Of course, you can not wrestle and not get hung up, and buy a ready-made device for snow removal in the store. However, if you have the necessary materials, tools and a few hours of free time, why not use them to make it yourself. After all, this way you can, firstly, save money, and secondly, you will get satisfaction from the results of your own work. In addition, you can make baby shovels, comfortable and appropriate in size for your little helpers. For the manufacture of a shovel with their own hands fit wood, plastic or aluminum. To learn how to make a tool for snow removal from different materials, read about the advantages and disadvantages of each of them below.
How to make a wooden snow shovel do it yourself
A securely made wooden shovel can last for five to six years. Materials that are often present in the household of a person who loves tinkering will be used to make it.
So, for the manufacture of wooden shovel for snow removal you will need:
- plywood sheet of size 45 (50) x 45 (50) (for children’s - 30 x 30) and 6 mm thick,
- board 45 (50) cm long (or 30 cm, depending on the width of the spade), 2.5 cm thick,
- cutting from an old shovel or rake, a bar (length - 2 m, width - 4-6 cm, thickness - 2.5 cm),
- thin metal plate or tin strip 5-7 cm wide,
- nails, screws,
- file or jigsaw,
First, prepare the basis for fixing plywood. Take the board and plow it with a plane from all sides to a smooth flat surface. We place the plank on the workbench horizontally, its underside should remain even, and the top should be cut out in an arc. We draw a arc with a pencil, in the center it should be equal to 8 cm, at the edges - 5 cm. We cut off excess wood. So we should get the end of a shovel. In the center of the butt it is necessary to mark the cut in the shape of a rectangle, where the spade handle will be attached. The width of the cut should be equal to the width of the cutting, and the depth of one side and the other side of the rectangle must be made different - so that the holder is attached to the shovel at an angle. So, one side should be equal to 4 cm, the second - 4.5 cm. A small bevel with a size of 0.5 mm will allow the cutting to sit well, and it is convenient for you to work with the tool. "Nest" for planting the cutting is done with a jigsaw and chisel.
Next, the finished end must be connected with a plywood sheet - the working part of the shovel. To do this, you need three nails or screws. Find the center of plywood and the center of the butt and connect them with a nail. Then we hammer nails along the edges, thus attaching the edges of the plywood and the butt. Snow shovel bucket ready.
How to make a cutting for a shovel
If you decide not to use a purchase handle for a shovel, as well as make it yourself, then you will need a board or rake 2 m long (for a nursery - we select for a child’s height) and 2.5 cm wide.
The advantages of this method are that you can make it of any shape - rectangular or round. The board or rail used to make the holder must not contain knots.
Ready stalk attached to plywood. To do this, you need to calculate the place of its fastening with the help of a roulette. The entry points of the nails should be marked on the back of the plywood sheet.
Be careful, as incorrect markings can cause the holder to sit awkwardly and make it difficult to work with a shovel.
Making a snow shovel from plastic
A small plastic shovel is quite suitable for clearing the walkway from the house. Let's try to make such an option. You will need:
- a piece of high-quality plastic with dimensions of 45 x 45 or 50 x 50 cm,
- wooden holder
- aluminum plate,
- jigsaw or hacksaw,
- self-tapping screws.
What to make the bucket: prepare the material for the shovel
For a bucket, for example, a plastic bowl or other container may be suitable. The main thing is that the plastic was hard and well bent. Before engaging, it must be tested for strength. Make every effort to break it. If the plastic bends well and does not break, then the material for the shovel will do.
You can cut the required size of the scoop with an electric jigsaw or hacksaw. You should not seek smooth edges, because the edge of a shovel and so quickly sharpened about the snow when working.
How to make a shovel holder for your own hands
We have already written above about how to make a holder for a shovel with our own hands - in the technology of making a wooden shovel. It can be safely used for plastic shovels.
