With them, giving even in the dull autumn and frosty winter days will not lose its charm and attractiveness.
However, evergreens not only refresh the garden in winter, but with their help you can zone the site, create hedges, sculptures. In this article you will learn about the most popular evergreens and the secrets of creating landscape beauties.
Evergreen conifers are one of the most popular in the design of the suburban area. The most common types of fir trees, which are well suited for growing in the country - European and prickly.
European spruce in height it can reach up to 30 meters, and in width its crown is spread over 5 meters. The shape of the crown - conical. By 10 years it grows slowly, then it can grow as much as 70 cm in a year.
The most popular decorative varieties of this type are:
- "Acrocon" - about 3 m high and 4 m wide, has dark green needles, at the bottom of the crown spreads widely and significantly narrows to the top,
- "Inverse" - it is also called weeping, because the branches fall from top to bottom, like a willow tree, in height it can grow up to 7 m,
- "Maxwell" - dwarf variety, has a spherical shape, yellow-green needles, in height and width reaches no more than 2 m,
- "Tompa" - very beautiful dwarf variety, fascinating bright green decorative crown with a light green hue, reaches a height of 1.5 m, width - up to 2 m.
Spruce spinyin the absence of trimming, the height can grow to 25 meters. It has an attractive, lowered crown. The needles of this species are very sharp, may be green, blue, gray. Prefers well-lit places, loose moderately moist soil.
Among the decorative varieties most popular:
- "Fat Albert" - grows to 10-15 m, needles of gray color,
- "Fastigiata" - blue spruce with narrow conical crown,
- "Guspi" - has a very beautiful bright blue needles. It grows up to 11 m.
Firs do not like too moist soil, so they should be watered only in drought, once every 10 days. The crown of spruce lends itself well to pruning, so that beautiful figures can be formed from it.
Honeysuckle is one of the most charming evergreen shrubs for the garden. Throughout the summer period, it blooms with beautiful crimson buds, and in winter it pleases the eye with rich green foliage.
Honeysuckle bushes - curly, in height can grow up to 3 meters. The plant has a wide foliage oval. The leaves are up to 8 cm in length, up to 5 cm wide. The inflorescences are odorless, rolled into a tube and hang from the shoots in the form of bluebells about 5 cm long. The color of flowers is mainly dark pink, raspberry, inside light yellow. In addition, there are varieties with red and yellow buds. After flowering, small bright red berries form on the shoots.
In the open ground, young seedlings are planted in the spring, after the end of winter frosts. The plant loves open, lighted, windless places. The most suitable soil will be loose, moderate moisture soil.
For planting, dig a hole up to 40 cm in depth (it is recommended to lay a layer of sand and gravel on the bottom, then some soil mixture). The plant is placed in the center of the fossa, gently straightening the roots, covered with soil and slightly compacted. Honeysuckle can not be deeply buried in the ground (the neck of the root must be at the level of the ground), otherwise it will not grow and may be lost. The young seedling of the first 14 days should be pritenyat from sunlight.
The evergreen cypress hedge just can't fail to fascinate the look. In height trees can reach from 1 to 25 meters. The crown is round and cylindrical. In the second year of growth, cypresses ripen cones. They have a very beautiful shape and resemble a flower bud.
Today, there are about a hundred species of cypress trees, but the most decorative representatives include:
- Cypress evergreen,
Cypresses are not demanding to the ground, they withstand drought well, but they do not tolerate frost well. If the drought is long - you should water the tree. For the formation of neat bushes in late August, pruning is carried out. In conditions of barren, heavy soil cypress once a year is recommended to feed a three-component fertilizer. The best breeding method is cutting.
Decorative bushes for the garden can be created with the help of juniper. Handicraft forms of the plant reach a height of 3 m, tree - from 4 to 12 m. Young seedlings have reddish-brown bark, in adult plants it becomes brown.
Juniper needles are assembled in pairs of several pieces. In addition to beauty, this evergreen plant has an incredibly pleasant smell and very beautiful green buds. In the second year of growth, cones acquire a grayish color and look like berries.
