stems grow to 8-9 centimeters. It is best to do this in the morning or evening hours. Store cut salad can be in the main compartment of the refrigerator for 1 day (preferably in a container with water). On the second day, it begins to turn yellow quickly and loses all its beneficial properties.
When the stalks of plants reach 13-14 centimeters in height, they must be cut off at the base or removed from the tank along with the roots. Consider that after cutting the plants no longer grow, therefore, in order to continuously harvest the watercress, it needs to be sown once every 2 weeks.
Secrets of the proper cultivation of watercress
Now you know that it’s very easy to have a fragrant and extremely healthy cress all year round on the table! To do this, just start to put it on your windowsill, following simple step-by-step recommendations. Such a “small garden” requires very little space, and caring for it does not take much of your time. But how much pleasure will bring you and your loved ones the process of growing and harvesting watercress. Even one kind of such bright greens can lift your spirits. You can attract children to growing cress. Without a doubt, it will be very interesting for them to care for such a "garden on the windowsill."
Watercress in the garden
Today I will tell about watercress cultivation and how to care for him.
Cress - a wonderful "green vegetable", which is popularly called "feverish grass", "horseradish", "tsitsmati", "garden cress". Watercress has a taste of horseradish. It is widely used in traditional medicine.
Its greens are used in diseases of the respiratory tract, with anemia, to improve the appetite, as well as to reduce blood pressure.
Watercress greens contain many mineral salts (potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron), as well as iodine, rutin, various vitamins, mustard oil, which gives the cress leaves a special taste. Use it in salads, with fish, meat, chicken.
Watercress is an annual, cold-resistant, early-ripening herb that grows on all types of soil, better in semi-shaded areas with sufficient moisture, as in sunny weather it quickly develops flower stems and leaves become small and coarse.
For fresh herbs throughout the summer, watercress is sown in several visits, every 20 to 25 days. To do this, for 1 square meter of bed you need to bring 2-4 kilograms of humus, peat, sawdust and dig up to a depth of 20 centimeters.
After that, the bed should be leveled and poured with a solution of a concentrated liquid fertilizer “Agricola-Vegeta” (2 tablespoons per 10 liters of water), or another complex fertilizer for vegetables should be added. The flow rate of the solution is 1.5 - 2.0 liters per 1 square meter.
On the cress greens sown in rows at a distance of 10 - 12 centimeters from one another with a seeding depth of 0.5 - 1.0 centimeter. Seeds before sowing need to soak in a damp cloth for 12 - 15 hours.
To obtain seeds of cress, sowing is carried out early, April 20 - 25 and sown rarely, at a distance of 20 - 25 centimeters between the rows.
Care for watercress salad consists in timely thinning of seedlings, loosening and watering. Watering often, but gradually - 2 - 3 times a week, 3 - 5 liters per 1 square meter, depending on what the weather is worth.
Green cress is cut when it reaches a height of 8 - 10 centimeters. Seed plants are harvested for seed when the pods begin to turn yellow.
They must be torn off and separated easily crumbling seeds.
This article is about watercress cultivation in the areas of the Middle Volga region and similar climatic zones. In other climatic conditions, the timing of posting and cultivation methods may differ.
I wish you a great harvest!
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Cress salad description. Growing lettuce. (video, photo)
Watercress is not only a tasty vegetable, but also a good helper against spring avitaminosis, and excellent prevention of oncological diseases
Cress (or klopovnik sowing) - the name of a plant from the cabbage family (or cruciferous). The homeland of this plant is the Middle Eastern region.
As a spicy and medicinal plant, watercress was known in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome. Nowadays watercress is grown everywhere in many countries of Europe, Africa, Asia, North and South America and in Australia.
Watercress is widely used in cooking - its fresh leaves have a pleasant bitter and spicy taste that resembles horseradish or radish. Like other leafy vegetables used in the preparation of salads, soups, omelets, sandwiches, as well as seasoning to dishes of meat, fish and eggs, cottage cheese, potatoes, first and second dishes, appetizers, sauces and gravies.
In some countries of the African continent, cress salad varieties are rich in fats. The oil obtained from them is used in cooking, perfumery and soap making.
100 g of watercress contains:
Useful properties of watercress
Watercress salad is a great way to fight spring avitaminosis. Watercress also stimulates appetite, improves digestion, normalizes sleep, lowers blood pressure, has antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory, wound healing, expectorant, diuretic and choleretic action.
Recent scientific studies have shown that regular consumption of cress reduces DNA damage to blood cells and helps reduce the risk of cataracts, age-related macular dystrophy, prostatitis, and cancer. Употребляют кресс-салат в качестве профилактического и лечебного средства при язвах и ожогах, кожных, сердечнососудистых, желудочно-кишечных и простудных заболеваниях, при заболеваниях дыхательных путей, желчнокаменной болезни, авитаминозах, анемии, повышенной нервной возбудимости, депрессиях, бессоннице, для уменьшения отечности и болей при воспалении суставов.
В народной медицине сок из свежих листьев салата используют при малокровии, кашле, для полосканий горла, а также как противоцинготное и общеукрепляющее средство. Aerial parts and roots are used for fever, lotions from crushed fresh leaves are used to treat an enlarged prostate gland and nonhealing wounds, the ointment is used for allergies, scrofula and scab, and a wound healing and bactericidal agent, and powder from crushed cress seeds are used instead of mustard. .
Watercress, perhaps the most convenient greens for the home garden.
First, it gives a harvest within 12-15 days after germination. Watercress is cut when its height reaches 6-8 cm.
Secondly, watercress does not need an abundance of light. It can be grown on any free windowsill.
And, thirdly, watercress does not require special packaging for sowing. You can use any sufficiently wide, but not too high capacity, with drainage holes. Watercress unpretentious to the conditions of cultivation.
It can be grown in a shallow bowl, saucer or plate, in which a wetted sponge or cotton wool is laid, or a layer of nutritive soil is only 2-4 cm.
He likes plenty of moisture and tolerates shade. Watercress seeds are scattered over the surface of the soil, sprinkled with a small layer of the nutrient mixture and moistened with a watering can with a fine spray or spray.
Before the appearance of this sheet, the temperature is maintained within 6-8 ° C, and then rises to 15-18 ° C. Watercress leaves should be regularly sprayed, avoiding overheating and overdrying of soil and air around the plant, as this quickly leaves the leaves and becomes coarse, becomes bitter and tasteless, the stem is drawn and inflorescences are formed, the nutritional value decreases.
Capacity with watercress should be rotated every day to ensure uniform illumination and to avoid pulling the stems. Salad can successfully grow with artificial lighting. When growing watercress on a window sill or loggia, it is placed in an unlit place and away from heating batteries.
