Breeding geese is a fairly popular activity today. These birds are characterized by high performance, and do not require specific care. However, beginning poultry farmers often face the question of how to feed geese in winter.
Feeding and keeping geese in winter at home
Features of poultry accommodation
Under natural conditions, flocks of geese settle near water bodies that are rich in aquatic flora, and in fields with lush high grass. Keeping at home near a pond or in the presence of a massive bath is a guarantee of good health of birds and increases their productivity. Pasture maintenance in the summer allows you to save a tidy sum on feed.
The house should be spacious and well ventilated. It is necessary to keep the room clean. On one individual should be allocated at least 1 square. m. These birds are not afraid of the cold, they can withstand temperatures up to -10 ° C, some species are resistant to even lower rates.
The heat is much worse. With a large population of the house in a hot period possible loss of livestock. Contain domestic birds on a carpet of sawdust. They need to be changed regularly or supplemented yet, so that there is no excessively wet room and an unpleasant smell. From the shed there must be an exit to the place of walking and the bathhouse.
Tanks for feed and water should be installed inside the house and outside. You also need to install boxes with a mixture of ash and sand, so that birds can clean their plumage and get rid of pests. Fulfillment of these rules guarantees getting a carcass weighing 4 kg already by the age of 2.5 months.
Differences in summer and winter feed
The maintenance of geese in the winter at home will be more difficult in terms of feeding. In the summer, it is enough to feed the bird twice a day with cereals, and it extracts the rest of the food itself while walking. In order to create a nutritious winter menu for geese, it is important to study the features and value of each grain product.
- Barley contains vitamin B in its composition; therefore, its use is indicated not only to mature individuals, but also to slightly stronger young.
- There is a lot of fiber in oats, although it is inferior to barley in terms of energy value. It is recommended to introduce it into the ration of geese from the beginning of egg-laying.
- The best option is to introduce corn in the crushed form, which is a part of all kinds of mash.
- An extremely useful product for geese is wheat seedlings.
- It is not recommended to give rye: it is capable of provoking the appearance of various severe ailments.
- Grain must be given in germinated form.
Bone meal and dust from hay are extremely rich in proteins and multivitamins. Also, winter feeding should include vegetable protein: legumes, soy, meal. Beans should be boiled before feeding, because it is after cooking that their useful qualities increase. Another important point is the introduction of mineral supplements. Today on the Internet you can find a video, which describes in detail all the herbs that can be prepared for poultry for the winter, and also shows how best to dry them.
How can I replace the greens
The maintenance of geese in winter frightens beginner poultry farmers with the fact that they do not know what can replace the green, juicy grass that geese so much love. You can dry nettle with summer. In its dried form, its beneficial properties remain the same as in fresh. The main food in the autumn should be vegetables.
It is important to remember that in no case should sprouted potatoes be given to birds, because they contain toxic substances. You also can not give the water in which the potatoes were boiled: this can cause a number of serious disorders of the gastrointestinal tract and lead to death. With the arrival of autumn so that the wintering does not hit the health of the geese, it is necessary to translate them into high-carb feed. In the menu, you can enter the hay. Moreover, it is desirable that it be dried not under the sun, but in a well-ventilated shaded place.
Hay should be given dry or steamed. Hay dried from various cereals is considered the most useful. In winter it is necessary to increase the number of feedings. Most importantly, the feed should be as balanced as possible and rich in vitamins and minerals.
How to feed goslings
Although the maintenance of geese is not a particularly troublesome thing, the goslings still need to pay more attention in order to get highly productive adults. Daily ducklings are fed immediately after hatching. In the first 5 days you need to give food every 2-3 hours, by 10 days the number of meals is reduced to 3-4 times a day.
The best option - feeding babies full starter feed. After a ten-day period, highly nutritious feed is introduced. In the absence of feed for raising young stock, you can make your own feed from the components at hand:
- finely grated boiled hard boiled eggs,
- cornmeal, arnovka, barley groats with a small amount of semolina to add crispness,
- tricalcium phosphate.
The last ingredient plays an important role in the full formation and growth of goslings.
In winter, geese are allowed to be fed with water with the addition of potassium chloride. In the future, the birds are transferred to the fine powder or chalk. When the content of the goose in the winter content is necessary to add a multivitamin tetravit (in feed) or chiktonik (in liquid).
The content of geese in winter requires drinking these vitamins for 7 days to avoid vitamin deficiencies. When the geese are kept in the winter, 20 minutes later, after the juveniles have been given wet food, it must be cleaned, otherwise the eggs decomposed in a warm, moist environment can lead to poisoning of the entire flock of ducklings. From the fifth day, cottage cheese is added to the ration, replacing it or supplementing boiled eggs.
