General information

Top tips for planting and caring for a monster at home

Monstera of the Aroid family in natural conditions grows in tropical forests of equatorial America and reaches large sizes.

At home, this vine, if not cut it grows to 6 meters.

Monstera has become popular among fans of indoor floriculture due to its bizarre appearance and unpretentiousness.

Caring for her is quite simple and even for beginners.

In addition to the decorative function, it is also beneficial - it ionizes the room air.

Among the wide variety of types of monsters for growing in room conditions such are suitable:

Monstera delicacy or lovely - fast-growing liana with dissected dark green leaves. Young leaves are whole heart-shaped. An adult plant may blossom under favorable conditions. Edible fruits after ripening taste like ripe pineapple. The variegated form of this species was also derived.

Monstera Borsig - subspecies monsters delicacy. A more graceful plant than its progenitor, the leaves are heart-shaped, up to 30 cm in diameter.

Monstera slanting - Liana originally from Brazil. Leaves are elliptical with oblong perforation on short petioles. It blooms with a small cob length up to 4 cm.

Monstera punched or holey - climbing vine with ovoid light green leaves. The ear grows up to 10 cm long.

Monstera: home care - breeding, transplanting

Monster is propagated by seeds, lateral processes, stem cuttings.

Seed method rarely used due to the fact that under the indoor conditions monstera blooms very rarely and to obtain seed material is quite problematic. If you are lucky enough to get the seeds, they are sown in a bowl with a mixture of peat and sand and germinated in a bright place at + 20-25 ° C. Shoots appear in 14-30 days. After regrowth of this leaflet, they pick the plants. As they grow, young monsteras are transplanted annually.

Monstera is much easier and easier to reproduce. vegetatively.

At the base of the stalk, monsters grow lateral shoots. In the spring they are separated, the sections are dried and powdered with cinnamon or charcoal powder. After this treatment, the plants are planted in the prepared soil. At the bottom of the planting containers must be poured drainage, then peat or humus soil, and the last layer - coarse sand. It is necessary to keep the room temperature + 20-25 ° C. Landings covered with transparent bags or put under glass jars. Periodically, the cuttings are airing and moisturizing. The emergence of new shoots indicates a successful rooting process.

You can multiply monster and stem cuttings with aerial roots. This method will help to rejuvenate the old vine with a bald trunk:

• The upper aerial roots are wrapped with moist sphagnum, and over with a cloth or porous material.

• Moss often moisturizes and ensures that there are no drafts in the room. Instead of moss, you can drop the air root in a container of water.

• In a humid environment, the air root forms a sponge of small roots.

• After that, the top of the stem is cut and planted in a pot, deepening the roots completely into the soil.

• If you plant a stalk to the old plant, the young leaves will cover the bare trunk.

Aerial roots in jars with water increase additional roots

Rooting stem cuttings can also be in the water, adding a tablet of activated carbon. Water once a week needs to be changed to fresh. After regrowth of the roots, the stalk is planted in a pot with a primer and looked after as an adult plant.

Important!Monstera juice is poisonous and can cause skin dermatitis and mucosal irritation. Therefore, when grafting (when juice is released) use gloves.

The frequency of transplantation of monstera depends on its age: young specimens (up to 3-4 years) - every spring, older vines (5 years old) once every 3-4 years (in the period between transplants they pour fresh substrate). In pots, good drainage is required.

Monstera home care - soil, lighting, conditions for flowering

Monstere needs a bright, but diffused light - as in a tropical forest. Lack of illumination has a strong effect on the vine: new leaves grow small, there are no cuts and holes on them, the aerial roots weaken and become thinner. The variegated types of Monsteras are particularly changing - they lose their color and become completely green.

Air temperature and humidity

The best temperature for monstera is + 20-25ºС in summer and + 16-18ºС in winter. The active vegetation of the vine begins at + 16ºС. Humidity is also important for the normal development of the monstera. It can not be placed next to the heating devices. It is often necessary to spray the plant, and the leaves to wipe from dust with a damp sponge or cloth.

Monsters need fertile, loose soil with a neutral or slightly acidic reaction (pH 5.5-6.0). The substrate can be made independently: an equal volume of peat, humus, sand (1: 1: 1) is added to the mixture of sod (3 parts) and deciduous land (1 part). In garden stores you can buy ready-made soil mixtures for the Aroids, for example, from the Aurika Gardens, Biomaster, Seliger-Agro series.

Of all the types of monsters grown at home, only Monstera delicacy can bloom. Its flower is a spikelet with a white and cream bract. When ripe, the fruits turn purple and have the taste of ripe pineapple.

In order for the monstera to blossom, it is necessary to create conditions close to a tropical climate:

• diffuse intense lighting,

• Increased air humidity: spray the plant often, especially in the summer, with warm defended water,

• The soil should be fertile and loose,

• Suitable size of planting capacity - an adult plant in a close pot will stop growing and will not bloom,

• The higher the air temperature, the faster the monstera grows,

• Air roots can not be cut - they must be sent to the pot: they provide additional nutrition to the plant.

Monstera home care - feeding, watering, support

In winter, the monster is watered 1 time in 10-15 days. From March to August watering increase. It is important not to over-wet the soil, especially if a small plant is sitting in a large pot: the soil will sour when overflowing and root rot is possible.

Monstera is fed from April to August twice a month. Complex mineral fertilizers are used both for universal and for green-leaved plants (Pokon, Uniflor, Compo, Greenworld, Good power, Gumat, etc.). With a lack of nutrients, the plant stops growing. Organic fertilizer can be applied in the form of mulch substrate leaf humus. Root top dressings alternate well with foliar.

Monstera is a vine that needs support. In nature, this role is performed by tree trunks. In room conditions, steady sticks, rigid mesh tubes are put in a pot with a plant, and the cords are tightened. It is necessary to form the stalk of the monstera from the “infancy”, otherwise it will be more difficult to do it later: as it grows up, the stalk of the vines will become stiff, losing flexibility.

After spraying the leaves with water or solutions of insecticides and fertilizers, they often have a dull appearance. To restore the former shine to the plant, leaves are treated with special polishing sprays (Perfect Plant, Spring). If you do not trust "chemistry", then from home remedies good results are obtained by wiping the leaves with a mixture of water and milk in proportions of 1: 1 (a rag or cotton pad should be wet and well wrung so that no stains remain), the inside of a banana peel.

With proper care, Monstera rarely suffers from pests and diseases.

Most often from sucking insects it hurts ivy shieldovka. The plant looks depressed, the leaves turn yellow and fall off. A sooty fungus develops on the sticky secretions of the pest (it looks like a black patina). If shchitovki a little, then it is removed mechanically moistened with alcohol or soap solution with a cotton pad. With a massive lesion, the plant is sprayed with insecticides (Admiral, Aktara, Biotlin).

