In the people it is often called a spot. It looks like a fern or moss, but is neither. Its origin is an ancient family of moons. Thin branches densely covered with needle-like leaves. Caring for selaginella at home is specific, but not very difficult.
Appearance and features
Scaffolding grows in the subtropics and the tropics. Usually settles in wet, often dense forests, therefore, quietly makes a shadow. Excess moisture is also not terrible - the roots can always be in the water and not rot. Selaginella adapts to any conditions - it grows equally well along ponds, among rocks or in trees.
The origin is an ancient family of moons. In the modern classification, it is separated into a separate family of selaginella. The plant is low, grassy. Shoots creep or rise slightly. The main stem gives a lot of lateral shoots. Small foliage, no more than 5 mm. Located in two rows, overlaps each other, forming a semblance of tile. The surface of the leaflets can be both matte and glossy. Color - all shades of green, in some species with an admixture of yellow streaks.
All types of selaginella differ from each other in color, structure of shoots. Sometimes it is even difficult to imagine that plants belong to the same family.
- Selaginella Swiss (Selaginella helvetica). A loose plant that grows in rocky areas. Forms turfs. The branches are richly covered with light green leaves. The location of the leaves perpendicular. The leaves themselves are thin, slightly carved along the edges. Settles on wet soils in shady places.
- Scalepipela (Selaginella lepidophylla). Desert plant. Looks like a ball of dry leaves. Contact with moisture is revealed. Scale scab can be purchased dry. Shoots are pinnate, covered with small scaly leaves. On each piece there is a tongue in which moisture is collected.
- Selaginella martensii. Bush low, neat. The stems are directed upwards, the height does not exceed 30 cm. The leaves are green, the tips are sometimes silvery. The leaves are similar in shape to the fern. Releases aerial roots. Gradually they reach the ground and take root. This type of apartment is considered the most popular.
- Selaginella Jory (Selaginella martensii Jori). Tropical decorative variety. Reminds a frothy mass of a pleasant green color. On an upright low stem a spherical crown is formed.
- Selaginella apod (Selaginella apoda). Looks like moss. Forms dense sod pads. From short stalks away smooth short shoots. The leaves are thin, with notches. It is grown as a beautiful ampelous plant.
- Selaginella Vildenova (Selaginella willdenowii). Branched, upright or drooping shoots cover small leaves that have a green-gray color with a blue coating.
Types of room sliver
In natural conditions, there are several hundred species of the family of plaunovyh, but growing selaginella in the home - greenhouses or rooms - suits only a couple of dozen. Of these, botanists have identified several of the most unpretentious species that will feel most comfortable in residential areas.
- Scalebone This species tolerates drought very well. On sale is often presented in the form of a coil with a diameter of about 10 cm, consisting of dried gray-brown leaves. If you place such a herbarium in a container with water, selaginella will “revive” during the day and restore its bright green color. In a rosette plant, shoots grow up to 15 cm, dense and rigid leaves resemble a carved feather with small scaly leaves, on top of which there are pores for sucking water. Scientists noted that the scaly-looking form of selaginella is able to do without moisture for several decades, and once again moisturize. Therefore, the weed is often referred to as the "resurrection plant."
- Swiss It differs from other varieties in a lighter color and thick carved leaves growing perpendicular to the stem and creating an exact geographical pattern. Small pointed leaves of the lower row grow to 1 mm, the top - do not exceed 2 mm. The creeping stems of grassy perennial reach 10 cm in length.
- Vildenova. The nature of the branching of a bush plant resembles coniferous twigs. In rooms, this type of selaginella is grown in hanging pots or flowerpots. On the flat branched shoots are located small openwork leaves of bluish-green color, sometimes with a blue tint. The length of the stems does not exceed 10-12 cm.
- Martens The most popular among gardeners plant species. Shoots grow continuously throughout the year, reaching 30 cm. Abundantly branch. Externally, the branches look like fern fronds, at the ends of which small spores are formed. Growing rapidly, selaginella creates the effect of a green openwork carpet. One of the decorative varieties - Martens Watsoniana - has whitish-silver tips on the leaves.
- Keyless. Cultivated perennial in the home environment as a ground cover or ampelnoe species. Short creeping stems no longer than 20 cm have adventitious roots and thin leaves of pale green color. The lateral leaves are oval in shape, closer to the base, heart-shaped, and dentate along the edge. This is quite a demanded type of family of plauns, since it is quite simple to care for bezapzokovoy Selaginella, and the decorative effect of the plant will favorably complement any interior solution.
Lighting and microclimate
Selaginella perfectly feels in partial shade. It also grows steadily in artificial lighting. It is necessary to avoid direct rays of the sun on the flower and to protect it from drafts. The plant will take root comfortably on window sills on the north side or shaded western and east windows.
In any season of the year, the tropical guest needs constant temperature conditions. The optimum level is 18-21 ° C. In order to avoid plant diseases, the temperature in the room should not be below 12 ° C and above 25 ° C.
Watering and recharge
Caring for selaginella in summer requires abundant watering, in winter you should also constantly keep the soil moist and avoid drying out. It is necessary to water selaginella with warm, settled water.
The main requirement is to maintain at least 50-60% moisture near the flower. An insufficient amount can lead to drying and die-off of the tips of the leaves on the stem. For prevention should be sprayed daily with warm selaginella water. In addition, under the flower pot you can install a pallet with moistened porous material, for example, expanded clay.
Feeding the heap is carried out in the warm season - from April to October twice a month. For the procedure, you can take a liquid dressing for decorative and hardwood varieties. The dose indicated on the package should be halved. Judging by the reviews of flower growers, selaginella will also like fertilizer for orchids.
How much and how often to water the plant, the required level of temperature and humidity relative to seasonality, are outlined in the table.
