Magnolia Sulanzha (lat. Magnolia X soulangeana) is a hybrid of the Magnoliev family, obtained in 1820 by French botanist-breeder Etienne Soulange-Baud, by crossing the magnolia of nude and Lilium color. The plant inherited from its parents all positive qualities very quickly became popular. Due to the variety of varieties, resistance to frost, as well as early, abundant and very beautiful flowering Magnolia Soulangu is grown as a decorative crop in homestead plots, lawns around private houses and cottages.
- The plant is a tree-like shrub or tree, from 2-3 to 8 m high, with a spreading crown of a round or pyramidal shape,
- The root system of this plant is well branched, the main part of the roots is located in the surface layer of the soil,
- Low branches with smooth curves and beautiful bark grow almost from the ground itself,
- The flowers are large, cup, or glassy (with something similar to tulips), with a diameter of up to 25 cm, with a unique and well-felt aroma even at a distance. The color of flowers, depending on the variety, can be pure white, pale pink, purple, red and even two-color. This type of magnolia blooms very early - in April-May. With warm spring flowering can begin even in March.
- Leaves - oval, obovate, with pointed tips, pale green in color, glossy on the front side, dull and covered with fibers - with reverse,
- Inedible fruits - mnogolistovki (combined leaflets), externally similar to cones of coniferous breeds. Ripen in September and October. Seeds are large, oval.
On a note. The peculiarity of this culture is the abundant appearance of flowers first, and then foliage. In this case, flowers occupy most of the shoots.
In addition to the beauty of abundant flowering, this type of magnolia gives popularity to such characteristics as winter hardiness - the plant can withstand temperatures down to -250 ° C without damaging flower and leaf buds, cracking the bark.
Despite the resistance to frost Magnolia grows Sulanzhu mainly in the southern regions with a mild subtropical climate (Black Sea coast, Krasnodar region).
Important! Cultivation of certain types of magnolia is possible in temperate climates. So, if you drive a magnolia flower growing in the Moscow region into a search engine, you can find videos telling how to grow and care for this beautiful plant in conditions not only in the vicinity of Moscow, but also in Siberia and the Far East.
Magnolia Sulanzha species includes 28 varieties. The most common among them are the following:
- "Alexandrina" is a variety that differs from other sprawling pyramidal crown. It blooms early. The flowers have a pale pink color and a pleasant delicate aroma.
- “Amabilis” is a durable shrub variety with a compact crown up to 3–4 m high. White (cream) fragrant flowers, 7–8 cm in diameter, having the shape of a glass, appear simultaneously with the foliage in late April and early May.
- “Alba Superba” is one of the most popular varieties. It is a lush shrub, up to 5 m high. The color of flowers in Alba Superba is soft white. Abundant flowering occurs before the appearance of foliage in early May.
- “Andre Leroy” is a sprawling shrub up to 5 m high. It blooms earlier than other varieties - in mid-April. The flowers are cup-shaped, large (up to 15 cm in diameter), have a pink-purple color on the outside and white on the inside.
- "Lennei" - a variety of Italian breeding, which is a spreading bush, up to 5.8-6 m in height. It blooms in mid-April-early May. The flowers are large (up to 18 cm in diameter), pink in color with a white center. This variety has high resistance to low temperatures and environmental pollution.
- "Rustica Rubra" - a lush bush, up to 5.2 m. It blooms in late April-early May. The flowers are cupped, red-purple in color, up to 13 cm in diameter, have a characteristic pleasant aroma.
Magnolia Sulanzha view includes 28 varieties
Important! When buying seedlings, one important condition should be observed: they should be purchased only in specialized nurseries or from their authorized dealers. This ensures high varietal purity and authenticity of the purchased planting material.
Regardless of what sort of Magnolia Sulange is purchased, only proper planting and care will make a beautiful and strong plant out of a small seedling.
For planting this culture, choose a place that most fully meets the following requirements:
- Illumination - for a magnolia suit well-lit and protected from cold wind and drafts places. At the same time, this plant should not be planted in the sun, because at the initial stage of growth, the seedling can not withstand the constant high temperature and die. It will also be bad to grow a culture in low and swampy areas in spring or summer.