There are many varieties of juniper, but the most decorative and popular include:
- "Montana" - creeping shrubs about 20 cm high,
- "Kolumnaris" - columnar plants up to 50 cm in height, known for beautiful needles with a bluish tint,
- Blue Arrow - columnar shrubs with blue-gray needles,
- "Mass" - creeping shrubs with bluish-green needles.
Juniper does not need pruning and this procedure should be carried out only in those cases if you want to form a hedge from its bushes. In this case, you need to be very careful, as the branches of the plant grow very long. Propagated by seeds, cuttings and layering.This beauty fascinates the slender trunk and lush crown in the form of a cone. Unlike other coniferous trees, fir for a long period retains the decorativeness of the lower branches. The bark of plants is smooth, greyish, in some species in old age it can crack. The needles are soft, with rounded ends.
A distinctive feature of fir from other coniferous representatives is that its cones grow upwards like those of cedars, and break up on a tree, and its powerful roots go deep into the ground. In total, there are about 50 species and more than 200 varieties of fir.
The most interesting and decorative representatives include:
- Korean fir.
Balsam fir grows from 15 to 25 m. The bark is smooth, brown, the needles are dark green in color with thin white stripes, the cones are purple. Today there are 20 types of ornamental varieties of this species. A very popular dwarf variety “Nana”, which is up to half a meter high (in 10 years), up to 1 m wide. The needles have a charming emerald shade. Another thick dwarf fir species, Kiwi, stands out with a beautiful thick green-blue crown.
Cultural form monochrome fir reaches a height of 8 m. The bark is grayish, smooth, blue-green needles, slightly curled upwards. It has about 30 varieties. The most interesting of these are the Archers Dwarf dwarf variety with a thick blue crown and Wintergold, with yellowish needles in young plants, which change their color to green with age.
Very beautiful varieties of Korean fir:
- "Blue Magic" - dwarf variety with charming blue needles and lots of blue small cones,
- "Eskimo" - with a gray-blue crown, which looks like a pillow, and due to the randomly located branches such fir is also called the “witch's broom”,
- "Kula" - grows to half a meter, has a beautiful soft green crown, which is slightly flattened on top,
- "Molly" - dark green shrub, reaching a height of 30 cm.
Ivy refers to liana-like curly shrubs. It can reach a height of 30 m. The foliage of ivy is large, about 25 cm in length, and may have a green, yellow, brownish color. In the fall, the plant blooms with yellow-green umbrella-like small inflorescences. The next spring after planting on the ivy black berries are formed.
There are a large number of decorative forms of ivy, and the most popular include:
- winter - it is allocated with very large, wide, light green foliage,
- Baltic - the most frost-resistant variety, has small leaves of rich green color,
- treelike - it is a small upright shrub with beautiful green leaves with silver spots,
- tricolor - in the autumn season, the leaves at the edges become charming bright red color,
- fringed - it is distinguished by the fact that the foliage at the edges is framed by a yellow stripe, which in autumn changes its color to red or pink.
Boxwood is an ideal evergreen plant for borders, often using the site’s landscape design.
Its benefits also include:
- good crop tolerance,
- the possibility of good growth in dark areas,
- the possibility of forming a variety of shapes.
The Garland boxwood is ideal for making bonsai. Such varieties as “Latifolia”, “Rotundifolia” are perfect for forming hedges. With their help, you can create any shape - cones, ovals, cubes, rectangles.
Pine trees in landscape design are great for single planting, combining with other evergreen trees (fir, spruce, larch) or alpine hills, and cedar pine trees make excellent “live” rows. For the formation of dense fences - pines are not suitable, as the needles thin out over time and will not allow the creation of a dense monolithic wall.
Mountain, cedar and ordinary pines are considered the most suitable for cultivation. Weymouth and Vanguir varieties are suitable for regions with small frosts and fertile soils.
The crown is formed by circumcision. It should be carried out in the middle of summer, after the active movement of sap in the tree ends. Branches can be cut as a whole, and to the middle. Spring and autumn pruning is not recommended.
