People have long known about the beneficial properties of this wonderful plant. So, its juice is widely used for medical purposes, for example, in dentistry, surgery, as well as in obstetric and gynecological practice. The fact is that he is able to stop the inflammatory processes, and also has the ability to very quickly clean up ulcers and wounds from epithelization and necrotic tissue. It is practically non-toxic, and also does not cause irritation of the mucous and skin.
In dentistry, this juice is very often used in the treatment of periodontal disease, gingivitis and stomatitis. In surgery, it is used to treat bedsores, severe burns, trophic ulcers, as well as wounds that do not heal for a very long time. In gynecology, it is most often used for cracks in the nipples, and even for ruptures obtained during childbirth. By the way, for therapeutic purposes it is best to use adult Kalanchoe.
But Kalanchoe juice is used not only for medical purposes. It is also widely used in cosmetology, as it has excellent anti-aging abilities.
Care Kalanchoe at home
This plant is not demanding and very easy to care for him. Also, it feels great at home. Experienced flower growers are advised in the case when after flowering the Kalanchoe loses its decorative effect, divide it into cuttings.
It is very fond of light and is able to safely carry direct sunlight. And also it feels great in rooms where there is a lack of light.
This plant does not need any special temperature conditions. So, in the warm season, it grows well and develops at an air temperature of 20-24 degrees. In the autumn-winter period, the temperature should be somewhat lower, namely 12–15 degrees. The fact is that if during this period the kalanchoe is in the heat, then it will not break the bud of flower buds. Also worth knowing that drafts he is not afraid.
In summer, the flower is better to move to the street. It should be noted that it is recommended to provide protection against precipitation.
How to water?
Thanks to the fleshy juicy leaves and stems, this plant will not exactly wither if you forget to water it in time. In the spring and summer, watering is carried out once or twice a week. With the onset of cold weather, the plant should not be watered so often. Make sure that the upper part of the soil between watering must dry out. Remember that stagnant water in the soil can contribute to fungal diseases.
Kalanchoe: growing and care at homeAt home, only a few Kalanchoe varieties are grown: Cirrus, Blosfeld, Single-flowered and Daygremonta. But whichever of these species grow in your home, the care of the plant will be about the same.
Terms of content Kalanchoe
Representatives of the "home" Kalanchoe belong to the family of crass jugs, they all come from the tropics, and therefore are unpretentious, can for a long time do without moisture, and in a humid environment. To survive in an extreme climate zone, the leaves of the plant accumulate water during the rainy period, and then economically use it. Kalanchoe does not need scrupulous care at home, this plant does not require frequent transplantation and many fertilizers.
Since a tropical plant is unpretentious, any place in the house where the sun's rays fall is suitable for it, special lighting is not required for Kalanchoe. The plant feels great in a bright and semi-dark room.
Ideal - to put a flower on the windowsill of the east or west window. It is desirable to provide flowering species with plenty of sunshine in winter. If the Kalanchoe is clearly deficient in light, it weakens. The lower leaves fall, and the upper ones turn pale.
Humidity in your room - the least important indicator for the normal existence of Kalanchoe, because the plant can keep water in the leaves. Thanks to this, Kalanchoe easily tolerates drought. One has only to ensure that the water does not fall on the leaves from above, as this can provoke a disease of the plant.
Watering the soil: winter-summerLand in a pot should be watered abundantly, so that the water completely soaked it. But the surplus needs to be drained, because the soil should dry well between irrigations. In the hot summer period, water procedures should be made more frequent, and in winter, water Kalanchoe every 2 weeks. If the plant is overfilled, it can lead to the formation of rot and mold fungi, and its roots will quickly deteriorate.
It is not necessary to spray room Kalanchoe. In winter, such a procedure can generally harm the plant. But in order to remove dust from the leaves, the flower must be periodically cleaned with a soft cloth.
Top dressing of a flower
About once a month, Kalanchoe should be fertilized with compounds that are well suited for succulents. If you are the owner of a flowering plant, reinforce it with complex fertilizer, otherwise Kalanchoe will not bloom. We advise you to use only half the dose indicated on the package, and in the winter, you should not fertilize the Kalanchoe at all.
Be sure to cut the flowering kalanchoe, because during this period the plant weakens. The peduncle must be cut to the ground so that the part that remains will not rot. All areas of the plant that look bad, do not be afraid and do not regret to let under the scissors, and the young shoots - to root.
