Pale grebe is one of the most dangerous poisonous fungi. When poisoning with a toadstool is not enough intestinal disorder - in most cases death occurs. Therefore, the mushroom picker has no margin for error.
Most often, the toadstool is confused with green russula. Young mushrooms of the toadstool are very similar to champignons.
However, to distinguish a toadstool from edible mushrooms is quite simple.
1. The leg of the toadstools is very characteristic: it has a tuberous thickening at the base and a well-expressed volvo - a membranous wrapper in the lower part of the leg. It is formed after the rupture of the blanket protecting the young mushroom. In the upper part of the leg there is a membranous ring - the remainder of the same veil.
On this basis, the toadstool is easily distinguished from the russula: it does not have a tuber on the stem (although a slight thickening can be) and volva.
In the toadstool, the foot has a tuber-like thickening, surrounded by a bag-shaped volvo.
In the upper part of the legs there is a membranous "skirt". Y syroezhek leg straight, smooth.
2. The plates on the bottom of the cap are always white in the pale toadstool.
On this basis, the pale toadstool is different from the champignon: it has pink plates and becomes brown with age. But do not forget that in determining the color of the plates, especially in young mushrooms, inexperience, lighting, subjectivity in determining the hue, mushroom excitement, and so on can play a cruel joke.
To distinguish the toadstool from the mushroom, do not look at the leg - they are similar in these mushrooms.
The color of the plates is different in them: in champignons - from pink in young to brown in old,
the pale toadstool is always white.
To eliminate the extra risk, do not collect small, separately growing champignons. The age of such fungi does not allow to accurately determine the characteristics by which champignons differ from pale toadstools.
Opinion experienced mushroom pickers:
1. The genus Amanita (Amanita) is mystical, and not always in a good way. In particular, if we talk about the pale toadstool. In fact, strictly speaking, similar species do not exist. Amanita phalloides - the fungus is very peculiar, it is difficult to entangle.
Yet loud poisoning follows one after the other. In the Voronezh region, they say, mushrooms have already been banned by law, and they are still being poisoned. I think the point here is this. Pale grebe is a very beautiful mushroom. Perhaps the most beautiful. This is a true work of art. It is a masterpiece. No coarse warty filthiness. Solid aesthetics. Especially beautiful are young radical green specimens: a geometrically adjusted hemispherical cap, dark green with ingrown dark veins, correct thickness leg with soft greenish patterns, neat white ring. Instinct beeps: "Eat me!". And they eat it. *
2. And my advice, no offense: if you ask: “How to distinguish between champignon and toadstool?” - then it is better not to collect champignons and mushrooms similar to them. Anyway, in the forest there are many other mushrooms worthy of your attention that do not have such a dangerous twin. *
HOW TO DISTINE THE DIGGING BY EXTERNAL SIGNS?
A pale toadstool has white-colored plates under the cap, sometimes giving off a green tint. At the very root of the toadstool there is an egg, properly called VOLVA, it looks like a white egg in a film from which the mushroom stem grows. The color of the pale toadstool does not change upon breaking, and under the cap there is a ring left over from the volva, but with old age this ring wears off and disappears.
Pale Toadstool: description and photo of the fungus
This is one of the most dangerous fungi on the planet. Just one piece eaten can be enough to cause a fatal outcome. According to historians, the Roman Emperor Claudius and Pope Clement VII were poisoned with a pale toadstool. What is most terrible, poisoning can occur even with the slightest contact of the poison of this fungus with the mucous membranes of a person.
The mushroom pale toadstool (in Latin: Amanita phalloides) is the closest congener of the mushroom. In the people it often is called: "white amanita." The poison of the fungus is incredibly strong in its effects. And if the red mushroom mushroom known to everyone can be eaten after a certain heat treatment, then it is simply impossible to remove all toxins from the toadstool.
Pale toadstool is a classic cap mushroom, having an egg-shaped form at a young age. The diameter of the cap is from 5 to 15 centimeters in diameter, the height of the leg is 8-16 cm. The mushroom got its name from the pale shade of the fruit body. His closest "relatives": spring mushroom and grebe white.
What does a mushroom look like?
Do not have the right to mushroom pickers. Therefore, they must learn to completely distinguish the toadstool from any other species. Let's find out in more detail what this mushroom looks like.
