Spirea is an ornamental plant that pleases with beauty. It is considered especially popular among those involved in gardening. Spirea today in the trend. Successfully grown in gardens, often adorns the parks of cities. About features planting and care for spirea told in our article.
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There are more than a hundred varieties of culture that may surprise with an abundance of possible shades and shapes.
Spirea is an ornamental shrub of the Rosaceae family. The name fully reflects the flexibility of the branches. From Greek "speira" is translated as a bend.
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Occurs in different climatic zones: forest, forest-steppe, semi-desert, mountains. One of the limits of habitat passes in the Himalayas.
It can be dwarf (up to 15 cm in height) and unusually high, reaching 2 m. Different varieties of spirea bloom from May to early autumn. To enjoy the beauty of flowering for a long time it is worth planting several varieties at the same time. The more of them, the longer they delight their flowering. Flowers look like small strings, creating fluffy inflorescences of different shades (light pink, crimson, white).
The root system does not penetrate much, has a fibrous appearance. Depending on the variety, inflorescences are placed around the shoot or only at the ends. Leaves are round or pointed. Usually they are painted in bright green. Erect or creeping branches may have a brown bark, which sometimes exfoliates.
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Interesting! It is customary to plant several bushes in one place at once. Spirea fence looks irresistible, but a single landing also looks good.
Spring blooming spirea usually begins to bloom after a year of life last year's shoots. Flowers have only white color, differ in insignificant shades. This species is characterized by enhanced tillering.
The most favorite varieties of gardeners:
- Gray spirea is a hybrid of the betel-whitish and whitish-gray spirea. Blossoms in white, named for the gray color of the leaves. It grows up to 2 m, the branches are very thin. Flowering begins in May until mid-June,
- Spirea Grefshane especially unpretentious. A tall bush up to 2m in height has thin branches of a brown color, snow-white umbrellas with a diameter of 1 cm. It is an abundant honey plant,
- Spirey Wangutta –Hybrid of Cantonese and three-blade spirea.
Spirea blooms can be admired only in summer. Pinkish or red-pink flowers adorn exclusively young shoots. Last year's shoots gradually die.
Especially popular Japanese spirea.
Shrubs of the Japanese spirea grow to 1.5 meters. Bright green leaves in autumn fall yellow, are red, even purple. Flowering plant 45 days. Inflorescences are colored red-pink, rarely white.
Popular varieties of Japanese spirea:
- Spirea princess Little has a small height of up to 0.6 m, a round crown, oval-shaped leaves. Flowers are red, reaching 4 cm in diameter. Rostet is extremely slow.
- Golden princesses It differs little from the previous one, only growing taller than 1 m, it can have yellow foliage.
- Shirobana - low-growing plant - up to 0.6—0.8 m, but has a broad crown of at least 1.2 m, the leaves are narrow, the flowers are pink-white tones.
The flowering shrubs also include:
Spiraea birch leaf, the leaf of which is really similar to birch, which was the reason to call the variety in this way. A small shrub grows to 60 cm, has a magnificent ball shape, zigzag shoots, the ends of which are decorated with white flowers.
Willow spiraea. High up to 2 m, has a red-yellow, brown shoots, the leaves have pointed ends, usually green, pink inflorescences pyramidal shape 20 cm long, appearing at the ends of the branches.
In Siberia grow the most winter-hardy varieties:
Shrub tolerates frosty winters well, is grown in many northern regions.
Many species tolerate frost well, but for Siberia it is better to choose especially frost resistant options. Of great importance is not just the resistance to low temperatures, but the flowering period and other factors.
Watch the video! Top of the most interesting varieties of spirea
Designers advise growing spirea as a hedge. If planted with a lone shrub, it is better in the middle of the garden. In the care of the shrub is not picky, but in planting you need to follow certain rules.
The soil on which you are going to grow spirea, should be leafy or sod. Be sure to prepare the drainage layer. Experienced flower growers are advised to plant a bush in cloudy weather.
Soil for planting
The soil should be loose so that the plant can eat well. Prepare a drainage layer: from a broken brick, expanded clay or other improvised means. Drainage will not allow moisture to linger at the roots and the plant will be able to fully grow.
Important!Spirea feels well in more alkaline soil. Acidity of soil above seven units is contraindicated for the cultivation of the bush.
The pit should be fertilized with high-quality trace elements. For this, a mixture of sand, peat and turf soil is prepared in a 1: 1: 2 ratio. In extreme cases, mix the sand with the ground.
Selection of seedlings and soil preparation
Seedlings are best purchased from experienced gardeners or specialty stores. It is important to pay attention to the condition of the roots of your chosen plant.
Carefully free it from the ground so as not to damage the root system and inspect. If the acquired seedling is in a pot, then soak the roots before planting it in the ground. Shorten long and shaggy roots. Cut dry branches at the base, they will no longer take any part in the growth of the bush. If young shoots have grown very large, they need to be shortened to 20 cm.
