General information

Shedding in rabbits: an important stage of life

Oh, what a gorgeous bunny. One would like to reach out to the monitor screen and stroke this magnificent wonder of nature. Oh, what a little baby doll. Can give such a decorative rabbit to his girlfriend?

Want to know which rabbit is the most beautiful of all breeds of rabbits. Of course, this is the Angora Rabbit. Just look at these photos:

California rabbits were bred in the United States of America, California. The breeding of this breed was accompanied by hard work, many breeds were tried. The California Rabbit has received many qualities. This and quick weight gain, good coarse hair.

Rabbit Baran - a very rude name for such cute rabbits, from the breed of decorative. They were called rams for their lamb ears. And precisely because their hearing is not very well developed. These rabbits are not afraid of every sound.

Giants are not only in children's fairy tales, but also in our real life. Which of you, the last time, saw with your own eyes the Rabbit Giant. I bet nobody. But these animals in size, have long been bypassed by re only domestic cats, but also many breeds of dogs.

Lop-eared rabbits. This breed of rabbits, characterized by the fact that the lop-eared very soft and good-natured nature. They very quickly find contact with a person. This is very noticeable when the lop-eared rabbit begins to get acquainted with children. At first, it is shy, shy, and then, having fun, playing and can’t tear itself away from its human friend.

Decorative Rabbit - indicates that the animal of this species has a very aesthetic limitation in size, which gives this type a very attractive appearance. Rabbits are small, they are cute, they are funny and playful.

Home Frequently asked questions The world's most beautiful animals

The smallest decorative rabbits?

The smallest rabbits are considered decorative. Dwarf (decorative) rabbits appeared at the end of the 19th century by chance. The usual home rabbit gave birth to dwarf babies, which later (in the adult state) weighed several times less than normal rabbits.

Currently there are more than 10 breeds of dwarf rabbits. Below we provide information about them.

Why is a decorative rabbit shedding heavily?

Wool decorative rabbits require constant care. To a greater extent, this concerns breeds with long hair, which are brushed 2-3 times during the week. During the period of molting problems is added.

Rabbits face the first molt at the age of 3 months, when the adult fur replaces the soft baby fur. This happens almost imperceptibly, without causing any problems. Subsequent molt becomes more abundant and more noticeable.

Most decorative rabbits molt 2-3 times a year, and some every 3 months. First, the fur on the face changes, then on the neck, spine, sides and thighs, belly and tail. Wool may shred or evenly. Sometimes even bald patches are formed, which after several days are overgrown with hair. Some animals shed their old wool very quickly, in big shreds, and also quickly acquire new ones. It happens that because of the slow process, one molt gradually flows into the next.

The reason why the rabbit sheds often and for a long time can also be an unbalanced diet and a lack of vitamins. Hay, cereal feeds, fresh grass, vegetables must be present in the diet of rabbits. Periodically it is recommended to feed them with complex vitamins.

All rabbits have their own characteristics of molting. First of all, it affects the breed, conditions and food. To make life easier for the animal and prevent health problems, you need to help the rabbit daily to remove excess wool. Various combs, hairbrushes and slickers help to cope with this. If you do not do this, the animal will tear itself out and lick off unnecessary wool. In this case, a large amount of wool will get into the stomach, which can cause digestion difficulties.

Decorative rabbit sheds heavily when frightened or in stressful situations. This may result from moving, changing owners or the appearance of another animal in the house.

Such parasites as scabies and fur mites or rabbit fleas can lead to hair loss. When infected with a scabies mite, a thin white peel forms on the skin of the rabbit, and severe itching begins. Fur mites and fleas can be seen when looking at wool.

Hair loss by shreds with the formation of irritated skin without hair, but with small red spots indicates infection with microsporia (ringworm). Assign the correct treatment and determine the disease in this case can only be an experienced veterinarian.

There are domestic breeds of rabbits.

