Chestnut is a unique tree growing on our planet. In addition to the fact that the plant has healing properties, it absorbs exhaust gases to a large extent, which poison the air of large cities, neutralizing the negative effects of radiation, which in our time is not superfluous. In folk medicine bark, leaves, fruits and chestnut color are used. The healing properties of this tree are known to man since ancient times.
Chestnut, which we are going to talk about today, is called horse. Probably, the tree received such a name because of fruits that are not edible (unlike chestnut nuts of other species from the beech family). Another version of the appearance of this name suggests that the mature fruit in its brilliance and color resemble the color of a bay horse. The epithet “ordinary” is often applied to horse chestnut.
Chestnut is a deciduous monoecious tree or shrub belonging to the Beech family. Its height can reach 50 m. The trunk is covered with a brown bark with a brown shade of thick bark with deep furrows. Leaves are short branch, spiral-two-row, broadly-lanceolate. On top, they are pointed in the shape of a heart or wedge. Earrings are thin, 5-15 cm long, containing mostly staminate flowers, and pistillate ones are located at the base.
The color of chestnut, whose medicinal properties are widely used in traditional medicine, appears in May. Nectar of flowers contains up to 75% sucrose. Fruits are spike tricuspid boxes of green color. Sometimes they are called cocoons. They open on the doors and have a large seed inside. In September, the fruit fully ripen.
Seeds have the form of spherical triangular wavy cotyledons having a large white germ. It contains a large amount of starch. In the leathery thin shell of nuts are the remnants of the columns and perianth. Nuts have an ovate-spherical shape, they are in contact with each other with flat sides. Many insects, collecting pollen and nectar, pollinate the plant.
Trees belonging to the horse chestnut genus, in natural conditions, grow in the south of Europe, in East Asia, in the north of India.
In Europe, it began to be cultivated in the 16th century in parks and gardens as an ornamental plant. Chestnut grows well on loose and deep soils - sandy or clay, moderately moist. It tolerates dry chernozem soils in steppes, in saline soils it takes root poorly. The tree is sensitive to dry winds, so often in the summer the leaves burn strongly and fall prematurely. At the latitude of Moscow, in very cold winters, it freezes slightly, however, as in St. Petersburg, but in well-protected places grow large and richly blooming. Under favorable conditions, horse chestnut lives up to 300 years.
Healing properties of chestnut
Chestnut treatment has long been used by traditional healers. The raw materials used are seeds, fruits, bark, leaves, chestnut color. In traditional medicine, the most popular fruits and plant color, which are often used in official medicine. They are used in the manufacture of drugs for varicose veins. This is not at all surprising. Chestnut is a potent agent that effectively dilutes the blood and prevents blood clots. When ingestion has analgesic, antispasmodic and anti-sclerotic effect.
Bark, seeds, chestnut color (photo can be seen in the article) have astringent, antipyretic effect. Therefore, they can be used in the treatment of gout, bronchitis, rheumatism, cholecystitis, and digestive disorders. But the most important medicinal properties of horse chestnut flowers are in the treatment of various vascular diseases, because this plant significantly reduces the capillary permeability, increases their tone, promotes the resorption of blood clots that have already appeared.
What is escin?
Traditional healers claim, and representatives of traditional medicine in this matter support them, that chestnut is a storehouse of useful substances. But the most beneficial effect on the human body has escin - a unique substance that is contained only in this plant.
This component acts on the human body diversely. First of all, it should be said that escin stimulates the production of adrenal hormones. They are responsible for resistance to stress. In addition, it is a powerful anti-inflammatory agent.
Medicinal properties of horse chestnut flowers
These fragrant cones appear on the trees in May, the peak of flowering is observed at the end of the month. This time is most favorable for collecting and drying flowers, making decoctions from fresh raw materials.
Chestnut flowers have many beneficial properties:
- strengthen the immune system
- increase the elasticity of the venous walls and capillaries,
- stimulates the production of hormones that produce the adrenal glands,
- increase stress resistance
- have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and antiseptic effects,
- normalizes metabolic processes and blood circulation,
- relieve the symptoms of mastitis and mastopathy,
- excrete salt deposits, heavy metals, radionuclides,
- support the digestive tract and normalize intestinal motility,
Chestnut color - use and contraindications
Many traditional healers recommend drinking an extract of chestnut flowers in the spring for 2-3 weeks. After a long winter, when the body is weakened, such an infusion will have a powerful restorative effect, increase immunity.
Flowers, of course, can be dried and stockpiled for future use, because healers recommend drinking this remedy twice a year. Therefore, in the spring it can be prepared from fresh flowers, and in the fall or winter - from dry raw materials.
