Pennisetum or peristoshtechinik is a perennial culture from the family of cereals. The natural habitat for this plant is the countries of the African continent, therefore the plant has certain features of cultivation and care.
External signs of pennisetum are characteristic of many plants of the family of cereals: erect stems, lanceolate leaves and inflorescence of ear, gray, gray, and cream with purple hues. Inflorescences are fluffy spikelets with a high decorative effect. The plant looks compact and dense enough, as the stems, leaves, and inflorescences at the root of the neck close to each other.
The height of the plant directly depends on the growing conditions and varies from 15-25 cm to more than one and a half meters. But, despite such a difference in the size of the bush, pennisetum is a very decorative culture that many landscape designers and gardeners are very fond of.
Pennisetum foxtail (Pennisetun alopecuroides)
Foxtail foxtail is one of the most popular of all species, as it tolerates winter well in mid-latitudes, and is a decorative culture not only during flowering, but also in autumn, when the main vegetative mass turns yellow, and the inflorescences retain their color. The photo shows the plant during flowering (mid-end of summer). This type of plastics reaches a height of 0.9-1.1 m.
Peristocarpal gray (Pennisetun glaucum)
Purple Baron Sort
Pennisetum gray, he is African millet, is a very unusual and interesting plant because of the special color of the inflorescences. In height reaches 0.4-1 m. Flowering from mid-summer to September.
In addition to spikelets, a decorative effect can be achieved by the dark red color of leaves, which are found in some varieties, for example, in purple majesty.
Such a spectacular color plant grows after 2 months of growth, and provided that the plant is located in a sunny place. Often this variety is called burgundy.
Pennisetun hameln (Pennisetun hameln)
Variety "hameln" different light, light cream and beige inflorescences, which have an arched shape. It winters in middle latitudes well, Hamelin is decorative even in winter. Flowering occurs at the end of August - mid-September.
Variety gamel can occur with reddish, pinkish fluffy inflorescences.
Peristocarpitis hairy (Pennisetum villosum)
The peristhistamine hairy is quite a heat-loving culture, so growing in the middle lane is problematic enough, but in the south it feels great, especially if grown in containers or pot. Plant height does not exceed 55-65 cm, differs more fluffy and "air" spikelets.
Pennisetum viredescens (Pennisetum viridescens)
The outer decorative features of the viridescens variety are lilac coloring of the spikelets, drooping leaves, which by the beginning of autumn acquire a dark purple hue. Height up to 70 cm, is a winter-hardy variety. Viridestsens is unpretentious and easy to clean.
Cultivation from seed, planting and care
It is possible to grow a plaster from seeds without special efforts and problems; it is only important to take into account all the rules of agricultural engineering. This plant is rarely found as a seedling, but the seeds are freely available in many large garden centers and online stores.
- Seeds can be planted in open ground or on seedlings. If the seedling method is chosen, the seeds are slightly buried in the ground with your fingers, if planting in open ground - you need to choose a dry sunny place, protected from the wind and also slightly deepen the seeds.
- For seedlings, the seeds are planted in April; if the sun is low, then the seedlings need to be covered with cling film and a few hours a day to highlight the lamp.
- May is suitable for planting in open ground, but on condition that frosts have passed.
- After the seedling length reaches 10 cm, the plants can be planted in open ground.
- For good growth and getting rid of stagnant water, it is necessary to make a drainage in the places of landing in the ground.
Pennisetum is unpretentious in the care, the main requirement - not to allow waterlogging and too dry soil. Particularly thermophilic varieties are best grown in pots or boxes, which for the winter can be moved to a place protected from frost. In winter, plants can be covered with burlap or spruce branches.
Where to buy planting material?
You can buy both seeds and seedlings of plants. The price of planting material depends on the region of purchase and variety.
The most expensive option is to purchase seedlings. This option has its advantages:
- Quick rooting of a plant,
- More lush bloom
- The plant actively grows and gives plots for further reproduction.
The average ratio of prices and popular varieties of plants:
Pennisetum is a perennial grass plant. Another name for this plant is Peristosteratnik. In the middle latitudes, it does not tolerate frost, so it is grown as an annual, sown every year. Its homeland is subtropics and tropics, but some varieties are successfully grown in temperate climates. Due to its attractive appearance, it is now grown on all continents. In the southern regions, winters under cover, grows and forms beautiful turfs.