A distinctive feature of these evergreens is the flat dark green needles and red small cones, which look like berries. It grows for a long time, but can calmly live up to 3 thousand years. Perfectly tolerates shading, does not like polluted air. It grows well on loose soils, tolerates drought well.
- "Elegance" - perfect for the formation of hedges and group plantings, a ten-year plant in height reaches one and a half meters, young plants are interesting white-golden needles, which change with age to green with a yellow border,
- "Semperreya" - frost-resistant variety with bright golden needles, at the age of 10 years, grows up to 50 cm,
- "Horizontal" - the crown of this yew grows very wide, and only 1 meter in height, the needles are light green,
- "Washington" - possesses beautiful curved green needles with a golden border.
Thanks to the dense dense crown and the intoxicating aroma of thuis occupy one of the leading places in landscape design. Today, there are about 100 ornamental varieties of thuja, among which there are both tall and dwarf representatives, with green, golden, yellow-green, bluish, bluish color of needles. These trees are great for trim and decorative haircuts. With their help, you can make out alleys, pavement paths, create evergreen borders and dense fences,
Thuja varieties are best suited for use in landscape design. Globoza (characterized by a smooth rounded crown, suitable for planting along the sidewalk), "Filiformis" (has a spherical uneven crown with snake hanging branches) Bowling Ball (has a pale yellow, heather-like needles).
Trees and shrubs
Planting such plants makes it possible to literally in a matter of hours turn the former construction site or wasteland into a multi-colored oasis, if you buy shrubs or ornamental trees for the garden already grown in tubs, and replant with a clod of earth. The main thing is to study their requirements for the quality of the soil and the degree of frost resistance, and select those that will feel best on your site.
All trees and bushes are divided into three types: flowering, evergreen and decorative leafy plants for the garden.
Such beauty can be made with your own hands!
Such flowering ornamental shrubs for the garden, such as acacia, dogrose or lilac, are known to all and need no introduction.
We will tell about others, differing by more exotic look.
- Rhododendron. It blooms in spring with whole bunches of flowers, which, depending on the variety, may have a very unusual color. Incredibly beautiful, but very picky about the temperature regime - in winter it can freeze. Therefore, it is grown only in the southern regions. A few varieties have been adapted to the climate of the middle lane.
- Camellia. Even more thermophilic evergreen plant, which bloom begins in autumn. Camellia has a very beautiful dark green glossy foliage, which provides decorative shrub throughout the year.
Council Try growing camellia as a pot plant, if you have one where to pick it up for the winter.
Look at the photo: the plant is very similar to a rosebush.
- Forsythia It blooms very early, when foliage does not appear on all the trees, so spring pruning is unacceptable. The whole bush is covered with large yellow bells, beyond which no branches are visible. It looks especially impressive against the background of conifers in the country.
- Tamarisk. This plant will decorate your decorative garden with its unusual look: in the spring it will be covered with pink fluffy frost from small flowers. After flowering, the bush is recommended to form, and in the fall to pruning sick and dry branches.
- Spirea. It blooms very copiously - the ends of the branches are completely covered with flowers. The timing of flowering in different varieties differ, which makes it possible to enjoy the beauty from spring to autumn, if you plant several plants of this species.
Evergreen shrubs and trees
First of all, these include conifers - ornamental fir trees for gardens, pines, thujas and other representatives of this species. They will not make you happy with flowers, but at your summer house there will be greens all year round.
Of course, ship pines and blue spruces are suitable only for large areas, and for small ones or for organizing a compact recreation area it is better to choose slow-growing and dwarf plants.
- Mountain pine. Very unpretentious small tree, able to live on the most poor soils.
- Cedar elfin wood. The same applies to pines, but grows not so much in height as in breadth, spreading along the ground, and therefore requires a sufficiently large area. It tolerates harsh winters.
- Yew. A great choice for small areas - it grows very slowly, it feels good in the shade. But heat-loving and may die due to the high standing of groundwater, as it does not tolerate the constant high soil moisture.