In addition to wood, the holder can also be plastic and aluminum. The handle is attached to the plastic using wire. In the plastic part, we make four holes with a hot nail: two in the place of contact with the handle, two in the place where it comes to the end of the plastic. In them we push the wire and fasten the holder.
A harder way is to attach the cutting with iron plates. To attach it using a screwdriver. One plate will hold the cutting, the second is mounted in a place where the end of the holder is in contact with the shovel.
A plastic snow shovel with its own hands can last a little longer than wood or metal, and is convenient due to its low weight.
How to make a snow shovel of aluminum with your own hands
Under an aluminum shovel bucket, for example, you can put a lid on an old 60-liter saucepan, a washing machine, or another metal object measuring 60 by 40 cm. The required size can be made with a metal file or a grinder. You will also need:
- a metal or steel strip 3 cm wide, 2-3 mm thick,
- electric drill,
- rivet gun,
- wooden stalk
How to make a dipper for a shovel with your own hands
If the aluminum you are using under your snowplow is thin, it will need to be reinforced with metal strips, the length of which should correspond to the length of each side of the scoop - 40 and 60 cm. Holes should be made in the strips every 4 cm. rivets.
Making and mounting cuttings
The cutting can be made in the same way as in the version with a wooden shovel, or take ready. We fix it to aluminum with metal plates. Cut one 8-10 cm long, put it on top of the handle and hammer it in until the edges of the plate touch the aluminum bucket. Along the edges we drill two holes and insert rivets.
The second metal tape is placed 10 cm below on the holder. We fasten with rivets.
The holder is coated with varnish. After it dries, you can try the shovel in practice. If the tool is used only for snow removal, it can serve you for a long time.
There is another way to make an iron shovel for snow - from an old baking sheet. The wooden end and the holder are attached to the scoop tray with screws. It will take 15-20 minutes to make such a tool.
Aluminum, plywood or plastic - which is better
To understand this question, we will try to list the advantages and disadvantages of each of the materials for the shovel.
We think that every person who has ever been engaged in manual snow removal understands that the tool for this process should be:
More snow can hold iron shovels. A tool made of wood, it is easier to find the necessary materials, you will need simple tools and it is easier to make.
We considered several options for how to make a snow shovel. We are sure that the craftsmen of all trades can come up with some more, using other materials. Experiment, and the work of cleaning the snow will not be a burden for you, but pleasant troubles.
Scraper selection options
Outlets offer many scrapers for cleaning the snow, among which it is difficult to choose a convenient tool. Snow removal equipment has the following differences:
- the size,
- material of the cutting and working surface,
- tool mass
- form of working surface, handles,
- availability of additional devices that simplify cleaning of large sheds of snow.
Usually a person when buying a scraper is guided by its financial capabilities, which is extremely wrong. The price is of great importance, but you need to take into account the amount of work to be done.
First, scrapers are hand tools. Choose the size of the inventory according to their physical capabilities. The lighter and more convenient the scraper, the less fatigue from snow removal.
If you rely on the ease and long life, they prefer an inventory of aluminum or composite alloys.
Secondly, the cleaning will be easier if the person does not bend over to pick up the snow. The scraper handle is selected for its growth. Optimal purchase tool with adjustable height cutting. The scraper will be able to manage each family member, adjusting the handle for themselves.
Snow shovel buckets and scrapers are made of plastic, composite alloys, plywood, aluminum, and galvanized. The cuttings are usually wooden or made of thin-walled aluminum tube. The material of the handle only affects the usability of the scraper. The bucket is selected taking into account the surface on which the snow is supposed to be cleaned. In order not to damage the paving slabs or other type of decorative coating, cleaning is carried out with a plastic or wooden scraper. On the ground or old asphalt it is better to row with a ladle made of aluminum or galvanized. A plastic and wooden shovel will do, but they must have a steel blade on the edge to protect the fabric from abrasion.
Shovels scrapers for cleaning snow with different bucket widths are produced, and it varies on average from 25 to 80 cm. If a large amount of work is expected to be done, it is better to purchase equipment with increased bucket sizes, for example, a scraper. The tool can even be controlled by two people. For easy movement choose a model equipped with rollers or small wheels.