Before planting the seedling, pour fertilizer over the landing pit. Usually use a mixture of mineral and organic dressings.
Dig a hole the size of 50 by 50. Lay the drainage layer about 15 cm high. Lay the roots of the seedling directly on the drainage, not forgetting to straighten them.
Fill the pit with a ready mix of earth-sand-peat or earth-sand and tamp it. After planting, pour a large amount of water in plenty of water on a new bush. Did you know?Spiraea is well planted near the apiary, it is considered a honey shrub. It also affects the health of the environment, because it is a phytocidal plant. Leaves and flowering dried and used for medicinal purposes.
Watering and soil care
The plant is moisture-loving and needs frequent watering. Of course, observing the watering schedule you need to take into account the precipitation. If the arid hot summer, then water a few times a week with plenty of water. About 10 liters of water are taken off at a time.
In case of heavy rainfall, stop watering for a while. Watch the top ball of the soil, when it is drained, resume the procedure. To preserve moisture in the well, mulch the soil. The function of the mulch is performed: dry bark, sawdust, dry grass. Remove weeds in a timely manner and loosen the soil. The root system of spirea is not very developed and is not deep, so it suffers from drying and weeds.
Plant nutrition and fertilizer
Superphosphates, which are added to ready-made fertilizer solutions, are added to top dressing. A mixture of top dressing can be prepared independently from chicken manure or mullein. Use 1 part litter per 6 parts water.
It is impossible to overdo it with concentration, it can damage the root system. The finished mixture should ferment for up to two weeks, and then mix 1 l of infusion with 10 l of water and perform root watering. Such fertilizers make before flowering plants and after pruning.
Important!Young seedlings can not be fertilized! Top dressing is done in the second year after the landing of the bush.
Spiraeus is usually taken in spring and autumn at the end of flowering. Spring pruning involves the removal of frozen twigs. Later weak shoots are removed. During flowering pruning is not carried out, but after removing small buds and shoots.
To rejuvenate old bushes, they are cut so that only very short branches remain (up to 5 cm above the ground). This procedure is called radical pruning.
Major diseases and pests
Infection fungus appears on the leaves as dark spots. Pathogen: septoriosis, ramulariasis, ascochitis. It is necessary to process means from a fungus: "Fundazol", colloidal sulfur, Bordeaux mixture.
Pests: moth, miner, spider mite, aphid. When these pests appear, the leaves of the bush coagulate and change color. Treat with poisons: "Karbofos", "Phosphamide", "Etafos", any insecticides aimed at the destruction of these individuals will do. White spirea during flowering will be a charming pearl of your garden and will attract the attention of passers-by. Decorative beauty is picky and does not require much attention, but it will bring a lot of joy and enrich your yard with the pleasant aroma of its flowers.
Selection and preparation of seedlings
Planting spirea, and spring and summer flowering can be made in spring and autumn. In the garden center or nursery of ornamental crops, it is better to choose a seedling with a closed root system or with a clod of earth.
The seedling should be young, compact, it should not be leaves. Spireas, on which the leaves appeared, do not tolerate the transplant.
Do not buy overgrown bushes with very branched shoots. Not the best choice - plants that have sprouted roots from a drainage hole. On the one hand, this is confirmation that the sapling has been growing in this pot for a long time, and not planted in it an hour before the sale, on the other hand the whole room is covered with roots and is already cramped in a closed volume.
In plants with an open root system, it is necessary to check the quality of the root lobe. The roots must be wet, elastic, without broken and blackened at the cut. There should be no dry and brittle roots. Useful when the open root system is covered with a mixture of clay, manure and a root formation stimulator.
Branches should be lively, flexible, with green bark, healthy buds. Second order branches in a small amount are welcome.Spirea breeding division bush. Planting delenok.
Selection and preparation of landing sites
Like every plant, spirea has its own characteristics of the choice of location and method of planting.
- All spireas can grow both in a sunny place, and with some shading. In the penumbra bushes grow better, but form fewer flowers. At the same time, on spireas in small shading, flower baskets are brighter in color and retain their decorative effect longer.
- The soil is preferably permeable, moderately wet. To improve the composition of the garden land, you can add leaf or sod soil to its composition. Heavy clay soils loosen peat and sand. Spirea Bilard and her hybrids do not tolerate calcareous soils.
- When planting, the spirea must create a drainage layer of expanded clay or broken brick.
- The pit for planting is prepared by one third more than an earthen clod of a seedling, with a depth of at least 0.5 m, and the root collar should be at the same level as in the nursery.
- Plant better in cloudy weather, during rain the survival rate of plants is higher.
- Suitable neighbors for spirea bushes are conifers.