If you "looked at the light" spider mite, urgently need to take measures to evict him: increase the humidity in the room, often spray the monster with warm water. The yellowing of the leaves and the appearance of cobwebs on their underside indicates that the tick began to multiply massively. In this case, acaricides are used (Akarin, Fitoverm, Sunmite, Apollo, Actellic).

Another frequent “guest” of Monstera is mealybug. It parasitizes mainly on young leaves and shoots. As a result, the leaves are deformed, dry, the plant languishes. With a small amount of pest plant wipe with soapy water and then arrange a warm shower. In case of severe injury, insecticides are used: Aktellik, Mosplan, Fitoverm.

When dry and warm air multiply rapidly thrips. Affected leaves from above become gray-brown. To combat thrips, they increase the humidity of the air by spraying liana as often as possible. If this does not help, then the use of insecticides is justified (Biotlin, Inta-vir, Aktara, Spark, Konfidor).

Most often monsters at home killed by improper watering, as a result of which the roots rot. Too large pot volume contributes to this: overwetted soil quickly sours, a weak root system cannot cope with excess moisture. This often happens in the winter when the air temperature is low. At the same time the plant looks depressed, the leaves descend, turn yellow, and then dry out. In this case, you need to remove the plant from the pot, prune rotten roots and transplant it into a smaller container.

Mass blanching, yellowing and drying of the leaves of Monstera with moderate soil moisture is observed with a lack of nutrition.

If the monstera began to “weep Yaroslavna” (droplets of water flow down from the leaves), this indicates that the soil is too wet. The plant thus gets rid of excess moisture. This process is peculiar to many tropical plants and is called guttation. In this case, it is necessary to adjust the irrigation and temperature conditions. Before the next watering, the soil in the pot should dry to half the volume.

With a lack of moisture, only the lower leaves turn yellow, and new ones grow small and dark.

With a lack of nutrition and keeping monstera in the shade, it stops growing, its leaves do not open or grow whole and small. In order to have dissected leaves, the vine must be rearranged to a brighter place and fed. In addition, the monstera should reach 5 years of age - young plants do not have carved leaves.

As aging leaves fall on the vine. This is a natural process. However, if the leaves turned brown and dried before the fall, the reason is dry and hot air.

Airy roots are soft and thin? If the plant has not been recently transplanted, the reason is a lack of moisture. It is necessary to restore sufficient watering, increase the humidity of the air. You can also wrap the air roots with wet moss.

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Monstera - home care

Monstera is a delightful and truly impressive plant belonging to the vast family of the Aroids. In the wild, perennials can be found in the tropics, namely in Central and South America.

In total, in the genus of tropical plants, there are about fifty species of plants of different shape, structure, height and other characteristics. If we are talking about home growing conditions, then it would not be superfluous to mention such a variety as Monstera delicacy or attractive (lat. Monstera deliciosa). Most often, plant growers grow this indoor flower in the room.

Evergreen Monstera boasts climbing air stalks. Very often with hanging air roots. Thick cob forms a plant inflorescence. The leaves of perennial brightly shine in the sun, have a dark green color. As it grows on the leaves, holes are formed, which are subsequently converted into slots. Very often the leaves have an oval-heart-shaped form; in individual varieties they can reach up to 90 cm in length.

The distinctive feature of monstera in comparison with other indoor plants is the ability to grow rapidly and occupy most of the area of ​​space. That is why, when you decide to grow this tropical perennial in your home, you must first carefully select a place for it.

Monstera feels great in the heated winter gardens. Very often, this perennial is used for gardening office premises and country houses.

It is interesting! The rather unusual name of the houseplant comes from the Latin word monstrosus - amazing, whimsical. Although many growers sincerely believe that the name comes from the word monstrum - a monster. And that, and another origin, however, fully justifies the appearance of the plant itself.

Care for tropical perennial at home

Monster can not be attributed to too fastidious plants, however, care for it should be carried out according to all the rules.

  • Monstera, like any other indoor plants, very skeptical of drafts in the room. Their plant will not forgive you for sure. In summer, the room can be ventilated or even carried the flower out onto an open balcony or loggia.
  • In winter, the thermometer in the room where the monster grows, did not fall below the mark of +10 degrees.
  • This is not to say that the bizarre "Tropica" very demanding of the atmosphere in the room. Monstera very well tolerates temperature drops.
  • In the cold season, the optimum temperature for monsters is between +16 and +18 degrees.
  • In the summer, the temperature in the room where the monstera is comfortably located can vary from +23 to +25 degrees.

It is important! The higher the average annual temperature in the room where the monstera is located, the faster the tropical perennial will grow and develop.

The next important step in the care of "tropikanka" - is watering the plant. Immediately, we note that tropical perennial is very moisture-loving, so watering should be abundant. Moreover, Monstera has a clear seasonality of soil moistening.

From early spring to late autumn, perennial should be watered abundantly. But this should not be done fanatically, because between irrigations the top layer of the substrate should dry out. If this does not happen, you should postpone watering for 1-2 days. Too abundant watering can lead to the fact that perennial leaves will slowly but surely lose their decorative effect. Black spots will appear on them. There are frequent cases of rotting of the root system of a representative of the Aroid family.

In winter, the amount of watering should be reduced several times. But at the same time the soil should not be completely dried.

Driving for watering monsters must necessarily be separated. Do not use the ode from the tap. Water temperature is also important. It is preferable if it is room.

A very important role in the care of the monster is the regular spraying of the flower. This procedure is best done with a sprayer at a distance of 20-30 cm. The requirements for spray water are the same as for watering perennials.

Do not forget about such an important procedure as flower hygiene. Monstera at home needs to be regularly cleaned from the dust that has settled on its leaves. You can do this simply by cleaning the settled dirt from the surface of the leaves. This can be done with a damp cloth, evenly and smoothly wiping the surface of the leaves.

Interesting fact! Monstera is very interesting in responding to the upcoming change in weather conditions. Transparent droplets begin to slowly form around the edges of the leaves. Many growers say that Monstera is crying in the rain.

As a true Tropican, Monstera prefers diffused light. Direct sunlight has a devastating effect on the development of monsters, as well as the lack of light.

The perfect place for the monsters is the windowsills on the east and west sides of the house. The best lighting for a houseplant is bright ambient light. If the perennial can be placed only on the south side of the house, then on the hottest days it will need to be tinted.

  • A young plant before it reaches the age of 3 years can be grown without any problems in a bucket. The root system of the plant feels great in such a capacity, so perennial quickly grows and develops. Upon reaching the age of three, the plant can be safely transplanted into a pot.
  • For such a home giant, like a monstera, a wooden tub will be an excellent option for a growing container. При этом емкость должна быть высокой и объемной, чтобы у растения было место, куда можно расти. Низкие и узкие кадки не пригодны для выращивания монстеры. В них растение будет чувствовать себя дискомфортно, и его развитие будет замедленным. Если вы решили использовать для выращивания деревянную кадку, нужно быть особенно внимательным и не заливать растение во время поливов.Otherwise, rotting of both the roots and the tub itself may occur.
  • Monstere is required to update the top soil layer annually.
  • Ideal in composition soil for perennial includes peat land, sand, humus, turf in a ratio of 1: 1: 1: 3.
  • "Giantess" Monstera with proper care grows by leaps and bounds. You do not have time to look, as she "captures" half of your room. Therefore, without fail, the plant should be supported. It must be at least one meter high.
  • Now we will dwell on the timing of the transplant. If this is a young plant (as a rule, conditionally take an age of up to four years), then transplantation should be carried out once a year. As we mentioned above, Monstera likes big pots, but cramped conditions can destroy the plant. An adult plant should be transplanted no more than once every two to three years.
  • Proper transplantation will not give significant results if the plant is not regularly fed.