To stretch the time of use, watercress is sown at intervals of 7-10 days.
Cut the leaves before eating. Fresh can be stored for 24 hours.
In winter, watercress can be grown on paper napkins, or even on a layer of blotting (filter) paper, in a separate container or with other crops, both vegetable and floral.
Watercress is very decorative, especially Curly with curly leaves. In the presence of varieties of watercress, alternating them in crops, you can get juicy vitamin, delicious and healing herbs all year round. In the Dansky variety, it takes 10-14 days from germination to the beginning of consumption; therefore, it is recommended for fast production of greenery in the winter and early spring periods.
In Dukat between germination and the collection of greens takes 18-20 days. Spring leaves are ready for cutting 20-25 days after the emergence of mass shoots, and in Amusement they can be consumed at the age of 25-30 days.
Growing a variety of News, greens can be cut in 30-31 days, and in Azhur - 32-45 days after seed germination.
Everybody can grow watercress on the windowsill. It grows remarkably in cool, bright rooms, on the windowsills of the north-western and northern windows at a temperature of 10-12 ° C.
If the temperature is too high, the plant produces a flower stalk, and the leaves lose their commercial quality. If there is not enough light, especially in the first few weeks after sowing the seeds, the plants begin to stretch and discard some of the leaves.
The best time for sowing is early spring (March) or early autumn (September). Fill the box (pot) with a universal soil with a layer of 10 cm. Then thickly, 2 g for every 10 cm2, sow the seeds to a depth of 0.8 cm.
By the end of the week the first shoots will appear, and by two or three weeks it is already possible to harvest! So that the green was on the windowsill all winter every 15 days you can sow the seeds.
Watercress is so unpretentious that it even grows in cotton wool! Take a small tray, put a 1-2 cm thick cotton wool on its bottom. Pour warm cotton over the cotton wool, moisten it abundantly, but so that there is no water in the tray - this is surplus.
Sprinkle cotton on the seeds of the plant evenly.
Put a tray with seeds in a bright place, for example, on a sunny window sill. If daylight is not enough, you can use artificial lighting from the lamp. Seeds gradually swell and give the first shoots.
Daily moisten the cotton with warm water.
Soon you can cut the crop and eat. Watercress cultivation of which is not difficult, will give you a vitamin gift.
Growing on beds
Cress - culture is not demanding on growing conditions. It is sown on the beds as soon as the soil thaws, in the row method with a row spacing of 12 - 15 cm. The seeding rate is 6 - 8 g per 10 m2.
Seeds are buried in the soil by 1.5 - 2 cm. Shoots appear on the 2nd - 3rd day. Plants do not thin out.
After 10 - 15 days after emergence, they are already suitable for consumption.
In order to have fresh leaves for a long time, watercress is sown in early spring, and then sown in several periods, every 10-15 days until mid-May. It can be grown in residential areas in boxes throughout the winter and early spring.
During the growing season they loosen the aisle, destroy weeds, carry out measures to combat lettuce pests with cruciferous fleas. Commodity products should be collected in dry weather.
When harvesting plants are removed along with the roots.
The beneficial effects of watercress on the human body have been noted in the annals of ancient Rome, Greece and Egypt. Doctors argued that beautiful leaves can bring a dying person back to life, and in severely ill patients, the process of healing and recovery is greatly accelerated.
Currently studied many useful properties of cress, due to the successful combination of healing substances. For example, the leaves and stems contain: minerals - calcium, phosphorus, magnesium, iodine, fatty oil, vitamins, as frequent groups (C, A, PP, B), and rare (D, K), flavonoids, essential oils.
Regular inclusion of watercress in the diet contributes to: stabilizing the work of the stomach and intestines, normalizing appetite, improving digestion, cleansing from harmful toxins and other formations, normalizing metabolism, as a result, losing weight.
For the digestive tract to work properly, the most correct thing is to eat fresh leaves of this salad along with other vegetables. For example, in the form of vitamin salads, in which it is not recommended to add salt and other spices.
Growing ginger at home
Details April 22, 2016 Views: 29
I honestly do not like ginger, but it’s worth trying to grow such a plant at home. Moreover, as it is written in the "Internet", there is nothing difficult in this.
That's what we bought this handsome, and then began to read about what to do with it.
It turns out that we did not buy the best copy, in some places a sluggish one and few kidneys. Kidneys, apparently, these are the mounds at the root.
In general, we soaked the root for a couple of hours in water (no potassium permanganate was found, and for growing it is recommended to bathe the root in the solution of potassium permanganate), then wrapped the pet in a sachet for the night, so that the ginger stayed in a wet environment, because the air is very dry at home .
In the morning, they cut off and threw out a completely sluggish piece, and cut the section with hydrogen peroxide, well, they planted the root.
About two weeks later, three shoots appeared. Ginger grows at home very quickly, right before your eyes.
You come in the evening from work, and he added five centimeters in height during the day. Very happy about it.
Well, over the past month our ginger has grown into such a handsome man.
It looks like the stem is hollow inside, so it is gaining altitude so quickly. On the decorative side of the question, the plant is quite pretty, but we have only three stems, so it looks rare.
For now, we recommend everyone to grow ginger at home.
Growing tomatoes at home
Details April 18, 2016 Views: 43
Snow has already melted, mid-April, growing tomatoes at home is in full swing.
We planted two varieties, "Balcony Miracle" and "Pinocchio", planted at the same time and the results are very different.
Here are our tomatoes, on the left just above the tiny Pinocchio lamp, and in the center are the huge “Balcony Wonders”
The "balcony miracle" is already in full bloom, and even one tomato has started, we hope that with one fruit everything will not end, because the plant is blooming very abundantly. This grade is no longer highlighted, since the height of the lamps is not enough.
Our hairy "firstborn", its real size is about the nail of the little finger.
"Pinocchio" due to its small growth partially fits under the lamp, so we highlight it under the lamp with Chinese LED strips. There is a suspicion of uselessness about these "fitolent", but it will not be any worse, therefore we continue to highlight.
On the "Pinocchio" also began to flowering flowers, but have not yet opened, but the growth of the plant is two times lower than the "Balcony miracle."
We water with "Baikal M", I would like to grow tomatoes at home without any fertilizer at all, but the campaign will not work, I will have to figure out what and how.
Watercress on the windowsill
Details April 14, 2016 Views: 95
Like all beginners "housewives" lovers, we started with the cultivation of onions, but the next step was an attempt to grow watercress on the windowsill.
In principle, this task is not difficult, and it seemed to us that in a couple of weeks after planting, we would regularly eat salads from fresh greens. Of course we were wrong.
First, in the neighboring stores sell seeds only in small quantities.
Secondly, without land on the windowsill, watercress does not grow more than ten centimeters, and this is not enough for regular salads.))