Planting spirea in spring
Spring plant spireas, blooming in summer. With the landing you need to hurry up and have time to plant the bushes before bud break.
For any period of planting, the pit is prepared in the same way: the walls must be vertical and dig it 2-4 days before planting. The drainage layer should be at least 15, preferably 20 cm.
- When planting you need to shorten the above-ground part and cut very long and dried roots.
- The soil removed from the landing pit is mixed with fertilizer, if necessary with peat or sand.
- At the bottom of the pit they arrange a mound of earth, a sapling is placed on it.
- With an open root system, all the roots are straightened, sent in different directions and sprinkled with earth.
- Having half-filled the roots, a bucket of water is poured into the pit.
- Fall asleep hole completely.
- The soil around the bush is compacted and the seedling is slightly pulled up so that the roots are flattened.
- An earth mound is formed around the bush, watered and powdered with a mulching material to preserve moisture.
Planting spirea in autumn
In the autumn they plant and transplant spireas of any period of flowering. It is important to complete this process before the end of the leaf fall. At this time, the bushes can be propagated by dividing the bush. Spirea age should not exceed 3-4 years. In older bushes, the root system is very large, it is difficult to extract from the ground and divide.
Shared bush dig up, leaving a lump of earth a little larger than the crown projection. Chopped with some roots will not harm the bush. The bush extracted from the ground is lowered into a container with water. Soaked earth will remain at the bottom, the root system will be fully visible. Allowed to remove the old soil from the roots of running water.
Sharing the bush is better with a sharp pruner. We leave a branched lobe of the roots and two-three one-two summer shoots on each delenium. Then they plant it as in spring: they create a drainage layer, fill an earthen hill, straighten roots on it, fill it with soil and water it as the roots bury, create an irrigation hole and mulch the surface.Japanese spirea
Care: watering, fertilizer, pruning, shelter
All spireas belong to the plants in the “Growing Up” series. Its care is minimal: moderate watering, loosening, weeding, dressing, pruning.
The root system of the spiraea is shallow, hence the need for soil mulching, watering at least twice a month. 1.5 buckets of water are poured into each watering under the bush.
Loosen the soil and remove weeds necessarily. As a top-dressing, a complex fertilizer or a mullein infusion with the addition of superphosphate (10 g per bucket of infusion) is used. The most important introduction of fertilizing after pruning and before flowering.
With pests and diseases, spirea is almost not damaged. They contain aphids and spider mites. Pests often settle on young shoots. Aphid not only sucks the juice, weakening the plants, soot fungus settles on the discharge of aphids, which worsens the appearance. You can fight them by any chemical means or herbal decoctions. With a small amount of pests, they can be washed off with a stream of water. But damage from pests are often insignificant and does not affect the decorativeness of the bushes.
Sooner or later, spirea bushes grow to such size that they need to be trimmed. How to do it right without loss of decoration?
Flowers in the spring-flowering varieties are located along the entire length of the shoot, which means they only remove frozen tips in winter. Old shoots are removed once in 7-14 years. Such branches are carved at ground level, and 5-6 of them are left for new flowering from grown young shoots. A year or two later, the following outdated shoots are removed. Thus rejuvenates the whole bush. Sanitary pruning bushes can be carried out throughout the season.
Spireas, blooming in summer, are cut in early spring. Pruned shoots are shortened to large buds, small shoots and inconveniently located completely removed. After a strong pruning grow new, strong branches. Aging shoots need to be removed regularly, otherwise the bush will not have the strength to form renewal shoots. Bushes aged 4 and older can be cut annually up to 30 cm from the ground. If such pruning does not rejuvenate the bush and there are no strong shoots on it, then the bush should be divided or replaced. The average lifespan of a spirea bush is 15–20 years.Spirea Gray Grefshaym
It gives good results. Correctly and timely harvested cuttings in 70% of cases rooted without the use of root formers. Cuttings from bushes that bloom in spring are harvested at the beginning of June, letternaceous spireas are grafted at the end of June-July. Lignified cuttings of all Spireas root in the beginning - middle of autumn.
For rooting, take a strong annual escape, it is divided into cuttings with 5-6 buds. The bottom 2-3 leaves are removed along with the cuttings, on the other half of the leaf is cut. A good result is obtained by soaking the cuttings for several hours in a solution of epin (1 ml of epin is dissolved in 2 liters of water). The lower cut of the cutting can be processed root.
The prepared cuttings at an angle of 30-45 degrees are planted in a wet substrate. This may be sand, perlite, vermiculite, nutritive soil. Planted cuttings are very convenient to cover with plastic bottles, which have cut the bottom. In such an improvised greenhouse, a more uniform temperature is maintained (plastic laminated, transparent) and the humidity can be flexibly adjusted.