Meat (meat and skin) rabbits are bred to produce meat and skins, which can weigh up to 10 kg. Agricultural rabbits are adapted to the content in economic structures. A large animal eats and drinks a lot, and as a result there is a lot of waste and smell from it.

Decorative (sandpaper) rabbits are raised in order to get fur skins, the weight of these rabbits more often up to 5 kg. Farms and amateur farms, dealing with these rabbits focusing on the quality of the skin, on the splendor of the fur, on the peculiarity of colors. These decorative rabbits, of course, are smaller than meat rabbits, but larger than dwarf ones, they are not suitable for keeping, and even more so for breeding in domestic, especially residential conditions. The smell and waste of even a single rabbit will drive crazy clean citizens.

Ornamental dwarf rabbits are raised and kept as a pet, they are not suitable as a meat dish and a spectacular collar. The weight of these rabbits depends on the breed and does not exceed 2.500 kg. The main difference lies in the so-called dwarf gene, which is present in dwarf rabbits and is absent in all others. Under the strict attention and care, miniature rabbits live only at home, and not in household buildings, because, unlike other rabbits, they are more delicate and fragile creatures.

Small miracle

Once, when I went to the pet store, I saw a small fluffy little ball - a decorative rabbit, and I was excited to buy it. When I came for him the one I had seen for the first time had already been sold, but there was another one no less handsome, male. And so I acquired it, and with it the cage, the water bowl and the book on its care. In the store I was told that it will be small, as the breed is decorative. In the book, I read that keeping him in a cage must be let out a few times a day so that he stretches his legs. It was spring outside and I was tearing grass to him, and he was very happy about it. He also enjoyed eating oats, carrots, and apples, but most of all he loved cheese. Rabbits are very character. So my character was just ugly. First, he bit, he couldn’t be patted just like that, that is, he sat catching the buzz, then he got bored, he turned around, bit and ran. Secondly, he gnawed at us all the wires, although it seems we were watching him when we let him out.

Sources: vikikolok.ru, www.zooclub.ru, www.8lap.ru, www.mini-krolik.ru, citykey.net

Types of molting in a rabbit

Like any other animal, a rabbit molts several times in its life. When rabbits molt, how the molting period takes place, what nuances you should pay attention to, possible diseases associated with hair loss and how to care for animals - you will learn all this in our article. Shedding is characterized by loss of coat, but not alopecia, namely the change of coat. We already know that a rabbit is distinguished:

  1. Age molting (it is typical for young)
  2. Seasonal moulting (it is typical for adult rabbits),
  3. Compensatory or pathological molt.

Age molt

Age molting is a natural process and is characterized by the change of “infant” to “adult” fur. Such a molt - a kind of indicator of the normal formation of an animal, characterizes the proper formation of an adult individual. The first molt in rabbits molt occurs about a month and a half. Each breed has a different duration of this process.

Rabbits are born with a naked body. The first coat begins to make its way around 4-5 days.

On the 14th day, the small hairs will be transformed into a fluff, and by the month of the month the rabbits for the first time acquire thick fur, which will last only a fortnight. The first stage of wool change occurs in 1.5 months. The process of converting fur lasts the same. Almost immediately begins the second age of molting (after 15 days), which ends at the age of six months.

Scheme age molt in rabbits

A photo. The stepwise process of molting in a young rabbit from 1 to 8 months.

Please note that at about 4.5 months, the first stage of baby molting is completed and almost immediately continues in the same sequence. Previously, the end of the molt was a signal for the selective slaughter of fur rabbits. The end of fattening rabbit fur occurred in 7.5-8 months

At what age does adult rabbit fur appear?

At about 120-130 days, the rabbit is finally covered with adult fur. Up to this age, rabbit down pulled out when combing with a big stretch can be used to make woolen yarns for making knitted mittens, used as finishing elements of knitted clothing, felt. When the rabbit sheds a second time, this wool is already considered valuable, and accordingly costs much more.

