A beautiful, well-groomed garden that brings a rich harvest is the dream of any gardener. And he can bring joy not only in the spring because of the beautiful flowering and aroma, but also in the autumn during the harvest season of juicy and healthy apples.
But the yield of the garden may suffer as a result of infestation of trees by various parasites. Then the yield is in question, and the storm of defeat hangs over the whole garden. One of these pests is codling moth. This parasite can cause irreparable harm not only to the harvest, but also to the entire garden as a whole due to its rapid reproduction.
The biological features of the butterfly
The butterfly moth is brown or grayish in color. The wings have a transverse shape, a span of no more than 2 centimeters and a spot in darker colors than the body of a butterfly. To notice the infestation of a tree by a pest in the early stages is almost impossible, due to the fact that the butterfly leads nightlife and lays eggs on the fruits and leaves in the dark.
The number of eggs laid by females can reach hundreds, of which, after seven days, caterpillars of light red color with a brownish head appear. During one season, a butterfly can breed two generations of larvae, which can destroy almost the entire crop and significantly damage the fruit tree itself.
Life activity of a caterpillar
Hatching caterpillars enter the fruit by eating the flesh, reach the core, which prevents the fruit from developing properly. As a result, the fruits fall. Caterpillars of apple codling mills can get infected not only with apple trees, the pest can affect any fruit tree.
The apple moth can also affect already formed fruits, which, despite continued growth, can reach maturity before others and fall off under the influence of the pest’s vital activity.
The time of development of the caterpillar can reach the monthly period, during this time the insect can damage a large number of fruits. In the autumn months, the pest moves into the cracks of the bark of the tree, it takes the form of a pupa and lives until spring. For wintering, the caterpillars can choose harvest storage sites, sheds, cellars, or fruit crates.
The pest control can be carried out by various methods, the main task is to prevent insects from breeding and not getting into secluded places for wintering. In the initial stage of the lesion, a method of trapping has proven itself well. To rid the garden of insects using such methods of resistance:
- Belts for catching insects.
- Spraying trees with herbicides.
- Disinfection of storage rooms.
If the apple fruit moth is very fertile, the control measures need to be combined. It also makes sense to carry out preventive work to prevent infection.
It is possible to catch insects with the help of various devices. Can be used against the pest (apple moth) control measures in the form of a belt for catching. Such devices work due to the desire of the worm to find a secluded place. For the manufacture of such belts, you can use any available material: cardboard, paper, newspapers or fabric. Trapping belts are located at a tree height of up to 30 centimeters from the ground and represent a kind of skirt.
A strip of material up to 20 centimeters wide is wrapped around the trunk and fixed with a rope or rubber band on top, while the lower part of the belt remains in a free state. When overlaying paper, it is advisable to slightly deform or crush it, then you will get many bends, and the caterpillars will freely settle in a similar trap without infecting the fruit. Lining such devices on the tree should be carried out in the last days of May or in the early dates of June. Change such devices should be once a week, carefully destroying the old lining.
Advantages and disadvantages of the trapping method
The advantages of this remedy for apple moth lies in its low cost and simplicity. What could be simpler than to tie a piece of material on a tree trunk? With this method, the codling moth is quickly destroyed and control measures do not allow fruits and trees to be treated with chemical compounds, which makes it possible to get a crop without extra nitrates. Such belts for catching insects can serve not only against the apple moth, they are quite capable of coping with other types of dangerous garden pests.
The disadvantages are the need to constantly monitor the traps. Replacement of the belts should be carried out after the rain. Paper tends to disintegrate under the action of moisture, and film traps are not desirable because of the risk of overheating the bark of the fruit tree on hot summer days.
Spraying trees with insecticidal preparations
The fight against the codling moth in the spring can begin with spraying the garden with special preparations. Among them are "Decis", "Rovikurt", "Sonnet", "Karbofos", "Nomolt", "Sherpa", "Fastak" and their analogues. An apple moth of this type can transfer drugs without harming itself, therefore it is better to carry out each subsequent garden treatment by another means.
Timing spraying trees should be strictly adhered to.
- The first spraying is carried out after flowering, but before the first ovaries appear.
- The second spraying is carried out 12 days after the first. During this period, the apple moth can strike young fruits.
- The third spraying is carried out 10 days after the second.
Spraying should be carried out in the evening because of the pest's nocturnal lifestyle when the air temperature is not less than 18ºС, because at a lower temperature the chemical may not work properly.
Spraying is strictly prohibited during the ripening of the fruit, because it can undergo saturation of the pulp with chemicals, and such a crop is not acceptable for human consumption. In such periods, you can spraying infusions of wormwood or tops from tomatoes. It is the decoctions of these plants have effectively established themselves in the fight against the codling moth.
