Hungarian pigeons are beautiful flight birds. Among the Russian lovers of pigeons, pigeons of Hungarian high-flying and Hungarian giants are especially popular.
Hungarian pigeons have always been among the most attractive breeds bred by breeding. High-flying individuals have a distinctive feature: the ability to climb to a great height and fly at significant distances. In total there are more than 20 species of high-flying pigeons.
The most popular type is the high-flying Deresh. Derishi possess unique strength and activity. Also among the high-flying mirror pigeons are.
Plant in the compound you need a pair of birds.
Hungarian pigeons in the photo look just great, many breeders grow them to participate in exhibitions and competitions.
Pigeons flying Hungarians are particularly popular, thanks to simplicity, harmony and excellent flight characteristics.
These birds are considered decorative breed. Their plumage has a different color. These are beautiful strong birds of medium size. The breed is distinguished by a strong, dense constitution and well-developed muscles. Birds have an excellent memory and are well oriented in space. Even from a very long distance, they always find their home.
Description and content
Hungarian breeders managed to get an amazing bird. This breed of Hungarian pigeons organically combines a beautiful exterior and excellent flight qualities, which attracts many pigeon lovers.
After climbing the birds are able to stand on the wing for a long time. They fly huge distances at a height not visible from the ground, and are able to stay in the air for 10 hours. In more detail you can see the Hungarian pigeons in the photo above.
High-flying Hungarians attract with their unpretentiousness. They do not require special conditions of detention. The main requirement is that the birds should have a properly constructed room and a balanced diet.
The females are excellent chicks and feed the chicks well, they are even trusted by other short-bred babies. The food and the feeding process of adults do not have strict limitations. For feeding, it is recommended to take mostly light mash, not leading to obesity.
The first representatives of this breed were brought to the territory of modern Hungary for a long time. It is believed that Byzantine traders brought them from Turkey as early as the 13th century. In the USSR, this breed appeared in 1956, thanks to V. Churikov, the famous Russian pigeon breeder. Now this breed is highly valued by Russian amateurs.
Hungarian giants are not for nothing called giants. The live weight of females reaches 1000 g, the mass of males is 1300 g. This is a prolific breed. One pair can grow 10-12 chicks per year.
Hungarian giants monogamous - couples are made up only once. You can use a pair of a maximum of 7-8 years. More details on the Hungarian giants can be in the photo or video.
Appearance of Hungarian giants
- Hungarian giants are large. Their distinguishing feature is a large body. The chest is wide, raised. This species has an almost horizontal posture. On a short thick neck firmly sits a large, rounded head with a broad forehead and a bulging crown. On a nape the magnificent dense forelock is located. The beak of giants is large, slightly bent. In blue and black pigeons, the beak is dark, in birds of a different color, it is usually light pink in color.
- The bird has long wings that fit snugly to the body. In comparison, the legs of the giants are short, with good rounded plumage. The tail is medium in size, narrow. The feather is often monochrome, not fitting tightly to the body. Giants are with black, blue, red, yellow or colorful feathers. Sometimes there are specimens with spotty.
- The large weight of the pigeons affects their content. Since these birds are very heavy, they do not have good flying qualities. Bred them for decorative purposes. If the birds do not meet the standards for some parameters and can not participate in specialized exhibitions, they are rejected. Such pigeons can be used in food.
Hungarian high-flying pigeons need a special diet. They are suitable only natural food of plant origin. Giants refuse classic feed. About stocks need to think in advance. In winter, you should be given carrots rich in vitamins and fiber. Her tinder and give 1 g per bird.
In the grain mixtures add mash from potatoes, cabbage, apples, pears, crackers, minced meat, and grass meal. Wheat bran should also be used. In the period of beriberi it is necessary to additionally provide fortified supplements.
History of origin
This is a relatively young breed, the selection of which was officially engaged only in 1941, but many sources indicate that efforts were made at the beginning of the 20th century.