The name of the pennisetum consists of two words denoting a feather and a bristle.
Its leaves are in fact pinnate, and the inflorescences are spikelets, gathered in whorls, covered with hairy bristles. Their length depends on the type and growing conditions and can be from 3 to 30 cm.
There are no ears on the bottom of the stems. Flowers of two types are located on one spikelet. Some are bisexual, others are underdeveloped. Spikelet color is silver, pink with brown, green with yellow. The base of the leaves is smooth. In autumn, the leaves of pennisetum turn yellow, and the spikelets retain their color. This makes it even more attractive, especially against the background of evergreens.
Types of plaster
The main types of pennisetum:
- Foxtail, from 40 cm to 1 m in height. It blooms with reddish panicles in August, and short in July. The inflorescences are milky, green, red-brown. In autumn, the leaves turn bright yellow. The bush remains beautiful until winter. Under the shelter carries frost in the middle lane. Grades: “Red Head”, Hameln, “Compressum”.
- Shaggy grows to 60 cm. Does not tolerate winter frost. Very decorative look. In nature, it grows on the East African mountainside, forming thick clumps. Used for dry winter bouquets.
- Simple originally from China. Frost-proof view. It grows on any soil. Plant height is 1.2 m. It blooms early, at the end of June. Requires a lot of light. The rhizome is very powerful, clumps grow rapidly, drowning out the neighboring plants.
- Gray differs in early flowering. His beautiful dark pink panicles bloom at the end of July. Frost does not tolerate, so grown as an annual plant. The width of the long reddish leaves is 3 cm. The fruits are called African millet and are used both for cooking and for medicinal purposes.
- Oriental in the wild can be seen on mountain rocky slopes. Height from 15 to 80 cm. Panicle short, from 4 to 15 cm. The color is brown-pink. Does not tolerate frost.
Pennisetum bristly and its features
Bristly pennisetum in nature also grows in the mountains, on their rocky slopes in northeastern Africa. Its stems are erect, with a height of 70 cm to 1 m 30 cm. The leaves are narrow, linear, about 5 mm wide, flat, in various shades of pink. Flowers are spike-like drooping panicles up to 30 cm long. The length of the spike is up to 15 cm. The color is brown-green, pink or purple.
The bush quickly grows, its leaves form thickets. In the spring and in the beginning of summer they keep straight, by the fall they wilt, expanding the plant’s habitat. Therefore, other plants, such as roses, should be planted next to it, taking into account this fact.
The popular variety Rubrum Fireworks has bright red leaves and purple inflorescences up to 35 cm long. Spikelets are collected in 2-3 pieces, with long, up to 4 cm feather-like setae located below. The variety is low, up to 70 cm. The leaves are from 2 to 6 mm wide. In the fall, its ears are cut to create dry bouquets.
Shrubby pennisetum shrub is sometimes referred to as flowing grass.
This is due to the fact that his panicles, directed from the center of the bush, create a semblance of a fountain. They look particularly impressive in windy weather. Panicles waving in different directions under his impulses. The disadvantages of pennisetum gardeners consider the sharp edges of the leaves, which are easy to cut, spontaneous dispersion of seeds and the fact that the bush in the spring must be strongly cut. But these shortcomings are overlapped by the beauty and unusualness of the plant, which preserves a beautiful view from spring to late autumn, and in the southern regions even in winter.
All varieties of pennisetum multiply by seed. They are sown in open ground in early May. Panicles of flowers will appear next year. To the plant bloomed in the first year, the seeds are sown on seedlings in February. You can do it in April, but then it will bloom next year. In this case, transplanted into the ground in a month. The advantage of this method of planting - the percentage of germination and plant survival will be higher.
It is better to sow in separate pots or cups, because cereals do not tolerate transplantation.
Earth seeds do not sprinkle, but only slightly push them inside. Germinate at a temperature of 18 ° C in a week. Then they need to be lit up with phytolamps. In May, when young plants reach a height of 12 cm, they are transplanted to a permanent place. Perennial, wintering under cover, propagated in the spring by dividing the bush. Carry out the operation no more than once for five years. The bush should have time to get stronger between transplants. Each of the delenok should not be very small. In this case, the bristly pennisetum will bloom in the year of transplantation.
What should be the conditions for the plant:
- Bristly pennisetum prefers to grow in well-lit areas protected from drafts. If there is no mountainous area, it is grown on the plains.