Before you start talking about treatment, we want to warn you that all medicinal plants, along with their healing properties, also have contraindications, which, if taken alone (without consulting your doctor), can be harmful to your health.
Horse chestnut is not recommended for pregnant women, people suffering from kidney disease, having a stomach ulcer and reduced blood clotting, which is characteristic of diabetes.
Chestnut flowers - healing and healthy nearby
In May, chestnut flowers become the decoration of our cities, their red and white candles look beautiful and elegant. Chestnut is attractive not only for its beauty, but also for its healing properties. Official medicine uses the fruits of this tree for the preparation of drugs such as "Eskuzan", "Anavenol" and many others. These drugs are used in the treatment of hemorrhoids, varicose veins, thrombophelitis, and peripheral blood supply disorders. Traditional medicine applies not only fruits, but also chestnut flowers, its leaves, bark, in general, everything except the root.
The chestnut flower has a pyramidal inflorescence. The inflorescence is cut, remove the column and dried. After this, an infusion of dried flowers is prepared, which should be infused for 12 hours. On the day must be taken from one to one and a half liters of infusion. Flowers chestnut well help with increased blood clotting, the infusion is used to strengthen blood vessels.
Flowers are used to make tea, which has a calming effect. To prepare such tea, it is enough to take some dried flowers and pour boiling water over them. After the composition infuses about 15 minutes, add a little more pure boiled water to it, and you can use it. It is better to do this at night, you can drink tea with honey.
Often used and the juice obtained from fresh flowers of chestnut. It is mixed with vodka in a ratio of 1: 3. This tincture is best taken in the winter, when there is a lack of vitamins and minerals. To better digest the infusion, it must be taken with sweet jam or honey.
Chestnut flowers are used to prepare the decoction, which is used to treat blood diseases. As an additional means, the infusion is used in the treatment of a brain tumor.
Practicing the use of chestnut flowers with lilac flowers, this combination gives a very good result in the treatment of radiculitis. In this case, use the tincture of flowers, which pound sore spots. Also, this tincture is good for various rheumatic, arthritic and gouty pains.
The use of juice from chestnut flowers helps in the treatment of thrombosis and varicose veins. Long-term use of this juice can significantly ease hemorrhoidal pain, and at the initial stage of the disease - and at all, to defeat it. Tincture from the juice of flowers is used for uterine bleeding that occurs during the onset of menopause or for other reasons, but not associated with the formation of malignant tumors. Also, this decoction successfully helps to fight radiation sickness.
Like other folk remedies, preparations made from chestnuts, including flowers, should not be used thoughtlessly and in unlimited quantities. Treatment should be carried out under the supervision of a specialist.
Chestnut, the flower of which is used in medicine, has other useful properties, the raw material of this tree has found its application in many other industries. Chestnut has soft wood, which is very much appreciated when performing woodcarving, it is well colored even with transparent paints and varnishes. The fruits of chestnut are used in fattening animals, pigs and sheep love them very much. Since chestnut is a rather shade-tolerant tree, it is widely used in the organization of park areas, as well as in landscape gardening.
With the help of research it has been established that this tree very well purifies the air from exhaust gases, therefore it is planted in cities. Chestnut flowers are also an excellent honey plant; they produce a lot of pollen and nectar. Chestnut nectar contains about 70% sugar. Honey turns transparent, crystallizes very quickly.
Horse chestnut healing properties and contraindications
Nature gives many plants that contribute to the maintenance of health and can be cured of various ailments, for example, horse chestnut, healing properties and contraindications of this plant are known to a large number of people.
For many centuries, this plant has been used to treat the most complicated ailments.
That is why there are dozens of ways to prepare medicinal decoctions and tinctures from this product. However, in order to have a decoction or tincture really healing properties, it is necessary to understand how to properly prepare, store and collect it, as well as what it is to be afraid of in this process.
To begin with, horse chestnut came to us from the distant Balkan islands. Today, this plant can be found in almost any yard. In addition, it is fairly easy to adapt to any climate, he is not afraid of either frost or intense heat.
Important! The only thing that is always worth remembering before collecting the fruits of this tree is that it is absolutely impossible to use chestnuts that grow along the road. Otherwise, you can only harm your health.
It should be noted that horse chestnut has a very extensive effect, it can be used for the treatment of legs, as well as for other purposes. Although, this plant can also be used as a decorative element.
Horse chestnut fruits
It is known that many companies in Germany and Bulgaria use this plant to create highly effective drugs. This is possible due to the fact that the composition of horse chestnut includes many useful elements.