The homeland of the Hungarian high-flying pigeons is the town of Čapel, where Budapest stork pigeons were used as a breeding material.
Birds are distinguished by the absence of intricate forms, a small head, and also a dense, knocked-down body. The eyes against the background of a small head seem huge, and the triangular beak is relatively small.
- head - oval, the line of the forehead is smooth,
- eyes - convex, iris colored in dark shades,
- beak - thick, light, pointing down,
- neck - medium length, narrowed to the head and extended to the body,
- chest - muscular, slightly raised, slightly arched, of medium width,
- wings - standard form, tight to the body, the ends do not converge,
- tail - narrow, medium size, land does not apply,
- feather color - different, most often shades of brown and gray are found, they may have a snow-white color.
The bird has a strong temperament, as well as an excellent memory, which allows you to memorize the flight route. The pigeon can fly more than 100 km, and then return home. The average time of uninterrupted flight is 8 hours.
Criteria for unprepared pigeons
- Body length more than 45 cm.
- Too long or too short legs.
- Big head.
- Lack of body proportions.
- A noticeable protrusion above the forehead.
- White eye rings.
- Long or too thin beak.
- Iris eyes, painted in different colors.
Pigeons can not be compared with ducks or chickens, as they need more space, as well as a certain distance from the ground. For this reason, the dovecord is equipped in the attic, where the birds have the opportunity to freely get out onto the roof.Device for the release of the Hungarian pigeons
The premises are preliminarily cleaned up all the garbage, they are disinfected, they patch all the cracks. Along the perimeter, a similarity of shelving with cells is established on which pigeons will rest. Drinkers and feeders are located on the floor. If the freedom of birds will be limited, then a spacious cage should be made in which pigeons will not be in danger. The cell is formed from a grid with small cells.
It is also necessary to make windows for bird flights, the size of which does not exceed 20x20 cm. They are positioned so that there is no draft inside the pigeon house.
Pigeons, like other birds, need regular litter replacement, which not only reduces harvest time, but also protects against hypothermia in the winter. The material used is sawdust or dry peat.
Twice a year, general cleaning is carried out, which includes complete disinfection of the room and inventory, as well as whitewashing the ceiling and walls, if they are not covered with wood.
In winter, the temperature in the room should not fall below + 7 ° C, otherwise the bird will develop symptoms of hypothermia. In summer, the temperature should be within +18. 20 ° C. For this, ventilation is necessarily equipped, consisting of a supply and exhaust pipe: one is located at a height of 15 cm from the floor, and the second is displayed below the ceiling. Grilles and latches are installed.
After purchasing the pigeons should create a first aid kit, which includes drugs and tools for emergency care, namely:
- syringes (3 ml),
- veterinary scissors,
- cotton wool and bandage,
- boric acid,
- drops "Levomitsetin",
- potassium permanganate.
What to feed
An excess of nutrients leads to obesity, which is why egg laying is disturbed, the bird cannot fly normally, problems with organs and systems begin. It is important to remember that during the flight the pigeon burns a lot of calories, so you can not do only grain food, which is poor in protein.
High flying hungarian pigeons
Hungarian high-flying pigeons are a fairly well-known breed. She gained popularity due to unpretentious care and ease of breeding. Thanks to its attractive colors and ability to stay high above the ground, high-flying pigeons hold primacy among the breeders of this domesticated bird. Hungarians are often called “derishi”.
Representatives of the Hungarian breed have a variety of colors, the color combination of plumage is replete with diversity. Looking at the photo, you can see that the high-flying Hungarians have a dense constitution: they have strong muscles and a strong body. It is thanks to these qualities that the bird can overcome long distances and be in the sky for a long time.
Derishi have excellent memory and perfectly oriented in space. They can easily find their home, even if they are a few dozen kilometers away.
Hungarian breeders, working on the qualities of the breed, managed to achieve excellent results. In flight, the Hungarians feel great. Overcoming long distances, pigeons can fly high above the ground, imperceptible to the human eye.
