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Rose: description of the flower, group and variety with photo

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Groups of roses, their classification and representatives were the subject of study at school. The rose is probably the most divine flower (at least on the territory of our country, and of the entire post-Soviet space). This plant is not for nothing like almost all women. Unprecedented beauty and unique aroma made it unique, one might say, the queen among other flowers. What are the roses, the classification of culture and characteristics of groups, photos and other useful information - this and many other things are described in this article.

History of

The rose is truly one of the most elegant flowers. Possessing smooth lines, rich, deep shades and pleasant aroma, she won the main place in the hearts of all gardeners.

The story of the appearance of roses on Earth is very interesting. It is believed that in ancient times the goddess Flora lived, who loved the god Amur very much. It is thanks to her love that a flower, magical in its beauty and enveloping its scent, appeared. The rose symbolized for Flora joy and sadness from love at the same time.

Even in ancient Greece, the rose was considered to be a plant that can not only soothe the excitement of the heart, help the soul to be renewed, but also give happiness and long years of life. In ancient Rome, the streets of the city were decorated with roses during various celebrations. For the first time, Peter I brought roses to Russia, and later Catherine II also fell in love with them.

Rose description

The rose grows on all continents, it is rich in different varieties and forms. It belongs to the Rosaceae family, it is a collective notion of flowers, which originate from the genus of wild roses. Even in the region of the Arctic Circle there is this beautiful flower, here it is represented by a kind of a needle-like rose, and in the tropics a very delicate yellow rose blooms.

The height of a rose can vary from twenty centimeters in a miniature variety and up to six meters in roses, which have a long weaving and are most often grown in hot areas. Stems of roses can be covered with small, but prickly thorns or remain completely naked. The foliage of this flower is dense, bright, its colors vary depending on the variety: from light green to maroon.

Rosebuds can have a diameter of from one and a half to twenty centimeters, and the number of petals in them also varies - from seven in small flowers to seventy in dense-double varieties. The color of the buds is so diverse that it is difficult to even simply list all the shades that roses can have: they can be red, apricot, and even blue, as well as their shades.

Not all roses have a bright aroma, some may not smell at all. Others spread a smell around them that can only be compared with Oriental incense.

The classification of the plant "rose" in biology currently has more than fifteen thousand different types of roses. Some of the most common groups should be considered.

Description of the group Rugoza

This group of roses is a direct descendant of the common wild rose. Roses of this group have buds of different types - from simple to terry. Some varieties have more than a hundred petals in one bud. The main advantage of the group Rugoz in frost resistance. Most often, these roses are planted in parks, they do not require any shelter for the winter, which makes them versatile for decorating large areas of land. Most often, the roses of this group bloom once per season, but long enough (about one month). This group has the following classification: garden rose.

The most popular varieties of the group are Rugoza:

  • The Queen of the North - is represented by a bush of medium height (a little more than a meter), its leaves are pointed upwards, have a light green color. The buds themselves are painted bright pink, with an admixture of purple in color, with a diameter of about seven centimeters.
  • Parfum de Lay - has a very thick bush, one and a half meters high. The stems of these roses have sharp spines, and the buds are most often painted in a rich red color and have a diameter of about ten centimeters.

Description of the hybrid tea group of roses

The classification of roses into groups includes such a group, as the name implies, a hybrid tea rose. These roses are quite resistant to infection by diseases and attack of pests, but they do not tolerate winter, and therefore need reliable shelter. They bloom from about mid-June until the first frost (two or three times per season).

The size of hybrid tea roses varies depending on the specific type: from half a meter to a meter. The leaves of this group are very large, dense and dark. The flowers themselves have a color ranging from pale pink to rich burgundy. The diameter of the bud can be up to 14 centimeters, besides it can be both single and collected in inflorescences.

The classification of varieties of roses in the named and considered group is as follows:

  • Julius Rose - the stems of this variety stand vertically up and have a height of about 80 centimeters, which is why they are most often cut for bouquets. These are very beautiful flowers, with buds from five to seven centimeters, they have a slightly elongated shape. Coloring buds has a coffee shade.
  • Gloria Dey - this variety of roses is represented by shrubs, it is great for planting in large areas. The bush tends to spread over a space of about two meters, it is quite unpretentious and divorces well. The buds of Gloria have a diameter of up to fifteen centimeters and are the color of gold.