Important! To begin with, for the preparation of medicinal tinctures, creams and balms, you can use not only the fruit of the tree, but also seeds, flowers and even bark. Each of these materials has its own separate group of flavonoids.
That is why, creating a particular tool, you should know in advance what properties the components that are part of it have.
Chestnut prevents blood clots
This plant is very effective in reducing blood viscosity, thereby preventing the formation of blood clots.
That is why almost all drugs that help in the treatment of varicose veins, thrombosis or other vascular diseases, are prepared on the basis of horse chestnut.
Varicose veins are treated with chestnut-based ointments.
By the way, many are interested in the question of why chestnut can not be used as food. Here the answer is quite simple: the fact is that its seeds contain not only starch, but also bitter glycoside. They are considered to be poisonous to the human body. Based on this, it is easy to conclude that this plant has the name "horse chestnut", this suggests that it can be used in cattle or horses, but it is forbidden to man.
There is no doubt that horse chestnut has certain medicinal properties, but in order for it to definitely help, you should know the technology of collecting the plant, as well as the mechanism for preparing medicinal decoctions and tinctures, then their application will be as useful as possible.
What are the contraindications for use?
Horse chestnut can not be used under reduced pressure
As mentioned above, horse chestnut has many useful properties, but there are also contraindications to the use of drugs prepared on its basis. Here are the main ones:
- Preparations made on the basis of horse chestnut, contraindicated for people with low blood pressure. This is due to the fact that the horse chestnut itself contributes to a decrease in pressure. Therefore, after its use, there may be a deterioration of health in people who already have low pressure.
- It is undesirable to use horse chestnut-based drugs for people who have problems with blood clotting, especially if there are concomitant diseases such as diabetes or thrombocytopenia.
- And of course, you can not be treated with horse chestnut, if you find any internal bleeding. Otherwise, the state of health may become worse.
Diabetes mellitus - contraindication to chestnut
Important! In addition to all the above contraindications, it should be remembered that it is impossible to collect raw materials in environmentally hazardous areas. All materials that are used for the preparation of medicinal decoctions, tinctures, creams, should be collected only in a clean place, otherwise the medicine can harm the body even more.
If you follow all these rules, then horse chestnut will definitely help, because its healing properties are really very broad, and, of course, do not forget that there are also contraindications to the use of medicines prepared on the basis of this plant.
How are chestnut flowers useful?
Chestnut is a deciduous plant of the Beech family, with a spreading crown and large leaves. In May, large, bisexual, bell-shaped flowers of white or pink-white color appear on its branches, along the edges with fringed petals.
They are neatly connected to erect, racemes with a two-layer floral coloring.
Chestnut flowers are fragrant, aesthetically attractive cones with a huge range of healing properties. The chemical composition is represented by B vitamins, ascorbic acid, tannins, carotenoids, flavonoids, which have an anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, sedative, rejuvenating effect.
They are used to:
- strengthening the immune system and enhancing the protective functions of the body,
- active formation of hormones that are produced by the adrenal glands,
- cleansing of organs, excretion of slags, toxins, salt deposits,
- increase stress resistance
- normalization of sleep, getting rid of insomnia,
- normalization of the digestive system, gastrointestinal tract,
- relieving the clinical symptoms of mastitis,
Is there any harm?
Chestnut flowers, along with high healing properties, in some cases can be harmful. Contraindications to their use are:
- bleeding tendency,
- blood clotting diseases,
- kidney disease
- stomach ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
Choosing the right place
Since chestnut flowers tend to actively, in large quantities absorb exhaust gases, harmful substances, toxins that poison the air in large cities, on highways, near factories, it is necessary to collect raw materials away from such places.
The best option would be landing, located outside the city, in villages, towns and other environmentally friendly, safe places.
Flower procurement rules
Заготовку сырья осуществляют в конце мая, начале июня. Цветки можно обрывать по отдельности либо вместе с ветками, однако очень важно сохранить их полностью целыми.
Собранное сырье рекомендуется высушить. Для этого:
- соцветия раскладывают тонким слоем на чистом бумажном листе или пергаментной бумаге и располагают под лучами солнца,
- dried raw materials for 3-4 days, periodically turned over,
- when the flowers become brittle and begin to crumble, they are put in a paper bag and stored in a dark place at a temperature of 18-22 ° C.
Dried chestnut flowers have a pleasant, slightly tart flavor and a sweetish aftertaste, so they are perfect for making delicious infusions, decoctions and medicinal teas.
