There is hardly a gardener who does not plant cucumbers on his plot. India is considered the birthplace of this plant. Cultivate cucumber as a garden plant began in ancient Egypt and the Roman Empire. Later gained distribution in almost the entire world. We will tell a little about the cultivation of cucumbers in the conditions of central Russia in the open field.
Preparation for cultivation begins long before the cucumber seed enters the ground. Here with the preparation of the earth and should begin. Cucumbers are not suitable for growing heavy, acidic soil. For planting it is better to choose areas with light, well-fertilized soils.
High-yielding varieties of cucumbers for open ground self-pollinated
Content step by step instructions:
- When wetted with water, clay soil is easy to roll into the cord, it does not crack when twisting.
- Loam can be rolled into a cord when wet, but twisting will not work out anymore, it will break.
- Sandy soils can be easily rubbed between the fingers. When moistened in the cord do not roll, only in the ball.
- From the moistened sandy soil in general do not blind anything. Neither cord nor ball. Will crumble.
Sandy or easily loamy soils are good for cucumbers.
If there is no litmus indicator paper to determine the acidity of the soil, the simplest determination can be made by the reaction of the soil to vinegar. Put some earth on glass and pour vinegar on it. A strong foam will tell about alkaline soils, the average formation of foam - the soil is neutral, there is no foam - the soil is acidic.
For cucumbers, sandy or easily loamy soils with neutral acidity are good. If necessary, you can change the composition of the soil by adding peat or sand, and you can change the acidity using chalk or dolomite flour.
Cucumber requires fertilized land with manure
Cucumber requires fertilized land, so in the fall add 9-10 kilograms of manure per square meter of soil. In the spring, it is better to bring in half-manure. In the autumn you can make, in the absence of manure, superphosphate. Per square meter 40-50 grams. Ammonium nitrate may be applied in the spring - 10-20 grams per square meter. Not bad and add wood ash 20-25 grams.
The best predecessor in the soil for cucumbers will be cabbage, onions, tomatoes, potatoes of early varieties.
Seed preparation is best to start with soaking and germination.
Seed preparation is best to start with soaking and germination. At the same time, weeding out substandard, not germinated seeds will immediately occur. You can germinate on cotton, filter paper, in sawdust. For germination takes warm water. You can use the solution with the addition of growth promoters, such as Gumistar or Shining-2. Prepare the solution according to the instructions on the stimulator package.
Sprouted seeds should be planted in separate containers or peat pots with a volume of 350-400 ml in order not to damage the roots of sprouted cucumbers during transplantation. Germination of cucumber seeds lasts up to 5-6 years.
Sprouted seeds planted in separate containers
Landing in open ground
In conditions of central Russia, seedlings of cucumbers are planted in open ground during the second decade of May. You can land in 2-3 terms, making the gap between the plantings in 7-10 days. So we will extend the time of aging and the collection of fresh cucumbers. Cucumbers are always planted in the recess (hole). The hole will provide better access to water and will be able to add soil to the roots of the plant. Adding soil will lead to an increase in the root ball, as a result, the fruiting period will last and increase the yield.
Cucumbers planted in the second decade of May
Cucumbers are quite responsive to the following conditions:
- Application of organic fertilizers.
- Regular loosening of topsoil.
- Ground temperature Do not plant seedlings at soil temperatures below 14-16 degrees C.
- Do not allow drying and excessive moisture of the soil. When dried, the plant will die, with an excess of moisture possible rotting of the roots.
In the excavated shallow trench to make a well-rotted compost or humus. Sprinkle with a layer of earth about a centimeter and seedlings are transferred to the well made. Seedlings well watered to prevent damage to the root when transferring or land with a peat pot, when germinated in it. Deepen 1-1.5 centimeters below ground level. The best option is to fit on the ridge in 2 rows. The distance between plants is 20-25 centimeters, between the rows of half a meter. For shelter from possible temperature drops, a film cover is necessary. Cucumbers planted in open ground can be left without shelter from June 5-8.
A radish planted on the edge of the ridge will protect the cucumber from spider mites. The neighborhood of cucumber with garlic, cabbage, dill, radish, beans showed good results.
Terms of ripening
In terms of ripening varieties and cucumber hybrids share:
- ultra-fast - aging time up to 45 days,
- early maturing - ripening time 45-50 days,
- mid-ripening - aging time 50-55 days,
- late ripening - ripening period over 55 days.
Divide and destination cucumbers for pickling, salad and varieties of universal purpose. For cultivation in the open ground most suitable cucumbers for early and middle ripening periods. Do not stop the work of breeders. Varieties of different ripening terms are derived. Below are the most well-known and tested cucumber varieties. Almost all cucumbers that do not need bees are hybrids. Therefore, the annual purchase of seeds will be necessary.
Cucumbers Herman F1
An early, high-yielding parthenocarpic hybrid with a long fruiting period. The plant is powerful, with sufficient nutrition at the same time forms up to 6-7 fruits in one node. Fruits are green, dense, krupnobugorchatye, kornishonnogo type, genetically without bitterness.
The hybrid is resistant to cladosporia, powdery mildew, and cucumber mosaic virus. It is grown both in greenhouses and in the open ground in vertical and horizontal ways.
Productivity of cucumber Herman: up to 9 kg from 1 plant per season (if there is timely watering and fertilizing).
Cucumbers Masha F1
The earliest (37-39 days before fruiting), parthenocarpic hybrid. Fruits are standard in size, 8-11 cm long, ripen amicably, have a very attractive appearance. They are good both in fresh form and in salting.