- The soil - the soil of the site for planting magnolia should be loose, fertile, have a close to neutral reaction of the medium (neutral acidity pH = 6.5-7). This decorative culture grows best on the cohesive sandy and loamy soils, underlain by sand and sandy loams.
- The groundwater level - since the surface magnolia root system is inhibited by flooding with groundwater, their maximum level during the season should be at a depth of at least 120 cm.
Magnolia planted in early spring
Magnolia is planted in early spring, after thawing of the soil and melt water, or in autumn (October) on the site selected by such criteria. Planting is carried out in pits with a diameter of 1 m and a depth of 30-40 cm. A mixture of fertile (sod) soil, lowland peat and well-decomposed compost in a ratio of 2: 1: 1 is poured at the bottom of the pit before planting. The seedling is placed in the center of the pit in such a way that its roots rest on a mound of soil mixture poured to the bottom of the soil. The pit with a seedling is filled up gradually, compacting the soil adjacent to the roots. The upper layers of the soil in the pit in order to avoid evaporation of moisture is not compacted, leaving in a loose state. After planting, seedling watered with warm water from a watering can.
Important! It should not be poured into the pit at once all the soil. Part of it should be left on the bedding - after some time, the soil in the planting pit will compact and settle, thus forming a depression near the seedling. If it does not fall asleep, excessive moisture can accumulate in it, which will inhibit the growth and development of a young plant during prolonged stagnation.
If you plan to plant several varieties, the distance between them in a row is selected taking into account the diameter of their crown and the height of an adult plant. This is necessary so that in the future the neighboring plants do not touch the branches and shade each other minimally. On average, the distance between different varieties should be 2-3 m. When planting several rows, the row spacing should be between 3 and 5 m.
Magnolia Sulanzha is a moisture-loving plant. It should be watered often enough, using warm rain water. When watering should be careful to ensure that all moisture is absorbed, and there was no stagnation near the plant. The frequency of watering - 1 time in 2 days. At a time, no more than 20 liters of water are poured under one plant.
Especially important is watering in the summer heat - at this time irrigate the crop with the help of garden sprayers, installed next to the bushes so that small drops of moisture fall on the leaves.
For mulching of this culture apply lowland peat, compost. Cover the soil with a layer of mulch in the early spring, after surface loosening and moderate watering. In the future, mulch periodically updated. A constant layer of mulch during the warm season should be at least 5 cm thick.
The first two years the young plant does not feed. Starting from the 3rd year, during the warm season, two supplements are made:
- The first dressing is produced in early spring, during the period of the awakening of the kidneys. It provides a more amicable and lush flowering, active growth of the plant.
- The second dressing is made in summer (until mid-July). It is necessary for the bark on young shoots to grow stronger, and they do not freeze over during the winter.
Produce top-dressings such complex fertilizers, as:
- AGRECOL "For Magnolia" - 40-50 g / sq. M.,
- "Unevarsal" Kimir - 80-100 g / m square.
When feeding fertilizers are evenly scattered around the plant, they are filled up when loosening.
Pruned Magnolia Sulanju only in spring. At the same time, the thin tips damaged by severe frosts are removed, the branches that are in contact with each other grow inside the crown, thickening it. Also, all dried and broken by the wind shoots are subject to cutting.
Pest and disease control
The main disease affecting the magnolia bush is chlorosis. It appears on the leaves in the form of yellow spots. The causes of chlorosis are alkaline soil, stagnation of excess moisture in the root zone, flooding of the root system by groundwater. To combat such a disease, alkaline soils are acidified with high-moor peat, pine litter. If flooding by groundwater and poor water permeability of soil are the causes of chlorosis, the plant is transplanted to another location.