- The soil must be fertile. It grows poorly on sandstones. This soil is too dry, and the plant requires a sufficient amount of moisture for normal development.
- At the same time, the bristly pennisetum does not tolerate stagnant water in the root system. Therefore, planting it or sowing it in wet areas or where groundwater comes too close to the surface, it should first be drained. This may be river sand or gravel, familiar to plants in natural conditions. Top poured a layer of fertile soil rich in humus. For this make humus or compost.
Sometimes pennisetum bristly grown in containers. Install them near the walls of houses or other buildings. In winter, the upper part is not cut off, transfer the container to a room with a temperature not lower than 15 degrees. Almost no water. Remove dried leaves. Can be used as a houseplant.
The plant after transplantation needs regular watering. Use water warmed in the sun. Later, when the plant gets stronger and begins to develop, it is watered when the soil dries.
Near young plants regularly remove weeds, loosen the soil. When they grow up, the weeds will not be scary.
Plants located on nutrient soils, you can not fertilize.
But the introduction of a complete complex mineral fertilizer will improve the condition and appearance of the plaster granite. It is made once a month. There are no insects in our territory that would harm the bristly pennisetum. Do not affect him and known diseases. With too much watering and poor drainage, leaf discoloration may occur. If the amount of moisture is not reduced, the plant may die.
In the autumn, the long leaves of pennisetum are not cut off. Leave them for the winter, so they create protection from frost. But the leaves themselves will not be enough. Need to create additional protection. For this purpose, a non-woven covering material that allows air to pass through is covered with spruce branches.
Use on site
The peristhistamine is planted in separate groups, from which they form hedges. They look good in tapeworms. They are grown in containers that can be moved from one place to another.
High shrubby pennisetum bushes are often planted in the background so that they do not obscure the low large-flowered and beautifully flowering plants.
They are planted on alpine hills, placing in the center of the composition. Naturally looks pennisetum bristly near artificial ponds, patios, on terraces or lawns. It is irreplaceable to create a grass garden.
Penisetum bristly Rubrum Fireworks is often planted behind low carpets of flowering ornamental plants. Good neighbors are roses with yellow flowers, Veronica, yarrow, catnip. Panicle to cut for dry bouquets harvested in August, when the seeds are not ripe, but the spikelets already have a beautiful view.
More information can be found in the video:
- 1. Listen to the article (soon)
- 2. Description
- 3. Landing
- 3.1. When to plant
- 3.2. How to plant
- 4. Care
- 4.1. Growing up
- 4.2. Breeding
- 4.3. Pennisetum in winter
- 5. Pests and Diseases
- 6. Types and varieties
- 7. Pennisetum in Landscape Design
Planting and care for pennisetum (in short)
- Bloom: from July to September.
- Landing: annual species can be sown directly in the ground in the first decade of May, and sowing of seeds for seedlings is carried out in mid-April. Planting of annual seedlings in open ground is made at the end of May. Perennial species, if you want to see their flowering as early as this year, are sown on seedlings in the second half of February, and seedlings are planted in the garden at the end of May.
- Lighting: bright sunlight.
- The soil: fertile, rich in humus, moist, slightly acidic reaction.
- Watering: will be required only during a prolonged drought.
- Top dressing: when grown in poor soil - once a month with a solution of complex mineral fertilizers.
- Reproduction: seeds and division of the bush.
- Pests and Diseases: The plant is extremely stable.
Pennisetum flower - description
Pennisetum forming dense turfs can reach a height of 15 to 130 cm. Their linear leaves are up to half a meter in length and 5 mm wide, bright green in spring and summer, and yellow in autumn, gathered at the base. On straight bare stems, rough and covered with bristles only in the lower part, magnificent cylindrical or almost one-sided spike panicles of white, burgundy, greenish or pink color from 3 to 35 cm long form. The flowers in the ears of pennisetum are of two types: underdeveloped stamens and luxuriant bisexual. Penisetum bush form resembles a fountain, so it is often called fountain grass.
When to put a pennisetum in the ground.
Most often, pennisetum is propagated generatively: seeds of one-year pennisetum are sown in boxes or pots in mid-April, and seedlings grown from them are transplanted into open ground in late May. One can sow annual species directly into the ground in the first decade of May.
