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Angel's Trumpet Flower

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As always, scientists who do not give rest to ordinary aesthetes, attributed similar plants — datur and brugmansia — to different genera, although they were previously considered closer relatives. In scientific old editions, Brugmansia was referred to as Datura arborea L. as a tree-like dope, and the family of herring family was Solanaceaea Juss. If you do not go into details, the plants differ in the arrangement of flowers: in the datura they are located vertically upwards, and in Brugmansia - downwards. And about the datur, and about Brugmancia on the site they wrote many times.

What is the value of Brugmans? First of all, for the appearance of flowers: their size, shape, calyx structure, narrowing of the tubular part of the wreath, drooping, bending and twisting of the petals, doubleness, color and its "transitions". The second feature is a pleasant and strong aroma, so necessary in nature to attract insects. Most often it is night hawk moths hanging in the air while collecting nectar.

The most popular Brugmans

So, the most popular guest of our gardens can be called fragrant brugmansia -Brugmansia suaveolens (Humb. & Bonpl. Ex Willd.) Bercht. & J.Presl (synonyms - Datura suaveolens, Datura gardneri Hook.). On the basis of this Brugmansia, many hybrids and varieties have been developed. Also in the gardens you can often find tree brugmansia - Brugmansia arborea (L.) Steud., Which has already been mentioned. It is interesting that it belongs to the species that have disappeared in the wild.

I think that most gardeners are thirsty for everything new and collect all kinds, varieties, hybrids of the botanical kind of plant they like - Brugmansia. It is rather difficult for a non-expert to understand what kind of plant it is, so I will try to give images of other, most common Brugmans.

Reproduction and storage

In most cases brugmansia - plant tubular. For the winter, it can be placed in a cool, bright room, where it will lose leaves, but retain its skeletal branches until next season, or, after cutting the ends of the branches, place it in a dark or dimly lit place. Sometimes there are recommendations to carry more light to the plant to continue the growing season. Most often, during winter storage, it is recommended to use low positive temperatures without sudden drops, humid air, and moderate watering (once a month). Temperatures above 12–15 ° C can cause a “awakening” of a plant, and in poor light, growth, stretching of shoots. All this can weaken Brugmans and can lead to its death.

If the plant perezimuet in optimal conditions (5-10 ° C), then the newly revived shoots can be rooted in the substrate or water. I think that in normal conditions the best and optimal content of Brugmansia will be a dark room (basement, for example), and before putting it into storage - light pruning with removal of the tips of the branches, and another spring pruning for cuttings.

I have my own experience of breeding Brugmansia cuttings. I bought and received as a gift in the spring cuttings, rooted in water for 3-4 weeks, and then planted in the ground. Rooting was so easy that for me it was just amazing to hear about the problems with its breeding cuttings. I began to be interested and find out, what are the problems with people? As it turned out, the cuttings should be placed in a warm room, preferably more than 18 ° C. It was discovered just. I and my friends got a gift of several cuttings at the same time. For those who had warm apartments, everything went without any problems. Here is such a primitive, but illustrative experiment. It should be noted that with autumn cuttings, healthy plants can also be obtained, but the winter maintenance of rooted cuttings is more problematic.

In the network, quite often you can find images of Brugmancia seed packages from various companies.

Basics of culture

When the temperature drops below 10 ° C and is harvested for wintering, it is recommended to prune the ends of the branches. But it is worth remembering about the spring, when the plant will grow and give you a lot of cuttings, and do not forget that deep pruning can reduce the “flowering zone” of next year. Flowers (“flowering zone”) are formed at Brugmansia at the “forks” of the branches. How else to accurately define this "zone"? In foreign literature there are indications that the “flowering zone” has leaflets that are asymmetrical at the base.

So, the main wish for pruning is not to remove the “forks” of the branches, since it is on them that the flowers are formed, pay attention when autumn pruning and not to remove the shoots with asymmetrical leaves. So remember the "golden mean" in this matter.

