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Location: Novosibirsk region
Shamo in Japanese means "fighter". The fight chickens of this breed are one of the subspecies of the Malay chickens. They were brought to Japan from Siam, and then they appeared in Germany in 1953. Shamo's chickens were brought to Russia only in the late 90s of the twentieth century.
Chickens of fighting breed Shamo is divided into three types:
1) Large breed cocks O-shamo weigh from 4 to 5 kilograms, chicken weight can reach 3 kilograms, brown eggs weighing about 60g,
2) medium breed cocks Chu shamo weigh from 3 to 4 kilograms, and the weight of a chicken can be about 2.5 kilograms, brown eggs weighing about 40 g,
3) Rooster dwarf breed Ko-chamo weigh from 1 to 1.2 kg, the weight of a chicken is about 0.8 kg, the approximate weight of one egg is 35 g. In a year, the laying hen of the Shamo breed can carry about 60 eggs, it all depends on the climate, food and conditions.
The main distinguishing features of Shamo chickens are almost vertical posture, muscular chest, short plumage, feathers tight to the body, and straight back. The predatory gaze and small head immediately remind of the outstanding fighting qualities of this breed. Indicators of the breed are: Slightly elongated wide head, combed at the back of the head, Powerful brows and deep-set eyes, Extremely developed muscles of the cheeks, Podillary crest, which then turns into a nut-like, Unobtrusive earrings, red pharynx reaching the neck, Surely curved long neck, reaching the neck, Surely curved long neck reaching the neck nape scalloped plumage, Very wide and convex chest, with exposed bosom protruding forward, Wide and long back covered with sparse plumage, Slightly raised short wings in front with the tnym bare bones, constantly lowered, rather long and not wide tail with slightly curved feathers dreadlocks, long and strong legs with tightly pressed to the ground rear fingers and sharp spurs, an unacceptable deviation for the appearance of this breed is considered too hollowed out heel joint. The colors recognized for this breed are recognized by pure black or black with shades of red, silver, piebald, wheat, as well as white, porcelain, blue, silver-blue, birch, and pheasant-brown. However, there are no strict requirements for color, only it must be very clearly expressed.
Chamos of Shamo breed are hardy, strong and muscular. Roosters are very aggressive to each other and to birds of another breed. The roosters of Shamo are excellent fighters, they act aggressively, stubbornly and deliberately in battle, never retreat and fight to the last of their strength.
Roosters can be kept only in individual cages, as they constantly rush into battle, show belligerence and need constant training.
The content of the hens of the Shamo breed is very demanding. January is considered the best time for incubation. Breeding layers should be selected in December and fed with protein-rich food.
Fight chickens Shamo need regular walking on green grass to warm up, as well as get the necessary vitamins and mineral elements contained in pasture. In the diet of these feathered pets must be products containing a large amount of protein, contributing to the growth and development of birds.
Breed signs of the rooster
- Body: the body is an exceptionally wide, upwardly slightly convex line of the back, angular, highly raised shoulders. Behind it tapers strongly to the shape of an egg, it is held almost vertically, covered with sparse plumage, so that the reddish skin is translucent in some places.
- Neck: very long, with a sure bend, with very poor plumage, with comb-like plumage on the back of the head, which should not reach the shoulders.
- Chest: wide, slightly arched, and like a Malay, the neck, chest and ankles form an almost straight line. Nude brisket protrudes both Malayan and Azila strongly forward.
- Back: wide, long, slightly arched, with very short, sparse, lumbar plumage.
- Wings: short, wide, high in front, raised tightly, showing the exposed bones of the wings.
- Tail: narrow, long, always lowered, moderately curved feathers of braids. The braids and tail feathers are excessively long.
- Stomach: poorly developed, tucked up.
- Head: moderately long, very wide, the skull is convex, like that of Malayans, on the back of the head is stiles, with strong brow thickenings and deep-seated eyes.
- Face: strong cheek muscles.
- Crest: pods, rolling in walnut.
- Earrings missing or barely noticeable, on the pharynx bare red skin that reaches the upper part of the neck.
- Auricles: red, very small.
- Beak: set high, powerful, with a large gap, curved, yellow or horn-colored.
- Eyes: colors of pearls or orange-yellow, look gloomily.
