General information

Hermes herbicide: characteristics, instructions, consumption, compatibility

HERMES - post-harvest selective herbicide of systemic action, designed to combat one-year dicotyledonous, as well as with annual and perennial cereal weeds on crops of sunflower, pea, soybean and chickpea.


The advantages of the drug Hermes:

  • ATThe high efficacy of the drug with a reduced concentration of AD thanks to the innovative MD formulation (oil dispersion),
  • HAdezhny protection of crops from one-year dicotyledonous, and also one-year and perennial cereal weeds,
  • ATHighly effective combination of two active ingredients from different classes,
  • UhIt is effective against all races of broomrape,
  • Haveresistant to washing out by precipitation.


The spectrum of activity of the drug Hermes

Herbicide Hermes it is effective against one-year dicotyledonous, and also one-year and perennial cereal weeds.


The mechanism of action of the drug Hermes

Imazamox absorbed by the leaves and the root system of weeds and inhibits the synthesis of a number of amino acids.

Hizalofop-P-ethyl absorbed by the leaves and other above-ground parts of weeds, is transferred to the points of growth of shoots and rhizomes and disrupts lipid synthesis, which leads to the death of the weed.


The rate of exposure to the drug Hermes

Herbicide action Hermes begins to appear after 7-10 days after treatment at air temperatures of 25-35 ° C and humidity of 40-100%.


The period of the protective action of the drug Hermes

A drug Hermes penetrates the plants through the aboveground organs and moves to the root system, therefore the effect of the drug is noted on the weeds found in the sowing during the period of treatment with the drug. Herbicide Hermes does not penetrate the soil and does not affect the weeds that appeared after spraying. Drug efficacy Hermes lasts, as a rule, throughout the growing season.


Compatibility of the drug Hermes with other pesticides

Before use, check the physical compatibility of the tank mix components.


Restrictions on crop rotation!

The following year, you can sow all crops except beets (a safe interval between the use of herbicide Hermes and sowing beets - 16 months).


Phytotoxicity of the drug Hermes

Under adverse weather conditions before or after the use of the drug Hermes short-term discoloration of leaves of cultivated plants may occur, which passes rather quickly and does not have a negative effect on the further growth, development and size of the crop.


The possibility of resistance

Cases of resistance to the drug Hermes not found. In order to avoid the emergence of resistance of grass weeds to the preparation, alternation with herbicides from other chemical groups is desirable.

Regulations for use in agriculture

Annuals and some perennial dicotyledonous and cereal weeds

Spraying of crops in the early phases of weed growth (1-3 leaves) and 1-3 true leaves of culture. Observe restrictions on crop rotation.

The following year, all crops can be sown except for beets (the safe interval between the use of herbicide and sowing of beets is 16 months).

Working fluid consumption - 200 - 300 l / ha

Annuals and some perennial dicotyledonous and cereal weeds

Spraying of crops in the early phases of the growth of weeds (2-4 sheets) and 4-5 true leaves of culture.

Observe restrictions on crop rotation.

The following year, all crops can be sown except for beets (the safe interval between the use of herbicide and sowing of beets is 16 months).

Working fluid consumption - 200 - 300 l / ha

Annuals and some perennial dicotyledonous and cereal weeds

Spraying of crops in the early phases of weed growth (1-3 leaves) and 1-3 true leaves of culture.

Observe restrictions on crop rotation.

The following year, all crops can be sown except for beets (the safe interval between the use of herbicide and sowing of beets is 16 months).

Working fluid consumption - 200 - 300 l / ha

Compiled by: Velichko S.N., Ignatiev P.S.

Page uploaded: 11/11/14 11:49

Last updated 04/07/18 4:48 PM

The article was compiled using the following materials:

State catalog of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation, 2014. Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation (Ministry of Agriculture of Russia) & nbspDownload >>>

State catalog of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation, 2015. Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation (Ministry of Agriculture of Russia) & nbspDownload >>>

State catalog of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation, 2016. Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation (Ministry of Agriculture of Russia) & nbspDownload >>>

State catalog of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation, 2017. Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation (Ministry of Agriculture of Russia) & nbspDownload >>>

The state catalog of pesticides and agrochemicals permitted for use on the territory of the Russian Federation, 2018. Ministry of Agriculture of the Russian Federation (Ministry of Agriculture of Russia) & nbspDownload >>>

Active components and packaging

The drug is sold in the form of an oil dispersion. This means that the active substance of the chemical is evenly distributed in the carrier, which is used as vegetable oil. It should be noted that such a form in itself has a number of indisputable advantages.

First of all, the oil is poorly washed off with water, and, therefore, the drug remains on the leaves even after a sudden heavy rain.