Breeders of this breed are proud of their pets, because not many birds can be in the air up to 10 hours in a row. Yes, and soaring up the tree can remain in one place, as if hanging above the ground.
As already mentioned, to keep the birds is quite simple, because they do not require special care. Hungarian hens are distinguished by their strength and desire to raise beautiful offspring. They look after the kids well and take care of them. Sometimes it is precisely to these broods that foreign chicks are attached, knowing that the Hungarian will feed and take care of them as if it were their own.
Like any bird, the Hungarian pigeon prefers grain. Grain can be any, even compound feed. We must not forget that in nature the bird eats the seeds of plants, pecks vegetables and fruits. You can give her peas, beans, lentils, but still legumes must be grind.
Grass and various greens are perfect as a mineral dressing. Do not forget about the favorite delicacy of pigeons: seeds.
In winter, this breed is transferred to a reinforced diet. Pigeons of flight breeds spend more energy in winter, and therefore they need to more often replenish energy costs.
Excellent food is rice, barley, corn - in these plants there is a large amount of sugar and glucose. After a long flight of this food, the pigeon must be introduced into the diet.
If the bird is contained in the enclosures, then you need to monitor its balanced diet, especially during the period of molting and incubation of offspring.
Hungarian Giants Breed
This breed was not bred in Hungary, it was brought to this camp from Turkey around the XIII century. On the territory of the former Soviet Union Giants appeared in the middle of the twentieth century.
All pigeons of this breed differ in massive size and heavy weight. Females and males usually weigh more than 1 kg. The largest males have a mass of up to 1 kg 300 g. Looking at the photo, this breed can not be confused with any other. It is thanks to the large size and having mirror feathers shimmering in the sun, the pigeon is valued by many breeders.
Growing Hungarian giants is easy and even profitable. Every year they give an increase in offspring to 12 chicks.
Pigeon pairs are very faithful, once they come together, the birds remain paired for life. Together they hatch eggs, alternately sitting on the clutch.
External characteristics of giants
The Hungarian giant is a very large breed of pigeons. The body itself is large and almost horizontally located to the surface of the earth. The head is not very large, the neck is short and powerful, it is located vertically.
The color of the feathers is different, from dark, dark blue to reddish. The wings are long and tight to the body.
The bill is short, can be both dark and light tones.
This breed is mainly bred for decorative purposes. Because of their large body mass, giants cannot fly for a long time. This breed is bred only for competitive purposes. Here both the coloring and the mass of the pigeon are important.
Massive hungarian giants
Hungarian breeders managed to adapt to the life in their country another breed of pigeons, which was imported from Turkey in the XIII century and was used to produce dietary meat. Today, pigeons - Hungarian giants are highly valued by specialists from all over the world for their decorative qualities, and culled birds continue to be successfully used for food. Read more about this in the article "Meat Pigeons".
Hungarian giants are distinguished by a massive body, located almost horizontally on the ground, as well as a powerful chest. Adult males reach 1.3 kg, and females rarely weigh less than 1 kg.
On a short and powerful, upright neck, there is a small head with a short beak. Birds are distinguished by a variety of plumage color, which can be dark, dark blue and reddish with a mirror tint. While in the sun, their feathers play with various modulations, giving these large birds a special charm, highly valued by breeders of decorative pigeons.
Because of the large mass of giants, they fly very poorly and a spacious open-air cage for walking and feeding with a place for spending the night sleeping, mating and breeding offspring is perfect for keeping them.
Like pigeons of other Hungarian breeds, giants live all their lives in one pair. They are distinguished by high fecundity, breeding up to 10-12 chicks per year, alternately sitting on the clutch. Unpretentiousness in the content makes their cultivation for meat very profitable.
Birds for special occasions
Despite the fact that in recent years the number of pigeon breeders in our country has greatly decreased, the Russian pigeon breeding is famous for raising the most beautiful birds that meet international standards.