How to feed adults
The maintenance of geese in winter requires special attention to be paid to the arrangement of the house, so that the geese do not freeze their paws. Breeding geese, which will be kept in the autumn-winter period and at the end of egg-laying, are fed with grass, root crops, rough feed, rich in fiber. In the diet include:
- corn stalks,
- pumpkins, zucchini,
In winter, fed with hay, silage and hay dust. The composition of rations for winter feeding geese impose a small amount of grain in order to compensate for the lack of vitamins. During this period, it is important to monitor the health of the birds: if the geese eat poorly and begin to lose weight, the amount of grain should be increased. Also, if possible, you must enter the oilseeds or processed products from them. Feeding geese in the winter at the beginning of the egg-laying should be balanced so that the geese do not suffer from obesity, otherwise it will adversely affect the properties of the eggs. To feed the geese in the winter during the laying period, you need a balanced feed with the addition to the diet:
- meat-bone powder,
- oxidized milk,
- tricalcium phosphate or chalk.
Rejected for any reason, the geese in the winter in the greenhouse are fed with wet mash from root vegetables with pumpkin, potatoes, bran and grain. Before slaughter, the bird is fattened for 3 weeks. Highly nutritive mash is recommended to give three times. At the end of the fattening process, the keel will not be palpable, and the carcass will become rounded, with an impressive layer of fat.
Keeping geese in winter at home is not as difficult as it seems at first glance. If you have any doubts, you can watch a video that tells how to equip the house, a nest for birds in winter. Geese are fascinating for their beauty and on white snow look just amazing. Well-known company Diemenshen produces many variations of paintings for embroidery, which shows the wintering geese.
The main conditions for the correct maintenance of poultry in winter is the observance of elementary rules for the care of geese. Care must be taken that the litter in the house is constantly dry. To do this, it is not necessary to remove it every time, you can simply add dry sawdust. Feeding during the autumn period should include mostly high carbohydrate foods so that the bird can feed enough to survive the winter cold.
In winter, birds should be transferred to 3 or 4-time feeding. Care should be taken to monitor the health of birds prior to laying. Obesity should not be allowed, otherwise it will adversely affect the egg.
Most birds winter well. They can withstand temperatures of up to -10 degrees or less. Having provided proper care to the birds in the winter, in the future it will be possible to get a good, highly productive farm.
Winter geese content
How to keep geese in winter? How to equip a goose? It is known that geese have a warm downy coat that protects them very well from the cold. Unlike other types of poultry, they easily tolerate a temperature in the poultry house of just 10 degrees (temporary decreases may reach -30 degrees). However, low temperatures, especially in the breeding season, are harmful to geese, since in geese, egg production decreases and eggs laid by them are frozen, and hussies often lose their sexual activity completely. Therefore, the bird, from which they seek to obtain eggs with high hatching qualities, and, consequently, high-grade young animals, must create good conditions for their housing.
Winter conditions of keeping geese
Most of all geese are afraid of drafts and dampness, and if so, then it is advisable to warm the room where geese are kept, and to constantly take care of cleanliness and dryness of the litter. Always remember that only clean plumage protects geese from hypothermia. When birds are kept on wet bedding, their feathers become dirty, become disheveled, and have poor heat retention. As a result: deterioration in the use of food, reduced body resistance, the occurrence of colds and diseases of the genital organs.
Any litter material available in the farm (sawdust, shavings, straw, peat) can be used as a litter, so long as it is dry, clean and free from mold. As the litter becomes dirty, a fresh layer is added. Once a week, litter should be sprinkled with a simple or double superphosphate (400 g simple, 200 g - double per 1 sq. M floor area).
Peculiarities of keeping geese in summer and winter. Tips for beginners
The advantage of superphosphate is that it enriches the litter (valuable organic fertilizer) with minerals, dries it well and at the same time prevents the release of large amounts of ammonia.
Periodically, the bird must be let out for walking, for walks in the fresh air help to increase the viability of the bird, increase its productivity, and improve the incubation qualities of the eggs. It should only be taken into account that the legs of geese are sensitive to cold and in severe frosts do not allow them to be in the yard for more than an hour.
In winter, the internal equipment of the goose consists of nests, feeders and drinkers. Nests (60 cm long, 50 cm wide and height) are made of 25 mm thick boards or plywood and arranged on the floor no later than mid-January. The best place to install nests is the side walls of the house. They must be separated from one another by solid partitions, and in front of each one, in order not to fall out the litter, it is necessary to arrange the threshold of 10 cm in height.
The bottom of the nests is also desirable to make wood or plywood because The geese usually try to lay the laid eggs in the litter, and if the bottom is metal, the eggs can freeze or break. After installing all the nests, it is advisable to lime lime. On two or three geese, one nest is enough. True, many authors of books on poultry farming recommend making a separate nest for each goose, arguing that geese subsequently prefer to hatch eggs in those nests where they have flown. Although this is true, I still advise for goose hens to arrange nests in a separate room.