The substrate for Brugmans is recommended to be slightly acidic, and fertilizing is recommended throughout the entire growth period. Many gardeners send Brugmans to winter in other containers - old buckets, drawers, even heavy bags, and the capacity from under the Brugmansia is slightly frozen. Obviously, it is useful to combat rot and pests that can "pounce" on the plant, accumulate over the season in the substrate.

My personal problem with Brugmancia is a spider mite and a high wintering temperature in an apartment. So the fate of my Brugmans is to grow on the balcony and go into the "good hands" of friends with a personal house and a plot with it. It is easier for me to ask for a stalk or buy a new variety from my hands. Prices this year for such cuttings are small - about 2 conventional units, and the whole plant can be bought for 10-15 conventional units.

This year, for the first time, I saw a whole “garden of Brugmans” planted directly into the ground. They looked fine, but wintered in the greenhouse. If you have such an opportunity - try it! When landing directly into the ground, you can avoid some problems, for example, overflow and rot, tightness of capacity. In addition, in the soil the plant can reach its full size, which is often impossible when grown in a pot.

Plant description

Brugmansia is an exotic culture, coming from the Bean family. Due to the fact that the culture is poisonous, it is forbidden to have it in bedrooms and children's rooms. The best location of the flower is a winter garden or a greenhouse. It is important to remember that growing an Angel's Tube flower is quite difficult, and this will require a lot of work and patience from the grower.

The place of origin of the evergreen shrub is the subtropical region of South America. Other flower names are Datura, Tree Brugmansia, Demon Tree and Angel Tubes. A plant is called a demon because of its poisonous properties, and an angel - because of its attractive and elegant flowers.

In the wild, the plant likes to grow in the forest, in the river valleys. With any method of growing for the winter, the flower must be brought into the room without fail so that it does not suffer from low temperatures. Most often the flower in the winter on the street just dies.

Features of growing

In the southern regions, the Angel Pipes are planted in the soil. In winter, the above-ground part of the plant dies, but the root system itself remains until spring, after which new shoots bloom from it.

Wild brugmansia can reach a height of 5 meters, among the room there are smaller varieties. Culture leaves are large, oval in shape, with wavy edges (reach 1.5 meters in length). The flowers can be bell-shaped, funnel-shaped, elongated and large - up to 20 centimeters in diameter, up to 50 in length.

The color of flowers depends on the variety, it can be yellow, cream, red and even orange, which gives the grower the opportunity to choose for himself any color. Among the new varieties of isolated two-and tricolor flowers. The aroma of the plant is quite bright, it becomes stronger in the evening and at night.

The poisonous properties of the flower Angel Tubes have a psychotropic effect, which is important to consider when growing crops in an apartment. For normal growth and flowering flower should ensure a cold winter. Brugmansia in a pot should not be grown in a house where there are young children and pets. Plants should be placed in a room remote from the bedroom. Psychotropic effects become stronger at night.

The main types of shrubs

Brugmania varieties can differ significantly from each other in shape and appearance of their flowers. The following popular varieties are distinguished:

  1. Brugmansia fragrant. The flower is white or pale yellow in color, in length reaches 30 centimeters and is directed downwards. Flowering culture is particularly abundant and when growing a flower in a greenhouse can last 12 months. The shrub has a central trunk and sparse branches.
  2. Brugmansia is golden. Flowers are presented in all shades of yellow; they are distinguished by a wide bend and 30 cm long. The leaves are tapered and tinged with a dark green tint.
  3. Brugmansia snow white. In height reaches three meters. The leaves are distinguished by a velvety structure, 25 centimeters long and white in color.
  4. Brugmansia bloody - the most resistant to low temperatures. Bright flowers are colored red, yellow and orange. The smell of this variety is not so bright in comparison with others.
  5. Brugmansia multi-colored. On the culture bloom long flowers - 50 centimeters. They are painted in cream color, which eventually turns into peach.

Most often, growers choose a variety of fragrant brugmansia for growing in an apartment.