- Dtsuga - original coniferous plant with an unusual crown shape in the form of umbrellas. Её можно поддерживать в аккуратном виде, периодически осуществляя своими руками стрижку. Лучше всего растет в местах, защищенных от ветра.
Для справки. If you need evergreen hedge, you can arrange it by planting crops such as juniper, boxwood or thuja around the perimeter.
Decorative leafy plants
If flowering plants are valued for abundant, but fairly short-term flowering, and evergreen - for creating a lively background throughout the year, then these decorative garden plants amaze with foliage of an unusual color or shape. Their competent selection will make your garden original and unforgettable even in the absence of flowers.
We recommend the following types:
- White turf. It stands out among ordinary shrubs with green leaves with a wide white border along their edges. Easily tolerates pruning and bush formation.
- Barberry Thunberg. Shrub with red or yellow leaves that look very impressive against the background of ordinary greenery.
Barberry fruits are edible
- Winged euonymus. The color of the foliage changes to autumn to a bright ruby, and in the spring the plant will delight you with unusual, clustered buds.
Note. Depending on the variety, the euonymus may be a dwarf plant or grow into a real tree.
There are also deciduous and evergreen species with different requirements for climatic conditions.
Therefore, choose seedlings carefully.
Care instructions should be provided in the nursery.
- Red Maple. The tree height of 1.5-3 meters with veropodobnymi leaves of red. Loves sunny places and moist acidic soil. Young seedlings require shelter for the winter.
Red maple in the park
Flowers and Herbs
Trees and bushes are great, but few will resist not to plant decorative garden flowers. Especially perennials, which also do not require great hassle on growing seedlings and nursing it when transplanting into the ground.
In addition to them, the site can also be decorated with unusual ornamental cereals for the garden, which many people know very little about.
How to choose perennials
Multicolored and cozy corner
All herbaceous plants are very demanding on the composition of the soil, light, and other growing conditions.
When choosing decorative flowers for the garden, first of all pay attention to this.
- Sun-loving plants should be planted in open areas, most of the day illuminated by sunlight.
- For shade-tolerant colors, areas on the west or east side of buildings are suitable, as well as flower beds located near tall trees that do not cast a thick shadow.
- Shade-loving plants, on the contrary, feel better there, where the sun rarely peeks: under the crown of bushes and trees, in the shadow of the northern side of the house.
Another selection criterion is plant height. For example, tall ones are used for the back or central part of flower beds and rabatok, for decorating unsightly fences and outbuildings. And creeping (ground cover) - to create pristvolnyh circles of trees, create alpine slides and other compositions with stones.
Flowerbed of uneven perennials
Especially carefully choose ornamental cereals for the garden - not all of them are able to live in a harsh climate, and require complex care. Such herbs include brown and beige sedge, cortaderia, emperor.
But the drip catcher, soddy pike, feather grass or sedleria are quite unpretentious, and at the same time they can become an ornament of your garden.
Council If you are going to grow flowers and herbs from seeds, give preference to seeds in simple sachets - products of local breeders adapted to your climatic conditions.
The price of a beautiful package with bright colors on it is usually much higher, but the result rarely matches the picture.
Create your own piece of happiness
Floriculture and ornamental gardening is a real art that is taught throughout life. But the love of plants and the desire to make your garden beautiful and cozy will help you realize your dream. And the video in this article will be the starting point for it.
Evergreen Shrubs - Description of Plants
Evergreens are both deciduous and coniferous species. Some of them grow to huge sizes, others remain miniature or lagging along natural or artificial supports.
Among the variety of varieties are the following types of shrubs:
- Holly ordinary - has pointed leaves that are woven into a dense bush.
Plant height varies in the range of 2-3 m. Located in semi-sunny places. Flowering time mid-end of autumn.
- Camellia is a beautiful plant that has several types of varieties.
The flowering time is early-mid summer. Flowers may have white, pink, red shades. The plant prefers the sunny side.
- Rhododendron is a shrub located in partial shade areas.