We ate the first watercress from the window sill, or rather we just managed to taste what the plant was. So believe the "Internet", which say that greens can be grown without problems and labor costs are not worth it.
For the second attempt at growing watercress, we re-purchased a small bag, sinceabout we did not come across any volumes. We decided to plant not only for the sake of greenery, but also for decorative purposes.
They thought to plant in a transparent glass.
In order to evenly distribute the seeds at the bottom, we cut out a round plate from a plastic bottle and cut holes in it.
Next, evenly placed the cress seeds on this plate, added a little water and put it on the window sill.
Honestly, I don’t remember how much time passed, somewhere two or three weeks and we got such a beauty, which we then safely ate.
We made butter and watercress sandwiches on top. Closer to winter, again, let's experiment with this plant.
Details April 02, 2016 Views: 169
In winter, the dacha hobby has grown into a desire to grow edible plants and houses. Homemade racks for seedlings changed to the purchase, complicated backlighting, adding LED to the fluorescent lamps.
They began to design lighting for the windowsill.
Tried to grow parsley, dill, lettuce, sorrel, basil, watercress. It turns out that everything is not so simple as it is written in the “Internet”; growing edible plants at home is a whole science.
Our "chaplets" were frail and rare, and then some kind of muck attacked them and we had to change the land. Now we start with a clean slate, take into account past mistakes and try to minimize new ones. Good luck to us))
Like many other housekeepers, we try to grow tomatoes at home. At the moment, planted two varieties, "Pinocchio" and "Balcony miracle."
As you can see, it is still winter outside the window, and our tomatoes are illuminated with pink light from a fluorescent lamp.
One can see the difference of varieties, “Balcony miracle” is clearly ahead of growth.
Ideally, you want to see a small bush on which many-many tomatoes blush.
Once, on the Internet, we saw that such an exotic plant like ginger can be grown at home.
My wife and I decided to try it, since in every major store ginger root is sold by weight.
They bought a root and, as advised, soaked it in warm water overnight, in the morning, cutting off a completely sluggish piece of root and processing a cut with hydrogen peroxide, planted the plant in the ground.
They put the plant pot on the shelf, where there is almost no sunlight, and after about a week sprouts appeared.
We planted pepper, almost two months passed, and all this time he grew up in a closed rack, under OSRAM FLUORA fluorescent lamps.
Variety chosen specifically for growing at home, called "bush shrub" Little miracle. "
Must grow no more than 50 cm.
Now they have put it on the windowsill, but also with lighting, see if the Ural sun will be enough in April.
What really grows beautifully at home is basil. Three times we planted this plant, and it always pleased us.
Now we grow again.
The basil has enough light even from a window in the winter, and it is sometimes so great to pick a spicy leaf and chew it. In winter, there is a shortage of summer smells.
When the plant grows it can be added to salads, the good taste of basil is pronounced, much will not be required.
We tried two different varieties, "Basil vegetable" and "Clove flavor", both are good for growing at home.
Watercress is often recommended for growing at home. We also try to grow it.
First, it turns out, watercress, popularly, is called klopovnik. So, when it starts to germinate, it emits a rather bright smell.
My wife immediately said that she smells like bedbugs.
Honestly, neither I nor she know how bedbugs smell, but the smell is for an amateur. The taste of watercress by the way too.
True, in order to eat this greens regularly you need a lot of seeds, and they are sold only in small sachets, which is quite expensive.
How many times have we tried to grow dill at home, not once have our attempts been unsuccessful. It does not grow and that's it, some kind of frozen and rare-rare poor fellow.
Three times we planted it and all to no avail, it is written everywhere that there should be no problems, but we have problems. And so it would be great in the winter to pick a sprig of dill, so zapashistogo and spicy.
For some reason it seems to us that he is hot in the apartment, but since we cannot change the temperature, we will experiment with what we have.
Watercress: useful properties and an easy way to grow at home
September 20, 2013
Proponents of a healthy diet say that salad cultures simply need to be included daily in your diet. However, for some reason they have not yet become widely spread in our area, while in Europe salads of all varieties are very popular.
Let's talk about this kind of salad vegetables, like cress, the beneficial properties of which make it the leader among the relatives (other salads). What is it useful?
Beneficial effect on human health
The list of all the positive properties of this unique vegetable is very extensive. It is worth mentioning his most impressive achievements:
- Antimicrobial, wound healing, expectorant, choleretic, diuretic, hypotensive action.
- Prevention and treatment of insomnia, depression, nervous excitability, joint pain, thyroid disease, anemia and many other ailments.
- The extraordinarily high nutritional value of the leaves: all the B vitamins and other important vitamins, trace elements (copper, sulfur, magnesium, iron, iodine, phosphorus, potassium), glycosides.
How can I grow watercress at home?
The useful properties of this crop are so obvious that some people grow it right on the windowsill in their apartment, using containers with the ground (about 8 cm of soil). It is easy to do. But the easiest way to sow the seeds on a moistened cloth (two centuries ago in winter, cress sprouts were obtained using wet felt).
The seedlings that cress gives are very helpful. Growing seeds in the winter cotton wool, gauze and even on wet paper, laid on the tray, passes very quickly. A week later, you can cut off the shoots and re-sow a new batch of lettuce.
Cut the stems should be stored in a glass with some water in a refrigerator.
A step-by-step photo of a very healthy homemade bread with watercress explains in detail how to use this vegetable.
- Wash and chop the salad (you can use other types).
- Fry tortillas in olive oil using watercress (useful properties should be preserved as much as possible).
- Knead the dough soft (flour, water or milk, salt, a little vegetable oil and a spoonful of sugar).
- Roll out into a tortilla, put fried lettuce leaves, roll into a roll and again roll out into a round tortilla to the size of a frying pan.
- Fry on both sides in a heated frying pan in olive oil. The lid must be kept closed.
The fire should be small.
However, in everyday life, watercress is often consumed fresh. Useful properties in this case are better preserved. Crushed leaves are added to all the first and second courses, they prepare vitamin green oil for sandwiches.
Dried leaves are used as seasoning.
Attention! With all its beneficial properties, lettuce cultures are strictly contraindicated for those people who have broken protein metabolism, who suffer from gout and the associated accumulation of purines in the body. Kidney stones (oxolate, urate and phosphate) also do not allow eating lettuce vegetables.
Следует исключить из рациона кресс-салат в случае обострения желудочно-кишечных заболеваний (язвенная болезнь, нарушение пищеварения с острыми расстройствами кишечника, дуоденит).
Кресс салат выращивание
Кресс-салат это растение, которое начало свое развитие в семействе крестоцветных. Впервые этот сорт салата был выведен в Северо-Восточной и Южной Америки, а также и в Передней Азии.