The hybrid is resistant to cucumber mosaic virus, cladosporia, powdery mildew, and relatively resistant to downy mildew.
Yield of cucumbers Masha: more than 10 kg of fruits from 1 square. meter landings.
One of the most favorite cucumbers.
Connie F1 Cucumbers
The early high-yielding parthenocarpic (not requiring pollination) hybrid of the kornish type, 43-45 days pass from germination to fruiting. The plant is average, with beam formation of ovaries.
Cucumbers are short, cylindrical in shape, 7–9 cm long and weighing 60–80 grams, bright green, finely tucked, white-billed. Crispy, juicy, without bitterness, with excellent taste. The hybrid is resistant to overgrowth, powdery mildew and root rot.
Connie F1 - the universal cucumber, used for fresh consumption and for processing. Recommended for cultivation in open and protected ground.
Connie Cucumber Yield: 14 - 16 kg / m².
Cucumbers Courage F1
The early parthenocarpic hybrid (from germination to fruiting 45-50 days), female type of flowering, intended for cultivation in greenhouses.
The plant is vigorous, with moderate spore formation. In nodes 2-4 ovaries are formed (often up to 5-6 pieces).
Fruits are dark green with light stripes, 12-15 cm long, weighing 120-130 grams, lumpy, white-headed, for universal use. Taste high, without bitterness. Planting density 2.5-3.0 plants per square meter meter. The hybrid is relatively resistant to the main diseases of cucumber.
Yield of cucumbers Courage: 6-8 kg / plant.
Cucumbers Nezhinsky 12
One of the best varieties of cucumbers for salting. Grown in open field and film shelters. The variety is mid-season, bee-pollinating, unpretentious, resistant to diseases. Long-bushy bush.
Cucumbers are short, oblong-egg-shaped, large-tuberous, chernoshipye, 10-12 cm long, weighing 80-110 grams. The flesh of the fruit is crunchy, excellent taste. The variety is resistant to olive spot and bacteriosis.
Productivity of cucumber varieties Nezhinsky 12: 1.5 - 2 kg / sq. m
Agrotechnology: planted at the end of May in greenhouses and in the ground seeds, or 20-25 day seedlings. Planting density - 3 plants per 1 sq. M. The seeding depth is 1.5-2 cm. The soil should be fertile with high aeration (sawdust, leaves can be added).
Cucumbers Miranda F1
Early, high-yielding, universal hybrid, with well-expressed parthenocarpy of predominantly female type of flowering. These cucumbers are intended for cultivation in film greenhouses and open ground. The plant is vigorous, leafy, in a node from one to two ovaries.
Cucumbers 11-12 cm long, weighing 110-120 g, cylindrical in shape with white spikes, green in color with white specks all over greenfinch and stripes to the middle of the fruit. Fruits are juicy, fragrant, good in salads, and for any processing, especially in salting.
Hybrid advantages: possesses enhanced cold resistance and group resistance to diseases including powdery mildew, early ripeness.
Crop yield of Miranda: up to 6.3 kg / sq. m
Sowing: in unheated greenhouses or in the soil, seeds or 25-35 day-old seedlings are planted in late May, when the soil warms to 14-15 ° C. Planting density: when grown in spreading - 3-4 plants / 1 m², vertical production on stakes / trellis - 2-3 plants / 1 m². The seeding depth is 1.5-2 cm.
Cucumbers Ira F1
Ultra-short-growing bee-pollinating hybrid of predominantly female type of flowering, from germination to fruiting 45-50 days. The plant is average, in one node 2-3 ovaries.
Cucumber cylindrical, 12-15 cm long, weighing 55-85 grams, dark green, large-knobby, with white pubescence. The flesh is dense, crunchy, with excellent taste. The hybrid has high stable yields and complex disease resistance. Designed for cultivation in the open field.
Productivity of cucumbers Ira F1: 9.5 - 10.2 kg / m 2.
Agrotechnology: Cucumbers are grown through seedlings or sowing seeds into the ground. Seeds are sown under the film at a depth of 2-3 cm, the seedlings are planted at the age of 20-25 days, when the threat of frost is over and the soil warms up to 10-12 C. The planting scheme of 3-5 plants per 1 square. m. The culture is demanding to heat, moisture and soil fertility. Care is regular watering with warm water. Once every 10 days watering is combined with top dressing (1 liter of slurry or 10 grams of urea per 1 liter of water). Form the plant by pinching over the third sheet.
Cucumber Karelian F1
Self-feeding high-yielding short-fruited hybrid. Enters fructification for 43-45 day from the moment of shoots. Cucumbers 8-10 cm long, spindle-shaped, large-tuberous. Fruits of high taste and commercial quality. Zabolochnye.
Hybrid advantages: cold resistance, extended fruiting period, intensive simultaneous pouring of several ovaries. The hybrid is not sensitive to temperature changes. Fruits well on scanty soils. Good for growing in the Urals and Siberia.
Yield of cucumbers Karelian: 14.8 kg / sq.m.
Agrotechnology: planting density in film greenhouses 3 plants per 1 m². The hybrid responds positively to pollination or spraying with a solution of boric acid (1 g per 1 l of water) at the very beginning of fruiting. In film greenhouses, side shoots pinch over a 2-3 sheet. Under temporary film shelters and in open ground, plants do not form.
Care: regular watering with warm water. Once every 10 days, watering is combined with top dressing (1 l of manure or 10 g of urea per 1 l of water).