Thirdlythe active substance insoluble in water, getting into the oil, does not precipitate out, but is in a finely dispersed state, the solution as a result is obtained as homogeneous and uniform as possible and acts as efficiently as possible on the entire treated area.

In Hermes, the main active ingredients are not one, but two: hizalofop-P-ethyl and imazamox. Each liter of vegetable oil contains 50 g of the first and 38 g of the second of these components. Hizalofop-P-ethyl is a water-insoluble white substance of a crystalline structure, almost odorless.

It is widely used as a herbicide to protect sugar beets, potatoes, soybeans, sunflower, cotton and some other crops. It is easily absorbed by the organs of weeds, accumulating in the nodes and in the root system and destroying them from the inside within one to one and a half weeks. In perennial weeds, in addition inhibits secondary growth of rhizome.

Imazamox is used in production after germination herbicides to protect against certain sunflower, soybean, pea, rapeseed, wheat, lentils, chickpea and other cultivated plants.

This substance is also easily absorbed by the organs of a weed plant and blocks the production of substances necessary for its normal development. As a result, the parasite slows its growth and gradually dies, and the chemical quickly dissolves in the soil and is almost not dangerous for other crops.

The manufacturer of Hermes is the Russian company Schelkovo Agrokhim (which, by the way, is the domestic leader in the production of drugs for the protection of various crops, present on the market, taking into account several transformations, for almost a century and a half and during this period it has gained considerable prestige ) realizes this herbicide in original packages (plastic cans) on 5 l and 10 l.

Such volumes are easy to explain, considering the protection of which crops are primarily intended for the preparation.

For what crops is suitable

Proved the effectiveness of the drug for protection against weeds of plantations after shoots of such plants as:

The main "wards" of this herbicide are sunflower and peas.

In this sense, Hermes is a real find for the farmer.

What weeds are effective against

Due to the combination of the drug not one, but two active substances with herbicidal action, which successfully complement each other, Hermes is effective not against one specific, but against different types of weeds of both annual and annual cereals which are generally very difficult to eradicate.

In particular, the drug allows you to clear the field from:

  • ambrosia,
  • chicken millet,
  • wheatgrass creeping,
  • yarutki field,

  • shchiritsy,
  • foxtail,
  • quinoa,
  • mustard,
  • bluegrass,
  • chaff,
  • milkweed vines,
  • clever ladder,
  • Tinophora Teofrasta.
  • A separate achievement of the drug manufacturers is its effectiveness against all types of broomrape (the Latin name is Orobanche), the primordial enemy of sunflower, popularly known as the top.

    For many decades, breeders have been trying to develop hybrid varieties of sunflower that are resistant to broomrape, but this work is more reminiscent of the notorious “arms race”: for each created resistant hybrid, new weed races are formed very quickly. Therefore, the manufacturers of the herbicide "Hermes" went from the opposite - they created a drug that is really capable of suppressing the development of this most dangerous parasite, preventing it from growing, blooming and, accordingly, forming seeds.

    Herbicide Benefits

    The main advantages of the drug, we have already mentioned let's summarize them again:

    1. Convenient form, providing the most uniform distribution of active substances on the treated surface, the rapid penetration into the tissue of the parasite and resistance to washing with sediment.
    2. The perfect combination of two active ingredients that complement each other.
    3. A wide range of actions (effective against not one, but a whole list of different classes of weeds, including the most dangerous broomrape for sunflower).
    4. Minimal, compared with many other drugs, restrictions on crop rotation (more about this will tell below).
    5. Low toxicity for the main crop, human and the environment.
    Regarding the latter indicator, the manufacturer carried out special studies: very poor conditions were created for experienced sunflower specimens, after which they were treated with Hermes and other herbicides.

    An analysis of the results showed that, although the sunflowers exposed to Hermes were lagging behind, this delay was very slight, and as soon as the stress situation stopped (the plants began to water again and slightly reduced hard overheating), everything immediately became places.

    At the same time, control samples (treated with another drug) suffered significantly more. From the experiment it was concluded that Hermes effect on mainstream culture much softerthan other weed medications.

    Mechanism of action

    Thanks to two different in the way of exposure to active substances, the drug acts on the weed complex: absorbed by all organs, including the stem, leaves and root, is active in the soil, inhibits the growth of the parasite and does not allow it to regenerate.

    The oil base of the dispersion in this case acts as an accelerator of the drug, destroying the wax layer of the weed and at the same time protects the cultivated plant from sunburn. Due to the oil component, the solution does not dry out for a long time on the leaves, does not evaporate and does not flow, but, on the contrary, is distributed over the ground weed organs with a thin film.

    Having fixed, the preparation, through the same oil, easily penetrates deep into the plant, where the active substances contained in it begin their destructive work, unmistakably finding growth points and blocking them almost instantly.