Experienced poultry farmers will confirm that if a goose incubates in a common room, then it is often disturbed by other geese: they arrange fights, drive them away from the nest, throw fresh eggs into the nest, pollute the clutch or crush it. It is also important that in the goosebump frequent phenomena are excessive humidity and gas contamination, which negatively affect the hatchability of eggs. Given that up to 80% of goose eggs are laid at night and early in the morning, you should try to collect the eggs as soon as possible after they are laid. Otherwise, the likelihood of their contamination and freezing increases. In order to avoid contamination of eggs, it is also recommended to change litter more often in nests.
Goose feeders make such that there is no large loss of feed. Usually they have the form of troughs, consisting of two, fastened at an angle, planed boards (20-25 mm) with side walls elongated downwards, which simultaneously serve as drinkers. On the top of the trough, there is a transverse plank that does not allow the bird to climb inside, and also serves as a pen. Small shields can be stuffed along the edges of the feeder, which will partially protect the feed from spreading. When making feeders, it is necessary to bear in mind that the upper edge should be at the level of the back of the bird, and the feeders themselves should be so much so that all geese feed at the same time and without crush.
Drinkers for geese
For geese drinkers wooden troughs or large buckets are most often used, but they can be made from galvanized sheet iron with well-sealed seams. In order to avoid splashing of water and keeping the litter in a dry state, it is advisable to install them on baking sheets covered with metal mesh or wooden slats. Taking into account the fact that on winter days one goose drinks up to 2 liters of water, it is more expedient to make drinkers with running water (from the reservoir (barrels, cans) water through a hose with a small stream constantly flows into the drinker). During the period of egg production, I advise you to drink geese with thawed (snow) water and always remember that 48 hours after the cessation of the water supply, the bird stops rolling.
In November-December geese are usually fed twice: in the morning with wet mash, and in the evening - with grain. In January, geese must be transferred to three meals a day. Moreover, the grain is given in the morning and evening, and the mash is fed only during the day. During the laying period does not hurt and four meals a day.
In the winter rations of geese, coarse feed (meadow hay, hay dust, chaff, dry nettle) can be used in significant quantities. During the preparation of the birds for egg-laying, they can be given up to 300 g per head per day. Geese are equally willing to eat roughage in both dry and steamed form. If the hay is large, then it is desirable to chop and steam it up with hot water, and then mix it with bran or oatmeal and finely chopped root crops (beets, carrots, rutabaga, etc.). The next time the hay can be replaced steamed oat chaff.
These mixtures are well digested and have a beneficial effect on the content of vitamins in eggs and on the subsequent quality of goslings. Of the grain feeds in winter, oats should be preferred (by the way, of all types of grain, geese like oats most of all), since Feeding wheat and barley often leads to geese becoming obese, and in obese birds, egg production and fertility of eggs decrease significantly. Grain feeds can be fed both as a whole and in crushed form. Although adult geese are much more eager to eat whole grain than to pick or chop, but in frosty weather they eat well dry oatmeal. On other days, oatmeal and other crushed grain is better to feed in the composition of wet mash.
If the farm does not have enough grain, then it can be replaced three times more with a large number of potatoes with a small addition of soaked peas. Potatoes are more often fed boiled, but geese eat it well and raw, you just have to accustom them to this at an early age. Brooms that contain boiled potatoes cannot be left in the feeders for a long time, because they can sour and cause indigestion in poultry.
In winter, you can successfully feed geese and dried in the shade brooms of linden, maple, birch, oak, willow, hanging them on the walls of a roaster (before feeding they need to be steamed in hot water).
About a month before the breeding season (from late January-early February) and during it, geese should be fed plenty, without fear of obesity. Considering that it is during this period that the palatability of feed decreases, in order to increase the bird's appetite, it is necessary to add oatmeal, chopped beets and carrots to the mash.
Must remember and that at night geese are able to consume more feed than during daytime hours and leave food in feeders for the night (preferably oats). In the breeding season, especially great attention should be paid to feeding the gander, because due to the numerous matings, they are depleted, and this, in turn, adversely affects the fertilization of eggs. Therefore, the gander should be fed.
При хорошо организованной подкормке оплодотворенность яиц повышается на 10-20%. Для подкормки можно использовать смесь из 50 г овса, 30 г пшеницы, 20 г тертой моркови и 3 г пекарских дрожжей. Любители бойцовых гусей подкармливают гусаков смесью пророщенного овса (100 г), тертой моркови (50 г) и размоченного в подсоленной воде гороха (20 г).
Feathers are fed from feeders hung on the walls of the house at the level of 80-90 cm from the floor, or during the walking of geese, when the goose are left alone in the premises. Feeding goose should be until the end of egg-laying in geese. In the productive period, it is highly desirable to replace dry oat grain with germinated grain.