- Lacquers: longer than average, muscular, with very poor plumage, distinctly distinguished from the body, as if rushing forward, bending easily.
- Legs: longer than medium, very strong, but without coarse scales, depending on the plumage can be richly yellow to wheat-green. The rear finger tightly pressed to the ground, strong sharp spurs.
- Height: with a slight height of the shoulders, but strikingly long neck reaches the top of the Malay.
Types of colors (recognized):
- black - red
- black - piebald
- black and silver
- wild coloring
- with a golden neck pheasant brown
- porcelain colors
- red - lumbar
There are no high requirements for color and pattern, the type of color should be clearly visible.
- Live weight: rooster - 4kg and above, chicken - Z kg and above.
- Egg weight: minimum egg weight for incubation -60g.
- Shell color: brown.
- Ring size : rooster - 1, chicken - 2.
Visual assessment and evaluation by hands.
Fight Shamo breed is very temperamental, so training in the cage is very important. Typical signs of the breed: a straight, elongated posture, with angular, bulging and high shoulders, on the back and tail - the current line. From the tip of the beak to the tip of the fingers, you can draw a vertical line. When evaluating with hands, it is preferable to check the body density and the points of the head are ready to establish anatomical defects.
Explanation of the standard in the sequence of their importance.
- Torso, chest, back.
Shamo with his straight stand shows himself neck, torso and posture. The musculature is firm and strong. Plumage is scanty, bare chest and bare spots on the wings are signs of the breed. The back is weakly marked.
- The shoulders, wings high raised, wide, angular, protruding forward. The edges of the wings fit snugly to the body.
- Back and tail.
The back is wide and long with short lumbar feathers, a rather flat tail of medium length, sword-shaped braids. The tail should form one line with the back.
- Head, scallop, earrings, eyes, ears, beak.
Powerful head with a three-row, pod-like comb, a convex skull, strong muscled muscles, on the back of the head. The earrings are barely noticeable, on the throat is bare red skin that goes down to the upper part of the neck (earring). Auricles are small: the beak is strong, wide at the base, strongly bent, set high. The gap (gap) in the beak is typical for the breed. Pearly-colored eyes that lie deep.
- Ankles, legs and toes.
The ankles are slightly longer than the legs, muscular, strong, strong, protruding forward. The fingers are very strong.
- The neck is very long, from the body to the head it is equally powerful, with scant plumage, which to the bottom becomes longer, but does not lie on the back.
- Plumage scanty, adjacent, short. Naked spots on the chest and wings indicate good development.
- Color and drawing.
There are no high requirements for color, but the color should be clearly visible.
Content and breeding.
With optimal content is very hardy breed. It requires a lot of movement, if possible on the lawns. The best time for incubation is the beginning of the year. Breeding stock should be made up in early December and fed with protein foods, i.e. dry feed mixture for hens in the right quantity and grain mixture, about 20 g per bird. To get eggs on time for incubation requires additional coverage. In the first days of their life, chickens should be kept on thick bedding and at least at 33 degrees Celsius. As a feed, it uses a special mono-feed for chickens without additives in order to avoid excess protein foods (warping, etc.). Only once a week to give vitamins with drinking water. Two weeks later, as a supplementary feed, give salads, nettles, dandelion, green onions or carrots, but in limited quantities. After banding, go to a specialized feed for young stock in half with forage to get the desired pen hardness. In view of the great fighting energy you need to take care of sufficient space already in the young. Juveniles should be kept divided in half.
Shamo breed of chickens
Gambling was very popular in most Asian countries from antiquity. Cockfighting is one such bloody entertainment that pushed breeders to create supernaturally resilient warriors who can win, fight fearlessly against the enemy and recover quickly.
"Shamo" - translated from Japanese means "fighter", and it shows the real essence and main purpose of the fighter. There is a theory that bellicose Japanese were bred for the sole purpose of becoming invincible in cockfighting.
However, today the fame of gambling entertainment has faded away, and for the birds they invented a new destination - the breed has become sporty, participates in shows and exhibitions, and divorces itself as decorative and exotic.
For a long time, the chickens were bred exclusively in their homeland and did not leave the country. Local breeders worked with them and brought a dwarf version. In 1953, the acquaintance with this species began all over the world.