When you make feeding you should observe the rule of seasonality: the monster should be fertilized in the spring and summer period. In winter, perennial fertilizer does not need.

Feed composition: for Monstera, both root and foliar dressings should be selected.

Fertilization frequency: at least twice a month during the warm spring and summer months. If in winter in a room where the tropikanka grows, the temperature does not fall below eighteen degrees, then you can only feed the flower with a special fertilizer for the Aroid family members once a month and a half.

Attention! Making supplements for monstera at low temperatures can have a detrimental effect on the development of perennials.

As a complex dressing perfect for example such as Humisol or Appin. Urea K-6 can be used as foliar nutrition.

Monster can and should be multiplied. There are three main ways to do it quickly, easily and without any problems. The easiest way is to reproduce perennial by layering, and the most laborious is cuttings. Consider a review of each of these methods.

Each layer that we want to grow must have at least 1 air root and one leaf. Taken offspring should be planted in a separate container with a nutrient substrate, pour abundantly and grow as a separate plant. The growing conditions for young cuttings are the same as for the growth of the monstera itself: the temperature is not lower than + 18 + 20 degrees, diffused light, and no drafts.

This method is in first place on the complexity. For best results, use either stem or lateral processes. To germinate cuttings, you can independently prepare a soil mixture by taking sand and humus and mixing them in equal proportions. Do not forget about the layer of drainage, which must be laid out on the bottom of the pot. Carefully place the selected cutting into a container, sprinkle with the nutrient mixture and pour heavily. After that, cover the pot with glass on top and place it in a well-lit place (but not in the sun). It should be watered plant at least twice a day. As soon as the planted cuttings give the first roots, they should be immediately transplanted into a separate container and grown further as an independent plant according to all the rules, which we discussed above in the article.

This method of reproduction practiced by many gardeners. To implement it, you will need fresh monstera seeds that have not yet had time to lose their germination. The seed is planted in the nutrient mixture and germinated in a comfortable environment for a month. The temperature in the room where young saplings are placed should not be below +20 degrees. Lighting - pritenenno sunny place.

Approximately in a month the first sprouts will start to hatch, but it will be possible to see young plants with approximately 9-10 leaves not earlier than in two years. Monstera growing from seed is considered one of the most long-term projects. But it is worth noting that the perennials obtained in this way grow strong and resilient.

Important rule for all three growing methods: you should always create conditions for growing plantings the same as for the young, but already strong monsters.

Unfortunately, not always care for the monster does not cause the plant grower any problems!

When growing monster, like any other indoor plants, has its own nuances. Often the result of improper care for perennials is the development of diseases.

  • Excessively high temperatures in the room where the monstera is contained can affect perennial leaves. If there is a mass exposure of the trunk in its lower part, then it is necessary to immediately lower the temperature to the permissible rate.
  • If you notice that the leaves of Monstera began to shrink, pay attention to the luminance of the indoor flower. It is possible that the plant simply does not have enough light.
  • Monstera will respond to excessive water in the soil by yellowing the leaves.

Monstera often suffer from the attack of harmful insects. For example, thrips are very insidious. They settle on the back of the sheet, so they are not so easy to see. You can fight thrips with insecticides.

Another enemy monsters is spider mite. The leaves of perennial become sluggish, the plant slows growth. They fight ticks with soap solution and Aktellik.

Monstera is a delightful tropical plant that will decorate your home or office for many years.

Top tips for planting and caring for a monster at home

Monstera is a beautiful and very impressive plant. She fell in love with many florists for their unusual shapes and their simplicity in terms of care. In the wild, this perennial plant is found in Central and South America, but today we will look at monstera as a houseplant and figure out how to care for it at home.

Monstera belongs to the genus Aroids. In total, this family has about fifty different plants in shape, structure and height. Monstera creeping airy stalks, from which sometimes aerial roots hang, and a thick ear makes the plant inflorescence.

The leaves of the flower are dark green and glisten in the sun. At a certain stage of growth, holes are formed in them, which are then converted into slots. The shape of the leaves in almost all varieties is ovate-heart-shaped, and their size can reach 90 cm in length. As monstera blooms can be seen in the wild, as at home it happens very rarely.

Monstera differs from other indoor plants in rapid growth, which makes it require a lot of space. It can be a wonderful decoration for heated winter gardens, where the plant feels just great. It can also be found in many offices and country houses.

Features of growing monstera at home

All houseplants have their own peculiarities of growing and monstera in this regard is no exception (that is, the care and cultivation of the plant must be carried out in accordance with the established requirements). At home, they often grow monstera delicacy or attractive.

The best place to plant such a plant as Monstera is a special stand. It should be located on the west or east side of the window. However, it is necessary to protect the flower from drafts, so as not to provoke the appearance of disease. Also, do not often move it from place to place. Monstera does not like direct exposure to sunlight, so you should not place it on a too-lit window-sill: the lighting should be average. The sun can cause burns to the flower, which leads to the formation of dark spots, and as a result - to the death of the plant.

For the normal development of the flower must pay attention to the soil. Most often, it is bought in the store, but you can cook it yourself.

The ground for monsters should have the following components:

All these components should be taken in the proportion of 3: 1: 1: 1: 1. Such soil will perfectly absorb water and allow air to flow through. Choosing a pot for planting a flower you need to take into account the maximum parameters of the future plant. In the big pot of Monstera, it will quickly strengthen the root system and begin to develop soon, but as soon as the plant reaches a large size, the roots begin to curl and wind around in a circle. To prevent the monster from strangling itself, in the process of transplanting it is necessary to unravel and cut off the excess roots. If this does not make the flower can dry out.

The pot is better to take more than the previous 2-4 cm in diameter. It must be steady and heavy.

How to plant a monster at home: the reproduction of tropical vines

In order for the monstera to grow good and grow, she needs to ensure proper fit and care. Put a 5 cm thick drain on the bottom of the pot, then fill the container with ½ of its volume, then carefully place the plant without damaging its root system, and cover it with the remaining soil. At the end of planting the flower is well watered.

Monster can and should be propagated, and its breeding methods are listed below.

In each layer should be at least one air root and one leaf. The branch is transferred to a separate container with a nutrient substrate, carefully watered and grown separately. Young cuttings are grown as well as the monster itself at a temperature of +18. + 20 ° С, in diffused light and indoors without drafts.