In the summer, it will be nice to pin the tops of Kalanchoe so that shoots are formed on the sides. If this is not done, the plant will acquire an ugly shape and will grow.
Proper transplantation is the key to good growth.Let's now consider how to spread out Kalanchoe at home. It is not difficult at all. The flower needs a transplant once a year, at the end of March. In the pots to adult plants, you can pour new earth, but the roots should not go beyond the borders of the florist.
You need to repot the plant in a pot that is about 2-3 cm more than the previous one. Carefully remove the plant from the old “house”, remembering that it has fragile stems and leaves. To transplant Kalanchoe you need the following soil composition: sand, leaf soil, turf ground - in proportions of 1: 1. You can add a little humus.
Reproduction of Kalanchoe at home can be done in different ways, the most popular and effective of them: cuttings, children and seeds. Not every way is universal and suitable for any type of Kalanchoe.
Kalanchoe Blossfelda pleases the eye with a beautiful bloom. This type of plant is recommended not only to propagate by cuttings, but also to be updated after each flowering. From the top of the shoots need to grow new plants. After all, this Kalanchoe quickly grows and stretches, and therefore loses its attractive appearance. In addition, after flowering on the plant remains bald spots.
For grafting suitable another group of plants with branching thin stems. Its most famous representative is Kalanchoe Mangina. To grow a thick bush plant, it must often be cut. Cut parts will be cuttings.The appearance of an adult plant depends on the shape of the cutting, so be very serious about choosing young shoots. They should be about 8 cm in length with lush beautiful leaves. Planting need to stalk so that the lower leaves lay on the surface of the soil. Bald part of the escape can be shortened to the desired size. When the seedling is rooted, it needs to be pinched in order to get a beautiful lush bush.
This breeding method is used for viviparous varieties, such as the Kalanchoe pinnate and Kalanchoe Degremona. In these species brood buds are formed on the leaves - small plants with a shaped rosette of tiny leaves and thin roots. Having reached the required size, they fall from the parent sheet and take root in the soil. These are the kids you need for new copies. Moreover, they can be planted in the ground immediately.Kalanchoe felt or Kalanchoee feathery refers to exotic species.Such adult plants are difficult to find on sale, so they are propagated by seed. The best time for this is February or March. Seeds scatter on top of the soil, which consists of peat and sand. Then it should be covered with glass and put on light, the air temperature should not exceed 20 ° C. Seedlings need to regularly moisturize and air. After they grow up, transplant in a special soil.
Diseases and pests of Kalanchoe, ways to combat them
Kalanchoe, like all home plants, is prone to diseases and attacks of pests. If the kalanchoe dies, and you don’t know what to do, you will find a list of common diseases and methods for treating these plants.
- Spice ring virus. It affects the leaves. Light spots appear on them. Fight this disease through isolation and destruction of affected plants.
Anomalous growth virus. Young leaves become light, and old - coarse and ugly. Affected plant must be destroyed.
Green petals. During flowering petals become small and green. To overcome the virus is almost impossible, so the plant must be isolated and destroyed.
Multi claw ticks. Leaves and cuttings affects brown scab. Leaves harden, bend, do not grow. Small white mites appear on them. To prevent infection, you need to regularly inspect the plant. At the first signs of infection - treat Kalanchoe soap. If the lesion is in an advanced stage, the drugs "Lightning", "Fitoverm", "Akarin", "Vertimek" will help.
Mealy dew. On the leaves appears white bloom, like flour. The disease affects flowers, and the plant takes on a brown color. Kalanchoe needs to be treated with biological fungicides, and with the running form, the preparations “Strobe”, “Tiovit Jet”, “Topaz” will help.
Gray rot. Affected areas of the plant become soft and transparent. If the humidity is high, a gray patina may appear. To destroy the rot, it is necessary to remove the dying parts of the plant. In winter, try to reduce the humidity in the apartment. Kalanchoe must be in a dry state so that dew does not form. Do not spray the plant. This problem also shows the drugs "Chistotsvet" and "Scor."
Ticks. Yellow droplets appear on the leaves of the affected plants, after which the leaves become discolored and dry. Young shoots are deformed. Small pests live on the underside of the leaf on the web. To avoid mites, the plant should not be in a room with high temperature and dry air. In case of a weak injury, treat Kalanchoe with soap, and in a more difficult situation, Akarin, Molniya, Vertimek, Fitoverm will help you.