Description of the Floribunda Group

This group of roses turned out after crossing tea and polyanthus roses. As a rule, they are planted on borders and in flower beds. Plant height varies from forty centimeters to one meter. This group of roses is distinguished by semi-double buds that are gathered in lush hands. The buds have orange or bright red hues, most often in two or three colors. The scientific classification of the rose of the named group also exists in the same name.

The Floribunda group is very demanding on the ground on which it is planted. In this regard, the soil must be periodically fed with nutrients. These roses are excellently tolerated in winter, provided that they are safely sheltered from the weather.

Such varieties of Floribunda are very popular:

  • Margaret Merrill - the main feature of this variety is a very pleasant, spicy smell. The bush grows up to half a meter tall. The buds are bowl-shaped, are semi-double.
  • Angela - this shrub grows very quickly to a decent height (about four meters), it blooms continuously for the whole season. Angela has rose-colored buds that spread a delicate floral scent around her.

Grandiflora Group Description

Grandiflora is very reminiscent of tea roses, but it also took a lot from the Floribunda group. The stalks of flowers of this group stand vertically upwards, they reach a height of about two meters.

This group of roses perfectly resists frost, blooms for quite a long time. The color of the buds is very diverse, but the smell of this group of roses is almost there. This group is great for creating beautiful garden compositions, it is also grown for cutting into bouquets. The leaves of roses of this variety are very beautiful, shiny and large.

Grandiflora is beautifully grown not only on its own, but also on foreign roots. This group tolerates winter well and is disease resistant.

Such varieties of roses of this group are known:

  • Tchaikovsky - this variety is growing very well (it can be from half a meter to two meters) and blooms all summer long. The buds have a diameter of about ten centimeters and a delicate pink color.
  • Love - this variety grows to a height of not more than eighty centimeters. The beauty of its petals amazes - they have a rich red color inside, with a silvery outside.

Group Description Shraby

Peanuts are a group of roses, which are represented by shrubs, they are semi-variegated, are well used in any kind of gardening (both horizontal and vertical).

The classification of the plant "rose" of this group is divided into three classes:

  1. Nostalgic: here are the roses of the brands of England, partly of France and Germany. Especially popular rose varieties William Shakespeare 2000, it is considered one of the best red roses in the UK. The shrub of this rose has a height of slightly more than a meter; it is covered with small terry inflorescences of red color with a slight shade of purple.
  2. Canadian selection: roses of this variety are quite resistant to frost (even to forty degrees). The most popular is the Cuthbert Grant variety of roses - a small bush in size (just over a meter in height and about eighty centimeters in width). The flowers of this variety have a purple hue, they do not grow alone, but are collected in a single brush, about 7-9 pieces each.
  3. Ground cover: this classification of varieties of roses, in turn, is subdivided into high and low varieties, which perfectly creep, as well as very small and larger ones drooping. Very interesting rose varieties Sommermorgen - with its help you can very beautifully decorate the borders. Its bush reaches a height of just over half a meter, it is littered with small (up to five centimeters in diameter) terry buds, which have a pale pink shade.

Description of the polyanthus group of roses

The polyanthic group is distinguished as a result of crossing two types: Chinese rose and many-flowered. This group is characterized by small buds that are combined into inflorescences of shield shape. Buds can be both ordinary and terry. Their shades are varied: from white-boiled to bright saturated red. Roses of the polyantha group can be with or without pleasant aroma.

Roses bloom in this group long enough until late autumn. The height of the middle bush is small - about half a meter. Very low bushes of this group (about thirty centimeters) are grown only at home. This group of roses is easily affected by fungal bacteria. You can multiply them as a graft, and by cutting. The classification of roses with photos of this group is presented in this article. Moreover, below are examples of specific names of these colors for the group in question.

The classification of the common rose includes a polyanthus group that winters well even with minimal shelter. These roses are well decorated with borders, pastures and rabatki.

Such varieties of polyanthus roses are widely known:

  • Orange Triumph is a very lush and beautiful bush, on which are blooming red flower buds with a diameter of about five centimeters. The disadvantage of the variety is its weakness before fungal diseases.
  • Fae - has pale pink buds, the bush reaches a height of just over half a meter. Each of his brush is able to give forty buds, so that this rose looks very gorgeous.