Method of catching butterflies using fermenting solutions
How to deal with the codling moth with chemicals, every gardener knows, but such tree protection can have a detrimental effect on the crop. Therefore, you should pay attention to solutions with the action of fermentation. They are not poisonous and are excellent for the destruction of butterfly pests.
Empty containers are filled to a third with a solution of apple compote or another ingredient that can cause fermentation. To obtain such a solution, you can use whey from milk, kvass bread, beer or decoctions of dried fruit. For the fermentation process, add sugar and yeast to the solution, insist a few hours and pour it into containers. Next, hang the bait on the tree. The strong smell of yeast attracts butterflies, they die in the tank, not having time to make a laying with the larvae.
Replacement of such traps should be carried out as they are filled, but at least every 3-4 days. Otherwise, the fermentation process will end, and there will be no sense from the device.
Measures to combat the apple moth in the fall
If in the spring, despite all efforts, to defeat the pest did not work, then you need to hold a series of activities in the fall after harvest. To prevent larvae from crawling into the bark of a tree, the trunk can be limescaled. Taking into account whitewash at least a quarter of the tree. The solution of lime should not be made liquid, it is better if all the voids and cracks of the tree are filled with it.
It is good to scrape off parts of the dead bark of the trunk and branches with a scraper and get rid of the waste obtained by burning. In the autumn, a deep tillage of the land should be done around the trees, this will help kill the larvae that overwinter in the ground.
Having prepared the tree for wintering with such methods, it is possible to get rid of the treacherous moth in the spring.
Prevention measures to prevent re-infection
Fruits that have fallen from an infected tree are unsuitable for human consumption. But if the fruit is large and the tree has not been treated with chemicals, then such fruits can be put up for processing, taking into account the complete destruction of the resulting waste.
After harvesting, scavengers cannot leave unprocessed fruits for storage at night. The moth will crawl off due to the principle of its nocturnal activity and the risk of reinfection of the tree or damage to other trees near the house is possible.
A container for harvesting should be chosen from flat and smooth materials, preferably ceramic or plastic. Pest larvae will not be able to hide in secluded corners, as in wooden boxes. After processing such dishes should be thoroughly washed and treated with any disinfectant.
The described methods really contribute to the fight against garden pests. Help to save the crop and prevent damage to trees in the garden. When using preventive measures against infection, the garden will smell sweet and please its owners for a long time.
Pest moth pest - how to recognize it?
It is much easier to deal with the attack of insects, when their number is small and the problem only seemed from afar. In the matter of butterfly moth all complicates its nocturnal lifestyle. Before looking for the right cure for the moth on an apple tree, you should learn to recognize the enemy. During the whole summer period and part of September, three stages of insect development can be detected at once:
- the first on the site will appear inconspicuous apple butterfly with dark gray wings of a large size and small brown back,
- then small caterpillars with a white body and a black head will give to know about themselves,
- as it grows, the body of the caterpillar becomes pink, the head becomes brown.
The main problem is that an inexperienced gardener tracks only the first generation of butterflies, carefully processes the garden, and then forgets about the problem. However, in warm regions, the caterpillars pupate and give the second generation of butterflies, and after the appearance of the new caterpillars, the gardener's nightmare begins: they destroy the ripe harvest of early varieties and even green apples in the late varieties. The simplest way to understand that the apple moth is to use pheromone traps. If a week there will be from five insects, it's time to start work.
Apple moth - methods of struggle
There are always two camps to protect the garden: some gardeners spare nothing and immediately resort to the help of the chemical industry, the second camp consists of supporters of benign methods. It is difficult to say in which case we will damage the garden more if efficiency leaves much to be desired. The fight against the moth on an apple tree is reduced to catching butterflies, treating clutches and caterpillars.
With the beginning of flowering of early varieties, the years of the first butterflies begin, but before the end of it, the second generation will begin. Gardeners are missing this point in the matter of crop rescue. Catching the codling moth has two sides:
- this is a cheap and absolutely safe for human health option of saving fruits, it works quite effectively, in parallel helps to get rid of some more pests of the garden,
- but this salvation is only in conditions where it is possible to constantly monitor the trees, some traps require replacement after precipitation, in the hottest regions there is a risk of overheating the bark of the tree, if we are talking about belts.
There are several fundamentally different approaches in insect trapping:
- When there is no offspring, there are no problems with the harvest. Males begin their years with the beginning of flowering, females will appear closer to its end. The task is to place pheromone traps from the moth all over the site and catch the maximum number of males. Two or three years of painstaking trapping will surely give results. Efficiency increases when the trap is located at 3/4 the height of the tree.