    As mentioned, hizalofop-P-ethyl accumulates in the roots and in the aerial parts, completely blocking the growth of the plant. One week after entering the soil, Hizalofop-P-ethyl decomposes in it without residue. Imazamoks inhibits the synthesis of valine, leucine and isoleucine - the amino acids necessary for the development of the plant, as a result, especially sensitive dicotyled weeds just die.

    Preparation of working solution

    To carry out the treatment with the preparation, the working solution is prepared immediately before use by mixing the oil dispersion with water. The technology is as follows: First, clean water is poured into the sprayer tank, then gently, with constant stirring, the herbicide is added (before use, the manufacturer recommends thoroughly shaking the contents of the package).

    When the canister from under the preparation is empty, a small amount of water is poured in there, thoroughly mixed to wash the remnants of the preparation from the walls, poured into the sprayer tank. Such a procedure, for maximum use of the entire drug, without residue, is recommended to be carried out several times.

    The manufacturer specifies the concentration of the Hermes herbicide in the working solution in the instructions for its use attached to the product. It depends on what kind of culture will be processed. For sunflower, for example, a solution with a concentration of 0.3-0.45% is prepared; for peas, chickpea and soy, the concentration is made slightly less - 0.3-0.35%. Processing is best carried out using ground sprayers such as Amazone or similar devices to this brand.

    Method, processing time and consumption rate

    Hermes treatment is carried out once during the season by spraying the crops in the early stages of parasite development (as a rule, the moment when the majority of dicotyledonous weeds form one to three true leaves is chosen, but when processing sunflower, you can wait until the fourth leaf appears).

    As for the cultivated crop itself, in relation to soybean, pea and chickpea, the number of true leaves at seedlings should also be from one to three; for sunflower - to five.

    Hermes herbicide consumption rate on average fluctuates within 1 l per 1 g of cultivated area, however, it varies slightly depending on the main crop: processing of chickpea and soybean crops consumes from 0.7 l to 1 l per 1 g, while processing peas - 0.7-0.9 l per 1 g, for the sunflower the drug needs a little more - from 0.9 to 1.1 l.

    Since the concentration of the working solution for processing sunflower is initially slightly higher, the consumption of such a solution per 1 g of area is always about 200-300 l.

    Impact speed

    The manufacturer guarantees the onset of action of the drug on the seventh day after treatment, about 15 days or a little later, the growth of weeds should stop completely, and after a month and a half the parasites die.

    If you do not take into account the specified ideal conditions, on average, the drug provides a result after two months of waiting, but in relation to sunflower it acts a little faster - about 52 days after treatment.

    Period of protective action

    Hermes herbicide - a drug that acts on the weeds after they have climbed (as we said, the active substance is initially distributed over the aerial parts of a plant, and it is through them that it penetrates into its internal organs and tissues). Therefore, those parasites that germinate after treatment remain resistant to the action of the poison (seeds and Hermes germs in the soil do not act).

    There are also no cases of habituation of weeds to “Hermes”, however, in order to avoid such trouble, it is recommended to alternate its use with other herbicides.

    Crop rotation restrictions

    As we have said, compared to other pesticides, this herbicide has minimum requirements for limiting crop rotation, but this does not mean that there are no such restrictions at all.

    The main danger of the drug is for beets. It can be planted on the field no earlier than 16 months after their treatment by Hermes. Vegetables can be planted when at least 10 months have passed after applying the herbicide. For sowing cereals, soybeans and cities it is enough to sustain four months.

    The manufacturer, however, notes a unique, compared to other anti-weed preparations, the ability of Hermes to not have a harmful after-effect on legumes. Sunflower, rapeseed and maize varieties resistant to imidazolinone, can be planted regardless of the use of "Hermes", and all other varieties of these crops - the next year after processing.

    Toxicity

    The drug has a minimal negative impact on the main cultivated culture, because the whole point of its “work” is a clear selectivity. With increased load on the plant, resulting from the complex effects of the herbicide and adverse environmental conditions (drought, high temperatures) there may be a slowdown in culture growth, the appearance of light spots on the leaves, but as soon as the weather gets better, the condition of the plant is quickly restored.

    The generally accepted classification of chemicals according to the degree of danger (harmful effects on the human body in case of violation of safety measures during work with such a substance) implies their division into four classes by decreasing (the most dangerous is the first, the least is the fourth). Hermes Herbicide refers to the third class of danger (moderately hazardous substance).

    Compatibility with other pesticides

    The company "Shchelkovo Agrohim" declares the perfect compatibility of this herbicide with pesticides (including insecticides and fungicides) of its own production.

    In order to eliminate unpleasant consequences, before using the drug in conjunction with other pesticides in each case, you need to check the compatibility of specific active ingredients that are part of a drug.