Description of a miniature group of roses

As the name implies, the bushes of this group are quite compact, it is a low plant (from about ten centimeters to half a meter). The buds are located on the stalks alone or gathered in inflorescences. The classification of roses (with photos can be found below) of this group is composed of flowers that are very popular in Russia. These roses are popular, above all, a pleasant aroma, besides, the wealth of shades of the flower amazes the imagination.

Miniature roses bloom very long and abundantly, almost before the onset of winter. They grow well both on the open field and on the home window sill.

Very attractive look such varieties:

  • Little Sunset is a very small rose (no more than forty centimeters), having small terry inflorescences of golden color with red edges.
  • Lavender Meilandina - this variety of miniature rose reaches a height of half a meter, it differs in delicate lilac buds and small (about five centimeters) size.

Description of rose group

Climbing roses are bred by breeders as a result of the crossing of Chinese, Bengal and Indian roses. This type of roses is characterized by rather long and flexible stems, which sometimes reach six meters. They are great for placing on a pole. Climbing roses are extremely diverse, they are both double-colored and ordinary. The shades and shapes of the buds are also very diverse. The classification of roses (biology, grade 7) was studied in school years, but the group mentioned above was not in the school curriculum.

Many gardeners recognize this group as the queen of the garden, because these flowers most wonderfully fit into any landscape, they can be placed both horizontally and vertically. Climbing roses perfectly braid curbs, fences, they crawl well and on the walls, the roofs of low buildings.

This type of roses does not require any special care, the main thing is to cut and water them in time. They bloom almost continuously, from the end of May until the first frost outside. And in the conditions of the room, in the warmth, they delight the eye with beautiful buds all year round.

Popular varieties of climbing roses are:

  • Sympathy - the stems of this variety stretch in length to five meters and have fairly large purple buds (about ten centimeters) with terry flowering. They tolerate frost well.
  • Phoenix Hamburger - this sort of climbing roses has a bright crimson hue of buds, with small white patches. Stems stretch to a height of three and a half meters. This plant tolerates even a very harsh winter, and it is also well resistant to various diseases.

Description of the group of roses Patio (Miniflora)

Roses Patio appeared about thirty years ago, before they were part of the low-growing varieties of the Floribunda group. This group of roses is also characterized by relatively low growth (up to half a meter), they bloom profusely and often are planted both in their own gardens and on city lawns. Patio bushes have very dense foliage, moreover, they are represented not by single buds, but by lush inflorescences.

Roses of the Patio group have different shades: from pale white to bright scarlet. Particularly popular is this variety of this group, as Heidi Klum is a relatively small bush, on which small (about eight centimeters in diameter) buds with bright purple petals are located. It blooms for a long time and abundantly.

These roses look great both on a small border and in flower pots. For the design of flowerbeds, a variety with a pleasant fragrant aroma of Baby Baccarat is excellent; a variety of Babi Bakker is perfect for a room. Outside, roses of the Korsnod variety are perfectly accepted, besides, they do not require additional warming for the winter and resist diseases well.

Repair group of roses

This group (classification of roses, biology, grade 7) was derived back in 1634. This variety of roses was bred by breeders in France by crossing several species: Bengali, Asian, tea and local French. From their predecessors, this group of roses received frost resistance, multiple blooms, a fairly powerful stem and buds.

Reparative roses have bushes up to one and a half meters high, and sometimes even higher. The buds of such a rose are quite large (about ten centimeters), they have a wonderful thick aroma. Shades of roses are represented by pink and red flowers.

Remontant roses bloom from mid-summer, as a rule, in the fall their repeated, somewhat weaker flowering is observed.

Such varieties are especially popular:

  • Paul Neuron - represented by very large buds in the shape of a bowl. The stems of these roses are very strong and tall (about one and a half meters). The rose has a pleasant aroma, it blooms twice a season rather abundantly.
  • Frau Karl Druški - this rose is distinguished by the interesting pointed shape of a bud, its petals are terry, most often of snow-white color, slightly pinkish towards the top. The bush of this variety is very high, it blooms in early summer and late autumn.
  • Georg Dixon - a variety of roses with a thick aroma, very fragrant and attractive. The bush is straight, tall, and the buds have a bright red color.

Modern classification of roses

According to the structure of the flower roses are divided into simple and terry. They are distinguished by their flavor. According to the biological and morphological features, all roses are divided into garden groups - there are more than 30. When classifying a rose plant, the division criteria are the color, shape, size, flower terry, duration and abundance of flowering, height and shape of the bush, leaf structure, winter hardiness. The main groups: hybrid tea, floribunda, shrub, miniature, climbing, ground cover, patio, etc.