Fruit body toadstool is completely covered with a thin film. The pulp of the fungus is white, fleshy, it practically does not change its color when injured. The color of the cap varies from light gray to olive or slightly greenish. However, with age, it always acquires a grayish tint. The leg has a standard cylindrical shape with a slight thickening at the base. In its upper part there is a characteristic leathery ring.
In adulthood, a pale grebe may exude a sweetish and not very pleasant smell. In the fruiting body of the fungus contains various poisons. They are divided into two groups: aggressive, but slow-acting amatoxins and fast-acting, but less toxic phallotoxins.
The spread of the fungus in nature
In which places grows toadstool pale? Where to expect to meet with this insidious mushroom?
Toadstools are found in nature quite often. The main area of their distribution is the temperate belt of Eurasia (in particular, Russia, Belarus and Ukraine) and North America. Grow both singly and in groups. Growth season begins around the end of August and lasts until the beginning of November (until the first serious frosts).
Pale grebe prefers mixed or light deciduous forests, ideally - deciduous. He likes to "settle" under beeches, hornbeams, oaks, lindens, hazel bushes. Often found in urban parks and squares. Sometimes lives in birch groves. But to meet her in a pine forest is very difficult. Grebe does not tolerate a sandy substrate, preferring fertile humus soils.
Edible Twin Toadstools
Virtually any edible fungus in nature has its poisonous twin. It is important for both experienced and novice mushroom pickers to thoroughly understand this truth. The list of mushrooms, similar to the toadstool, is quite large. For example, in central Russia, it is most often confused with forest champignon, green russula, floats and greenfinch.
Extremely important! You can not cut the mushroom directly under the cap. After all, this way you can not notice the filmy ringlet, which is characteristic of a pale toadstool. By the way, this is how most often pieces of a poisonous mushroom fall into the basket of mushroom pickers.
Another useful tip: returning from a quiet hunt, sort the harvested "harvest." Separate species of mushrooms should be laid out in even rows: chanterelles, boletus, russules, etc. Thanks to this, you can easily calculate the poisonous twin - it will immediately catch your eye. And in case of detection of the toadstool, you will have to get rid of the whole basket, since the poison can remain on other edible mushrooms.
Another extremely important rule: if at least a little doubt in a particular mushroom - do not cut it at all.
Toadstool and champignon: how to distinguish?
How to distinguish forest champignon from pale toadstool? This task is not a simple one. Therefore, many mushroom pickers do not even risk picking champignons in the forest. The table below will help you understand this question.
Has plates of purple or brown
It has white plates
Does not have velum (thickening) at the base
Velum is, and it is clearly visible
Hat turns yellow if damaged
Does not change color if damaged
Pulp often smells like almond or aniseed
As a rule, does not smell any
Juveniles of these two mushrooms are extremely difficult to distinguish from each other. This is only possible for mushroom pickers with extensive experience in quiet hunting. For comparison: below the photo shows young mushrooms toadstool (left) and forest champignon (right).
Russula and grebe: how to distinguish?
Experienced mushroom pickers strongly advise to collect only pink, orange or red russula. So you surely make no mistake. The following table will help you to distinguish the green russula from the poisonous toadstool.
There is no thickening at the base of the fungus, the leg is flat and straight.
The base of the fungus has a powerful tuber-like thickening (velum).
Leg thicker in appearance
Toadstool leg is much thinner
There is no ring at the top of the leg
At the top of the legs there is a characteristic ring
For comparison: the photo below shows the grebe (on the left) and the green Russula (on the right).
Poisonous toadstool poisoning: the main symptoms
This mushroom, perhaps, can be called the most poisonous on the planet. To lay on a hospital bed a healthy and strong man, only thirty grams of pale toadstool is enough. Signs of poisoning by this fungus (major):
- Intense profuse vomiting.
- Intestinal colic.
- Pain and muscle spasms.
- Great thirst.
- Weak threadlike pulse.
- Low blood pressure.
- Bloody diarrhea.
Poisonous toadstool poisoning is almost always accompanied by an increase in the liver, as well as a sharp decrease in blood glucose levels. The latent period lasts on average about 12 hours.
The main danger of poisoning with grebe lies in the so-called period of imaginary recovery, which occurs on the third day. At this time, the patient becomes much better, but in fact the process of destruction of internal organs (liver and kidneys) continues. Death usually occurs within ten days from the moment of poisoning. At the same time, the probability of death significantly increases in people with a weak cardiovascular system.