- Independently, you can make homemade kvass and pour it on the banks, which then hang on the branches. It uses the flavor of fermentation, which literally attracts apple pest. With the arrival of May or the beginning of flowering, up to a dozen individuals gather in each jar per night.
- Traps use the sensitivity of insects to light. In zinc buckets pour paste. When light reflects the apple moth flies into a bucket, beating off its walls, fall into the paste.
How to treat the apple tree moth?
When the garden is very large, or you find yourself in raids at the dacha, preparations work much more efficiently in getting rid of the codling moth. In this situation, there are two ways: use the powerful power of chemical manufacturers, or resort to the latest biological developments. Insecticides are good in their performance, but the slightest overdose turns a healthy fruit into poison.
Among insecticides, Atom, Ditox, Binom, Tod, Fufanon proved their effectiveness. They work on destruction from the moment they leave the egg until it appears in the fruit. However, we must not forget that excessive use can cause a tick breeding outbreak. An alternative would be the biological drug "Fitoverm", which can be used during periods of heat without fear of causing a tick outbreak. Lepidocide and Bitoxibacillin have proven themselves well.
When to process trees from moth?
It is necessary to disperse the preparations during the period when the caterpillars begin to emerge. The time when you need to spray from the codling moth, counted from the peak of the summer butterflies: after 8-12 days, you can safely handle the garden. This applies to drugs of all groups. Biological weapons require reapplication every two weeks. It is most effective to use insecticides for the first time, then to fight with biological means until the end of the season.
How to determine what is on your site is the codling moth started up? First, observe whether the butterfly years have increased 2-2.5 weeks after the end of the blooming apple trees. Secondly, take a look at the first ovaries. On holes damaged by insects, small holes appear. Thirdly, if you have not noticed the first two signs, then you can certainly find out when healthy apples start falling from the tree. In a section it is possible to observe the eaten pulp and seeds.
This is a particularly dangerous type of pest.. It multiplies with unprecedented speed. Widely distributed in the south of Russia. There have been cases when in one apple, gardeners found up to 5 larvae of the eastern pinwort. This caterpillar can in a short time destroy the entire crop of apples at your cottage.
This caterpillar does not like the heat very much. She feels good during rains and at high humidity. And when the humidity drops to 30%, these insects begin to die en masse.
Apple moth larvae photo
The larva is normal caterpillar pinkish-red hue with small gray dots along the body. It can not be any hairs or fluff. The body also has legs with walking nails. The rear legs are not real, but they look the same. The caterpillar is not very large in size and can reach a length of 2 centimeters.
For the winter, the pest is wrapped in a spider cocoon and placed under the bark, in packages, storages and other places most suitable for comfortable wintering. If your garden is young, then the moth will most likely be located near the root of the tree's neck right in the soil.
Moth on the apple: methods of struggle
Measures to combat moths are divided into:
Important to rememberthat all these methods separately will not give any results. To defeat the pest you must use all 4.
Healthy trees, for which ongoing care is rarely subjected to attacks of these pests. But those trees that are exposed to severe frosts, hail, or are overfed with "organic nitrogen" most often become victims of "nasty" caterpillars.
A garden cannot consist of old trees alone. It should constantly sit down new species. Thus, you will increase the number of insects that feed on moths, thereby saving themselves from their worst enemy.
Prevention of the appearance of codling moth
- It should be twice a year (spring and autumn) to clean the bark of trees and remove the cocoons of butterflies that overwinter there,
- In order to remove the fruits that were affected by the moth, the trees are periodically shaken. All fallen apples must be collected and carried away from fruit trees as far as possible.
- A flowerbed should be broken around the apple trees to attract various insects that feed on pests,
- Moth does not like the smell of tomatoes, so they will not be superfluous near your garden,
- The caterpillars always leave fallen apples and return to the tree in search of new profits. At this very moment they can be caught. Sly gardeners use sticky tape to catch flies. It is simply wrapped around the trunk. Do not forget that different insects will stick to this tape, so it needs regular updating,
- Взрослых бабочек приманивают яблочным сиропом, который готовят по следующему рецепту: на 2 литра воды вам понадобится 100 грамм сушёных яблок. Их необходимо прокипятить в течение тридцати минут и добавить в сироп дрожжи и сахар. Во время процесса брожения этот компот вызывает огромный интерес у бабочек, который стоит им жизни,
Химические средства борьбы
Сейчас магазины просто переполнены различными препаратами для борьбы со всевозможными вредителями. Но есть препараты новые и ещё не проверенные. В случае с плодожоркой лучше довериться well proven drugs:
In the evening, a massive butterfly age begins, which means that trees should be processed on a quiet evening without precipitation and strong gusts of wind. The solution is prepared in accordance with all the recommendations specified in the instructions for the preparation. It is necessary to process not only those branches that are located at the bottom or those on which damaged fruits were noticed. Spray should be absolutely all branches and leaves, so as not to leave an insect a place of refuge.