В состав листьев салата входят очень важные компоненты для жизни человека. Например, это соли йода, фосфор, железо, калий, витамин С, минеральные соли и каротин.
Basically, this sort of salad goes as a seasoning in the soup, to meat, fish, salads, etc. This plant is an annual, has a high rate of maturation, refers to the herbs.
It can reach a height of up to 50 cm. The shape of the lower leaves has a pinta-cut appearance, but the upper leaves have a linear shape.
Rosette of leaves is formed at the base of the sheet.
The color of the flower has a white or purple color. All flowers are collected in inflorescence.
The fruit of this salad is a pod. Seeds have a brown color, and rather small form.
Tastes of this salad have a bitter taste, but at the same time they have a certain spiciness and a rather pleasant taste. Juice and leaves of watercress have antioxidant, diuretic, anti-sclerotic, wound-healing properties.
At the same time, it also has a good effect on human sleep, well-being, improves digestion, and also normalizes blood pressure. This herb can also inhibit the growth of tumors.
Since watercress has a high development rate, it is customary to use it fresh as vitamins.
Doctors recommend the use of this salad for the following diseases: obesity, hypertension, cancer and skin diseases, vitamin deficiency and hypovitaminosis. This plant can improve the condition of the human body and even bring it to a healthy mind.
To do this, it is necessary to use cress juice 3 times a day before eating, one tablespoon. In order to speed up the healing process of strong wounds, it is necessary to use crushed leaves in combination with ghee. The proportion should be 1: 5.
Also, this mixture helps in the fight against scabies, cancerous ulcers and purple spots on the skin.
And now consider in more detail the cultivation of watercress at home. Growing this variety of lettuce in the apartment (or house) you not only decorate your home interior, but also get a large amount of vitamins.
This is especially good in the winter time. A light, cool room is suitable for growing this salad.
A window sill on the north side of the balcony will work very well.
Watch that the air temperature does not exceed 12ºС. Growing watercress at high temperatures, you risk getting an ejection of the flower spike, and the leaves will also be affected, losing their appearance and taste.
When there is not enough light, the plant is actively growing, but it can lose some leaves.
This is especially true of the first weeks of development of this plant. The most optimal planting dates are early spring and early autumn. For planting you will need pots or boxes.
Then you plant soil in them; the soil layer should be 10 cm. Sowing of seeds should be thick.
At 10 cm2 should leave 2 grams of seeds.
The sowing depth is 0.8 cm. You will be able to notice the first gatherings on day 6 after you have sown. On the 20th day you can harvest the grass.
Watercress needs abundant watering.
Fertilizers are not recommended. If you want to get greens throughout the winter, update the sowing every 15 days. The main feature of this variety is its ability of leaves to quickly recover.
Therefore, you can safely cut off some of the leaves of this salad, they will quickly grow.
In such a case, you can apply liquid fertilizer. But it is necessary to do only one race.
The most common varieties of lettuce are varieties: Common, Curly, Narrow-leaved, Broadleaf, etc.
These varieties are perfect for growing at home. The most common pests of this plant are cruciferous flea.
Remember that if your plant does not have enough moisture, it will lead to the worst consequences. First, your plant will turn yellow, and then all die.
Growing watercress usually begins with seeds.
Secrets of the proper cultivation of watercress
Posted by: Yuki | Comments 0
In connection with the craze for green plants, on our tables more and more new types of salads began to appear: lettuce, Batavia, Romain, oily, half-pumped and many others. And caring hostesses have chosen another far from new kind of vitamin greens and quickly began to grow watercress.
Especially since it is very easy to do right on the windowsill.
Characteristics and seeding
Watercress (or klopovnik) is a picky fast-growing cruciferous plant. He is known in the cultures of other nations as tertizak, kotem, and garden cress.
Salad leaves are widely used for culinary purposes and as medicinal raw materials. They contain large amounts of vitamins A, C, K and B1.
Due to the low calorie content of the salad is often included in the composition of therapeutic diets and in the diet for weight loss.
Fresh greens of these nutrient leaves can be obtained year-round. If in the summer it is possible from the garden, then in the winter from the greenhouse.
And the watercress is so undemanding that it will produce a crop, even on sand or even felt. You can generally sow lettuce instead of a compactor, in a space free from a houseplant, right at its roots.
Soil for watercress sowing in the garden is prepared ahead of time. It is best to do this since the fall:
- remove weeds
- make humus
- dig deep
In the spring, the prepared area should be augmented with the addition of compost or mineral fertilizers.
Useful tips on growing
Usually seeds are sown in early spring. But this plant withstands sowing and in late autumn - winter. Grow cress can be in the ranks.
But he gives a good harvest and in crops with ribbons or a solid bed.
And you can sow lettuce in several visits: from early spring and before the onset of summer heat. In later lines, it is undesirable to do this: the plant will begin to throw out the arrows, causing its taste to deteriorate.
From August, you can again be taken for planting.
One of the main advantages of growing watercress is a very fast growth rate. Literally half a month after sowing, it is already fit for human consumption.
The seeds of this salad are relatively large. They need to be evenly distributed along the grooves with a depth of 1 centimeter.
If in open ground per 1 m2 leaves 1 gram of seeds, then in the greenhouse this rate should be increased at least twice.
To get a large rosette of leaves, the distance between two neighboring plants should be at least 5 centimeters, and after diving - not less than ten. The soil over the seeding site should be compacted.
After 3 days, the first shoots appear.
If you do not adhere to agricultural technology or just pick old seeds, you can spoil the whole crop or not get it at all. After all, the proverb that you sow that you reap is not just beautiful words.
Growing in different conditions
Planting lettuce is just the beginning. Like any green crop, it needs abundant regular watering.
Otherwise, its leaves grow coarser, and the plant throws out an arrow.
- On hot summer days it is necessary to ensure daily watering.
- On cloudy days, one or three to four days of hydration is sufficient.
- The optimal amount of water is key in growing watercress. If it is provided, the plants will not be sick and be affected by pests.
Growing watercress is very simple. It is important only to free the bed from weeds and loosen the soil after abundant watering.
Propagated as any other salad - seeds. And in order to ensure the constant presence of its greenery on the table, the seeding of the culture can be carried out in several visits.
At a permanent place, the salad can be sown itself, so that after a while it will make you happy with shoots.
Watercress gives good yields and sometimes 2 kilograms from 1 m2. This is partly dependent on the varieties that are very much developed today. But green salads
leaves grow faster than purple.
Top dressing salad is a very delicate matter. After all, the period from germination to its consumption is very short.
Therefore, it is better to take care of the nutrient soil before sowing.
But if this did not happen, then you should feed watercress with the utmost care. Fertilizers need to be applied in very low concentrations and in small quantities.