At first, the plugs can be screwed up and the airtightness can be made; later, removing the stopper, we arrange ventilation. Having placed a shadow over the plantings, cuttings under plastic caps are not necessary to spray several times a day, it is enough to periodically water the soil around the cuttings.
Перед наступлением устойчивых заморозков черенки вместе с бутылками накрывают утеплителем – листьями, ботвой, ветками. Зимой утепляют снегом. In the spring, shelter is removed, and when shoots appear, young bushes can be transferred to a permanent place.
It is better to divide spirea bush in autumn. Carefully dig a shrub to be divided. It is better to shake off the ground from the roots so that you can see better where the bush can be divided. Each split bush should have 2-3 strong shoots and a sufficient lobe of roots. Split bush is planted in a new place, given the depth of planting in the old place. The device drainage, the creation of irrigation wells and watering are required.
Reproduction by layering
In the spring, a strong one-year shoot escapes to the ground (you can cut the bark at the place of contact with the ground) is placed in the prepared hole, pinned to the ground and covered with nutrient mixture. Long shoots can prikopat in several places - you get a few layering. By the fall, roots are formed in the damaged area and the seedling can be separated.
Spirea shelter for the winter
Although the fibrous root system is located close to the surface, low temperatures and elevated temperatures are easily tolerated by most of the spiers. Some types of spiraeus, such as gray, medium, low, three-bladed, dubrovolistnaya not damaged to -50C, on the spirayahs of Bumald, birch, Emilia, densely flowered, white, sharply serrated in such frosts, perhaps, freezing of one-year shoots.
It is possible to secure planted spireas in Central Russia, if the shoots are tied up in one bundle and, bending down to the ground, cover with fallen leaves with a layer of about 15 cm, and cover with cut branches on top, protecting them from blowing leaves and better snow retention. Bushes planted in the fall, in any region for the winter is better to cover. To do this, you can use fallen leaves, tops of vegetable plants, cut branches.
Types and varieties
All variety of spiraeus is divided into two large groups blooming in spring and summer. Spring-blooming spireas create fountains of white flowers and fill the garden with a cloud of white flowers. The leaves of some species of spirea in the autumn paint bushes in various colors from yellow to purple-red.
Spirey blooming season opens gray spirea. This is a voluminous shrub with arcuately drooping branches, densely covered with small white flowers. The most famous and popular variety of sulfur spirea is “Grefsheim”.Spirea Gray Grefshaym
Behind it dismisses its flowers Spirea Thunberg. Her bush grows no higher than 1m. A distinctive feature of the species - the leaves on it remain almost a message of the year.Spirey Thunberg
The flowering of the spirea of Thunberg supports the sharp-toothed spirea. Its white flowers are collected in medium-sized inflorescences, blooming on elegantly curved branches.Sharp-serrated spirea or argut spirea
The next spirea blooms Vangutta. Shrubs up to 2m tall bloom profusely in May and June.Spirey Wangutta
Spirea Nippon blooms in May-July. Her bushes are slightly upright shoots drooping at the top.Spirey Nippon
The most floriferous spirea is schilotine "Plena". It blooms in May and June, in the autumn the bush becomes purple-red.Spirea lybivistnaya
Some more photos of beauties!Japanese Spirea "Little Princesses" Spirey Bumald Gold Flame Spirea billard
Use in gardens and partners
The use of all the sprayer is very diverse. These shrubs quickly form vibrant flowering hedges that easily fill large areas. It is successful to combine spireas in individual plantings, and in combinations with other trees or shrubs, and to create a mix of hedges. Attracting attention, the shape of the bushes spirea and thin shoots create an attractive contrast with the dark-colored neighbors.
Spirey bushes successfully create bright, blooming, hedges. They easily shave. Especially beautiful are the stalked shrubs of a weeping form, covered with boiling white flowers.Spirea hedge
Solitary spireas are good as a background for perennial herbaceous or bulbous plants.
The flowering spireas will fill the voids between the conifers, where they will create bright accents throughout the season.
Low-growing, dwarf varieties of spirea form a unique colored carpet, if they are planted on a sunlit slope. Such low bushes will decorate rockeries, rocky gardens, alpine hills.
Higher hybrids are suitable for framing, on the edge of the lawn, in the foreground of living partitions, in a flower bed with grassy perennials.
The shining white flowers of the spirea make it a good partner for the bulbous flowering bushes in the early spring, perennials.
A good solution for a bright spring flower bed is yellow daffodils and red tulips against the background of short spirea.
White jets of the “fountains” of Vangutta spirea will add elegance and add energy to the plantings of herbaceous perennials that bloom in late spring - bearded irises or peonies.
Spring-blooming spireas are organically combined in bright hedgerows, successfully combined with a set of pretty flowers and red weigels, a Golden Rainbow or red hazelnut will create a suitable background.