Biological methods of struggle
Many herbsthat can be found in their own garden act on the pest is not worse than the most expensive drugs. Among them:
The first treatment comes at the end of the flowering period of apple trees. Two weeks later, the second treatment of trees is carried out, and another two weeks later the third.
If you have a lot of apple trees in your garden, Between them you can plant crops such as:
The moth is afraid not only of their smell, but also of those insects which they attract - these are horsemen. They are the first enemies of a garden pest. Apples that fall should be immediately harvested and buried away from the garden. Now pheromone bait has become especially popular. These are the traps on which the pheromone of the females is applied. Its smell spreads within a radius of 50 meters. All males flock to it and fall into the trap.
You can also try attract birds to your garden. In the fall, this is done by hanging the feeders, and in the spring of birdhouses. Birds love to eat moths.
Mechanical methods of struggle
There are some ways of struggle that begin to use in the fall. When the entire crop is harvested, experienced gardeners are digging around the tree trunk. In the spring, it is necessary to remove the bark from the trees, which has died off during the winter. In her like to spend the winter various pests. The collected bark should be immediately burned so that the awakened pests do not have time to move to the trees.
Another effective method is use of trapping belts. They are made of burlap and wrapped around tree trunks. Once a week, they should preferably be cleared of caught caterpillars.
Modern pesticides in the fight against pest
The old "grandmothers" drugs had several disadvantages:
- they had no direction of action, they killed both harmful and beneficial insects,
- were dangerous for the gardener himself,
- their dosage is too high
- toxic substances tend to accumulate in the soil and fruits,
- they are afraid of rain as they are immediately washed away from the treated surface,
- their duration is too short and you have to do it over and over,
- to kill a pest, you need to get the drug on his skin or inside.
The superiority of modern pesticides:
- the pest's organism cannot adapt to these drugs,
- not dangerous for beneficial insects, such as bees,
- a tree can be protected for up to 3 weeks, not afraid of rain,
- instant action on the moth and other pests,
- can be absorbed into the fruits and leaves, which leaves the pest no chance of survival,
- destroy the entire family of moths: butterflies, caterpillars and even eggs.
Protecting the apple tree from the moth folk measures
As stated earlier, moth does not tolerate the smell of wormwood. A special infusion is prepared from this plant that will help to get rid of the codling moth very quickly. Spraying is carried out after the end of flowering once a week for a month.
For 1 liter of water you will need 1 kilogram of wormwood. It is filled with warm water. Flooded grass should be infused during the day. Pure infusion must be diluted with water in a ratio of 1: 5 (solution: water).
Also good deters the apple moth the tomato. From its fruits and leaves another effective remedy is prepared against the codling moth.
On 4 kilograms of a mixture of crushed leaves, stems of green fruits of a tomato, you will need 10 liters of water. This mixture must be boiled for half an hour, and then allowed to cool and strain. Next, 3 liters of the resulting broth you will need another 10 liters of water and 50 grams of soap. The resulting solution can be sprayed on trees affected by the codling moth.
Adding an article to a new collection
Conducting timely preventive treatment, you will warn the appearance of codling moth in his garden. If it is too late to do the prophylaxis, use our advice on how to get rid of the moth.
There is hardly a person who has never come across a wormy apple. Fruit orchards around the world every year become a target for attacks of a dangerous pest affecting the fruits of apple, pear, quince, plum, apricot, peach and even walnut.
Meet the Codling Moth
The codling moth (Cydia pomonella) is a small moth with a wingspan of 15-20 mm. Gray-brown color makes it easy to mask on the trunks and branches of trees. When the apple trees bloom, the years of the butterflies begin (lasts 1.5-2 months), the females lay eggs (40-120 pcs.) On the surface of young fruits, stalks, leaves and shoots. The codling moth egg (up to 1 mm in diameter) has a brilliant milky-green color.
Hatching caterpillars through the petiole or wounds on the skin of the fetus are embedded inside, blocking the inlet of processed food. Moving to the center, the caterpillar falls into the seed chamber, where it eats the seeds of the fruit.
