Ash is a close relative of the evergreen olive, which gave the name to the family, which includes "golden" forsythia, fragrant jasmine, lilac and several other glorious plants. Since ancient times ash has been affectionately called clear, light. Ashen groves are always saturated with the sun, because the sun's rays penetrate perfectly through their open leaves to give the tree more light and heat. It is designed for every leaf that comes into motion from the slightest breeze ...
What place on the site is best suited for ash?
This green-wise handsome handsome light-requiring and demanding on the quality of the soil. On sandy, heavily depleted or saline soils will not grow well. It also does not tolerate excessive moisture, so it is better to plant it in high places with deep groundwater. But ash is not terrible gas pollution, from which other trees often get sick. Able to withstand low temperatures (up to -40).
How to plant seedlings
The hole is made one third larger in diameter than the land clod on the roots of the seedling. As drainage use gravel, pebble or expanded clay, which is lined with the bottom. The thickness of the drainage layer is about a quarter of the depth of the hole. Before planting the seedling well moisten the hole and strengthen the pegs, where it will be tied up.
Remember! A young tree is placed and strengthened strictly vertically! Even slightly deviating to the side, the ash can die.
The soil includes a mixture of leaf earth, humus and river sand in proportions of 1: 2: 1.
Notice that the roots of the seedling are at 10–15 cm above the nutrient mixture, so that the root collar does not penetrate when the soil settles. Having filled up the hole, lightly tamp the soil, and also a multiline circle mulch the sawdust or peat to protect the seedling from drying out of the soil, overcooling or overheating of the root system. When planting several seedlings, leave at least 5 meters of free space between them (if the trees grow tall) and at least 3–3.5 meters for decorative, dwarf varieties.
Growing from seed
In the case when climatic conditions allow, at the end of summer you can plant freshly ripened seeds or use seed collected last year. Sowing of seeds is carried out in furrows (consumption: 8 g per 1 meter) at a depth of 3–5 cm. In the case when a large area is planted, consumption is 240 kg per 1 ha. Shoots appear in mid-May. Caring for them includes the systematic removal of weeds, watering and loosening the soil at least 4–6 times during the summer.
Remember! It is recommended to cover the crops with winter covering material or mulch to prevent them from freezing.
From 1 hectare receive up to 800 thousand strong seedlings, which, when they reach the age of two, either go for sale or are transplanted to a permanent place. As mentioned above, growing from seed – a very time-consuming and time-consuming process that makes sense and pays back costs only when sowing large areas.
How to water
Watering should be abundant, but not excessive. Properly made drainage must eliminate the possibility of stagnant moisture. During dry periods, water is watered more often, but at the same time remember that it is impossible to water during the midday heat hours and with strong winds. At a depth of 2 meters, the tree is able to independently gain access to the groundwater, therefore it is watered only in case of severe drought.
How to feed
Health, beauty and disease resistance are directly dependent on the nutritional value of the soil. Considering that the nutrient soil used in planting the seedling will be exhausted in a year or two, later ash must be fed twice a year. – spring and autumn. After the winter, fertilizers abound with nitrogen (2 kg of rotted manure + 15 g of urea, + 25 g of calcium and ammonium nitrate to be diluted in 20 liters of water), and before winter, the ash is fed with a nitro amorphous (20 g per 20 l). Excessive fertilizer is also not worth it. Their quantity depends on the quality of the soil.
On a note. Ash is known in medicine as a means of stopping blood, increasing tone, relieving cramps, relieving fever, healing wounds, as well as helping with rheumatism, coughing and worms.
How to produce pruned ash?
Pruning is carried out in early spring before the flowering period. Get rid of the dried, frozen out and having signs of disease branches. This procedure contributes to the formation of the required tree crown. The first pruned shoots are below, making sure that the stem was clean at least 3 m from the ground. Ash from the base of the trunk actively drives watery shoots, which, like thin, can not withstand the weight of foliage, immediately cut off.
Remember! Pruning is useful, but the tree does not tolerate it very well, so they do not perform this procedure unnecessarily and do not touch healthy, undamaged branches.
Planting ash and caring for him does not require any special skills, but, nevertheless, he will have to pay some attention.