If there is no grain feed on the farm, it is recommended to add 10 drops of trivite or tetravite to wet mashes every other day (they can be replaced with a teaspoon of fish oil).
Regardless of whether vitamin preparations are added to the feed or not, in separate feeders in the roaster the mineral substances should always be kept: chalk, crushed eggshell or shell rock, and washed fine gravel. The presence of these substances is very important because of the increased mineral metabolism in geese during the productive period. Here are a few rations for winter feeding of geese, which are designed to keep the birds as cheap as possible.
What geese eat: feeding rules
There are several methods of feeding domestic birds. it wet feeding, dry and combined. The main products for birds are fish, pumpkin, cabbage, carrots, beets, silage and whey. Be sure to include in the daily diet of green plants such as dandelions, plantain and others.
This type of feeding has both advantages and disadvantages. The ingredients used in this type of food are already processed and procured in advance, so they are easy to use. As a rule, dry feeding is cheaper than wet feeding, it is more budgetary, but it has a significant drawback: geese grow poorly with such nutrition and slowly gain weight. The composition of dry food includes the following products:
- Corn, crushed into pieces
- Ground oats
- Whole wheat
- Rye waste
- Sunflower seeds
With this type of feeding, it is very important to immediately calculate the amount that birds can eat, since wet food, unlike dry food, deteriorates and is affected by mold. Wet food is given to geese in the morning, afternoon and late evening, so that birds can eat it all night if they wish. Prepare the so-called mash. It consists of the following products:
- Boiled potatoes
- Boiled carrots
- Boiled beets
- Sprouted wheat
- Meat and bone meal
Prepare the mixture just before feeding. Its composition should not be too sticky, otherwise the birds will clog holes in the nose. Food for the correct consistency is checked as follows: squeeze a part of the food in the palm of your hand, and when the palm is straightened, the optimal consistency of the food will fall apart a little in the hand. If the consistency is sticky, add more bran and bone meal. Usually maintain the following proportions: a kilogram of dry mix is stirred with 200 gr. any skimmer
The main diet of adult geese
Adult goose eats per day approximately the following amount of food:
- A pound of potatoes, carrots or beets
- 150 grams of bone meal
- 100 gr. wheat, corn or other cereals
- 50 gr. mineral supplements
Moreover, in spring and summer the birds are given high-calorie food, and in winter they increase the amount of grain in the daily diet.
Excellent vitamin supplement for poultry are various waste from the garden - unusable or selling pears, or apples.
Proteins for poultry nutrition can be obtained from dairy wastes, such as whey, pahva or reverse. In order to enrich the food with useful microelements, breeders procure shells, fish waste and even insects.
Herbs like clover, horse sorrel and quinoa can replace geese with grain feed. Thus, with the help of improvised means you can quite economically feed the poultry.
Goslings feed immediately after birth, as soon as they dry out. For the first five days, food is used. boiled eggs, grated with oatmeal, as well as chopped green herbs. Goslings love soaked crushed peas with green tops and crumbly millet porridge.
Chicks need calcium to grow, so from the very first week they were mixed in food with chalk, shells or eggshell.
For good digestion, goslings should be given fresh carrots and beets, previously rubbed on a grater. And starting from the second week it is already possible to introduce potatoes into the diet.
Feed the goslings as often as possible seven times during the day, leaving food for the night. As they get older, the birds start to feed less and less, and already in the second month of life, the goslings eat, like the older birds, three times a day.
Geese farmed for meat should be kept in the pen for not more than two and a half months. Feed them in the following way:
- 20% of the diet is grain
- 10% - bran
- 10% - beans
- 7% sunflower meal
- 50% - tops of plants
- 2.5% - calcium: chalk and shells
- 0.5% salt
Starting from the third week, half of the grain is replaced with bread or boiled potatoes. It is desirable that at least half a day goslings carried out on pasture.
What to feed the geese in the winter?
Feeding geese in winter has its differences. As already mentioned, the number of calories for this period is reduced. From November until the end of the year, geese are fed only 2 times a day. Usually in the morning they give mash, and in the evening dry food with supplements. Already in January they start eating three meals a day: in the morning and before bedtime, dry food, and in the morning - mash.
In mid-February, the birds are already fully fed and abundant. The menu at the end of winter about the following:
- Yeast 3 gr.
- Oat 50 gr.
- Wheat 20 gr.
- Boiled carrots 15 gr.
- Mineral supplements: chalk and eggshell.
- Steamed branches of willow and oak, which are hung on hooks.
Usually, geese in the winter months sharply decreases egg production. To prevent this from happening, breeders are trying to provide the birds with a complete, fortified diet. Be sure to include in the winter diet vegetables such as carrots, beets, pumpkin and cabbage. They have enough vitamins and amino acids for a good wintering of poultry.