When the affected fruit falls to the ground, the caterpillar gets out of it and returns to the tree to continue feeding. Having completed the feeding (on average, it lasts 16-45 days, depending on the climate), the caterpillar caterpillar climbs into the bark of the tree, erects a dense cocoon and winters.
During the life cycle of 1 the caterpillar can damage from 2 to 5 fruits. Damaged by the pest fruits fall prematurely, so that in one season the moth may cause damage to 25-90% of the crop.
Pupation occurs next spring, but too warm weather (23-25 ° C) in August-September can take the caterpillar out of hibernation and provoke pupation. In this case, winter varieties of fruit trees are at risk from severe damage to the plant moth.
The optimal time for treating plants against the codling moth is 8-12 days after the peak of the flight of butterflies, when there is a mass hatching of caterpillars from eggs. In the fight against the insidious pest, the following drugs have proven themselves well:
1. Organophosphate insecticides effective from the stage of release of caterpillars from eggs to ingestion of the fetus (consumption - 10 ml per 10 liters of water):
2. Pyrethroid drugs In the summer, they are used cautiously in order not to provoke the invasion of ticks, the air temperature should be no more than 23-25 ° С (consumption - 3 ml per 10 l of water):
Consumption - 5 ml per 10 l of water:
3. Tsigalotriny (consumption according to package instructions):
4. Insecticides that affect the development and growth of insects, effective at the beginning of the peak of the flight of butterflies (consumption according to the instructions on the package):
5. Viral and biological preparations:
Processing of Fitoverm is carried out at an air temperature not lower than 18 ° C during the period of hatching of the caterpillars from the eggs. Bitoxibacillin is used during the growing season with an interval of 7-8 days. Trees trees drug during flowering is impossible.
Codling moth treatment rules
First, before you start garden processing, read the instructions carefullyattached to any means. Use a protective mask, gloves, clothes.
The optimal time for processing fruit trees is early spring (the so-called “green cone” spraying).
Test the drug on a single plant. and look at the state: if it has not deteriorated, feel free to use a remedy to protect the remaining trees.
For the first treatment, use a chemical insecticide, subsequently use only biological products (until the end of the season). Alternate drugs - this will increase the effectiveness of their effects on the plant.
The infusion of tobacco, used by some summer residents to sprinkle trees, is not as harmless as it seems. Nicotine is toxic and was once part of the now forbidden insecticide.
Codwalk protection in 7 steps
Step 1. Clean tree bark from old bark twice a year (in spring and autumn). So you remove the cocoons with caterpillars, settled in the bark for the winter.
Step 2. Plant flowering plants near the trees. They will attract insect enemies moth.
Step 3. In between the rows of trees, organize a tomato bed: the smell of a tomato deters the apple tree moth.
Step 4. Make a butterfly trap. Prepare apple syrup from dried fruits: put 100 g of dried apples in 2 liters of water and boil for half an hour, add 200 g of sugar and 20 g of yeast. When the syrup begins to ferment, pour it into containers and place it on the site. The fragrance will attract butterflies, they will sit on the surface of the syrup, and will not be able to get out of the sticky trap.
Step 5. Every day, collect fallen, damaged fruits, after gently shaking the tree. This will prevent the caterpillars from returning to the trees.
Step 6. Make a trap belt for wood. To do this, you can use sticky tape from flies: wind it with the trunk low from the ground. This eco-friendly trap will not give the caterpillars the opportunity to climb the trunk. Detailed instructions on how to make a fishing belt with your own hands, are presented in our article:
Step 7. Apples store in a box, tightly covered with a lid. At the bottom put pieces of corrugated paper or cardboard. Caterpillars, crawling out of the fruit, will hide in the folds of the paper. After some time, the paper with the pupae and caterpillars is burned, and the boxes are treated with boiling water.
By adopting methods to combat the codling moth, you will get rid of the pest plaguing fruit trees and save the crop.
What is moth
The moth is a butterfly, an agricultural pest affecting the fruits of trees. Externally, the adult is almost not attracts attention. This butterfly is nocturnal, therefore the scales on its wings have a nondescript coloration, which makes it possible to mask on the bark of the tree during the laying of eggs. The reproduction period starts simultaneously with the beginning of flowering and lasts 1.5–2 months. During this time, one female has time to lay up to 120 eggs on the bark, leaves and branches of the chosen plant.
After a few days, the caterpillars hatch, feeding on the ovaries that form. After 1–1.5 months, they hide under the bark or in the ground for pupation and the appearance of new individuals. During the season, three generations hatch, each of which has time to lay eggs. The latter does not have time to pupate: cocoons hibernate under the fallen leaves, in a container for fruit storage, in storage facilities. As soon as the ambient air temperature overcomes the 10 ° C heat limit, an adult butterfly will emerge from the cocoon - the process will repeat from the very beginning.