Seasonal moult in rabbits

Seasonal moult is a little different. It is worth noting that rabbits do not shed in winter and summer. Their period is autumn and spring. Shedding of males and females occurs in different ways, but age - is identical for both sexes. Usually, the process of wool renewal in rabbits begins in late August or early September. And this period lasts 2-2.5 months. During this period, all breeders, noted the low fertility of females and the activity of producers. This phenomenon has a physiological meaning, so as not to produce unprotected offspring from parents spending a lot of energy on the seasonal restructuring of the body.

A photo. Seasonal moulting in rabbits is accompanied by the gathering of down with the help of a pooder

The most expensive winter wool, by the way, and decorative rabbits of downy breeds (Angora breeds) can provide service to grandmothers needlewomen. Wool has the highest cost, and a lot depends on animal care. Wool should be thick, soft to the touch, do not tarnish or fall out when touched. How is the process of autumn and spring molting? With the normal maintenance of the rabbit (air temperature, food, etc.), the molt has a certain algorithm, namely:

First, sheds the neck and tail. Then withers, tummy and the area of ​​the croup. Ends the process of molting on the hips and sides.

Wool falls evenly. The skin lumen has a bluish tint.

Rabbit Alopecia due to Vitamin Deficiency

Hypovitaminosis - a lack of vitamins in the body of rabbits. False molt is usually attributed to the lack of fat-soluble vitamins. In order not to load an unprepared reader, we advise you to contact the nearest veterinary pharmacy and ask for vitamins for baldness. You will understand. Signs of hypovitaminosis. Abundant hair loss in summer or winter (out of season). In place of bald patches, new wool does not grow or grows very slowly. Often confused with lichen, but unlike lichen skin is clean, without a red rim (rim) around the periphery of the skin without hair.

Alopecia

Deprive is a skin disease caused by microscopic fungi. It belongs to the group of infectious diseases. Previously, the disease was considered dangerous for humans and animals are recommended to sleep. Now, when almost every family has the opportunity to wash their hands, and often regularly take showers and other hygiene procedures, there are therapeutic vaccines; the epidemic danger of ringworms from animals is not very relevant. Signs of ringworm in a rabbit. Limited skin areas with trimmed hair. It is often confused with baldness in hypovitaminosis, but in this case there is a rim around the edges of alopecia, some forms of dermatophytosis (scientific name of herpes) do not have clear visible signs, infected animals are detected by laboratory methods or under Wood's lamp (diagnostic device).

Vaccines for treating and preventing lichen in a rabbit

Deprive, perhaps the only animal disease the treatment of which is carried out by the vaccine. not serum. Two vaccines against lichen rabbit have been registered in Russia. The exact name of the biological products is indicated below:

  1. Vaccine "Vacterm" - vaccine against animal dermatophytosis
  2. The vaccine "Microderm" - against live animal dermatophytoses, freeze-dried.

Please note that not all lichen vaccines are suitable for rabbits. These vaccines are intended for the prevention and treatment of dermatophytosis in rabbits.

Vaccines Wakderm F and Wakderm TM are not used in rabbit breeding.

How to care for the rabbit during the molting period

The process of changing wool is directly dependent on the decency and diligence of the owner. If you are doing everything right, then the molting period will pass unnoticed, both for you and for the animal. Decorative breeds of mammals during the molting period must be carefully combed out. In order that this process does not scare the animal, it is necessary from the very young age to accustom the little rabbit to similar hygienic procedures. During the change of fur can not:

  • Change feed or mix with new product
  • Bathe the rabbit,
  • Change the conditions of detention

Molting rabbits can be accompanied by ingestion of hair balls, in the stomach are formed of dense woolen balls - bezoara, which lead to constipation in an animal.

Rabbits do not have a vomiting reflex; therefore, one should not wait for nausea and urge to vomit, like other animals in similar cases.