Hungarian high-flying turmans and giant pigeons of various colors are massively bred by domestic specialists, meeting the requirements of a particular breed.
Today it is impossible to imagine any major event without the release of pigeons, which soar up beautifully and spin over the spectators, amazed by the beauty of what they saw. And carcasses of giants are served at the most sophisticated restaurants in the country.
Now there are ample opportunities to choose a bird for the soul and breed pigeons for your own pleasure or to get stable profits.
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The history of the breed
Hungarian high-flying pigeons Turman are a universal breed, possessing both high decorative and excellent flight qualities. Most of the breeds selected have lost their flying qualities with increasing decorativeness, or vice versa, have gained the ability to fly high and far, almost losing their decorative features. But the Hungarians have kept both. For which they have become almost the most popular among breeders around the world and, accordingly, the most expensive.
Breed of Hungarian pigeons - one of the few that included the decorative and flight qualities of birds
Bred birds in Hungary. The date of the first selection can be considered 1941, although the work began to be conducted from the beginning of the twentieth century. In the Hungarian town of Chepel, local breeders took up the construction of hereditary traits of the Budapest stork pigeons known at that time. As a result, high-flying handsome Hungarians appeared.
Budapest stork pigeons, ancestors of the Hungarian
By the way. High fly pigeons are a separate class that includes many species of birds. All of them have high flight characteristics, can fly up to 10 hours without a break and cover distances of hundreds of kilometers. Moreover, first the birds rise to a height inaccessible to the human eye, and then begin a purposeful flight.
High flying is a separate class of pigeons that have excellent flight characteristics.
A feature of this pigeon breed can be considered a small (relative to the body) head, especially in females. The color and pattern of plumage in pigeons of Hungarians is diverse.
Окрас венгерских голубей достаточно разнообразный
- Простая внешность (There are no sharp bends, bumps, sharp features, such as, for example, the original tail of a peacock dove).
- Strong build. The body of the pigeon is “shot down”, dense, proportional (with the exception of a disproportionately small head).
- Refer to short-beaked breeds.
The photo shows a disproportionately small head, and a rather small beak.
Hungarian pigeons are good parents
Since the pigeons are pedigree, there are serious inconsistencies with standards under which the purity of the breed is questioned.
- Size too large (length greater than 45 cm).
- Significant growth.
- Lack of balance in body proportions.
- Big inelegant head.
- The protrusion of the forehead.
- Break forehead and beak.
- White eye rings.
- Long and sophisticated beak.
- shortened neck.
- Eyes with iris of different colors.
- Legs are long, covered with plumage, or too short.
Plumage-covered legs question the purity of the breed.
Important! It should be noted a distinctive feature of representatives of this breed of pigeons - they are very poorly acclimatized in someone else's loft. If you decide to breed Hungarians in addition to the breeds you already have, build them a separate personal housing.
Hungarians need to be kept separate from other breeds of pigeons.
They need a separate room for the maintenance and breeding of individuals of this particular breed - high-flying Hungarian turmans. The best choice for the arrangement of the nursery "Hungarians" is the attic.
The most suitable place to keep Hungarian pigeons is the attic.
- It is highly located, bright, ventilated, spacious, has the required low humidity.
- There are no drafts in it, but there is always clean air.
- From the attic birds easily fly out to the roof.
- In the windows they have a review - it is necessary for such a flight of breed as the Hungarians.
By the way. Modern pigeon nurseries can include different designs and accommodations. It can be a building on a single-sloped roof, a poultry house on a high stand, a storey building on a foundation.
Or alternatively, building on the roof
Step 1. Choosing a location
During construction it is necessary to take into account that it is necessary to locate the room facing south (windows for lighting and exit), the south-east direction is allowed. The sun is very important for flying pigeons. It will protect the birds from diseases, preserve immunity, especially in young pedigree.