Having picked up suitable types, you with ease decorate a terrace or organize bright flower beds near a recreation area. One of the options for garden design can be roses, planted in containers. Containers can be transferred from one place to another, changing from time to time floral arrangements and thus adding a highlight to the garden.

Roses in container culture will also appeal to those who do not have a garden at all, because they can be grown on a balcony. For this fit miniature roses, compact varieties of floribunda roses, patio roses:

Amulett, Baby Romantica,

Lavender Meillandina, Honeymilk,

Heidi Klum Rose.

Неплохо будут смотреться в контейнерах и штамбовые розы. К тому же розоводам, у которых достаточно места для зимовки штамбов, очень удобно выращивать их в контейнере.

Плетистыми розами можно украсить вход на участок или в дом, беседку или другую зону отдыха, перголу, стену или забор.

В таблице приводится современная классификация роз, которые разделяют по форме и высоте куста на типы, в каждый из которых входит несколько классов, типам дается общая характеристика.

Название типов роз по форме и высоте куста

General characteristics of the type

Classes

Liana with creeping shoots that require support, or liana with hard, thick, drooping shoots, with spikes, clinging to the support. The height of the bush is from 1.5 to 4 m. Flowers are from 2 to 10 cm in diameter, simple or semi-double, collected in inflorescences. Single and repeated bloom

  1. Multiflora rose hybrids
  2. Hybrids of Rose Vihura
  3. Climbing Grandiflora
  4. Cordes Hybrids
  5. Klyminga different classes
  6. Climbing miniature roses

Spreading bushes with erect or arcuate drooping shoots, densely branched. The height of the bush from 1 to 3 m.
The flowers are small and large, simple, semi-large and double, solitary and collected in inflorescences. Blossom once and repeated from June to September

  1. Tall species roses
  2. Roses Alba
  3. Gallic Rose Hybrids
  4. Spinozissima Rose Hybrids
  5. Rose hybrids
  6. Damask roses
  7. Mossy roses
  8. Repair Roses
  9. Centihol roses
  10. Moyes Rose Hybrids
  11. Hybrids of rose rugosa
  12. Polupletnye roses
  13. English roses

Bushes are compact or sprawling.
The height of the bush is from 0.6 to 1.3 m. The flowers are from small to large, double, semi-double and non-double, single and gathered into inflorescences. Bloom repeated

  1. Hybrid Tea Roses
  2. Floribunda
  3. Grandiflora

Bushes are compact, strongly branched.
The height of the bush is from 0.35 to 0.6 m. Flowers are from 5 to 9 cm in diameter, of varying degrees of terry, gathered in inflorescences. Blooms profuse, almost continuous

  1. Polyanthus roses
  2. Mini flora, or rose patio

Bushes are compact and densely branched.
The height of the bush is from 0.15 to 0.4 m. The flowers are from 2.5 to 5 cm in diameter, simple, semi-double, double and double-meter, single and gathered in inflorescences. Abundant flowering, multiple

1. Miniature roses

Creeping and wide-spreading roses

Bushes with creeping or erect, strongly branched shoots, bushes with arc-visible-drooping shoots. Height is from 0,25 to 1 m. Flowers are from 1,5 to 9 cm in diameter, simple, semi-double, terry, collected in inflorescences. Blossom once and repeated

1. Ground Cover Roses

Roses are highly variable, often form natural interspecific hybrids, many of which are introduced into the culture. The homeland of some of them is China (Chinese roses), Asia Minor (Gallic roses), Armenia, Iran, Afghanistan (yellow rose), Far East, Southern Japan (wrinkled rose, or rugosa rose, multiflora rose, or multiflora rose). No matter what roses are, they always have a delicate, sweet aroma. However, the fragrances of this beauty have their differences. German scientist N. Miller identified 25 types of smells from roses. Smells have the widest range: from the aroma of violets to the aroma of flowers of the tea bush.

Composing the description of the rose plant, the scientists found that there is a relationship between its aroma and color: usually light roses smell faintly than dark ones. The weather also influences the aroma of roses: on a sunny and warm day, the scent of roses is much stronger than on a cool one. The intensity of the smell often depends on the type of soil. Selection work with roses has been going on for several centuries in many countries of Europe, Asia, America and Russia.