Apple, pear and plum: types of photos
The moth affects the fruits of apple, pear, quince, plum, blackthorn, cherry, cherry plum, nectarine, apricot and peach.
Damaged fruits appear prematurely ripe, for the most part they fall off, often with caterpillars.
Moth can be distinguished by its appearance:
- in the codling moth butterfly, the front wings are dark gray, the lower wings are brown, the caterpillars are light pink in color with a black head, and the eggs are milky white,
In the phase of fruit formation, the caterpillar of the codling moth damages 2-3% of the crop.
The pear moth is a butterfly of the lumber family, harms the cultivated varieties, as well as the wild European and Caucasian pear species.
3 In young fruits, the caterpillars very often damage the bone, and in more mature ones, they gnaw out a cavity in the pulp of the fruit around the bone, filling it with their excrement
How to spray chemicals
Chemistry on the site - it is heavy artillery, which is used when preventive measures and folk remedies did not help. The treatment is carried out four times:
- the first time - at the time of flowering plants,
- second and third time - with a two-week interval,
- fourth time after harvest.
Synthetic drug in the form of a concentrated emulsion with a wide spectrum of action. For spraying apple trees, 5 ml are diluted in 10 liters of water. This volume is enough to process 100 square meters. m garden The treatment is carried out twice during the growing season, completing 30 days before harvesting. To start other works in the garden can be a week after spraying. Toxic to bees.
Ash is a highly toxic substance, therefore a respirator and gloves are required.
The consumption of the drug depends on the type of plant being treated: for apple trees it is 8 ml per 100 sq. M. m, for pears, plums, cherries and apricots - 25 ml, for peaches 14 ml. The required amount is diluted in 10 liters of water and proceed to spraying. The last treatment is carried out 40 days before the expected date of harvest. Toxic to fish, therefore not used in the water protection zone.
Malathion emulsion is available in the form of ampoules of 5 and 10 ml. The content is diluted with water in the ratio of 1: 1000, per 1 hundred garden will need at least 10 liters of the finished product. Apple and pears are processed twice per season - before flowering and after harvesting, and cherries and plums are allowed to be sprayed 4 times per summer.
For spraying, dilute 10 ml of concentrate in 10 liters of water, this amount is sufficient for processing 200 square meters. m garden Enough double processing. Safe for bees, not washed off by precipitation.
From the end of May to mid-September, depending on the climatic zone, in the orchard at the same time all the development stages of the moth are found.
The solution for spraying apples, pears, plums and apricots is prepared at the rate of 5 ml per 10 liters of water. The interval between treatments is kept for 3 weeks, the last time they are sprayed two weeks before the expected date of harvest.
Apply to plums and cherries, diluting 15 ml in 10 l of water. The maximum number of treatments does not exceed 2 times per season.
Available in 5 ml ampoules. To prepare the solution, 4 ampoules are diluted with 10 liters of water. This amount is sufficient for processing 5 trees.
General rules for spraying apple trees and other trees from the moth:
- the first spraying is carried out at the time of flowering fruit trees,
- two subsequent - with a two-week interval,
- processing is carried out in the absence of rain and wind, in the evening,
- observe safety measures - protect face and hands, prevent contact with eyes, etc.
It will take 0.5 kg of dry tobacco, 20 liters of water and 50 g of soap. Tobacco pour 10 liters of water and infuse for 2 days. The infusion is boiled for 2 hours and diluted with another 10 liters of water. Immediately before spraying, rub soap into the container.
A rather effective measure is the creation of feeders, which will help to attract insectivorous birds to the garden.
Another remedy for moths is wormwood decoction. As ingredients use grass wormwood and water. 1 kg of green mass is poured with a bucket of water and boiled for 20 minutes. Cool, diluted with 10 l of water and sent for processing.
The butterflies hide well in the foliage during the daytime, while the eggs are covered with a glued sheet;
You can try to get rid of the codling moth with pepper decoction. For its preparation you will need red hot pepper, water and laundry soap. 0.5 kg of pods of pepper pour 2 liters of water and bring to a boil. The broth should boil for at least an hour under a lid, after which it is sent to the infusion for 2 days. Infusion is filtered and stored in a dark bottle in a cool place. To treat the area, 0.5 liters of filtered infusion is diluted in 10 liters of water and 50 g of finely soaked soap is added.