Common ash belongs to the Olive family. This tree, which has a height of up to 30 m, a trunk diameter of up to 1 m. The crown is highly raised, openwork, the bark is painted gray and covered with numerous “cracks”. Ash leaves are colored bright green, lanceolate or oblong-ovate.
Average life expectancy - about 300 years however, few trees live to this age due to diseases and pests.
The fruit of the ash tree is a "lion" with the seed inside. In nature, a tree propagates both by seed and layering.
The widespread use of ash for landscaping cities and parks due to its unpretentiousness and features of the structure of wood. Ash wood is resistant to cracking, flexible, has high strength, therefore, in case of strong storm winds and heavy snowfall, tree branches will withstand the onslaught of bad weather.
Thus, the tree ash according to the description and characteristics is suitable for the role of the main emphasis in the garden. It can be used as a dividing element of the site, or as a “living fence” to protect against noise and dust, if it is planted near the carriageway.
What loves ash, where it is best to plant a tree
Having learned about how the ash-tree looks, we proceed to the choice of a place for landing.
Wood is resistant not only to strong gusts of wind, but also to smoke or gas. Therefore, a planted plant near the roadway will not hurt or grow poorly. Ash is very popular in the temperate zone, because can withstand temperatures down to -40 ° C. To make ash feel comfortable, it needs to be planted in a sunny place. He is demanding not only to the light, but also to the fertility of the soil. The tree will not grow on sandy or other marginal soil.
Ash does not tolerate stagnant moisture in the soil or excessive salinity, therefore, for planting, it is necessary to choose weakly acid soils on elevations or places where the ground water is low.
Planting ashNow let's talk about how to plant ash. The tree reproduces both generatively and vegetatively. The only difference is that it is much easier to buy an ash tree sapling than to find good germinating seeds.
Features of growing ash from seeds
Last year’s seeds are used for sowing in summer; however, freshly harvested seeds can be planted at the end of August, if the climate allows.
Seeds are sown in the furrows, deepening the planting material by 3-5 cm in the ground. On average, about 8 g of seeds are taken per 1 meter of furrow. If you carry out a large-scale planting, then for sowing 1 hectare at least 240 kg of planting material is used.
The first shoots appear in May. Crops require care, which consists in weeding from weeds, regular watering and minimal loosening of the soil (4-6 times per summer).Growing ash from seeds requires a lot of time and resources, which is justified only in the case of "large-scale" plantings. If you go to plant 1-2 trees, then it is better to buy a seedling in a nursery or on the market.
The technology of planting ash seedlings
It is much easier to grow an ash tree from a seedling than to plant a seed. To begin, prepare the hole, which should be 1/3 larger than the earthen ball on the rhizome. At the bottom of the pit should be laid drainage (pebbles, expanded clay or fine gravel), which should be 25% of the total height of the pit.
After preparation of the hole, it must be filled with a nutrient mixture, which consists of leafy soil, humus and river sand in the ratio of 1: 2: 1.
Important point: during planting, the rhizome should be 10-15 cm above the ground so that after the soil settles, the root collar does not penetrate the ground.
Before planting, moisten the pit well with water, put supports to which the seedling will be attached.We recommend to mix the tree trunk with peat or sawdust in order to preserve moisture in the soil and to protect the sapling from sudden overcooling or overheating of the root system.
When planting several ash seedlings, keep a safe distance that is equal to 5 m for tall trees and 3-3.5 m for dwarf trees.
Ash requires abundant watering, but the amount of moisture you apply to the soil must match the drainage properties of the substrate. That is, if the earth cannot absorb more moisture, then it is not necessary to flood the tree “according to the instructions”.
Ash should be poured only during a severe drought. However, it is worth remembering that Plants can not be watered in a strong wind or in the sun.
Options for feeding for ash, how to fertilize the plant
Gardeners are reasonably interested in the question of how to care for ash, so that the tree does not hurt and is not affected by "typical" pests.Like a man, a tree has its own immunity, and so that it is strong, The plant needs a variety of fertilizer and fertilizer. Since the nutrient soil mixture that you planted when planting a sapling, is enough for a maximum of 2 years, in the future, the ash must be fed in spring and autumn.
In the spring, 2 kg of manure, 15 g of urea and 25 g of calcium and ammonium nitrate and 20 liters of water are added. That is, we fertilize the tree with nitrogen-containing feedings.