The main pests directly or indirectly damaging the plant are:
- Spider mite - especially strongly populates magnolia and other flower cultures in dry hot weather. Settling on the leaves, sucks the juice out of them. Damaged shoots do not grow, weaken and can freeze out during the winter. To fight spider mite, magnolia is sprayed with acaricides such as Aktelic, Aktara, Fitoverm, Omayt, Fufanon.
- Rodents - gnawing the root neck of a young seedling, damaging the bark. The injured areas are treated with garden pitch. To fight rodents, magnolia roots are sheltered after the first frost - in frozen soil, rodents cannot build their nests and damage the plant during the winter.
- Moles - making their moves, moles often gnaw the roots of magnolia, causing weakening and often the death of the plant. Ultrasound or home-made scarers are used to combat them, traps and traps are placed in the soil, and the molehills burrow onto the surface with water.
Preparing for the winter season
Young magnolias under the age of 3 years carefully harbor on the eve of the winter season. To do this, after the first steady frost, the roots located close to the soil surface are warmed with a layer of mulch, sawdust, and straw. All skeletal branches and trunk are wound with agrofibre or burlap. Branches with undisturbed wood, as well as broken by the wind pruned. Small bushes are covered completely with agrofibre spunbond.
In the spring, shelter is removed when a steady positive temperature occurs.
If properly planted and cared for, then from a small magnolia sapling you can grow a strong and luxuriantly flowering plant that adorns any garden or lawn. Apart from the fact that most varieties of Magnolia Sulange are planted in open ground, you can also grow this crop in winter gardens and greenhouses.
Where to plant magnolia
Choose a place for magnolia protected from the wind, especially from the cold winter winds, Mon.-Zap. direction. Magnolias do not like open sunny places. They prefer diffused light or light partial shade. Magnolias grow well on well-drained, moist (do not tolerate stagnant water, loose, rich in organic matter, acidic (Ph 5.5-6.5) soils.
Note. One of the reasons for the poor growth of magnolia is the presence of lime in the soil. Avoid places with stagnant moisture, calcareous and saline soils. When choosing a place for this plant, you need to take into account the growth of a tree or bush in adulthood.
How to plant Magnolia
Young magnolia seedlings need to be planted immediately to a permanent place, magnolia does not tolerate transplants. Magnolia is not very whimsical to the soil, but it will grow better in poorly saturated organic soil. For planting seedlings you can prepare a mixture of the following components: turf ground, peat, compost (2: 1: 1). The soil for planting should be loose, moderately wet. If the soil is too dense, it should be mixed with sand, vermiculite or perlite.
The pit for planting a magnolia should be 3 times larger than its root system. After we have planted the plant, the soil around it needs to be heavily rammed and watered. Pristvolny circle must be covered with bark of coniferous trees (mulch) so that the moisture evaporates more slowly.
Important. Make sure that the roots of the plant are not dry before planting. To avoid this, buying seedlings is best in a container. Thus the magnolia will transfer landing to an open ground easier.
When to plant magnolia
Magnolia, which was bought in a pot, can be planted in open ground throughout the warm period, but it is better to do this in the fall (no later than October). It is at this time of the year that she is at rest. Sapling is better to choose the one on which there are flower buds.
If you plant a magnolia in the spring, the plant begins to actively stretch, the sapling will give a good growth and, often, it starts wintering with shoots that did not have time to silt. In this case, those shoots will freeze in winter.
After flowering, during the development of leaves and fruits, magnolia must be fed with complex mineral fertilizers - this will help develop better, be more resistant to weather conditions. The last dressing should be done no later than July, because at the end of August the magnolia goes into a state of rest and begins to prepare for wintering.
Shelter for the winter In 1, 2, 3 years after planting the plant in open ground, the lower part of the trunk and the root system should be covered for the winter (in November), with a special agro-cloth, coniferous branches, straw, a layer of mulch should be 20-30 cm .
Magnolia does not need global pruning. Cut dry, damaged branches. Frozen flower buds, cut off after flowering. You should also cut those branches that grow in the middle of the crown. This procedure helps to improve the decorative appearance of the magnolia, as well as active growth and development. Process all cuts with garden pitch.