This method is the most time consuming. To achieve a good result, stem or lateral processes should be used. Soil mixture for sprouting cuttings can be made independently. To do this, you will need sand and humus in equal quantities, but do not forget about the drainage. Selected stalk is placed in a pot, sprinkled with soil mixture and watered heavily. After that, you need to cover the pot with glass and put in a lighted place, but not in the sun. Watering landings should be done twice a day. After the appearance of the first roots, the plant should be transplanted into a separate pot and grown, observing all the rules.

This breeding method is the most practical, but also the longest. First of all, you need fresh seeds that need to be planted in the nutrient mixture and germinated in comfortable conditions within 30 days. The optimum temperature for germinating seeds is at least + 20 ° C, and the lighting should be shading. After a month, the first shoots will begin to appear, and young plants with approximately 9-10 leaves can be seen after 2 years. Monstera grown in this way is considered the strongest and most durable.

As mentioned earlier, Monstera is a rather unpretentious plant, but despite this, care (as well as reproduction) must be carried out taking into account a number of mandatory rules.

Watering Monstera is an essential step in its development. She loves moisture, but the plant has a clear seasonality of watering the soil. Starting from early spring until late autumn, the flower should be watered abundantly. However, the top layer of the substrate between waterings should dry out. If the plant is poured, it will begin to lose its decorative effect, forming black spots, and in rare cases, the root system will rot. In the winter season, watering should be reduced, but be careful not to dry the monster.

Water for irrigation should be at room temperature and stand for several days before use. Also monster must be sprayed and regularly cleaned from dust.

All home plants need to be fed. If the monstera does not grow, then it lacks nutrients. Therefore, in order not to slow down the growth in adult plants, they need to be fed twice a month. As fertilizer suitable mineral and organic fertilizers, although young flowers can not feed.

In order to stimulate the growth of new leaves it is necessary to trim the tip. This is done in early spring, and when pruning, at least three knots should be left on the top of the handle. The longer the cutting, the more it will take root. The cut should be made, departing from the node of the flower 1-2 cm, and it should be straight. After pruning, the stem should be powdered with charcoal powder, and if the stalk needs to be rooted, the lower cut is made oblique.

Monster can be transplanted as soon as she turns one year old. Young flowers are moved to another place once a year: in spring, when the air temperature is not less than + 16 ° С. A three-year-old monster should be replanted once every two years, and a five-year one - once every 4 years.

For transplanting, you should choose large pots. With each transplant, the size of the pot is increased by 2-4 cm. At the bottom of the tank it is necessary to arrange a drainage from shards, pebbles, broken tiles or coarse sand. Young flower requires weakly acidic or neutral soil, which consists of peat, leafy, humus soil, turf and sand. For perennial Monstera plants, acidic soil works well. In addition, a support should be installed in the center of the pot, which helps the plant maintain the necessary conditions for the development of both the flower and its aerial roots. When transplanting, carefully remove the flower from the pot and move it to a new container, slowly filling it with soil. After that, fill the pot to the top with earth and water well. Some flower lovers have a question: “How to transplant a monster with aerial roots?”. With such a transplant, you must carefully wind the air roots with wet twine and attach it to the trunk. When they start to let small roots, then part of the stem of the plant with leaves can be cut, put in a container, covering the cut place with earth. This will grow a new, young flower.

If you do not care for the plant, the monstera will begin to lose immunity and various diseases or pests may appear. The most common of them are spider mites and scab. Spider mite - This is a small red spider that loves warmth and dryness. It appears on the underside of the leaves and it is woven over with a web. For treatment use the soap solution, which is treated with leaves. After three hours after the procedure, the leaves are washed with warm water.

Shchitovka or shield aphid - an insect, which received its name due to the shield, which covered his entire body. Adults of brown color on the plant do not move, but the larvae are transparent and creep up monsters throughout the body. They multiply very quickly, and to get rid of this pest the flower must be sprayed with soapy water, removing the larvae and adults with a cotton swab. Carry out this procedure until the complete disappearance of parasites.

The lack of light in the development of Monstera can lead to chopping and dropping of leaves, twisting the stem. Waterlogging causes yellowing and rotting of the leaf plates, and when there is a lack of moisture, the leaves turn brown and dry. The lack of plant nutrition contributes to the appearance of slits on the leaves.

This plant contains poisonous juice. When it gets on the skin, it causes inflammation and burning, and when ingested, bleeding in the intestines often occurs and severe inflammation of the oral mucosa. Despite this reaction of the human body, in some countries, monstera juice is used in the treatment of certain diseases and with its help they support the immunity of sick people.

Caring for a plant is not as difficult as it may seem at first glance. It is important to follow all the rules and take into account its possible growth, since it can grow several meters wide. Experts advise to place it in a spacious room or in the winter garden.

I have been growing brugmansia for about five years, but I have never seen my plants produce seeds. I propagate.

Who can tell if the cuttings of Brugmancia are kept on the loggia, then what is the minimum positive temperature.

What a game, hard wheat goes for pasta flour, not baking! And bread is baked from soft flour.

You can buy equipment for snow removal here: https://hoga.ru/catalog/tekhnika_dlya_uborki_snega/, c.

Thanks for the feedback! At the expense of your question, then the idea should not be as pyracanth protected spikes. But

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Monstera tropical plant description

Monstera belongs to the genus Aroids. In total, this family has about fifty different plants in shape, structure and height. Monstera creeping airy stalks, from which sometimes aerial roots hang, and a thick ear makes the plant inflorescence.

The leaves of the flower are dark green and glisten in the sun. At a certain stage of growth, holes are formed in them, which are then converted into slots. The shape of the leaves in almost all varieties is ovate-heart-shaped, and their size can reach 90 cm in length. As monstera blooms can be seen in the wild, as at home it happens very rarely.

Monstera differs from other indoor plants in rapid growth, which makes it require a lot of space. Она может стать прекрасным украшением для отапливаемых зимних садов, где растение чувствует себя просто замечательно. Также ее можно встретить во многих офисах и загородных домах.

Выбор места для успешного роста

Лучшим местом для посадки такого растения как монстера является специальная подставка. Расположить ее следует с западной или восточной стороны от окна. However, it is necessary to protect the flower from drafts, so as not to provoke the appearance of disease. Also, do not often move it from place to place. Monstera does not like direct exposure to sunlight, so you should not place it on a too-lit window-sill: the lighting should be average. The sun can cause burns to the flower, which leads to the formation of dark spots, and as a result - to the death of the plant.

Requirements for soil and planting capacity

For the normal development of the flower must pay attention to the soil. Most often, it is bought in the store, but you can cook it yourself.

The ground for monsters should have the following components:

All these components should be taken in the proportion of 3: 1: 1: 1: 1. Such soil will perfectly absorb water and allow air to flow through. Choosing a pot for planting a flower you need to take into account the maximum parameters of the future plant. In the big pot of Monstera, it will quickly strengthen the root system and begin to develop soon, but as soon as the plant reaches a large size, the roots begin to curl and wind around in a circle. To prevent the monster from strangling itself, in the process of transplanting it is necessary to unravel and cut off the excess roots. If this does not make the flower can dry out.

