It is very beneficial to breed laying hens on your plot, because they are a good source of additional income and products.
Chickens, like people, need a good and spacious house, where they could sleep all year round, without fear of wind, rain or cold. And for this you need a barn that you can easily make your own hands, without attracting builders and buying expensive materials. About simple ways to build a cozy "house" for chickens will be described with interest in our article.
Requirements for the barn
The construction of the shed should be capital and ensure complete safety for the birds:
- It should be rather large in size and divided into several zones, so that inside it can be placed roosts, drinkers, feeders, tools, and so on.
- During construction should comply with sanitary and technical regulations.
- If a breeder of chickens breeds several types of chickens, depending on the purpose (egg, meat), then in the future barn each group of birds should be settled separately from each other. Places in the future house should be enough for the entire population.
- A good barn must be equipped with light, heating and ventilation. On how to properly install these elements, you can learn from our article.
What materials are suitable for building a barn?
For the capital shed you will need materials from which it will be possible to build a foundation and build the shed itself. In general, the following materials are suitable for this design:
- concrete blocks or brick (for foundation),
- cement mortar
- OSB slabs,
- wooden boards and parallel bars
- metal constructions,
- cladding material (wall paneling, plywood, etc.),
In addition, you should stock up with tools: screws, nails, metal corners, screwdriver, hammer, brushes, tools for grinding, etc.
Maintaining heat in a chicken coop at any time of the year is an important issue when breeding chickens. During the construction of the shed it is better to immediately ensure that the floor, walls and roof of the future structure are insulated with special materials.
Foam, felt, sawdust, straw are suitable as insulation. For example, warming foam, it should be plastered, so that the chickens could not peck it.
It is necessary to warm the walls of the shed both from the outside of the structure and inside, between the cladding material. The roof should be insulated with felt from the inside, and the floor can be covered with a thick layer of sawdust or straw.
How to make a barn for chickens: a walkthrough
To begin, the master needs to carry out the preparatory work. Namely:
- Decide on the place of construction of the barn. It is not recommended to build a structure in the lowlands, because as the precipitation falls, the shed will be flooded. The surface must be flat. In addition, it is better to build a house for chickens away from the owner’s house so that the breeder will not be disturbed by any unpleasant odors.
- Build the foundation. To do this, it is necessary to make measurements of the perimeter of the future shed on the ground, mark the place where the posts will be installed. This can be done through pegs and cord.
- On the areas marked for the foundation, dig holes, fill the sand tightly in them, and lay the foundation (concrete blocks or bricks) on top of the cement mortar.
- Foundation pillars must be strictly at the same level. Otherwise, the whole structure will be uneven, and therefore not very durable. With the help of wooden slats, you can check the height of the erected pillars and evenness of their installation.
- Then you should proceed to the construction, directly, of the frame, walls and roof of the future shed.
Consider a shed, made from OSB sheets. Today it is one of the most popular types of designs. First things first.
- Frame installation. To do this, an edged board measuring 5 * 10 cm or 10 * 10 cm cant is taken. They should be laid around the perimeter of the pillars of the erected foundation, and inside the resulting rectangle, you need to embed translations from a bar or board (setting it edge) to increase the rigidity of the structure. For the future walls of the shed, you also need to build a crate along the entire perimeter of the building, to which the sheets of RSD will be mounted. For windows and doors, holes in the frame should be immediately marked.
- Roof installation. For this, 2 beams are taken and installed in the center of the batten on two opposite sides of the shed. Then similar methods are mounted on 2 beams through the same distance from each other along the entire length of the future shed, using corners. Mounted on top of the crate also using the corners.
- Fastening sheets OSB. Sheets are fastened with self-tapping screws to beams or boards around the entire perimeter of the shed, including the roof.
- Covering the floor with wooden planks that need to be fixed with screws.
- It is recommended to grease the finished roof with resin and to lay several sheets of roofing material on the top. This material will additionally protect the shed from moisture and cold.
- At the end of construction you need to do the weatherization of the whole shed with the help of the tips described in the previous section of the article.
- Installation of a door, window frames and a hole that leads to a streetwalk or aviary.
Feeders and drinkers
Some poultry farmers feed chicken on the hen house floor, but this approach is fundamentally wrong:
- This leads to waste of food, which inevitably has to be swept along with dirt and feces.
- This is unhygienic and increases the risk of morbidity in poultry.
It is known that the main factor in the spread of such a dangerous disease of chickens as coccidiosis is precisely the feces, which contain the oocysts of the pathogen (coccidia). Eating food from the floor or the ground, a bird, therefore, has a much better chance of catching a serious infection.
Therefore, the presence of specialized feeders and drinkers is a mandatory sanitary requirement for the arrangement of the chicken coop. Moreover, they need to be arranged in such a way that each individual has free access to food and water and at the same time does not get the opportunity to climb into the appropriate tank with legs.
According to the standards tested in practice, the space required for free food intake per head should be:
- for an adult bird - 10-12 cm,
- for young animals up to 140 days old - 8-10 cm,
- for 2 weeks old chickens - 2-5 cm.
Drinking trough for adult birds and young stock should have a length of the calculation - at least 2 cm for each bird. 1 cm is enough for chickens.
If the main part of the day chickens are still held indoors, the feeder and water bottle will have to be placed in it. Today there are a huge number of the most varied options for feeders and drinkers for chickens: polypropylene pipes, automatic bunker-type devices, plywood fixtures, plastics and even plastic bottles or buckets.
Video: practical tips on making a chicken coop The place and method of its installation depends on the chosen construction: some containers are fixed to the wall, others are hung from the ceiling, and others are installed on the platform. It is only important to remember that the food and water should be at the level of the bird's chest, and not at its feet, so they should not be installed on the floor in any case.
That's all. If the recommendations and instructions are executed correctly, the dwelling for feathered inhabitants is ready and equipped. It remains only to acquire and launch into it happy clucking new settlers!