Is it necessary to harvest
Chestnut inflorescences are characterized by unique properties that allow to achieve positive results in the treatment of diseases associated with the defeat of veins, hemorrhoids, skin ulcers, endarteritis, etc. The beneficial effect is not only freshly harvested raw materials, but also dry inflorescences harvested in time. Dried properly plants in their useful properties and valuable chemical composition is not inferior to fresh flowers and also successfully used in traditional medicine.
What is useful fresh juice
An excellent tool for the prevention and treatment of colds, bacterial and viral diseases, strengthening the immune system is fresh juice from inflorescences. It allows:
- strengthen the immune system
- increase the body's resistance to viruses, bacteria and infections,
- strengthen the walls of blood vessels
- prevent diseases of the cardiovascular system.
To make juice, you should:
- flowers, washed with clean water, grind in a blender to a state of gruel,
- squeeze the resulting mixture using a sieve or pieces of gauze,
- pour the juice into a clean glass container, put it in the fridge.
It is recommended to apply the agent daily 3 times a day, 30 minutes before a meal, 1 tsp, diluted with water. The course is one month. Regular consumption of juice will allow you to rejuvenate the body, calm the nervous system, to establish sleep.
Cooking infusion (decoction)
Not less useful features has an infusion of chestnut flowers. It is prepared according to this recipe:
- g of dry raw materials pour 0.5 liters of boiling water, insist 2-3 hours.
- Infusion filter, use 150 ml in the morning and evening.
Often inflorescences insist on a water bath. To do this, 50 g of raw material is poured 250 ml of boiling water, put in a water bath and roasted for 20 minutes. Cool and filter. In this form, the product is more concentrated, so use it on 1/3 cup twice a day.
For the purpose of treatment, chestnut inflorescences are used to prepare various preparations, including cream, which makes it possible to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, restore the integrity and structure of the skin. Also, the tool serves as an excellent prevention of varicose veins, makes it possible to restore skin tone.
The technology of preparation of the cream is simple:
- Pre-cook the extract, insisting the flowers on alcohol. You can, as an option, grind fresh inflorescences to a state of gruel.
- Two teaspoons of extract or fresh gruel mixed with a small amount of baby or any fatty cream.
The finished cream is recommended to apply on the damaged and diseased areas twice a day.
Flower based ointment
The ointment prepared on the basis of flowers will eliminate venous diseases, relieve puffiness, inflammation, reduce pain in the joints. To make it you need:
- 50 g of flowers chop and pour 300 ml of vegetable or olive oil,
- put the flower-oil mixture on the fire and simmer for one hour, avoiding "violent" boiling,
- cool the mixture, pour into a clean glass container.
Ointment is recommended to rub with venous dilation, burns, skin ulcers. Make compresses with hemorrhoids.
Methods of application of therapeutic forms
Horse chestnut-based folk remedies are effective, affordable and inexpensive. However, in order for it to benefit, healing agents must be used correctly, strictly following the dosage.
- Tea. Prepare a drink just like regular tea: dried herbs pour boiling water, insist 15 minutes. Use tea 2-3 times a day. It activates metabolic processes, strengthens the walls of blood vessels, has a tonic and calming effect.
- Decoction. Perfect for normalizing the nervous system, improving the stability of blood vessels, slowing blood clotting, strengthening the immune system. Drink decoction to ½ cup a day, morning and evening.
- Fresh juice. It is recommended to consume with inflammation of hemorrhoids, varicose veins in the legs. Drink juice 1 tbsp. l after meals, 3 times a day.
- Tincture. The crushed raw material is poured with vodka or alcohol, insist for two weeks. Apply tincture of 25-35 drops before meals 3 times a day. The tool is great for rheumatism, arthritis and arthrosis.
Outwardly, chestnut flowers are used in the form:
- cream. To restore the structure of the skin, with burns and wounds, to strengthen the walls of blood vessels, with venous expansion. Apply a thin layer of cream on painful areas several times a day,
- ointment. Excellent relieves inflammation, pain in the joints, eliminates venous dilatation. Ointment is rubbed into the affected areas 2-3 times a day,
- compresses. Helps to improve skin tone, heal wounds and ulcers, reduce joint pain. Use as applications on places of swelling of veins, mastopathy,
- baths. Baths with the addition of a decoction of flowers are great for the treatment of venous diseases, healing of wounds and burns, relieving nervous tension. Such procedures have a tonic, calming effect, normalize sleep, help to overcome stress. Bath should be taken once a week, the duration - no more than 20 minutes.
Horse chestnut is a unique, healing and stunningly beautiful plant that can be useful in treating many ailments. Decoctions, infusions, compresses, ointments of flowers have the most valuable properties that make it possible to achieve excellent results in the fight against diseases. But it is important to remember that you need to take funds in moderate dosages, after consulting with your doctor.