The pot is better to take more than the previous 2-4 cm in diameter. It must be steady and heavy.

Method 1. Monstera propagation by air layouts

In each layer should be at least one air root and one leaf. The branch is transferred to a separate container with a nutrient substrate, carefully watered and grown separately. Young cuttings are grown as well as the monster itself at a temperature of +18. + 20 ° С, in diffused light and indoors without drafts.

Method 2. Reproduction cuttings

This method is the most time consuming. To achieve a good result, stem or lateral processes should be used. Soil mixture for sprouting cuttings can be made independently. To do this, you will need sand and humus in equal quantities, but do not forget about the drainage. Selected stalk is placed in a pot, sprinkled with soil mixture and watered heavily. After that, you need to cover the pot with glass and put in a lighted place, but not in the sun. Watering landings should be done twice a day. After the appearance of the first roots, the plant should be transplanted into a separate pot and grown, observing all the rules.

Method 3. Seed reproduction

This breeding method is the most practical, but also the longest. First of all, you need fresh seeds that need to be planted in the nutrient mixture and germinated in comfortable conditions within 30 days. The optimum temperature for germinating seeds is at least + 20 ° C, and the lighting should be shading. After a month, the first shoots will begin to appear, and young plants with approximately 9-10 leaves can be seen after 2 years. Monstera grown in this way is considered the strongest and most durable.

Watering indoor plants

Watering Monstera is an essential step in its development. She loves moisture, but the plant has a clear seasonality of watering the soil. Starting from early spring until late autumn, the flower should be watered abundantly. However, the top layer of the substrate between waterings should dry out. If the plant is poured, it will begin to lose its decorative effect, forming black spots, and in rare cases, the root system will rot. In the winter season, watering should be reduced, but be careful not to dry the monster.

Water for irrigation should be at room temperature and stand for several days before use. Also monster must be sprayed and regularly cleaned from dust.

Feeding monstera

All home plants need to be fed. If the monstera does not grow, then it lacks nutrients. Therefore, in order not to slow down the growth in adult plants, they need to be fed twice a month. As fertilizer suitable mineral and organic fertilizers, although young flowers can not feed.

Features of Monstera Trimming

In order to stimulate the growth of new leaves it is necessary to trim the tip. This is done in early spring, and when pruning, at least three knots should be left on the top of the handle. The longer the cutting, the more it will take root. The cut should be made, departing from the node of the flower 1-2 cm, and it should be straight. After pruning, the stem should be powdered with charcoal powder, and if the stalk needs to be rooted, the lower cut is made oblique.

All about monstera transplant

Monster can be transplanted as soon as she turns one year old. Young flowers are moved to another place once a year: in spring, when the air temperature is not less than + 16 ° С. A three-year-old monster should be replanted once every two years, and a five-year one - once every 4 years.

For transplanting, you should choose large pots. With each transplant, the size of the pot is increased by 2-4 cm. At the bottom of the tank it is necessary to arrange a drainage from shards, pebbles, broken tiles or coarse sand. Young flower requires weakly acidic or neutral soil, which consists of peat, leafy, humus soil, turf and sand. For perennial Monstera plants, acidic soil works well. In addition, a support should be installed in the center of the pot, which helps the plant maintain the necessary conditions for the development of both the flower and its aerial roots. When transplanting, carefully remove the flower from the pot and move it to a new container, slowly filling it with soil. After that, fill the pot to the top with earth and water well. Some flower lovers have a question: "How to transplant a monster with aerial roots?". With such a transplant, you must carefully wind the air roots with wet twine and attach it to the trunk. When they start to let small roots, then part of the stem of the plant with leaves can be cut, put in a container, covering the cut place with earth. This will grow a new, young flower.

Major pests and plant diseases

If you do not care for the plant, the monstera will begin to lose immunity and various diseases or pests may appear. The most common of them are spider mites and scab. Spider mite - This is a small red spider that loves warmth and dryness. It appears on the underside of the leaves and it is woven over with a web. For treatment, use the soap solution, which is treated with leaves. After three hours after the procedure, the leaves are washed with warm water.

Shchitovka or shield aphid - an insect, which received its name due to the shield, which covered his entire body. Adults of brown color on the plant do not move, but the larvae are transparent and creep up monsters throughout the body. They multiply very quickly, and to get rid of this pest the flower must be sprayed with soapy water, removing the larvae and adults with a cotton swab. Carry out this procedure until the complete disappearance of parasites.

The lack of light in the development of Monstera can lead to chopping and dropping of leaves, twisting the stem. Waterlogging causes yellowing and rotting of the leaf plates, and when there is a lack of moisture, the leaves turn brown and dry. The lack of plant nutrition contributes to the appearance of slits on the leaves.

Is monstera poisonous

This plant contains poisonous juice. When it gets on the skin, it causes inflammation and burning, and when ingested, bleeding in the intestines often occurs and severe inflammation of the oral mucosa. Despite this reaction of the human body, in some countries, monstera juice is used in the treatment of certain diseases and with its help they support the immunity of sick people.

Caring for a plant is not as difficult as it may seem at first glance. It is important to follow all the rules and take into account its possible growth, since it can grow several meters wide. Experts advise to place it in a spacious room or in the winter garden.

The best varieties of monstera for growing at home

Monstera is from South America. There an exotic plant grows in the fresh air. In nature, there are up to 30 species of Monstera, but at home only 5 species are suitable for our region. Their description in the table.

Currently, only two types of monsters are grown: slanting and lovely. Other species are not available for cultivation at home.

Optimal conditions for breeding monstera

The plant likes sunlight, but preferably scattered. Prefers east or west side. Adult plants do not rearrange the wrong place; they react painfully to the change of lighting.

For monsters, air temperature and humidity are important. The optimum humidity in the room is at least 60%. To maintain these indicators, the plant is regularly sprayed.

The air temperature in summer is maintained at 22-25 ˚С, in winter -14-16 ˚С. In winter, at lower temperatures, plant growth ceases.

Planting and transplanting monsteras: ground selection

Moss-sphagnum is often added to the finished substrate. It has the following effects:

  • absorbs excess moisture
  • has antibacterial effect, prevents the development of rot and other diseases.

To improve immunity, protection from disease and soil saturation with organic acids and trace elements in the finished substrate add sapropel. It is advisable to use preformed commercial sapropel.

The following types of purchase of soils are suitable for Monstera:

  1. Soil "Garden of Wonders Palma." Soil for palm trees of neutral acidity. Contains peat, biohumus, agroperlite and mineral fertilizers.
  2. Soil universal "Terra Vita Flower Live Earth". Acidity 6-6.5 pH. Contains ground mix, agroperlite, biohumus, sand and trace elements.
  3. Soil "BioMaster Palma". Soil mixture based on peat and biohumus.
  4. Nutritious soil "Garden of Wonders Begonia". Contains biohumus, agroperlite, peat and mineral fertilizers.