In the autumn, the tree is poured with nitroammophoska (20 g per 20 l of water).
It is worth remembering that, depending on the fertility of the soil, the amount of fertilizer may be more or less. So listen to our advice and use your knowledge.
What is important to know when pruning ashPruning ash is carried out in the spring, before flowering. Removed dry, frozen and diseased branches. Also, pruning helps to form the crown of the desired shape.
You should start by removing the lower shoots. Shtamb cleared to a height of 3 m.
Then all thin and fragile shoots are removed, which in the future will not be able to withstand the weight of the leaves. It is worth remembering that the tree is prone to growing watery shoots on the lower part of the trunk, which must be immediately removed.
Diseases and pests of ash
Diseases in ash are caused both by improper watering and lack of fertilizing, as well as by strong temperature drops, contamination of the site with rotten remains and insect vectors.
Cytophomic cancer. Fungal disease that affects the bark and sapwood wood. Disease occurs in ash trees aged 10 years or more. The tree suffers from a temperature imbalance, does not tolerate strong heat or frost. With strong cancer lesions, the tree dries out.
Measures to combat the disease: sanitary cutting of diseased trees, enhanced watering of plants.Infectious necrosis. Fungal disease, which is characterized by band stripes, the death of the bark and cambium.
Control measures: spring spraying of trees with a 3% solution of ferrous sulfate, spraying during the growing season with a 1% solution of Bordeaux mixture, sanitary and health measures and feeding of trees.
White finely fissured butt rot. A terrible fungal disease of ash, which affects the central part of the trunk and in some cases the roots. The fungus infects old trees that have gaps or cracks in the bark. At the final stage, ash wood simply falls apart and the tree dries. Identify this disease is almost impossible, because for this you need to cut down a tree.
Control measures: sanitary cuttings, smearing cracks in bark and wood with clay or special protective mixtures.
All parasites that harm ash-tree settle in the bark, bast or wood, so it is very difficult to identify them immediately.
A bright ash tree beetle. Dangerous pest of ash trunks and branches. Lube-eater is similar in appearance to the May beetle, grows up to 3 mm, and is colored brown. The beetle appears in late April - early May. It affects the weakened trees or fresh logging. Females lay larvae in the sapwood, which already in June turn into adult individuals. If a tree is severely affected by a bug, then it threatens with inevitable "death." Luboed is so dangerous that it can destroy a large ash planting in a season, turning young trees into eaten dead wood.
Control measures: insecticide treatment during the beginning of the beetle’s flight (Ampligo 150, Enzio 247, Karate Zeon 050), attracting birds that feed on beetles (installing feeders), laying out trapping trees in February-March.
Ash-tree emerald narrow goldfish. A beetle insect that is widespread in nature in China, Korea and Japan. Zlatka is painted in marsh green color, has a length of about 1 cm. Females lay eggs on the surface of the bark, after which the larvae penetrate into the bast. You can notice the activity of the larvae after removing the bark: on the surface of the wood, small passages will be visible, along which the larvae move under the bark. Beetles, unlike the larvae, feed not on the bast of the ash tree, but on its leaves, causing serious damage to the tree.
Symptoms of infection: sparse bark, painful tree, premature yellowing of leaves.
Control measures: Swabs moistened with hexachlorane suspension (100 g per 1 l of water) are injected into fresh larvae passages, after which the holes are covered with clay or cement, spraying the plantings with 3% chlorophos solution in late May - early June.So that the trees do not hurt and are not affected by pests, try to conduct more frequent inspections, cover up the gaps in the bark and bast, and carry out sanitary cutting of sick and dry trees in the garden. Remember that many diseases and pests appear in dirty gardens, where the harvest of plant residues has not been carried out for years. Do not give parasites and diseases an extra chance, and your plants will always look healthy.
A weakly acid neutral soil (pH 6.5 - 7.5) is preferred. The mixture is prepared from sand, compost and sod in a ratio of 2: 1: 1. In overmoistened soils, drainage from fine gravel with a thickness of 10-20 cm is obligatory.
In the spring, they are fed with nitrogen and organic fertilizers (for example, ammonium nitrate - 25 g, cow dung - 1 kg, urea - 15 g per bucket of water), in early autumn - complex (for example, with a nitro amorphous plant at the rate of 15-20 g per bucket of water ).