Cucumbers Emerald Flow F1, description
Early ripe parthenokarpichesky hybrid for cultivation in an open ground and film shelters. The period from germination to fruiting is 44-48 days. The plant is vigorous, slaws, mainly with a female type of flowering.
Cucumbers oblong-cylindrical, lumpy, dark green, with a delicate thin skin, 30-50 cm long, weighing 150-200 grams. Possess excellent taste and aroma.
Cucumber Productivity Emerald Flow: up to 6 kg / sq. m
Hybrid value Emerald flow in resistance to powdery mildew, cold resistance, shade tolerance, long and continuous period of fruiting. Perfect for salads.
Cucumber variety Delicious
Early ripe grade of cucumbers for cultivation in an open ground. The plant is powerful, with long lashes.
Cucumber cylindrical, flattened, small tubercle, 9-12 cm long. The skin is tender, dark green. The pulp of the fruit is dense, with a high content of sugars. Seed chamber is small. All these qualities indicate that the Delicious - the most suitable for canning and salting cucumber variety for open ground.
Virtues of the variety: resistance to short-term cooling, extended fruiting period.
Productivity of cucumber varieties Deli: up to 7 kg per 1 sq. m. meter landings.
Agrotechnology: in unheated greenhouses and seeds in the ground or 20-25 day seedlings are planted in late May. Planting density 3-4 plants per 1 m². The seeding depth is 1.5-2 cm. The soil must be fertile with high aeration (add sawdust, leaves).
Cucumber Corinna F1
Ultra-fast, high-yielding parthenocarpic hybrid of cucumbers of German selection for open and protected soil with a friendly return of the crop. The plant is medium.
Cucumbers (improved Kony F1 in shape and color) - gherkins, 8-10 cm long, dark green, fine-tucked, white-billed, genetically without bitterness, excellent consistency. In salting and in canning remain dense and crispy. The hybrid is resistant to a number of diseases.
The yield of cucumber Corinna: 5,2 - 6 kg of fruits from 1 square. meter landings.
Agrotechnology: In the greenhouses and in the ground, seeds or 20-25 day seedlings are planted in late May with a planting density of 3 plants per 1 m² and a seeding depth of 1.5 cm.
Care: regular watering with warm water. Once every 10 days watering is combined with top dressing (1 liter of manure or 10 grams of urea per 10 liters of water). Form the plant by pinching over the Z-sheet.
Madame F1 Gherkin
Early ripe (43-48 days) bee-pollinating hybrid for cultivation in open ground and in the greenhouse. Plants are vigorous, mainly with a female type of flowering and beam arrangement of the ovaries (3-6 each in the node).
Cucumbers are short, cylindrical, often-and small-tuberculated, dark green with small white stripes, white-bearded, with a thin delicate skin, up to 10-12 cm long, weighing 65-85 grams, dense, do not outgrow and do not turn yellow.
The yield of cucumbers Madame F1: 10.5 - 14.0 kg / m².
Hybrid value: resistance to downy mildew and root rot, intensive fruit formation and friendly yield of the crop, no bitterness. Zelentsy of this grade are recommended for the fresh use, conservation, preparation of salted cucumbers.
Form the plant by pinching over the 3-sheet.
Early ripening (40-50 days), bee-pollinating variety, for open ground, medium climbing. Resistant to olive blotch, has a high resistance to cold.
Cereals are small-tuberous, white-necked, 10-13 cm long, weighing about 140 grams.
Productivity of cucumbers of a grade Graceful: 5 - 7 kg / sq. m
It is recommended to plant this variety according to the scheme: 50 x 50 cm.
Variety of cucumber Elegant is perfect not only for fresh consumption, but also for pickling and pickling.
Cucumber Alligator F1
Early maturing (46-48 days) bee-pollinating hybrid, with long-term fruiting, for spring film greenhouses and open ground. The plant is powerful, vigorous.
Cucumbers are elongated-cylindrical, green, large-knobby, shiny, with a thin delicate skin, 35-40 cm long, sweet, juicy, fragrant.
Crop yield Alligator: 14 - 16 kg / m².
Hybrid value: resistance to downy and true mealy dew, long fruiting period, excellent taste. It is recommended for the fresh use and conservation canned slices.
Cucumbers Chinese disease-resistant F1
Hybrids of the “Chinese Sustainable” series are distinguished by high productivity, endurance and excellent quality. Medium early (48-54 days) hybrid for cultivation in the open (on the trellis) and protected ground. The plant is powerful, with short internodes and small leaves, formed in one stem.
Cucumbers are even, cylindrical, dark green, with a shiny, large-celled surface, smooth at the base, “with a handle”, 30-35 cm long. The taste is high.
Yield of cucumber varieties Chinese disease-resistant high.
Hybrid value: high resistance to disease, endurance to cold and low light. Recommended for cooking salads, canning and pickling sliced.
Gherkin Son F1 Regiment
Medium early (40-45 days) bee-pollinating hybrid of cucumbers for open ground and film shelters. The plant is srednerosly, srednevtvisty, mainly female type of flowering.
Огурцы овальные, редко- и крупнобугорчатые, зеленые с короткими полосками, белошипые, длиной 6-8 см, не перерастают и не желтеют.
Урожайность огурцов Сын полка: 3,6 — 4,5 кг/м 2.
Ценность гибрида: resistance to downy mildew, cucumber mosaic virus, pumpkin scab, abundant and long-term fruiting, high taste, technological and commercial qualities, suitability for collecting and processing gherkins and pickles (2-4 cm). Purpose is universal.
Early ripe (41-46 days) bee-pollinating variety for open ground. The plant is long-flowered, srednerosly, srednevetvisty, mixed type of flowering.