This will avoid the accumulation of nitrates in the leaves.
Watercress leaves are undemanding to the light and even shade-loving. Therefore, it is easy to take root on the kitchen window sill, even from the north.
In order to get juicy, healthy greenery in the winter, you will need 2 medium-sized drawers that fit well on the windowsill and do not spoil the look of the kitchen interior. Soil in the boxes can be replaced with a substrate or even paper towels.
Sowing must be performed sequentially, once every 10 days. This will allow scissors to harvest the crop in one drawer, while in the other the salad is only growing. Growing watercress does not cause difficulties even for novice gardeners.
And then it is so fascinating that without its small, elegant leaves it is impossible to imagine a garden or a table!
Useful video about growing a real vitamin bomb at home:
Watercress. Growing up on the windowsill
Watercress, perhaps the most convenient greens for the home garden.
First, it gives a harvest within 12-15 days after germination. Watercress is cut when its height reaches 6-8 cm.
Secondly, watercress does not need an abundance of light. It can be grown on any free windowsill.
And, thirdly, watercress does not require special packaging for sowing.
Watercress unpretentious to the conditions of cultivation. It can be grown in a shallow bowl, saucer or plate, in which a wetted sponge or cotton wool is laid, or a layer of nutritive soil is only 2-4 cm.
He likes plenty of moisture and tolerates shade.
Watercress seeds are scattered over the surface of the soil, sprinkled with a small layer of the nutrient mixture and moistened with a watering can with a fine spray or spray. Before the appearance of this sheet, the temperature is maintained within 6-8 ° C, and then rises to 15-18 ° C.
Watercress leaves should be regularly sprayed, avoiding overheating and overdrying of soil and air around the plant, as this quickly leaves the leaves and becomes coarse, becomes bitter and tasteless, the stem is drawn and inflorescences are formed, the nutritional value decreases.
Salad can successfully grow with artificial lighting. When growing cress on the windowsill it is placed away from the heating batteries.
To stretch the time of use, watercress is sown at intervals of 7-10 days. Cut the leaves just before eating.
Fresh can be stored for a day.
In the Dansky variety, it takes 10-14 days from germination to the beginning of consumption; therefore, it is recommended for fast production of greenery in the winter and early spring periods.
Useful properties of watercress
Watercress is a very useful and biologically valuable culture that promotes digestion.
Greens contain 120-160 mg% of vitamin C, carotene, vitamins B1 and K, glycosides, mustard essential oil.
The presence of mineral substances: salts of potassium, calcium, iron, sulfur, magnesium, iodine and other trace elements.
Watercress has a beneficial effect on metabolism, activates the activity of the gallbladder, the secretion of gastric juice, has a diuretic effect. It is a good antiscorbutic.
It is useful for patients with anemia.
For the prevention and treatment of patients with avitaminosis, as well as with anemia, they drink juice squeezed from green plants.
VEGETARIUM A.V. IVANOVA - ALREADY NOT SIMPLY A GREENHOUSE & # 33,
Back in the early 50s, the Kiev physics teacher, Alexander Vasilyevich Ivanov, created his first vegetarian diet. In the late 60s he managed to get a patent.
During this time, the vegetarian has been studied, the author has received dark awards, the Ukrainian authorities have supported the initiative - mainly in words. In 1971, A.V. Ivanova was gone.
In 1988. In 1996, an unusual co-author book was published in Kiev in small quantities: A.A. Ivanko, A.P. Kalinichenko, N.A.
Shmat, "Sunny Vegetarian". This is the experience of working with vegetarian, with detailed descriptions of the device and work, construction drawings and projects.
The traditional greenhouse has three main problems. 1. When the sun is low (spring, autumn, winter, morning and evening), due to strong reflection at sharp angles, only 20-30% of solar energy penetrates into the greenhouse.
2. Huge loss of heat through the coating and the inability to stock it inside the greenhouse leads to huge fluctuations in day and night temperatures. 3. Direct ventilation, necessary in summer, takes all the carbon dioxide (the main plant nutrition & # 33), some nitrogen and all the moisture evaporated by the leaves - hence the constant need for watering and fertilizer.
Vegetarian immediately solves all these problems.
Vegetarian A.V. Ivanova is no longer just a greenhouse & # 33,
Problem 1. A vegetarian is built on a slope of 15-20 °, natural or bulk, slope to the south or southeast (figure). With a size of 4 to 5 m, this is quite realistic.
The roof is made flat - glass, and better cellular polycarbonate - this is where it is really indispensable. Result: the sun falls perpendicularly, and the reflections are almost zero. According to the authors, in comparison with conventional arched greenhouses, the solar energy rises 4-5 times, and in the morning, in the evening and in the winter - 18-21 times.
But that's not all. The back wall is capital.
Actually, this is the wall of the house or utility room. It is whitewashed, and ideally - pasted over with a mirror film.
With a low sun, it is a reflector, almost doubling the impact of the rays on the ground.
The slope itself by 15 ° at the latitude of Kiev increases the winter absorption of rays by 32%. Plus a flat roof and screen. The lower the sun, the stronger the effect.
When the sun is standing at an angle of 20 °, it absorbs twice as much energy, at 10 ° it will be tripled, at 5 ° it will be quadrupled. The slope of the greenhouse at 25 ° increases the absorption of the low sun, respectively, 2.5-4-6 times.
Vegetarian A.V. Ivanova is no longer just a greenhouse & # 33,
Problems 2 and 3 are solved by one of the most graceful inventions - a closed cycle of air and heat exchange.
Under the soil, at a depth of 30-35 cm, 55-60 cm apart, plastic (asbestos-cement) pipes (figures) lie along the entire greenhouse. Their lower ends are brought to the surface and covered with debris.
The upper (northern) ends are connected to one transverse collector. From the collector there is a vertical pipe - a riser, laid in the main wall. She goes to the roof, but not directly, but through the adjusting chamber.
The chamber opens into the greenhouse at a height of about 1.5 m. From the bottom and the top it is limited by dampers, and the exit to the greenhouse is a fan. If in the summer pritenyat roof with clay or chalk, household exhaust fan with a capacity of 15-20 W normally serves two pipes with a diameter of 70-100 mm.
If there are more pipes, additional risers with fans are made.
On a sunny day, even in winter, when outside is -10 ° C, inside a vegetarian is + 30-35 ° C. The top flap of the camera is closed. The fan sucks air into the pipes and drives it upwards (figure).
The air gives off heat to the soil. The cooled air is blown back into the greenhouse and heated again.
During the day, the soil warms up to 30 ° and above - ALL SOIL becomes a heat accumulator. He stocked up so much that almost enough for the whole night.
At night, the fan continues to operate, feeding heat already from the soil into the air.