Perennial species can also be grown in the seed way, and if you want to see their flowering as early as this year, you need to sow seeds for seedlings in the second half of February in peat pots: this culture does not tolerate root exposure, so it’s best to use peat which then seedlings and planted in a flower garden.
How to plant a pennisetum.
Pennisetum seeds are pressed into the surface of a well-moistened seedling substrate a few millimeters, after which the crops are sprayed from a spray bottle and placed in a warm, bright place. Seedlings will begin to appear in a week, and you will need to arrange artificial lighting for them, because in February the day is very short, and the seedlings will need good lighting. Planted seedlings in open ground at the end of May, when it reaches a height of 10-15 cm.
Pennisetum prefers open sunny areas with fertile, rich in humus, moist soils of weakly acidic reaction. Pennisetum will not grow well in dry, too dense or sandy soil.
Reproduction of cereals
The peristhistamine can be propagated by seeds, and perennial species also by dividing the bushes. Ready to buy seedlings is difficult, usually it has to grow on their own. Pennisetum does not like being bare its roots, so planting on seedlings is done in pots. Of these, plants are transplanted to a permanent place with a clod of earth. Landing is as follows:
- Seeds on seedlings are planted in mid-April.
- They are slightly buried in the ground and not sprinkled on top.
- With good coverage, germs appear after one to three weeks.
- Seedlings are planted in the ground at the end of May, when the height of seedlings will reach 10 cm. Plants are planted at a distance of 50- 70 cm.
При выращивании безрассадным способом семена высаживают в открытый грунт в мае, когда закончатся заморозки. Многолетние сорта размножают делением весной. Для этого от куста отделяют побеги с корнями и переносят на новое место. Пеннисетум хорошо переносит пересадку и зацветает в тот же год.
Использование в ландшафтном дизайнеОднолетние сорта высаживают в миксбордеры, по краям клумб, на газонах, у домов и заборов. Их размещают на альпийских горках и в рокариях. Пеннисетум образует красивые одиночные посадки, и его часто сажают возле деревьев в садах и парках. Особенно декоративно смотрится пеннисетум лисохвостовый, посадка которого формой напоминает фонтан.
Посев в открытый грунт
Seeds can be sown in open ground in spring with the establishment of real heat, when the threat of recurrent frosts passes (approximately in May).
Dig a site, level. Sprinkle the seeds on the surface - they are very small, you don’t need to go deep into the soil, it’s enough to put them in a rake. Moisten the beds without stagnant water. The shoots that appear soon will thin out, leaving a distance of about 80 cm between individual bushes.
Under favorable conditions, self-seeding is possible. It is advisable to plant a plant along fences, fences, buildings. To get flowering early, you should grow a seedlings plistoshtetininnika.
Pennisetum seed growing seedlings photos
We do not recommend purchasing seedlings in containers - in most cases it does not take root well. Grow it yourself is not difficult.
- Start sowing peristoshchetininnika in late February and early March.
- You will need loose nutrient soil: you can use universal soil for seedlings.
- It is better to grow immediately in individual containers, since during transplantation it is impossible to expose the root system to bare. Peat or plastic cups are ideal - in the future, cross over with an earthy ball.
- In one container, place 1-2 seeds, gently pressing into the ground.
- Spray from a fine sprayer, cover crops with cling film, transparent oilcloth or glass.
- Sprout at normal room temperature, provide bright ambient light.
- Expect germination after 7-10 days.
- Ventilate the greenhouse, maintain moderate soil moisture. Then remove the shelter.
- Young sprouts will need additional lighting and moderate watering, the temperature content in the range of 20-22 ° C.
Transplant in open ground in May. Plant height will be 10-15 cm.
Vegetative reproduction of pennisetum
The division of the bush is suitable for perennial plants. The procedure should be carried out 1 time in 5 years. Do it in the spring. Carefully dig out the delenka (young shoots together with a part of the root system), plant in a permanent place of growth, water well. They quickly take root and begin to bloom in a couple of months.
Growth conditions peristoshtetininnika
Pennisetum bristly cultivation and care in open ground
Culture comes from hot countries, should be grown under bright sunshine. Take care of protection from drafts. When grown in a pot, container, create the same conditions.
The composition of the soil pennisetum unpretentious, able to grow in dry and moderately dry soils. The bush will be most lush when grown in fertile soil with good drainage.
Do not plant in the lowlands: the accumulation of moisture at the roots adversely affects the condition of the plant.