The average height of the plant varies in the range of 1-1.5 m. The shape and shade of the buds depends on the selected variety. Flowering time is May.
- Lavender - has a beautiful appearance with lilac, purple and white flowers. Refers to undersized species of shrubs. Ideal for decorating a hedge and decorating borders along garden paths.
- Bindweed - a common variety that is used to decorate hedges.
The ripening time is summer. Buds bloom throughout the warm period. The height of the shrub ranges from 40-50 cm.
Gardeners often combine different types of shrubs to create a beautiful composition. Some plants do not survive the cold, so they require shelter.
Evergreens: List and Description of Species
Evergreens retain their green color throughout the year, regardless of the season. This is a rather specific type of plant, which has a number of undeniable advantages over deciduous plants. Evergreen trees and shrubs can delight with their saturated color all year round, which is very important for planting green areas around a house, in parks and public gardens. About the features of evergreens, we will discuss in this article.
Evergreens in landscape design
In a small area, evergreen shrubs will be appropriate, they will not obscure the garden and will not interfere with fruit trees. Plants with foliage of various shades will look especially attractive. Perfectly suited for this purpose: padony-shaped mahonia, European rhododendron varieties, cap-shaped honeysuckle, lingonberry, podbel, calmia, boxwood, Dammer cotoneaster. Low shrubs can be used as a hedge or as borders, dividing the site into zones.
For single planting, you can use conifers: pine, cedar, Freize, cypress and, of course - spruce. Some of these trees grow to a few tens of meters, so you should think in advance about how such a giant will look on your site.
Another kind of unfading greenery is ground cover plants, no higher than 30 cm in height. With their help, lawns turn into plush green or silver carpets and remain so year round.
Perfectly cope with this task: sunflower, forming cushion thickets, periwinkle with dark green foliage, carnation, covering the soil with a silvery veil, iberis, pleasing the eye with thin dense leaves. Even greater effect can be achieved if you plant several different species, creating a pattern. In addition to the decorative function, these plants protect the area from weeds.
Weaving plants are used in the design of hedges, arbors, facades of houses. The most unpretentious gardeners consider ivy, so its many varieties are most often found on the plots.
In order that various shades of juicy greens did not die away in any season - do not forget to look after them all the year round. Photo with the names of evergreen shrubs will help determine the variety that will decorate the garden area. Such plants are unpretentious. They are ideal for hedges, borders or creating a separate flower bed.
Evergreens for loggias and balconies
Some plants belonging to the species of evergreen, will be of interest not only to gardeners, but also those who want to decorate their balcony or loggia in the winter. Evergreens for a balcony in the autumn can be bought in a tub or pot, and then transplanted into a suitable container. The most unpretentious plants, ideal for landscaping a balcony, include: spruce, lying goulter, pyracanthus, buksus, juniper, thuja, etc. Each of these plants is able to please their owners with different color, flowering and foliage shape. For example, an euonymus is distinguished by variegated purple-pink leaves, the lying goulter is decorated with bright red berries throughout the winter, and the color of thuja and juniper can consist of all shades of the green gamut.
Evergreens for a balcony
Live fence or evergreen hedge
Even the most elegant fence for the garden can not be compared with the beauty of the “living” hedge, which becomes the main decoration of any landscape. Depending on the desired height of the hedge, to create it you can use low-growing evergreens, which include quince, yew repandes, yew elegantissima, mahonia, etc. or plants that can reach a height of more than three meters (barberry, gibner, cherry felt, etc.). The most common evergreens for hedges include various types of barberry, spruce, hawthorn, boxwood and rosehip. All these plants tolerate frost well, grow quickly, are not picky about soil composition and weather conditions, and are easy to trim.
If a “living” hedge is used to decorate a territory, then plants or shrubs are planted in one row. If the fence performs the function of the scenes or the fence, then you need a thicker landing in two rows. Sometimes several types of plants are combined into a single composition.