What will help trapping belt
Help fight with moths you can trap belts. To make them, you will need a piece of paper, cloth or burlap, from which you need to cut strips 25–30 cm long. The trunks of the trees are wrapped with them at a height of 30–40 cm from the ground. Above the trap must be fixed with a twine, it should be free below. When the caterpillar begins to climb the trunk, it will eventually fall into the trap. From trapping belts need to regularly remove and destroy the insects caught there. For greater efficiency, you can spread traps with tracked glue.
Tracked glue is a thick, non-drying adhesive mass that is applied to the bottom of a tree trunk with a thick layer. Such a sticky belt does not allow pests to climb higher and get into the crown.
Fight against caterpillars with pheromone traps
In recent years, pheromone traps have been used. Females of many species of insects, attracting males, emit pheromone volatile substances with high physiological activity. Males feel them for tens and hundreds of meters. Scientists have been able to synthesize pheromones of a number of insects, including apple, plum and oriental moths, grapes moths, and Californian scale insects. They are used to determine the onset of the appearance of butterflies, which allows us to establish the optimal timing for pest control. So, if more than 5 moths of the first generation and more than 2–3 of the second generation fell on one trap during the week, it is necessary to begin chemical treatment of the garden.
It is important that pheromones are applied at all sites near your garden at the same time.
After 6–10 days required for laying eggs and caterpillars, they are first treated with chemicals. В результате отлова самцов часть самок остаются неоплодотворенными и неспособными рождать потомство.
В природных условиях феромоны сохраняют действие в течение 1–1,5 месяцев и привлекают самцов плодожорки на расстоянии до 50 м. По истечении срока вывешивают новую оснащённую ловушку или меняют источник феромона на старой.
Отзывы об эффективности народных и промышленных средств
You saw how many butterflies in light traps get stuffed, I fill up any surface with a full layer overnight, some crawl out of the trap (a container with sweet water) but cannot fly away, and a hedgehog waits for them, but I plan to start producing bats without The "right" chemicals harvest is very difficult to save.
Besides spraying with karbofos, I can offer nothing less than chemical. All methods with traps with sugar syrup or even more interesting, as recommended in the literature, mechanical trapping does not give such an effect as the treatment with chemistry.
Infusion of garlic is good to use in the fight against the moth, aphids, suckers, ticks. I usually take 150-200 grams of garlic and grind in a meat grinder, add 10 liters of water, insist 5-7 days. Then filter the solution and process the trees. It is advisable to use a fresh solution, usually on the second day the pests die.
You can also clear the old bark on trees in the fall and spring in order to remove the cocoons with wintering caterpillars. Collect the caddis on a daily basis. It is useful to periodically shake the tree slightly to control the shedding of damaged fruit.
In the fight against this pest will help the destruction of plant debris, autumn plowing between rows and tillage in tree trunks. Spraying is carried out with approved insecticides - “Zolon” or “Sumition” before the start of the mass laying of eggs at about 1-3 decade of July. Last treatment - 30 days before harvest.
There are many ways to fight, but more preferred is one that is safe for plants and for humans. For this we use camphor alcohol. We saturate 7–8 pieces of cotton or pieces of cloth (for an adult tree) and hang them in the tree crown. Unfortunately, the alcohol quickly disappears, so after a week the whole operation is repeated. Camphor is not absorbed in the fruits, but about a month before the harvest we remove these “flavors” from the tree. Along with this, we hang trap belts on the trees, which remain there for the whole summer. But there are not many pests under them.
Each of the methods of combating fruit moth individually will not provide guaranteed protection against a pest. A comprehensive approach is needed in which agrotechnical techniques are complemented with chemical preparations and proven folk remedies. In order to cause less harm, a new spraying agent is tried on one plant, and in the absence of side effects, the whole garden is treated.
Harm from moth
The moth harm not only the apple trees, plums, pears, quinces, apricots, and peaches also suffer from its vital activity.
The caterpillars enter the fetus through the pedunculated recess, damage on the peel, under the cover of the leaf. In the place where the worm penetrated, rot appears. It is provoked by bacteria that carry caterpillars on their bodies. Later, damaged fruits are chosen by wasps.
Adult caterpillars of the last generation, crawling from one to another fruit, eat their flesh. Thus, one individual can spoil two or three fruits, and sometimes even five.
If a damaged fruit falls to the ground, within one or two days it moves from it to the trunk in order to continue its harmful activity in other fruits on the tree.
Now you have an idea of what the moth is and how much damage it can cause to fruiting apples and other fruit trees.
Next, we offer you a description of several ways how to get rid of it. However, you need to understand that the use of one of them is unlikely to help you cope with the problem. Only an integrated approach is able to give the desired results.