Stem rot. On the shoots and leaves form black watery specks. The infected plant must be isolated and sprayed with the preparations “Saprol” or “Rovral”. If they did not help, then the sick Kalanchoe will have to be destroyed.
Late blight. The affected parts of the plant wither and die. The rot begins to infect the base of the stem and passes to the leaves. Sick plants need to be destroyed, and the remaining contain in a dry place.
Aphid. The leaves twist and turn yellow. When running form visible discharge aphids. Weakly affected areas are washed with soapy water, and in severe cases they are treated with Iskra, Komandor, Detsis, Tanrek, Actellic or tobacco dust.
Despite its "Spartan" origin and upbringing, Kalanchoe, like all home plants, needs proper and regular care. If you follow our recommendations, it will delight with its beauty and pomp.
Rules care Kalanchoe
Growing Kalanchoe is usually not difficult. This houseplant is quite unpretentious, care for him at home is elementary and simple. But for a long time to please the eye with lush flowering, young shoots and leaves full of healing juice, you need to know certain rules, which cover its planting, care and reproduction.
So, they plant Kalanchoe in any suitable flower pot with drainage from expanded clay into the soil poured with sand, poor in organic matter. A pot with a young plant should be in a well-lit place - either on the windowsill, or on the balcony or loggia.
Water it after drying the upper earthen coma, using room temperature water in the can. It is important not to overfill the plant - the pan must remain dry.
Otherwise, there is a high probability of rotting of its roots, as well as leaves and stems, if water gets on them. For the same reason, it is not recommended to spray Kalanchoe. This is due to the fact that this indoor flower has special fabrics intended for the accumulation of liquid, which it consumes in case of insufficient watering. Than asparagus and many other ornamental plants cannot boast. With an oversupply of watering, the Kalanchoe starts to hurt, so it will be preferable for it to be underfilled.
The optimum temperature recommended for this home grown flower is 19 degrees with regular airing of the room in which it grows. Care Kalanchoe also implies its annual feeding. For this purpose, special succulent fertilizers are used. Feed them out of schedule can be a diseased or weakened plant. It is best to do this in the summer, at least in the fall or spring. Feeding succulents in the winter season is not recommended.Video about the right care for flowering Kalanchoe
Seeds should be sown in a well-moistened soil, not sprinkling them with earth, then place the container under the glass and ventilate it regularly. A month later, the germinated seeds are transplanted into a pot under polyethylene until the first sprouts appear.
Your home kalanchoe will be beautiful, young and healthy only if you provide him with the right care, which will concern both the right watering, and regular feeding, and timely pinching of the babies, and occasional renewal.
First you need to pay attention to the choice planting pot this plant. What pot is needed for Kalanchoe? It is advisable to choose a pot with small protrusions at the bottom, so that there is a small space between the bottom and bottom of the pot. This will help avoid stagnant moisture.
The next thing to prepare is priming. So, what kind of ground is needed for Kalanchoe?
Soil mixture made of three equal parts:
- River sand,
- Leafy ground.
Which one the soil need for Kalanchoe? Suitable store soil for succulents with a small addition of sand.
Necessary soil composition for Kalanchoe:
- 3 pieces of coarse sand or perlite,
- 2 pieces of turf land,
- 2 parts of humus (leafy ground),
- 2 parts peat.
As it can be broken bricks or, for example, pebbles.
After soil for flowering kalanchoe prepared, you need to plant the plant itself.
Water Kalanchoe recommended no more than two times a week. The soil should not dry out. There should not be excessive moisture, so the water from the pallet is periodically drained.
Water for watering is first settled, its temperature should be at room temperature.
Water carefully, so that the moisture does not fall on the stem, otherwise, it can rot.
With the onset of cold weather, and, until warming, watering Kalanchoe reduce. Humidity in the room should not be too high, the plant from this will begin to wither and lose its presentation.
For the normal functioning of the plant requires timely soil loosening and dressing about once a month. The temperature in the room should not be below 16 degrees.
In the first year the plant blooms all winter. True, for this you need to regularly get rid of wilted flowers. But in order for the bloom to repeat next year, the flower needs rest in the autumn.