You can appreciate the diversity and beauty of the queen of the garden and once again be convinced of what kind of roses are spectacular and unusual, looking at the photo in the selection on this page.

What are the varieties of roses: names and photos

Garden rose has an incredible number of varieties. Such a wealth of forms, aromas and colors is not characteristic of any garden plant. Bushes are dwarf and tall, slender, tall, straight and arched. There is a huge variety of colors of roses, and what is most interesting, any, except blue and blue, natural, grown in natural conditions.

Such diversity gives the roses a tremendous pleasure and the ability to create almost any of the flower arrangements at will. Gardeners often combine a rose with other plants in their garden, but the most beautiful rose garden in itself.

Every year, the world market receives a large number of varieties of roses with a new description and improved characteristics, differing in unsurpassed colors, flower form, aroma, timing of flowering, winter hardiness, resistance to diseases and pests, etc.

Currently, the number of garden forms and varieties of roses exceeds 10,000. Deciduous and evergreen forms are encountered. They also differ in height (from 10–15 cm to 3–5 m) and the character of the stems (erect, sprawling and climbing). The shoots of roses are covered with thorns of various shapes and colors, thickness and hairiness.

Despite the huge selection of garden roses, flower growers from many countries of the world still create new varieties with original properties.

The table contains descriptions of the best varieties of roses, and below there are photos of some of them, the most famous and popular among gardeners.

1. Park roses

This group includes antique roses, including decorative rosehips. As the name implies, such plants are often used for landscaping parks and gardens, they look great in both single and group plantings. Park roses winter-hardy, rarely get sick and are not very picky in their care. They often decorate flowerbeds on the streets of cities.

These roses bloom early and abundantly, but they bloom for a short time and only once per season. However, the rich aroma of these flowers is truly intoxicating.

In decorative varieties of park roses, the flowers reach 10 cm in diameter, they are single or gathered in inflorescences of 3-6 pieces. Leaves - large, leathery, wrinkled. The height of a wide and dense bush is usually 1-2 m.

This group includes wrinkled rose (rugoza).

Varieties and hybrids:Grottendorst, Pink Grottendorst, Ritausma.

2. Repair roses

The main feature of these roses - re-bloom. On vigorous (up to 2 m high) upright and sprawling bushes in the second half of June large, fragrant, double flowers with a diameter of 8 to 16 cm bloom. Most often they are red, pink, beige, white or yellow. In July and August, remontant roses bloom again, though not so abundantly.

These roses are winter-hardy, but in harsh winters they can still freeze slightly, so they require shelter. In addition, they are prone to fungal diseases.

Varieties and hybrids:Georg Arends, Georg Dickson, Paul Neuron, Frau Karl Druški, Hugh Dickson.

3. Hybrid Tea Roses

These popular roses are descended from heat-loving Chinese tea roses, crossed with remontant ones. Thanks to this, we managed to get flowers that exceeded all the known species and varieties by their characteristics.

In the middle zone of Russia, hybrid tea roses bloom in the second half of June and do not cease to please with their lush, double flowers of various colors, which are located on the stem singly or are collected in small inflorescences until the very frost. The height of the bush - from 60 to 150 cm.

Hybrid tea roses are thermophilic, demanding to the place of growth. Often they are affected by disease and pest attack. However, with proper care and good winter shelter, they bloom profusely throughout the summer.

Varieties and hybrids:Angelique, Athena, Black Baccarat, Gloria Dei, Duftvolke, Mainzer fastnacht, Nostalgie, Limbaugh, Sonia.

Sometimes a group of grandiflora (large-flowered roses) is isolated separately. As a rule, it includes tea hybrid roses. The most popular variety is Queen elizabeth.

4. Polycanthus roses

On low, dense and strongly branching bushes in mid-July, a lot of medium-sized roses (up to 6 cm in diameter) are bloomed, gathered in inflorescences of 20-100 flowers. They can be both simple and terry.

Polyantovye roses bloom until late autumn, their flowers in cut form can stand for up to 15 days. Coloring can be white, pink, red, orange. And polyantovye roses are distinguished by the fact that they have almost no thorns.

In the middle band, the bushes of these roses require light cover. They can also be grown in the Urals and Siberia.