Pigeon House Location Example
Step 2. Determining the size of the building
For a pair of Hungarian pigeons, ½ m³ of room volume should be provided for, and it is better if this figure equals a cubic meter. If necessary, a large nursery for numerous individuals, it should be divided into sections, each containing no more than 15 bird pairs. It is necessary to provide a device in the offices of temporary fences in order to be able to place separate males and females in the winter and separate the grown young from their parents.
It is necessary to make partitions so that there is an opportunity to remove the birds.
Council It is also better to locate premises for storage of inventory, feed and litter near the pigeon house, which is why the construction of a two-story building is ideal. The second floor - the birds, the first - the means to care for them.
Step 3. Material selection
Construction or re-equipment of the premises under the pigeon can be made from a metal base, brick or wood materials. For brick construction, plastering of all main walls as well as the ceiling is mandatory. The construction of the metal inside sheathe board. Wood, after processing against dampness, mold, wood bugs, also plaster or sheathe plywood.
Examples of brick and wooden pigeon
Important! In winter, the temperature in the dovecote for Hungarian pigeons should not fall below + 7 ° C, and in summer it is necessary to maintain the temperature no more than + 20 ° C. If the winters are cold, to avoid heating, it is better to choose the option of construction with double walls and a layer of insulation between them.
Floors are covered with a tight fit of planed boards.
The floor in the dovecote can be made of wood (plank)
The roof is double or single. The second option will require a slope of 20 degrees.
Step 4. Specifications
The area of the windows in the loft is quite significant, it is 1/10 of the total floor area. They are taken by gratings and are not located opposite each other, so that a draft does not form when opened. The windows for bird flights are 20x20 cm in size and are located one and a half meters from the floor.
The windows in the dovecote are also of significant importance.
By the way. Plus to the natural, in the dovecote, artificial lighting is necessary. It is an opportunity to always check the condition of the birds, as well as to regulate the daylight if necessary.
Doors should be made strong and with solid external constipation - pedigree pigeons are of sufficient value. The minimum height and width of 150x55 cm in the opening. The best option - double doors. Outer - solid, consists of a sheet of metal, sheathed board. The second is a net-tightened frame or grill. In summer, the exterior can be opened and left so for better ventilation. The influx of fresh air will protect the dovecote from moisture, which is very bad for the health of birds.
The photo shows an open external door, and the frame is covered with mesh inside.
Important! Ventilation inlet and exhaust in any room for pedigree pigeons must be present. They are made: the first is 15 cm from the floor, the second - from the ceiling. Close the grill. For cold equip deaf doors with valves.
Important in the dovecote and ventilation
Step 6. Perches
Each of the birds must have a personal sitting place, as well as a base for creating a nest during the mating season.
Hungarians will need perches, which are with square bars from 2 to 4 cm. The distance from the perch to the ceiling for medium-sized Hungarian pigeons is 40 cm. You can also attach shelves with narrow sides along the walls.
The compartment for the “spouses” will be equipped with shelves 80x40 cm long and 80 cm. At first, steam crates will be installed on them, and then nests. It is convenient to combine these designs, and after pairing, convert the crates into the nests.
Steaming boxes for pigeons
Council It is recommended that all perches, shelves and other internal structures of the pigeon house be made collapsible and removable so that during disinfection they can be easily removed and cleaned.
Step 7. Nests
Sooner or later they will be needed, so you should take care of their preparation before the start of mass breeding of Hungarian pigeons. It is good to use quadrangular and round constructions as a nest for these breeds. Rectangular - drawers with sides of 20-25 cm. Boards' height is 7 cm. The base for the nests should not be cramped or spacious, it settles itself exactly to the size of the birds so that they can stay comfortably for hatching. Bottom material - plywood, bead - slatted.