Cucumbers oblong-cylindrical, coarsely lumpy, green with light stripes of medium length, with black pubescence, 10-11 cm long, weighing 100-125 grams.
Yield of cucumbers: 3.5 - 5 kg / sq. m
Grade value resistance to downy mildew, stable yield, presentation and high pickling qualities. The grade is recommended for salting.
Cucumber Director F1
Early ripe (from germination to fruiting, 43-45 days), parthenocarpic hybrid. A powerful plant with a well-developed root system. 2-3 fruits are formed in one node.
Fruits are cylindrical, large-tuberous, dark green, white-clawed, 9-10 cm long, 3-3.5 cm in diameter, weighing 65-80 grams, genetically without bitterness. The top of the fruit is green, does not yellow from the first to the last collection. Taste and product quality is excellent. Also for this hybrid is characterized by high shade and a long period of fruiting.
The hybrid is resistant to the cucumber mosaic virus, powdery mildew, cucumber vascular yellowing virus, and powdery mildew. Cucumber Director is recommended for cultivation in greenhouses: in the first turn - 3-3.5 rast./sq.m and, especially, in the second turn - 2.5-3 rast./sq.m, as well as in open ground. It is used both for fresh consumption, and for conservation.
Cucumber Yield Director: in the greenhouse 18-20 kg / m2, in the open ground 12-14 kg / m2.
And what varieties of cucumbers do you grow? Which ones are the most productive? And the most delicious, without bitterness? What varieties of cucumbers will you advise for Moscow region, Siberia, northwest?
Your reviews of cucumber varieties will help many gardeners to choose the best varieties and hybrids for planting. If possible, attach a photo.
Briefly about the main thing
When planting any culture should focus on weather conditions in the region. To do this, you can analyze the weather of previous years and make an overall picture, having determined the date. Then comes the process of waiting. As soon as the thermometer does not drop below + 5 ° C for 5-7 days, then it’s time to open the summer season. In the middle lane is approximately the month of May or the beginning of June. Still, sowing seeds for seedlings in the greenhouse is carried out 2-3 weeks before.
In parallel with this, the farmer needs to solve four important questions:
- landing place (garden, balcony or greenhouse),
- harvest time (one of the summer months),
- the duration of fruiting,
- for what purposes growing: salting, canning, selling or eating fresh cucumbers.
The gardener must calculate the approximate date of carrying the seedlings into open ground and count back from it 21 days. In total, it will be mid-March or early April. This will be the approximate sowing time for seedlings.
Having decided on these moments, the summer resident should pay attention to the features of some varieties of green stuff. For example, early varieties of cucumbers bear fruit for a relatively short period. At the same time, their fruits can suffer from various pests and sores. Yet the advantages of such crops include the fact that in 40-50 days you can enjoy the first harvest.
The taste of these hybrids and early ripening is special, because their skin does not give bitterness. Some of them can even be canned or salted. However, it is important to understand that in the middle zone they are threatened by diseases that affect cucumbers. Then the farmer will have to fight with real / downy mildew or bacteriosis. In view of this, it is important for one's land to select the right type of culture.
Some mistresses practice sowing half of their “plantations” with varieties just for salting, and leaving the second for universal or salad varieties.
The top five for the greenhouse
Most do not want to deprive themselves of the pleasure to eat green stuff, so they choose this method of growing them. Cool outside the window is not a reason to rest on your laurels, because in the greenhouse / greenhouse you need to have time to do a lot. They rush to choose the best varieties of cucumbers for their greenhouses. The main features of such "sprinter" growth is that the side shoots of the plant do not need to pinch. The shortened weaving forms a compact bush. It is not very lush, so moisture is not collected in its foliage. After all, because of it, the stem can begin to rot, and the greenery becomes covered with powdery mildew. Among the many bred hybrids worth highlighting 5-tb, which are well suited for the mission "Greenhouse".
"Murashka F1" - a favorite of many
This variety is a generalist in the truest sense of the word. He perfectly fructifies in any conditions: greenhouse, vegetable garden or balcony. In addition, not afraid of bad weather conditions. Fruits tied even on cool days. Since the greens have excellent taste, they can be used for blanks of a different plan. Culture is also valued for:
- early maturity (maximum 45 days),
- high yield, because more than 3 ovaries form near the leaves,
- visual appeal (thick bush grows medium size, not letting a lot of long shoots),
- original taste: unsurpassed flavor, crunchy flesh and lack of bitterness,
- dark green fruit (12 cm) is covered with black spikes, which are planted on large tubercles.
Such a characteristic makes this hybrid the first in the top five best varieties of cucumbers for the greenhouse. The age of seeds for sowing should be from 3 years and more. Before planting, it is important to disinfect them with a solution of potassium permanganate.
Germination varieties "Murashka F1" is very high, so the beds should be thinned. Otherwise, the plant will grow slowly. Moreover, a groove in the groove is made up to 5 cm.
"Emelya F1" - from the peasant to the prince
Initially, the breeders brought it as a salad sub-variety, but later many housewives began using fruits for canning / salinization. Hybrid "Emelya F1" easily endures cool cyclones, giving excellent yields in bad weather conditions. However, the ovaries, as well as the fruits, are developing more actively in rooms with heating systems. Characteristic features of this culture are:
- flowering - for women
- the laying of the ovaries beam type
- 40-45 days of the growing season
- branching moderate
- spindle-shaped fruit, 15 cm long and weighing 120-150 g (diameter up to 4 cm),
- thin skin and without taste bitterness,
- Krupnobugorchataya surface is covered with white spikes,
- shade - deep green,
- leaves slightly wavy with a smooth edge.