What to do when poisoning with toadstool?
If the treatment was started no later than 36 hours after the poisoning, then the chances of a successful recovery are quite high. At the slightest suspicion of poisoning with a pale toadstool, you should immediately take only three actions:
- Call an ambulance.
- Clear the stomach, triggering vomiting.
- Take activated carbon (dose: 1 gram per pound of weight).
What should not be done with poisoning:
- Take something that increases blood circulation.
- Drink alcoholic beverages.
- Make even minimal exercise.
The treatment process is quite difficult, since there is no suitable antidote as such. When poisoning with toadstool, doctors use benzyl penicillin, as well as lipoic acid. In parallel, they conduct forced diuresis, hemosorption, put a dropper with glucose and prescribe heart drugs. The overall result of treatment will depend on the dose of poison in the blood and the general condition of the body.
5 common myths about the "white mushroom"
A lot of myths and false information go about a pale grebe in the society. Knowing the true information will help you protect yourself. So let's list them:
- Myth 1: pale toadstool - unpleasant to the taste. In fact, it is not so! It is quite tender, tasty and absolutely not bitter. It is almost impossible to distinguish poisonous fungus.
- Myth 2: “white mushroom” smells foul. In reality, the smell is one of the similarities of the pale toadstool and champignon. Both mushrooms exude an innocent, rather pleasant aroma.
- Myth 3: small insects and worms do not eat this mushroom. In fact, some of them are not at all eager to eat this unsafe delicacy.
- Myth 4: A toadstool can be rid of toxins by boiling it in salt water with vinegar. Absolute lie!
- Myth 5: The garlic cloves will turn brown if you throw them into the pan in which the toadstools are cooked. Again not true. Garlic changes its color under the influence of tyrosinase - an enzyme that can be found in any mushrooms, both edible and poisonous.
The benefits of "white mushroom"
Strange as it may sound, but a pale grebe may be of some benefit to a person. So, in very small (homeopathic) doses, it serves as an antidote in case of poisoning with other poisonous mushrooms. Toadstool is also used to control some pests and insects. In folk medicine, tinctures from this fungus are used as a cure for cancer. Subcutaneous injections are practiced with micro-doses of toxin to combat wrinkles.
Nevertheless, the danger of the toadstool is many times greater than the potential benefits it can bring to a person. That is why it is better to remember what this mushroom looks like, and stay away from it in the forest as far as possible.
The color and smell of the pulp
Pale grebe has a fleshy elastic flesh of white color. When breaking, unlike edible mushrooms, the toadstool pulp does not change color. Another distinctive feature of the toadstool is the almost complete absence of smell or a very weak sweetish smell.
Believe it, the taste of the toadstool is sweetish, but in no case do not try to determine the type of fungus to taste, because even its contact with the mucous membranes can cause serious poisoning.
Cultural, historical and other interesting information
Pale grebe is the most poisonous of our toadstools and one of the most poisonous fungi in general. Statistics: if about 95% of all known fatal mushroom poisoning is caused by species of the genus Amanita, then, in turn, more than 50% of all fatal poisoning by amanita are accounted for by the pale toadstool. Killer mushroom number 1, cleaner shark man-eater.
In the world of pale grebe is widespread quite widely. Her homeland is Europe, from where she has penetrated into East Asia, Africa, the Americas and even Australia and New Zealand in recent decades. There are many different places where the grebe grows, although it occurs less frequently.
Mycorrhiza northern and mid-strip European woody toadstool partners - oak, linden, filbert, birch, maple, elm, beech, hornbeam, and in the southern regions - also chestnut. Quite rarely, but, nevertheless, the grebe is successfully able to form mycorrhiza with pine and spruce. It is noteworthy that in the new places in the process of introduction the pale grebe finds new partners that were not previously characteristic of it. For example, in coastal California A. phalloides has mastered the hemlock (conifer) and virgin oak, in Iran - hazelnuts, in Tanzania and Algeria - eucalyptus, in New Zealand - various species of myrtle tree.