How does the landing in open ground?

Planting Brugmansii and care in the open field are not particularly difficult, even an inexperienced gardener can handle it. Culture prefers bright and warm places, so it is forbidden to grow it all year-round in the garden (especially in areas with a cold climate). Even with mild winters, the culture is restored for a long time after the cold weather and by the summer does not have time to bloom normally.

How does the trumpet angel winter? If the gardener wants to grow this plant in the garden, then in winter he will have to bring it into the room. Planting in the soil consists in transferring a flower in the fall to a voluminous tub together with a clod of earth and growing it indoors in the winter, which can be a winter garden or a simple apartment.

In the spring time, as soon as the air temperature rises to 10 degrees and the danger of night frosts disappears, the plant is transferred back to the garden, in which it quickly adapts and soon begins to delight the florist with beautiful and lush flowers.

The main lack of cultivation on this principle is the root system, which grows heavily over the summer, which complicates its transfer and cultivation indoors during the cold season.

Reproduction of culture

Brugmancia is propagated by one of the following methods:

Brugmancia from seeds reproduces easily, but when choosing a seed, the grower must take into account that they are varietal.

The seeds are sown from January to February in separate pots - laid out on the soil and sprinkled on top of a layer of sand (5-10 millimeters). Next, the pots are closed with foil and stored at a temperature of 22 degrees. Planted in a specially prepared soil mixture consisting of peat, loam and humus in a ratio of 2: 1: 1.

Angel's Pipe Flower and how to care for it?

Caring for Brugmancia is a rather complicated process, which includes the following steps:

  • trimming the crown,
  • transplant
  • maintaining one temperature regime - from 23 to 28 degrees Celsius in the summer,
  • providing a cool wintering
  • long ambient lighting,
  • protection against drafts and sudden temperature changes
  • watering as the soil dries,
  • maintaining wet conditions in the room and spraying,
  • feeding every 14 days with mineral fertilizers and organic.

Plant formation

How to cut Brugmans? In early March, the culture is carried out hygienic pruning. Eliminate all damaged, long and weak branches that interfere with the plant and impair its appearance. Y-shaped shoots need to be left, because it is from them that flower stalks form.

When forming a culture, it is important not to overdo it, as excessive pruning will adversely affect the flowering of the plant. When pruning a plant, it is important to remember its toxicity and be sure to use gloves.

Another way of wintering the plant is to keep the summer regime of watering and feeding, providing a warm place and compensating for additional lighting. Thus, it will be possible to deceive the plant, and it will continue to actively bloom.

Description and features

Refers to evergreen shrubs. It grows in the subtropical climate of South America. During its existence, has acquired a lot of nicknames - they call it angelic trumpets, a dope, a demon tree. The last two names are related to the content of toxic substances in the chemical composition.

In nature, it settles mainly in wooded areas of river valleys. Growing Brugmansia in the open field in our lane is impossible - in winter the plant freezes. They are used as a tub culture - in the winter they are kept at home, and in summer, if possible, they are taken out into the street.

In the natural environment grows to five meters. In room culture, hybrid undersized varieties are more common. Looks decorative all year round. The leaves are large, oval. The edges are wavy. Flowers look like bells, very large. In nature, the length of the flower reaches half a meter. The apartments are smaller. The colors are different - there are varieties with red, green, orange, yellow flowers. The aroma is pleasant, intense, by night it becomes stronger.

Varieties for home cultivation

For cultivation in the apartment adapted only a few varieties of Brugmansia. There are artificially bred hybrid varieties.