From one square meter a farmer can harvest from 12 to 16 kg of crop. However, it is important to ensure that no powdery mildew or a cucumber mosaic virus hits the leaves. This happens often with androgynous fruits.
Planting should be planted at a distance of 50-75 cm. Then the plant will be able to successfully develop in a greenhouse.
"Benefit F1" - the play is not over
From sowing to the appearance of full fruits, either 40 or 50 days can pass. At the same time, flowering (mostly female) is self-pollinated, without the intervention of insects. Each bosom of the leaflet has one pair (2 pieces) or a whole “quartet” (4 pieces) of the ovaries, 8 mm long. From them grow refined 10-centimeter Zelentsy oval.
From a small piece of land (1 m²) a farmer can get up to 6-8 kg of elegant gherkins. Behind the elastic fruit lies a delicate and sweetish taste. Zelentsy "Benefis F1" perfectly tolerate transportation and retain their properties during long-term storage. Many grow cucumbers for sale. The crop grows excellently in moist soils, which makes it resistant to the ruthless powdery mildew and root rot.
For seedlings their seeds are sown in late April. Transfer young seedlings on the land "land" experts recommend only a month later.
His styled "Alekseevich F1"
Despite such a loud title, these gherkins grow up to 8 cm in length. The girth of a miniature fruit in the form of a cylinder is not more than 4-5 cm. Nevertheless, many people prefer precisely the “Alekseevich” cucumber variety, because its yield is 14 kg / m². These greenhouses are suitable for pickling and salting. But for such purposes they need to be collected on time, when they are no larger than pickles or gherkins. Millions love them for unique features, namely:
- crust without tubercles and sharp thorns,
- not bitter
- Greens ripen almost simultaneously,
- germination is observed before all other species,
- fruits can be collected after 38-43 days after germination,
- tallness and branching average.
This culture bears fruit from May and almost until October. Inflorescences do not fall off and are rarely empty. Fruits grow smooth, not twisting.
For the successful fruiting of the variety, it is necessary to maintain the temperature in the room not lower than 12-15 ° C.
"Boy with a finger" comes from a fairy tale
The first fruits appear on the 40-45 day after sowing the seeds. Oval-shaped dark green cylinders covered with small spikes. The tubercles are not very clearly expressed. The peculiarity of this hybrid is that all cucumbers are the same size. The bush is so thickly hung with them that from the square. meters can collect up to 14 kg of such wealth. In addition, each individual instance will be:
- weighing 50-60 g (keeping all its juiciness),
- up to 10 cm long
- 3-4 cm in diameter (without dense skin).
In one bundle, the hostess will find up to 6 ovaries. It is noteworthy, but empty flowers come across very rarely. The bush has an impressive appearance, but the shoots are weakly woven and do not grow much.
As the fruits outgrow, they need to be collected on time, that is, every 2 days or more often. As soon as they grow up to 6-8 cm in length, they are recommended to be plucked.
What seeds to go to the garden?
The protected soil and the favorable microclimate of the greenhouse will not replace the plants with fresh air, nourishing rain, and the rays of the spring sun. Especially since with an overall land plot you can get an unlimited amount of appetizing product. Understanding this, you should know which types of cucumbers for open ground are the best. It is these seeds that you need to take with you when leaving in the spring to the garden.
April F1 - The Early Spring Bird
This hybrid is not afraid of cold weather. The emergence of the harvest can be observed at 45 or 55 days after the germination of the first shoots. Some gardeners begin planting seeds very early. In such cases, you must use the film to create a greenhouse effect.
Over the next 30 days, the ovary "together" are formed. However, the best performance recorded due to two factors: early planting and insect pollinators. Due to this, from his small plantation the farmer will harvest from 7 to 13 kg (from 1 sq. M) of harvest. These cucumbers are characterized by the following features:
- large size: 20-25 cm,
- optimum weight - from 200 to 250 g,
- tubercles are small and rarely located,
- spikes white,
- Zelenets does not turn yellow and does not outgrow.
Many people like to grow this crop, because it does not require special care. The bush has a compact form, because the branches themselves control the degree of their growth.
Planted seedlings in open ground is recommended for 15-20 days after sowing. Seeds deepen only 0.5 or 1 cm into the soil. You can make 2 parallel beds, between which there must be at least half a meter width.
"Masha F1", but without a bear
Among the 15 best varieties of cucumbers for growing in the middle lane, this is considered the leader in ripening speed. Only 35 days and a salad of fragrant gherkins will be an original addition to the festive table. Mass harvest is collected on the 40th day, which allows them to be canned. The result is that they are crispy and juicy. Distinctive features of the variety "Masha F1" are:
- correct, almost even shape of fruits (up to 10 cm),
- bumpy surface with large tubercles,
- sweet taste, without the slightest bitterness,
- high yield over a long period
- tolerance for adverse conditions.
Mosaic virus and powdery mildew bypass the culture side. However, white rot or anthracnose may appear on the leaves and stalks over time.
To avoid damage to the bush with diseases, one should fertilize the soil with mullein or humus, and also disinfect the seeds before planting.
"Competitor" to all the rest
The branches of this hybrid are so strongly developed that they can reach 2 meters in length. With the help of graceful antennae, the plant clings to fences or other structures. Yellow flowers are formed on the stems, which emit pollen. Within only a few hours, it is viable, so plant a crop preferably near an apiary. As a result, after 1.5 months you can go to the garden with baskets for harvesting, and so on for the next 3 months. These greenhouses have:
- oblong shape
- 12 centimeter fruit,
- weight about 120 g
- large bumps,
- long stalk (this is a bonus for the assembly),
- ribbed surface, painted with white stripes.