Below is a pale grebe in the photo of different variations of the mushroom on the color of the cap:
At the end of the 19th century, the famous American mycologist Charles Peck announced the discovery of a European species A. phalloides in North America. However, in 1918, these samples were tested and identified by mycologist Professor Atkinson (Cornell University) as a similar species of A.brunnescens. The question of transcontinental pale toadstool seems to have been closed, but in the 1970s it suddenly became clear that the undoubted European pale grebe colonized both the eastern and western North American coasts, having moved from Europe along with the seedlings of the then popular chestnuts. In general, the pale grebe, having started in Europe, captured the entire Northern Hemisphere in exactly this way - along with seedlings and industrial wood. On all things she took about 50 years. Together with oak saplings, it penetrated into Australia and South America (green dances around grown oak trees have long been “pleasing to the eye” in Melbourne and Canberra, as well as in Uruguay, Argentina and Chile, until a few years later the mushrooms found new mycorrhizal partners and started march across continents). It was reliably established that with pine saplings a pale grebe “jumped” into Tanzania and South Africa, where they quickly mastered the local oaks and poplars.
All this speaks of a very high invasive potential of a pale toadstool, which for some reason (warming, activity of phytodesigners.) Has become increasingly manifest in recent times.
Since ancient times, people were poisoned by a toadstool, both by accident and by malicious intent. Perhaps the earliest known cases of poisoning with a pale toadstool (eaten by mistake instead of the Cesarian mushroom) can be considered the death of the wife and children of the great playwright of antiquity Euripides.
History has brought to us a lot of facts and deliberate "harassment" of well-known personalities with poisonous mushrooms to eliminate them from the political or even religious arena. Apparently, most of them are accounted for pale toadstool. The “lucky ones” most often mentioned in this plan are the Roman emperor Claudius and Pope Clement VII.
What do poisonous toadstool mushrooms look like in the photo: how to distinguish them?
Consider what a pale toadstool looks like: a cap from ovate to flat-convex, prostrate with age, mucous or dry, 6-12 cm in diameter, greenish to yellowish-olive, usually with dark, ingrown fibers, rarely almost white or dark - olive brown. На поверхности шляпки в молодом возрасте разбросаны белые хлопьевидные бородавки, которые исчезают у взрослых плодовых тел или после дождя. Мякоть белая, довольно тонкая. Пластинки широкие, белые. Ножка 10-15 X 1,5-2 см, цилиндрическая с клубневидно-расширенным основанием, белая, желтоватая или зеленоватая, гладкая или с чешуйками.Volva is cup-shaped, wide, free (not adhered to a leg, as, for example, in a red mushroom), white, usually torn at the top into 3-4 parts (lobes). The ring is white, slightly striped from above, usually upright, in the upper part of the leg. The smell and taste (at least in young mushrooms) are very pleasant. In old mushrooms, the smell becomes sweet and unpleasant, like crushed insects.
The following shows how the toadstool looks in the photo, illustrating various forms:
Pale grebe by our standards is quite thermophilic and prefers deciduous and deciduous forests. The favorite habitat of this mushroom in the European part of Russia is lime and oak forests. The green fly agaric is found throughout the taiga zone, but still feels better in the south. The most comfortable conditions for the toadstool are the forest-steppe zone (for example, the Volga region, Ukraine, etc.). On the other hand, the thermophilic toadstool leads to the fact that in our places it most definitely has to forest suburbs and dacha settlements, “catching” additional crumbs of heat from cities and other human settlements.
The mushroom is poisonous pale toadstool from July to early October.
In our forests at a young age, poisonous fungus pale can be confused with edible fly-agaric floats and some champignons. There are cases of collecting pale toadstool instead of russules with green hats or greenfinish rows when the pale toadstool was cut very high, right up to the cap, which made it impossible to detect the ring and pouch when reassembling mushrooms at home. It is believed that it can be confused with an adult champignon and even an umbrella. How to distinguish pale toadstool from fully edible species of mushrooms and get this dangerous mushroom in a basket?
Consider further, but for now it is proposed to look at the poisonous pale toadstool in the photo:
The toadstool has a white (albino) form, when the whole mushroom is entirely white. In this case, it is very difficult to distinguish it from the deadly poisonous mushroom of the stinky one (Amanita virosa).