Table - Comfortable conditions for selaginella and proper watering.
The most common decorative form. A low plant resembles a fern in appearance. The leaves are bright green. Young shoots are stretched up to 20–30 cm upwards, over time they lean toward the ground, therefore on average the height of the plant is no more than 15 cm
The species’s homeland is the arid southern regions of North America. Openwork fern sprigs up to 15–30 cm wide emerge from the central socket. The leaves are rigid, the upper part is green, the lower part has a yellow or red shade. The shape of the form can be compared with a flat star or snowflake. A distinctive feature of the plant - a long time (from two months to several years) without water. In the period of prolonged drought, the bush falls into a kind of "waiting mode". All branches twist to the center, forming a tangle up to 10–15 cm in diameter, the bush acquires a sand-gray tint. Upon contact with water, the bush comes to life literally within an hour: straightens the twigs, acquires a green initial form and shape.
Scalepinella Selaginella has other names - Jericho rose, resurrection plant, dino-bush, American tumbleweed.
Selaginela Krause or Krauss
Creeping compact plant no more than 5–7 cm in height. The branches are thin, up to 30 cm long, with many small leaves. View Krause found in two versions: with white and yellow-green leaves. Often used as a ground cover or ampelnaya plant.
Another name - Selaginela apoda. Bush height of not more than 20 cm. Compact plant forms turf, resembling moss. Stems short, covered with small glossy green leaves. Creeping plant, which is often used for growing in hanging flower pots.
Caring for selaginella at home is not easy. The plant, originally from the tropics, is demanding of a certain level of air humidity, soil composition, level of illumination, irrigation regime. Inexperienced gardeners who have not coped with the organization of the microclimate for a tropical beauty often have to face disappointment.
Curious fact. In the arid deserts of Mexico, as well as in the desolate deserts of Nevada and Texas, “S. Lepidophylla. It is similar to the Jericho rose. Her amazing ability is to fully dry to a dry consistency. After this exotic plant is rolled into a ball. With the onset of heavy rains the plant unfolds. Her stems and shoots come alive.
The photo shows “Selaginella Martensia Jory”:
This representative of the flora can be content with a small amount of light. The plant needs constantly moistened soil and humid air.
The flower is recommended to grow in a mini-greenhouse on the windowsill. Also, the flower can grow in greenhouses, loggias and balconies.
The plant grows well in kitchens with large vapors when cooking and in bathrooms with good ventilation.
The soil in the tank should be constantly wet. The plant does not like drying. For irrigation, you must use soft water at room temperature. It should not contain any chemical impurities.
The air must be humidified. Therefore, the ornamental shrub is sprayed 2-5 times a day. Water for spraying should be soft. It is recommended to use a spray bottle. Also, the plant can be put on a tray with wet moss or moistened pebbles. The use of an additional container with water next to the plant is allowed.
When grown in purchased fortified soil, additional fertilizing is not recommended. After 1 year after planting, the plant begins to fertilize. Usually, feeding is carried out 5-7 times a year.
You can use the mixture for complex fertilizer. It is mixed with water in proportions of 1: 2. Strong solution can burn the root system of the plant. You can fertilize the plant with mullein.
But you can not allow manure to fall on the bare roots of a flower. This material can severely burn the roots, after which the plant will gradually die.
The plant needs loose soil with a high content of humus. It should be slightly acidic.
In other conditions, the plant does not grow. Land for planting can be bought or prepared by yourself. For this, the soil is mixed with leaf soil. Peat and fine-grained sea sand are added to the top.
Charcoal can be added to the substrate. This material helps to maintain the necessary environment in the ground. Capacities choose medium. The root system is placed in the middle of the pot and sprinkled with the substrate. After - plentifully watered.
Transplantation is very rare. Plant melen goes to growth. Therefore, the flower is transplanted only when the pot has become cramped. This can be understood by hanging stems through the edges of the container. It is recommended to use not very deep pots, but very wide. After transplantation, a decorative bush is covered with polyethylene. He creates a mini hothouse. In such conditions, the plant gets accustomed to new conditions more quickly. After rooting, the cellophane is removed.
When drying shoots need to moisten the air. The flower should be sprayed 3-4 times a day with water at room temperature. Dried tops of the stems are recommended to be cut with a sharp blade. If the plant begins to wither and dry - it is worth taking care of the soil of the flower. During this period, the plant requires abundant watering.
Healthy stems must be cut for reproduction, all other shoots are discarded. With a strong twisting of the edges of the leaves and the appearance of brown fabric - there was a strong sunburn. The plant must be ceased in a more shady room.
Damaged stems must be cut. When the stems decay and the flower stops growing, freezing occurred. The room temperature is too low. The flower is transferred to a lighter and warmer room. It is also recommended to transplant the flower in a new vitaminized soil.
Location and lighting
The flower loves warm and damp places. For the growth it needs diffused light or shadow. Selaginella is the ideal solution for landscaping windows facing north or for rooms with artificial lighting.
Watering and humidity
As a representative of tropical culture, selaginella needs special care at home. The cultivated flower feels great in conditions of high humidity. If it is not possible to spray seaginella several times throughout the day, then you can put a container with a flower in a pan with water.
The flower likes abundant watering, because it does not have a state of rest, then it is watered equally, both in summer and in winter.
Soil and fertilizer
For the well-being of selaginella, it needs a moisture-absorbing and nutritious mixture consisting of chopped sphagnum, sand and soddy earth. The reaction of the soil is slightly acidic or neutral.Top dressing of a flower is made every two-three weeks throughout the spring - autumn period. For the fertilizer Selaginella, you can use an orchid feed or use nutrient mixtures for ornamental deciduous plants, halving the recommended dose.
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