Do-it-yourself snow scraper
Many owners of private yards make snow-removing scrapers and shovels themselves. Typically, the design is collected from a sheet of tin or plywood and cuttings. Craftsmen approach to solving the issue creatively. Make a drawing of a snow scraper, where wheels, stops, skis and other devices are provided.
To clean a large area of snow scrapers make dumps, and the convenience of their movement provide wheels. To make the work surface, you need a pipe length of 60-80 cm, with a diameter of 27-30 cm. The blank is dissolved by a grinder along 2 segments. A solid semicircle for the blade is bent tightly. A 3-5 cm wide strip is cut off from it. You can try to slightly straighten the semicircular segment, but carefully, to avoid the formation of dents from blows with a sledge hammer.
When the dump is ready, proceed to the assembly of the scraper on wheels:
- A steel plate is perpendicularly centered on the back side of the blade, exactly in the center. On its edge, 5-7 holes are drilled in a semicircle. Another hole is drilled in the center of the plate.
- Take a pipe cut. One hole is drilled at the end. The workpiece is connected with a bolt through the central hole of the plate. The tube will bolt up and down. Now a second hole is drilled on it, which coincides with those on the edge of the plate. The result was an adjusting mechanism for raising the blade. To fix it, use another bolt.
- A wheel pair for a scraper is taken from an old stroller or made from a piece of pipe, securing rubber wheels on the ends. The second end of the tube of the blade adjustment mechanism is welded to the center of the chassis.
- The handle in the shape of the letter "T" for the blade is made of steel pipe with a diameter of 20 mm. It can simply be welded to the center of the chassis at the right angle, but it is better to make an adjusting mechanism, such as on the blade.
- The scraper is almost ready, but it will scratch the tile, knock out rubble from the asphalt. You can improve it with a knife. It in the form of a strip cut out of a thick conveyor belt. Through the entire length of the lining and the bottom of the blade, drill through matching holes, connect the parts with bolts. The finished structure for cleaning a large area of snow is painted, providing protection against corrosion.
Before the start of snow removal, a convenient angle of the bucket and handles is set. The elements securely fix the bolt on the adjustment plate. Pushing forward begins to rake the snow.
It is easy to re-equip a manual scraper on wheels under a shovel engine. The handle is disconnected from the chassis and put on a walk-behind tractor with the help of a hitch. If there is a motor in the farm, it is permanently installed on the scraper, having previously welded a frame under it. Drive to the wheels provide through a belt or chain drive.
Scraper with a brush
When cleaning sidewalks from tile, roofing, a telescopic snow scraper is convenient, additionally equipped with a brush. The store version consists of a sliding aluminum rod, at one end of which a comfortable grip is attached. A rectangular plate is perpendicularly attached to the second end. One of its edges is plastic or rubber, and the second is of stiff bristles that form a brush. The hard side of the scraper first clean the thick layers of snow. Brush sweep away the remaining thin layers.
A similar scraper can be assembled independently, but it is better to attach the brush to the back of the blade on the wheels. After one pass on the pavement path, an improved scraper leaves a clean tile without the slightest residue of snow.
Skiing Scraper Drawing
The traditional metal scraper for snow removal in the form of a rectangular plate and U-shaped handle is hard to push. Tired back hands. In addition, the edge of the scraper often cuts into the ground, if the tool is held with a small bias. Simplify the cleaning of thin layers of snow helps advanced design shown in the drawing. In fact, the job is to install the finished scraper on the skis.
Runners 1 m long do of corners. The edges are folded up so that the skis do not crash into the ground. The scraper is fixed at an angle to the runners with bolts, pre-welded eyelets. The lower edge of the working plate should also be on the skis, and not rest against the ground.