Evergreens for hedges
Evergreen green fence
Evergreen Tie Fence
Instead of creating a “living” evergreen hedge, you can resort to decorating an already finished fence with climbing plants. Climbing evergreen plants for the fence perform their decorative function all year round, almost without changing their appearance. The plants that quickly and tightly sew fence or any other support, include ivy, wisteria, girlish grapes, etc. In addition to the fence, these plants can be used to decorate many landscape objects - arbors. lattices, outbuildings, etc.
Curly evergreen plants for the fence
Curly evergreens for hedge
Curly evergreens for the facade
Evergreens to create borders
Curb plants are ideal for creating borders between different zones of the garden, marking paths, paths and flowerbeds. But, in addition to its decorative value, these plants are necessary to hinder the growth of weeds and the growth of lawn grass. In spring and summertime, “live” borders delight gardeners with a thick crown and bright flowering, but with the onset of winter, many of them lose their attractiveness, destroying the unity of landscape design. In order to “live” borders delight you all year round, choose evergreen curb plants, which include boxwood, honeysuckle, Dubrovnik, Japanese spruce, etc. Some plants, such as boxwood and dubrovnik, can be pruned, giving them the necessary height.
Landscape design with evergreen shrubs
Evergreen curb plants for flower beds
Borders for evergreen flower beds
As a rule, evergreens do not need special care. However, so that they can fully reveal their decorative qualities, choose a suitable place for landing. These plants do not like the scorching sun and the soil is too wet. It is best to plant them in the penumbra, in a place fenced from strong winds.
Evergreens in the garden in winter
Evergreen plants for the garden are able to decorate even the most perfect landscape composition. However, in order to give gardening of the garden maximum expressiveness, it is necessary to disperse the plants throughout the site, planting them in small groups in each separate zone. In addition, planting plants in groups, combine varieties with different colors, otherwise winter gardening will look gloomy and the same type.
- Anna Varutina (Chmerenko) December 5, 12:14 I ate a few castor fruits in my childhood, I heard that they make castor oil out of it, I wanted to cause diarrhea, but c. 10 most deadly plants in the world
- Andrey Waggen December 5, 12:07 interesting, these are wild flowers of the 10 most deadly plants in the world
- Albert Budarin December 5, 12:02 And the shack is somewhere miserable. Brazier and gazebo - he made himself for the first time in his life
Options: height 150-180 cm, flowering period VI-IX, blooms blue, purple or white.
Dignity: long flowering period, spectacular flowering, easy to grow and propagate, universal use.
Application: decoration of fences, walls, the creation of groups on the lawn, high flower beds, gardens in English and country style.
Requirements and cultivation:plant likes sunny places. Grows better in penetrating, moderately fertile soil. May require backup. The plant should be fed - from spring to late summer. If pruned after flowering, in the fall can bloom again.
Dicentra or "broken heart"
Options:height 60-90 cm., flowering period V-VI, blooms pink or white.
Advantages: original flowers - “hearts”, decoration in spring, attractive appearance.
Application:decoration of flowerbeds, separately growing, village, city, English and naturalistic gardens.
Requirements and cultivation: may grow in sunny or slightly shaded areas. Loves fertile land, penetrating, humus. It is necessary to cover. In the summer leaves an empty place to be planted.
Options: height 80-100 cm., bloom VII-IX, flowers pinkish-brown.
Advantages:versatility, unusually abundant flowering, easy to grow.
Application: This is one of the most valuable species for flower beds. It looks great planted in groups, for example: on the lawn, in the garden in a rustic, English, urban style. This is a medicinal plant.
Requirements and cultivation: a sunny place is required - it guarantees abundant flowering. Likes sandy-clayey soils, moderately fertile. It withstands frosts, but after a few years it is worth multiplying and planting on a new place. Can be attacked by slugs. Does not create problems when growing.
Options:height 60-100 cm., flowering period VI-VII, flowers of various colors.
Advantages: abundant flowering, universal use, a large number of varieties with different colors of flowers.
Application: tall flower beds, group planting on the lawn, planting of one species or mixed, decoration of ponds, village, oriental and English gardens. In China, daylilies are very eaten.