  • Brugmansia yellow (golden). The color scheme is different shades of yellow. Compared with other varieties characterized by a wide limb of the petals.
  • Brugmansia snow white. High tree plant up to 3 meters. Flowers are large, dazzling white. The apartments are grown mainly hybrid forms.
  • Brugmansia multi-colored (variegated). Lush shrub up to 4 meters tall. The flowers are very large - on average from 30 to 50 cm. The flowers that have just blossomed are white, gradually acquiring a peach shade. Aroma pleasant, appears in the evening.
  • Brugmansia fragrant (fragrant). Sometimes there is such a name as Brugmansia pink because of the unusual pink color for the genus. There are varieties with yellow flowers. Name received for a strong flavor. Flowers are large, with elongated tips.
  • Brugmansia bloody. The natural form is distinguished by bright red flowers. The color range of artificially bred varieties is wider. It is more resistant to cold.

Especially beautiful Brugmansia terry. There are several hybrid varieties with beautiful double flowers.

Trimming rules

Pruned shrubs at the very beginning of spring, even before the appearance of young shoots. Without pruning the bush will grow strongly, become shapeless, will take up a lot of space. First of all get rid of dry and diseased branches. Healthy cut to third. They shorten both the main and lateral shoots.

Young plants are not pruned. The first pruning is carried out one year after the first flowering. Side horizontal branches leave. It is noticed that on them there is an active bookmark of flower buds. Pruning is done every spring - the flower tolerates the procedure painlessly.

Breeding methods

Growing Brugmansia from seed at home requires patience and certain skills. Seeds germinate reluctantly, but seedlings develop quickly. The first bloom occurs already 2-3 years after planting.

Seeds are sown in spring in moist light soil. The embedding depth is about 1 cm. Beforehand, seeds are soaked in a growth stimulator for 1-2 days. Planting container covered with glass, kept warm with good lighting. Instead of watering sprayed the surface of the soil from the spray. Germination time is about 3 weeks.

After the appearance of sprout spraying up to three times a day. Shelter removed. Pick on the stage of the fifth present leaflet. Two-month-old seedlings are fed with nitrogen fertilizer, four-month - with a complex mineral preparation. In addition to sowing seeds, two methods of vegetative propagation are used.

  • Cuttings. The best time for grafting is spring, along with pruning. As the stalk is used branched part of the stem. The leaves are cut, the stalk is put in water with the addition of a growth stimulator. It is recommended to change the water daily. About 10 days later, after the appearance of the first roots, the stalk is transplanted into the sand-peat mixture.
  • Layering. Rooted layering in late spring. Choose healthy biennial branches. Closer to the top of the ring remove the bark - roots will appear here. The area with damaged bark is dipped in a growth stimulator, wrapped with sphagnum, plastic wrap, fixed with an elastic band. Before the roots appear, moss is systematically moistened. Roots appear in about a month. The rooted branch is cut off and planted in light ground.

The use of Brugmansia in landscape design

A large plant with beautiful flowers is usually used as a tapeworm or center of the flower arrangement. Brugmansia is often planted in the middle of a green lawn, in an open area, leaving space around so that you can admire its flowering from a certain distance.

For northern gardens, exotic brugmansia is more a kadochno plant than a garden one. Поэтому как лимонные и апельсиновые деревья ее часто выносят на террасу только на лето, так и оставляя в кадке до холодов.

Советы по выращиванию бругмансии

Illumination. Бругмансия светолюбивое растение. Ее лучше высадить на хорошо освещенном участке. Иногда можно встретить рекомендации держать ее в полутени, но эти рекомендации больше подходят для южных областей. Неяркое северное солнце должно освещать кустик большую часть дня. Иногда на солнечном месте цветки бледные, растение растет медленно.The reason is not the excess sun, but the lack of moisture in the upper soil layer.

The soil. The soil should be fertile and moisture-consuming. Brugmancia is growing rapidly, absorbing a lot of nutrients and moisture from the soil. Acidity does not matter.

Fertilizer. Fertilization is the key to abundant flowering (ammonium nitrate is preferred).

Pruning. Pruning done if necessary. Remove sick and weak shoots. Remove the stepchildren (shoots that appear from the leaf sinus). You can not remove the Y-shaped branched shoots, because they form flower stalks.