When planting the monsters, drainage is placed on the bottom of the pot a quarter of the height of the pot, above the ground, and on top of it is a layer of 1.5-2 cm of expanded clay. In the center of the pot is placed a support with a height of 70-100 cm. Up to the age of four, the plant is transplanted annually in spring. Flowers older than 4 years old, transplanted every 2-3 years.

Monster care at home

Feed the plant in 1.5-2 months after planting or transplanting from March to August every two weeks. As fertilizers used:

  1. Agricola 7 Fertilizer intended for flowers. Does not contain heavy metal salts. The composition includes 20% nitrogen and 10% phosphorus. gardeners reviews about Agricol fertilizer
  2. "Nitrophoska". Contains phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen. Fertilizer increases the growth of green mass.
  3. "Effecton-C." This is a biologically active fertilizer that contains peat, dolomitic and phosphate rock, potassium chloride. For spraying plants in 10 liters of water dilute 20 g of the product.
  4. "Lingogumat." Humic fertilizer that contains humic and fulvic acids. Stimulates plant growth, increases disease resistance, increases the content of humus in the soil. When the air temperature drops below 16 ˚C, feeding is stopped.

During cultivation, monsters do not allow drafts and sudden changes in temperature. Watered once a week, the soil should always remain wet. The leaves are regularly rubbed and sprayed with warm water.

Main breeding methods of monstera

Seed and vegetative propagation of monstera are distinguished. Seed propagated rarely. Seeds are sown in peat pots and covered with foil, or sown in plastic bags with a lock. They are filled with 5% sphagnum moss, and the remaining 95% is air. Keep crops at air temperature 25-28 ˚C in a lit place. Shoots appear after two weeks. When two true leaves appear, the seedlings swoop into separate pots.

For seedlings prepare the soil, which consists of sand, leaf humus and sod land in equal proportions. Seedlings are grown on a windowsill at a temperature of 25 ° C. After a year, each sprout is transplanted into a larger pot.

Vegetative breeding methods include:

  1. Reproduction of the apical cuttings. Cut the top of the stem and place it in water. When there are three roots, a sapling is planted in a pot with a substrate.
  2. Reproduction stem cuttings. For reproduction, the stem cutting takes a part of the stem with two buds and places a part of the stem in the soil (sprinkle the shoots to the depth of one bud). Watered and covered with foil, sometimes airing. After rooting, transplanted into a new pot. To rooting, sunlight and air temperature of 25 ° C provide rooting.

Landing monster

When the trip to the flower shop was completed with the purchase of a young room vine, the question immediately arises: how to plant the monstera? It is clear that further development and growth rates depend on the perfect planting of the plant. This tropical vine, planted according to all the rules, in an apartment can grow up to 2.5 - 3 m and please with exotic carved leaves with a length of 30 to 50 cm. For this you need two things - a properly chosen substrate and a suitable pot.

You can use a ready-made mixture of "Palma", it is sold in stores and is suitable monster. If desired, and the presence of a component, you can prepare the substrate yourself. For this, it is important to know what the composition of the ground for monsters should be.

It can be composed of components:

Moreover, it is necessary to observe the proportion: there is three times more sod land and one part of the other components. Then the tropical liana will please with large green leaves. Do not forget about good drainage for the plant. Before filling the container with the substrate, it is necessary to pour a layer of large expanded clay with a height of 5 cm at the bottom.

It is better to immediately determine which pot to plant monster. If the plant is young with several small leaves, a pot with a capacity of up to 4 liters is fine. It must be heavy and with a pallet. As the flower grows, it will have to be transplanted into pots of a larger diameter - about 8-10 cm.

Planting a monster without roots won't be a big deal. It is necessary to follow the usual rules of planting plants. Lay out the substrate layer on the drainage, place the plant on it and slowly fill the container with soil. It is necessary to immediately water the planted vines. The soil should be fully wetted, and water will appear in the pan.

There should be no problems when you need to plant a monster with aerial roots. You can use wet twine to tie aerial roots to the trunk of the liana. Over time, small roots will sprout. Then you can cut a piece of the trunk with leaves and rooted.

Air roots care and pruning

At home, caring for a monster is not limited to watering and feeding. The peculiarity of the vine is its long aerial roots. They should not be cut off, but you must take care of them. They should be sent to the tub with the soil where the flower grows. If they do not reach it, for each such root, an additional cache will be needed with a suitable substrate to root them. It is best to lower the monstera short air roots into a transparent bottle with settled water suspended from a vine. Another treatment option is to wrap the air roots with wet moss.

In good conditions, the Monstera is quickly drawn out in length and always needs support. Bamboo supports in a coconut sheath will do, they come in different heights, they still use sticks or grates. When the vine is too long, it becomes necessary to stop its growth. How to shorten the monster? Its top is trimmed, the slice is covered with charcoal. Such pruning provides an incentive for lateral shoots.

Monstera spring transplantation is carried out regularly in the first three years. Each time this increases the diameter of the flower pot. In the next few years, Monstera begins to grow rapidly. Therefore, it is sometimes necessary to replant it twice a year. When the flower becomes very large, it is no longer transplanted, only annually replacing the upper part of the soil with a fresh substrate.

The best way to transplant monsters will be its transshipment:

  1. This manipulation is necessarily carried out by two people, otherwise the plant can be damaged.
  2. Before transshipment, the vine is watered so that the soil in the pot is moistened.
  3. The pot is placed on its side and the plant is gently removed along with an earthy ball.
  4. In the prepared new container at the bottom there should be a drainage - a layer of pebbles or expanded clay.
  5. It is covered with a layer of soil, and an earthen room with a monster is placed on top.
  6. The roots of the plant are surely straightened; without this, the monster cannot be planted; it will not grow well.
  7. Then the container is filled up to the top with soil, while it is tamped several times.

After transplantation, the plant should be plentifully watered until the water is in the pan.

The transplanted vine starts to grow well.

Monster disease

When a plant lacks moisture, its leaves darken and dry out. Excess irrigation leads to decay of the root system. Nutrient deficiency results in a lack of slits in the leaves. The lack of light will cause the leaves to fall off and the stem to deform. Sometimes the plant infects a scythe or spider mite, in these cases the leaves are treated with a solution of soap.

Useful properties of plants and varieties suitable for home breeding

Монстера имеет много полезных особенностей:

  • активно выделяет кислород в дневное время,
  • поддерживает влажный микроклимат в помещении благодаря испаряющейся с поверхности больших листов влаги,
  • поглощает электромагнитные излучения от бытовых приборов,
  • впитывает из воздуха химические токсины, выделяемые мебелью (формальдегидная смола, красители),
  • ionizes the air around
  • possesses a good energy field that favorably affects a person: calms the nervous system, eliminates indecision,
  • It has a therapeutic effect on the body: strengthens the immune system, improves brain activity.