Polyanthus roses are most often used in group plantings and borders, and some low varieties (for example, Muttag and Dick Koster) suitable for growing in containers.

Varieties and hybrids:Border King, Gloria Mundi, Yvonne Rabier, Cameo, Orange Triumph.

5. Floribunda Roses

These floriferous roses are the result of the crossing of dwarf polyanthus roses with hybrid tea. Their flowering is not only abundant, but also continuous (from July to late autumn), continuous. Flowers can be both simple and terry. They are quite large (shape and size similar to hybrid tea roses) and are collected in inflorescences. The height of the bush can vary from 30 to 100 cm.

Floribunda roses are characterized by high winter hardiness and disease resistance.

Varieties and hybrids:Iceberg, Galaxy, Diadem, Georgette, Zorin, Carte Blanche, Lily Marlene, Niccolo Paganini, Nicole, Sangria, Frisia, Shocking Blue.

In the floribunda group, undersized roses are distinguished, called patio (they are mini floribunda, or mini-flora). They do not exceed 50 cm in height and are most often grown in containers or in the foreground of borders.

6. Miniature roses

This is a small copy of garden roses. Dense bushes up to 40 cm in height with small double flowers of the most diverse colors (from greenish to violet) are often grown in indoor conditions. Here roses can bloom all year long almost continuously. And in the open ground miniature roses bloom from May to late autumn and for the winter they require light cover.

Miniature roses look great in rocky hills, rock gardens and borders, and they are also used to create boutonnieres to decorate hairstyles or holiday outfits.

Varieties and hybrids:Baby Masquerade, Denise Cassegren, Hummingbird, Mandarin, Star & Strips, Zwergkening.

7. Ground Cover Roses

This group combines creeping shrubs with densely leafy long shoots (up to 4 m), which densely cover the soil. Flowers may be simple, double or semi-double, small or medium. Most varieties of ground cover grow with long and abundant flowering. Such plants do not require special care and are resistant to fungal diseases.

Groundcover roses are used for landscaping slopes and creating standard roses of a weeping form.

Varieties and hybrids:Alba Mayan, Besi, Gold Carpet, Ondela, Snow Ballet, Swoni, Fairy.

8. Climbing Roses

These roses have small flowers (2-5 cm in diameter), collected in large inflorescences, and long, creeping shoots, which require support. Therefore, climbing roses are usually used for vertical gardening: they are decorated with pergolas and arches.

Climbing roses are usually divided into 2 groups:

  1. Small flowers (ramblers) - with shoots up to 5 m long, with odorless small flowers that bloom once.
  2. Large blooms (climber) - with larger flowers, resembling hybrid tea roses. During the summer, they may bloom again.

Varieties and hybrids:Dorothy Perkins, New Dawn, Rosarium Yuthersen, Flamentants, Schwanensee, Excels.

Previously, a separate group was allocated semi-woven roses - intermediate between climber and hybrid tea or floribunda roses. Now they are often referred to as shrubs.

9. Bush Roses (Scrubs)

This group combines powerful rose bushes, which are distinguished by high growth, abundant and long, but single flowering and good resistance to adverse growing conditions. This group also includes large wild rose bushes and English Austin roses - with dense flowers with a rich aroma.

Varieties and hybrids: Abraham Darby, Graham Thomas, Bear, Rhapsody in Blue, Rococo, Charles Austin, Hans Park, Chippendale, Charlotte.

***
How to grow roses of different groups, read our articles.

Rose classification

Rose classification - division of roses into classes and conditional groups, based on the principles of the use of roses in the garden.

The history of roses has more than one millennium. During this time, a huge number of species and varieties of roses. Only annually the breeders of the world produce about 300 new varieties of roses. To understand this variety of roses, it is necessary to classify them.

Initially, roses were classified on the basis of data on their origin. Later it became clear that most of the varieties of roses are morphologically similar to none of the existing natural species. A new classification of roses was needed, and in 1966 the International Society of Gardeners (Professionals) commissioned the American Rose Society to create a single modern classification of roses. The basis of the classification was taken not only data on the origin (as it was before), but also sustainable garden signs, that is, biological and decorative features of cultural forms and varieties. The World Federation of Rose Societies in 1976 at Oxford approved the new classification as the most functional. This classification was based on the use of roses in the garden. In early September 1999, a conference was held in Moscow of the Interregional Public Organization “The Society of Rozovodov,” at which the international classification of roses was adopted and recommended for professionals and amateurs.