If you plant next to Spirea, Kalina ordinary and Chubushnik will turn out "white dream"
In July, when most of the shrubs have faded, letire blossoming spireas begin to bloom. They are planted in the foreground of mixed hedges, against the background of coniferous trees, or individual shrubs.
The bright red flowers of Spurya Bumald will become even brighter if they are planted against the background of a white or yellow Potentilla shrub. Successfully combined with each other spirea and St. John's wort, if they pick up the same height. It is better to combine large groups of these flowers.
David's buddley is good to use as a background.
Having correctly selected varieties and varieties of spirea, its flowering can be enjoyed from spring to mid-summer.
Spirea species classification
For a start it is worth remembering that all spireas are divided by flowering time.
Species such as spirea medium, sharp-toothed, lybivolistna, Vangutta, Thunberg, three-blade bloom in May - early June and belong to the group of spring-flowering spireas.
Another group of spireas is covered with inflorescences in July - August and belongs to the summer blooming. These include the dwarf, birch-leaved, Japanese, willow, white, Douglas and densely flowered.
For both groups, the choice of landing site, ground and landing technology are the same.
Soil and size of planting holes
Spiraea grows best and develop on loose, breathable lands with lots of humus. Of course, the plants will also grow on poor soils, but in this case they will not be able to show their beauty.
Size of landing holes determined as follows:
- If the soil on your site is exactly what a spirea loves, the pits for planting should be 25-30% larger than its root system and 40-50 cm deep.
- If the land at the place for cultivation is not entirely suitable, then it is advisable to dig a hole three times larger than the root system of the seedling. Both in width and in depth.
The mixture, which will fill the pit, make up of sand (river), peat and turf or leaf land. Moreover, the land is taken in two parts, but the sand and peat one by one.
Distance between landing holes depends on the placement of the sprayer and the flowering time:
- When flowering in a hedge, lettuce blooming spirea is planted at a distance of 40-50 cm from each other, when arranged in several rows, the distance between the rows is 30-40 cm. In a group planting, they maintain a distance of 50-70 cm, sometimes up to 1 m.
- Spring blooming spireas are planted more freely. In hedges at a distance of 70 cm - 1 m, in group plantings - 1-1.5 m.
For group planting, the pit is dug at a distance of 50-70 cm.
Before planting on the bottom of the pit, the ground is poured first, and then the seedling is installed, all the roots must be smoothed out and only then everything is gently filled with earthen mixture.
The shrub is planted so that the root neck (the junction of the trunk and roots) is located at ground level.
Before planting, the root system must be inspected, cut off the broken and dried roots.
If you plant a sapling with a lump of earth, then after planting, carry out a good watering.
And if the root system is bare (without land), then it is placed for 12 or 24 hours in a solution of water and a root formation stimulator. It can be heteroauxin, succinic acid, indole acetic acid and other various drugs that can be purchased at any garden or flower center. Treated in this way, the plants are immediately planted in a permanent place of cultivation.
Still need to recall one nuance that should be considered when preparing the pit for planting. Although spireas love moisture, there should be no water (underground or after rain) near their roots, in any case. Therefore, if it is planted in the ground with a large amount of clay, then drainage is poured into the pit (dug 2-3 times more than the root system of the bush). To do this, usually use gravel or gravel. The height of the layer should be 10 -15 centimeters. Then the ground is poured over the drainage, into which a young spirea is being planted.
It is good to mulch the ground around the spirea with peat, sawdust or husk from seeds, nuts or buckwheat. The height of mulch is from 6 to 8 cm. It helps keep the soil moist and loose for a long time, and also reduces the amount of watering.
For full development and lush flowering, it is advisable to feed bushes with fertilizer with nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements (for example, Kemira-Lux). This is done in early spring.
Spireas, flowering in July-August, it is also desirable to conduct another feeding in June.
To save the power of spirea, which go to the formation of seeds, you need to remove the inflorescences after flowering.
Growing spirea from seed
For sowing of seeds, wide and low containers are selected, which are filled with a mixture of peat (top) and leafy ground.
After sowing, the seeds are covered with a thin layer of peat or light earth (1 cm).
The first seedlings appear on the 8-10 day.
To prevent the occurrence of fungal diseases, the ground and the plants that have appeared need to be treated with phytosporin, a solution of potassium permanganate or a foundation.
After 60-90 days, young bushes are transferred to the garden bed (shade or partial shade) and they also pinch the roots. Then be sure to water and cover with a small layer of mulching material.
In the first 3-4 years of life, spireas must be regularly watered and loosened. But it is worth considering that the root system of young spireas is shallow in the ground and can be easily damaged.
Bushes obtained from seeds begin to bloom at 3 or 4 year of cultivation.
Perhaps the most formidable among them is the spider mite, since in one growing season there can appear from 8 to 10 generations of this pest. Whitish paniculate spots appear on the surface of the leaves on which the spider mite has settled. Then the leaves turn yellow in color, dry and fall off.