Sudden temperature drops adversely affect fruiting. In this regard, the site must be protected from such anomalies, using different devices.
"Spring F1" - a source of refreshment
It belongs to the category of middle-ripening varieties, since the first fruits on the stem can be picked on the 55th day after seed germination. The inflorescences of the plant are pollinated due to the active work of the bees. Up to three knots are tied in one bundle, and the stem itself can start up to 5 shoots. Zelentsy reach 12 cm, gaining weight up to 100 g. Outwardly, they look like barrels of a light green shade with small pimples. Since the black thorns are not very densely arranged, it is much more convenient to collect the fruits. These cucumbers retain their flavor characteristics even when salting, as well as canning.
To get about 25 kg of Zelentsov, you need to grow a variety in the trellis way. Otherwise, this figure drops to 5-7 kg.
"Ant F1" - this is not a detachment of Hymenoptera
About this hybrid variety of cucumbers you need to know that the stem does not allow long side shoots, so the bush is compact. Pollen flowering without the intervention of bees. The period of fruiting begins after 35 or more days. It used to be much earlier than other hides. Despite this, they bear fruit for a relatively short time. Externally, greenhouses resemble real ants, just under a magnifying glass:
- rare black spikes,
- smooth gradation of color from pale to swamp with pronounced white stripes near the nose,
- oval-cylindrical shape of the fetus,
- in a section happens to 4 cm,
- pulp density is average.
Of course, they are several times larger in size than insects - almost 11 cm. In one bundle up to 3-7 cucumbers are tied at once. Therefore, from a small plot, the summer resident can expect up to 12 kg of abundant harvest.
When growing them in a container, seedlings should be watered, maintaining the temperature in the room not lower than 12 degrees. It is desirable to transfer to the soil already at the order on seedlings from 3 to 5 leaves.
"Erofey" from the Russian hinterland
This real wagon is like for any culinary experiments. The variety amazes everyone with its paradox. On a thick, magnificently growing bush miniature Zelentsy "flaunt themselves" (only 6-7 cm). These oblong fruits are somewhat similar to chicken eggs, but with some differences. The peel has small tubercles and is decorated with symmetrical light green stripes. The type of flowering in the variety "Erofey" is mixed.
In open ground, seedlings are transferred at a temperature of + 15 ° C. In this case, the beds need to weed, removing weeds and loose soil. During the growing season does not need to neglect top dressing. It is worth watering the culture in the evening hours.
In addition to the above-mentioned varieties, many farmers have successfully "collaborated" with other hybrid varieties. Among them is the popular "Phoenix", for which on the garden it is necessary to build a temporary shelter from the film. But this is only at first. While the "Far East" withstands almost all the vagaries of nature.
Grow even in the shade
Separate descriptions deserve varieties of cucumbers, which are suitable for shady places. Each suburban area has a different degree of relief. Because of this, there are areas that are heated by the sun is not fully. They do not recommend planting peppers, tomatoes or eggplants. In this scenario, greenhouses virtually no space in the garden. To help gardeners came breeders. They brought out several varieties of cucumbers, which perfectly "get along" in shady areas. They need to get acquainted closer.
"F1 firm secret" found
A rather wet microclimate is created in the shade. The genetic characteristics of this hybrid make it protected from powdery mildew, as well as moldy fungus. In turn, only one or two flowers are pollinated on the stem. After 38 days, young fluffy fruits appear in their place. They grow to almost 14 cm and weigh about 120 g. A sharp nose and a thin cucumber neck harmoniously complement each other. Its greenish skin is covered with sparse and randomly scattered pimples. Растение в основном слаборослое, поэтому урожай спеет рано.
«Муромский 36» – адрес монастыря или завода
На границы огорода и сада можно без проблем высадить целый «проспект» из этой культуры. По истечению буквально 1,5 месяца зеленцы будут готовы к употреблению. Все же этот гибрид вывели исключительно для засаливания. К основным характеристикам сорта можно отнести следующее:
- relatively smooth surface covered with small tubercles,
- length not more than 8 cm
- in section it resembles an ellipse.
Up to 15 of August, the plant bears fruit at a heightened pace. Based on 1 square. m turns 4 kg. Still, then the leaves and stalks fall into fungal diseases, which is why the culture gradually disappears.
Harvesting should be carried out in a short time. The peel literally gets a yellowish tint per day. Therefore, they should be plucked as often as possible.
How are we dear "Moscow evenings F1"
The yield of this hybrid type is more than 16 kg per square meter. This is despite the fact that it grows in partial shade. For residents of the middle band, this sort of real find. Gorgeous fruit with several tubercles reaches 14 centimeters in length. The advantages of this culture are:
- female type of flowering (do not need pollination)
- shoots lagging heavily
- branches are located on a powerful stem,
- almost simultaneous ripening.
Yet these greenhouses are afraid of a sharp drop in temperature, so they are not suitable for the autumn-winter season.
You can grow them using the trellis method or build a base in the shape of a hut..
Private garden on the balcony
The gardener's instinct manifests itself in many townspeople. However, due to the tight schedule and remoteness of rural areas, it’s not so easy to turn your ideas into reality. This trouble is solved very simply. To do this, just pick the best varieties of cucumbers for the balcony. As a result, an unprecedented appetite will be played out from the crisp sound of nibbling from the greens of all neighbors.