Liberally watered the plant during planting, as well as the next few days after. Drought is not afraid, but if the weather is very dry, watering is necessary, especially the young. Water consumption - 1 bucket per square meter of crown projection
The minimum tillage is weeding and loosening to a depth of 25 cm.
Read in the heading
The plant is a parasite of the family broomrape, belongs to the genus of chlorophyll-free perennial or annual herbaceous. The family has more than 150 species, and the most common is 40. This diversity is explained by a wide range of plants that become hosts for broomrape. The most dangerous are those species that affect sunflower, fodder, vegetable and melon crops.
Eustoma (lat. Eustoma) or lisianthus (lat. Lisianthus), gentian family. Biennial herbaceous flowering plant with flowers of various shades, strongly branching. It is grown up both in an open ground, and in house conditions.
A small evergreen tree, ruta family. In temperate latitudes, it can be cultivated only in greenhouses, greenhouses and insulated balconies. On the open ground can reach a height of 3-5 meters.
Also known under the names of fig, fig tree, fig tree, vine berry. Deciduous tropical plant of the genus Ficus. One of the most ancient cultivated plants. Gives sweet and high-calorie fruits.
Tall tree with large leaves and tasty, nutritious and healthy fruits. For medical purposes, not only kernels of ripe nuts, but also the shells of green and ripe fruits, partitions and even leaves are collected.
It belongs to the Derbennikov family, a genus of shrub and medium-sized trees. The natural habitat of the pomegranate is tropics and subtropics, but it is successfully cultivated in the Crimea, Asia, and Transcaucasia.
Shrub up to 3.5 meters high with bark of gray color, drooping thin branches and prickles. It has small fruits with a diameter of up to 1.5 centimeters, which is not recommended to be eaten raw.
Tropical and subtropical evergreen tree with fleshy orange fruits with a characteristic astringent taste. Persimmon is grown mainly in warm regions or indoors.
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Ash ... they are so different
Ash - a heat-loving deciduous tree, at least - a shrub. It lives mainly in the Caucasus and in Ukraine, and in Russia it grows only in the southern and central regions of the country. It has more than 50 varieties, among which there are also low “cozy” trees, and luxurious 40-meter beauties. For example, the highly decorative ash of griffith, which is used in the art of bonsai, is no higher than 1.5 m. White ash grows already up to 12 m, and the most well-known representative of the genus, ash, can grow up to 30 m under favorable conditions.
Ash light-requiring and openwork due to arcuate branches, elongated sprawling crown and transparent foliage, where the leaves are located at a short distance from each other. It grows quickly, and blooms in April-May before foliage appears.
Its flowers are collected in inflorescences-panicles, white, burgundy or purple (less often - other shades). On the same tree, male and female flowers peacefully coexist. But what is surprising: male and female flowers from a single tree are not capable of pollination - when female is ready to take pollen, male flowers have not yet matured. In addition, ash flowers lack corollas, and they are unattractive to buzzing pollinating workers. Therefore, always plant several ash trees side by side for cross-pollination. The only exception is manna ash - it is well pollinated by insects, since its flowers have a corolla.
The root system of ash depends on the growing conditions. Usually it does not have a taproot and lies close to the surface. But if ash is deficient in moisture, then it develops a taproot with a mass of horizontal processes that reaches the groundwater level. Therefore, if the groundwater under the ash grows up to 1.5 m, he is not threatened with death from drought. And some ash giants reach the water through the depth of 3 meters or more.
Ash - an aesthetic element of landscape gardening ensembles - is widely used in landscape design. After all, it is very decorative, and the variety of its forms is impressive! Depending on the variety, ash can be:
- Monumental, with a luxurious pyramidal crown.
- Weeping, with long, fluffy branches hanging down to the ground.
- Horizontal, with wide-spreading branches, some of which, like the weeping form of ash, fall to the ground.
- Low spherical and other.
Our great-grandfathers believed that ash-trees could lighten the world around them, therefore they were often planted near the house in order to avoid family quarrels and to feel the unity of the family. Let's and we will plant this light tree in the country?
On fertile soil, your seedlings will quickly grow and in a year they will add 30-40 cm in height. And care for them is not particularly problematic.