It is good to keep pots with a monster in office rooms, a study, library.

Along with the positive, the plant has several negative properties:

  1. At night, it absorbs oxygen, releasing carbon dioxide into the gas, and therefore the flower cannot be placed in the bedroom.
  2. The juice of the plant is poisonous; it can cause burns and allergic dermatitis. All trimming and maintenance work should be carried out with gloves and goggles. It is necessary to protect children from accidental use of leaves and flowers.

There are many varieties of monstera that are suitable for home breeding:

  1. Delicacy or beautiful - the largest type of liana, up to 12 m in height, with thick stems, has leaves in the shape of a heart of dark green or variegated color. Well blossoms and bears fruit, edible fruits.
  2. Borsig refers to the delicacy monstera species, but more compact and thin. It grows more often in Mexico.
  3. Adansona lives in the tropics of Costa Rica and Brazil. It grows up to 8 m in height, ellipsoid leaves reaches 50 cm in length. It blooms in very rare cases.
  4. Oblique. Habitat - the tropics of South America. With oblong stripes on small, up to 25 cm in length, oval leaves, tapering to the bottom, with small colors (up to 4 cm).
  5. Punched or full of holes - a curly appearance of a South American liana, leaves of soft green color of various shapes, with holes, flower cob up to 10 cm in length.
  6. Marble or motley in nature lives on the Indian and South American mainland. The leaves and stems of the plant are covered with bright beige spots.

House Monster Care

For such plants as Monstera, care at home provides for the creation of a climate close to the natural habitat - the tropical forest.

The light needs a bright, but diffused. With a lack of sunlight, the leaves are reduced in size, lose their bizarre forms and specks of color, and the aerial roots become thin and unsuitable for reproduction.

Humidity and temperature

In the summer, the room should be + 20 ... + 25ºС, in the winter - at least + 16ºС. In winter, the plant should be periodically sprayed with water, and wipe the leaves with a cloth moistened with water. Pots with plants should be placed away from heating devices.

The soil is chosen loose, with a neutral reaction. The soil base can be prepared by yourself: 3 parts of sod are mixed with 1 part of garden humus, peat and sand are added in equal amounts. You can also buy ready-made soil for aroid plants.

Watering is carried out 1 time in 2 weeks in winter, and in spring and summer time the frequency increases. When watering the soil roots may rot, then the plant will die.

Very important for plant feeding. Feeding is done 2 times a month from April to August. Universal fertilizers with a complex of minerals are used. It needs to be fed with organic matter - with humus of garden leaves. Top dressing is carried out root and foliar.

Reliance on the flower is necessary, since it is a climbing vine, it grows upwards, the trunk may not hold large heavy leaves and break. In nature, they are supported by other trees. In room conditions, poles are installed in the form of strong sticks, plastic tubes, or strong cords are tensioned.

To add shine to the leaves, they are polished with special aerosols or milk diluted in water (1: 1 ratio).

How to make a flower bloom

Monsters at home bloom extremely rarely. Therefore, it is important to know how to properly create a favorable flowering atmosphere in the apartment.

Of all types of room monsters, delicacy may blossom under home cultivation conditions. Inflorescence in the form of a corn cob at the beginning of flowering is a light cream color. In it the fruit is formed, which, when ripe, acquires a purple hue. The fruit tastes like pineapple and is edible.

For flowering monster conditions should be as close as possible to the climate of a tropical forest:

  • strong lighting with a diffuse effect
  • high humidity, frequent spraying of the plant with warm water,
  • support of soil fertility and looseness,
  • the pot must be picked up large and deep, in crowded roots stop growing and there will be no flowers,
  • the increase in temperature contributes to the accelerated growth of the flower,
  • air roots provide additional nutrition to various substances contained in the air, so they cannot be cut off for the flowering period.

Plant propagation

Monstera can breed in 3 ways:

  1. Seed method. Seeds are first germinated for 14-30 days in special containers in a peat-sand mixture, in an illuminated place at a temperature of + 20 ... + 25ºС. After the appearance of 1-2 true leaves, a sprout is picked. Later, as the plant grows, it is transplanted into a large pot. However, this method of reproduction with artificial breeding is rarely used, since the plant in the room practically does not bloom and seed material is not easy to find.
  2. Reproduction through the side processes. Monstera can be raised through shoots that grow on the sides of the trunk, the procedure is carried out in the spring. The shoots are carefully cut, treated with charcoal and planted in small containers with specially prepared soil - drainage is put on the bottom of the pot, then peat or humus, sand is put in layers. Planted cuttings are closed with plastic film and covered with a glass jar. Keep the pots in a room at a temperature of + 20 ... + 25ºС. Sprouts are periodically sprayed with warm water.
  3. Reproduction through stem cuttings (aerial roots). In an adult liana, along the sides of the stems, along with the leaves, air roots grow, by means of which the plant can be bred. To do this, hold the following activities. Aerial roots in the upper part of the trunk are wrapped in moistened peat moss, tied with gauze on top. The resulting ball is often sprayed, it is necessary to avoid drafts. After the formation of small roots in the air root in the form of a washcloth, the upper part of the stem is cut off and transplanted into a pot, placing the regrown roots deep into the ground.

Plant with delicate leaves

Monstera is a typical representative of the South American tropics. In the wild, this vine grows to 50 meters. And its carved leaves reach a meter wide. In order to climb trees, a vine grows strong aerial roots, they descend from the branches and reach the ground. If the monstera has lost contact with the soil, thanks to the air processes, it will be fixed on the trunk, where it lives, and will become an epiphyte (a plant without land).

Monstera - a typical representative of the South American tropics, the length of the vine can be 50 meters

Particularly noteworthy are the monstera leaves, big shiny and leathery. They are located on long petioles and are equipped with an amazing "carved" pattern. They have gracefully cut edges, and sometimes neat symmetrical holes are pierced. What is interesting is not only the appearance of monster foliage, but also its internal structure. The lateral veins of the plant are equipped with special organs - guides. When the humidity increases, they emit droplets of clear liquid. Monstera seems to cry. It has long been observed that crying begins before the rain. So Monstera is a natural barometer.

Monstera has gorgeous leaves with elegantly cut edges and neat holes.

In nature, the vine blooms. A large (30 cm) yellowish, creamy or lilac inflorescence is very similar to a corncob, covered with a petal like a veil.

Monstera inflorescence looks like a corncob

The fruit of the monstera ripens for almost a year. In a variety of plants called delicacy matured cob edible, inside its juicy flesh, its taste resembles something between a banana and pineapple. But in captivity monsters rarely bloom and do not bear fruit.

In our area, you will not taste the monstera, and South Americans grow liana because of its juicy and fragrant fruits.

Monstera is often confused with a variety of philodendron with dissected leaves. These plants are close relatives, they are from the aroid family. But the leaves of philodendron are more elongated and pointed at the end. The most important difference between Monstera and Philodendron is juice. You want to make sure what plant is in front of you, break off or cut the escape or leaf. Monstera has clear juice, while philodendron has a milky one.