How to care for a plaster
Pennisetum Oriental cultivation of seed planting and care
Weed young plants weed away, regularly loosen the soil.
Prolonged drought is contraindicated in cereal, it does not tolerate over-wetting of the soil. Focus on precipitation. Water regularly and moderately, keeping the soil slightly moist.
In the summer, monthly feeding. Suitable complex mineral fertilizers and organic.
Shelter Pennisetum for the winter
The culture is thermophilic, but many representatives are adapted to temperate climates. Some species are cultivated as letniki, can also be grown in pots and brought to the room for wintering. Frost-resistant species successfully winter in open ground. With the onset of autumn, the stalks should be collected in bundles, tied, covered with spruce leaves.
In the spring, pruning the plant to awaken and grow. Another shelter option: cut the stems under the root in autumn, gurgle with dry bark, peat or fallen leaves. It can also be transplanted into a pot and stored indoors until spring.
If the winters in your region are harsh, every year the bush will decrease in size. After 2-3 years, it will need to be replaced with a new one.
Pennisetum or plisty foxtail Pennisetum alopecuroides
Pennisetum Foxtail Pennisetum alopecuroides photo
Perennial native to East Asia and Australia. The height of the bush varies from 40 cm to 1 m. Soft fluffy panicles bloom in late summer. The color is purple, red-brown. Leaf plates narrow, long, green color in the autumn change to yellow. It is frost-resistant: successfully winters in the open ground, but it will be necessary to cover with spruce leaves.
Pennisetum Oriental Pennisetum Oriental
Pennisetum Oriental Pennisetum Oriental photo
Penisetum foxtail-shaped - perennial herbaceous plant, in conditions of temperate climate is cultivated as a letnik. In the natural environment lives on rocky slopes of Transcaucasia, Central and Western Asia, India, Pakistan, and Northeast Africa. With a height of 15-80 cm forms extensive turf. Flowering occurs in late summer. Color range from pink to purple.
Pennisetum hairy pennisetum villosum
Pennisetum Shaggy Pennisetum villosum photo
Perennial native of East Africa, settled down in Tashkent, Baku, Ashgabat. In temperate climates, it is recommended to grow as a container plant. Bush height is 40-50 cm. Panicle very thick, white-golden hue. Flowering occurs in August.
Pennisetum simple Pennisetum incomptum
Pennisetum simple Pennisetum incomptum ‘Purple Form’ photo
Coming from China. The most resistant to cold weather - can withstand temperatures down to -30 ° C. The bush is massive, reaches a height of 1.2 m. The leaf plates are oblong, large, have a gray-green tint. Despite the fact that it requires space can be grown in curb plantings. Flowering starts in July. Spikelets are long, thin, their coloring from light green to autumn becomes yellow-brown.
Pennisetum glaucum pennisetum gray
Pennisetum gray Pennisetum glaucum photo
Dense shrub reaches a height of 2 m. We are grown as letnik. The leaf plates are long, fairly wide (similar to the leaves of corn), have a gray shade. The flowering period is in July-September. Massive spikelets make up the length of 40 cm, the colors are maroon-bronze.
Pennisetum setaceum bristly pennisetum
Pennisetum bristly purple Pennisetum setaceum Rubrum photo
Bush height varies from 70 cm to 1.3 m. The color range (color of leaves and inflorescences) is pink-purple. Loose paniculate inflorescences bloom from the second half of summer. Dried flowers are used in bouquet compositions. The view does not tolerate frosts.
Pennisetum Hameln Pennisetum alopecuroides ‘Hamelin’
Pennisetum Foxtail Hameln Pennisetum alopecuroides ‘Hameln’ photo
Pennisetum Hamelin - one of the most popular varieties of foxtail foxtail. Differs in unusual gray-ashy color of spikelets with a slight beige shade, bristles are thick, long and fluffy, spikelets are elongated in comparison with common varieties. Bloom from late summer to late autumn. The height of the bush from 30 to 60 cm. Perennial, requires shelter for the winter. Resistant to diseases and pests. It is best to plant in the spring, and endures later plantings in the summer and autumn, but requires more careful protection against freezing.
Pennisetum Red Head pennisetum Red Head
Pennisetum Red Head pennisetum Red Head photo
Smoky-purple spikelets in abundance cover the spherical bush. Flowering is long, all August and September. Bush height from 40 cm to 1 m. The average winter hardiness - zone 5, can withstand temperatures down to -26 ° C. Suitable for growing in the middle lane, beautifully winters even in snowless winters under the cover of a spruce branches.