    In particular, it is not recommended to simultaneously fight weeds with the help of Hermes and to destroy pests with organophosphate preparations, such as Chlorofos, Chlorpyrifos, Thiofos, Dichlorvos, Diazinon, Dimethoat, Malathion.

    Shelf life and storage conditions

    The manufacturer recommends storing the herbicide in a place protected from children. The drug withstands a rather large range of temperature fluctuations - from -10 ° C to 35 ° C. Subject to these conditions, the company gives a guarantee on the drug for two years from the date of production (do not just forget to mix it well before use, especially after long-term storage).

    From all of the above, it can be concluded that the Hermes herbicide developed by Russian chemists is almost a unique way to destroy the main weeds, first of all, in the fields with sunflower, increase crop yield without harming it or the environment.

    Specifications

    Benefits

    • high efficacy of the drug with a reduced concentration of AD thanks to the innovative MD formulation
    • highly effective combination of two active substances from different classes
    • reliable protection of crops from annual dicotyledons, as well as annual and perennial grass weeds
    • resistant to precipitation washout
    • effective against all races of broomrape

    Preparative form

    Oil dispersion containing 50 g / l of hizalofop-P-ethyl and 38 g / l of imazamox

    Storage conditions

    Store the drug in a storage room for pesticides. Storage temperature range from minus 10 to plus 35 ℃. Mix before use.

    Warranty period of storage

    Hazard Class

    Class III, moderately hazardous substance

    Packaging

    Polyethylene canister 10 l.

    Drug action

    Mechanism of action

    Imazamox is absorbed by the leaves and the root system of weeds and inhibits the synthesis of a number of amino acids. Hizalofop-P-ethyl is absorbed by leaves and other above-ground parts of weeds, is transferred to the growth points of shoots and rhizomes and disrupts lipid synthesis, which leads to the death of a weed plant.

    Period of protective action

    The drug penetrates the plants through the aboveground organs and moves to the root system, therefore the effect of the drug is noted on the weeds found in the sowing during the period of treatment with the drug. Herbicide does not penetrate the soil and does not affect the weeds that appeared after spraying. The effectiveness of the drug is maintained, as a rule, during the entire vegetation period.

    Impact speed

    The action of the herbicide begins to appear after 7-10 days after treatment at air temperatures of 25-35 and humidity of 40-100%.

    Suppressed Weed Spectrum

    Annuals and some perennial dicotyledonous and cereal weeds
    Sensitive Views: Veronika Persian, Veronika Field, Highlander Pochechuyny, Highlander Bird, Black Mustard, Gumai, Dymyanka pharmacy, Starwalka average, Meadow Fox Fox, Macaus macroceum, Mari (species), Euphorbia Sunflower, Forget-Me-Not, Forget-me-not, Marvel , black nightshade, shepherd's bag ordinary, hard chaff, millet forked, millet hair-like, chicken millet (common hedgehog), weed millet, field radish, chamomile (species), blood-red rosy, bristle (species), shchiritsa ( species), clear-grained
    Moderately sensitive species: ragweed ambrosia, field thistle, cornflower blue, Teofrasta brigand, Clary tepot, tricolor violet

    Compatibility with other pesticides

    Before use, check the physical compatibility of the tank mix components.

    Application regulations

    Culture, processed object

    Sunflower
    (varieties and hybrids,
    resistant to
    imidazolinone)

    Chickpeas (when grown for grain)

    Application technology. The procedure for the preparation of working fluid

    Prepare the working solution immediately before use. Spray the tank 1/2 to fill with water, slowly pour with stirring a full dose of the drug, a canister with the remnants of the drug several times rinsed with water. Water from flushing the cans and the remaining amount of water topped up in the sprayer tank with stirring. The preparation of the working solution and the filling of the sprayer are carried out on special sites, which are further subjected to neutralization.

    For spraying used commercially available ground-mounted sprayers intended for the introduction of herbicides.

    It is not recommended to treat cultivated plants that are under stress from weather conditions, lack of nutrients, diseases or pests.

    Observe restrictions on crop rotation.

    Phytotoxicity

    The drug is subject to the rules of application of non-phytotoxic for peas, soybean and sunflower, resistant to imidazolinone. However, in some cases, the use of the maximum dose of herbicide may cause short-term discoloration of the leaves of peas and soybeans, which does not adversely affect the yield.
    Chickpea can be sensitive to herbicide: after 3-5 days after applying the drug, the color intensity of plants may change, necrotic spots may appear on the leaves. However, subsequently, plant growth is restored, new leaves grow, and the lack of competition with weeds helps to obtain additional grain yield.

    The possibility of resistance

    Cases of resistance to the drug have been identified. In order to avoid the emergence of resistance of grass weeds to the preparation, it is desirable to alternate the use of the preparation with herbicides of other chemical groups.