Breeding. Brugmansii can be propagated by seed, cuttings and division of the mother bush. When breeding seeds varietal characteristics may not be inherited. In addition, the flowering will have to wait for a long time, sometimes for several years.

The easiest way to propagate cuttings or dividing the bush. For grafting take branched shoots from the top of the crown length of 15-25 cm and having a top growing point. They may bloom soon after the roots appear. You can also use lateral cuttings, but they will begin to bloom later when they mature.

The lower leaves are removed from the cuttings, placed in water and placed in a warm and bright place. It is useful to add 1-2 tablets of activated carbon to water. The cuttings placed in water quickly give roots, they appear already in one or two weeks. Then they are transplanted into separate pots with a light substrate (2 parts of peat, 1 part of sand and 1 part of perlite). The first time the cuttings must be sprayed daily and kept in a warm room.

When dividing the bush you need to split the hardened upper part of the bush with a shovel. Delenki can be planted in pots and kept until spring.

Wintering. The absence of frosty winters allows you to keep Brugmans in the soil. Non-lignified shoots disappear in winter, but new shoots from roots appear in spring and by the end of summer flowering is observed.

A colder climate requires wintering indoors. Kadochnye plants transferred to the house when at night the temperature drops to +7 degrees. Garden bushes are excavated in the fall, often divided into small pieces and transplanted into containers. For the winter, it is better to put them in a bright, cool room, to keep with minimal watering, only that the ground was slightly damp.

If it is impossible to create the conditions described above, Brugmancia can be stored in a dark basement at a temperature of + 5 ÷ 8 ° C. At the same time it is impossible to bring the earth to complete dryness.

Features of growing in cold climates. Gardeners of the south of Russia use an interesting method of cultivation. Brugmansia, grown from cuttings or seeds, is kept for the first year in a container, preferably in a garden or on a veranda. It blooms in the fall, if the frost comes early, it does not bloom. A pot with a plant at a cold snap is transferred to a cool place - on a closed veranda, in a greenhouse, less often kept in a house.

In the spring, when the time of frost has passed, Brugmancia is carried out into the garden and rolled into a hole or dropped into the soil so that the roots can grow through the holes in the pot. In this case, flowering occurs in early summer and lasts until autumn. It is usually impossible to transfer the bush to the house again in the autumn because of its size, therefore at the end of the summer one should take care of the rooting of new cuttings.

All-all Brugmansia in our garden

I think that most gardeners are thirsty for everything new and collect all kinds, varieties, hybrids of the botanical kind of plant they like - Brugmansia. It is rather difficult for a non-expert to understand what kind of plant it is, so I will try to give images of other, most common Brugmans.

Perspective Brugmansia

These are the Brugmans that we meet rarely or not at all. But they will soon appear on our sites.

Brugmansia suaveolens variegata

Brugmansia sanguinea


Lush Brugmansia 'Adretta' from the Belarusian nursery "Sadko"

Brugmansia 'Snowbank'featuring unusual leaf color


"Namesake" - Brugmansia 'Salmon Perfection'

Brugmansia 'Angels Sunbeam' with "high-rise" flowers

Gentle and airy Brugmansia 'Summer Magic'


Brugmansia 'Langenbuscher Garten'


Graceful Brugmansia 'Miss Rhianna'


Photos found on the Internet.

And this is not all new varieties. The variety 'Miss Rhianna' shook me to the depths of my soul. In the description of the variety is listed as a variety with a double or more perianth. Parents were Brugmansia 'Rosalie' and Brugmansia 'Dark Rosetta' x 'Apricot Queen'. It should be noted that in the selection of brugmans precisely this direction in the form of a flower is very popular. Already there are many shades of such a "high-rise" flower.

As you can see, there are many varieties (hundreds). But there are few types of Brugmansia: they allocate up to seven. To the already mentioned, you can add only Brugmansia vulcanicola and Brugmansia versicolor, Brugmansia insignis.

Brugmansia is poisonous!