There are three ways to deal with the moth and its caterpillars in the garden plot:
It is necessary to get rid of plant residues, in which caterpillars can also hibernate. In early spring and autumn, the treatment requires bark of trees. Old sites, suspected locations of pupae, are subject to removal. The removed bark needs to be burned.
Do not ignore the drop. It is necessary to select more often.
Grassy plants that attract insects, natural enemies of caterpillars, can be planted in close proximity. Also, with the help of equipment feeders in the garden attract insectivorous birds.
Butterflies can not stand the smell of tomatoes. Therefore, you can scare them away from the garden by planting tomatoes or mustard, dill nearby.
In the summer you can use it as protection from the moth moth trapping belts. They are made as follows. Stripes of 25-30 cm are cut from paper, cloth, burlap. They need to wrap a tree trunk at a distance of 30-40 cm from the ground. Top trap tied with string. Do not attach below.
Caterpillars, making their way to the fruit in the trunk below, will fall into the trap. They will need to be extracted and destroyed. Traps can be impregnated with tracked glue. If the tree is more than 20 years old, you can also coat the material or paper with betanaftol.
As a trap, you can use the usual sticky tape for catching flies. Inspection of trapping belts is desirable to produce at least once a week.
Butterflies can be caught manually. As they fly out at night, they are attracted by the bright light, and then they are caught and destroyed. Under the light source you can arrange a trap with adhesive tape or sticky paper.
After collecting the fruits, the containers where they are stored are covered with corrugated paper. Caterpillars will leave it. Containers should be without gaps, tightly closed. Subsequently, the caterpillar paper is removed and burned. A container from under the apples is cleaned and treated with boiling water.
Folk methods of struggleFor many years of confrontation with the moth on an apple tree, gardeners have tried many methods of struggle, including folk remedies. The most commonly used spraying infusions and decoctions of insecticidal herbs: tansy, burdock, wormwood. Processed coniferous, tobacco broth. These tools have a deterrent effect.
The first spraying of infusions and decoctions is done when the apple tree blossoms. Subsequent two treatments are at two-week intervals. Spraying is carried out in the evening in windless dry weather.
Tobacco decoctionprepared from a pound of dry tobacco. It must be infused for 10 days in 10 liters of water. After boiling for two hours. After the broth cools, another bucket of water is added to it. Immediately before use, 50 g of soap is added to the solution. Trees are treated during the mass birth of caterpillars.Also effective against moth is decoction of red pepper. It is prepared as follows. Take a pound of pepper pods, pour 2 liters of water, boil for an hour in a saucepan with a lid. Then the broth insist for two days. After that filter.
For spraying, use half a liter of broth, combined with 10 liters of water and 50 g of soap. The remaining liquid is stored in a closed bottle.
Its scaring properties are known and tomato infusion.For its preparation use 4 kg of chopped tomatoes (tops, roots, green fruits), 10 liters of water. The solution is boiled for half an hour, then filtered. For spraying, take 3 liters of prepared liquid, 10 liters of water and 50 g of soap.
Moth chemical preparations
Chemical preparations are used only in the case of mass destruction by codling moth. When spraying apple trees from the moth, you can find out with the help of the pheromone trap, which must be placed on the garden plot. If more than five butterflies fall into it within a week, it means that we cannot do without chemical treatment of trees.
Of course, it is advisable not to bring the situation to the point where it is necessary to apply chemistry. Use at first sparing methods of struggle. If they did not help, then choose the most environmentally friendly drug.For severe infections, four treatments are recommended. The first spraying should be carried out during the departure of the butterflies, the second - in two weeks, the third - two weeks after the previous one, the fourth - after the harvest.
There are many drugs that can destroy the caterpillar caterpillars. Chemical, biological and viral agents have been developed.
Such insecticides, such as “Atom”, “Binom”, “Ditox”, “Zolon”, “Fufanon”, “Sirocco”, “Iskra-M”, “Decis”, etc., are most often used for moths. They are able to kill caterpillars in the period from the release from the egg to the introduction into the fetus. It is during this period that they need to process the trees.
Permitted use against moth pyrethroid drugs: Ivanhoe, Calypso, Sumi Alpha, Kinmiks, Fatrin, Alatar. This group is used for processing 8-10 days after the departure of butterflies.
In the fight with moths use growth regulators "Dimilin", "Match", "Herald", "Insegar".
From biological preparations effective "Fitoverm" (used in the period from the release of caterpillars from the eggs to their falling into the fruit), "Lepidotsid" (during the growing season against each generation, keeping to the interval of 10-14 days), weekly space).
Viral drugs use less often. Allowed: "Madex Twin", "FermoVirin YAP".