It must be removed away from the bright light and provide the so-called night period up to 14 hours. In the evening, cover the flower with a cloth to protect from light.
Growing kalanchoe at home does not require much effort, just need to comply with certain conditions.
Right pot for Kalanchoe a photo:
Reproduction of decorative Kalanchoe
How to propagate blooming Kalanchoe at home? If the length of daylight hours is less than 12 hours, the reproduction of this plant is better to postpone or additionally use a fluorescent lamp.
Air temperature during the daytime, it should warm up to a maximum of 24 degrees, the lower limit of the temperature at night should be 18 degrees.
При посеве семян каланхоэ, температурный режим должен соблюдаться в пределах 21 – 24 градусов. Посевы необходимо регулярно проветривать.
Как посадить отросток и как вырастить каланхоэ из отростка at home? Садить отросток каланхоэ нужно после того как он будет иметь хорошие, развитые корни. После этого его нужно хорошенько поливать.
And to accelerate the process of development and the formation of an adult plant, you need to create a greenhouse effect. For this process, cover the glass jar.
How and when can the Kalanchoe be transplanted? at home? Transplant Kalanchoe at home they do once a year, every spring. This should be done strictly after flowering.
The need for transplantation is that the plant develops, the root system grows and ceases to fit in the pot, it becomes small.
New pot must be acquired larger in sizethan the previous one. New container is washed with soap and rinsed with potassium permanganate.
How to transplant or plant a flowering kalanchoe in another pot? Before you begin to transplant, the flower is thoroughly watered and pulled out of the pot.
If the plant is not too large, shake off excess soil from the roots. If there are diseased roots, they are cut. We must act extremely careful not to damage healthy roots.
Is it possible to replant Kalanchoe in the fall? Not. It is necessary to replant Kalanchoe at the end of spring, when the plant is in the most active phase.
At the bottom of the pot pour drainage, then a layer of sand and a small layer of earth. After that, the plant is placed in a pot and sprinkled with earth so that there are no roots on the surface. Then, watering follows. If necessary, sprinkle some more earth.
You can't call Kalanchoe a capricious plant. Its cultivation will not create big problems for an experienced gardener or an amateur.
The main thing is to follow simple recommendations, and the plant will delight its owner with a healthy look and long flowering.
How to feed
Flowering plants should be fed with more fertilizers than those that do not bloom. Top dressing is done 1 time in 4 weeks from April to September. To do this, apply a universal fertilizer (1/2 part of the recommended dosage). Those species that do not bloom should be fed with fertilizer for cacti.
For Kalanchoe a great mixture for succulents. If you want to make the earth mix yourself, then mix the sand, humus, as well as the leaf and sod land taken in equal proportions. Do not forget about a good drainage layer.
Transplantation is carried out every year, but it is only while the plant is young. After it becomes an adult, it can be transplanted once every 2 or 3 years.
The flowering species of this plant requires good bright lighting, because otherwise it will not bloom. If there is enough light for a plant, then its flowers will be big and bright.
If in winter the Kalanchoe is in the heat, then he will not have flower buds. Therefore, it must be moved to a cool room. And if you want your flower to bloom in the winter months, then you need to artificially reduce its daylight hours to 10 hours in the summer.
The pruning procedure should be carried out after the plant stops blooming. The stalks are pruned quite a bit and dried buds are removed. Thus, you save the flower decoration.
You can multiply Kalanchoe in various ways. So, for this great kids (if any), seeds, as well as leaf and stem cuttings.
Due to the fact that the seeds are extremely small in size, they are not sprinkled with soil when sown, but simply spread over its surface. Watering should be done exclusively using a spray. Sowing is best done from January to March.
The easiest way to propagate this plant is by cuttings. For example, you can root any of the sheets. Children with the formed roots are planted in a fertile earthen substrate, which is pre-mixed with a small amount of sand.
In rare cases, worms and aphids may occur. The fight against them is similar to the one that is usually used for plants of this species.
Types of Kalanchoe
Indoors, you can grow many types of Kalanchoe. So, the decorative flowering species called Kalanchoe Blossfeld (Kalanchoe blossfeldiana) is very popular. It is undersized shrub, which can reach a height of 45 centimeters (there are also dwarf forms). Its smooth leaves, with beautiful wavy edges, are painted in dark green. It blooms very nicely with yellow, pink, white, orange or red flowers.