Pennisetum purple Princess Molly Princess Molly Pennisetum Purpureum
Pennisetum purple princess molly princess molly pennisetum purpureum photo
Pennisetum purple is decorative all season: the amazing color of the leaves makes it stand out against other cultures. Planted with green ground cover, other cereals or garden flowers.
Pennisetum Maudry pennisetum alopecuroides moudry
Pennisetum Foxtail Maudry pennisetum alopecuroides moudry photo
The Maudry variety was fond of thick, large, fluffy spikelets of a pinkish-purple hue with a slight smoky shade, covering the bush in abundance. The height of the bush from 60 to 90 cm, blooms throughout June and July. The leaves are wide, light green, are collected in a globular basal rosette. Requires shelter for the winter.
Pennisetum Purple Baron pennisetum Purple Baron
Pennisetum Purple Baron pennisetum Purple Baron photo
The purple baron is a sort of pennisetum gray. Very powerful bush, reaches 0.7-1.1 m in height. Flowering is long, from July to September. Spikelets are long, up to 20-30 cm, densely pubescent, ruby-purple in color with whitish coating on the tips. Dark green broad leaves have a purple bloom, the same color of the shoots themselves. Very quickly increases the green mass, gives a lot of lateral shoots. Does not require attentive care, does not hurt anything. For winter, it is recommended to dig and keep in a container in a cool, bright room.
Pennisetum setaceum rubrum ‘Dwarf Red’
Pennisetum rubrum Pennisetum setaceum rubrum ‘Dwarf Red’ photo
This variety of pennisetum purpurea has a red-ruby and violet hue. Spikelets are highlighted, beige-ruby-purple. The shape of the bush is rounded, the leaves are thin, thick. Requires shelter for the winter.
Pennisetum Viridescens Black Beauty Pennisetum viridescens Black Beauty ’
Pennisetum Viridescens Black Beauty Pennisetum viridescens Black Beauty ’photo
The variety of the peristochenine Viridescens Black Beauty Pennisetum viridescens ‘Black Beauty’ conquers with its amazing beauty: black-purple spikelets radially scatter from an armful of thin thick leaves of rich green color. Winter hardiness zone 6a, withstands frost up to -23 ° C without shelter. The height of the bush with inflorescences reaches 80 cm, the leaves are up to 60 cm. By the end of the summer, the leaves get black-violet spraying, in the fall they acquire a golden-brown shade. Flowering lasts throughout August and September.
Pennisetum Ornamental Millet pennisetum ornamental millet
Pennisetum Ornamental Millet pennisetum ornamental millet photo
A very beautiful series of gray rock plaster. The height of the bush is 0.8-1 meters, it grows to a width of 40 cm. It is planted at a distance of 25-40 cm. It blooms from late spring to autumn. Prefers penumbra.
Most members of the genus Pennisetum are perennial plants, but have turned into annuals in cool climates. Shrubs grow in height from 15 to 130 centimeters. Some species can reach two meters. It grows very quickly, forming thickets of spherical shrubs. They have straight naked stems, lanceolate foliage, concentrated at the base of the plant. At the end of a long stalk trim neat lush spikelets.
They can be white, pink, greenish, burgundy, gray shades. In some species, under the weight of spikelets, the stems bend down to the ground.
Popular types of pennisetum
- Perennial bush. In temperate climates it grows as one year old.
- Cereal can be found in the Caucasus, Front and Central Asia, Pakistan, India and Northeast Africa. Loves stony slopes.
- The bush grows to 15-80 centimeters.
- Spike 4–15 centimeters long, dense, with rough setae. Accepts shades from pink to purple.
- It blooms at the end of summer.
- Homeland plants - Australia and East Asia.
- It is a perennial plant.
- Spikelets grow in length from 40 to 100 centimeters. Soft, fluffy. Their color range is from purple to red-brown.
- The foliage is narrow, green. By the fall it becomes yellow.
- The grass is blooming at the end of summer. Decorative keeps after the period of flowering.
- Frost-resistant plant. Low temperatures tolerate easily, if it is covered with fir branches. In order for the grass to recover faster after winter, its foliage needs to be cut off with the arrival of cold weather.
- Perennial, growing to 30-60 centimeters.