Vegetarian A.V. Ivanova is no longer just a greenhouse & # 33,
Several readers have noticed: is it not better to direct the flow to the contrary - to suck in hot air from above and swing it down through the soil? It seems more logical. But the fact is: it will require a sharp increase in fan power and power consumption.
Here it is necessary to try.
In the past two decades, this system has been widely used in Europe, especially in Scandinavia. There, warm air is pumped into the soil, and into the stone floor, and into the sewers inside the pools, and even into the walls of the adjacent rooms.
Thus, without any heating, with a day frost -10 ° and night -15 ° C, the temperature in the vegetarium is kept: during the day - + 18 °, at night - + 12 ° С.
The main thing is a good sealing coating. For comparison, in an ordinary greenhouse at the same time: from 9 to 20.00 - above 10 ° C, from 12 to 16.00 - above 30 ° C, and at night, from 23.00 to 7.00 - around zero and below. Without an automatic control system, the normal temperature in the greenhouse lasts only a quarter of the time of day & # 33,
In case of severe frosts, a simple heater is inserted into the chamber, and warm air is blown into the greenhouse. For any force majeure enough heater with a capacity of 1.0-1.2 kW.
But there are few such nights, and even better in the winter to grow greens that do not require heating.
In the spring and even in the hot summer, the same fan in the same mode saves the greenhouse from overheating. It is not heat that is stored in the soil, but coolness.
During the day, the soil heats up and gives up its coolness during the night, and the cool air at night.
But the heating of the soil - the most powerful accelerator of plant development. At a soil temperature of 32 ° C, tomatoes and cucumbers give twice the yield a month earlier, and eggplants - four times the yield of & # 33,
And yet, upon the onset of the long summer heat, it is necessary to divert excess heat to the outside. Then the lower flap of the chamber is closed, and the upper flap opens.
The direction of the purge also changes: the fan begins to simply push the hot air out of the greenhouse. But at the same time lost CO2 and moisture.
Therefore, you need as little as possible to use ventilation. It is better for the time of heat to throw a scrim mesh or a homemade rope of fabric with sewn pieces of linen on top.
It is very effective to spray a greenhouse with a solution of ordinary clay. Поглощается как раз столько, сколько нужно – около 50% излучения.
Видимо, проблему поддержания температуры нужно решать комплексно. Летом мощность вентиляторов должна явно увеличиваться.
В режиме наружной вентиляции вентилятор всё равно будет удалять из теплицы влагу и СО2, и тратить на это электричество неразумно. Поэтому, скорее всего, стоит всё же предусмотреть форточки с умными открывалками.
Fans turn on automatically through temperature sensors, a grid is installed on the roof, and ventilation losses are minimal.
Problem 3. With open ventilation, despite the care and irrigation, the crop is reduced by 2-4 times lower than possible - that is, obtained in a vegetarian. Why?
There are two main points.
The first: carbon dioxide. A scientist from Ufa OV recently opened my eyes to his true role.
Tarkhanov Here are the field numbers. To create a normal crop of vegetables per hectare, up to 300 kg of CO2 are required, and a meter-thick layer of air — just 6 kg of CO2.
Only 2% & # 33; How do plants grow? Almost all the necessary carbon dioxide gives rotting organics.
And the more of it, the higher the yield. It is the closed cycle of air exchange that accumulates in the vegetarian
a unique mass of CO2, which reveals the entire productive potential of plants.
The second: soil and air moisture.
Surface watering, even if it is drip, has a lot of drawbacks: large losses with evaporation, cooling of the soil, surface development of the roots, influence on the physics and chemistry of the soil. The soil pipe system is a complete “atmospheric irrigation” system.
This is a condensate collector & # 33; Passing through cool pipes, warm air gives off a lot of water - it falls out in the form of condensate on the walls of pipes. And the pipes are perforated: throughout their entire “bottom” part, every 15–20 cm, punched with holes wide in pencil. To allow water to seep through, pipes are laid on a small layer of expanded clay or crushed stone.
All day, and in the summer - the entire first half of the day, the water evaporated by leaves and soil, forcibly returns to the subsoil system, and there the streams flow into the holes. Warm soil is moistened with warm water around the pipes. Here, in the warm humid depth, and the roots prosper.
External watering is almost not needed. The water is absolutely free of hard salts, but is enriched with ammonia of decaying organic matter. Organic and mineral fertilizers are applied in advance, when preparing the soil, and work gradually.
In case of lack of moisture mounted drip irrigation. It connects only with open ventilation.
Side effect: the air in the greenhouse is constantly humid. This is another important factor in productivity. Humidity greatly reduces evaporation through the leaves, and the plants, unloaded from unnecessary work, increase the biomass synthesis by a factor of 1.5,
As already mentioned, the fan is connected with simple temperature sensors, and automatically turns off if the temperature in the greenhouse is close to normal - when the temperature of the air and the underground pipes have leveled off.
For a vegetarian, you can use any slope, from east to south-west, and even the top of the ridge. Vegetation beds are arranged in narrow - terraces.
Plants develop huge, right up to the roof, and quite wide passes are needed. Under the roof, above the beds, there are beams for plant garters.
Vegetarian - capital, long-term construction. This is part of a residential building, part of the lifestyle of the owners. This is not just a greenhouse, but a model of solar technology - a new technology of rational use of the Sun.
Once I dreamed of a house with an attached capital greenhouse. Now I know how to do it & # 33,
In the early 60s A.V. Ivanov grew lemons, mandarins and pineapples in a vegetarian. With 17 sq.m. vegetarian - with two 8-year-old trees - he took 193 kg of lemons, and the next year - 216 kg.
This is not counting the immediately collected pineapples. The specific cost of the vegetarian was less than 15 dollars per square meter.
In 1963, 22 sq.m. 110 tomato bushes from very bad seedlings were grown in the primitive vegetarian. The harvest amounted to 269 kg of large fruits - 12.5 kg per bush. Then 110 chrysanthemums grew up.
Without spending a single ruble on heating, Ivanov turned in products for $ 600. The unit cost of the vegetarian was about $ 3 per square. meter.
1964 comparative experience with a gable greenhouse. Tomatoes in a vegetarian ripened 43 days earlier - 92 days.
Products from the same area in a vegetarian harvested three times more, and its cost - three times lower. The labor took half as much, and the films for the shelter were 2.4 times less.
Even without a system of forced accumulation of heat in the soil, the effect of a vegetarian is striking specialists. On April 21, 1992, tomatoes were sown in a primitive vegetarian.
On May 17, they were already 10 cm high, on June 7 - 40 cm and with a dozen inflorescences, on June 21 - with fifty inflorescences and 6 ripe fruits, until the end of July they carried 50-60 inflorescences and 35-45 fruits.