In the world, pale toadstool is not confused with anything. This is due, on the one hand, to a rather low culture of mushrooming mixed with great enthusiasm, and on the other hand to the fact that the pale grebe is a young immigrant who has not yet been sufficiently studied by local mushroom pickers. For example, in recent times there have been reports of cases of fatal poisoning by pale toadstools from immigrants from South and Southeast Asia who settled in Australia and on the west coast of the United States. Poor Asians confuse a terrible Amanita they had never seen before with their favorite straw mushroom (widely cultivated in Asia, Volvariella volvacea). A few years ago, the BBC showed a story taken in Oregon, where four similarly embarrassed members of a certain Korean family managed to save their lives thanks to a liver transplant. Of the seven people who died from the toadstool in the period from 1991 to 1998 in Canberra (Australia), six were former citizens of Laos.
Foreign novice mushroom pickers often confuse young, still unbroken, fruiting bodies of a pale toadstool with edible raincoats, and mature fruit bodies with edible local amanita species (for example, American A.lanei) or green-colored russules and rows.
How is pale grebe used in homeopathy?
Fruit toadstools contain bicyclic toxic polypeptides, which are based on the indole ring. Under the influence of toxins of the pale toadstool, ATP synthesis is inhibited, lysosomes, microsomes and cell ribosomes are destroyed. As a result of disruption of protein biosynthesis, phospholipids, glycogen, necrosis and fatty degeneration of the liver develop, leading to death. Toxins are found in all parts of the fungus, even in spores and mycelium. The following describes how a pale toadstool is used in homeopathy for the treatment of some complex diseases.
From the pale toadstool a unique complex of substances has been isolated, neutralizing the poisons of both the palest toadstool and the toadstool smelly. An antidote is currently being developed on its basis.
In the Middle Ages, cholera was treated with small doses of a toadstool.
Currently, ultra-low doses of alcohol infusion are used in homeopathy for the following diseases: cholera, chorea, diphtheria, gastritis, severe spasmodic contractions of the stomach, vomiting, trismism, Krampi syndrome, tenesmus (frequent, painless), doubt, lethargy, cephalgia, vertigo, collapse , visual disturbances, damage to the muscles of the eyeball, the effects of suppression of discharge, thirst with the desire of cold water.
Symptoms and signs of poisoning by pale toadstool
The fungus is deadly poisonous, so food use is excluded. Unlike a number of other poisonous fungi, neither drying nor heat treatment eliminates the toxic action of the toadstools. For poisoning an adult, it is enough to eat about 1/3 of the fruit body of the fungus (approximately 100 g). Especially sensitive to toxins of the pale toadstool are children whose symptoms of poisoning begin with the reduction of the jaws and cramps. The main symptoms of poisonous toxin poisoning occur after 6 hours - two days. Then other signs of poisoning with a toadstool join: vomiting begins, muscle pain, intestinal colic, indomitable thirst, cholera-like diarrhea (often with blood). The pulse becomes weak, filiform, blood pressure decreases, as a rule, loss of consciousness is observed. As a result of liver necrosis and acute cardiovascular insufficiency, in most cases death occurs.
What does a pale grebe look like?
Amanita phalloides refers to cephalic mushrooms. In an adult fungus, the cap diameter can reach 15 cm. Although specimens with a cap diameter of 6-10 cm are more common. At a young age, the cap is egg-shaped. The edges are smooth, slightly bent down. The description of the toadstool gives an accurate picture of this mushroom. The color of the cap is gray-green or olive, slightly darker in the center than at the edges. The color changes with the age of the fungus. Top hat smooth. On its inside there is a light tubular lamellar layer.
Each mushroom picker met a poisonous specimen in the forest and could smell the unpleasant smell of a pale toadstool, the photo and description of which is in any encyclopedia of the relevant subject. However, only spoiled or old fruits have a rotten smell. Young specimens have a familiar mushroom smell, which can be misleading for the beginner lover of “quiet hunting”.
The legs of the fungus are cylindrical, slightly thickened towards the bottom. The legs of the toadstool are long, can reach 15 cm. Like the cap, they are pale green in color, often with a pattern resembling a moire pattern. Below there is a wide bowl-shaped Volvo, which goes halfway into the ground. Just below the cap on the leg is a “skirt”. However, outwardly it may be similar to edible mushrooms and toadstool pale, toadstool, the types of which are similar to each other.