Geese are rather large birds, and accordingly they eat a lot. But in summer it is unnoticeable, since they spend most of the day tweaking green grass in the fields. During the day one individual eats greens up to two kilograms. Then the goose will not refuse to eat the grain, which is given in the morning and evening. During the day, an impressive amount of food per individual is obtained.
But what to do in winter when there is snow everywhere and severe frosts rage? How to compensate for the lack of greenery and other pasture, which the geese eat during the day while grazing? The answer is simple, so that the bird does not starve in the winter, you need to take care of the feed in advance in the summer. Then the content of geese in winter, especially at home, will become easy and simple, and their diet will be no worse than in summer.
Feeding of geese in winter: diet
These birds are quite large, so they eat, respectively, a lot. In the summer, this feature is not particularly noticeable, since the birds quietly nibble on weed. According to statistics, on average, one healthy and adult individual per day eats about two kilograms of greenery, after which she will not mind eating grain. As a result, a rather impressive amount of feed is needed per day by one individual.
But how to feed the geese in winter, when we are surrounded by snow and frost is awake? What can compensate for the lack of grass for geese and the rest of the pasture? The answer is quite simple and fairly obvious: so that the bird does not feel hunger at home, it is necessary to take care of feed stocks even in summer. Then, feeding the geese during the winter period will not create any difficulties, and the birds will be provided with everything necessary for their livelihoods.
Alternative to green grass
The main component in the diet of birds is grass. This component is the main source of nutrients and easily digestible substances. But what about winter? To do this, prepare hay. It should be noted that hay can not be dried under the influence of direct sunlight. The most favorable environment for harvesting hay is a dark and well-ventilated room. This method will allow a large amount of nutrients not to be lost to dry grass. Feeding hay suitable both raw and steamed, but first it must be crushed.
In addition, silage consisting of corn stalks or legumes should be prepared. So that the bird does not start to experience a deficiency of nutrients, it is necessary to mix silage, hay and add to concentrated feed. It is also worth noting that the most suitable for geese is hay, which was harvested from representatives of cereals.
If possible, you should prepare enough nettle and quinoa. Quite a large number of poultry farmers make them whisks, hanging in goosebeds, and the individual has the opportunity to eat on their own at any time. These whisks are also often harvested from the branches of fruit trees. We must not forget that the first-class algae are a source of vitamins and amino acidswhich should be thoroughly dried and grind to a state of flour.
Such flour should be added to the feed. It is also worth noting that conifer needles are an excellent source of beneficial substances. Make such blanks using any coniferous tree. You should know that they are made in the period from November to March. It was at this time that conifer needles are quite soft and contain the lowest concentration of tannins. Before feeding, they should be thoroughly crushed with a meat grinder.
Additional sources of vitamins when feeding geese in the winter
With the onset of winter, the geese feed all that they managed to gather in their gardens at the end of the season: cabbage, carrots, beets and more. Let's look at what is the use of each of them:
- Cabbage is the main source of amino acids and an impressive amount of sulfur. Feed must be added to the feed. During the day, each individual needs at least 200 g of cabbage. If there is a lot of snow outside, then it is best to store cabbage right in it, but if it is not there, then it is worth salting the rooks, and before meals they should be thoroughly washed,
- Carrots are a perfect source of vitamins and minerals. It can be stored in various ways, but it is recommended to pickle or dry it so that the vegetable does not lose its valuable properties. Salt and dry the vegetable should be crushed. She feeds geese mixed with silage or mash.
- Beets and potatoes are recommended to be given in boiled form, but so that they are well cooled.
Do I need to include in the diet of grain?
The answer is definitely yes, and also in large quantities than in other seasons. Cereals are good sources of vitamins, calories and carbohydrates. In addition, they contain vitamins of groups b, d and e. You can feed the bird wheat, corn, barley, oats and millet.
As for wheat, it is best to feed the geese with its waste, in order to avoid excessive weight gain. As for corn, it is excellent for both young and fully formed. But it should be given exclusively in a ground form. Because of the content in it of a small amount of vitamins, it is more expedient to mix it with fish or bone meal.
The most optimal for feeding geese are oats and barley, but they can be fed in whole form only to adults. As for the young, then the grain should be removed from the husk and crushed in advance. Feeding this cereal does not lead to excessive weight gain.
Do not forget about the representatives of legumes. Flawlessly suitable for food in the winter season peas and broad beans. They are fed to individuals in both dry and wet species. An excellent way to feed the geese is a large amount of agricultural waste.
Summing up, it is worth noting that it is in the winter cold that the breeding period comes, which is why the birds should be provided with an optimal and sufficient diet.