The number of spider mites increases significantly from July to August (in hot and dry summers).
To combat this pest, areox (a solution of 0.2 percent), metaphos, fosalon, keeltan, and phosphamide are used.
Also a lot of harm is caused by aphids, which feed on sap of leaves, pedicels and tender young shoots. It is especially dangerous from June to mid-August.
This pest can be destroyed by solutions of pyrimor, actellic, kronephos, fosalona. With a small lesion and help folk remedies, such as tincture of tobacco, chilli, onions, garlic, soapy water.
Blue sawfly and whitefly
Fitoverm, decis pro, can be used to combat these pests.
In addition to pests, spiraeus can affect fungal infections, such as gray mold and various blemishes. For the treatment of fungicidal drugs used, such as basezol, phytosporin-m, Ditan m-45, Bordeaux mixture, colloidal sulfur.
The author of the article is Milan, agronomist-grower and landscape designer, work experience 25 years, Russia.
Appearance and biological features
Plants of this genus can grow as small (up to 15 cm) and tall (up to 2.5 m). Shrub branches are erect or creeping. The color ranges from light to dark brown. The roots are shallow, fibrous. During flowering, spirea is covered with numerous small flowers in inflorescences of various forms. The color of the petals - from snow-white to crimson. Spirea inflorescences can be located both throughout the shoot, and on its upper part or at the end of a branch. The plant propagates by seeds, cuttings, dividing the bush, layering.
Spiraea does not need pruning. It is carried out exclusively for decorative purposes, to give the bushes a more aesthetic look. The crown of a plant can be thick and dense or slightly “sparse”, but it always looks attractive. The branches bloom all the way to the ground, so there is no unsightly “bare feet” effect.
The bush is hardy and adapts well to different climatic conditions, so it can be grown not only in the south or in the middle lane, but also in the northern regions. If in severe frosts spiraea freezes, then after pruning it is fully restored and blooms that same year. For the normal development of the plant, a few hours per day of direct sun, top dressing, and good soil are sufficient. For the winter you can not cover him
Spirea blooms on shoots that grow during the same year, so pruning does not spoil its appearance
Spirea varieties of shrubs
All plants of the spiraea genus can be divided into two large groups: spring and letto flowering. Flowering first abundant, but short. Shrubs of the second group do not bloom at the same time, for two months. Flowers have more saturated shades. Low-growing varieties are often used to design alpine slides.
Summer blooming varieties
They buds appear on the ends of young shoots. At the same time last year's branches die. The summer-flowering species is represented by the varieties of Japanese, willow spirea, Bloumald and others. Flowers may have a pink or red color.
To begin, tell about the Japanese spirea. The bushes in it reach 1-1.5 m in height. The leaves are green above and dull gray below, oblong, ovate, in autumn they turn yellow or red. The flowers are pink-red, gathered in the panicle-like inflorescences. The plant blooms up to 45 days. Common varieties include:
- "Shiroban". Distinctive features of the variety are small leaves (2 cm) and white or pink flowers. It blooms in July and August.
- Goldflame. The leaves of the shrub change color depending on the season - from yellow to copper-orange. Blooms red-pink small flowers.
- Crisp. It blooms from July to late summer. The flowers are small, pale pink, gathered in flat umbrellas.
- "Little Princesses". Low-growing (up to 0.6 m), slowly growing variety. The flowers are large - up to 4 cm in diameter, red-pink, gathered in corymbose inflorescences. The plant blooms in mid-summer - in June-July.
- "Golden Princess". This is one of the varieties of "Little Princess". The variety has a higher bush height - up to 1 m, yellow leaves.
Japanese spirea is one of the most common, but by no means the only Letne-flowering species. Deservedly popular also:
- Spirey Boumalda. This is a hybrid look. The plants reach a height of 0.5-0.8 m, have upright shoots and very beautiful leaves - in summer they are green, and in autumn they are yellow, red with a purple tinge. The flowers are pink.
- Among the Spiraeus Bumald, the most common variety is Goldflame. Shrub reaches a height of 0.8 m. If the plant is planted in the sun, then its leaves change color depending on the season - from delicate golden-orange to copper-red. The leaves of bushes planted in the shade do not undergo such changes.
- Spirea willow. The variety has long peaked leaves (up to 10 cm) and white or pink flowers. Inflorescences can reach a length of 20 cm.
- Spirea douglas. The flowering period is July-September. The flowers are dark pink. Bushes grow to 1.5 m tall.
- Spirea billard. It is a hybrid of the ivy-leaved spirea and Douglas. Shrubs high - up to 2 m. Flowers are pink, collected in long inflorescences. It blooms from mid-summer to frost.
Even before the final selection of the site of planting shrubs should be determined by the desired size and type of plant. Varieties vary in size: they can be compact and fit in a small area, and can grow up and sideways. Therefore, for the solitary landing, decoration of hedges and alpine slides choose different types of plants.