Feed additives recommended for rabbits during the molting period

Usually the molt goes away on its own without any consequences for the organism. However, as a recommendation to add shine to the coat, reduce brittleness and prevent dandruff, an additive containing sulfur for animals can be recommended. The additive is called "Sulfur for animals", is available in bags of 2.5, 5.0 and 10.0 grams. The rate of input into the daily diet of a rabbit is 0.01 grams. This is the amount placed on the tip of a sharp knife. Sulfur for animals is added to the feed during the month with age. seasonal and pathological moulting. Assign with skin lesions microscopic mites. The additive is registered in the Russian Federation under the number of PVR-2-10.14 / 03085, issued LLC Agrovetzashchita

How to determine the most opportune moment for slaughtering rabbits bred for meat and skins?

Each breeder seeks to get the most out of his farm. In order for the effect of breeding animals to be high and all the effort expended to give maximum results, you should strive to sell your products at a better price. Therefore, it is very important to choose the most suitable time for slaughtering rabbits. About how the age of the rabbit, its condition (fatness, activity, reproductive ability, general well-being) affect the decision on the slaughter of each particular individual is described in detail in other articles. In addition, each experienced rabbit breeder always keeps in mind the question of the realization of the skins of slaughtered animals. To get a good and expensive skin, you need not only to properly carry out the face and to properly remove the skin from the rabbit, but also to eliminate to the maximum the consequences of molting the animal.

Now I want to share with you the knowledge of how the molt of rabbits' skins can correct and move the dates of these faces. You have probably already heard that all rabbit skins are divided into categories, from first to fourth. Their possible damage dramatically reduces the price of the goods.

  • The best skins of the 1st category are skins, obtained mainly during the winter slaughter after molting, and have the most developed awn and down, with no visible flaws and traces of blood vessels, with uniform hair covering and optimal thickness. Attention is paid to the absence of damage when removing the skin from the rabbit and the condition of drying. When bent there should be no cracks. Skins that have been stored are checked for the absence of insect parasites.
  • Skins are transferred to the second category if they do not have sufficiently developed awn and lint, as well as skins with insufficient thickness of hair, including as a result of excessive stretching during drying.
  • The third category includes skins with low awn and down, uneven coating and thickness, partial signs of molting.
  • To the skins of the lowest, 4 categories are molting skins, with mechanical damage, with very low awn and down, with small bald spots.

Для того чтобы правильно спланировать сроки забоев нужно учитывать определённые закономерности, связанные с физиологией животных. Так например линька взрослых особей происходит два раза в год: весной и осенью. Наиболее кондиционный, густой и блестящий мех держится у кролика в течении зимы, примерно с ноября по март. Летом даже после весенней линьки мех кролика менее плотный и менее высокий. The lowest quality fur is the shedding rabbit fur. It is absolutely not recommended to kill a rabbit with crawling hair and sometimes even with bald spots. The exception is diseased rabbits, as well as rabbits that were injured. Sick rabbits may not recover their fur at all.

Juveniles molt somewhat differently, in two stages after birth. These stages are not related to the season, but depend only on the age of the rabbit. The first stage lasts from about the 1st to the 4th month and soon the second stage of molting begins, which ends by the sixth - eighth month. In addition, it is necessary to take into account the fact that females in the period of activity and during the sukololnosti often tear down and violent molting in them occurs after the jigging of rabbits.

In any case, the conditionality of the skin should be checked for each rabbit individually. Shedding is a gradual process. Usually, the wool begins to fall on the underbelly and rump, and only then the molt goes over to the sides and back of the animal. In females after the rounds, the molting process begins with a nape. If you recorded hair loss on the thighs, then the process of molting the rabbit moved into the final phase. It’s impossible to say exactly how long it will last; everything will depend on the specific conditions of the rabbits. The timing of the end of the molt is significantly influenced by the diet of feeding, the season and the climate in your area, conditions of detention, and other factors. For example, with poor feeding, rabbits shed much longer and their hairs grow unevenly.