"Swallowtail F1" - almost relatives of large butterflies
Balconies, verandas, loggias, as well as greenhouses can be a great place for this gherkin type. The elongated stem releases short sprouts that do not grow. Refined rough leaves look exquisitely in the home interior. Due to its excellent taste, cucumbers are suitable for both salads and pickles. From one node grows up to 10 Zelentsov, 7 or 11 cm long (60-100 g each). The diameter of the fruit is no more than 3.5 cm. But not only the “Machaon” possesses such characteristics. The following types of cucumbers “get along” perfectly with this culture:
- "Biryusa" "
- "Nezhensky local."
This description includes only 15 of the best varieties of cucumbers for the middle band, but there are tens of thousands in the world. Yet without the hard work of a gardener, any of them will simply wither.
Hybrid or variety?
Before you figure out what is best, you need to define each concept.
Variety usually represented by a group of plants that have their own characteristics. In addition to the external similarity, plants have a different genotype. This suggests that they are able to preserve the characteristics of the parents, that is, they can multiply annually with their own seeds.Hybrid derived by crossing different varieties. It is necessary to obtain plants with certain characteristics. Hybrids remove, if it is necessary to increase the keeping quality of vegetables, immunity to ailments. Such plants have the same genotype, and their seeds are not suitable for reproduction. Everyone knows which hybrids have advantages. They have the ideal size and shape of the fruit, have excellent transportability, bear fruit well, and are resistant to diseases. However, a hybrid is able to show all its positive qualities only with proper care and the creation of appropriate conditions for cultivation: fertile land, necessary air temperature, irrigation and fertilizer should be provided, and no weeds. Since hybrid plants are bred artificially, it is difficult for them to adapt to changes in the external environment.
Good varieties of cucumbers for open ground do not have such exaggerated requirements, are less picky and independent of agrotechnical measures: one missed watering or additional feeding will not affect the yield.
A huge advantage of varieties is the high content of nutrients, vitamins and trace elements, since these plants are much closer to wild than artificially derived hybrids. The advantages of varieties include:
- more pleasant taste
- the ability to multiply with your own seeds,
- unpretentious care
- the ability to adapt and adapt to changes in the external environment and climate,
- high content of vitamins and other useful substances.
- bee-pollination, which causes certain inconveniences,
- less fertility than hybrids.
Each gardener must choose what is more convenient for him - to buy seed, fertilizer annually, or to choose seeds from the garden and not pay too much attention to their care. However, it is always worth remembering that if there are plans for planting cucumbers for yourself and loved ones, it is better to give preference to high-quality vegetables.
What kind of cucumber is better for open ground
In the crop there is a separation of vegetable crops by varieties. The choice is determined by several factors: the purpose (eating raw, seaming, adding to salads, etc.), the method of cultivation (transplanting, normal), climatic conditions, soil type and more. Varieties of cucumbers for greenhouses and open ground are widely popular among summer residents and are actively grown on plots. There are the following popular classes suitable for planting in open ground:
- Zozulya - favorite gardeners class. The first gherkins appear after 1.5 months after disembarkation. Partially self-pollinated vegetable crops are considered the best, as they are resistant to sudden changes in temperature. Their feature is a good yield, even in low light, with the need for pinching and stading no longer required. At the initial stage of fruiting, the yield is up to 16 kg per square meter of planting, but during the month continues to increase to 20. Vegetables are cylindrical in shape, on average up to 24 cm in length and weighing up to 300 grams.
- Claudia is a self-pollinating species that does not need chemical treatment from insect pests. The vegetable is medium-sized, cylindrical in shape, the skin is dark green in color with sparse light stripes. On average, the mass of the ripened fruit is 80 g, and the size is up to 12 cm.
- Masha F1 is a parthenocarpic class capable of forming a vegetable without fertilization and pollination. The first yield in a month. The plant is demanding of light, with insufficient light, a decrease in the ovaries can be observed, so it is necessary to turn on the light if possible. Gherkin cylindrical, medium-sized with large bulges, tasty, not bitter, resistant to various diseases.
- Chinese climbing - late maturation class. The first harvest must wait almost two months. Shrubs with a mixed type of flowering pollinated by bees. Fruits on average reach a length of 13 cm, and weigh up to 130 g, the density is average. Its main advantage is resistance to powdery mildew and the ability to tolerate lower temperatures. The variety is versatile in use and has a good taste and appearance.
Species that are fast to harvest, are gaining popularity among gardeners, are resistant to changing climatic conditions and have good taste and yield. It is proved that this category of plants is characterized by the ability to fight diseases. Gherkins are distinguished by their versatility, suitable for use raw, do not lose their taste when salting and pickling. Among the varieties of cucumbers, popular for open ground, each summer resident chooses his favorite.
This subspecies is a hybrid group of seeds. Possesses high commodity and taste qualities, productivity, is pollinated by bees, differs in resistance to mealy dew. The bushes are strongly branched, the type of flowering is mixed. The average length of a ripe vegetable is 13 cm, weight is 100-108 g. Rare tubercles are located on the surface. It is recommended to plant from early spring to the first month of summer in heated soil. For good yields, frequent fertilizing with fertilizers, loosening the soil and timely watering are needed, the first crop appears on the fiftieth day.
This category is considered a hybrid, universal. It ripens early, the first crop is harvested after 1.5-2 months. The hybrid is suitable for growing at home on the balcony, because it is compact, unpretentious to the room temperature, has a pleasant taste. The plant is productive, with proper care can produce up to 13 kg of fruit per square meter. The gherkin has a cylindrical shape with small white spikes. Due to genetic features, it is not bitter, therefore it is popular among gardeners.