It should be remembered that all parts of Brugmancia are poisonous because they contain scopolamine and other alkaloids. Where there are small children - it does not belong. Or it is necessary to securely protect the plant, to limit access to the site with it. Brugmansia can cause poisoning, diarrhea, even hallucinations with partial loss of memory (I think the connection with the dope is traced here). In the medical and legal field, the issue of abuse of this raw material will not be raised, since the effect of this plant has a sharply negative effect. Yes, and no one will risk their health and freedom. I think you should just enjoy the view of this wonderful plant.

Brugmansia in the works of artists

Traditional selection of paintings inspired by plant artists.

Here is Brugmancia in the picture of the Australian artist Derryl Trotta.

She is very interesting in the painting of Julia Schwartz.

Not bypassed it attention in the works of our artists. Here is the work of Tatiana (Taruta).

And you have growing brugmansia? Share your experience!

Brugmansia: growing and care, photos of flowering plants

In ancient times, the population of South America considered this plant divine, people worshiped him and asked him for protection. But for us, Brugmansia is a flowering perennial ornamental shrub with rather large oval leaves, pointed at the end.

Brugmansia: species and varieties, photos of flowering plants

Some domestic gardeners manage to grow bushes up to 2.5 meters in their gardens. Brugmansia flowers differ funnel-shaped and unusual wavy edges. They spread a slightly sweetish flavor that intensifies in the afternoon. The fruit of the plant is also very original. It is a large box, studded with spines on top, and inside it is filled with brown or black seeds. There is another feature: in every cell of this plant contains alkaloids, which make it very poisonous.

Brugmansia: description, biological features

The beautiful Brugmansia loves warmth, moisture and loose fertile soil. In addition, it needs good lighting and reliable protection from the winds. On a quiet, sunny area, it forms a large bush and pleases the owners with abundant flowering, and in a shady place it quickly loses leaves and flowers, or it can even die. The quality of flowering largely depends on water. Brugmansia needs hard water, and if not, then in the summer it is advisable to pour it with lime water several times (1 g / liter).

Overheating of the root system adversely affects the plant. Most often this happens during container growing, especially in dark containers that accumulate solar heat.

Varieties of Brugmansia

  • Brugmansia suaveolens (fragrant) is a very popular species. She attracts gardeners not only with fairy-tale bells, but also with the intoxicating scent that her flowers exude.
  • Brugmansia versicolor is a real champion, because its flowers can grow up to half a meter. At the beginning of flowering, they are white, and after a while they magically become soft apricot.
  • Brugmansia sanguinea surprises not only with color (its flowers are red at the bottom and yellow at the top), but also with its shape. This is a completely flat tube with a small whisk at the end.
  • Brugmansia × candida is a favorite hybrid of European gardeners. The most common varieties are GrandMarnier with orange-red flowers, Dalen`s Pink Amour with pink flowers and double “cape” and Plena with pale white flowers, which also have a non-standard double “cape”.

How to grow brugmansii from seed

Brugmansia can be propagated with the help of seeds. In the second half of February, they are soaked in a solution of the biostimulating drug "Kornevin" and kept for a day or two. Then they need to be sown in a neutral substrate, cover with a film and put in a warm room (temperature 25-27 °).

If necessary, crops should be moistened and ventilated, in addition, seedlings should be sufficiently illuminated, otherwise they will stretch. After the appearance of the first 2 pairs of leaflets, the seedlings swoop - young plants are planted in individual pots, trying not to bury them much (the root neck should be above the ground). Landing into the ground is carried out at the same time as when cutting, that is, with the arrival of stable heat. Brugmancia, grown from seeds, blooms in the second half of summer.

Cultivation

As for the care, it is also not difficult. The plant needs good watering and regular feeding (alternation of ash infusions and organic matter). Brugmansia blooms until the cold of October. To bloom was intense and stable, wilted flowers must be removed.

At the end of the season, the plants are determined for wintering: they dig, cut the branches, place them in bulk buckets together with a clod of earth and transfer them to a room with a constant temperature of about 15 ° C.

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