- Fast-growing young branches can be cut from time to time, forming the crown of the tree and giving it the desired shape. Trimming done in the spring before flowering tree. But do not get carried away! - Ash does not tolerate pruning, but it is necessary to free it from dry and broken branches.
- Fertilize your pet in the spring with nitrogen-containing fertilizers: manure - 2 kg, urea - 15 grams, calcium and ammonium nitrate - 25 grams per 20 liters of water. In autumn - nitroammofoskoy (20 grams per 20 liters of water) or Chemira station wagon in the same proportion.
- Mulch for the winter you need only young plants in the first 2-3 years after planting. And adults who have gained the power of ash in mulching for the winter do not need (unless winter is predicted to be very cold). Some species of adult ash can withstand temperatures down to -40 C.
- Watering ash is required during dry periods and after planting (4-5 days in a row). It tolerates a short drought well.
Diseases of ash
If an ash spike (insect pest) or bark beetle (bark beetle) has attacked your green pets, spray the trees with insecticides: kinmiks, varbofos or karbofos 2-3 times. Usually this is sufficient for the destruction of pests. And if you see signs of rotting trunks and branches, immediately cut out the damaged areas with a sharp knife and sprinkle the wounds with activated charcoal. And be sure to find out the cause of the disease. Maybe you are very pereuvlaznili land? Or added too much fertilizer?
White ash is often called floral, because at the time of flowering it is covered with a fragrant cover of white inflorescences. It does not grow above 12 m, it has a rounded crown, and is notable for its love of light and excellent drought tolerance. Not frost-resistant and suitable for planting only in the southern regions of Russia.
Ash has many forms, each of which is decorative in its own way. Its height reaches 30 m. It grows quickly, light-requiring, frost-resistant. Grown in the European part of Russia. It is more demanding on soil than other types of ash. The long-liver, on one place can grow about 300 years.
Fluffy ash is the most frost-resistant type of ash, up to 20 m high, with a sprawling openwork crown. His shoots have a kind of "felt" pubescence, for which they received the name - fluffy. It tolerates temporary flooding and slight salinization of the soil.
Here they are - ash, each in its own original and beautiful. About him since ancient times, composed poems, legends, the image of ash is found in the mythology of different countries.
American Ash - Fraxinus americana.
East North America. In deciduous forests on deep, rich, moist, well-drained soils at water courses and on the slopes of hills and mountains, up to 1050 m above sea level. seas.
Powerful dioecious tree, up to 35 m tall, with a broadly ovate crown, bare young shoots and light brown buds. Leaves complex, pinnate, of 7 (5-9) leaflets, ovate, entire or toothed, bare, dark green above, gray-blue below, up to 12 cm long. It grows quickly, is relatively drought-resistant and more frost-resistant than ordinary ash, is not damaged by spring frosts, since the buds bloom 8-10 days later than other ash trees. It tolerates the conditions of the city, durable. Propagated by sowing stratified seeds. Due to its rapid growth, beautiful openwork crown and durability, it is a valuable plant for alleys, group and composition plantings. In culture since 1874.
Ash lanceolate, or green — Fraxinus lanceolata.
In nature, it is found in eastern North America, from where it was introduced into culture in the 18th century and spread widely. In deciduous forests (sometimes forms pure stands), along the banks of watercourses, on wet elevations.
Very decorative slender trunk, compact crown and shiny, dark green leaves, pale green below. Reaches 15 m height. Differs in rather rapid growth, high drought resistance. Less demanding on soil than other species, more stable in urban environments. Frost resistant Successfully growing in Moscow and St. Petersburg.
Ash Ash - Fraxinus rhynchophylla.
Tree up to 12 m tall, stem diameter 25-30 cm. Far East, East Asia. Available in a number of Far Eastern reserves. It grows in cedar-broadleaf and broadleaf forests. Heliophilous mesoxerophyte.
© KimCarpenter NJ
First of all, it is necessary to dig a hole, which in size should be 1/3 larger than the size of an earthen clod on the roots of a seedling. The bottom of the hole must be filled with drainage, which can be used as crushed stone, small pebbles or coarse sand. Take drainage in quantity so that it filled 1/4 of the height of the fossa. After planting, the seedling should be located 10-15 cm above the soil level. When the young tree begins to grow, the ground will gradually settle, and as a result, the root neck of the ash will equal the level of the soil.