Spirea "Little Princess" looks great in combination with other varieties of Spirea, conifers, lavender. This type is suitable for decoration of flowerbeds, rock gardens, space around water bodies.
Spirea Billard is frost-resistant and shade-tolerant, but it is better to plant it in well-lit areas
Spirea Vangutta gives numerous basal shoots and is perfect for a single planting
For hedges should choose varieties that give little root shoots and are amenable to pruning. Alpine slides can be decorated with slowly growing varieties. And for a single planting it is better to choose plants with developed basal shoots that occupy a large area. For rockeries and stony gardens use dwarf varieties. Выбрав несколько сортов, цветущих в разное время, садовод может добиться цветения спиреи с весны до осенних холодов.
Вариант #1 — черенкование
Для него выбирают побеги длиной в 10-15 см без цветов, обрабатывают фунгицидным раствором, после чего они готовы к высадке в грунт. Лучше всего сажать спирею в закрытом помещении. Грунт увлажняют, разбрызгивают воду, чтобы влажность воздуха составляла около 85%, и накрывают черенок пленкой.
The film is pre-prepared - pierce the holes for the flow of air. Place it in 30-40 cm from the planted stem.
Option # 3 - dividing the bush
This manipulation is usually carried out in the fall or spring. If you want to divide the bush in the spring, then you should choose the period before the appearance of the first buds. Spring breeding spirea has both significant advantages and disadvantages.
The advantage is in the quick inclusion of the plant in growth, the disadvantage is an increased risk of infection of the root system due to warm weather. To solve this problem, seedlings are soaked in fungicidal solution.
General rules for planting spirea
Spiraeus should be planted in slightly acidic, and preferably in pH-neutral soils. The soil should be nutrient rich, with normal aeration. It is better to plant spring-blooming spireas in the fall, and letneretsvetruchivye well take root in the spring and autumn. Many gardeners are of the opinion that the best month for planting flowering varieties is September. Excellent neighbors for spirea can be hvoyniki - spruce, juniper, thuja.
Before planting, cuttings of spirea are soaked in fungicide solution for several hours.
Each variety of spirea has its own individual characteristics, but there are common planting rules for all types. If you stick to them, the plant will take root well and will develop normally in the future. Recommendations from experienced gardeners:
- Planting material must be treated with a fungicide.
- Damaged cuttings should be removed.
- Best planted in leafy or soddy soil. If the soil is poor, it is fertilized by adding peat or a mixture of leaf soil with sand.
- It is necessary to equip the drainage layer with a thickness of 15-20 cm. For this, broken brick, leaf soil, peat with sand will be suitable.
- Planted cuttings should be at a depth of about 0.5 m.
- The root neck should be flush with the ground or recessed 1-2 cm.
- Ideal weather for landing - overcast, rainy.
- After planting the plant in the ground it is watered, sprinkled with peat or sawdust.
The spirea pit should be one third larger than the plant root system. It is dug for 2-4 days and allowed to stand. Then they drain the plant, lower the plant into the pit, throw it with earth and compact it. If the spiraeus is propagated by dividing the bush, then the plant is removed from the ground, placed in water to separate the soil, and then cut with shears into pieces, each of which should have good root lobe and a couple of shoots.
It is better to plant the cuttings first in a pot or tray indoors, and only then in open ground.
Such a hybrid plant was born thanks to the interbreeding of white-gray and bee-beech spiraea. The flowers are white and the plant is called gray because of the color of its leaves. The height of the bush does not exceed 180 centimeters. On the drooping branches are greenish-gray lanceolate leafy plates (their wrong side is gray). White flowers are part of corymbose inflorescences, which are placed along the entire length of the branch. Flowering lasts from the second half of May to mid-June. The most popular is the variety - Spirey gray "Grefsheim". The height and diameter of the bush range from 150 to 200 centimeters. Brown-red drooping branches form a spreading crown. Terry snow-white small (diameter up to 1 centimeter) flowers are part of umbellate inflorescences. This meadowsweet is a honey plant, its flowering lasts 1.5 months and starts from the second year of life.
This hybrid plant was made by crossing spirea three-lobed and Cantonese. The bush is rather large, so, its height and diameter is about 200 centimeters. On the hanging branches there are three-lobed, bare, toothed leaf plates, the front side of which is dark green and the wrong side is gray. In autumn, the leaves change their color to orange-red. A large number of hemispherical inflorescences, which include white flowers with a diameter of 6 mm, are placed along the entire length of the branches. Flowering in the second half of June, it happens that re-bloom occurs in August.