Requirements and cultivation:the plant should be planted in sunny places - then it blooms profusely. Loves penetrating, fertile soil. It should be regularly fed (several times a season). Removing faded blossoms prolongs the flowering period.
Options: height is 10-120 cm., flowering period is VII-VIII, flowers are unsightly.
Advantages:universal application, growing under the crown of trees, deciduous and decorative, a long period of development in the flower bed - from spring to late autumn, a variety of varieties and species.
Application:on flowerbeds, under the canopy of trees and shrubs, rock gardens, decoration of reservoirs, gardens in different styles.
Requirements and cultivation: a variety with bright leaves grows best in bright places, and with leaves evenly green they prefer more shade. It should be fertilized with organic or mineral fertilizers with potassium.
Options:height 60-100 cm., flowering period VII-VIII, white-yellow flowers.
Advantages: brightens the flower bed, easily packaged with other species, easy to grow.
Application: sunny flower beds, decoration of paths and stairs, the flower is cut, for gardens of different styles.
Requirements and cultivation:plant should be planted in full sun Loves sandy-clay soils. It is necessary to make organic fertilizers. Faded inflorescences are removed to continue flowering.
Options: height is 50-70 cm., flowering period VI-VIII, various colors of flowers.
Advantages:spectacular flowers, green fertilizer - binds nitrogen from the air.
Application:a traditional plant for flower beds, an excellent decoration of fences, suitable for green manure (green manures) for gardens in a rustic (country) style.
Requirement and cultivation: loves sunny places and sandy-clay soils. Fertilization is not required. After flowering is better to prune. Every few years the plant should be replaced by young copies.
Options:height 40-60 cm., flowering period VII-X, color yellow-brown.
Advantages: long flowering period, abundant flowering, “sunny” flowers, easy to grow.
Application:flower beds, planting in groups, village gardens
Requirements and cultivation:plant should be planted in sunny places. Prefers soils sandy-argillaceous, fertile. Does not tolerate drought. It is necessary to cut it in the spring. Отцветшие цветы можно удалять – это продлить цветение.
Параметры: height 15-25 cm., the flowering period, as a rule, VI-VII, blue flowers.
Advantages:universality, small abundant flowers.
Application: low beds and their framing, decoration of paths and walls, decoration of ponds, rock gardens, gardens of different styles.
Requirement and cultivation:plant unpretentious. Loves bright places, but partially shaded. Prefers fertile soils, moderately wet. Often propagated by self-seeding.
Primrose or primrose
Options:height 10-50 cm., flowering period III-VI, various colors of flowers.
Advantages: variegated flowers, easy to grow, early flowering.
Application:low beds, decoration of reservoirs, decoration of edges, on a balcony.
Requirements and cultivation: plant should be planted in bright places. Prefers fertile, moderately wet soils. It should be fed organic fertilizer. No special requests.
Like our site? Join or subscribe (notifications about new topics will be sent to the mail) on our channel in MirTesen!
Most Popular Evergreens
Below are examples of the most famous evergreens:
- Fir trees will be a good solution for garden decoration. Of course, not every variety of this magnificent tree will suit every garden. European or common spruce - the most common evergreen tree when decorating suburban areas, squares, alleys. Many varieties of this tree have been developed, differing in the needles shade, size and growth rate. On average, the height of spruce is from 30 to 50 meters, and width - up to 5 meters. This cone-shaped tree can live without any care for up to 300 years. Of course, more decorative varieties of spruce are suitable for domestic cultivation: “Acrocon”, “Inverse”, “Maksveli”, “Tompa”. In addition, in addition to the aesthetic value, the common spruce will be a good barrier against wind and snow for other plants, and will also serve as raw material for useful medical tinctures.
- A somewhat less common coniferous plant is Chilean Araucaria. The cone-shaped crown of this tree in the needles of a triangular shape looks very original. The younger the tree, the more choosy it is for growing conditions and needs additional care, and the older it gets, the more severe conditions it can tolerate.