Types of feed for geese at home
There are several types of feed for geese. They differ both in composition and purpose. It is necessary to control that the nutrition of the birds is balanced. It is not enough to feed the bird protein food for weight gain, or carbohydrates, giving energy, while ignoring vitamins and minerals.
In the diet of pets there are no minor components, and if you want to be a good host for your birds, you need to thoroughly understand the types and purpose of feed.
The main components of this type are simple carbohydrates, starch and sugar. Such carbohydrates are very quickly absorbed by the body of most warm-blooded animals, increase the level of glucose in the blood and are the main participants in energy exchange in the body.
This type of feed includes cereals (wheat, millet, rye, oats, corn, etc.), as well as succulent carbohydrate-type feeds (potatoes, beetroot).
This group is divided into feed of animal and vegetable origin. Animals include meat, offal, meat and bone meal, by-products of dairy production.
All legumes, meal, makukhi belong to the plant type of protein feed. For a balanced diet it is necessary to combine animal and vegetable proteins.
Must provide the body's need for minerals. It is, rather, food additives (flour from bones, sodium bicarbonate, eggshell, sodium chloride). Although these elements in the total ration occupy a small proportion, their role in poultry feeding is extremely important. Thanks to minerals, the skeleton is formed, they affect the productivity and quality of eggs.
Feeding adult geese
One adult bird every day needs:
- potato, beet or carrot - 1/2 kg,
- meat and bone meal - 0.15 kg,
- any grain - 0.1 kg,
- minerals - 0.05 kg,
- vitamin and mineral complex.
In winter, increase the grain component of the diet. They love geese and garden waste rich in carbohydrates (tainted, deformed, slightly rotted fruit).Table feeding geese, grams per head
The source of protein needed by the bird is fermented milk production waste.
Some amaranth, hawellaw, sweet clover - these herbaceous plants can be used for feeding instead of cereals.
An approximate feeding scheme for adult geese may look like this:
- 1 and 2 meals should consist of wet mash (boiled potatoes, vegetables, animal feed, grass flour),
- the third method - germinated or pre-soaked grains.
What feed can be prepared for the winter
In order for your birds to survive the winter cold normally, they need not only carbohydrates and proteins in the composition of vegetables and cereals. Equally important for the health and normal functioning of geese are vitamins and minerals that can be prepared for the winter from summer.
Without quality hay for feeding geese in the winter is not enough. Stocks of nettle, sweet clover, and aveluk should be done just before the beginning of the flowering period.
You should not dry hay in the open sun, it should be done in the shade or in haystacks as quickly as possible. After the first signs of dryness appear, the hay is removed for storage in the barn.
When cooking for poultry, dry grass is finely ground and added to the composition of the mash.
What else can you feed in winter?
In winter, to feed the geese, among other things, you can almost everything that was collected in the fall in the garden. These are cabbage, carrots, potatoes, beets, various silage of vegetables, root crops, etc. So, what is the use of each of them? Cabbage is a source of amino acids, and it also contains a large amount of sulfur, especially in the feed grade. Feed it by mixing in food.
On the day of 1 goose you need to feed about 200 g of cabbage. But how to keep it long? With constant snowy winters cabbage can be safely stored in the snow. But if there is no snow or you want to be safe, then it is better to pickle it. Before feeding the geese with it, you need to wash the cabbage thoroughly.
Carrots are a great source of vitamins. It can be stored in different ways, but to avoid the rapid disappearance of useful substances, it is better to pickle or dry it. Salted and dried carrots in a crushed form. Feed its geese with silage or mash in any form. Beets and potatoes are also mixed in the mash.
But in boiled form they can be given separately, but only when they are well cooled. They also need to pre-grind. Vegetable tops harvested fresh. It is stored in special barrels and added to food in the winter. When keeping geese at home during the winter period, if prepared in advance, problems with their feeding should not arise.
Do I need to give grain?
Of course, it is necessary and definitely more than in other seasons. Cereals are an excellent source of calories and carbohydrates. They also contain vitamins B, D, and E. It is possible to feed geese in winter with wheat, corn, barley, oats, and millet. But we must remember that if we feed ourselves with wheat, then it is better to give it in a crushed form. Better yet, feed the geese with wheat waste.
This will prevent obesity birds. If we talk about corn, it is great as a feed, both young and adult birds. But it also needs to be given in a crushed form. Поскольку в ней содержится мало витаминов, то рекомендуется подмешивать в кукурузу рыбную или костную муку, которые также можно заменить рыбьим жиром.
Оптимальными для кормления гусей считаются овес и ячмень. Давать его можно в цельном виде только взрослой птице. To feed the young grain, it is necessary to pre-clean the husks and grind. If in some farms there is an abundance of millet, then you can easily feed it like oats with barley. Feeding these cereals does not lead to obesity.