It is recommended to alternate such cucumbers with early and late species, in order to use the fruit constantly, until the first frost. Mid-season is more resistant to diseases than early, and fertilizers require much less than later ones. The seedlings of the average ripening period have the opportunity to build up a powerful root system, which will ensure a high level of yield.
This variety is one of the oldest, but no less popular, its name comes from the Ukrainian city. The average length of the whip is two meters. Vegetable belongs to the bee-pollinated species and bears fruit after 1.5-2 months, they are suitable for consumption raw, for preservation and salting, because they have a very high level of quality. The flesh is juicy, with a characteristic crunch, the taste is sweetish. The peel is thin, with knolls and small spikes black. Sprouts are disease-resistant, for which they are valued by experienced growers.
Nezhinsky recommended to land in open ground, covering the film. When planting in a greenhouse, it is not worth hoping for a big crop, since this type of plant needs natural pollination, and cucumber loops, due to its length, need a lot of space. Growing is possible by seedling and with the help of seeds. Pre-wetted seeds are recommended to be planted in the middle of May in heated soil. To achieve the best result, the culture is grown on ridges using trellis.
The variety belongs to the class of mid-ripened, bee-pollinated. The first fruiting occurs in 40-55 days from the moment of planting into the soil. Zelentsy of medium length, up to 15 cm, weighing 150-200 g. The peel of cucumber is light green, covered with a weak wax coating. The application is universal, the vegetable is used in raw form and for salting. The plant is able to develop a powerful root system, the foliage is not abundant, the shoots are resistant to drought.
Bush plants of this class sprout well only in the third year. Late maturing varieties for open ground are planted by growers for conservation or pickling. In total there are more than 80 species of plants, including the Dutch, the average time of ripening. It is necessary to buy seeds for planting with caution, it is necessary to purchase a small number of different items, so that after the ripening of fruits, independently evaluate their taste and external qualities. Some vegetables of the classes you like should be left to ripen on seeds.
Hybrid class pollinated by bees. Collection is possible in 1.5-2 months. Dimensions gherkins 16-20 cm, the average weight of 220 g are used for making salads. The pulp is aromatic, the seeds are small. The peel is dark green, covered with tubercles with small spines. Suitable for cultivation in the winter-spring period and is characterized by the ability to high yields, an average of 30-35 kg per square meter. It is proved that greengrass retains well freshness, so they are often sent for export.
Those plants whose fruiting occurs 32–44 days after you notice the first sprouts are usually attributed to this category.
- "Elegant". Treats bee-pollinated, the first cucumbers can be collected after 44 days. They have small tubercles, the length reaches about 13 cm, weight - 140 g. It differs in good frost resistance and is immune to olive spots. Both fresh and salted vegetables are delicious.
- "Delicious". Long scourge, oblong fruit, they are small bumps, painted in a dark emerald green color. Length - 12 cm. Characterized by high sugar content and dense flesh. Thanks to the small seeds are better suited for the preparation of pickles.
- "Spring". Refers to the bee-pollinating, there is no bitterness in the fruit. The mass of one - 120 g.
- "Pickling". Harvest can be in 41-46 days. Refers to the bee-pollinated. Cucumbers have a long shape, resembling a cylinder, with a large pimple, thin light stripes on a green background. Fruit length - 10–11 cm, weight - 115 g.
This category includes varieties, the ripening of fruit which occurs fairly quickly.
- "Murom 36". Fruits ripen within 35 days. Cucumbers are more often used for salting. Possess a smooth surface, small bumps. The length is about 8 cm, they are painted in a pale green color, egg-shaped.
- "Zozulya". The growing season lasts 45 days. Cucumbers are painted in a dark greenish color, resemble a cylinder in shape, a small number of hillocks are present. Not bitter. Have a strong immunity to various diseases. They have a pleasant taste, both fresh and pickled.
- "Kustovoy". The vegetation period is approximately 45 days. Cucumbers are green, length - 10 cm. Small tuberosity is inherent. Vegetable tastes good, resistant to many ailments. It has a good yield.
The most popular among mid-season:
- "Erofey". One of the most popular bee pollinated varieties. It is used both in fresh form and as pickles. The plant is branched, the fruits are small - their length is only 6-7 cm. The shape of the cucumber is ovate, slightly elongated and hilly. There is immunity to powdery mildew.
- "Nezhinsky 12". Easy to care, resistant to bacteriosis. Cucumbers are green, with large tubercles, pleasant to taste. Their length is 11 cm, the weight of one fruit is 80–110 g.
- "Far East 27". It tolerates drought. Fruits with white stripes, large pimples and excellent taste. The length of cucumber is 11-15 cm, diameter is 4–5 cm, weight is 150 g.
- "New Phoenix". Resistant to cold and dew. Not bad transfers any climatic conditions. Dark cucumbers, on them there are short blurry stripes.
Other selection criteria
There are many other criteria by which the selection of seed material.
Some growers choose self-pollinated varieties - plants have paired organs, so the pollination process can occur independently. We list the most popular self-pollinated cucumber varieties for open ground:
- "Friendly family"
- "White angel",
If you plan pickle cucumbers, pay attention to:
- "Moscow dude",
The most productive varieties of cucumbers for open ground:
- "Summer resident",
The huge variety of varieties presented on the shelves of specialty stores allows every summer resident to choose cucumbers that will satisfy all tastes and allow you to collect the desired harvest.