Where grows toadstool
The poisonous specimen is most often found in deciduous and mixed forests. The fungus prefers to grow near trees such as oak, beech, birch or hazel. In the pine forests almost never occurs. Toadstool can bear fruit both singly and in groups. Since a dangerous mushroom loves fertile soil, it is rarely found in coniferous sandstones. Poisonous grebe is common in Eurasia, Asia and North America. Mushroom pale grebe bears fruit from August to November.
Variability of the Toadstool
The amanita phalloides mushroom has several similar species. These include:
- Amanita smelly,
- spring fly agaric,
- amanita bisporigera,
- amanita ocreata.
All these mushrooms are from the Amanita family. They have distinctive features, but at first glance they are very similar to each other. At different periods of growth, the toadstool is similar to various mushrooms, since the color of its cap varies from pale green to light gray. These are not the types of pale toadstool, but only its dangerous counterpart. In the forest, they are eaten by animals, but a person should not refuse to eat them.
Pale grebe in traditional medicine
For therapeutic purposes, poison toadstools use homeopaths as an antidote for poisoning with inedible fungi. However, this dangerous antidote is rejected by traditional medicine, since the use of the drug based on the toxic substance of the toadstool is questionable, despite all its positive characteristics. Accidental poisoning due to non-compliance with the dosage - and the poison of the toadstool will be fatal.
Poisonous fungus against cancer
Traditional medicine still rejects the possibility of using the mushroom poison for the treatment of cancer in humans. Yes, such experiments were not conducted. However, German scientists are working in this direction, who are conducting research on mice. The animals were injected with a toxic substance extracted from the fungus. Some types of oncological diseases were resolved after several injections. Despite the success of the tests, doctors are in no hurry to use the poison of a dangerous fungus to treat a person.
It was proved that, in addition to the venom excreted, amanitin was also isolated from a pale toadstool. It is a deadly poison that can destroy cancer cells and prevent the development of metastases. One injection is enough to suppress the growth of cancer cells in mice.
How to distinguish from edible fungi, similar to the toadstool
At different periods of growth and maturation, the poisonous grebe may look like other mushrooms. Most often dangerous specimens are confused:
- with champignons,
- with greenfinches,
- with honey,
- with floats,
- with russula.
The distinctive signs of edible specimens must be known to every mushroom picker, because poisoning with a toadstool has disastrous consequences. Even if one small mushroom got into the basket.
Often poisonous toadstool is confused with false champignon, which also belongs to inedible species of mushrooms. A false champignon has a yellowish stem, and when pressed on the cap, yellow spots appear on the edges. Rarely confused are the toadstool and champignon, the similarities and differences of which are well known to experienced mushroom pickers, but are unfamiliar to novice lovers of “quiet hunting”. The legs of the two species are similar, but the plates under the cap differ in color. In the toadstool they are white, whereas in the champignon they are pink or brown.
Zelenushka and dangerous toadstool are similar in external structure. However, the edible mushroom can be recognized by the characteristic lemon-green color of the legs and caps. The cap at the greenfinch is straight, its edges are not bent like a poisonous toadstool. The leg is always short and strong, the “skirt” is absent. However, the main difference between greenfinch and toadstool is the place of its distribution. Zelenushka prefers sandy soils of coniferous forests, whereas grebe is rarely found in similar soil.
False agarics, which are also inedible mushrooms, are rarely confused with the dangerous toadstool. They have no “skirt”, and the color of the cap is bright brown. More often, edible mushrooms can be confused with the toadstool, since their cap has a pale sandy-brown color, and there is a “skirt” on a thin leg. You can recognize edible specimens by scales on a hat, cream colored plates and a pleasant smell.
The mushroom float is an edible specimen, although it has an unattractive appearance. However, outwardly it looks like a toadstool, so even experienced mushroom pickers often confuse them. It is possible to distinguish a float from poisonous species by a thin leg, a dirty gray hat and the absence of a “skirt”.
Green and green russula
Russules are recognized by a straight leg without a “skirt”, the absence of a volva and a tuberiform thickening. Hats in russula and toadstools are similar in color and shape, so you can not rely on this feature. Another difference in syruzhek from poisonous twins is flavor. Russulae smell nicely, whereas adult poisonous specimens have an unpleasant smell.