It is worth mentioning legumes. Great for feeding geese in winter are suitable peas and broad beans. You can feed them both in dried and in the soaked form. An excellent option for feeding geese is the presence of a large number of different agricultural waste. This is bran, meal, corn and cereals, as well as various kinds of oilcake.
Let's sum up
Precisely, something to advise and argue that this is the only correct feeding ration is impossible. Since each owner feeds based on what he has and what he can buy. Some argue that in the winter, morning and afternoon, geese should be given mashins, others state that they give mash only in the afternoon. And still others feed their geese in the winter with only whole grain. But everyone agrees that in winter the bird should eat plenty and always be full.
Because of this, it will feel great in small low temperatures even outside. Also, the opinion of everyone agrees that you need to feed the bird 3 times a day, and after the beginning of the breeding period, you can go to four meals a day. There is no contradiction to the fact that in the evening geese give only grain and it would be better if it is oats, barley or millet. It is given enough, as the bird eats at night more than during the day.
As for the recipes of mash, there are quite a few of them. After all, each owner can easily come up with his recipe based on what he harvested in the city. But we must remember that in winter the ration of the goose should be as balanced and nutritious as possible. You also need to make sure that the bird does not zazhila, it threatens the loss of offspring. After all, eggs laid by a goose goose are unfertilized.
And with all this geese in the winter should eat plenty. After all, in the winter they begin the breeding period. Also, such feeding will help them easily transfer the most severe frosts without loss of productivity.
Find out moreHow to keep geese in the winter?We make the autumn diet for geese
When is it worth embarking on geese?
How to keep geese in winter?
Productive maintenance of geese in winter implies the existence of optimal conditions and the implementation of general recommendations of specialists. Namely:
- 1 m² insulated house for 1 adult,
- dry litter
- winter diet,
- maintaining cleanliness
- equipped nests.
We'll talk about nutrition and equipment for nesting sites later. Initially, you need to warm the room for wintering. For this, a shed, greenhouse or equipped goose.
We recommend to warm the room and caulk the existing cracks with hay. Walls must be whitened with quicklime.
Remember that only dry plumage protects against hypothermia. Wet litter contaminates the feather, it becomes ruffled and loses its protective properties.
The litter will always remain dry if sprinkled with superphosphate weekly. It enriches it with minerals, dries, prevents the accumulation of ammonia. 400 g of the substance per 1 m² of house is required for the dressing. Update litter as pollution. Highly high humidity adversely affects offspring.
Winter geese maintenance also includes walks during which the house is airing. Birds can withstand temperatures as low as -30˚C.
For wintering any wooden shed is suitable. It is easy to equip the house in a hurry from the old boards. The walls are carefully checked for cracks. Close them up with a straw, cloth or sealant. The junction of two boards can be covered with a third one, which is packed on top.
Individuals tolerate the winter and in a brick barn. Floors can be mud or wooden. A well-insulated house does not need to be further heated, as the optimum temperature is achieved due to the heat generated by geese.
An excellent option for keeping geese in winter is greenhouse. This is a warm room, protected from drafts, with good transparency. Greenhouse must be strengthened, lighting and heating, which include with strong frosts.
Before settling individuals in the greenhouse carefully cleaned.
Poultry farmers are advised to resort to this option of keeping geese in the winter and for subsequent savings on fertilizer.
In the gooseberry
Wintering in a barn or greenhouse is an inadequate care for the bird, from which they expect a good weight gain and egg-laying. Gooseberry should be equipped with:
Drinkers should be made of galvanized iron. You can use the existing wooden trough, low buckets.
The feeder is made from two planks fastened with screws at an angle to each other.
The height of the feeders should reach the level of the back of the bird. If the feeder is too wide, the birds will rake the food. To avoid this, experienced breeders advise to equip the trough transverse straps. They can also be used as a carrying handle.
The geese start flying in February. By this time in the house should be equipped with nests of boards or plywood. The nest is a box open on one side, treated with lime, 60 cm long, 50 cm high and wide.
In front of each nest equip 10 cm sill, which will prevent rash of litter and rolling out eggs. The number of nesting sites is calculated based on the norm of 1 nest for 2-3 geese.
The optimum temperature in the goose should not be below 3 degrees. Good conditions for keeping geese will have a beneficial effect on their productivity.
What to feed the geese in the winter?
During wintering, the diet is somewhat different from the summer period.
In the morning they give fodder, and in the evening they give whole grain. In January, geese are transferred to three meals a day, and from the beginning of the laying period (late January - March) to four meals a day. At the same time wet mash is offered to geese in the afternoon, and in the morning and in the evening - grain.