Do it yourself snow scraper
Before you start making a scraper, you need to consider where the snow tool is to be cleaned From this issue will depend on its shape and design. For cleaning a thin layer of snow from a flat surface, the simplest version with a U-shaped handle will do:
- A rectangle is cut out of aluminum sheet 3 mm thick or plywood 5-6 mm thick. The width of the blank is taken standard - 50 or 60 cm. The length depends on the physical capabilities of the operator. Usually adhere to the parameter from 0.8 to 1.2 m.
- If plywood is selected for the scraper, the edges are framed with steel tape to protect against abrasion.
- For the U-shaped handle, it is desirable to find a thin-walled tube. An excellent option is the frame of the old folding bed. It is made of an aluminum tube, and it is already bent by the letter “P”. The handle is fixed to the plate with bolts.
Scraper on the snow pushed with both hands, holding it down on itself. Cleaning a wide tool can be done together.
Cleaning large drifts with snow removal outside the territory is more convenient to carry out with a scraper-drag. In such a tool the hardest thing to make a bucket. It is cut out of thin galvanized or sheet aluminum. The joints of the connected fragments are fixed with rivets or bolts with a diameter of 5-6 mm. Bolted connection to the bucket fix U-shaped handle. Fastening is carried out as often as possible so that when the bucket loaded with snow is raised, the sheet metal does not break.
For cleaning the snow from the roof scraper using plastic. The design consists of a handle with end fastening of a rectangular plate. When self-made work surface cut out of a plastic barrel. The handle is desirable to make folding of aluminum tubes. Таким скребком удобнее осуществлять уборку снега со скатов, не залезая на них.
Для разборной ручки используют трубки разных диаметров. Если заготовки по толщине одинаковые, используют переходники. Надо найти хотя бы маленькие кусочки меньшей по диаметру трубы. На заготовку с обоих концов насаживают длинные трубы. To prevent the scraper handle from disengaging during the removal of snow from the roof, the joints are reinforced with a bolted joint.
The inconvenience of the end model is the cleaning process. Snow has to pull over. After the passage of one lane, scraper again throws up the slope of the roof.
The best telescopic scraper for cleaning snow from the roof is a frame structure. In the home version, the handle is similarly assembled from aluminum tubes. A rectangular frame of a rod or a thin tube is attached to the end. Part size depends on personal preference. A long strip of waterproof fabric is fixed to the lower frame element. A piece of old awning or thick film will do.
Cleaning of snow is carried out by cutting of layers. The scraper frame is pushed upwards along the roof slope. Clipped snow crawls along the ribbon, crumbling under the building foundation.
The video will help in the manufacture of a simple and reliable scraper:
If you do not want to make yourself a shovel on wheels, designed for snow removal, you can use ready-made inventory options that are offered by retail stores, as well as online store services. The price of such shovels will be several times more expensive than for traditional wooden, metal or plastic shovels, but the efficiency will be ten times higher.
The tool allows you to remove the snow in a large enough area. Two-wheeled models easily cope with cleaning the area from the snow, allowing for the same time as the usual shovel to remove 5-8 times more snow. One of the advantages of mechanized shovels on wheels is the ability to raise the heap, if the device somehow hits an uneven surface.
Industrial designs are not cheap. The most well-known low price is fixed at a rate of 900 rubles, but these are Chinese samples that do not meet the high requirements of reliability and operation. There are Russian European models, which cost, starting from 6 thousand rubles and more. If you plan to make a spade yourself, then your expenses for an approximate calculation will be no more than 300 rubles for all materials, including consumables. And if you plan to use second-hand materials, then your model of super shovels will cost no more than 120 rubles, taking into account the direct costs of electricity.
Where better to buy a shovel to choose you. If you have the desire, you can build a homemade snow plow, designed for snow removal in the winter. Self-made shovels with a partial upgrade can serve you for several seasons. It is necessary to periodically clean the device, be sure to wipe it dry and store in a safe dry place where there is no moisture. Among the industrial options of snow dumps we recommend the series of shovels Engine and Electromash of Russian production.