Before planting a young tree, the hole must be moistened. Also, it is necessary to dig in support along the perimeter of the pit, which is necessary to ensure the vertical position of the seedling and its attachment to it. After completing these steps, you can fill the well with a prepared soil mixture. In conclusion, it is necessary to slightly seal it.
It is recommended to use as a landing substrate. a mixture of the following components:
These substances take in the ratio - 1: 2: 1.
When all operations for planting an ash tree are completed, the near-stem circle must be covered with mulch: it may be peat, sawdust or wood chips. Large plants are recommended to be placed no closer than 5 m from each other. If among the planting material you have saplings of undersized varieties, they should be placed in such a way that adult specimens do not create a shadow for each other.
After a while you will have planting material in the form of shoots. In the process of development, the tree forms the anchor root system, which lies horizontally in the supine position. Over time, the main roots acquire vertical processes, which are the basis for the formation of young shoots. Therefore, having once planted an ash in the country, you will always have your planting material.
Our ancestors were well acquainted with such a plant as an ash, because it was him who they often planted next to their home. If you want to enjoy the view of this tree, for example, in your summer cottage, then for this you only need to get the seeds or seedlings of the tree. However, keep in mind that to ensure a high survival rate of ash seedlings can only be provided if they are planted in a well-lit area where there is fertile soil. You also need to ensure that the plants were placed at an optimal distance from each other. Otherwise, due to the lack of lighting, some plants will not be able to form a fairly lush crown.
Angustifolia Raywood’T (syn. “Flame”) (y. Narrow-leaved)
This elegant tree with a rounded crown is the best among narrow-leaved ash trees. It comes from the 3. Mediterranean and S. Africa and shows some winter hardiness. The leaves are narrow, pointed, shiny, dark green, in the autumn become reddish-purple. Wintering buds are large, velvety, brown. The height and diameter of the plant is 8x5 m (20 years). Maximum height -21 m.Leaves narrow, pointed
F. excelsior (ya ordinary)
This fast-growing plant, characteristic of the domestic natural flora, has far-reaching surface roots in breadth, so it should not be planted next to walls, walkways and buildings, or allowed to hang over its branches above flower beds. The flowers are tiny, with cream stamens, appear in the middle of spring. The leaves are dark green in autumn quickly turn yellow. Wintering buds are black. The height and diameter of the plant is 9x6 m (20 years). Maximum height - 38 m.
Golden yellow twigs in winter and yellow leaves in spring and autumn.Golden yellow twigs
"Westhof s Glorie"
Young saplings grow very intensively, but soon the growth slows down, and in the adult state the tree is smaller than the original form.Young seedlings grow very intensively
F. ornus (I. decorated)
This tree with a rounded crown is grown mainly for thick panicles of fluffy fragrant creamy-white flowers, which are formed in early summer. It comes from South Europe and 3. Asia. Winter hardiness in the middle lane leaves much to be desired. The height and diameter of the plant is 8x6 m (20 years). Maximum height - 18 m.Tree with a rounded crown
Pests and diseases
Ash-buds can cause a delay in leaf formation until mid-summer. Ashen crayfish and true garlic cause ugly leaves and eventually lead to the death of trees. In recent years, goldfish has spread in Russia, during the attack of which trees can die.
This fungus affects the bark and the sapwood layer of adult ash wood, which is more than 10 years old. The affected areas significantly impede the maintenance of a normal temperature balance, and ash cannot cope with heat or cold, which leads to death. To combat cancer, it is recommended to carry out sanitary cutting (on large areas) and abundant watering.
Fungus, manifested in a kind of ribbon stripes, when the bark and cambium are affected. For the purpose of prophylaxis, trees are treated with a 3% solution of ferrous sulfate in the beginning of spring, and with a 1% solution of Bordeaux liquid during the growing season. It is also recommended to feed trees and remove dried and diseased branches.
Remember! Infection can infect neighboring trees if appropriate measures are not taken!
White finely fissured butt rot
Very dangerous fungus that destroys the core of the trunk and is able to go to the roots. Usually, the disease attacks adult trees that have any significant damage to the bark. In the end, the tree simply dries up, and it is not possible to recognize the disease, since for this the trunk would have had to be cut.