- It grows in East Africa. Not bad gets accustomed in Baku, Ashgabat, Tashkent. It can grow in southern Russia. In temperate climates it is best to grow in pots.
- Loves rocks and stony slopes.
- Bush reaches 40-50 centimeters.
- Panicle small, thick, 3-10 centimeters long, golden brown.
- Flowering falls at the end of summer. Cereal blooms for about a month.
- Massive dense perennial shrub growing up to two meters in height. In temperate climates it grows as an annual.
- The leaves are broad, bronze-burgundy color.
- Spikelets dense, massive, up to 40 centimeters long.
- The beginning of flowering falls in the middle of summer and lasts until September.
- Perennial, growing to 70-130 centimeters in height. It grows thick bushes.
- The leaves are narrow, long, flat, dark in color. Stems and spikelets are also dark.
- Flowering occurs in the second half of summer - the beginning of autumn.
- Panicles are quite beautiful, so they are often used for forming bouquets.
- Frost tolerates poorly.
- The most frost-resistant representative of the plastics, as a native of China, the Himalayas.
- It grows up to 120 centimeters.
- Stems erect. The leaves are narrow, long, gray-green color.
- Spikelets appear in June. Their color varies from light green to yellow-brown with the approach of autumn. They are thin and long, not too noticeable.
- He loves the sun.
- The soil is not picky.
Conditions of detention
The plant loves the sun, so it needs to be planted in well-lit areas. If your climate is hot, then you should choose a place where there is a penumbra. In addition to this, the plot must be protected from drafts.
If you plant the grass with seeds, they can be sown in open ground from mid-May. It is possible to plant seeds in containers for seedlings. This procedure is carried out in April. The plant is transplanted to a permanent place when the spring frosts go away.
Soil and fertilizer
Pennisetum is not demanding to the ground. Can grow on dry or moderately dry ground. Strongly dry and dense soil is not suitable. The best option is a moist, breathing, drained soil containing a sufficient amount of humus.
If the earth is dense, then it should be loosened and weeded. In the summer it is necessary to make organic and mineral fertilizers.
Reproduction and planting
Pennisetum can be grown from seed and vegetatively (dividing the bush into parts).
Seeds can be sown immediately in open ground or grown from them seedlings. In the first case, landing occurs in the month of May, when spring frosts take place. In the garden, choose a place well lit, protected from the winds. The land should be fertile and drained.
The seed is slightly buried in the ground, not sprinkled on top. After planting, watering the plant comes from the spray gun. When the first shoots appear, it is necessary to thin out the crops a little. Sprouted and mature shoots are transplanted to a permanent place at a distance of 50-90 centimeters from each other.
Sowing seeds for seedlings is carried out in April. Seeds are deepened into special containers or pots with fertile soil. Verify covered with foil. Watered from a spray bottle. For seedlings to appear, seedlings should be placed under the lamp for several hours a day. At room temperature after seven days, the first shoots will appear. When a young plant is 10 centimeters high, it can be planted in a permanent place in the open soil, provided that the spring frosts have passed. Bushes are planted at a distance of 50-90 centimeters from each other.
Relation to temperature
All thermophilic varieties grow as annuals. If you want your bush to grow for more than one year, then you need to plant it in pots and bring it into a warm room for the winter. Here it must be placed in a well-lit place.
If the peristoshchetinnik variety is frost-resistant, then it can be grown in open ground. With a decrease in temperature, it is covered with coniferous branches, bark or peat. To wake up the plant from hibernation in winter, with the advent of spring it is cut.
Possible difficulties in growing
The only difficulty in growing pistoshchetininnik - in our climate to ensure that the plant grew as a perennial. Due to the fact that the cereal is thermophilic, after a cold winter it dies.
Therefore, it should be grown in pots and transferred to the room with the arrival of cold weather. This is quite troublesome.
Pests, diseases and prevention
Pennisetum is not afraid of disease or pests. With severe frosts and poor shelter, the plant may freeze and die in the middle. In this case, the rest of the bush transplanted to a new location.
Sometimes aphids and mites appear on the bush. You can drive them through the water pressure when watering. For the prevention of acceptable spraying plants with soap and water.
Each type of pennisetum is attractive in its own way. But all of them are in perfect harmony with the surrounding landings in any landscape design. From them it is possible to create both separate compositions, and to add already existing ones.