Vegetarian A.V. Ivanova is no longer just a greenhouse & # 33,
On average, inflorescences in a vegetarium appear a month earlier than in greenhouses, and mature fruits - by one and a half. When the frost is less than -10 ° C, no energy other than solar is required. The cost of operating and maintaining a microclimate is 60-90 times less than in conventional greenhouses.
Despite the capital construction, the vegetarian diet already pays for the first year. The cost of harvest in a vegetarian is more than 10 times less, and the products are much healthier than in an industrial greenhouse.
In addition to its direct purpose - the cultivation of plants for food, my vegetarian has combined several other functions.
1. Heated at home. Real help in spring and autumn - even in cold, negative weather, the house did not have to be heated during the day. In those days, when the sun appeared early in the morning, it was also possible not to drown in the morning, but to wait until the sun warms up the greenhouse, and let warm air into the house.
When the days were short, or in cloudy weather in the morning, they still heated the stove and, on the contrary, heated the greenhouse. It was not possible to find out what is the state of affairs in the winter - in the winter we did not come to Zapolyanie.
shower in the vegetarian
2. Shower. In the absence of a bath - an excellent solution.
In the summer, we bathed in the evening, when the heat subsides, in the fall, on the contrary - in the sun, while it is warm in the greenhouse.
3. Kitchen. Autumn-spring option in the summer is too hot. It is not a pleasure to wash the dishes outside, in the cold and wind, and not in the room in the basin - but surrounded by greenery, warm (heated from the warm air of the greenhouse, or added from the kettle) water.
It is not necessary to take out a bucket with dirty water, - the discharge takes place in the beds.
4. Winter night toilet. Toilet bucket in the room or corridor is an option, though convenient, but low-aesthetic.
In the greenhouse - he is the place: quietly, spaciously, does not bother anyone.
5. Dryer for seeds and herbs. Any herbs and seeds dried out for a couple of days.
Peeling can also be in the greenhouse.
6. Storage and drying of firewood. First (in the heating season) I kept firewood in the corridor, replenishing supplies from a woodpile on the street at every opportunity.
Then she guessed to do it in a vegetarian - and there is less garbage, and they dry better, and do not interfere with the passage.
Vegetarian - dry firewood
7. It is convenient to store the tool and bucket-shovels. You don’t need to go far, and everything is under the roof, and you don’t wear dirt home.
8. "Nursery" for breeding and breeding plants. Warm, humid, and all the time on the eyes - it is convenient to grow something from seeds and cuttings.
The wind will not break, no one will come, you will not forget to water. Small seedlings take a little space, grow, get stronger - and you can repot the street.
Over the summer, I grew a couple dozen trees and perennial flowers (in two shifts) from seeds, transplanted them into the street at the end of the summer, everything got accustomed.
9. Additional living space. A vegetarian attached to the house is part of the house because it is used very often. It is very convenient that there was a second exit to the street.
It's great that additional lighting appeared (through the glass door from the vegetarian to the house). You can meet on the terrace sunrise, and sitting on the steps of a vegetarian - sunset.
10. The meeting place of friends and neighbors. If your friends went to the hotel for a minute, so they don’t want to go through the house and go into the house - there is no time, then you can take them in the greenhouse.
You do not have to razravatsya, you can sit down on the wood or the stairs, you can even pour a tea in a quick way, the benefit of the kitchen is right there.
vegetarian - winter garden
11. The generator of good mood. In addition to the hottest days of summer in a vegetarian very comfortable. If it rains, his knocking on polycarbonate is so loud that even thoughts become inaudible - a great time to meditate.
In early spring, watching everything grow and grow green among snowdrifts, you realize that summer is not far off, but right here. Late autumn there is always beautiful weather in the greenhouse, silence and food - tomatoes, succulent leaves or berries. And of course - flowers.
I still have few of them, the more noticeable their beauty.
everything blooms and smells in a vegetarian
12. Platform for experiments. Main Drive: Perezimuet - does not perezimuet. For the winter, I left: pomegranate, avocado, orange, basil, ginger, strawberries in pots.
Strawberries overwintered for sure - its lush flowering is visible to its neighbors even through polycarbonate. About the rest I will find out in a few days, when I finally get into the Polar region.
I remember, when I first studied on the Internet materials about a vegetarian, I often came across the question of its economic feasibility: whether to build a vegetarian or get along with a regular greenhouse, how much an increase in crop yields in a vegetarian can cover the increase in construction costs compared to a greenhouse. And someone gave a very wise answer - if we build a vegetarian solely for the harvest, then it will pay off for a very long time, but if for the soul, then its value does not matter so much.
According to my feelings, my vegetarian paid off many times, because I love him - and what could be more precious than love? And if I also learn how to grow food in it - there will be no price for it & # 33,
Alexander Vasilyevich dreamed that a vegetarian would be at every house, and we would tame the Sun, and stop needing fuel and purchased vegetables. That did not happen then.
The authorities did not support, glass and metal were expensive, and there was little money. Now - another alignment. The authorities do not play a role, many have enough money, there are empty walls of large houses, and there is cellular polycarbonate & # 33, Well, do we really need to grow up to a vegetarian diet?
Perhaps the most precocious greens grown on our gardens, can be considered watercress. This is an annual plant of the cabbage family.
It is widely cultivated in the Caucasus, Southern Europe and Asia Minor. It has a slightly sweet taste, similar to the taste of horseradish. The leaves are very tender and juicy.
For these qualities is honored as one of the best vegetable salad herbs. It has a branched stem with a height of 30-60 cm.
The branches are crowned with numerous small white flowers. The fruit is a pod with oval-ovoid wings.
The basal leaves of it are petiolate, the subsequent leaves are pinnate. Seeds are very small.
The growing season before the start of the collection of leaves is 15-20 days. Before seed ripening takes at least 160-165 days.
Watercress is a cold-resistant plant. The optimum temperature for growing 15-18 ° C. It is not exacting to light exposure and yields good yields in shaded areas.
It prefers light fertile and well-moistened soils. In the dry period, with a lack of moisture, leaves grow coarse.
Grades: News, Openwork, Danish, Broadleaf, Tricotto 3, Curly-leaved.
The best predecessors for watercress are dill, lettuce. tomatoes, cucumbers, root and onion crops. Watercress is sown in moist soil in late April-early May.
The seeds are mixed with sawdust or sand, the soil is lightly rolled. The seeding depth is 0.5-1 cm.
Shoots appear for 3-4 days. If desired, you can conduct pre-sowing seed preparation.
To have constantly fresh greens allows the conveyor method, in which crops are repeated every 10-12 days.