The Kalanhoe Calandiva variety (Kalanhoe Calandiva), the ancestor of which became the Kalanchos of Blossfeld, is undemanding in the care and having beautiful flowers. This plant is not very tall, but it has a lot of both simple and bright double flowers. Blossom is very long. It begins at the beginning or mid-spring, and ends in the fall. After the plant stops blooming, it is recommended to prune those stems that have stretched. Watering should be reduced, and rearranged the pot in partial shade, because the plant begins a period of rest.
Such varieties as Kalanchoe pinnata and Kalanchoe daigremontiana are very popular. Their main difference from all the others is that the daughter plants form right on the parent leaves. In plants of this type of triangular elongated leaves, as well as a straight stalk. On the edges of the leaves between the teeth, brood buds appear, of which the children are formed, which have roots. After the baby falls, it is very fast rooting.
Kalanchoe manginii (Kalanchoe manginii) is also a popular decorative flowering species. This species has drooping stems on which small leaves are located. Its flowers reach a length of 2 centimeters and have a bell-shaped form.
Kalanchoe thyrsiflora (Kalanchoe thyrsiflora) is very unusual. It has round leaves, which have a double color. So, the main part of the sheet is painted in light green, and closer to the edges it smoothly turns into red. It blooms with yellow flowers, having a small size.
Kalanchoe beharensis is also very often grown. This plant is a shrub and has upright stems. The leaves, covered with a bluish-gray bloom, have a triangular shape, and they have wavy edges. Over time, they begin to fall off.
Kalanchoe tomentosa leaves, colored greenish-silver, have a brownish strip along the edge. They are covered with down and have an oblong shape.
A very unusual color of the leaves of Kalanchoe marmorata (Kalanchoe marmorata). They are light green with dark brown large spots. In length, the flowers reach 6 centimeters and have a white color.
Location and lighting
Kalanchoe is not demanding to the light. In summer, the flower will be comfortable on the western and eastern windows. In winter, south is preferable. If the plant is in bright sunlight, it can get burned. Therefore, in the summer it should be pritenyat. With a lack of light, the Home Doctor is drawn out, his flowers become small and inconspicuous.
A prerequisite for flowering Kalanchoe is a 12-hour light day. If you are interested in a regular and abundant flowering of the plant, then take care of the observance of this condition, pritenya plant in summer and increasing, with the help of artificial lighting, the length of the light in the autumn and winter.
Fertilizers and fertilizers
"Home ginseng" gratefully responds to fertilizing, which is carried out with any fertilizer for cacti. Experimentally developed and optimal feeding regimen: 1 time in 2 weeks, starting from the second half of May and until mid-July. Top dressing is resumed in late autumn, coinciding with the period of flower bud formation.
The need for a Kalanchoe transplant occurs when the pot becomes too small for the plant. It happens that as a result of abundant watering the soil turns sour. In this case, it is better to replace it by transplanting the plant.
Trimming and Pinching
In order for the plant to look beautiful, it needs to be regularly formed by cutting and pinching. Pruning shoots carried out in the spring. Strongly extended shoots of Kalanchoe shorten by 2/3 or even to half the length.
For the formation of a beautiful bush, in the beginning of summer, nip shoots are carried out. This is especially true for young plants. Light pruning is desirable to hold and after the plant flourishes.
Types of Kalanchoe
The genus Kalanchoe has about 20 species. Many of the plants are grown at home. The most popular are:
- Kalanchoe Blosfeld (Briofillum) - famous for its numerous flowers, gathered in inflorescence umbrella. Flowers are located on long peduncles and differ in a variety of colors. The plant is very unpretentious.
- Kalanchoe Kalandiva - obtained by breeding. It is distinguished by its modest size and a six-month flowering period.
- Kalanchoe Mangina is miniature (up to 15 cm) and is distinguished by exotic buds resembling small bells.
- Kalanchoe Degremona - never blooms. It has a straight stem and long (up to 10 cm) green triangular leaves.
- Kalanchoe pinnate is considered the most enduring species. It differs in height and unusual coloring of flowers: the white tones which are smoothly turning into green. Juice of this type of Kalanchoe is sold in a pharmacy.
Kalanchoe plant is very easy to grow at home, it can be done even for novice growers. If you follow certain rules, Kalanchoe will constantly delight with its beauty.