In the winter ration should be added fodder grass at the rate of 300 g per individual per day. It can be alfalfa, meadow hay, nettle or hay dust. Individuals eat coarse food, both dry and steamed. Large hay is chopped and steamed, and then mixed with shredded root vegetables (carrots, potatoes, rutabaga, beets). As a substitute for hay, you can use oatmeal chaff.
Feeding geese in winter with wheat or barley causes geese to become obese and, as a result, affects egg production. Birds are more likely to eat whole grains, but with significant frosts, you can add dry oatmeal, pounding or bran to the hanks.
Food required for wintering, is prepared based on one individual, taking into account periods (Table 1)
Tab. 1 Daily feed intake per individual (g) per day depending on the period
For the winter it is necessary to stockpile hay. Norm - 15 kg per individual. In addition to meadow grasses that can be dried or ensiled (fermented and preserved), geese can be fed in the shade with birch, lime, oak, willow, or lime brooms. Dry billet is pre-steamed and then hung on the walls in the house. If oaks are growing nearby, then it is possible to prepare for the future not only foliage, but acorns on the basis of the norm of 6 kg / goal. They are dried, and before being introduced into the mash they are cleaned of the casing and boiled for an hour. If the grain reserves are not enough, then the geese can be fed with potatoes. It is fed boiled, but also raw, for this, goslings are taught to grated potatoes from an early age.
Potato grain is replaced in a ratio of 3: 1, that is, 300 grams of mashed potatoes made from potatoes with a small addition of herbs equals 100 grams of whole grains.
Geese eat at night. During the breeding season at night in the trough would not be bad to leave oats. Special attention should be paid to feeding the gander. During the breeding period, due to numerous matings, they are depleted, which leads to a decrease in the fertility rate of eggs. For feeding, prepare the mash, which include:
- 80 grams of whole grains (oats, barley, wheat),
- 20 g grated carrots,
- 4 g baker's yeast.
Feed the goose when walking geese. To feed the geese need both thawed and running water.
A mixture of mineral substances (chalk, graphen, crushed shells, shell rock) is poured into separate troughs.
Geese in the winter require careful maintenance. Experienced breeders recommend following simple rules for keeping geese at home in winter:
- Net plumage. In order for the birds not to be overcooled and sick, the feather must be clean and dry. Be sure to promptly change the litter so that it is dry,
- The optimal temperature in the house is 3-5˚C. Lowering the temperature below the recommended value will lead to the fact that birds will consume more feed and will stop carrying eggs to maintain their vitality.
- Light day 14 hours. The room for wintering must be equipped with additional lighting at the rate of 5 W per 1 m². Turn on the light at 5 am and turn it off when it dawns. Then turn on the light at sunset and turn off at 19 o'clock,
- Compliance with the drinking regime. Most poultry farmers believe that geese in the winter for drinking enough snow. This is a wrong opinion. With a lack of water in birds, blood circulation is impaired. There is a disorder of the central nervous system, which makes geese noisy and aggressive or, conversely, drowsy and lethargic. Also inevitable decrease in egg production of geese in the absence of water. For one goose you need 2 liters of water per day. Water in drinking bowls should be changed frequently (up to 3 times a day). If possible, it is better to organize a drinking bowl with running water,
- Walking Geese should be released for a walk to the prepared sites, cleared of snow, which will save the feather from getting wet, and covered with straw, so that there is no overcooling of the paws. If there is a reservoir nearby, then during a thaw geese can be released to swim in a hole prepared in advance. Winter walking lasts at least 1 hour
- Vitamin nutrition. To compensate for the deficiency of vitamins A and D, it is necessary to give fish oil and wet mash with germinated grain. For germination, barley is poured with water for 2 days. After sprinkle evenly over the surface. The first shoots will appear on the 3rd day,
- Top dressing gander. For the goose is characterized by caring for geese. Often, the gander remains hungry, as it waits until the goose eats. To maintain the vitality of the gander, the rate of feeding is increased. With good feeding, egg fertility increases by 20%. Take care of geese necessarily. A healthy fattened goose is a good egg production of 3 geese.
As you can see, care for geese in winter is quite simple. Compliance with the diet and drink, maintaining the optimum temperature and cleanliness in the house will not take much time.
Do geese rushing in winter?
Poultry begin to be born from February. Geese rush at night or in the early morning. In order to avoid damage or freezing of eggs it is necessary to collect them warm.
Eggs are laid horizontally in a dark, dry room with a temperature of 5 - 12˚C. To the removal of eggs fit for 10 days.
If the bird refuses socks, you need to pay attention to the following points:
- darkness in the room
- crushed light day,
- low temperature in the roaster,
- malnutrition, hunger,
The bird, ready to wear eggs, begins to behave restlessly, often marking time. The tail is lowered, the bird rolls over from side to side when walking. More and more time, the hen turns around the nest, settles it for procreation (wears straw, plucks and folds feathers into the nest).