The classification is very conditional: sometimes the varieties of roses that belong to the same group differ greatly in their biological characteristics.

All roses are divided into:

  • wild,
  • old garden
  • modern garden.

Groups of old garden roses:

Alba, or alba rose hybrids - Hybrid Alba (abbr. HAlba)

Brakteata, or hybrids p. Bracteata - Hybrid Bracteata (HBiact., HBc.)

Chinese (Bengal) - Hybrid China (HCh.)

Eglanteria, or hybrids p. eglanteria (syn. r. rubiginosis) - Hybrid Eglanteria (HEg.)

Gallic, or hybrids p. gallica (french roses) - Hybrid Gallica (HGal, G.)

Sempervirens - Hybrid Sempervirens (HSem.)

Setigera - Hybrid Setigera (HSet.)

Hybrids p. Thetis - Hybrid Foetida (HFt.)

Today, among connoisseurs, the interest in old roses is experiencing a real boom. The masterpieces of antiquity that decorated the gardens hundreds of years ago are back in fashion.

Roses Floribunda

Floribunda roses varieties were obtained from the crossing of Polyanthus roses with Hybrid Tea and Musk. The Floribunda group includes all varieties, the flowers of which occupy an intermediate position between the Poliantov and Hybrid tea. In this group, therefore, one can meet both low curb varieties (40 cm), and medium-sized (60-80 cm), and high (1 m and more).

The flowering of Floribunda roses is abundant and longer than that of tea-hybrid, in some varieties continuous. They are characterized by good winter hardiness and disease resistance.

These roses have a huge variety of colors. Sometimes they are superior in brightness to hybrid tea. Flowers in size (d 4-8 cm) are smaller than those of Hybrid tea, and most importantly, are collected in inflorescences of various sizes. In landscaping, they undoubtedly own the first place.

In foreign trade catalogs, Floribunda varieties often appear as “roses with inflorescences”, “spray roses with inflorescences”, “hybrid-polyanthus” or “flowerbed roses”.

Roses Grandiflora

These roses are the results of crossing Floribunda with tea and hybrid roses. The structure and size of the flower they are similar to the tea-hybrid, but differ in abundant flowering, as among the representatives of the Floribunda group, the large size of the bushes and the best winter hardiness. To some extent, an arbitrary garden group, the selection criteria in which are subjective. Grandiflora group was singled out after the appearance of Queen Elizabeth in 1954.

The Grandiflora group in many European countries is not recognized and the varieties included here are attributed mainly to the Floribunda group.

Roses Schrub or Modern Schrub

This group includes semi-woven forms and powerful high upright shrubs. Varieties that belong to this group, combines the possibility of using both vertical and horizontal gardening. Earlier in the Russian version, these roses were called Polupletistie. Already then, the authors - the scientists of the Main Botanical Gardens described the term as conditional, because the group included not only semi-woven forms, but also upright growing ones. However, the English name of the group Shrub (in the lane - shrub) was even more conventional and highly unsuccessful. After all, all roses belong to the shrub plants. The term Shrub Roses generally accepted in ornamental gardening in England and the United States does not mean “shrub roses”, but all varieties that form tall, strong bushes. As a result, in order to avoid confusion, the entire world community of rose growers began to call this group Modern Shrub, thus indicating at least the modern origin of the varieties, since their other parameters vary greatly.

Sometimes modern park roses use the name, which can also be misleading: “park roses” is a Russian-language term for roses that hibernate safely without shelter, the majority of European-selection scrubs in Russia require at least the simplest shelter.

In the XXI century, in the officially accepted classification, the English roses of the breeder D. Austin, as well as some varieties of park roses of complex hybrid origin, belong to the group of semi-varieties. As a result, none of the specialists undertakes to give a general description and assessment of this group of diverse origin and morphological features.

Group Mini Flora, or Patio

This group received official status quite recently. Low-growing varieties (45-55 cm) Patio roses are intermediate between Miniature (for them the bushes, flowers and leaves are too large) and Floribunda roses. Именно мода на размещение горшков с розами во внутренних замощенных двориках-патио и дала название новой группе. Густые, компактные кустики имеют более мелкие цвети, чем у Флорибунда (одиночные или собранные в соцветия). Рекомендуются для бордюров и садовых контейнеров. Цветут обильно и почти непрерывно.

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