Rectangular nest for pigeons
Breeders have adapted to pour out the round bases for the nest with success from plaster. They represent bowls with sides of 7 cm and a diameter of 25 cm. The outer side of the bottom, which stands on the shelf, is made flat and the inner side is slightly concave. It is possible to turn out preparations for nests in a form plaster from a natural dry tree.
Round nest from plaster
Hatching eggs and ovoscopy
Step 8. Feeders
A very important detail of the content. If, in most cases, car feeders are put up for meat pigeons for high-quality fattening, they are not suitable for Hungarian high-flying pigeons. Birds do not have a strong constitution, and with an excess of food in combination with the restriction of "flight hours", for example, in winter, can quickly fatten.
Separate feeders will be needed for grain, green stuff, and minerals. Cereals are best built from narrow boxes, divided into sectors by the number of birds. The boards are provided at such a height that the feed does not crumble, but it is convenient for the bird to keep its head - 3-4 cm. Mineral feed (small fractional pebbles) is poured into temporary or permanently smaller troughs than grain ones.
Feeder for pigeons (not automatic)
Step 9. Drinkers
Their designs may be different, but for short-billed Hungarian pigeons, Hungarian-made vacuum drinkers or auto-drinkers are the most convenient. If you want to make a drinking bowl with your own hands, use the simplest option. In the can of 850 ml volume are made slots so that the pigeon could stick his head there. Be sure to carefully bend and grind off the edge. In a can of 400 ml canned food, water is poured, covered with an inverted can of larger volume with slots on top.
Important! In addition to drinking water, flying breeds necessarily need bathing water. Hungarians can swim in pigeons in cuvettes with sides of 6-7 cm of suitable size.
Capacity for swimming pigeons
Inventory and care products
The pigeon house will need many different devices for bird care.
- Inventory: shovel, brooms, rakes, buckets, shovels and scrapers, small rakes with frequent teeth.
For pigeon care, you need a different inventory.
Mortar for grain feed
As a flooring on the floor, it is important to use moisture-absorbing material, which will help to combat dampness. Also in the winter, it should protect feathery paws from cooling. Even if the floor in the loft is wooden, it is recommended to use litter to make disinfection and cleaning easier.
Of the materials most suitable:
- sawdust coarse fraction
By the way. During the nesting period, birds will need soft straw or hay and thin woody branches for arranging places for hatching.
Hungarians pigeons, like all not "yard", and breeding breeds, do not have good health. Equipping the dovecote, make sure that it has a complete first-aid kit, which includes all the tools, materials and preparations that you may need urgently.
Cleaning and disinfection
Healthy birds can remain only if they are properly cared for, which includes regular cleaning and mandatory periodic disinfection of pigeon house premises.
Ideal nursery - clean, dry, ventilated, well lit. Clean the dovecote daily. Feeders, drinkers are also washed daily. Twice or at least once a week, a more thorough cleaning is carried out with the replacement of part of the litter and surface sanitization. And at least twice a year should be general cleaning with full disinfection and temporary eviction of birds. Plastered walls and ceiling are whitened with lime.
Clean, dry and well-lit room - the guarantee of health of your pigeons
Feeders with drinkers, bath cuvettes and nesting tanks twice a month, pour boiling water, wash with soda, rinse and dry.
Council During each change of the litter, including in the nests, pour a little wood ash, tobacco under it, and put a few branches of dry bitter wormwood. This will help scare away insects and parasites that bother pigeons.
Dry branches of wormwood will help scare away insects and parasites
Features feeding Hungarian pigeons
Not only health, reproduction, height, exterior qualities, but also the speed / range of the flight depends on nutrition. The diet of flying pigeons is very different from the rules of feeding sedentary ornamental and especially meat breeds. The closest in feeding style are high-flying Hungarian pigeons to sports breeds.
Proper diet is very important for birds of this breed.
If they are undernourished, or give food unbalanced for the required substances, the ability to fly will not be able to maximize. If the birds are overfeeding, they will become fat, their mobility will decrease, as well as the ability to reproduce successfully.