Monstera is one of the most undemanding, and therefore popular plants in indoor floriculture. They are loved for original greens and fast growth. At home, the vine is, of course, less than ten times in nature, but it can blow up to 4 meters. Not everyone can comfortably accommodate such a giant at home. But in public places Monstera - a frequent inhabitant. It copes well with vertical gardening, looks great in tubs or stylish pots, standing apart from other colors. It is believed that Monstera not only heals the atmosphere, but also absorbs negative energy.

Monstera heals the atmosphere in the room, absorbs negative energy and just pleases the eye

But the monster has a tracery and opponents. Some of them believe that the vine does not belong in the house. This superstition has a long history. In the XVIII century, when Europeans began to settle in Latin America, rumors appeared that giant killer plants inhabit the jungle. The pioneers found the remains of animals and people, permeated with stems and roots. They said that the plant allegedly attacks living beings. But the truth is that the plant has sprouted through the one who has already died, lost in the jungle.

Such fables did a disservice. An innocent liana called monstera - monstrum, which means in Latin monster. But according to other sources, the name of the plant comes from the word monstrosus - fancy or amazing. Such a definition best suits the exotic vine. Her foliage creates fancy patterns, and the plant, familiar to gardeners for more than three centuries, still surprises and pleases.

Lakoy, slanting, thin and other monsters

In nature, about 50 species of monsteras are described, but only a few of them migrated into the houses. Others stayed in greenhouses and winter gardens. We will get acquainted with some representatives of the domesticated monster.

  • Monstera Delicatessen, whose name is still attractive and tasty, is the leader in popularity. At home, in equatorial America, it is grown for its tasty fruits. In the harsh climate, this vine decorates greenhouses and rooms. In greenhouse conditions, this monstera is pulled out to 12 meters, in rooming only 3. The lianas have fleshy dense stems. Heart-shaped leathery leaves are large (60 cm), strongly dissected, with lobes and holes. This variety can also bloom when kept in an apartment.
  • Monstera delicacy has a variegated white-motley shape, it is also called Alba. It does not grow as fast as green and a little more capricious. But with these shortcomings can be reconciled because of the incredibly beautiful leaves. They are the same "lace", but also painted with white patterns, which can take half a sheet. And the older the plant becomes, the more white markings. In the variegated variety, the stem is also multicolored.
  • Variegated marble monstera combines yellow and green color of leaves and stems.
  • Bonsig Monstera bred on the basis of delicacy. But it is more miniature liana. The leaves are smaller, no more than 30 cm, thinner shoots. It grows well and quickly in indoor conditions.
  • Monstera adansona (it is pierced or full of holes) comes from the Brazilian jungle. It is a creeper about 8 meters long with large (up to 50 cm) thin ovoid leaves. They are chaotically "pierced" many small holes. The plant blooms reluctantly. In indoor conditions, monster adansona successfully grown, but as long as she meets infrequently.
  • Monstera is oblique or unequally derived from the tropics of Brazil and Guiana. This climbing liana has relatively small (20 cm) asymmetrical oval leaves on short (12 cm) petioles. The inflorescence is only 4 cm in length. The plant is cultivated as indoor, but specimens from the greenhouse look better and more effective.
  • Monstera doubtful (dubia) - a rare species. In this delicate miniature liana young leaves are whole with silver ornaments along the veins. They resemble foliage. With age, they turn green and become perforated.
  • Monstera pointed is a compact liana - 3 meters. Leaves are dense with a pointed end first whole. Small cuts appear only in the adult plant. Despite unpretentiousness, it is rarely grown in home gardening.
  • Monstera thin - very rare vine. It is small with delicate openwork leaves. In young plants, they are heart-shaped, without cuts. In adults - pinnately dissected. The plant is undemanding, but grows very slowly.

Suitable place for landing in the apartment

The appearance of the monstera directly depends on the chosen place in the apartment. If the plant is comfortable, then it accelerates growth, and its leaves become very large, beautiful, patterned. This plant prefers bright diffused light and reacts very badly to direct sunlight, it perfectly tolerates partial shade, which can be done in an apartment with the help of a thick curtain or partition of parchment paper.

It should be remembered that since the monstera plant is rather big, and under suitable conditions it grows quite quickly, there should be a lot of space for the pot. You also need to hide the plant from drafts, as its luxurious foliage may become stained and turn yellow.

Optimal watering monster

It is believed that Monstera is a rather unpretentious plant, but as regards irrigation, this is not quite the case. In winter, the soil in the pot should be moistened constantly, and in the remaining months the soil in the pot should dry out between the individual waterings, but not dry out.

When watering it is important to take into account the dimensions of the plant, if it has grown strongly, then the amount of moisture consumed should be increased. Also pay attention to the quality of the water that is used for irrigation, ideally it should be pre-settled. If possible, the growers recommend collecting rainwater and using it for watering indoor plants.

Temperature and humidity

Monstera is a tropical plant, because it needs high humidity, for this it is necessary to spray the plant regularly with a spray bottle, and wipe the leaves with a sponge or a clean rag, sometimes pallets with water are installed near the plant. Of course, for those who decide to plant a monster, you must purchase a humidifier - so you can control the level of humidity in any weather. In the winter months, if the temperature decreases, it is recommended to reduce moisture.

The optimum temperature for a plant should be around +16 ° C - 18 ° C.

Regular plant nutrition

The lack of watering and nutrition can be manifested by the appearance of brown, dry spots on the surface of the vine, so it is very important not to forget to regularly apply fertilizer.

Monstera treat plants that grow for the sake of beautiful leaves. Therefore, for this plant any fertilizer will be suitable for decorative leafy plants. Often use nitrogen-containing fertilizers, as they help to accelerate its growth. Fodder should be added during the period of intensive growth (from March to August), and this should be done twice a month.

Monstera transplant

Monstera is transplanted in two cases: if the old container is small or the plant has spent three or more years in the same pot. In such cases, suitable pots are selected, an earthen mixture is prepared (or purchased) and water for irrigation is placed nearby. First, carefully remove the plant from the old pot and try to shake off the old soil as much as possible from the rhizomes, and then pour the roots of the plant in a new pot with earth and pour it over.

The composition of the soil should be such - part of the peat land, part of the cleaned sand, part of the humus, two parts of the sod.

Monstera breeding in apartment conditions

As a rule, this flower is propagated by apical cuttings that have buds. To do this, prepare a mixture of sand, moss and plain water, and rooted in it rooted cuttings. In order to help the plant take root, it should create conditions that are close to natural, for this we take a jar and cover the planted cutting. The temperature in such a home greenhouse should be from 24 to 30 degrees. After some time, the plant takes root, then it can be safely planted in a large pot with the prepared mixture, which consists of coarse grained sand and peat. Rooting takes place in about a month.

Monstera can also be propagated by air shoots, they are initially wrapped in foil, and after the root system appears, they are separated and planted as independent plants.