- Thuya. Thick crown of unusual needle-shaped leaves and pleasant aroma make evergreen thuja shrubs a leader in landscape design. To date, more than 100 species of tui have been bred, including tall and miniature shrubs with a varied color - green, golden, blue and reddish shades enrich the garden with its wide range. These evergreens are excellent for pruning and haircuts, but for the shape to hold, it is better to tie the thuja with a thick rope for the winter.
- Japanese Umbrella Fir - it is a pyramidal conifer, rather fastidious to the environmental conditions. For good growth, fir is suitable only for wet, oxidized soil. Needles up to 15 centimeters long resemble umbrellas, which explains its second name “umbrella pine”.
- Recently, small evergreen trees are gaining popularity in home gardens. boxwoodwhich use for registration of borders and protections. The possibility of growth in dark areas and cutting various forms and levels of complexity make this plant appropriate in any place of the plot. It is worth remembering that the leaves of boxwood are poisonous and unsuitable for human consumption. Therefore, after working with the plant, be sure to wash your hands!
- Rhododendron one of the most famous flowering shrubs, but it is not the only one.
- Several types Magonia bloom in spring with yellow flowers.
- A hybrid garden will decorate the garden with small white fruits during the flowering season. Photinia Fraser.
- Gauleterie pointed - a spectacular fruit plant with red berries is ideal for combining with other plant species, as it is easy to get along with the "competitors".
Types and varieties of evergreens
Wanting to buy unusual evergreen crops for their gardening plots, it is not necessary to have many years of experience in gardening or to study many species and varieties of plants. It is only necessary to pay attention to the name or to one of the words in the name, it necessarily covers the "color" of this type. For example:
- Glauca - plant varieties with blue hues,
- Aurea - plants with light shades and a yellow crown,
- Gold are plants with a yellow color,
- Maculata, Variegata - variegated varieties of plants, consisting of various patterns and spots in green, white and silver tones.
For gardening the garden is recommended to use the most popular and most common evergreen crops with leaves. For example, eustosklet or loch will create a festive mood in the garden with their unusual color shades of white, yellow, cream, light or dark green border. From evergreen deciduous groundcovers one can prefer such varieties as “Gracilis”, “Silver Quinn. Ivy can be used to decorate trellises, hedges, tree trunks or various other objects in the garden.
Perfectly fit into garden ensembles and compositions of stunted and dwarf species and varieties of trees and shrubs. You can plant blue spruce, mountain or forest pine, pea or yellow cypress, blue or common juniper varieties on the smallest garden area. Thuja Oriental or folded, privet, hybrid sucker, barberry can claim to be a single or central plant in the garden. And such cultures as funky, fescue (blue or gray), periwinkle will make the garden multi-colored and create a contrast against the green background of other plantations.
The basis of the composition
If you plant these plants as the basis of the garden area, then at any time of the year you will be able to admire their unique look. In spring and summer, evergreens will complement mass flowering and fragrance. In autumn, during the period of active fruiting and bright colors of autumn leaves and fruits, the palette of shades will expand many times and unite into a rainbow choir of colors. And in the winter months they will become the only green island of nature against the backdrop of sparkling snow.
Single planting and growing in tubs
Winter-hardy varieties with unusual coloring look great in the collection of tubing plantings. For a bright solo accent on a garden plot, a flower garden or a clearing, evergreens are perfectly suited for which the crown is presented in an unusual form (for example, columns, or arrows). Weeping or stamba form of cultural development is ideal for single plantings.
Planting evergreens and rules of care
Cultures with multi-colored foliage and needles are recommended to be grown only in the penumbral areas. The solar and shady place of cultivation will affect the decorativeness of plants and their external characteristics. Burns are possible from direct sunlight, and due to a lack of light, the yellow and golden color will turn green.
Coniferous evergreens should be planted in areas that are not exposed to sudden gusts of wind and drafts.
The most favorable landing time is early spring or autumn.
The main care is:
- In the timely removal of damaged and dried shoots,
- In regular pruning and the formation of the crown and the general shape of the plant.