In addition to cutting down trees already sick, an affordable way to counteract the ailment is the use of various putties and mixtures applied to damaged areas.
On a note! In the 18th century, the British preserved unripe ash fruits, using them as seasoning with vegetables and meat dishes.
Speaking of insects that infect ash, they note that it is very difficult for a gardener to find them, as they hide in bark, bast or penetrate deep into the wood.
Motley ash tree beetle
This beetle, which has a brown color and looks like a May one, appears in spring (April-May) and, growing to 3 mm, seriously damages the trunk and branches of the ash tree. Particularly susceptible to his attacks are weak trees or fresh fellings. The female leaves the larvae in the sapwood, and already at the beginning of the summer they become adult beetles, capable of killing not only one tree, but even a significant ash planting in one summer season.
They fight the beetle with the help of trapping trees (February-March), using insecticides (Ampligo 150, Karate Zeon 050, Angio 247), which sprinkle the trees when the insects begin years, and also birds come to help, especially if they are done for them in the ash trees special feeders.
Ash Emerald Narrow Goldfish
It is found mainly in Japan, Korea and China. This emerald insect is a member of the beetle and grows up to 1 cm in length. Of the eggs laid by females on the bark, the larvae penetrate into the bast of the tree, leaving branched labyrinths there. To see that the tree is attacked by pests, perhaps by tearing off a piece of bark or on the foliage that acquired yellow color ahead of time. Adult insects, unlike larvae, instead of bast, eat the foliage of ash, causing significant damage to the tree.
Having found the pest tunnels, tampons are injected into them, treated in a suspension of hexachlorane (100 g per 1 l of water), sealing them after the procedure with clay or cement. Also (end of May - June) treatment of ash trees with a 3% chlorophos solution is recommended.
Gardens (for example, in negligent neighbors), which have not been removed from slow-rotting plant debris for a long time, are real breeding grounds for infections. In such a neighborhood, in order to maintain the health of your plants, you need to increase your vigilance. Use special means for spraying, cover up the damaged bark on the trees, watch feedings, watering and cut dry branches.
White, or floral ash, grows in the Middle East, the states of Western Europe and in the central part of Russia. Prefers deciduous forests. He likes well-lit places, is drought tolerant, but not cold-resistant enough and grows relatively slowly. Reaches 12 m in height. His crown is regular and round. The foliage is light green, complex, egg-shaped with long (9 cm) leaflets, lowered along the central core with jagged edges.
During flowering (about 10 days) flowers that make up lush panicles up to 15 cm long, exude a wonderful aroma and have a white color. It is considered cultural from the 17th century. Great for use in green building, when creating group compositions in the southern regions of the country.
Ash is quite often found on the territory of the European part of Russia (not reaching the Volga), in the mountain forests of the Caucasus and the Crimean peninsula. It grows in Asia Minor, in the Mediterranean region and in the West of the European continent. This species, being the most famous representative of its kind, can be seen in various nature reserves. The tree reaches 30 m in height. It has a wide open wide-open crown.
Leaves are pinnate broadly lanceolate forms, out of 7–9 leaflets with serrate edges, having a bright green color on top and green bottom. The trunk of young ash trees with sulfur, like ash, smooth bark over time becomes covered with transverse and longitudinal deep cracks. Юные побеги имеют серо-зеленую окраску и являются голыми, благодаря чему черные почки, словно опушенные бархатом, выглядят очень эффектными на их фоне. У цветов отсутствуют околоцветники, и цветение проходит невзрачно. Плодами являются крылатки до 5 см в длину.
Ясень обыкновенный достаточно быстро растет, любит свет и плодородные карбонатные почвы лиственных лесов. Mature trees are able to withstand low temperatures (down to -40), but may freeze during spring frosts. Although then quickly depart from them, it is advisable to plant them in protected places. Prefers moist soil, but without stagnant moisture. Relatively well tolerated smog, air pollution and dryness. If you do not stratify, the seeds that propagate common ash sprout only in the second year after planting.
Decorative forms multiply by grafting on the main view. It is widely used in green building and landscape design. Very valuable, durable (up to 300 years) fast-growing tree, with a beautiful crown and a straight trunk, which is great for creating green group compositions, alleys and casing roads.SharePinTweetSendSendSend