When growing watercress, regular watering, loosening between the rows, weeding and thinning are necessary. When growing on greens, one top dressing with a solution of mullein (1:10) is enough. Carry it out in phase 1-2 of these leaves.
Thinning is carried out twice. After the second thinning, the distance between the plants is 8-10 cm.
Cutting of leaves for consumption starts from the second week after the emergence of shoots when the leaves grow back up to 10 cm. The final harvesting is carried out before they begin flowering when they reach a length of 15 cm.
Plants are cut at the root or pulled out of the soil. It should be borne in mind that the watercress very quickly loses its fresh look and is stored no more than a day.
Therefore, cut his greens for the future do not spend.
Watercress is the green culture that God himself ordered to grow at home. Roughly speaking, it is enough just to sprinkle its seeds more or less evenly on the surface of the moistened soil in a pot or in a box, lightly sprinkle it, roll it in a little and cover it with a film. After 3 days you will see numerous pale sprouts, and after a week you can cut the greens.
And what green - delicate, juicy, spicy, spicy. Do not waste time, engage in the cultivation of watercress at home.
Agro-cress seed for seeds differs little from growing on greens. For the cultivation of testes emit a separate plot of crops and greens from plants are not cut. Conduct regular watering and thinning.
Two weeks after the first feeding with mullein (in the phase of 1-2 true leaves), the second is carried out with a liquid solution of fertilizers: for 10 liters of water - ammonium sulphate - 10-12 g, potassium salt - 10-15 g, superphosphate - 15-20 g The signal for ripening seeds is the massive yellowing of the leaves. Seed plants are cut, dispensed in the shade for 8-10 days and threshed. Store seeds in paper bags in a cool dry place.
Seeds remain viable for 5-6 years.
Mustard oil in leaves leaves a semi-sharp taste to watercress. Watercress greens are consumed fresh in salads, with sandwiches, as a seasoning for cold and hot soups, as a side dish for various dishes.
Its mild spicy flavor goes well with meat dishes, giving them a special piquancy, which stimulates the appetite. Watercress greens have a beneficial effect on digestion.
Its leaves contain vitamins C, provitamin A, vitamins of group B, protein, rutin, salts of potassium, calcium, iron, iodine.
Fresh greens improve sleep, help in the treatment of scurvy, with allergies, hypo-and beriberi, helps normalize blood pressure. Juice watercress treat anemia: take 1-3 tbsp.
2-3 times a day for half an hour before meals.
Watercress cultivation and properties
P Practically, all gardeners are now planting the main vegetable crops on their land plots, cottages and vegetable gardens. Just in the previous article, we considered the features of planting and caring for white cabbage, for those who missed in more detail “here”. And today the topic of the article is watercress features of its cultivation and useful properties.
Have reading that this plant germinates at 6-8 degrees of heat, sowing in early spring, very soon you will be able to feast on its juicy leaves. But in its beautiful leaves there are practically all vitamins, mineral salts and microelements known to mankind.
Planting cress salad at homeCress salad can be grown on the windowsill
Watercress is a healthy plant, rich in mineral salts and vitamins that can support immunity.. This is especially important in the autumn-winter period. Nutritionists recommend taking this plant because of its low calorie content.
Due to the simplicity of the plant can be grown all year round. To do this, just select a little space on your windowsill or glassed-in balcony. Watercress is considered one of the best crops for home gardens.
Why recommend growing on a watercress window sill:
- The plant is unassuming and does not require a lot of light. No need to spend a lot of time caring for him.
- Watercress quickly cakes. Just a few weeks after planting in a pot, you will get fresh greens.
- Growing watercress on the windowsill will provide you with a year-round supply of nutrients.
The choice of capacity and soil
Growing up on the sill of watercress is a simple affair. But still you need to follow some rules.
Gardeners recommend when choosing a container for sowing a crop to stop at wide pots, boxes, tanks up to 15 centimeters deep. Watercress can be grown even in a shallow plate with mineral wool, foam rubber or sawdust.
Experienced gardeners recommend choosing plastic containers, as this material does not absorb moisture. But the containers of clay or wood absorb moisture from the soil.
Tray for running off water choose deep. If suddenly you forget about watering, water from the tray will provide the plant with moisture for some time.
Before backfilling, take care of drainage by placing small pebbles on the bottom of the pot. This will protect the plant from rotting the root.
Put a layer of landscape matter on the bottom of the tank. It will prevent soil leaching during watering.
When planting lettuce at home, gardeners recommend using a universal “Biogrunt”. A layer of such soil is laid directly on the drainage. To cover the seeds advise the same nutrient mixture.
Before the next sowing of watercress, the substrate in the tank is changed. If you decide to get a new crop with the “old” roots, you need to feed the watercress once with liquid Rainbow fertilizer.
Sowing seedsCress salad does not require complex care
After laying the drainage layer poured the soil. Layer thickness from 2 to 4 centimeters. Plant seeds are placed evenly, at a short distance from each other. Consumption of seed material - 5-8 g per square meter.
Следующий слой состоит из той же питательной смеси и достигает в высоту 0,5-1 сантиметра. Важно в конце обильно полить “грядку”, так как кресс-салат влаголюбивое растение. Еще не взошедшее растение рекомендуют увлажнять распылителем, это не позволит вымыть семя наружу.
Чтобы обеспечить непрерывную поставку листьев салата к столу, растение выращивают циклами с интервалом 7−14 дней.
Оптимальные условия и уход
The first few days the pot should not be put in the sun, transfer it to a bright place after the emergence of shoots. You must beware of direct sunlight, as young shoots may die. Watercress does not like high temperatures, so remove the container with vegetation away from the battery.
The main rule when growing watercress on a windowsill is frequent and abundant watering. The lack of moisture leads to the stretching of the stem, the arrow of the plant and the loss of taste. The leaves turn yellow, become hard and bitter. The worst outcome with a lack of watering - the complete fall of the foliage.
Growing watercress on the windowsill - the procedure is simple. After 2-3 weeks the plant reaches a height of 10-12 centimeters, it can be carefully cut with scissors and served on the table.
It is necessary to cut as much lettuce as you eat for one time - the plant does not tolerate storage and deteriorates quickly.
Watercress should be sown regularly - about every 7 days. Then you will always have fresh spicy greens on your table.
Diseases and pests
Due to the rapid maturation of watercress, he is rarely threatened with diseases and pests.
The only problem may be waterlogging. This leads to infection with a black leg or rot. In such a situation, there is one way out - to re-harvest.
Read more about growing cress lettuce in the video:
What to remember
- Do not keep watercress in direct sunlight and near the battery.
- Lettuce leaves should be cut off just before cooking, as the greens deteriorate quickly and become unsuitable for consumption.
- Growing this plant will not take much effort, but it can provide the whole family with the necessary trace elements during the cold season.
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