It is very important to learn how to determine the stage of the process of molting a particular rabbit. For this there are various techniques. For colored breeds of rabbits, the technique is to determine the color of the skin. You need to take the rabbit in your arms and slightly swell the fur against the direction of hair growth in different parts of the body. If you find that the skin color is white on the entire surface of the rabbit, it means that the molt is completely over. About two weeks before the end of the molt you will see white skin only in the region of the ridge, and dark in the region of the rump and on the sides. Gradually, dark skin will turn into white, passing through the spotting stage. In white rabbits, the skin is always white, even during moulting. Therefore, this technique is not applicable to them. The presence and stage of molting in them can be determined only by visual analysis. When combing old hair, it is plentifully getting out, the fur itself becomes dull, and when swelling up the hair against the direction of hair growth, new emerging hairs are seen.

How long does it take

The first age update continues until the rabbits are three or four months old, while the second lasts about two months and ends when the animals are 5.5-6 months old. Provided that the young are fed with feeds based on the high-protein component, the first age molt can end 65 days from the moment of birth. It should also be noted that the duration of this process depends on the breed of molting animals: some are updated quickly, others do it gradually.

Rabbits from the age of six months molt just as adult representatives of these animals by season. In practice, the update process can be identified by the bluish tint of the spots that have appeared. When rabbits molt, it mainly occurs in a certain order, starting from the neck and tail, then squeezes the back of the head, spine, abdomen, and at the end - the sides and hips. The order of hair loss can vary depending on many factors: the conditions of the animal, nutrition, physiological state, temperature. From these same factors may depend on the duration of the seasonal update - from 32 to 45 days. But the main thing is that with unfavorable indicators of these factors, the hair after renewal grows rather fragile, has no shine and is not particularly valued.

In the spring of rabbits, at first the head and front paws shed, then the sides, the stomach, the ridge, at the end - the rump and tail. In males, this process occurs in March-April. In females, the update also occurs at the beginning of spring, but, unlike males, it is much faster. Wool becomes brownish, rather rare. The more often the rabbit in this period leads the offspring, and more numerous, the less it becomes its wool.

In late August - early September begins the autumn update in rabbits. Summer wool replaces the thick winter.

Molting rabbits is a completely normal physiological process, which occurs with regular constancy, and it is not necessary to worry about this once again. But also it is not necessary to lose vigilance, because the cause of loss of hair may be in another. To do this, before drawing conclusions about why your rabbits go bald, you need to carefully read the special literature and consult with people who have sufficient experience in breeding these animals.

Care for the rabbit during the molting period

When the rabbit sheds heavily, the risk of intestinal obstruction is high. These animals are clean, they constantly lick themselves. As a result, they swallow a lot of wool that falls out. During the shedding, you need to carefully care for the rabbits - comb the hair with a fine comb or a special brush. To remove fallen hairs, you can moisten your hands with water and pet your pet from all sides.

Attention! Rabbits can not belch wool like cats.

Since rabbits do not know how to regurgitate their wool, it is important to take care that they do not stop the work of the digestive tract.

Rabbit digestive tract structure system

What are the signs of a stomach blockage?

  1. The rabbit does not go to the toilet for more than 12 hours.
  2. Pet does not eat.
  3. Looks depressed due to pain in the abdomen.
  4. His stomach is rounded due to the accumulation of gas.
  5. If the rabbit is emptied, and its feces are of smaller diameter than usual.
  6. Fecal balls as if fastened together by a thread, resemble beads.

Such symptoms suggest intestinal obstruction. You can help your pet in several ways:

  1. Massage the abdomen with light movements in a clockwise direction.
  2. More often water pet.
  3. Give him 2-3 ml of vegetable oil.

Attention! In case of refusal to drink, you should inject 10 cubes of glucose solution subcutaneously several times a day.

For the prevention of intestinal obstruction during molting, animals are given a special paste that prevents the formation of hairballs in the stomach. It is sold in vetaptekakh and pet stores.

If the rabbit sheds in the fall, spring or at an early age - this is normal. Another thing, when his coat falls in summer or winter. In this case, it may indicate some kind of disease or lack of vitamins in the diet. Provide good care for pets during the shedding process: brush their hair regularly to avoid stopping the stomach. Sometimes because of this, rabbits die.