How to get rid of the pale toadstool on the garden plot
Pale toadstools can occur not only in the forest, but also in the garden plot. There are mushrooms that appeared randomly in the garden or garden, it is impossible. It is best to get rid of them to prevent unwanted proximity to cultivated plants.
The easiest way is to snatch a toxic fungus from the root. If toadstools grow in groups, then you can dig up the ground in this place. If poisonous mushrooms too much, then get rid of them will help garden chemicals.
And so that the green fly agaric does not appear on the plot again, it is necessary to remove all rotten and rotten wood from the backyard territory. The poisonous mushroom likes shady places, so there should not be high grass and weeds on the plot. In those places where the toadstool grew, the soil should be periodically loosened.
Symptoms and signs of poisoning
Poisonous toadstool poisoning is dangerous because the signs of toxic substances in the body do not appear immediately. The first symptoms of poisoning can occur only after 30-40 hours.
The first symptoms of poisoning are acute pain in the stomach and intestines, upset stool, vomiting. Diarrhea and vomiting are so frequent that it is impossible to stop them with drugs. Diarrhea watery, yellow-green color.
After 2-3 days, the symptoms of poisoning may disappear, as if there was no use of a toxic fungus. However, the effects of poison in the body quickly make themselves felt. During the day, the pains continue, vomiting and diarrhea reappear.
The effect of poison on the human body
There are several stages of the action of a toxic fungus on the human body:
- Latency period. Lasts up to two days. At this time there are no signs of poisoning. However, during this time, poisonous substances have time to penetrate into the blood and begin its destructive effect on the internal organs. This time is also called the incubation period.
- Symptoms The fact that the body is affected by a toxic toxic substance is signaled by acute pain, frequent vomiting and diarrhea, as the poison causes inflammation of the mucous membrane of the stomach and small intestine. Also, this period is characterized by a strong dehydration of the body, against the background of which the blood pressure decreases. The patient feels very weak, dizzy. During this period, seizures and loss of consciousness often occur. Symptoms of intoxication manifest themselves within 1-2 days.
- Imaginary lull. For a short time, all signs of intoxication disappear. The patient thinks he is recovering, but this is only an appearance. This stage of poisoning is dangerous because if a large amount of poisonous substance enters the body, sudden death can occur. The stage of an imaginary lull lasts no more than 12 hours.
- The defeat of the parenchymal organs. Toxins have a damaging effect on the liver, so during this period there are severe pains in the right side. Symptoms are similar to signs of renal failure. This stage is characterized by the presence of yellowness of the skin, mucous membranes of the mouth and eyes.
The lethal dose for an adult is one-third of the cap of the fungus. If this amount of poison is ingested, then death results from acute heart failure and deep damage to the kidneys and liver. Fatal outcome may occur within a week, and in the absence of timely treatment, already on the first day. But if the patient was treated in time, then after a few weeks the signs of intoxication disappear without a trace, and the internal organs affected by toxins are completely restored.
First aid for poisoning
In case of poisoning with a pale toadstool, it is important to quickly assist the victim, because a favorable outcome of treatment depends on it. If symptoms of intoxication appear in the first hours after eating mushrooms, then you should immediately wash the stomach. For this, the patient drinks no less than a liter of warm water and causes vomiting. The procedure should be repeated 5-6 times. However, washing the stomach at home may not have the desired effect if 6 hours have passed since the poison entered the body, since during this time the toxic substances have time to get into the blood.
Simultaneously with the provision of first aid it is necessary to call the medical team. In the hospital, the patient is washed the stomach with a probe, which is much more effective than a home procedure. The doctor prescribes the necessary sorbents and laxatives. However, they can be taken at home at the first signs of intoxication. The most suitable laxative is magnesium sulphate. Of the sorbents are effective drugs based on milk Thistle, Activated carbon, Smekta, Polysorb.
Insects and worms
Worms, flies and any other insects do not even try to approach the toadstool, therefore it is almost impossible to meet a wormy toadstool.
Toadstool spore powder is white, spore shape is round. This fungus is so poisonous that getting its spores on nearby plants makes them poisonous. Never pick herbs and berries near pale toadstool.
Grebe prefers deciduous forests, most often it can be found near the birch, oak, linden. In coniferous forests and on sandy soils, pale toadstool can only be seen in exceptional cases. But if you saw a mushroom-like mushroom in a park area - almost with a 100% probability you have a pale toadstool.