Homeland island of Honshu. The height of the bush with a thick spherical crown reaches 200 centimeters. On horizontal branches are leaf plates up to 4.5 centimeters, they remain green until late autumn. Flowering begins in the first days of June and lasts about 3 weeks. Clavoid inflorescences consist of centimeter-diameter greenish-yellow flowers. Interestingly, the buds are colored purple.
This meadowsweet blooms before all spring flowering. The sprawling and very effective bush reaches a height of 150-200 centimeters. During flowering, its drooping branches are completely covered with a huge amount of snow-white fragrant flowers, which seem to flow over them. Flowering begins in the last days of May and lasts about 3 weeks.
Young shoots with felt pubescence look very impressive, as they age they become naked. Bush in height can reach 100-150 centimeters. The seamy side of the oblong ovoid leaves is colored gray, and the front side is green. In autumn, they turn red, yellow or purple. Flowering lasts about 1.5 months. The thyroid-paniculate inflorescences consist of pink-red flowers that grow on the ends of the stems.
Most popular varieties:
Spirea Japanese Little Princesses
Rounded crown in diameter reaches 120 centimeters, and the height of the bush - 60 centimeters. Dark green leaf plates are oval. Pinkish-red flowers with a diameter of 3-4 centimeters are collected in corymbose inflorescences. This slow-growing plant blooms in June and July.
Spirea Japanese Golden Princess
This is a variation of the previous variety. Its difference in meter height of the bush and yellow leaf plates.
Spirea Japanese Shiroban
The height of the bush is from 60 to 80 centimeters, and the diameter of its crown is 120 centimeters. Dvuhsantimetrovye dark green leaves have lanceolate form. Flowering begins in July or August. Color flowers pink or white.
Japanese Spirea Goldflame
Bush in height reaches 80 centimeters. Its orange-yellow leaves gradually become saturated with yellow color, then yellowish-green, and in the autumn time become copper-orange. The little flowers are pinkish red.
Spirea Japanese Crispas
The spherical crown slightly exceeds 50 centimeters, and the height of the bush is 50 centimeters. There are a large number of erect stems. Flat umbellate inflorescences in diameter reach 5.5 centimeters, they consist of small light pink flowers, casting purple. Flowering begins in July and lasts 6-8 weeks.
This hybrid plant is obtained by crossing white-flowered and Japanese spirea. Bush with erect stems in height reaches 50-80 centimeters. In autumn, green leaves change their color to purple, red or yellow. Flowering lasts about 2 months and it begins in July. Flowers can be painted in various shades from dark to light pink. The most popular variety is Spirey Bumald Goldfleim. The height of the bush is 80 centimeters. Young leaf plates have an orange-bronze color, gradually they become golden yellow and then greenish yellow. And in the autumn, they are painted in a reddish-copper color. However, these changes are observed if the bush grows in a sunny area, and in a shady place it has green foliage.
The height of the bush reaches 200 centimeters. Upright stems are colored yellow-brown-reddish color. The length of the pointed leaf plates is about 10 centimeters. The length of the panicle-pyramidal inflorescences is approximately 20 centimeters. They are composed of pink or white flowers.
The height of the bush is about 150 centimeters. On the surface of his straight brownish-red shoots is pubescence. The length of the oblong-lanceolate leaf plates varies from 3 to 10 centimeters. Narrow apical pyramidal paniculate inflorescences consist of dark pink flowers. Flowering begins in July and lasts 6 weeks.
This hybrid plant is derived from a cross between the wolfiber spirea and Douglas. In height the bush reaches 200 centimeters. The length of its broadly lancet leaf plates is 10 centimeters. Narrow panicle-pyramidal inflorescences in length reach 20 centimeters and consist of rich pink flowers. Flowering begins in the second half of July.
How to care for spirea
As mentioned above, the spirea is a rather light-loving plant, however there are also such species that feel great in a shaded place. Also, the plant needs a loose nutrient soil, a good drainage layer, and also in a layer of mulch on the soil surface, the thickness of which should be about 7 centimeters.
Since the system of roots of spirea is not very deep, then it should be watered quite often and moderately. So, in dry time, it is necessary to pour 1.5 buckets of water on every bush 1 every 2 weeks. You also need to regularly loosen the top layer of soil and pull out the weeds. The first time you need to feed the plant after pruning, for this is used a complex mineral fertilizer. In mid-July, it is recommended to feed the shrub with a mullein solution, in which you need to add superphosphate (10 grams of substance per bucket of solution).
Most often on this plant spider mites and aphids settle. You can get rid of aphids by means of pyrimor, and from spider mites - karbofos. As a rule, spireas are highly resistant to diseases, and pests on them are very rarely settled and do not cause them any appreciable harm.
Spirea after flowering
Prepare for wintering such a shrub is very simple. Almost all types of spirea are characterized by good winter hardiness. If you are worried that winter will be too cold and little snow, then cover the root system with dry foliage, and the thickness of the layer should be 10–15 centimeters.